75 linking words for academic writing (+examples)

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Linking words play an important role in academic writing: They connect different paragraphs, sections or ideas in a text. Therefore, they considerably improve the readability and argumentation of academic texts such as a thesis, dissertation, essay or journal publication. This list of 75 linking words includes examples of how they can be used in academic writing.

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Linking words expressing order and sequence in academic writing

Linking words expressing additions in academic writing, linking words expressing cause and effect in academic writing, linking words expressing contrasts and comparisons in academic writing, linking words expressing emphasis in academic writing, linking words expressing illustrations in academic writing, linking words expressing summaries and conclusions in academic writing, linking words expressing conditionality in academic writing, linking words expressing generalisations in academic writing, linking words expressing concessions in academic writing.

1. First(ly), second(ly), third(ly)

Example: First, I review the existing literature on cross-border collaboration. Second, I explain the methodology …

Example: The thesis starts with a literature review. Next, I describe the case study design.

Example: Finally, recommendations for future research are presented.

4. Subsequently

Example: Study participants underwent several experiments and were subsequently examined.

5. Afterwards

Example: The event increased public awareness of this issue. Afterwards, politicians debated it more openly.

6. Eventually

Example: Eventually, this led to the creation of a social movement.

Example: Before scientists discovered the role of neurons in information processing, they assumed that…

8. Previously

Example: Previously, scholars believed that nurture was the most important factor in a child’s development.

linking words in essay example

Example: Scholars examine the causes and effects of poverty.

10. Furthermore

Example: Furthermore, the data illustrates the number of chemicals that can be found in drinking water.

11. Additionally

Example: Additionally, the interviewee lamented a lack of attention to his work.

12. As well as

Example: Scholars utilise qualitative as well as quantitative methods to study this phenomenon.

13. Besides

Example: Besides the public outreach component, we wrote a handbook to disseminate the research results in the academic community.

Example: The financial compensation was also appreciated by the study participants.

15. Moreover

Example: Moreover, interviewees were asked to describe their own experiences.

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16. Because

Example: This theory was ultimately rejected because it was built on a flawed dataset.

Example: The outcomes improved since different parties joined forces.

Example: As the number of studies increases, better conclusions can be drawn.

Example: Scientists realised that the data analysis had flaws. So they decided not to run the same data analysis again.

20. Therefore

Example: Many researchers have conducted this experiment with similar results. Therefore, this theory can be debunked.

21. Consequently

Example: The literature highlights the importance of age and physical fitness. Consequently, these factors will be investigated further.

Example: Due to a low response rate, the study’s validity is low.

23. Nevertheless

Example: One academic study found the opposite results. Nevertheless, it can be argued that…

Example: Many scholars have explored this issue. Yet, to date, no inclusive framework exists to explain…

25. Although

Example: Although a confidentiality agreement was provided, study participants were hesitant to disclose private information.

26. In spite of

Example: In spite of the different study contexts, all experiments pointed to similar results.

27. Whereas

Example: People often stated that they are aware of the rules whereas they behaved as if they did not.

Example: While older studies often emphasise structural effects, newer ones tend to highlight the role of agency.

29. In contrast

Example: In contrast to previous findings, my analysis shows that…

30. Similarly

Example: One study found that the majority of residents in disadvantaged areas do not have access to sufficient resources. Similarly, my research revealed that most residents live too far away from the services and resources they would need to climb the social ladder.

31. Equally

Example: E qually important, however, is the role of personal beliefs in decision-making processes.

32. Likewise

Example: The interviewee considered this issue important and expected his colleagues to do likewise.

33. On the other hand

Example: On the one hand, research in this field advanced considerably in the last 20 years. On the other hand, a lot remains unclear.

Example: Unlike social scientists, physical scientists often conduct laboratory examinations.

linking words in essay example

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35. Particularly

Example: Particularly relevant for this study is the molecular orbital theory.

36. Especially

Example: Especially younger interviewees expressed dissatisfaction with the status quo.

37. Above all

Example: Above all, this method can generate better insights into the physical processes at hand.

Example: Indeed, motivation turned out to be a defining factor of academic success.

38. Clearly

Example: Clearly, these scholars were not aware of recent advances in medical sciences.

39. Definitely

Example: This was definitely the most important event of the year.

40. Importantly

Example: More importantly, the findings underscore the importance of conflict resolution.

41. Undoubtedly

Example: Undoubtedly, all stakeholders had good intentions.

42. Obviously

Example: Obviously it is too early to draw final conclusions.

43. Of course

Example: Of course, this study should be replicated in a different context.

44. Surprisingly

Example: Surprisingly, all results were unambiguous.

45. Such as

Example: Scientists have explored different parts of the problem, such as CO2 emissions and hydrological processes.

46. For example

Example: Many interviewees were nervous. For example, when asked to describe the event, some of them started to stutter.

47. For instance

Example: Scholars have criticised this approach for different reasons. For instance, they argued that qualitative methods are insufficient to draw generalisable conclusions.

48. In this case

Example: Difficulties arise when no study participants can be found. In this case, alternative methods should be considered.

50. To conclude

Example: To conclude, the empirical analysis supports previous research findings.

51. In conclusion

Example: In conclusion, the reviewed literature highlights a clear research gap.

52. To sum up

Example: To sum up, a mixed methods approach is a better choice than a purely quantitative one.

53. In summary

Example: In summary, it is my opinion that conditions should be improved.

54. In short

Example: In short, scholars call for more research on climate change mitigation.

55. Altogether

Example: Altogether, these examples support the main argument.

Example: Energy supply became a growing problem. Thus, new policies were implemented.

Example: The first dataset was incomplete. Hence, a new dataset had to be developed.

Example: Unless stated otherwise, I refer to the concept as…

59. As long as

Example: As long as the conditions do not change, the results should remain stable.

Example: If scientists study this phenomenon in the future, they should pay attention to structural drivers.

61. Provided that

Example: Provided that nothing changes, the effects on society will be negative.

Example: Should the distribution change, it is fair to expect…

63. Even if

Example: Even if more experiments are conducted, human behaviour remains hard to predict.

Example: Often, this issue was flagged by interviewees themselves.

65. Commonly

Example: Commonly, this criterion is used for categorising plants.

66. Overall

Example: Overall the data confirmed the hypothesis.

67. Typically

Example: Typically emotions run high in such situations.

68. Generally

Example: Generally speaking, scholars address this issue from two angles.

Example: Mainly researchers in the global North discuss this phenomenon.

Example: Mostly, these results cannot be replicated outside of the lab.

71. Even if

Example: This is hard to prove. Even if the study sample is large enough.

72. Regardless of

Example: Regardless of their genetic makeup, mice showcased the same symptoms.

Example: Albeit experiencing setbacks, successful students do not get discouraged.

74. Admittedly

Example: Admittedly, the validity of this study should be increased.

75. Nonetheless

Example: Nonetheless, this study can be seen as a valuable contribution to the international literature.

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Linking Words And Phrases In English (List With Examples)

In this study guide, you will learn how to use linking words in English. You will discover the meaning of common linking words and learn how to use them in a sentence. Examples are provided to show you the sentence position and use of common linking words in English. Check out the exercises at the end to test your understanding!

linking words in essay example

What are linking words?

  • Meanings & uses
  • List with examples

Improve Your English for College or University: 6 Simple Steps

What you will learn:

Discourse markers (‘linkers’) are words or phrases that we use to make links between words in a sentence. These discourse markers are used in both spoken and written English.

Here we will focus on discourse markers in writing and formal spoken English – commonly known as ‘linking words’. Linkers are a way of making connections between ideas and sentences.

Formal and informal linkers

Informal linking words are used in spoken English. You can link your ideas with words and phrases like: I mean , honestly , after all , besides and in any case . It is useful to learn which linking words are most appropriate in formal and informal situations. In an email, you might choose linking words such as so , but , and because . These should already be familiar.

In an essay, you are more likely to choose formal linkers, such as therefore , however , consequently, on the contrary and moreover . There are some linking words that are so formal that you may choose not to use them at all in your writing. Examples include: thus , hence and nonetheless .

Linking words and sentence position

Many linking words are used at the beginning of a sentence, while others can be used in the middle or at the end. Words and phrases connected with sequencing and structure appear at the start of a sentence. Examples include: first , secondly , finally and in conclusion . Adverbs, which express the writer’s opinion, also occur at the start of a sentence, for example evidently and obviously .

Linking words can be used between clauses, in the middle of the sentence. Examples include: words that contrast ideas ( however , although), show consequence ( therefore, as a result), and phrases that add more information ( moreover, furthermore) . A few linking words can be placed at the end of the sentence. Look at the following example: Learning a second language is motivating. It can be very difficult, however .


The use of punctuation with some linking words and phrases is important. Some grammar books provide you with specific rules about punctuation and clauses in a sentence. The most important reason for using punctuation in a sentence is so the reader can understand your intended meaning.

Punctuation, particularly commas , should help the reader to identify clauses in your writing and lead to a clearer understanding of the text. Look at these two example sentences – which is easier to understand?

A: To conclude the cars of the future are likely to be more environmentally friendly however this change may take many years to implement and moreover will require the support of the general public.

B: To conclude, the cars of the future are likely to be more environmentally friendly, however, this change may take many years to implement and, moreover, will require the support of the general public.

Linking words are very important in written texts. Without them, your writing may be disconnected and difficult to read. In English examinations, students are often graded on their ability to write cohesive sentences. Therefore, learning how to use linking words correctly is an important skill in learning English as a second language. The examples below will help you to understand the meaning of linking words in written texts and to improve your own linking skills!  

Linking words: meanings and uses

Conjunctions are a familiar group of linking words, which join two clauses in a sentence, such as but , because or however.  In fact, linking words have many different functions in a sentence and range from single words to phrases of up to four words. The categories below show the most common types of linking words.

Sequencing First, secondly, subsequently, finally

Words like first , second and finally appear at the start of a sentence. They help the reader to navigate their way through the text. They are used in essays but also in instructions, for example recipes.

Adding information In addition, also, furthermore, what is more

These linking words are used to give additional information or to strengthen our argument.

Comparison Similarly, equally, likewise

We use these linking words to add further examples or to make connections between ideas.

linking words in essay example

Giving examples For example, for instance, e.g., such as

Use these linking words to give examples.

Consequence Consequently, therefore, as a result, hence

These linking words can be used to describe how one idea logically follows another.

Generalisation On the whole, generally, in general

These linking words are usually positioned at the start of a sentence. They are used before a general statement.

Summing up To sum up, in summary, to summarise, to conclude, in conclusion

These types of phrases are commonly used to start the final section of an essay. They are also used in formal spoken English, for example a speech or the TV news, to signal to the listener that the speech is coming to an end.

Contrasting However, on the other hand, conversely, in contrast, rather, while, whereas

These linking words are used to introduce an idea or argument that contrasts with what has been said before. In an essay, they are useful for introducing, for example, the disadvantages in an advantages and disadvantages essay. The use of rather in this context is very formal.

Stating fact In fact, as a matter of fact, actually

These types of linking words can be used to signal to the reader that the writer’s meaning is different to what the reader expects.

Concession Although, despite, in spite of, even though

These linking words are used to show that we acknowledge another person’s opinion, even if we may not agree with it.  

A-Z List of common linking words with examples

The list below includes all the commonly used linking words in written English. Example sentences are also provided to help you understand them in context.  

Additionally Additionally , students should complete at least 3 hours of homework per week.  

As a result In recent years, few students have studied languages at school. As a result , the number of people taking language courses at degree level has decreased.  

But It is important to adjust your mirrors, but do not do this while driving your car.

Consequently John did not study hard for his exams. Consequently , his grades was disappointing.

Conversely People who have no savings often have trouble when applying for bank loans. Conversely , those who already have savings find it much easier to get credit.

Equally Studying languages face-to-face has a positive impact on learning. Equally , online learning can allow students to progress quickly.

Firstly, secondly, etc. Firstly , we’d like to say a warm welcome to all our new undergrads. Secondly , we’d like to remind you that students should attend all lectures on time for the duration of the semester.

For example You should wear suitable clothing for this trip. For example , a waterproof coat and a warm hat.  

For instance You can substitute some ingredients in this recipe. For instance , honey can be used instead of sugar.

Furthermore In my opinion, the government should provide adequate guidance on physical exercise. Furthermore , I believe it has a duty to advise the public on health and diet.

Generally (speaking) Generally , working from home is less stressful and more productive than working in a noisy office.

Hence Mark had inherited a lot of money from his grandmother; hence the large house.  

However Sports facilities, such as gyms and swimming pools, help people to keep fit. However , people also need motivation to help them improve their health.

In addition As a community, we should do more to improve our wellbeing. In addition , the government should start a new advertising campaign to promote health and fitness nationwide.

In conclusion In conclusion , the advantages of tourism outweigh the disadvantages.

linking words in essay example

In contrast Working from home can save time and money. In contrast , commuting long distances to work every day can be time-consuming and expensive.  

In fact We didn’t enjoy the film. In fact , it was pretty terrible!

In general In general , working from home is more convenient than travelling to the office.

In particular Young children are influenced by the people around them, in particular their parents.  

In spite of this Tony was not offered a place at his chosen university. In spite of this , he achieved a first class degree and went on to have a successful career.

Likewise Squirrels feed on hard grains and nuts, using their sharp front cutting teeth to break up their food. Likewise , rats are able to gnaw through hard materials.

Moreover Children from less affluent households were reported to read less. Moreover , children who did not have books in the house were found to be much more likely to have a low reading age.

Nevertheless You should try to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day and reduce your fat intake. Nevertheless , any changes you can make to your diet will have a positive effect.  

Nonetheless The disadvantages of living in a city include noise and pollution. Nonetheless , the majority of people still choose to live in urban areas.

On the contrary On the contrary , many students chose universities that showed a good standard of teaching rather than a high ranking.

On the other hand Tourism can have a positive effect on the wealth of a country. On the other hand , it can also have a negative impact on the environment.

On the whole On the whole , most students prefer informal tutorial groups to large group lectures.  

Rather Rob wasn’t successful in the interview, rather he was given some advice on improving his application.

So I really love Spanish culture, so I’m looking forward to my trip to Madrid next month.

Such as Stringed instruments, such as the violin and the cello, are among the most difficult to learn.

Therefore Sue broke her leg. Therefore , she was unable to attend work for a month.

Thus The availability of high-sugar and high-fat foods has had an impact on people’s health; thus , the rate of obesity is increasing.

To conclude To conclude , a child’s home background has a dramatic effect on their educational achievement.

Positive excited multi-ethnic students in casual clothing lying on floor in campus library and laughing while watching curious video on laptop

To summarise To summarise , consumer habits are changing: there has been a marked increase in the amount of clothing and technology sold online during the pandemic.

To sum up To sum up , learning a new skill, like a language, can be challenging, but it is also rewarding.

Similarly Similarly , increasing the price of fuel and raising parking charges may discourage people from driving into city centres.

Still Digital technology has made working from home easier. Still , many people prefer the social contact of going to their workplace.

What is more Too much screen time may affect children’s activity levels. What is more , extended time spent using electronic devices may have a negative impact on their eyesight.

Whereas Boys tend to develop physical skills, such as jumping, at a young age, whereas girls tend to develop fine motor skills.

While While men still make up the largest proportion of students on science courses, the number of women is steadily increasing.

Yet The penalties for breaking the law are high, yet some people continue to commit crimes.  

Linking words: exercises

  • Which of these groups of linking words show consequence? a. however, although, but b. therefore, so, as a result c. for example, such as d. to conclude, in summary, to sum up
  • Which of these groups of linking words are used to contrast ideas? a. however, although, but b. therefore, so, as a result c. for example, such as d. to conclude, in summary, to sum up
  • Which linking word does not belong in this group? a. on the whole b. in general c. as a result d. generally
  • Which statement is correct? a. Linking words can be positioned at the start, middle or end of a sentence. b. Linking words can be positioned at the start or end of a sentence. c. There are no rules about where linking words can be positioned in a sentence. d. Linking words can be positioned at the middle or end of a sentence.
  • Which word is spelled incorrectly ? a. nonethemless b. consequently c. similarly d. likewise
  • Which word has a similar meaning to ‘sum up’? a. in conclusion          b. in addition          c. in contrast
  • I eat lots of vegetables, _______________ carrots, broccoli and peppers. a. such as b. similarly          c. therefore
  • Jason’s income has decreased in recent months, ________ he needs to be careful with money. a. although b. therefore          c. however
  • The weather here reaches around -10ºC in winter, ________ the summer is quite warm. a. whereas    b. so c. in addition
  • _____________ measure the dry ingredients and put them in a bowl. a. in spite of this      b. first          c. hence
  • You can use a paper dictionary to check vocabulary. _________, you can use an electronic dictionary. a. in any case b. subsequently c. equally d. for instance
  • Eating healthy food can have an impact on your weight and your health. ____________, you should try to limit your consumption of fatty food. a. rather b. in particular c. despite this d. while
  • There are many ways to read a book electronically. _________, many people still choose to buy paperback books. a. to sum up          b. yet      c. for example        d. what is more
  • Many people like the convenience of working solo from home. _____________, working with other people can be more motivating. a. for instance      b. therefore        c. nonetheless        d. conversely
  • Which word does not fit in this group of linking words? a . on the other hand b. nevertheless c. however      d. finally
  • Which word does not fit in this group of linking words? a. as a matter of fact b. in fact    c. whereas    d. actually  
  • Which linking words are used to add information? a. similarly, equally, likewise b. to conclude, in conclusion, in summary c. on the other hand, whereas, however d. in addition, furthermore, what is more
  • Which linking words are used to make comparisons? a. similarly, equally, likewise b. to conclude, in conclusion, in summary c. on the other hand, whereas, however d. in addition, furthermore, what is more
  • Which linking words are used for summing up? a. similarly, equally, likewise b. to conclude, in conclusion, in summary c. on the other hand, whereas, however d. in addition, furthermore, what is more
  • Which linking words are used to contrast ideas? a. similarly, equally, likewise b. to conclude, in conclusion, in summary c. on the other hand, whereas, however d. in addition, furthermore, what is more


  • nonetheless

linking words in essay example

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10 Tips to Prepare Your Academic English for University

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  • Academic writing
  • Commonly confused words
  • Critical thinking
  • PEEL Paragraphs
  • Linking/transition words
  • Paraphrasing
  • Proofreading
  • Terms and definitions
  • Action Words: What is description, application, analysis and evaluation

Linking/transition words: Things you need to know...

All assignments are written in formal language.   You need to ensure that you demonstrate your knowledge and understanding alongside your ability to answer the question/solve the problem. 

Below are some ideas to help you to develop your structure and flow.

  • Linking / transition words and phrases join ideas, sentences and paragraphs together. They should be used within sentences and to move from one idea to another (between sentences).   

These words and phrases indicate the direction, order and flow of ideas. Significantly, they strengthen the quality and structure of your work.

  • Redundant Words - less is more.  P articularly when trying to reduce the word count, it is important to look for phrases which can be replaced with a single word.

Linking/Transition Words

Transitions link one main idea to another separated by a semi-colon or full-stop.  When the transition word is at the beginning of the sentence, it should be followed by a comma:

Among other functions, they can signal cause and effect or sequencing (see examples in the table below).

Linking words: conjunctions

Linking words within a sentence  are referred to as coordinating conjunctions.  Do not worry about the term: think about the function.

Conciseness / redundant words

Microsoft Word now has an additional feature within the Edito r - it is called conciseness or wordiness.  

  • If you cannot see the Editor menu a quick tip is to hold down the function (fn key at the bottom left of the keyboard) + F7 (top line of keys).
  • From the Refinements section - select Conciseness - if there are any suggestions a number will appear in the box alongside this option
  • A dotted line will appear under any groups of groups
  • Either select the identified text by clicking with your right mouse button OR click on the down down next to the Conciseness menu.
  • MS Word will display any alternative words which you can either select and they will be replaced in your text or reject if you want to keep the original phrases.

Examples:  try to replace phrases with a single words which mean the same.

Need to know more...

  • Related pages
  • External links
  • Academic writing Illustrates the main features of academic writing so that you are aware of what it is and what it involves
  • Critical Thinking Academic work involves thinking, not just accepting what you read or are told.
  • Terms and Definitions Important words appear in your assignments and examinations. The aim of this factsheet is to help you to fully understand what they mean.

Additional resources to help you to improve your confidence and grades:-

  • Writing Effectively  demonstrates the importance of: clarity, structure, relevance, argument and precision.
  • Writing Mechanics  gives further examples and resources on areas including: sentence structure, vocabulary, spelling, punctuation and grammar.

Linking/Transition words - Scribbr  https://www.scribbr.co.uk/syntax/transition-words-examples/ [Accessed 10 February 2023]

There are many books concerning academic writing, look around Dewey number  808

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Linking Words (Transitional Expressions)

Table of contents, introduction, what are linking words, why are linking words important.

  • 1. Expressing addition
  • 2. Expressing contrast
  • 3. Expressing cause and effect
  • 4. Expressing purpose
  • 5. Illustrating or Exemplifying
  • 6. Time and Sequencing
  • 7. Re-phrasing

8. Introducing Alternatives

9. comparing, 10. ananalyzing, 11. summarizing.

Linking words  in English, also known as transition words or cohesive devices, are words or phrases that enhance the flow of a sentence or paragraph by indicating the relationship between ideas. In this article, we will cover examples of these transitional words to help write cohesively and coherently.

Let’s start by understanding what we mean by linking words!

Linking words, also referred to as transition words, connectives, or cohesive devices, play a crucial role in enhancing the structure and coherence of written and spoken English.

These words and phrases serve as bridges between ideas, helping readers or listeners navigate through the text or speech more smoothly. They establish logical relationships between different parts of a sentence, paragraph, or discourse, making the overall communication more organized and comprehensible.

Examples of linking words include words for addition (e.g., in addition, furthermore, etc.), for contrast (e.g., however, but, etc.), for cause and effect (e.g., because, since, etc.), for purpose (e.g., so that, in order to, etc.), and for summarizing (e.g., in summary, in a nutshell, etc.).

Incorporating linking words within and between sentences and paragraphs enhances the logical flow of your writing. These words serve as valuable signposts, aiding your reader in navigating seamlessly from one idea to the next while elucidating the relationships between sentences or paragraphs.

A text without linking words lacks  cohesion , thereby undermining the creation of a coherent overall meaning. Consider the following two texts: the first is equipped with linking words, and the second is without. Observe how the inclusion of linking words significantly contributes to the overall coherence of the text.

Paragraph 1 (With Linking Words):

In the bustling city, the streets were alive with activity.  Moreover ,  the constant hum of traffic and the vibrant colors of city lights created a mesmerizing scene.  Despite  the urban hustle, a sense of harmony prevailed.  Additionally ,  the aroma of street food wafted through the air, enticing passersby.  However ,  beneath the surface of this dynamic cityscape, challenges lurked. The gap between the affluent and the underprivileged was evident.  Nevertheless ,  efforts were being made to address social inequalities and foster a more inclusive community.

Paragraph 2 (Without Linking Words):

In the bustling city, the streets were alive with activity. The constant hum of traffic and the vibrant colors of city lights created a mesmerizing scene. You could observe an urban hustle. A sense of harmony prevailed. The aroma of street food wafted through the air, enticing passersby. Beneath the surface of this dynamic cityscape, challenges lurked. The gap between the affluent and the underprivileged was evident. Efforts were being made to address social inequalities and foster a more inclusive community.

In Paragraph 1, the use of linking words like “Moreover,” “despite,” “Additionally,” “However,” and “Nevertheless” helps create a smooth and connected narrative, indicating additions, contrasts, and causal relationships between different ideas. The paragraph feels more cohesive and organized.

In contrast, Paragraph 2 lacks these linking words, resulting in a more disjointed and less structured narrative. The relationships between ideas are not explicitly highlighted, making it harder for the reader to discern the connections between different aspects of the city described.

Examples Of Linking Words In English

Like other languages, English has a lot of  cohesive devices  or  linking words  that can be used to express and join ideas.

Here are some examples:

1. Expressing Addition

To add information, you can use these expressions:

In addition – Additionally – As well (as) – Moreover – What is more – Not only…but also… – Furthermore – Besides – Also – Too – And

  • If the project fails this will have terrible consequences  not only  for our department but also for the whole organization
  • John’s grades are terrible because he has been so lazy these days.  In addition to this , his relationship with his parents got worse.
  • The report is badly written.  Moreover , it”s inaccurate.
  • The report outlines the current challenges faced by the industry.  Additionally ,  it suggests strategies for overcoming these challenges.
  • She excels in mathematics.  Besides , she’s a talented violinist.
  • I appreciate your kindness.  Also , your insights and help were valuable.
  • I want to visit Marrakech. My friend does  too .
  • She is skilled in graphic design  as well as  web development.
  • The company values teamwork. Individual achievements are recognized  as well .

2. Expressing Contrast

To express contrast, you can use these expressions:

Although – Even though – In spite of – Despite – However – Yet – Nevertheless – Nonetheless – On the contrary – Whereas – On the one hand …but on the other hand… – Conversely – In contrast – But

  • Brain drain has terrible consequences on developing countries.  Nevertheless , nothing has been done to solve the problem or at least reduce its negative effects.
  • D espite  Fred’s old age, he goes jogging every morning.
  • Although  she’s very nice, her classmates hate her.
  • They have got two children, a boy and a girl. The boy takes after his father  whereas  the girl takes after the mother.
  • On the one hand,  the new policy promotes environmental sustainability by reducing carbon emissions.  But on the other hand,  it poses economic challenges for industries reliant on traditional energy sources.
  • The popular belief is that multitasking enhances productivity.  On the contrary,  research suggests that it can lead to a decrease in overall efficiency.
  • While traditional teaching methods prioritize rote memorization, modern education emphasizes critical thinking and problem-solving skills.  Conversely,  some argue that a balance between the two approaches is essential for effective learning.

3. Expressing Cause And Effect

To express cause and effect, you can use these expressions:

Consequently – As a consequence – As a result – Therefore – Because of this – For this reason – Because – Since – As – For – Due to – Owing to

  • She remained silent,  for  she was too depressed to talk.
  • We can’t go to Sue’s party  because  we’ll be busy working on our project.
  • The plane was delayed  because of  the foggy weather.
  • He had spent most of his time hanging around instead of revising his lessons.  Consequently , he had a lot of trouble answering the exam questions.
  • She missed her flight.  Therefore,  she had to reschedule her entire travel itinerary.
  • The experiment yielded significant results;  because of this,  the researchers are planning further investigations.
  • The project faced unforeseen challenges.  For this reason,  the team decided to reassess the initial timeline.
  • Since  the new policy was implemented, there has been a noticeable improvement in employee morale.
  • The team worked diligently  for  they were determined to meet the project deadline.
  • The event was canceled  due to  the adverse weather conditions.
  • Owing to  the financial constraints, the company had to scale down its expansion plans.

4. Expressing Purpose

To express the purpose behind specific actions, the use of linking words that convey intention becomes crucial. Here are some illustrative examples:

In order to – in order not to – So as to – So as not to – to – Not to – So that – In order that

  • She wakes up early  in order to  be on time to work.
  • They visited him  so as to  offer their condolences for the death of his wife
  • He helped the new policewoman  so as not to  fail in her first mission.
  • She worked overtime  so that  she could complete the project before the deadline.
  • The team collaborated closely  in order that  each member’s expertise could contribute to the project’s success.

5. Illustrating Or Exemplifying

To effectively introduce examples and illustrations, incorporating appropriate linking words is essential. Below is a compilation of linking words specifically tailored for exemplifying and illustrating:

For example  –  For instance  –  Such as  –  Namely  –  To illustrate  –  In particular

  • Participating in regular physical exercise offers various advantages.  For example , it promotes cardiovascular health, strengthens muscles, and enhances overall well-being.
  • Learning a new language has numerous benefits.  For instance , it enhances cognitive abilities and opens up new cultural perspectives.
  • Many countries face challenges related to climate change,  such as  rising sea levels and extreme weather events.
  • The statistics indicate a significant increase in global temperatures over the past century.  To illustrate , the average global temperature has risen by approximately 1.2 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century, with notable consequences such as the melting of polar ice caps and shifts in weather patterns.
  • The new policy aims to address several issues,  in particular , improving access to education and healthcare.

6. Time And Sequencing

At times, incorporating connectors that convey time relationships or sequence events can enhance the clarity of your message. Here are some illustrative examples:

Meanwhile – Subsequently – Afterward – First (ly) – Second (ly) – Third (ly) – Another – Additionally – Finally – Lastly – Ultimately – Subsequently – Eventually – Next – Then

  • Meanwhile , as the research continued, new data emerged, altering the initial hypothesis.
  • The team completed the initial phase of the project successfully.  Subsequently ,  they proceeded to the next stage of development.
  • The conference will address key issues in the morning session.  Afterward ,  participants will engage in workshops to discuss practical solutions.
  • Firstly ,  the company focused on restructuring its internal processes.  Secondly ,  it implemented new technology for enhanced efficiency.  Lastly ,  it initiated a training program for employees.
  • The project involves several stages.  Another  critical aspect is the detailed analysis of market trends.
  • The team worked diligently on the proposal.  Finally ,  they submitted it before the deadline.
  • The initial phase of the project focused on research and development.  Subsequently ,  the team moved on to the testing phase.
  • The technology company introduced a new product.  Eventually ,  it became a market leader in its category.
  • The team completed the planning phase.  Next ,  they will start implementing the proposed strategies.
  • The workshop covered theoretical concepts.  Then ,  participants engaged in hands-on activities to apply the knowledge gained.

7. Re-Phrasing

The following linking words aid in presenting alternative expressions or clarifying ideas, promoting a more nuanced and refined communication style:

In other terms – In simpler words – Put differently – To put it another way – In a different light

  • The concept may be challenging;  in other terms ,  it requires a deeper level of understanding.
  • The complex theory may be hard to grasp.  In simpler words ,  it suggests that…
  • The report indicates potential areas for improvement.  Put differently ,  there are opportunities to enhance performance.
  • The statistics highlight the economic impact.  To put it another way ,  these figures underscore the financial consequences.
  • The problem can be viewed from various perspectives.  In a different light ,  it may reveal new insights and solutions.

Some linking words are used to introduce alternatives to the preceding information. Here is a selection of such terms:

Or better – Instead of – Alternatively – Rather (than) – Or else – In lieu of – On the flip side – Otherwise

  • The initial approach proved ineffective.  Rather ,  a more strategic plan is needed for project success.
  • You can choose the standard shipping option, which takes 5-7 business days,  or better,  opt for expedited shipping for delivery within 2-3 business days.
  • The traditional method has its merits.  Alternatively ,  a modern approach could yield quicker results.
  • You can complete the assignment by Friday,  or else  request an extension.
  • Use the digital format  in lieu of  a printed copy for a more eco-friendly approach.
  • You can attend the morning session,  on the flip side,  the afternoon session is also available.
  • The deadline for the project is approaching.  Otherwise ,  there may be consequences for the entire team.

The following linking words assist in drawing parallels and highlighting similarities, facilitating a smoother comparison between different ideas or entities.

Similarly – Likewise -In the same way – Just as – Like – Similarly (to) -In comparison – By comparison – Compared to – In a similar fashion – In a similar vein

  • The new software interface enhances the user experience.  Similarly ,  the updated mobile app provides a more intuitive design.
  • Effective communication is essential in both personal and professional relationships.  Likewise ,  establishing trust is crucial in both contexts.
  • The project management team employs agile methodologies.  In the same way ,  the software development team adopts similar practices.
  • Just as  technology evolves rapidly, so does consumer behavior in response to these changes.
  • The marketing strategy aligns  similarly to  the tactics employed by successful competitors.
  • The two models differ in terms of performance.  In comparison ,  the latest version exhibits superior speed and efficiency.
  • The old system required manual data entry.  By comparison ,  the new system automates this process, reducing the likelihood of errors.
  • The current financial quarter shows positive growth.  Compared to  the previous quarter, there is a noticeable improvement.
  • The design philosophy is consistent across all products.  In a similar fashion ,  each item emphasizes simplicity and functionality.
  • The team handled the challenge  in a similar vein  to their approach in previous successful projects.

The following linking words aid in presenting logical connections and consequences when analyzing information or data.

Accordingly – The result is – Results are – The consequence is – It can be seen – Evidence illustrates that – Because of this – Thus – Hence – For this reason – Owing to – This suggests that – It follows that – In that case – That implies

  • The team optimized the workflow,  accordingly , improving overall efficiency.
  • The company implemented a new sales strategy.  The result is  a significant increase in revenue.
  • The latest marketing campaign targeted a specific demographic.  The results are  a higher engagement rate among the target audience.
  • The team invested in employee training programs.  It can be seen  that this led to a boost in employee morale.
  • The study analyzed the impact of social media on brand perception.  Evidence illustrates that  positive online interactions correlate with improved brand reputation.
  • The survey reveals a shift in consumer preferences.  Thus ,  businesses must tailor their products to meet changing demands.
  • The new software streamlines communication.  Hence ,  team collaboration has become more efficient.
  • The analysis of user feedback indicates a need for interface improvements.  This suggests that  user experience enhancements are necessary.
  • The study examined consumer habits over time.  It follows that  purchasing decisions are often influenced by social media trends.
  • The marketing strategy requires adjustments.  In that case ,  a thorough review of current market trends is necessary.
  • The experiment yielded unexpected results.  That implies  further investigation is required to understand the underlying factors.

When writing, incorporating transitional devices that succinctly summarize the discussed points is essential. Here are some illustrative examples:

In conclusion – To conclude – To sum up – In a nutshell – In brief – In short – All in all – Everything considered – Overall – To summarize

  • The research findings highlight the importance of sustainable practices in business.  In conclusion ,  companies must prioritize eco-friendly initiatives for long-term success.
  • The debate on climate change is complex and multifaceted.  To conclude ,  a comprehensive and collaborative approach is necessary for effective mitigation.
  • The presentation covered various aspects of the new product launch.  To sum up ,  the key features include enhanced functionality, user-friendly design, and competitive pricing.
  • The policy aims to streamline bureaucratic processes.  In a nutshell ,  the objective is to improve efficiency and reduce administrative bottlenecks.
  • The report delves into the economic impact of the global pandemic.  In brief ,  the findings indicate a recession with potential long-term consequences.
  • The seminar explored advancements in artificial intelligence.  In short ,  the speakers highlighted the transformative potential of AI across industries.
  • The project faced challenges, but the team persevered.  All in all ,  their dedication resulted in a successful outcome.
  • The proposed changes in the company’s structure require careful consideration.  Everything considered ,  a phased implementation plan would be most effective.
  • The discussion covered various perspectives on the future of renewable energy.  Overall ,  it emphasized the need for a sustainable and diverse energy portfolio.
  • The essay provides a comprehensive analysis of historical events.  To summarize ,  it traces the evolution of societal norms and their impact on cultural shifts.

These linking words aid in presenting a concise and coherent summary of information, reinforcing key points and bringing clarity to the conclusion of a text.

The following table summarizes and organizes the linking words, provides examples, and illustrates their sentence usage.

In conclusion, the integration of linking words is indispensable for crafting cohesive texts that ensure a seamless flow of ideas and sentences. The judicious use of these transitional devices not only enhances the coherence of your writing but also significantly contributes to its overall clarity, facilitating a more effective communication of thoughts and concepts.

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  • Transition sentences | Tips & examples for clear writing

Transition Sentences | Tips & Examples for Clear Writing

Published on June 9, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.

Clear transitions are crucial to clear writing: They show the reader how different parts of your essay, paper, or thesis are connected. Transition sentences can be used to structure your text and link together paragraphs or sections.

… In this case, the researchers concluded that the method was unreliable.

However , evidence from a more recent study points to a different conclusion . …

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Table of contents

Transitioning between paragraphs, transitioning to a new section, transitions within a paragraph, other interesting articles.

When you start a new paragraph , the first sentence should clearly express:

  • What this paragraph will discuss
  • How it relates to the previous paragraph

The examples below show some examples of transition sentences between paragraphs and what they express.

Placement of transition sentences

The beginning of a new paragraph is generally the right place for a transition sentence. Each paragraph should focus on one topic, so avoid spending time at the end of a paragraph explaining the theme of the next one.

The first dissenter to consider is …

However, several scholars dissent from this consensus. The first one to consider is …

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While transitions between paragraphs are generally a single sentence, when you start a new section in a longer text, you may need an entire transition paragraph. Transitioning to a new section involves summarizing the content of the previous section and expressing how the new one will build upon or depart from it.

For example, the following sentences might be an effective transition for a new section in a literary analysis essay.

Having established that the subjective experience of time is one of Mann’s key concerns in The Magic Mountain , it is now possible to explore how this theme facilitates the novel’s connection with World War I. The war itself is not narrated in the book, but rather hinted at as something awaiting Castorp beyond the final pages. In this way, Mann links his protagonist’s subjective experience of time to more than just his illness; it is also used to explore the period leading up to the outbreak of war.

As in academic writing generally, aim to be as concise as you can while maintaining clarity: If you can transition to a new section clearly with a single sentence, do so, but use more when necessary.

It’s also important to use effective transitions within each paragraph you write, leading the reader through your arguments efficiently and avoiding ambiguity.

The known-new contract

The order of information within each of your sentences is important to the cohesion of your text. The known-new contract , a useful writing concept, states that a new sentence should generally begin with some reference to information from the previous sentence, and then go on to connect it to new information.

In the following example, the second sentence doesn’t follow very clearly from the first. The connection only becomes clear when we reach the end.

By reordering the information in the second sentence so that it begins with a reference to the first, we can help the reader follow our argument more smoothly.

Note that the known-new contract is just a general guideline. Not every sentence needs to be structured this way, but it’s a useful technique if you’re struggling to make your sentences cohere.

Transition words and phrases

Using appropriate transition words helps show your reader connections within and between sentences. Transition words and phrases come in four main types:

  • Additive transitions, which introduce new information or examples
  • Adversative transitions, which signal a contrast or departure from the previous text
  • Causal transitions, which are used to describe cause and effect
  • Sequential transitions, which indicate a sequence

The table below gives a few examples for each type:

Grouping similar information

While transition words and phrases are essential, and every essay will contain at least some of them, it’s also important to avoid overusing them. One way to do this is by grouping similar information together so that fewer transitions are needed.

For example, the following text uses three transition words and jumps back and forth between ideas. This makes it repetitive and difficult to follow.

Rewriting it to group similar information allows us to use just one transition, making the text more concise and readable.

If you want to know more about AI tools , college essays , or fallacies make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!

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  • Linking Words & Connector Words: Ultimate List With Examples
  • Learn English
  • James Prior
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  • Updated February 23, 2024

Linking words

Linking words and connector words are essential tools for effective communication and writing. They play a crucial role in connecting ideas, enhancing coherence, and guiding the flow of information. Whether you’re writing an essay, giving a presentation, or engaging in a conversation, using appropriate linking words can greatly improve the clarity and effectiveness of your message.

In this ultimate list of linking words, we have compiled a comprehensive collection of linking words along with examples to help you understand their usage and apply them in various contexts. From words that highlight contrast and similarity to those that indicate cause and effect or order of importance, this list covers a wide range of linking words to suit different purposes.

Ready to link your words? Let’s get started!

Table of Contents

What are linking words?

Linking words, also known as connector words or transition words, are words or phrases that connect ideas or parts of a text, providing coherence and smoothness to the overall flow of information. They serve as bridges between sentences, paragraphs, or even larger sections of a document, helping to establish relationships, indicate contrasts, add information, show cause and effect, provide examples, and more.

Here are some common categories of linking words with examples:

Linking words for addition

Addition: Words that show the addition of information or ideas.

These linking words and phrases can help you add information, reinforce ideas, or provide further examples in your writing or conversation. Use them appropriately to expand on your points and enhance the overall coherence and richness of your communication.

  • She is fluent in English, and additionally, she speaks French and Spanish.
  • The report highlights the benefits of renewable energy; furthermore, it emphasizes the importance of conservation.
  • The new system not only improves efficiency but moreover, it reduces costs.
  • In addition to his regular job, he volunteers at a local charity.
  • She not only excels in academics but also actively participates in extracurricular activities.
  • The team consists of experienced professionals as well as enthusiastic newcomers.
  • The company values teamwork; likewise, it fosters individual growth and development.
  • Besides working full-time, he manages to pursue his hobbies and spend time with famil
  • The website offers free shipping; what’s more, customers can enjoy a 30-day money-back guarantee.
  • On top of their regular duties, employees are encouraged to take part in professional development opportunities.
  • Developing strong interpersonal skills is equally important as acquiring technical knowledge.
  • The event attracted a large audience, not to mention the media coverage it received.
  • Along with the new software update, customers will also receive enhanced customer support.
  • The company achieved its sales targets for the year; what is more, it surpassed them by 20%.
  • The team completed the project ahead of schedule; besides that, they received positive feedback from the client.
  • The company’s commitment to quality, coupled with its competitive pricing, sets it apart from its competitors.

Linking words for contrast

Contrast: Words that highlight differences or contrasting ideas.

These linking words and phrases can help you express contrasting ideas and show the differences between two or more concepts or situations. Remember to use them appropriately based on the context and your intended meaning.

  • She studied hard; however, she didn’t pass the exam.
  • John loves traveling; on the other hand, his sister prefers staying at home.
  • The weather was terrible; nevertheless, they decided to go for a walk.
  • He had a sprained ankle; nonetheless, he played in the soccer match.
  • Despite the rain, they went to the beach.
  • In spite of the traffic, they arrived on time.
  • Although it was late, they continued with their work.
  • Even though she was tired, she went to the gym.
  • I enjoy reading, while my brother prefers watching movies.
  • Sarah loves cooking, whereas her husband prefers eating out.
  • Unlike his friends, Mark is not a fan of horror movies.
  • She hates winter; conversely, I love it.
  • She expected him to be upset; on the contrary, he was happy.
  • They planned to go to the cinema, but instead, they stayed home and watched a movie.
  • The cat is small and playful, in contrast to the dog, which is big and lazy.
  • He enjoys sports; conversely, his sister prefers art.
  • On one hand, the book is interesting; on the other hand, it’s quite lengthy.
  • They could go by car, or alternatively, they could take the train.
  • The movie received mixed reviews; nevertheless, it became a box office hit.
  • She didn’t pass the test, but in any case, she learned a lot from studying.

Linking words for similarity

Similarity: Words that highlight similarities or shared ideas.

These linking words and phrases can help you express similarities between two or more ideas, situations, or individuals. Use them appropriately based on the context to highlight shared characteristics or experiences.

  • Sarah enjoys reading; likewise, her brother is an avid reader.
  • John and Emily both love hiking; similarly, they enjoy spending time in nature.
  • Just as Sarah likes swimming, in the same way, her best friend enjoys diving.
  • Jack has a passion for photography, similarly to his sister who is also an enthusiast.
  • Just like her mother, Jane has a talent for playing the piano.
  • The two artists approach their work in a similar vein, both using vibrant colors and bold brushstrokes.
  • Mark loves cooking, and by the same token, he also enjoys experimenting with new recipes.
  • As the workload increased, the stress levels of the employees correspondingly rose.
  • Both Sarah and Emily are equally skilled in playing the guitar.
  • The designer creates unique clothing pieces, and in a similar fashion, the jewelry maker crafts one-of-a-kind accessories.
  • Just as the sun rises in the morning, the moon appears in the evening.
  • The teacher explains complex concepts in a simple and understandable way, in the same manner as her colleague.
  • He enjoys hiking and camping, and his friends, likewise, too, share his enthusiasm for outdoor activities.
  • Just as a bird builds its nest with care and precision, in the same way, an architect plans and constructs a building.
  • The two books explore themes of love and loss, along similar lines, inviting readers to contemplate the human experience.
  • As with all great artists, Picasso’s work continues to inspire and influence generations.
  • Exercise is essential for physical health, and just as importantly, it is crucial for mental well-being.
  • Much like a puzzle, life consists of various pieces that fit together to form a bigger picture.

Linking words for cause and effect

Cause and Effect: Words that demonstrate cause and effect relationships.

These linking words and phrases can help you express the cause-and-effect relationship between events or actions. Use them appropriately based on the context to convey the reason and result of a particular situation or occurrence.

  • He failed the exam because he didn’t study.
  • They arrived early since they left home on time.
  • As a result of heavy rainfall, the streets were flooded.
  • The event was canceled due to bad weather conditions.
  • The store was closed, therefore, they had to find another place to shop.
  • He missed the train, consequently, he arrived late to the meeting.
  • Owing to a power outage, the concert was postponed.
  • She didn’t have enough sleep, thus, she felt tired throughout the day.
  • He couldn’t attend the party, for this reason, he sent his apologies.
  • The storm caused damage to the houses, resulting in the need for repairs.
  • The baby was hungry, so she started crying.
  • Lack of exercise and poor diet often leads to weight gain.
  • They missed the train because of heavy traffic.
  • The roads were icy, this is why there were many accidents.
  • They spent all their money, as a consequence, they couldn’t afford the trip.
  • He quit smoking, and since then, he feels healthier.
  • The company introduced a new product, and in turn, its sales increased.
  • She studied hard so that she could pass the exam.

Linking words for time and sequence

Time and sequence: Words that indicate time or sequence of events or actions.

These linking words and phrases can help you express the chronological order and sequence of events or actions. Use them appropriately to guide your audience through the progression of ideas or to outline the steps in a process or narrative.

  • Firstly, let’s discuss the main causes of climate change.
  • Secondly, we need to consider the potential solutions to the problem.
  • Next, we will move on to the implementation phase of the project.
  • We need to complete the research phase first. Then, we can start analyzing the data.
  • After that, we can proceed with the construction of the building.
  • The company experienced financial difficulties. Subsequently, they had to lay off several employees.
  • The team was working on the project. Meanwhile, the marketing department was preparing the promotional materials.
  • The two processes are happening simultaneously, ensuring efficient production.
  • The report will be ready in a week. In the meantime, please proceed with the other tasks.
  • During the meeting, we will discuss the budget and timeline.
  • While he was studying, his friends were playing video games.
  • Please wait here until your name is called.
  • We need to complete the paperwork before the deadline.
  • She attended the conference, and afterward, she shared her insights with the team.
  • Finally, we reached an agreement after a long negotiation process.
  • In the end, they decided to cancel the project due to budget constraints.
  • The presentation was engaging, and at the same time, informative.
  • Initially, he struggled with the new software, but with practice, he became proficient.
  • At first, the project seemed overwhelming, but with proper planning, it became manageable.

Linking words for order of importance

Order of Importance: Words that highlight the hierarchy or ranking of ideas based on their significance.

These linking words and phrases can help you establish the order of importance when presenting ideas or arguments. Use them to emphasize the significance of certain points, highlight key considerations, or guide the reader’s attention to the most critical aspects.

  • Most importantly, we need to prioritize the safety of our employees.
  • Above all, we must prioritize the needs of our customers.
  • The company’s success primarily depends on effective leadership and strategic planning.
  • First and foremost, we need to address the urgent issue of inflation.
  • The new policy chiefly focuses on reducing waste and promoting sustainability.
  • Notably, the project resulted in significant cost savings for the organization.
  • Above anything else, maintaining a high standard of quality is our top priority.
  • It is essential to note that effective communication is the foundation of strong relationships.
  • It is worth mentioning that the company’s ethical practices have earned it a positive reputation.

Linking words for exemplification

Example: Words that provide examples or illustrate a point.

These linking words and phrases can help you introduce examples and provide further clarification or evidence to support your statements. Use them to enhance your explanations and illustrate your points effectively.

Here’s a list of linking words and phrases that are commonly used to illustrate an example, along with examples:

  • There are many fruits you can choose from, for example, apples, oranges, and bananas.
  • Many countries have implemented environmental policies; for instance, Sweden has significantly reduced its carbon emissions.
  • I enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, and swimming.
  • The party was attended by several guests, including friends, family, and colleagues.
  • He has many hobbies, like painting, playing the guitar, and photography.
  • The company provides various employee benefits, as an illustration, health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off.
  • Let me give you an example to illustrate my point.
  • There are several endangered species in the area, namely the African elephant, the Bengal tiger, and the giant panda.
  • The city offers various attractions, in particular, museums, parks, and historical landmarks.
  • The project requires specific skills, specifically programming and data analysis.
  • By way of example, let’s consider the case of a successful startup that disrupted the market.
  • To give an example, let’s say you want to improve your fitness; you can try activities like jogging, swimming, or joining a gym.
  • The experiment was conducted to demonstrate the effects of temperature on plant growth.
  • As a case in point, many countries have implemented renewable energy initiatives to combat pollution.
  • I will use a specific scenario to exemplify how the new policy can be implemented effectively.
  • The job requires strong communication skills , in essence, the ability to express ideas clearly and persuasively.
  • The city has invested in renewable energy projects to reduce its carbon footprint. One example of this is the installation of solar panels on public buildings.
  • To be specific, the company offers three main product lines: electronics, appliances, and furniture.
  • The data collected serves as proof that the new marketing strategy is effective.
  • In a similar manner, many companies have embraced remote work as a response to the pandemic.

Linking words for focusing

These linking words and phrases can help you direct attention or emphasize a specific aspect of your discussion or argument. Use them appropriately to highlight the main points or focus areas, ensuring clarity and precision in your communication.

Here’s a list of linking words and phrases that are commonly used to express focusing or directing attention, along with examples:

  • Specifically, we need to address the issue of employee turnover in our department.
  • The marketing team has made significant progress, particularly in digital advertising.
  • In particular, we need to improve our customer service to enhance customer satisfaction.
  • Notably, the company achieved a record-breaking sales figure in the last quarter.
  • This task requires attention to detail, especially when dealing with sensitive data.
  • Specifically speaking, the new software update addresses the security vulnerabilities.
  • Above all, we must prioritize the safety of our employees.
  • The company’s success mainly relies on customer satisfaction and brand reputation.
  • The primary goal of our project is to reduce waste and promote sustainability.
  • Essentially, our focus should be on optimizing operational efficiency.
  • Individually, each team member plays a crucial role in achieving our objectives.
  • Precisely, we need to adhere to the project timeline to meet the deadline.
  • Specifically, with regards to customer feedback, we have received positive reviews.
  • The new product line has a sleek design, not to mention its advanced features.
  • It is worth noting that the market trends are shifting towards online shopping.
  • Above everything else, we need to prioritize the quality of our products.
  • In essence, our primary objective is to provide exceptional customer service.
  • To be more precise, we should focus on improving our supply chain management.
  • In specific terms, the sales team needs to focus on building client relationships.
  • More importantly, we need to address the concerns raised by our customers.

Linking words for conclusion

Conclusion: Words that summarize or conclude a text.

These linking words and phrases can help you signal the conclusion of your argument, presentation, or essay. Use them to summarize key points, restate your main argument, or provide a final thought or recommendation.

  • In conclusion, it is evident that deforestation poses a significant threat to our planet.
  • To sum up, the project was a great success, exceeding all expectations.
  • Ultimately, the decision lies in your hands.
  • All in all, it was a memorable vacation filled with adventure and relaxation.
  • Lastly, I would like to thank everyone for their hard work and dedication.
  • In summary, the findings of the study suggest a strong correlation between exercise and mental well-being.
  • To conclude, the evidence supports the hypothesis that regular exercise improves cardiovascular health.
  • The data collected consistently points to the same conclusion; therefore, we can confidently assert our findings.
  • In essence, the research demonstrates that social media has a profound impact on interpersonal relationships.
  • The campaign received widespread support, and as a result, donations increased significantly.
  • In a nutshell, the project aims to promote sustainability through renewable energy initiatives.
  • The experiments consistently yielded similar results; thus, we can draw a definitive conclusion.
  • The evidence strongly suggests a link between smoking and lung cancer; hence, it is crucial to raise awareness about the risks.
  • In light of these findings, it is necessary to reconsider the current educational policies.
  • The company faced financial challenges, and consequently, had to downsize its workforce.
  • In conclusion, it can be stated that effective communication is the key to successful teamwork.
  • Taking all factors into account, it is clear that globalization has both positive and negative consequences.
  • The lack of investment resulted in decreased productivity, as a consequence, the company experienced a decline in profits.
  • The study findings reveal a correlation between stress levels and sleep quality; thus, it can be inferred that managing stress positively affects sleep.
  • Given these points, it is evident that the project should be prioritized for its long-term benefits.

If you’d like more examples, check out this list of other ways to say in conclusion .

Conclusion: Ready to link your words?

These are just some examples of linking words, and there are numerous other linking words and phrases available for different purposes and contexts. Using them appropriately can greatly enhance the clarity and coherence of your writing or speech. So, if you want to become more fluent in English, it’s time to start thinking about linking words!

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Connecting ideas

How to connect ideas at the sentence and paragraph level in academic writing.

What is cohesion?

Cohesion refers to the way we use vocabulary and grammatical structures to make connections between the ideas within a text. It provides flow and sequence to your work and helps make your paragraphs clear for the reader.

Cohesive devices are words and expressions that show relationships between parts of text and ideas, such as cause and effect, time, addition, or comparison and contrast.

Watch the video to learn how to make your ideas link together and your narrative flow.

How can I create cohesion?

Let’s look at types of cohesive devices.

Linking words

Academic writing usually deals with complex ideas. To enable the reader to follow your thoughts, they need to be clearly and smoothly linked. To join ideas and sentences, we use a number of connecting words and phrases. For example:

Additionally, and, also, apart from this, as well (as), in addition, moreover, further, furthermore.

If, in that case, provided that, unless.

Correspondingly, equally, for the same reason, in a similar manner, in comparison, in the same way, on the one hand, similarly.

Alternatively, although, but, conversely, despite, even so, even though, however, in contrast, in spite of, instead, on the contrary, contrary to, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, on the other hand, rather, still, though, yet, whereas, while.

Again, in fact, interestingly, indeed, it should be noted (that), more important(ly), most importantly, to repeat, (un)fortunately, unquestionably.

A further instance of this is..., an example of this is…, for example, for instance, such as, thus, as follows.

In other words, more simply, namely, simply put, to put it differently / another way, such as, that is.

A / the consequence of, because, due to, for, the effect of …, since, the result of …

Accordingly, as a result/consequence, consequently, for this reason, hence, so, therefore, thus.

Admittedly, although, clearly though, even though, however, indeed, obviously.

As a rule, for the most part, generally, in general, in most cases, normally, on the whole, usually.

First, second, third (etc), next, before, earlier, finally, following, given the above, later, meanwhile, subsequently, then, to conclude, while.

A note about presentation and style

Check a usage guide for exact rules for punctuation. Many introductory phrases have a comma after them. For example, 'therefore,' and 'in addition,'.

Referring backwards

To avoid repeating words and phrases many times, we use cohesive devices to make references to other parts of a text, such as:

  • Pronouns: it, he, she, his, her, they, their
  • Demonstratives: this, that, these, those
  • Articles: a, the
  • Adverbs: previously, subsequently

The Australian prime minister has called an early election. The date was selected to coincide with the start of the Olympic Games. This decision was based on the views of his ministerial advisors, who predicted that voter confidence in the government’s policies would be strong at this time . As previously mentioned , decisions on the timing of elections are based on predictions of voter confidence in the existing government.

In the example above:

  • The date - refers back to the election date
  • This decision - refers to the prime minister calling an early election
  • His - refers to the Australian prime minister
  • this time - refers to the start of the Olympic Games
  • As previously mentioned - refers to all of the earlier information about the selection of election dates

Looking forward

We often use words and phrases to highlight new information for the reader. This helps make a smooth transition from one point to another. Such phrases include: the following, as follows, below, next, subsequently .

The following dates have been proposed for the forthcoming election: September 8, September 15 and 3 October.

The next issue to be discussed is the influence of the media on voter confidence in the government.

Connecting paragraphs

Apart from using the linking words / phrases above, showing the link between paragraphs could involve writing ‘hand-holding’ sentences. These are sentences that link back to the ideas of the previous paragraph. For instance, when outlining the positive and negative issues about a topic you could use the following:

Example (from beginning of previous paragraph):

  • One of the main advantages of X is…

When you are ready to move your discussion to the negative issues, you could write one of the following as a paragraph opener:

  • Having considered the positive effects of X, negative issues may now need to be taken into account…
  • Despite the positive effects outlined above, negative issues also need to be considered...

It is always important to make paragraphs part of a coherent whole text; they must not remain isolated units.

Checking for paragraph links in your own work

When you are editing your next written assignment, ask yourself the following questions as you read through your work (Gillett, Hammond, & Martala, 2009):

  • Does the start of my paragraph give my reader enough information about what the paragraph will be about?
  • Does my paragraph add to or elaborate on a point made previously and, if so, have I made this explicit with an appropriate linking word / phrase?
  • Does my paragraph introduce a completely new point or a different viewpoint to before and, if so, have I explicitly shown this with a suitable connective?
  • Have I used similar connectives repeatedly? If yes, try to vary them using the above list.

Strategies to improve cohesion

  • Select a piece of writing, preferably from a textbook or journal article, from your area of study.
  • Choose a paragraph and underline or highlight all the different forms of cohesion used, such as using linking words, referring backwards, looking forwards or adding synonyms.
  • Which forms are the most common?
  • Choose a couple that you think are effective and practice using them in your own writing.
  • Try to use a variety of ways to show the relationship between your ideas.

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The Ultimate List of Linking Words for Your Essay


Let’s face it: You can’t write an essay (or any other writing piece) without linking words.

Also known as connecting words or transition words, they serve to make your writing flow and help those reading your work follow the flow of your thoughts, ideas , and  arguments .

This post is your guide to linking words and their role in writing. Not only will you learn the types of these words, examples, and reasons to use them, but you’ll also get a massive list of transition words and phrases as well as linking words PDF to download and use whenever necessary.

Table of Contents:

What are Linking Words?

Why use transition words in essays, linking words examples, addition/agreement/similarity, contrast/contradiction/limitation/opposition, comparison/concession/condition, clarification, cause/effect/result, emphasis/example, generalization, illustration, location/place/space, reason/reference, time/sequence, summary/conclusion/restatement.

  • The Ultimate List of Linking Words: Download

Linking words are lexical items (words and phrases) we use to connect ideas in writing and get a reader to the next sentence or paragraph.

They aren’t about essay writing only:

Whether you write a fiction book,  marketing content , academic works,  autobiography , or poems, you’ll need to connect ideas. That’s what transition words do:

They link your thoughts and arguments into a chain to show how they relate to each other. Also known as transition words, these phrases often start a sentence or a paragraph. However, you’ll also use them in the middle of sentences to bring ideas together.

The most common places for linking words in essays are:

  • the start of a paragraph
  • the start of a sentence introducing a new idea or extending an argument 
  • the beginning of a concluding statement

Essay linking words is an integral part of academic writing. Put it simply, you can’t write a paper without using them; otherwise, your writing won’t make any sense for readers.

Transition words for essay serve to:

  • connect ideas in writing
  • create a flow of thoughts and arguments for readers to understand what you want to say
  • guide readers from one idea to another, demonstrating how they relate to each other
  • hook readers  and encourage them to read the next sentence or paragraph
  • add more information
  • support or contrast a point
  • show the result, conclude, demonstrate an effect of this or that point

Using essay maker and connecting words, each sentence and paragraph must pass readers on to the next one. These connecting words serve as an instrument to guide readers from one thought or point to the next.

Linking words examples are many, and it’s clear why: every piece of writing contains tons of connecting and transition words. Let’s take an essay sample from  Bid4Papers writers  to see the example of linking words in academic writing:


This one was an  essay introduction . 

Now, why not take a step further and look for essay linking words in  essay conclusions ?


Types and List of Linking Words to Use in Essays

Below you’ll find the ultimate list of transition words for essays by categories. Choose the role you need a word to play (reason, contrast, emphasis, restatement, etc.) and consider the corresponding table of transitions.

If you need the whole transition words list in one place, jump to the next category of this post to find the downloadable linking words pdf.

And now, for connecting words categories:

These words serve to add info to what you’ve previously stated, demonstrate the commonality between arguments, and support your thoughts.

Linking words for contrast is your instrument to show how things are different and provide counterarguments. They work best in  persuasive  and  critical  essays.

These lexical items will help you if you need to provide conditions to your statements, show how things are different/similar, or accept a point with reservation.

These words will help you with  personal  or  narrative essays: They are linking words in opinion writing that indicates you’re going to explore ideas in more detail.

Expository essays will win with these words too.

Cause and effect connecting words do what their name says exactly: demonstrating a cause of some point and providing the result of what has been done or started.

These words are for putting forward your point more forcefully, providing examples.

Perfect transition words for hypothesis essays , generalization lexical items serve to make a general statement you’ll then specify and prove in detail.

These words and phrases are for you to provide examples in essays.

Use these words to provide order and reference or clarify spatial relationships between your points or ideas.

These transitional words will help you demonstrate relationships between ideas and provide reasons for what and why has started or occurred.

Use these words in your essay when you need to indicate the time and order of what you say.

Restatement words will help you express an alternative to what you previously stated. They work for all essay types, including  rhetorical precis  and  dialectic essays .

Use summary and conclusion transitional phrases to sum up your points and come up with the final paragraph of your writing.

The Ultimate List of Connecting Words: Download

And now, for the most interesting and practical part:

Below you can find the linking words worksheet that gathers all the most commonly used transitional words in essays. Feel free to download this linking words PDF and refer to it every time you write an essay and experience writer’s block:


Do you need more guides and worksheets like this to assist you with academic writing? Please share your ideas in the comments, and our writers will be happy to help!

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Useful Linking Words and Phrases to Use in Your Essays

By: Author Sophia

Posted on Last updated: October 26, 2023

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Linking words and phrases are used to show relationships between ideas. They can be used to join two or more sentences or clauses.

We can use linking words to give a result , add information , summarize , give illustrations , emphasize a point , sequence information , compare or to contrast idea .

Useful Linking Words and Phrases

In this article, you will learn about the most common linking words and phrases:

Useful Linking Words and Phrases

Giving a Result

Usage : To provide the result of what has been stated or has occurred

Linking W ords :

  • As a result
  • As a consequence
  • Consequently
  • For this reason
  • His wife left him.  As a result , he became very depressed.
  • She has lived in France, and  as a consequence  she speaks French fluently.
  • We do not have enough money.  T herefore  we cannot afford to buy the new car.
  • We do not own the building.  Thus , it would be impossible for us to make any major changes to it.
  • There has been a great deal of rain and  consequently  the reservoirs are full.
  • The customer was displeased with her meal,  hence  the chef prepared a replacement.
  • For this reason , they are not a good choice for exterior use.
  • Due to  a broken wing, this bird can’t fly.

Useful Linking Words and Phrases

Adding Information

Usage : To add to what has been previously stated

Linking Words:

  • Additionally / an additional
  • Furthermore
  • As well as that
  • In addition
  • In addition to this
  • Apart from this
  • Additionally , the bus service will run on Sundays, every two hours.
  • He said he had not discussed the matter with her.  Furthermore , he had not even contacted her.
  • We are unable to repair this watch.  Also , this is the fourth time this has happened.
  • I love wearing earrings. I design and make them  too .
  • We went to the park today.  As well as that , we did some shopping.
  • Along with  parties and parliaments, elections have lost their charm.
  • I can’t afford to go to the concert.  Besides , I don’t really like classical music.
  • You haven’t paid the rent yet.   In addition , you owe me money.
  • The report is badly presented.  Moreover , it contains inaccuracies.
  • John’s grades are terrible because he has been so lazy these days.  In addition to this , his relationship to his parents got worse.
  • Apart from this  paragraph, the report contains a number of sensible initiatives.

Adding information


Usage : To sump up what has been previously stated

Linking words :

  • In conclusion
  • To summarize
  • To conclude
  • In conclusion , walking is a cheap, safe, enjoyable and readily available form of exercise.
  • To summarize , this is a clever approach to a common problem.
  • The food was good and we loved the music.  Altogether  it was a great evening.
  • His novels belong to a great but vanished age. They are,  in short , old-fashioned.
  • To sum up , there are three main ways of tackling the problem…
  • In summary , this was a disappointing performance.
  • Briefly , our team is now one of the best in the world.
  • To conclude , I want to wish you all a very happy holiday season.

Giving Examples

Usage : To provide examples

Linking words:

  • For example/ For instance
  • In this case
  • Proof of this
  • There are many interesting places to visit in the city,  for example / for instance , the botanical garden or the art museum.
  • I prefer to wear casual clothes,  such as  jeans and a sweatshirt.
  • Including  Christmas Day and Boxing Day, I’ve got a week off work.
  • We need to concentrate on our target audience,  namely  women aged between 20 and 30.
  • I think I would have made a difference  in this case .
  • This building are a living  proof of this  existence, so we must preserve it.
  • I also make other jewellery  like  rings and bracelets.

Emphasizing a Point

Usage : To put forward a point or idea more forcefully

  • Undoubtedly
  • Particularly / in particular
  • Importantly
  • Without a doubt
  • It should be noted
  • Unquestionably
  • Undoubtedly , the story itself is one of the main attractions.
  • I don’t mind at all.  Indeed , I would be delighted to help.
  • Obviously , we don’t want to spend too much money.
  • I love silver earrings,  in particular  ones from Mexico
  • The car is quite small,  especially  if you have children.
  • Clearly , this will cost a lot more than we realized.
  • More importantly , can he be trusted?
  • He’s an  absolutely  brilliant cook.
  • I  definitely  remember sending the letter.
  • We still believe we can win this series  without a doubt .
  • I’m  neve r  surprised at what I do.
  • It should be noted  that   if you have something to note, then note it
  • Unquestionably , teaching has been a paramount part of his career.
  • Above all , this forest is designed for wear and tear.
  • This is  positively  the worst thing that I can even imagine.

Useful Linking Words and Phrases

Sequencing Ideas

Usage : To indicate the order of what is being said

  • First/ firstly (Second/ secondly, Third/ thirdly, Finally)
  • At this time
  • Subsequently
  • Lastly and most importantly
  • Last but not least
  • First and foremost
  • Firstly , I prefer the train because I can see the landscape.
  • At this time , the young man leapt into the air and flew off towards sunset.
  • They arrived on Monday evening and we got there the  following  day.
  • I had visited them three days  previously .
  • Your name is  before  mine on the list.
  • Subsequently , new guidelines were issued to all employees.
  • Above all , keep in touch.
  • Lastly, and most importantly , you should be optimistic.
  • Last but not least , I find I seriously cannot relate to women.
  • We will continue to focus on our players  first and foremost .

Sequencing Ideas

Comparing Ideas

Usage:  To show how things are similar

  • Compare / compare(d) to(with)
  • By the same token
  • In the same way
  • Correspondingly
  • Similarly , the basketball and hockey games draw nearly full attendance.
  • Equally , not all customers are honest.
  • Her second marriage was  likewise  unhappy.
  • She’s  just as  smart as her sister.
  • Working with housecats is  just like  working with lions or tigers.
  • Some people say I have a running style  similar to  him.
  • Having a power is not  the same as  using the power.
  • He gets the ball off quickly  compared to  two years ago.
  • Teenagers should be more respectful;  by the same token , parents should be more understanding.
  • Alex enjoys telling jokes;  in the same way/similarly/likewise ,his son adores funny stories.
  • Correspondingly , the roles each of them played were soon different.

Contrasting Ideas

Usage : To show how things are different

  • Nevertheless
  • On the other hand
  • Nonetheless
  • Despite / in spite of
  • In contrast (to)
  • Alternatively
  • Differing from
  • Contrary to
  • Unlike  most systems, this one is very easy to install.
  • There is little chance that we will succeed in changing the law.  Nevertheless , it is important that we try.
  • Laptops are convenient;  O n the other hand , they can be expensive.
  • The problems are not serious.  Nonetheless , we shall need to tackle them soon.
  • Despite/ In spite of  the rain, I went for a walk.
  • In contrast to  the diligent bee, the butterfly flies hither and yon with no apparent purpose.
  • The agency will make travel arrangements for you.  Alternatively , you can organize your own transport.
  • Northern European countries had a great summer.  On the contrary/conversely , Southern Europe had poor weather.
  • Even so , many old friends were shocked at the announcement.
  • Differing from  his white colleagues, he preferred instructing his scholars to the ambition of acquiring personal renown.
  • The situation in Ireland is quite  contrary to  this principle.

Useful Linking Words and Phrases

Linking Words for Essays | Images

Below is a handy list of words that are both useful and appropriate to academic language:

Linking Words for Essays

Other linking words to give an example or an illustration:

  • In  this  case,
  • In  another  case
  • Take  the  case  of
  • To  illustrate
  • As  an
  • Illustration
  • To  take  another  example
  • That  is
  • As  shown  by
  • As  illustrated  by
  • As expressed by

Linking Words for Essays

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  • Transition Words & Phrases | List & Examples

Transition Words & Phrases | List & Examples

Published on 20 October 2022 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on 15 March 2023.

Transition words and phrases (also called linking words, connecting words, or transitional words) are used to link together different ideas in your text. They help the reader to follow your arguments by expressing the relationships between different sentences or parts of a sentence.

The proposed solution to the problem did not work. Therefore , we attempted a second solution. However , this solution was also unsuccessful.

For clear writing, it’s essential to understand the meaning of transition words and use them correctly.

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Table of contents

When and how to use transition words, types and examples of transition words, common mistakes with transition words.

Transition words commonly appear at the start of a new sentence or clause (followed by a comma ), serving to express how this clause relates to the previous one.

Transition words can also appear in the middle of a clause. It’s important to place them correctly to convey the meaning you intend.

Example text with and without transition words

The text below describes all the events it needs to, but it does not use any transition words to connect them. Because of this, it’s not clear exactly how these different events are related or what point the author is making by telling us about them.

If we add some transition words at appropriate moments, the text reads more smoothly and the relationship among the events described becomes clearer.

Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Consequently , France and the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. The Soviet Union initially worked with Germany in order to partition Poland. However , Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941.

Don’t overuse transition words

While transition words are essential to clear writing, it’s possible to use too many of them. Consider the following example, in which the overuse of linking words slows down the text and makes it feel repetitive.

In this case the best way to fix the problem is to simplify the text so that fewer linking words are needed.

The key to using transition words effectively is striking the right balance. It is difficult to follow the logic of a text with no transition words, but a text where every sentence begins with a transition word can feel over-explained.

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There are four main types of transition word: additive, adversative, causal, and sequential. Within each category, words are divided into several more specific functions.

Remember that transition words with similar meanings are not necessarily interchangeable. It’s important to understand the meaning of all the transition words you use. If unsure, consult a dictionary to find the precise definition.

Additive transition words

Additive transition words introduce new information or examples. They can be used to expand upon, compare with, or clarify the preceding text.

Adversative transition words

Adversative transition words always signal a contrast of some kind. They can be used to introduce information that disagrees or contrasts with the preceding text.

Causal transition words

Causal transition words are used to describe cause and effect. They can be used to express purpose, consequence, and condition.

Sequential transition words

Sequential transition words indicate a sequence, whether it’s the order in which events occurred chronologically or the order you’re presenting them in your text. They can be used for signposting in academic texts.

Transition words are often used incorrectly. Make sure you understand the proper usage of transition words and phrases, and remember that words with similar meanings don’t necessarily work the same way grammatically.

Misused transition words can make your writing unclear or illogical. Your audience will be easily lost if you misrepresent the connections between your sentences and ideas.

Confused use of therefore

“Therefore” and similar cause-and-effect words are used to state that something is the result of, or follows logically from, the previous. Make sure not to use these words in a way that implies illogical connections.

  • We asked participants to rate their satisfaction with their work from 1 to 10. Therefore , the average satisfaction among participants was 7.5.

The use of “therefore” in this example is illogical: it suggests that the result of 7.5 follows logically from the question being asked, when in fact many other results were possible. To fix this, we simply remove the word “therefore.”

  • We asked participants to rate their satisfaction with their work from 1 to 10. The average satisfaction among participants was 7.5.

Starting a sentence with also , and , or so

While the words “also,” “and,” and “so” are used in academic writing, they are considered too informal when used at the start of a sentence.

  • Also , a second round of testing was carried out.

To fix this issue, we can either move the transition word to a different point in the sentence or use a more formal alternative.

  • A second round of testing was also carried out.
  • Additionally , a second round of testing was carried out.

Transition words creating sentence fragments

Words like “although” and “because” are called subordinating conjunctions . This means that they introduce clauses which cannot stand on their own. A clause introduced by one of these words should always follow or be followed by another clause in the same sentence.

The second sentence in this example is a fragment, because it consists only of the “although” clause.

  • Smith (2015) argues that the period should be reassessed. Although other researchers disagree.

We can fix this in two different ways. One option is to combine the two sentences into one using a comma. The other option is to use a different transition word that does not create this problem, like “however.”

  • Smith (2015) argues that the period should be reassessed, although other researchers disagree.
  • Smith (2015) argues that the period should be reassessed. However , other researchers disagree.

And vs. as well as

Students often use the phrase “ as well as ” in place of “and,” but its usage is slightly different. Using “and” suggests that the things you’re listing are of equal importance, while “as well as” introduces additional information that is less important.

  • Chapter 1 discusses some background information on Woolf, as well as presenting my analysis of To the Lighthouse .

In this example, the analysis is more important than the background information. To fix this mistake, we can use “and,” or we can change the order of the sentence so that the most important information comes first. Note that we add a comma before ‘as well as’ but not before ‘and’.

  • Chapter 1 discusses some background information on Woolf and presents my analysis of To the Lighthouse .
  • Chapter 1 presents my analysis of To the Lighthouse , as well as discussing some background information on Woolf.

Note that in fixed phrases like “both x and y ,” you must use “and,” not “as well as.”

  • Both my results as well as my interpretations are presented below.
  • Both my results and my interpretations are presented below.

Use of and/or

The combination of transition words “and/or” should generally be avoided in academic writing. It makes your text look messy and is usually unnecessary to your meaning.

First consider whether you really do mean “and/or” and not just “and” or “or.” If you are certain that you need both, it’s best to separate them to make your meaning as clear as possible.

  • Participants were asked whether they used the bus and/or the train.
  • Participants were asked whether they used the bus, the train, or both.

Archaic transition words

Words like “hereby,” “therewith,” and most others formed by the combination of “here,” “there,” or “where” with a preposition are typically avoided in modern academic writing. Using them makes your writing feel old-fashioned and strained and can sometimes obscure your meaning.

  • Poverty is best understood as a disease. Hereby , we not only see that it is hereditary, but acknowledge its devastating effects on a person’s health.

These words should usually be replaced with a more explicit phrasing expressing how the current statement relates to the preceding one.

  • Poverty is best understood as a disease. Understanding it as such , we not only see that it is hereditary, but also acknowledge its devastating effects on a person’s health.

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Linking Words: List of Sentence Connectors in English with Examples!

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Struggling to connect ideas? ‘Connectors in English’ have your back. Connect, express, and impress – all with Connectors in English!

Connectors Definition

Linker Words or Word Connectors are used to link large groups of words: phrases and sentences . You can also use them to connect paragraphs to give them coherence. Sentence connectors are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence and may be categorized as follows:

  • This restaurant has the best kitchen in town. However, their staff are quite rude.


  • House prices have gone up this year. In contrast, car prices seem to be stagnating.


  • I was in so much pain I didn’t want to get up in the morning. Nevertheless, I went to football practice as usual.


  • I don’t think Sean has serious behavioural problems. Nonetheless, I’ll talk to him first thing in the morning.
  • I’ve asked you a thousand times not to leave your dirty socks on the floor. Yet, you keep doing it.


  • England has the best language schools. On the other hand, it has the worst weather.


  • Going out with Jim has its risks. By comparison, being with Tim is as easy as falling off a log.


  • I don’t hate Jim. On the contrary, I’m rather fond of him.
  • I didn’t want to take a side in the argument. Instead, I put my headphones on and listened to some smooth jazz.


  • I was thinking of going round Jim’s place. In any case, I haven’t been invited.


  • Yes, he’s very good-looking. All the same, I don’t think you should go out with him.

Read more: Other ways to say ON THE OTHER HAND!

transition in a sentence



  • You can’t give your phone number to every man who asks for it. Likewise, you can’t go out with everyone who fancies you.


  • You’re not allowed to use your phone here. Similarly, you have to switch it off when you’re in the library.


  • She’s an excellent photographer. Correspondingly, her paintings are works of art.


  • Cutting down on sugar will help you lose weight. In the same way, doing more exercise will help you get rid of a few kilos.
  • I want to talk to Prince Harry when I’m in England. Also, I want to meet his sister-in-law.

Read more: Difference between COMPARED TO and COMPARED WITH

linker words


  • I’ve done a pranic healing course. As a result, I’ve been able to cure my neighbour’s sick cat.


  • Zack has skipped school on many occasions. As a consequence, he’s failed his French test.


  • We’re going to experience some meteor showers in the next few days. Therefore, the number of miraculous self-healings will rise.
  • You didn’t tell me you wanted to come. Thus, we won’t be taking you with us.


  • Plenty of tourists visit the area in summer. Accordingly, selling hand-made objects is the main source of income for locals.

Read more: 6 Ways to Improve Your English Writing Skills




  • First of all, I’d like to talk about the benefits of having a pet pig.


  • To begin with, pet pigs are cleaner than dogs.


  • For one thing, they’re completely loyal to their owners.


  • Secondly, their impressive numeracy skills must be mentioned.


  • For another thing, you might want to consider how cute they look in pyjamas.


  • In the third place, you can always count on your pet pig to perform some tricks for you when you’d like to impress a pretty girl.
  • Also, they don’t eat much.
  • Besides not eating much, they won’t ever chew on your electric cords.


  • In addition, they can be taught to feed themselves if you allow them access to your pantry.


  • Furthermore, they make wonderful walking buddies.


  • Moreover, they’ll show you the way home when you’re drunk.


  • Finally, pet pigs are fantastic guards. No burglar would ever have the heart to hurt a pet pig.


  • Lastly, your reputation as an eccentric will rapidly grow in the neighbourhood if you’re seen walking a pet pig on a leash every morning.

Read more: 18 Powerful Websites to Improve Your Writing Skills in English




  • I’d like to talk to you about how to keep calm at your workplace. Most importantly, never go to the canteen while your boss is there.


  • You’ll have to focus on your immediate surroundings. Primarily, on your computer screen.


  • Above all, don’t ever look up from your notes when people are around.


  • Most significantly, avoid eye-contact at all costs.

5. ESSENTIALLY, BASICALLY (usually spoken)

  • How can I put this? Essentially, having an affair with one of your colleagues should be the last thing on your mind.

Read more: 7 Special Apps To Quickly Improve Your Typing Speed




  • Nearly a third of marriages end in divorce. In particular, it’s middle-aged couples that yearn for much more from life.


  • Couples tend to argue about financial issues. More specifically, they argue when one of them is out of work.

Read more: How Many Types of Expressions there are in English?

words connectors



  • To solve this problem, you might want to try making small gestures. For example, making your spouse’s favourite meal for dinner or giving him a massage after a tiring day.


  • Appreciate the small things your spouse does for you. For instance, leave thank-you notes for them every now and then.


  • Misunderstandings can be highly destructive. To illustrate, if your spouse sees you with a friend of the opposite sex in a café, he might not understand why he hasn’t been invited and demand an explanation.

Read more: Other ways to say for example?



  • Keep romance alive. That is to say, don’t let your lovelife fall into routine.
  • I have a very good reason for not trusting my ex. Namely, he’s a convicted felon.


  • Don’t be unsociable. In other words, go out and make some friends.


  • John has managed to get over Jane. Put differently, he’s started seeing other women.

Read more: 10 Common English Expressions with Explanation (Video)



  • I love sleeping with my pet pig. As a matter of fact, I can’t fall asleep unless he’s in my bed.
  • I told them not to invite Rachel to the party. In fact, I was the only person who saw what a party pooper she really was.


  • I think it would be a good idea to send her some flowers. Actually, you should get her a hundred orchids.
  • He may be the best-dressed man around. Indeed, he has a really good taste in fashion.

Read more: Essential Academic Writing Examples and Phrases!


1. AS FOR (often suggests disinterest or dislike)

  • I’m going to Janet’s party at the weekend. As for Mary’s, I think I’ll pass.


  • Starting your own IT company may be the one of the best things you can do right now. With respect to opening a pet shop, it’s hard to say the same thing.


  • Start your day with making the most important phone calls. Regarding emails, you might put them off until later.


  • With regard to handling complaints, you might want to keep in mind that your customers are always right.


  • Working from home has many advantages. As regards disadvantages, it might be difficult to keep your cat off your keyboard.


  • Talking of cats, you can’t trust them to keep you company when you need it. They’re quite selfish creatures.


  • As far as dogs are concerned, they might give you a chance to get up from your desk and get some exercise during the day.

Read more: English Grammar: Sentence Structure in English



  • In conclusion, it may be said that pigs make the best pets.


  • Meeting my boss at the pub was an interesting experience. In brief, it was a disaster.


  • In summary, it may not be the best idea to frequent the same pubs as your boss.


  • To sum up, some people are better suited to working from home than others.


  • All in all, you have to make sure both you and your customers are satisfied with your work.

Read more: What are the other ways to say in conclusion ?


  • I thought it was a good idea to get a ferret. Rather, it had always been my dream to get one.


  • You might want to change a few things. To be more precise, I think you should start again from scratch.

Read more: Best English Grammar and Spelling Checkers Online


  • It wasn’t a piece of cake to learn English. At first, I couldn’t pronounce all the words correctly.
  • Then, I couldn’t spell all the words correctly.


  • Afterwards, I had a hard time understanding the tenses.
  • Later, I couldn’t memorize phrasal verbs and idioms.


  • In the meantime, I was getting some help from MyEnglishTeacher .


  • Meanwhile, I was enjoying my skype lessons more and more.

Read more: A Visual List of 100 English IDIOMS FOR TIME with Examples


(of what was said before)

  • I couldn’t get my head around the Passive Voice. Anyway, I don’t think it’s important to use it all the time.
  • Anyhow, I’ve just decided to learn Russian next.


  • At any rate, I don’t want to become a simultaneous interpreter in five languages.

Linking Words Quiz › TEST YOURSELF

  • On the other side
  • To begin with
  • Just as / so too
  • Another / like
  • Likewise / equally
  • As a result
  • All the same
  • At any rate
  • For one thing
  • In the back
  • On top of that
  • Subsequently
  • Furthermore
  • Despite this
  • Accordingly
  • In particular
  • As far as / thinking
  • However / asked
  • As for / treated
  • As far as / concerned
  • Nevertheless
  • In contrast
  • Soon / After
  • Before / After
  • Firstly / Secondly
  • Now / Later
  • In other words
  • Along those lines
  • On the other hand

👉  Connectors Synonyms

Connectors are not only used in grammar . Connectors are things that are used to connect or tether two, or more, things together. There are many different synonyms for connectors:

  • Bond, coupling, joint, link, adapter, clamp, fastener, junction, tie, terminal, plug, fitting, splicing, fastener, sleeve, etc.

👉  Sentence Definition

A sentence is a set of words that forms a coherent and complete thought and message. This means that a sentence says something concrete. It has to be structured and logical in order for the sentence to be correct.

Sentences are made up of various parts , such as: nouns, verbs, adjectives, pronouns, articles, etc. Within a sentence, there are parts that relate the thought and message , such as: subject, predicate, object, phrase, punctuation, etc. Each of these parts is important for a sentence to be complete.

Through sentences we tell other people what we think, feel, or what we want to do . In order to relate those thoughts we string together words into groups. These finally relate our message to other people and the world.

There are four different types of sentences , and each has its own specific goal and structure. These types are: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.


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One of the best posts I’ve ever read here. Congrats!!

It’s awesome so useful and practical thanks a million. I’m gonna share it with my friends.

Daniel Deressa

I liked it so much. Thank you Mr/Mrs tutor.

Durga Karki

Indeed, it refreshing our vocabulary


Thank you very much!! This must be by far one of the greatest post I’ve seen to improve my writing skills and expand the vocabulary of connectors. Therefore 😉 , I will add to my list of resources and share with my friends

So glad! 😃❤️


Thanks a ton, teacher!

Sure, anytime!

Simran kalsi

Thankyou soo muchhh for this usefull info..

pathmawathy anuratharan

Thank you so much for this useful

Mathew TD

Excellent exercise

My great thanks

It is highly appreciated


Thanks a lot

you are welcome!


Helpful post! You have nicely divided all the connectors in group like result, time, explanation, conclusion …. and present them with accurate examples. Everything is easy to grab. Thanks for sharing this rare post.

Thank you so much Mohan! I’m glad you loved it!

Akande Kola

Thanks for this usefull lessons. They are highly educattive.

Thank you so much!


So far this is the best post I’ve ever seen. I find it hard to use those connectors in statements. I can speak basic English and sometimes not concise with my statements because I’m not good in using connectors in English. Thank you for this great post. It will help a lot of speakers to become articulate with the language.

Thank you so much Oscar for your feedback!


Thanks millions for posting the tables of connecting sentences. Have a great life


I love this array of connectors. Great selections to fit our lesson. Thank you to all who are part of this website and contributors. God bless you all!


Thank you so much Mica.

Concept Mastery

Linker words, also known as sentence connectors, play a crucial role in connecting phrases, sentences, and paragraphs for enhanced coherence in writing. In terms of contrast, words like “however,” “in contrast,” and “nevertheless” emphasize opposing ideas. For expressing similarity, “likewise,” “similarly,” and “correspondingly” are effective. Result-oriented connectors include “as a result,” “therefore,” and “accordingly,” signaling outcomes or consequences. These words help create a logical flow within text, ensuring a smooth transition between ideas. Whether highlighting differences, similarities, or results, these connectors contribute to cohesive and well-structured writing, facilitating the comprehension of complex information.


Its very useful , thank you.

Thank you so much Himali!


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Linking Words To Use In An Essay

linking words in essay example

Table of Contents

Concerned that your essay isn’t logical or has enough structure? You can include linking words, or transition words to make it stronger.

An essay is a crucial type of academic paper. It needs to have a clear flow so that the readability is perfect. Precisely stated, the sentences you create should naturally flow into one another. However, using linking words helps ensure that the sentences in your essay make sense. The words serve as the perfect linkers and overpasses to break up sentence segmentation. Additionally, these words can be used to present a conclusion, provide details, summarise, highlight a point, arrange material, compare and contrast ideas, and give illustrations. You might not be aware of these words and how to use them in your essay writing. Don’t worry. We are here to help you! This blog of All Assignment Help will let you know all about linking words and how you can use them in your essay writing to make it more effective and readable.

What are Linking Words?

Linking words are those words that showcase a connection between sentences. They help in forming the uniformity in the essay. Often referred to as transition words, these words serve to establish a connection between paragraphs or other essay sections. Linking words serves as a means of connecting the ideas or thoughts expressed in essays.

Moreover, the use of linking words makes your writing look more logical. Thus, you should use proper linking words to reduce the reading efforts of the readers. Your essay shouldn’t cause readers mental strain to understand it. Therefore, it is essential to make things simple for them.

Essays commonly use linking words in the following places:

  • The beginning of a paragraph
  • Beginning of a statement that expands on an argument or presents something new
  • At the start of a concluding statement

However, you need to use the right to link it from one another sentences or paragraphs. For example, when you are writing an argumentative essay , you need to make sure the flow of linking words is correct and logical so that the argument you are presenting sounds accurate.

Read Here: Words You May Find Confusing

The Reasons Behind Using Linking Words in Essays

Essay sentences that link is a crucial component of academic writing. To put it another way, you cannot write a paper without using them. Otherwise, readers will not understand what you have written. Linking words in the essay are used to:

  • Link concepts in your writing
  • Organize your ideas and arguments so that readers can follow along and grasp what you are trying to communicate.
  • Lead readers from one concept to the next while highlighting their connections.
  • Draw readers in and encourage them to continue reading the following sentence or paragraph
  • Provide more details
  • Strengthen or disprove an argument
  • Show the outcome, draw a conclusion, and illustrate how this or that point is affected

Every phrase and paragraph in an essay must lead the reader to the next one using essay maker and connecting words. The purpose of these transitional words is to help readers move from one idea or point to the next.

Three Main Types of Linking Words

There are three main types of linking words i.e. coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions, and correlative conjunctions. Let’s discuss these three more briefly.

Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions are utilized to join two or more equally important items. Another name for them is FANBOYS, which is a shorthand for For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, and So.

For example, she is putting a lot of effort into her studies to gain admission to a reputable university.

Subordinating Conjunctions

A subordinate clause is joined to a main clause by a subordinating conjunction. However, the supporting clause cannot stand alone as a sentence and is of lesser significance than the main clause.

For example, she stayed home from work because she felt sick.

Correlative Conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions are utilized in pairs to connect two things of equal value. They are used to illustrate the connection between two concepts.

For example, not only did she finish her work, but she also helped her colleagues.

You can learn about the types of linking words by taking an online course. You can also hire someone to take your online class for you to get professional assistance which will help you in acing your online course with great credits.

Useful Linking Words for Essay Writing

It is not an easy task to compose a compelling essay. If you want to make your essay more appealing and expressive, focus on research, presentation, and persuasion. However, if you don’t have a knack for writing, then you will fail miserably in forming a logical essay with judicial use of linking words.

There are various categories of linking words one can use while writing an essay. Here, you will share the main categories and word lists to be used while framing an essay.

linking words

Linking Words List for Agreement/Addition/Similarity

Using linking words can help the reader understand further remarks or concepts in a statement. They might also convey agreement or similarities. These words are also known as additive transition words, which are often utilized in narrative and explanatory essay writings. The words used to link in such context are:

  • In the first place
  • As a matter of fact
  • In like manner
  • In addition
  • Not only, but also
  • In the same manner
  • First, second, third
  • Not to mention
  • In the light of
  • Furthermore
  • Comparatively
  • At the same time
  • Together with
  • Identically

List Of Linking Words for Sequence/Order

Any kind of essay needs to have flow. Your essay will lose its brilliance if there is a lack of consistency or logical flow of ideas. Here is a linking word list that helps by showing a sequence order in the essay.

  • First/ Second/ Third or Firstly/ secondly/ Thirdly
  • Primary/ Secondary
  • At this point of time
  • Concurrently
  • First of all
  • Following this
  • The next step
  • In the beginning
  • It all started when
  • Once upon a time
  • To begin with/ To start with

Linking Word List for Opposition/Limitation/Contradiction

However, certain linking words provide additional information, these transitional words and phrases convey opposing concepts in writing. These are:

  • Although this may be true
  • In contrast
  • Different from
  • On the other hand
  • On the contrary
  • Nonetheless
  • Even so/though
  • Nevertheless

List Of Words for The Conclusion

An essay with a strong conclusion is considered to be excellent. Unfortunately, most students conclude their essays with nearly the same words, but you have the opportunity to do so here. Look at the linking words list for an excellent conclusion:

  • To conclude
  • In conclusion
  • On the whole
  • Summarising
  • By and large
  • All things considered
  • In the long run
  • For the most part
  • By the large
  • Consequently
  • As a result

Linking Word List to Give Place/Location/Geographical Area

They can be used alone or in combination with words from other categories. They are almost often used together with other terms from the aforementioned groups. They are used to define, limit, or restrict space like the time ones. However, students often face difficulties when using linking words to write about a place and location, which ultimately leads them to buy online essay writing help from professionals. Here is your list of words that you can use to give a location or place.

  • in the background
  • in the center of
  • adjacent to
  • opposite to
  • to the left/right
  • on this site

List of Linking Words for Examples/Support/Emphasis

Transition words that provide examples or strengthen an idea might be used in your essay writing. Here is a list of words that can be used to improvise such contexts:

  • In other words
  • To put it differently
  • For one thing
  • In particular
  • As an illustration
  • In this case
  • For example
  • For instance
  • For this reason
  • To put it another way
  • To demonstrate
  • That is to say
  • With attention to
  • By all means
  • To emphasize

Words for Reason/Reference

You can use these linking words to explain connections between concepts and give explanations for what has started or happened.

  • for the purpose of
  • seeing that
  • with this in mind
  • as applied to
  • the fact that
  • granted that
  • in order to
  • with this purpose
  • considering
  • in connection to
  • with regards to
  • provided that

Linking Words for Time/Chronology/Sequence

Another function of linking words in literature is to illustrate chronology or sequence. These expressions give time a meaning that is included in the time category. These are the types of words that appear in the introduction of an essay when a writer outlines the structure of the work.

  • Sooner or later
  • Up to the present time
  • To begin with
  • Straightaway
  • In the meantime
  • In a moment
  • Without delay

Linking Words for Outcomes/Impacts/Repercussions

These particular words are used to demonstrate how one item affected another, to illustrate the outcomes of an action, or to demonstrate how something affected something else. A short list of transitions that work well for this specific category is shown below.

  • consequently
  • for this reason
  • in that case
  • as a result

Also Read: Your Guide Towards Writing An Outstanding Short Essay!

Final Thoughts!

The importance of linking words in essay writing cannot be overstated. These words are crucial for connecting concepts and making your essay read as a cohesive whole. Your essay will flow more naturally the more well-organized your thoughts are. Additionally, your writing will have a logical framework and an engaging read when you make use of linking words correctly.

However, to learn more about these words, you can choose to sign up for an online English class. An online English class will help you boost your knowledge about linking words and how you can use them in your writing. Furthermore, whenever you find yourself struggling with your English class and want to pay someone to take my online English class for me, you can hire an online class helper who will be there to take your worries aside.

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Useful Linking Words for Writing Essays in English

Posted on Last updated: July 20, 2019

Useful Linking Words for Writing Essays in English

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Linking Words ! This page provides a list of useful linking words for writing essays in English for ESL learners.

Table of Contents

Linking Words

Linking words or transition words are words phrases used to connect one idea to the next. Learn linking words list in English.

  • In addition
  • Furthermore
  • Not only … but also
  • Besides this
  • In the same way
  • On the other hand
  • In spite of
  • On the contrary
  • Nonetheless
  • Even though
  • In contrast
  • Alternatively
  • In the first stage
  • To begin with
  • Another reason
  • Another advantage
  • At this point
  • Following this
  • A further reason
  • In the final stage
  • The final reason


  • As a result
  • Consequently
  • It follows that
  • In that case
  • Undoubtedly
  • The reason why
  • In other words
  • In order to
  • Provided that
  • Depending on
  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To recapitulate

Linking Words & Phrases | Infographic

Useful Linking Words for Writing Essays in English

Golani .Chandrakant

Monday 6th of November 2023

Increase of vocabulary, Increase of knowledge

Pombé Guirki Dimitri

Sunday 5th of November 2023

Alright thank you so much! I'm so glad added those in my knowledges

Thursday 20th of January 2022

i dont know what to say but waaaaasssssuuuuupppp

Thursday 22nd of April 2021

thx this is awesome it helps me a lot

Anna Kołodko

Wednesday 24th of February 2021

Thank you for sharing - now I have a full picture what is linking word at all, how many linking words there are and how it is used. :)


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    50 linking words to use in academic writing. academic writing. linkers. essay writing. thesis. ESL. English. It's very common for students to use long words they don't understand very well in their essays and theses because they have a certain idea of what academic writing should be.

  4. 75 linking words for academic writing (+examples)

    Linking words play an important role in academic writing: They connect different paragraphs, sections or ideas in a text. Therefore, they considerably improve the readability and argumentation of academic texts such as a thesis, dissertation, essay or journal publication. This list of 75 linking words includes examples of how they can be used in academic

  5. Linking Words And Phrases In English (List With Examples)

    Examples include: first, secondly, finally and in conclusion. Adverbs, which express the writer's opinion, also occur at the start of a sentence, for example evidently and obviously. Linking words can be used between clauses, in the middle of the sentence. Examples include: words that contrast ideas ( however, although), show consequence ...

  6. Linking Words, Connecting Words: Full List and Useful Examples

    Linking Words to Add more Information. These words simply add additional information to your sentence or paragraph to show that two ideas are similar. Here are some examples: It started to rain and I got soaked - 'and' is the linking word that connects the two ideas of the individual being in the rain and getting soaked.

  7. Linking/transition words

    Linking/Transition Words. Transitions link one main idea to another separated by a semi-colon or full-stop. When the transition word is at the beginning of the sentence, it should be followed by a comma: Among other functions, they can signal cause and effect or sequencing (see examples in the table below). Additional comments or ideas.

  8. Mastering Linking Words: A Comprehensive Guide with Examples for

    In Paragraph 1, the use of linking words like "Moreover," "despite," "Additionally," "However," and "Nevertheless" helps create a smooth and connected narrative, indicating additions, contrasts, and causal relationships between different ideas. The paragraph feels more cohesive and organized. In contrast, Paragraph 2 lacks ...

  9. Transition Sentences

    Clear transitions are crucial to clear writing: They show the reader how different parts of your essay, paper, or thesis are connected. Transition sentences can be used to structure your text and link together paragraphs or sections. Example of a transition sentence for a new paragraph. In this case, the researchers concluded that the method ...

  10. Linking Words & Connector Words: Ultimate List With Examples

    These linking words and phrases can help you express similarities between two or more ideas, situations, or individuals. Use them appropriately based on the context to highlight shared characteristics or experiences. Examples: Likewise: Sarah enjoys reading; likewise, her brother is an avid reader. Similarly:

  11. Connecting ideas

    To join ideas and sentences, we use a number of connecting words and phrases. For example: Addition To add an idea. Additionally, and, also, apart from this, as well (as), in addition, moreover, further, furthermore. Condition to provide a condition. If, in that case, provided that, unless. For comparison To show how things are similar.

  12. The Ultimate List of Linking Words for Your Essay

    Linking Words Examples. Linking words examples are many, and it's clear why: every piece of writing contains tons of connecting and transition words. Let's take an essay sample from Bid4Papers writers to see the example of linking words in academic writing: This one was an essay introduction.

  13. Useful Linking Words and Phrases to Use in Your Essays

    Sharing is caring! Linking words and phrases are used to show relationships between ideas. They can be used to join two or more sentences or clauses. We can use linking words to give a result, add information, summarize, give illustrations, emphasize a point, sequence information, compare or to contrast idea.

  14. Transition Words & Phrases

    While transition words are essential to clear writing, it's possible to use too many of them. Consider the following example, in which the overuse of linking words slows down the text and makes it feel repetitive. The first experiment yielded a positive result. However, the second experiment yielded a negative result.

  15. Linking Words for Essays: How to Link Those Paragraphs and Sentences

    Below are some words you can use to connect your paragraphs of this type. Write great college application essays with this online class. but. rather. nonetheless. besides. unlike. regardless (Note: irregardless is not a word, so don't use it as a synonym to regardless) even so.

  16. PDF Sentence starters, linking words, transitional phrases

    It can sometimes be difficult to start a sentence to express ideas, or find words to show the relationship between ideas. Below is a list of possible sentence starters, transitional and other

  17. Linking Words: List of Sentence Connectors in English with Examples!

    Linker Words or Word Connectors are used to link large groups of words: phrases and sentences. You can also use them to connect paragraphs to give them coherence. Sentence connectors are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence and may be categorized as follows: 👉 CONTRAST. 1. HOWEVER. This restaurant has the best kitchen in town.

  18. Linking Words To Use In An Essay

    Essays commonly use linking words in the following places: The beginning of a paragraph. Beginning of a statement that expands on an argument or presents something new. At the start of a concluding statement. However, you need to use the right to link it from one another sentences or paragraphs.

  19. Useful Linking Words for Writing Essays in English

    This page provides a list of useful linking words for writing essays in English for ESL learners. Linking Words Linking words or transition words are words phrases used to connect one idea ... CONCLUSION Transition Words: Useful List & Examples. 20+ Alternative Ways of Saying SORRY in English.

  20. PDF Linking words and phrases

    They show the relationships between the ideas and are the glue that holds your assignment together. The table below provides an overview of commonly-used linking words. List/sequence words: orders the information in a sequence. Efect/results: something brought by a cause. Emphasis: special importance or significance. first. so. undoubtedly.