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This page will introduce you to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style for formatting research papers and citing sources. IEEE – pronounced “I-triple-E” – is a style widely used among all branches of engineering, computer science, and other technological fields.

Though the OWL’s section on IEEE is sufficient for quick reference, if you are writing a lengthy manuscript or dissertation, or if you have detailed questions, you should consult the IEEE Editorial Style Manual, available as a PDF through the organization’s website . Alternately, if you are formatting a paper for submission to a specific organization, publication, or event, refer to the formatting guidelines provided by said organization / publication / event and privilege those guidelines over any found here.

The IEEE section contains the following pages:

General Format

  • Basic formatting and page layout
  • Abstracts, index terms, and other front matter
  • Section headings, appendix headings, and similar
  • Appendices, acknowledgements and other back matter

In-Text Citation

  • Formatting in-text citations
  • Citing within a reference
  • Citing multiple references at once

Reference List

  • Formatting reference page entries
  • General principles for formatting references
  • Specific instructions for formatting references to various media

Tables, Figures, and Equations

  • Distinguishing between tables, figures, and equations
  • Formatting tables appropriately
  • Formatting labels, titles, captions, etc. appropriately
  • Referring to tables, figures, and equations in text.

IEEE - Advancing Technology for Humanity

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IEEE - Advancing Technology for Humanity

  • Search all IEEE websites
  • Mission and vision
  • IEEE at a glance
  • IEEE Strategic Plan
  • Organization of IEEE
  • Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion
  • Organizational Ethics
  • Annual Report
  • History of IEEE
  • Volunteer resources
  • IEEE Corporate Awards Program
  • Financials and Statistics
  • IEEE Future Directions
  • IEEE for Industry (Corporations, Government, Individuals)
  • IEEE Climate Change
  • Humanitarian and Philanthropic Opportunities
  • Select an option
  • Get the latest news
  • Access volunteer resources (Code of Ethics, financial forms, tools and templates, and more)
  • Find IEEE locations
  • Get help from the IEEE Support Center
  • Recover your IEEE Account username and password
  • Learn about the IEEE Awards program and submit nomination
  • View IEEE's organizational structure and leadership
  • Apply for jobs at IEEE
  • See the history of IEEE
  • Learn more about Diversity, Equity & Inclusion at IEEE
  • Join an IEEE Society
  • Renew your membership
  • Member benefits
  • IEEE Contact Center
  • Connect locally
  • Memberships and Subscriptions Catalog
  • Member insurance and discounts
  • Member Grade Elevation
  • Get your company engaged
  • Access your Account
  • Learn about membership dues
  • Learn about Women in Engineering (WIE)
  • Access IEEE member email
  • Find information on IEEE Fellows
  • Access the IEEE member directory
  • Learn about the Member-Get-a-Member program
  • Learn about IEEE Potentials magazine
  • Learn about Student membership
  • Affinity groups
  • IEEE Societies
  • Technical Councils
  • Technical Communities
  • Geographic Activities
  • Working groups
  • IEEE Regions
  • IEEE Collabratec®
  • IEEE Resource Centers
  • IEEE DataPort
  • See the IEEE Regions
  • View the MGA Operations Manual
  • Find information on IEEE Technical Activities
  • Get IEEE Chapter resources
  • Find IEEE Sections, Chapters, Student Branches, and other communities
  • Learn how to create an IEEE Student Chapter
  • Upcoming conferences
  • IEEE Meetings, Conferences & Events (MCE)
  • IEEE Conference Application
  • IEEE Conference Organizer Education Program
  • See benefits of authoring a conference paper
  • Search for 2025 conferences
  • Search for 2024 conferences
  • Find conference organizer resources
  • Register a conference
  • Publish conference papers
  • Manage conference finances
  • Learn about IEEE Meetings, Conferences & Events (MCE)
  • Visit the IEEE SA site
  • Become a member of the IEEE SA
  • Find information on the IEEE Registration Authority
  • Obtain a MAC, OUI, or Ethernet address
  • Access the IEEE 802.11™ WLAN standard
  • Purchase standards
  • Get free select IEEE standards
  • Purchase standards subscriptions on IEEE Xplore®
  • Get involved with standards development
  • Find a working group
  • Find information on IEEE 802.11™
  • Access the National Electrical Safety Code® (NESC®)
  • Find MAC, OUI, and Ethernet addresses from Registration Authority (regauth)
  • Get free IEEE standards
  • Learn more about the IEEE Standards Association
  • View Software and Systems Engineering Standards
  • IEEE Xplore® Digital Library
  • Subscription options
  • IEEE Spectrum
  • The Institute
  • Proceedings of the IEEE
  • IEEE Access®
  • Author resources
  • Get an IEEE Xplore Digital Library trial for IEEE members
  • Review impact factors of IEEE journals
  • Request access to the IEEE Thesaurus and Taxonomy
  • Access the IEEE copyright form
  • Find article templates in Word and LaTeX formats
  • Get author education resources
  • Visit the IEEE Xplore digital library
  • Find Author Digital Tools for IEEE paper submission
  • Review the IEEE plagiarism policy
  • Get information about all stages of publishing with IEEE
  • IEEE Learning Network (ILN)
  • IEEE Credentialing Program
  • Pre-university
  • IEEE-Eta Kappa Nu
  • Accreditation
  • Access continuing education courses on the IEEE Learning Network
  • Find STEM education resources on TryEngineering.org
  • Learn about the TryEngineering Summer Institute for high school students
  • Explore university education program resources
  • Access pre-university STEM education resources
  • Learn about IEEE certificates and how to offer them
  • Find information about the IEEE-Eta Kappa Nu honor society
  • Learn about resources for final-year engineering projects
  • Access career resources
  • Conferences

Manuscript Templates for Conference Proceedings

  • Conference Publication Form
  • IEEE Financial Reporting Form
  • IEEE Publication Form

The purpose of a conference template is to provide a consistent format for papers appearing in the conference proceedings. IEEE strongly encourages use of the conference manuscript templates provided below. 

IEEE conference templates contain guidance text for composing and formatting conference papers. Please ensure that all guidance text is removed from your conference paper prior to submission to the conference. 

Failure to remove template text from your paper may result in your paper not being published.

Accessing the templates

Microsoft Word

  • US letter (DOC, 30 KB) Updated Jan 2019
  • A4  (DOC, 30 KB) Updated Jan 2019

LaTeX Template Instructions (PDF, 63 KB) [ Be sure to use the template's  conference  mode.]

  • Template (ZIP, 700 KB) Updated October 2019
  • LaTeX Bibliography Files  (ZIP, 309 KB)
  • When working in Overleaf, the template is available at https://www.overleaf.com/gallery/tagged/ieee-official

1. For conference organizers:  The use of the conference manuscript templates provided by  IEEE eXpress Conference Publishing  will greatly reduce the chance for errors in the metadata visible in IEEE Xplore ® , and IEEE's downstream Indexing partners. Errors may result in delays in posting or in making any approved corrections, or in some cases, may simply persist. Using the templates is one of the ways to reduce errors.

If you wish, you may link to this webpage in its entirety. It is not recommended that you link to individual files, however, because they may be updated or replaced without notice.

2. Grateful acknowledgement is made to the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society, which provided the current LaTeX template.

3. Other templates that more closely align with the IEEE Transactions article format are available.

what is ieee format for research paper

Guide on How to Write a Paper in IEEE Format: Citation and Referencing

what is ieee format for research paper

Every student who studies Computer Science should know how to write a paper in the IEEE format to set themselves up for success. Whether you major in Programming, Information Technologies, or Web Communication, the IEEE paper format is widely used for styling academic papers written in these subjects, which is why it is vital to master it.

This article will be your guide to the format. While reading it, you will learn how to cite in IEEE. Additionally, our term paper writing service will tell you what the IEEE style is, share the basic requirements given in this manual of style, provide some overall writing recommendations, and share handy IEEE citation examples.

What Is IEEE?

The IEEE reference format is a commonly accepted style for writing, formatting, and citing research papers. The format was created based on the Chicago Manual of Style and is widely used by students and researchers in Computer Science and relevant technical fields. This comprehensive guide will come in handy for every student or young professional involved in this field. Thus, if that’s your major, we recommend reading this article instead of studying the entire edition of the latest IEEE manual of style, to save lots of time and to grasp the idea of how to create an IEEE paper with ease.

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What does IEEE stand for, you may wonder? The letters IEEE stand for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. It is a professional association of electric engineering and associated disciplines. It was formed in 1963 on the basis of two American establishments – the Institute of Radio Engineers and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers.

Being the largest association of technical professionals in the world, the IEEE sets the bar for aspiring technical specialists and researchers. To outline the standards for writing and organizing academic works in relevant fields, the IEEE has established its own writing style manual.

The IEEE style consists of 2 critical elements:

  • In-text citations (direct & indirect)
  • References (Works Cited in MLA format)

In-text citations are short quotations taken from primary or secondary sources. In IEEE in text citation, they are numbered in square brackets. Every number next to their corresponding citation identifies the complete citation listed in the References section in numerical order (commonly referred to as the Works Cited list or bibliography page in other formats). In APA citation format they call it References.

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Why Citing is Important for Your Academic Performance?

Collecting sources for an academic paper and then citing them can be rather time-consuming and tedious. Many students find the citation process too complicated and often overlook its importance.

citing

So, why is citing sources vital for your academic performance? First of all, citing external sources helps students show their professors that they have invested time and effort into researching the given topic. Also, this process has a few other purposes:

1. Providing Credibility The main reasons for using information from external sources are either to compliment the contents of your work with relevant data, or to provide a different look/opinion on the issue stated. In both cases, it means adding credibility to your own paper, making it look more trustworthy and complete, and establishing yourself as an authoritative author.

2. Ensuring Academic Integrity and Uniqueness By not giving credit to other people’s works when relevant, you lose academic integrity and misrepresent your own academic achievements. At the same time, you risk the uniqueness of your paper; as simply using external resources without citing them is most often considered plagiarism. Both issues can lead to a low grade, failure of the task, or even expulsion.

Besides, IEEE has a special definition of plagiarism. The organization believes it is the usage of another’s ideas, opinions, research findings, or words, without acknowledging the original writer and source. Plagiarism is a severe breach of professional conduct. It involves serious ethical & legal outcomes in most situations. Imagine someone would use your words one day once you’ve become a famous writer or scientist. How would you feel?

3. Acknowledging the Works of Other Specialists The main purpose of citing sources is to give credit to the works of other people, wherever it is pertinent. When creating each citation, you acknowledge the hard work, time, and effort another person has put into his or her research.

4. Contributing to Further Research Finally, the last reason that proves the importance of citations is the fact that by giving accurate credit to others’ works, you are contributing to your own further research and also helping other researchers locate the relevant sources you’ve cited with ease.

All in all, it is worth noting that formatting weighs around 10-15% of the final grade you get for a paper. Given this and other reasons, it is fair to say that students can’t count on the highest grade without having their sources properly cited.

Basic Page Format

The standard IEEE template contains the following sections in the same order:

  • Title Page (including the article’s title, byline, membership, and first footnote)
  • Abstract – should be one paragraph long (preferably between 150 to 250 words)
  • Index Terms
  • Nomenclature (optional)
  • Introduction
  • Body of Article
  • Appendix(es)
  • Acknowledgment(s)
  • Photos and Biographies

what is ieee format for research paper

To write an IEEE style paper, students should follow these basic rules:

  • Paper title – placed on the first page, centered at the top, and 24pt font size.
  • Byline – placed below the paper title after a line break, centered, 10pt font size. The byline has to include the following information (every point needs to be on a separate line):
  • ~ Author’s name(s)
  • ~ Author’s affiliation(s)
  • ~ City & country location(s)
  • ~ E-mail address(es).
  • Main body – all written in 10pt font size, the text should appear in two columns on the page. Columns on the last page have to be of the same length, which means the author may need to add a column break.
  • The paper should start with the abstract and index terms.
  • Depending on the subject and context, papers may include additional sections like:
  • ~ Acknowledgments
  • ~ Appendices
  • ~ Note to Practitioners
  • ~ Nomenclature
  • The main body of the paper can be divided into relevant sections and subsections. Each section and subsection should have a heading formatted according to the rules specified later in this guide.
  • All tables, equations, and figures have to be numbered in consecutive order and centered in the column.
  • IEEE papers should start with a drop cap two lines deep, followed by the next 8-12 characters or 1-2 words (depending on which is more appropriate) in all caps.

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Parts of a Paper

  • Headings The IEEE format suggests authors of papers use four levels of hierarchy for the text’s section headings:

Enumeration of section headings is preferable, but not mandatory – the author can use his or her preference. However, the chosen format should be consistently followed throughout the entire paper.

Apart from section headings, there are also Appendix, Reference, and Acknowledgement headings, which are formatted differently:

Appendix headings — the primary heading(s) in the paper’s Appendix or Appendixes should be formatted according to the standard style. The authors are allowed to use either letters or Roman numerals to enumerate Appendix headings (e.g. Appendix A or Appendix I)—but note that it should not be preceded by a Roman numeral. In case you only have one Appendix in the paper, its heading remains unnamed and unnumbered.

Reference and Acknowledgement headings — should be formatted like primary headings. However, these should never be labeled or enumerated.

  • First Footnote The first footnote in the article is not numbered (though all following footnotes should be numbered consecutively) and should consist of three paragraphs:
  • The first part should specify the received and revised (optional) dates of the paper. When there is more than one revised date, list all of them.
  • The next paragraph consists of the authors’ affiliations. In case there are two or more authors with varying affiliations, use separate sentences and paragraphs for each author, specifying all initials with the last name. The authors with the same affiliation should be grouped; you should list the affiliations according to the order of the authors in the byline.
  • The last paragraph of the first footnote should specify the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, assigned by the IEEE.
Example: Manuscript received April 27, 2018; revised September 18, 2018; accepted July 25, 2018. Date of publication August 15, 2013; date of current version September 9, 2018. This work was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS UEFISCDI, under Project PN-II-ID-BXE-4016-3-0566. (Corresponding author: John Smith.) The authors are with the National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Laboratory, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele, Romania (e-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]). Color versions of one or more of the figures are available online at http:// ieeexplore.ieee.org. (NOTE: Only Used with Printed Publications). Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/JDT.2013.2278036

If you need to specify any financial support for the work, it should be listed in the first paragraph instead of the Acknowledgement section.

Example: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant 90210 and Grant ECS-12345.

Body of the Paper

  • Abstract The IEEE format requires authors to include an Abstract in every paper. An abstract should follow the Title Page of the document and appear in the text in boldface type. It has to be concise and should not include any numbered references or mathematical equations.
  • Index Terms Authors should also provide Index Terms in their IEEE papers. Index Terms should also appear in boldface type, in alphabetic order, and located within the Abstract as its final paragraphs. You should only define acronyms in this section if they have already been defined in the paper itself. The authors can request a list of keywords by sending a blank email to keywords[at]ieee.org.
  • Text Equations When placing equations within the main body of the paper, one should number them in inconsequential order from the beginning of the work to its end. In some transactions, it is permitted to use the author’s own numbering system, for example, numbering by section, e.g., (1.1), (1.2.1), (A1).
  • Acknowledgment The Acknowledgement section should always follow the final part of the text, after any Appendix(es) and preceding the References section. It should be written in the third person.

If you need to cite names in the Acknowledgement section, do not use full names and honorables like Mr., Mrs., Miss, and Ms. Instead, only list first initials followed by a family name. You can still use titles like Prof. and Dr., but only in the singular form, placing it separately next to each name.

Do NOT include information about any financial support in the Acknowledgement section, place it in the first paragraph of the first footnote instead.

  • References In IEEE papers, all references should be numbered and there should be a separate entry for each number. It is not allowed to use the same reference number of a group of IEEE citations.
  • Text Citation of Figures and Tables IEEE citation format for figures and tables requires following numerical order. Citations of figures located within the paper should always be labeled by the abbreviation “Fig.” followed by the relevant figure number. Authors of papers should use this abbreviation even if it has to be put at the beginning of a sentence.
  • Biographies IEEE Transactions require including author biographies. As a rule, biographies have to be divided into three paragraphs:
  • First paragraph — should start with the full name of the author and the history of his or her IEEE membership. It may also contain a date and/or place of birth (if the author provides it). After this, it is vital to specify the author’s educational background. Indicate the major area of study in lowercase letters, always put the word “degree” after a specific degree title, and specify the years when the degrees were obtained. For specifying degrees, you may use the following abbreviations: Dipl.Ing., Diplom-Physiker, Dr. ing., dr. Phil., Dr. Eng., B.S., S.B., B.A., A.B., B.Sc. (Hons.), B.S.E., B.E.E., M.Eng., M.S.(tech.), M.S.E.E., M.S.E., Civilingenir, Lic.es Sci., Lic.es Lett.
  • Second paragraph -— it should contain information about the author’s work and military experience (if any); all job titles should be capitalized. When mentioning their current job, one must specify its location, but this is not mandatory for past experiences. Follow the list of experience by the author’s affiliations with non-IEEE journals, and current and previous fields of interest.
Note: you should not repeat the name of the author in this paragraph; use “he” or “she” instead.
  • Third paragraph — should start with the title and surname of the author (e.g., Dr. Mitchell, Mr. Black, Prof. Smith, etc.). Then it should list information about the author’s memberships in professional societies (except IEEE), as well as their status as a Professional Engineer (if so). The paragraph should end with a list of the author’s awards, publications, and work for IEEE committees. If the author’s biography is unavailable, you need to use a squib for it.
Example: Frank J. Author (S’xx—M’xx), photograph and biography not available at the time of publication.
  • Footnotes A footnote is any additional information, explanation, or comment related to the main text that is located at the bottom of the page. All footnotes within the IEEE format paper should be numbered and followed in consecutive order within the body of the paper. The numbers, both within the text and in the actual footnotes, should be marked with superscripts. Within the body of the paper, the superscript footnote numbers should always be placed after the punctuation marks, such as parentheses, commas, and periods. However, if the sentence is a compound one, the numbers should be placed before the punctuation marks, such as semicolons, dashes, colons, and quotation marks. The actual footnotes should be placed at the bottom of the page where the cited information is located.
  • List in Text All lists within the IEEE style papers should be formatted according to the following order of labeling: 1), 2), 3) followed by a), b), c), and then i), ii), iii).
Example: According to the IEEE Computer Society, the most crucial areas of computer science are: 1) algorithms and data structures; 2) theory of computation; 3) computer elements and architecture; and 4) programming methodology and languages.

How to Cite References

As was already mentioned, every reference has a corresponding IEEE citation within the main body of the essay or research paper. Each time a writer adds a citation, they should insert a number within square brackets. Later, each citation should be assigned a complete reference on the References page. Relevant citations within the text and on the references page should correspond to each other by numbers to make it possible to find the complete reference. The references page should be on its own separate page of the paper.

ieee format

Each full IEEE reference must include all of the necessary bibliographic information to help the reader find more details about its topic. The elements of an IEEE format reference are:

  • A corresponding number to the in-text citation
  • Author’s surname and initials
  • The full title of the work
  • Place of publication
  • Date of publication
  • Some smaller details like page number, issue, or volume (if available)

Now, as you know the basic rules of citations, let's look at some IEEE format citation examples from our political science essay service to help you understand how to make a reference page:

Digital Documents

E-book [corresponding number] Author. (year, month and day of publication). Book title. (edition). [Type of medium]. Vol. (issue). Available: http:// website URL [date accessed].

Example: [6] S. Calmer. (1999, June 1). Engineering and Art. (2nd edition). [On-line]. 27(3). Available: http:// website URL [May 21, 2003].

IEEE Website Citation [corresponding number] Website. “Title.” Available: complete URL, date updated, [Accessed: date].

Example: [7] Emarketer.com. "Social Networking Reaches Nearly One in Four Around the World." Available: http:// website URL, Jan. 25, 2014. [Accessed: June.23, 2014].

Podcast [corresponding number] Author’s Initial. Author’s Surname, "Title", Publication Title, Year Published. [Online]. Available: http:// website URL. [Accessed: date].

Example: [8] R. Robertson. "Leadership at the Bottom of the Earth… Where No One Hears You Scream", Sir Walter Murdoch Lecture, 2010. [Podcast]. Available: http:// website URL. [Accessed: Aug. 5, 2010].

Print References

Book: Single Author [corresponding number] Author. Book title. Location: Publishing company, year, pp.

Example: [1] W.-K. Chen. Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135.

Book: Two or More Authors [corresponding number] Author, Author, and Author. Book title. Location: Publishing company, year, pp.

Example: [2] U. J. Gelinas, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz. Business Processes and Information Technology. Cincinnati: South-Western/Thomson Learning, 2004, pp. 98-100.

Book: No Author [corresponding number] Book title. Location: Publishing company, year, pp.

Example: [3] The Oxford Dictionary of Computing, 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, pp.13-23.

Article in a Journal [corresponding number] Author. “Article title”. Journal title, vol., pp, date.

Example: [4] G. Pevere. “Infrared Nation.” The International Journal of Infrared Design, vol. 33, pp. 56-99, Jan. 1979.

Newspaper Article [corresponding number] Author. “Article title”. Newspaper title, pp, date.

Example: [5] N. Perpitch, "Green groups battle to overturn gas plan," The Australian, p. 2, Sept. 7, 2010.

Note: If you can’t find certain information about the source, exclude it.

We also recommend that you read how to write a reflective essay .

Need Help with Your IEEE Paper?

In modern IT society, it is critical to master the IEEE format. By following this comprehensive guide, you should be able to write, format, and cite the IEEE style paper with ease. However, if you still need help with writing it, our professional essay writers can create papers in any format upon your ' write my paper for me ' request – it’s time to get the best from our paper writing service online!

Related Articles

Vancouver Style Citation Ultimate Handbook

Structure Your Paper

Learn how to structure your paper for publication. IEEE has put together some tips and best practices for what should be included in your conference paper.

Your paper title should be specific, concise, and descriptive. Avoid using unnecessary words such as “new” or “novel”. Include keywords that will help a reader find your paper.

Provide a concise summary of the research conducted. Include the conclusions reached and the potential implications of those conclusions. Your abstract should also:

  • consist of a single paragraph up to 250 words, with correct grammar and unambiguous terminology;
  • be self-contained with no abbreviations, footnotes, references, or mathematical equations;
  • highlight what is unique in your work;
  • include 3-5 keywords or phrases that describe the research, with any abbreviations clearly defined,  to help readers find your paper.

First Footnote

Funding footnote.

If the research reported in your paper was supported by a funding source, include the funder’s name and grant information in a footnote on the first page of the paper.

Human and animal research statements

For papers reporting on research involving human subjects or animals, complete and include one of the following human/animal research statements in a footnote on the first page of the paper:

  • Papers That Are Reporting on Human/Animal Research and Have Review Board Approval:   This work involved human subjects or animals in its research. Approval of all ethical and experimental procedures and protocols was granted by (Name of Review Board or Committee) (if provided under Application No. xx, and performed in line with the (Name of Specific Declaration (if applicable/provided)).
  • Papers That Are Reporting on Human/Animal Research and Are Exempt From Review Board Approval: This work involved human subjects or animals in its research. The author(s) confirm(s) that all human/animal subject research procedures and protocols are exempt from review board approval.

Refer to the IEEE’s policy on Research on Human and Animal Subjects .

Introduction

Help the reader understand why your research is important and what it is contributing to the field.

  • Start by giving the reader a brief overview of the current state of research in your subject area.
  • Progress to more detailed information on the specific topic of your research.
  • End with a description of the exact question or hypothesis that your paper will address.

Also state your motivation for doing your research and what it will contribute to the field.

Formulate your research question. It should include:

  • a detailed description of the question;
  • the methods you used to address the question;
  • the definitions of any relevant terminology;
  • any equations that contributed to your work.

The methods section should be described in enough detail for someone to replicate your work.

Results and Discussion

Show the results that you achieved in your work and offer an interpretation of those results. Acknowledge any limitations of your work and avoid exaggerating the importance of the results.

Summarize your key findings. Include important conclusions that can be drawn and further implications for the field. Discuss benefits or shortcomings of your work and suggest future areas for research.

Acknowledgments

You can recognize individuals who provided assistance with your work, but who do not meet the definition of authorship . The acknowledgments section is optional.

Provide citation information for all the previous publications referred to in your paper. Cite only those references that directly support your work.

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  • Knowledge Base
  • IEEE Paper Format | Template & Guidelines

IEEE Paper Format | Template & Guidelines

Published on 28 August 2022 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on 6 April 2023.

IEEE provides guidelines for formatting your paper. These guidelines must be followed when you’re submitting a manuscript for publication in an IEEE journal. Some of the key guidelines are:

  • Formatting the text as two columns, in Times New Roman, 10 pt
  • Including a byline, an abstract , and a set of keywords at the start of the research paper
  • Placing any figures, tables, and equations at the top or bottom of a column, not in the middle
  • Following the appropriate heading styles for any headings you use
  • Including a full list of IEEE references at the end
  • Not including page numbers

IEEE example paper

To learn more about the specifics of IEEE paper format, check out the free template below. Note that you may not need to follow these rules if you’ve only been told to use IEEE citation format for a student paper. But you do need to follow them to submit to IEEE publications.

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Table of contents

Ieee format template, ieee heading styles, frequently asked questions about ieee paper format.

The template below can be used to make sure that your paper follows IEEE format. It’s set up with custom Word styles for all the different parts of the text, with the right fonts and formatting and with further explanation of key points.

Make sure to remove all the explanatory text in the template when you insert your own.

Download IEEE paper format template

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what is ieee format for research paper

Correct my document today

IEEE recommends specific heading styles to distinguish the title and different levels of heading in your paper from each other. Styles for each of these are built into the template.

The paper title is written in 24 pt Times New Roman, centred at the top of the first page. Other headings are all written in 10 pt Times New Roman:

  • Level 1 text headings begin with a roman numeral followed by a full stop. They are written in small caps, in title case, and centred.
  • Level 2 text headings begin with a capital letter followed by a full stop. They are italicised, left-aligned, and written in title case.
  • Level 3 text headings begin with a number followed by a closing parenthesis . They are italicised, written in sentence case, and indented like a regular paragraph. The text of the section follows the heading immediately, after a colon .
  • Level 4 text headings begin with a lowercase letter followed by a closing parenthesis. They are italicised, written in sentence case, and indented slightly further than a normal paragraph. The text of the section follows the heading immediately, after a colon.
  • Component headings are used for the different components of your paper outside of the main text, such as the acknowledgments and references. They are written in small caps, in title case, centred, and without any numbering.

IEEE heading styles

You should use 10 pt. Times New Roman font in your IEEE format paper .

For the paper title, 26 pt. Times New Roman is used. For some other paper elements like table footnotes, the font can be slightly smaller. All the correct stylings are available in our free IEEE format template .

No, page numbers are not included in an  IEEE format paper . If you’re submitting to an IEEE publication, page numbers will be added in the final publication but aren’t needed in the manuscript.

IEEE paper format requires you to include an abstract summarising the content of your paper. It appears at the start of the paper, right after you list your name and affiliation.

The abstract begins with the word ‘Abstract,’ italicised and followed by an em dash. The abstract itself follows immediately on the same line. The entire section is written in bold font. For example: ‘ Abstract —This paper discusses …’

You can find the correct format for your IEEE abstract and other parts of the paper in our free IEEE paper format template .

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IEEE (2023 ver.): Citation Examples & Essential Rules

      For NPS theses, papers, and publications: to cite properly, follow the citation examples and apply the essential rules.

The official IEEE style guide contains some inconsistencies and discrepancies. The Thesis Processing Office will continue to accept the BibTeX IEEE format embedded in the NPS LaTeX thesis template.

  • IEEE Example List of References

Citation Examples

Essential rules, abbreviations.

  • IEEE List of Acronyms and Abbreviations from IEEE Editorial Style Manual, 2016

Accessed Dates

Only include date accessed if the source material has no date.

Author Names: Honorifics

Do not include honorifics (Dr., Col., Professor, etc.) when citing author names. Including these titles in the body of your document is acceptable.

Identifying Authors of Official Documents

For the National Security Strategy , cite the president as the author.

For other official documents , the author is the organization immediately responsible for creating the document. In the example below, the author is the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations and the publisher is the Department of the Navy.

In the example above, the author is NOT an umbrella organization, signatory, or any of the following:

  • Chief of Naval Operations
  • Deputy Chief of Naval Operations
  • W. F. Moran
  • Department of Defense
  • Navy Pentagon
  • R. P. Burke
  • United States of America​

Do not include acronyms for organizations listed as authors in the List of References or footnotes:

  • YES: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
  • NO: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO or OCNO).
  • NO: CNO or OCNO.

Bibliography vs. List of References

What is the difference between them.

  • A List of References  includes all works cited in a text
  • A Bibliography  lists all works cited  and consulted

The NPS Thesis Processing Office prefers a List of References for the following: 

  • Capstone project report
  • Dissertation

For papers, check with your professors for their preference.

Capitalization: Title Case vs. Sentence case

Note: Always format the information in your citations (titles, author names, etc.) according to the requirements of the citation style you are using, regardless of how it appears in the original source.

Country Names with Government Organizations

When naming government organizations, be consistent: for example, either Department of Defense or U.S. Department of Defense. If citing organizations from multiple countries, ensure that it is clear which organization is associated with which country—for example, Australian Department of Defence, South African Department of Defence, Sri Lanka Ministry of Defence, Singapore Ministry of Defence.

Every equation that is not field-specific common knowledge needs to be cited. You may weave the source into the narrative:

  • The author applied the X method [4] to describe ...
  • The derivation that follows is summarized from [4].

Here is an example of citing properly before the equation. Note the period after the equation; the equation must function grammatically as part of the text:

what is ieee format for research paper

And here is an example of how to cite an equation after it is presented:

what is ieee format for research paper

  • Citing Equations in IEEE Look under the "Citing Responsibly" heading

Figures / Images / Graphs

A citation is required if you did not wholly create the figure—i.e., if you used someone else's image or data. A citation is not needed when all elements of the figure are your own creation.

See Figure 1 for placement of the title and the bracketed citation.

  • Put a period and a space after the title.
  • If you use the figure exactly as it appears in the source, use “Source: ___.”
  • If you alter the original figure or use someone else's image or data to create the figure, use “Adapted from ___.”

Figures image box

Figure 1.    A Figure with a Citation in IEEE Style. Source: [7].

Figure 1.    A Figure with a Citation in IEEE Style. Adapted from [7].

For more details, see the Thesis Template .

  • Thesis Template

How Often to Cite?

  • Remember: one citation at the end of a string of sentences or a paragraph cannot “cover” the entire section.  
  • Cite a source the first time it is used in each paragraph.  
  • Note: always use a citation (even if you also use a signal phrase) every time you quote material.

In-text Citation Placement & Signal Phrases

Citation order  .

IEEE strongly prefers that bracketed in-text citations appear sequentially, beginning with [1], within the body of the text; it does not matter in what order they appear in the List of Tables and the List of Figures.

Where in the sentence does my bracketed citation go?  

  • If you name your source(s) in a given sentence, a bracketed citation follows immediately after mentioning the source. Example: Rejecting Abbott and Costello’s method [1], Laurel and Hardy [2] propose an altogether different model for optimizing hat density.  
  • Note: Do not, however, begin a sentence with a bracketed citation.  
  • If the sentence ends with a quotation, "close the quote, then place the citation between the quotation marks and the punctuation, like this” [6].  
  • Do not insert spaces between a bracketed citation and the punctuation that follows it.

In the paragraph below, citations are highlighted in yellow and signal phrases are in blue . Note that the second sentence is common knowledge, whereas the final sentence is clearly the opinion of the author.

  • Using Signal Phrases Effectively

Missing Info

If any information is missing from a source (a journal with no volume number, for example), simply omit that information.  For sources consulted in hardcopy, omit the URL and any additional verbiage that introduces it. Anything retrieved online, however, MUST have a link. The only exception is journals retrieved from a subscription database such as ProQuest. 

Multiple Authors, et al.

  • In the List of References , if a source has more than six authors, include the first author's name followed by et al. (in italics)
  • In the body of the text , if a source has three or more authors, include the first author's name followed by et al. Example: Ma et al. [19] extended the work …

Rules for the MAE Department: 

  • In the  List of References , list  all  the authors.

Example: Ma et al. [19] extended the work …

Multiple Sources Bracketing Format

Correct format: [23], [34], [77]

Incorrect format: [23, 34, 77]

Page Numbers

It is not necessary to include page numbers in bracketed citations.

For a portion in a book, journal, or other volume, include page-number range in List of References/Bibliography.

Example: [7] P. Haynes, “Al-Qaeda, oil dependence, and U.S. foreign policy,” in  Energy Security and Global Politics: The Militarization of Resource Management,  D. Moran and J. A. Russell, Eds. New York, NY, USA: Routledge, 2009, pp. 62–74. 

Print vs. Online Sources

When citing a source retrieved online, use the "online" format even when you or someone else printed out the material. For example, if you print out a thesis or your advisor provides you with a printed thesis, it is still categorized as an online document.

Only cite as a print source when the material has been produced by a publisher in hard copy. For example, if you obtain a print journal or book from the library stacks, it is categorized as a printed source.

Secondary / Indirect Sources

An indirect source is a source that cites some other work that you discuss in your text.

Whenever possible, consult primary sources and your sources’ sources yourself. Upon investigating the primary source, you may find you disagree with the indirect source author’s analysis or methods.

How to Incorporate Indirect Sources

The following passage incorporates a properly credited indirect source . The  indirect source  information is highlighted in yellow; the  primary source information is highlighted in blue.

Walker describes Miguel Roig’s 1999 experiment , which correlates inadequate paraphrasing in student writing with poor reading comprehension. Citing Roig’s data , Walker explains that “students do in fact possess skills necessary for paraphrasing but … may be impeded from applying those skills when dealing with rigorous text” [1] .

Note:  Include only the indirect source  (the source  you consulted) in your reference list. 

For more information

See the TPO's " Citing Your Sources’ Sources " handout.

A citation is required if you did not wholly create the table—i.e., if you used someone else's data. A citation is not needed when all elements of the table are your own creation.

See Table 1 for placement of the title and the bracketed citation.

  • If you use the table exactly as it appears in the source, use “Source: ___.”
  • If you alter the original table or if you use someone else's data to create the table, use “Adapted from ___.”

Table 1.    A Table with a Citation in IEEE Style. Source: [7].

Table 1.     A Table with a Citation in IEEE Style. Adapted from [7].

For more details, including on table notes, see the  Thesis Template .

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what is ieee format for research paper

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What is IEEE style? 

IEEE is the acronym for the professional organization, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. IEEE style is  a numbered referencing style that uses citation numbers in the text of the paper, provided in square brackets . A full corresponding reference is listed at the end of the paper, next to the respective citation number.

Author(s), “Title,” Source title , vol. #, issue no. #, page numbers, publication year. Available: URL if freely available. [Accessed Month. Day, Year].

Journal Article

Conference presentation, government document, engineering standard, more resources.

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Guidelines for Research Reports and Integrative Lit Reviews   |  Samples of Research  Reports  |  Samples of Integrative Lit Reviews  | Reviewers’ Expectations

About Research Reports  

The most commonly published format in the IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, these articles report quantitative, qualitative, critical, and mixed methods studies  and their results. Examples include experiments, textual analyses, content analyses, surveys, design research, interview-based studies, usability tests, and ethnographies.

About Integrative Literature Reviews 

A new type of research report actively sought for the IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, integrative literature reviews are  an empirical research report that systematically collects, classifies, and analyzes a body of literature on a topic.  As part of the research report, authors of integrative literature reviews describe the methodology used to search, choose and code studies, and focus on providing a critique or interpretation rather than just reporting data.  Popular in other disciplines because they succinctly summarize and empirically assess all of the literature on a particular topic, these types of articles are actively recruited by the Transactions .

Guidelines:

Note : We recognize that, in our effort to focus on readers and be clear with authors, our guidelines are extensive and directive. We hope, however, this detailed guidance provides authors with the strongest possible guidance and ensures the most positive outcome possible from the peer-review process.

Samples of Research Articles Published in the Transactions

Of a quantitative study: F. Ganier & R. Querrec, “TIP-EXE: A software tool for studying the use and understanding of procedural documents,”  IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication,  vol. 55, no. 2, 105-121, 2012.

Of a qualitative study: P. Bosch-Sijtsema & A. Sivunen,“Professional virtual worlds supporting computer-mediated communication, collaboration, and learning in geographically distributed contexts,”  IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication,  vol. 56, no. 2, 160-175, 2013.

Of a critical study: B. Kanoksilapatham, “Structure of research article introductions in three engineering subdisciplines,”  IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication,  vol. 55, no. 2, 294-309, 2012. Samples of Integrative Literature Reviews Published in the Transactions

J. Ramey & P. G. Rao, “The systematic literature review as a research genre,”  Proceedings of the 2011 International Professional Communication Conference , 2011.

P. G. Rao & J. Ramey, “Use of mobile phones by non-literate and semi-literate people: A systematic literature review,”  Proceedings of the 2011 International Professional Communication Conference , 2011.

[Note that a subscription is required to view the articles.  If you do not already have a subscription, your library might.]

Reviewers’ Expectations

To learn about the criteria that reviewers consider when providing feedback on a research article or integrative literature review,  click here .

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Information for Authors

To be published in the IEEE Future Networks World Forum 2023 Conference Proceedings and to be eligible for publication in IEEE Xplore®, an author of an accepted paper is required to register for the conference, and the paper must be presented by an author of that paper at the conference unless the TPC Chair grants permission for a substitute presenter arranged in advance and who is qualified both to present and answer questions. Other options, such as on-demand recordings or virtual presentations for those who are not able to travel, are being decided on a case-by-case basis.

Guidance for IEEE Publications Regarding AI-Generated Text

The use of artificial intelligence (AI)–generated text in an article shall be disclosed in the acknowledgements section of any paper submitted to an IEEE Conference or Periodical. The sections of the paper that use AI-generated text shall have a citation to the AI system used to generate the text.

This and other submission policies can be found in the IEEE Author Center Conference Author Submission Policies page at  https://conferences.ieeeauthorcenter.ieee.org/author-ethics/guidelines-and-policies/submission-policies/

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

This section provides guidelines regarding acceptable manuscript applications, layouts, fonts, and graphics.

  • Templates:  Please use Microsoft Word or LaTeX to create your document. It is strongly suggested to use the  IEEE templates  that incorporate the correct formatting specifications. If you decide not to use the templates, please be aware that you might incur into problems when submitting the camera ready, where strict formatting according to the  Definition Table and Glossary  will be enforced.
  • Page limit:  The suggested size is five to six (5-6) pages. Papers up to eight (8) printed pages including figures, and tables will be allowed with the purchase of additional page charges at the time of registration and final paper submission.
  • Headers, footers, and page numbers:  No headers, footers, or page numbers should appear on your manuscript.
  • Margins : Papers cannot be accepted with margins smaller than those given in the table below:
  • Fonts : Fonts must be either Post Script or True Type and licensed for embedding. Use of unlicensed and custom-made or hacked fonts is strictly prohibited; your submission will be rejected if it is found to contain them. Below is a list of recommended fonts:
  • Graphics and Images :
  • Choose vector graphics (e.g., .eps or .pdf) over bitmap (.bmp, .png, or .jpg) images because they are electronically efficient and will not conflict with conversions to PDF.
  • All images should be checked by printing to hardcopy if the conference will be producing a book, especially when color images in your paper will be translated to black and white in print.
  • Resolution should be between 150 and 300 dpi or less. Resolutions greater than 300 will cause down sampling; images below 300 will not render well in print.
  • Labels within graphics should have a type point size of 4 or higher.
  • Smooth Graphics should not be used as it often produces extremely large files with slow loading time. The Smooth Graphics option is usually found in the Page Setup Dialog bo

AUTHOR AND PAPER SUBMISSION GUIDELINES

IMPORTANT IEEE POLICY ANNOUNCEMENT:  The IEEE reserves the right to exclude a paper from distribution after the conference (including its removal from IEEE Explore) if the paper is not presented at the conference.

Papers are reviewed on the basis that they do not contain plagiarized material and have not been submitted to any other conference at the same time (double submission). These matters are taken very seriously and the IEEE Communications society will take action against any author who engages in either practice. Follow these links to learn more:

  • IEEE Policy on Plagiarism
  • IEEE Policy on Double Submission

PLEASE NOTE:  To be published in the IEEE Future Networks World Forum 2023 Conference Proceedings and to be eligible for publication in IEEE Xplore®, an author of an accepted paper is required to register for the conference, and the paper must be presented by an author of that paper at the conference unless the TPC Chair grants permission for a substitute presenter arranged in advance and who is qualified both to present and answer questions. Non-refundable registration fees must be paid prior to uploading the final IEEE formatted, publication-ready version of the paper. Accepted and presented papers will be published in the IEEE Future Networks World Forum 2023 Conference Proceedings and submitted to IEEE Xplore®.

During the initial paper submission process via  EDAS , it is the author's responsibility to ensure that the author list and the paper title of the submitted pdf file are an exact match to the author list and paper title on the  EDAS  registration page.  In particular, the  EDAS  registration page must include all co-authors, not just the submitting author. Failure to comply with this rule might result in your paper being withdrawn from the review process. Please be aware that the author list of an accepted paper can NOT be changed in the final manuscript. Only PDF files will be accepted for review, and all submissions must be made through  EDAS .

You may also use one of the following templates for Microsoft Word: A4, US letter.

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Scribbr IEEE Citation Generator

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  • Introduction

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How to cite in IEEE style

IEEE style is a way of citing your sources by listing them all in a numbered reference list at the end of your paper and referring to them with the corresponding number in the text.

IEEE stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the organization responsible for the guidelines. The style is widely used in engineering, computer science, and other technical disciplines, and it’s followed in IEEE’s publications.

Scribbr’s free citation generator can create accurate IEEE style citations for a wide variety of sources.

IEEE references

The numbered reference page appears at the end of your text, listing full information on all the sources you’ve cited. Sources are numbered in the order in which they were cited.

A reference tends to list the author , title , publisher or publication that contains the source, publication date , and URL and DOI if relevant.

Reference examples

The exact information included in a reference varies based on the source type you’re citing. Different details are relevant and available for different sources.

Explore the tabs to see formats and examples for common source types.

When some of the information you need for the reference is missing, you can work around this in various ways, depending on what information is not available.

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IEEE in-text citations

In-text citations in IEEE style consist of the number of the relevant reference, presented in square brackets [1]. You should stick to one of these styles, not a mix of the two. Include a citation whenever you quote or paraphrase a source.

Each source has one number. If you cite the same source repeatedly, use the same number each time.

Incorporating citations into sentences

Citations in IEEE can either just be placed at the relevant point in the sentence (e.g., after the author name or after a quote), or they can be incorporated into the sentence structure by treating them like nouns (essentially replacing the name of the author or study).

In either case, multiple sources cited at the same point are separated by commas or by an en dash (for a range of consecutively numbered sources). This punctuation appears outside the brackets.

Page numbers and other locators

When you quote or paraphrase a specific part of a source, include a page number or range within the brackets to point the reader to the relevant passage.

For sources without page numbers where it’s still important to indicate a specific part, use an alternate locator like a paragraph number. For a short source with no locators, it’s fine to just leave this part out.

Scribbr offers a variety of tools and resources to help with citation and other aspects of academic writing:

  • Citation generator : Scribbr’s free citation generator can create accurate citations in a number of other styles, such as APA, MLA, Harvard, and Chicago.
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  • AI detector: Find out if your text was written with ChatGPT or any other AI writing tool. ChatGPT 2 & ChatGPT 3 supported.
  • Proofreading services : Make sure your writing is clear and professional with the help of an expert editor.
  • Citation Checker : Check your work for citation errors and missing citations.
  • Guide to IEEE style : Understand the rules of IEEE style, and learn how to cite a variety of sources.
  • Guides and videos : Explore our Knowledge Base, our YouTube channel, and a wide variety of other educational resources covering topics ranging from language to statistics.

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COMMENTS

  1. IEEE Paper Format

    IEEE provides guidelines for formatting your paper. These guidelines must be followed when you're submitting a manuscript for publication in an IEEE journal. Some of the key guidelines are: Formatting the text as two columns, in Times New Roman, 10 pt. Including a byline, an abstract, and a set of keywords at the start of the research paper.

  2. General Format

    The paper title should be centered at the top of the first page, in 24-point type. The byline should be centered below the title, after a line break, in 10-point type. It should contain the following, on separate lines: E-mail address (es). The body of the paper should be in 10-point type, and formatted to appear in two columns.

  3. IEEE Citation

    IEEE citation format is a way of citing your sources in a paper. IEEE stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the association that created the guidelines. It is a commonly used citation style in electrical and electronic engineering, in computer science, and in other technical disciplines. It is also used in IEEE's ...

  4. IEEE Overview

    IEEE Overview. This page will introduce you to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style for formatting research papers and citing sources. IEEE - pronounced "I-triple-E" - is a style widely used among all branches of engineering, computer science, and other technological fields. Though the OWL's section on ...

  5. IEEE Reference Page

    IEEE Reference Page | Example & Format. Published on July 19, 2022 by Jack Caulfield.Revised on June 1, 2023. The IEEE reference page (sometimes called the IEEE bibliography) appears at the end of your paper. It's where you list full information about all the sources you've cited, numbered to match your IEEE in-text citations, so that the reader can find and consult them.

  6. IEEE Article Templates

    IEEE article templates let you quickly format your article and prepare a draft for peer review. Templates help with the placement of specific elements, such as the author list. They also provide guidance on stylistic elements such as abbreviations and acronyms. Use the interactive IEEE Template Selector to find the template you need by ...

  7. Structure Your Article

    Highlight what is novel in your work. Include 3-5 keywords or phrases that describe the research, with any abbreviations clearly defined, to help readers find your article. Most authors write the abstract last and edit it multiple times before article publication to ensure it accurately captures the entire article.

  8. PDF IEEE Editorial Style Manual for Authors

    6 andShiyuanFanareco-firstauthors.)".Thereisnoneedtoincludethe"contributedequally"phrase.Inthebyline, oneoftheauthorsmustbelistedfirst ...

  9. PDF IEEE Editorial Style Manual (Online)

    IEEE Transactions' author biographies are generally divided into three paragraphs. The first paragraph begins with the author's full name and IEEE membership history. If provided by the author, the first paragraph may contain a place and/or the date of birth. Next, the author's educational background is listed.

  10. IEEE

    The purpose of a conference template is to provide a consistent format for papers appearing in the conference proceedings. IEEE strongly encourages use of the conference manuscript templates provided below. IEEE conference templates contain guidance text for composing and formatting conference papers. Please ensure that all guidance text is ...

  11. IEEE Format: Full Writing Guide with IEEE Citation Example

    The IEEE reference format is a commonly accepted style for writing, formatting, and citing research papers. The format was created based on the Chicago Manual of Style and is widely used by students and researchers in Computer Science and relevant technical fields. This comprehensive guide will come in handy for every student or young ...

  12. Structure Your Paper

    Refer to the IEEE's policy on Research on Human and Animal Subjects. Introduction. Help the reader understand why your research is important and what it is contributing to the field. Start by giving the reader a brief overview of the current state of research in your subject area. Progress to more detailed information on the specific topic of ...

  13. The Complete Guide to IEEE Format for Academic Papers

    Understanding this format is crucial if you major in computer science, IT, programming, or other technical subjects, as IEEE style is widely used for research papers, technical reports, and academic journals. Read on for tips to master IEEE formatting and citation style. Structuring an IEEE Format Paper

  14. IEEE Paper Format

    IEEE provides guidelines for formatting your paper. These guidelines must be followed when you're submitting a manuscript for publication in an IEEE journal. Some of the key guidelines are: Formatting the text as two columns, in Times New Roman, 10 pt. Including a byline, an abstract, and a set of keywords at the start of the research paper.

  15. PDF How to write for

    and related fields. ieee journals are cited over three times more often in patent applications than other leading publishers' journals [1]. as an ieee author, you will both contribute to and benefit from that impact and reputation. authors need to find your research in order to cite it. The EEE i Xplore digital library is an

  16. IEEE

    For NPS theses, papers, and publications: to cite properly, follow the citation examples and apply the essential rules. The official IEEE style guide contains some inconsistencies and discrepancies. The Thesis Processing Office will continue to accept the BibTeX IEEE format embedded in the NPS LaTeX thesis template.

  17. PDF IEEE REFERENCE GUIDE

    IEEE Transactions, if the issue number or month is not available, research IEEEXplore to update the information. For any ... Basic Format: J. K. Author, "Title of paper," presented at the Abbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State, Country, ... IEEE Summer Power Meeting, Dallas, TX, USA, Jun. 22-27, 1990, Paper 90 SM 690-0 ...

  18. Preparation of papers for IEEE Transactions and Journals ...

    These instructions give you guidelines for preparing papers for IEEE Transactions and Journals. Use this document as a template if you are using Microsoft Word 6.0 or later. Otherwise, use this document as an instruction set. The electronic file of your paper will be formatted further at IEEE. Do not cite references in the abstract. Do not delete the blank line immediately above the abstract.

  19. PDF How to Cite References: IEEE Documentation Style

    IEEE citation style is used primarily for electronics, engineering, telecommunications, computer science, and information technology reports. The three main parts of a reference are as follows: Author's name listed as first initial of first name, then full last. Title of article, patent, conference paper, etc., in quotation marks.

  20. IEEE Format

    IEEE is the acronym for the professional organization, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. IEEE style is a numbered referencing style that uses citation numbers in the text of the paper, provided in square brackets. A full corresponding reference is listed at the end of the paper, next to the respective citation number.

  21. Preparing Research Reports and Integrative Literature Reviews

    The most commonly published format in the IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, these articles report quantitative, qualitative, critical, and mixed methods studies and their results. Examples include experiments, textual analyses, content analyses, surveys, design research, interview-based studies, usability tests, and ethnographies.

  22. IEEE Journal Citation

    In IEEE citation format, you should list the names of up to six authors in a reference on your IEEE reference page.If the source has seven or more authors, just list the first author's name followed by "et al." (in italics): "F. Gupta et al., …". In the main text, if you mention a source with three or more authors, you should use "et al.": "Fowler et al. [11] argue that …"

  23. Information for Authors

    To be published in the IEEE Future Networks World Forum 2023 Conference Proceedings and to be eligible for publication in IEEE Xplore®, an author of an accepted paper is required to register for the conference, and the paper must be presented by an author of that paper at the conference unless the TPC Chair grants permission for a substitute presenter arranged in advance and who is qualified ...

  24. Deepfake Detection: A Systematic Literature Review

    Various approaches have since been described in the literature to deal with the problems raised by Deepfake. To provide an updated overview of the research works in Deepfake detection, we conduct a systematic literature review (SLR) in this paper, summarizing 112 relevant articles from 2018 to 2020 that presented a variety of methodologies.

  25. Free IEEE Citation Generator

    IEEE style is a way of citing your sources by listing them all in a numbered reference list at the end of your paper and referring to them with the corresponding number in the text. IEEE stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the organization responsible for the guidelines.