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How to Plan & Write IELTS Problem Solution Essays

IELTS problem solution essays are the most challenging essay type for many people. The way they are worded can vary hugely which can make it difficult to understand how you should answer the question.

Generally, you’ll be asked to write about both the problem, or cause, and the solution to a specific issue. Sometimes, however, you will only be required to write about possible solutions.

The 3 essay types:

  • Problem and solution
  • Cause and solution
  • Just the solution

Hence, it’s essential that you analyse the question carefully, which I’ll show you how to do in this lesson. I’m also going to demonstrate step-by-step how to plan and write IELTS problem solution essays.

Here’s what we’ll be covering:

  • Identifying IELTS problem solution essays 
  • 6 Common mistakes
  • Essay structure
  • How to plan
  • How to write an introduction
  • How to write main body paragraphs
  • How to write a conclusion

Want  to watch and listen to this lesson?

Click on this video.

Click the links to see lessons on each of these Task 2 essay writing topics. 

Once you understand the process, practice on past questions. Take your time at first and gradually speed up until you can plan and write an essay of at least 250 words in the 40 minutes allowed in the exam.

The Question

Here are two typical IELTS problem solution essay questions. They consist of a statement followed by the question or instruction.

1. One problem faced by almost every large city is traffic congestion.

What do you think the causes are? What solutions can you suggest?

2. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the number of endangered species has increased significantly and we have witnessed more mass extinctions in this period than in any other period of time.

State some reasons for this and provide possible solutions.

These are some examples of different ways in which questions can be phrased. The first half of the questions relate to the problem or cause, the second half to the solution.

What issues does this cause and how can they be addressed?

What are some resulting social problems and how can we deal with them?

What problems arise from this and how can they be tackled?

Why is this? How might it be remedied?

What are the reasons for this, and how can the situation be improved?

Why is this happening, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem?

And here are a few questions where you only have to write about the solution.

How can this situation be improved?

What solutions can you suggest to deal with this problem?

How can this problem be solved?

What measures could be taken to prevent this?

It’s important that you are able to recognise the common synonyms, words and phrases used in problem solution questions. Here are the key words and their synonyms used in the questions above.

  • Problem  – issues, resulting, situation
  • Cause  – reasons, why
  • Solution  – deal with, addressed, tackled, remedied, improved, measures taken, solved, prevent

Before we move on to some common mistakes, I want to quickly explain the difference between a problem and a cause. Read the following examples.

Problem – I've missed the last bus home after visiting my friend for the evening.

Cause – I misread the timetable and thought the bus left at 22.45 when it actually left at 22.35.

The ‘cause’ is the reason for the ‘problem’.  We’ll be looking at question analysis in more detail in a minute.

6 Common Mistakes

These six errors are common in IELTS problem solution essays.

  • Confusing problem and causes questions.
  • Having too many ideas.
  • Not developing your ideas.
  • Not developing both sides of the argument equally.
  • Not linking the problems and solutions.
  • Not being specific enough.

It is common for an essay to consist of a list of problems and solutions without any of them being expanded on or linked to each other. Sometimes, a student will focus on just the problem or only the solution which leads to an unbalanced essay. Both these issues will result in a low score for task achievement.

You must choose just one or two problems and pick solutions directly linked to them. Explain them and give examples.

Another serious error is to write generally about the topic. You need to be very specific with your ideas. Analysing the question properly is essential to avoiding this mistake. I’ll show you how to do this.

Essay Structure

Now let’s look at a simple structure you can use to write IELTS problem solution essays. It’s not the only possible structure but it’s the one I recommend because it’s easy to learn and will enable you to quickly plan and write a high-level essay.

1)  Introduction

  • Paraphrase the question
  • State 1 key problem/cause and related solution

2)  Main body paragraph 1 – Problem or Cause

  • Topic sentence – state the problem or cause
  • Explanation – give detail explaining the problem or cause
  • Example – give an example

3)  Main body paragraph 2 – Solution

  • Topic sentence – state the solution
  • Explanation – give detail explaining the solution

4)  Conclusion

  • Summarise the key points 

This structure will give us a well-balanced essay with 4 paragraphs.

One Problem/Cause & Solution or Two?

Most questions will state problems, causes and solutions in the plural, that is, more than one. However, it is acceptable to write about just one.

This will give you an essay of just over the minimum 250 words. To write about two problems/causes and solutions will require you to write between 350 and 400 words which are a lot to plan and write in the 40 minutes allowed.

It is better to fully develop one problem/cause and solution than ending up with one idea missing an explanation or an example because you run out of time.

The step-by-step essay structure I’m going to show you includes one problem and solution but you can write about two if you feel able to or more comfortable doing so.

How To Plan IELTS Problem Solution Essays

Here’s the question we’re going to be answering in our model essay followed by the 3 steps of the planning process.

One problem faced by almost every large city is traffic congestion.

What do you think the causes are? What solutions can you sugge st?

  • Analyse the question
  • Generate ideas
  • Identify vocabulary

# 1  Analyse the question

This is an essential step in the planning process and will ensure that you answer the question fully. It’s quick and easy to do. You just need to identify 3 different types of words:

1. Topic words

2.  Other keywords

3.  Instruction words

Topics words are the ones that identify the general subject of the question and will be found in the statement part of the question.

One problem faced by almost every large city is traffic congestion .

So, this question is about ‘ traffic congestion’ .

Many people will do this first step of the process and then write about the topic in general. This is a serious mistake and leads to low marks for task achievement.

What we need to do now that we know the general topic, is to understand exactly what aspect of traffic congestion we're being asked to write about.

The  other keywords  in the question tell you the specific topic you must write about. 

By highlighting these words, it’s easy to see that you are being asked to write about the problem of traffic congestion in large cities. Your essay must only include ideas relevant to these ideas.

The instruction words are the question itself. These tell you the type of IELTS problem solution essay you must write. This is a ‘causes and solutions’ question.

# 2  Generate ideas

The next task is to generate some ideas to write about.

There are several different ways to think up ideas. I cover them fully on the  IELTS Essay Planning  page.

We’re going to use the ‘friends technique’. This is the method I prefer as it allows you to take a step back from the stress of the exam situation and think more calmly.

Here’s how it works. Imagine that you are chatting with a friend over a cup of coffee and they ask you this question. What are the first thoughts to come into your head? Plan your essay around these ideas.

Doing this will help you to come up with simple answers in everyday language rather than straining your brain to think of amazing ideas using high-level language, which isn’t necessary.

You might want to try this yourself before reading on for my ideas.

Here are my ideas:

  • Too many cars on the roads – increasing numbers of people own cars, more convenient than buses & trains
  • Inadequate public transport – crowded, old & dirty
  • Poor road layout
  • Rush hour traffic – most people travel to & from work at the same times each day
  • Car sharing, park-and-ride scheme, congestion charge
  • Improve public transport – more frequent and better quality
  • Improve infrastructure – bus lanes, cycle lanes will make it safer for people to cycle
  • Flexible working hours

For each cause you think of, immediately write down a possible solution. This you will ensure that the problems and solutions you think of are linked.

You don’t need to spend long on this as you only need one or two ideas.

I’ve got more far more ideas here than I need as I spent more time thinking about it that I would in the real exam. I’m going to pick just one cause to develop in the essay and one or two solutions.

My advice on making your selection is to choose ideas you can quickly think of an example to illustrate.

Here are my choices:

Cause  – Too many cars on the roads.  Why? – increasing numbers of people own cars, more convenient than buses & trains

Solution  – Park-and-ride schemes

We’re almost ready to start writing our IELTS problem solution essay but first, we have one more task to do.

# 3  Vocabulary

During the planning stage, quickly jot down some vocabulary that comes to mind as you decide which cause and solution you are going to write about, especially synonyms of key words. This will save you having to stop and think of the right language while you’re writing. For example:

  • traffic jam
  • heavy traffic
  • private transport
  • infrastructure

With that done, we can focus on the first paragraph of the essay – the introduction.

How To Write an Introduction

Good  introductions to IELTS problem solution essays have a simple 2 part structure:

  • State 1 key problem/cause and related solution/s (outline sentence)
  • Have 2-3 sentences
  • Be 40-60 words long
  • Take 5 minutes to write

1)  Paraphrase the question

Start your introduction by paraphrasing the question.

Question: One problem faced by almost every large city is traffic congestion.

                  What do you think the causes are? What solutions can you suggest?

Paraphrased question:  

O ne of the most serious issues facing the majority of large urban areas is traffic jams.  

Note my use of synonyms to replace key words in the question statement. You don’t have to replace every key word but do so where possible whilst ensuring that your language sounds natural.

2)  Outline statement

Now we need to add an  outline statement  where we outline the two main points that we’ll cover in the rest of the essay, that is, the cause and the solution I chose earlier. Here they are again.

Cause  – Too many cars on the roads.  Why? – increasing numbers of people own cars, more convenient than buses & trains

And, this is one way to develop them into an outline sentence.

Outline statement:

The main reason for this is that there are too many private cars on the roads these days and a viable solution is to introduce more park-and-ride schemes.

So, let’s bring the two elements of our introduction together.

     Introduction

structure of solution essay

This introduction achieves three important functions:

  • It shows the examiner that you understand the question.
  • It acts as a guide to the examiner as to what your essay is about.
  • It also helps to keep you focused and on track as you write.

The two ideas in your introduction will become your two main body paragraphs.

Main body paragraph 1  –  Too many cars on the roads  

Main body paragraph 2  –  Park-and-ride schemes

How To Write Main Body Paragraphs

Main body paragraphs in IELTS problem solution essays should contain 3 things:

  • Topic sentence – outline the main idea
  • Explanation – explain it and g ive more detail

Main Body Paragraph 1

The  topic sentence  summarises the main idea of the paragraph. That’s all it needs to do so it doesn’t have to be complicated.

It plays an important role in ensuring that your ideas flow logically from one to another. It does this by acting as a signpost for what is to come next, that is, what the paragraph will be about.

If you maintain a clear development of ideas throughout your essay, you will get high marks for task achievement and cohesion and coherence.

We’ll now take the idea for our first main body paragraph and create our topic sentence.

Obviously, we’re going to write about the cause of the problem first.

Main body paragraph 1  –  Too many cars on the roads 

Topic sentence:  

The number of people owning cars increases year on year, with most families now having more than one car. 

Next, we must write an  explanation sentence  that develops the idea.

Explanation sentence: 

Most people like the convenience of travelling at the time they want to rather than being restricted to public transport timetables, so they prefer to drive themselves around rather than taking the bus or train. This is despite the fact that they frequently have to sit in long traffic queues as they near the city centre.

Finally, we add an  example  to support our main point. If you can’t think of a real example, it’s fine to make one up, as long as it’s believable. The examiner isn’t going to check your facts. Alternative, you could add another piece of information to support your idea.

Example sentence:

Whenever I have to attend a meeting in the city, I always drive because it means that I can leave home when I want to rather than getting stressed about getting to the station in time to catch the train.

That’s the 3 parts of our first main body paragraph complete. Here’s the finished paragraph.

structure of solution essay

We now follow the same process for our second main body paragraph.

Main Body Paragraph 2

Main idea 2  –   Park-and-ride schemes

First, we write the  topic sentence  to summarise the main idea. 

Topic sentence:

A solution that is proving successful in many areas is park-and-ride schemes.

Now for the  explanation sentence  where we expand on this idea.

Explanation sentence:

This is where you park your car for free in a large car park on the outskirts of the city and take a bus for the final part of your journey. The fee you have to pay for the bus trip is usually very small and this public transport system is generally very regular, running every ten minutes or so.

Finally, an  example  to support this point.

A survey carried out in the city of Exeter showed that the rush hour congestion decreased by 10% when the council set up a park-and-ride scheme to the north of the city. There was an additional drop of another 10% in traffic volume when a second scheme began operating to the south.

That’s the 3 parts of our second main body paragraph complete. Here’s the finished paragraph.

structure of solution essay

Now we need a conclusion and our IELTS problem solution essay is done.

How To Write a Conclusion

The conclusion is a summary of the main points in your essay and can generally be done in a single sentence. It should never introduce new ideas.

If you're below the minimum 250 words after you’ve written your conclusion, you can add a prediction or recommendation statement.

Our essay is already over the minimum word limit so we don’t need this extra sentence  but you can learn more about how to write a prediction or recommendation statement for IELTS problem solution essays on the Task 2 Conclusions page.

The conclusion is the easiest sentence in the essay to write but one of the most important.

A good conclusion will:

  • Neatly end the essay
  • Link all your ideas together
  • Sum up your argument or opinion
  • Answer the question

If you achieve this, you’ll improve your score for both task achievement and cohesion and coherence which together make up 50% of the overall marks. Without a conclusion, you’ll score below band 6 for task achievement.

You can start almost any final paragraph of an IELTS problem solution essay with the words:

  • In conclusion

        or

  • To conclude

Now all you need to do is briefly summarise the main ideas into one sentence.

Here’s a top tip . Go back and read the introduction to the essay because this is also a summary of the essay. It outlines what you are going to write about.

To create a good conclusion, you simply have to paraphrase the introduction. 

Introduction:

Here is the same information formed into a conclusion.  I’ve also added a personal statement at the end to link back to one of my example sentences. You don’t have to do this but in this case, I think that it rounds the essay off better.

structure of solution essay

That’s it. We’ve completed our essay. Here it is with the 4 paragraphs put together.

Finished IELTS problem solution essay.

structure of solution essay

Go through this lesson as many times as you need to in order to fully understand it and put in lots of practice writing IELTS problem solution essays from past exam questions. Practice is the only way to improve your skills.

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More help with ielts problem solution essays & other task 2 essays.

IELTS Writing Task 2  – T he format, the 5 question types, the 5 step essay writing strategy & sample questions. All the key information you need to know.

The 5 Types of Task 2 Essay   – How to recognise the 5 different types of Task 2 essays. 15 sample questions to study and a simple planning structure for each essay type.

Understanding Task 2 Questions  – How to quickly and easily analyse and understand IELTS Writing Task 2 questions.

How To Plan a Task 2 Essay  – Discover why essay planning is essential & learn a simple 4 step strategy, the 4 part essay structure & 4 methods of generating ideas.

How To Write a Task 2 Introduction  – Find out why a good introduction is essential. Learn how to write one using a simple 3 part strategy & discover 4 common mistakes to avoid.

How To Write Task 2 Main Body Paragraphs  – Learn the simple 3 part structure for writing great main body paragraphs and also, 3 common mistakes to avoid. 

How To Write Task 2 Conclusions  – Learn the easy way to write the perfect conclusion for a Task 2 essay. Also discover 4 common mistakes to avoid.

Task 2 Marking Criteria  – Find out how to meet the marking criteria in Task 2. See examples of good and poor answers & learn some common mistakes to avoid.

The 5 Task 2 Essay Types:

Step-by-step instructions on how to plan & write high-level essays. Model answers & common mistakes to avoid.

   Opinion Essays

   Discussion Essays

  Problem Solution Essays

  Advantages & Disadvantages Essays

  Double Question Essays

Other Related Pages

IELTS Writing Test  – Understand the format & marking criteria, know what skills are assessed & learn the difference between the Academic & General writing tests.

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IELTS Writing: problem and solution essay

In this lesson you’ll learn how to answer problems/solutions questions in IELTS Writing . This type of questions gives you an issue and asks you to describe some common problems associated with it and propose some possible solutions.

  • See problem-solution question sample
  • Learn how to generate ideas
  • Learn band 9 answering strategies
  • See full band 9 answer

Question sample

This is an example of problem-solution question in IELTS Writing:

Despite a large number of gyms, a sedentary lifestyle is gaining popularity in the contemporary world.

What problems are associated with this?

What solutions can you suggest?

How to answer the question?

Before starting to write your answer, you should think of 1-2 problems and 1-2 solutions, so you know what to write about. In our case:

Problems associated with sedentary lifestyle :

structure of solution essay

  • problems with backbone (osteoporosis, scoliosis)

Solutions :

  • promote walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport
  • promote visiting gyms and doing exercises

Now, after we’ve generated some ideas for our essay, it’s time to use them in our writing .

Remember : it’s not enough to simply state these facts, you should also extend the ideas in your writing.

Band 9 answer structure

Although there are many possible ways to structure your essay, we’ll use this band 9 answer structure that has been approved by many IELTS examiners:

Band-9 essay structure:

  • Introduction
  • Body paragraph 1 - problems
  • Body paragraph 2 - effects

Let’s take a look at each of these sections in detail:

Introduction Write your introduction in two sentences:

  • Sentence 1 - paraphrase the statement (you can use ‘nowadays/today/these days’ to start):

These days a sedentary lifestyle is becoming more and more popular despite a big number of sport facilities.

  • Sentence 2 - say what you’ll write about in your essay:

This essay will discuss the main problems associated with this epidemic and propose some possible solutions to avoid them.

Body paragraph 1- problems

  • Sentence 1 - summarise the main problems of inactive lifestyle:

The main problems caused by inactive lifestyle are obesity and various spine disorders.

  • Sentences 2-3 - state and explain the first problem (you can also give an example). It’s very important to expand your opinion! Imagine that your examiner doesn’t know this subject at all and you have to explain everything in detail:

A growing number of body research shows that long periods of physical inactivity raise a risk of becoming overweight. This is because people burn fewer calories and easily gain weight.

  • Sentences 4-5 - describe the second problem (as usual, expand your opinion). You can give an example and use linking words ‘ moreover’ , ’ what’s more’ or ‘ also ’ to start:

What’s more, a lot of studies show that so-called ‘sitting disease’ often results in posture and backbone problems. Due to constant sitting, person loses muscle tissue and curves spine, developing numerous spinal diseases. For example, it has been proven that about 80% of people experience backache at least once a week.

Body paragraph 2 - solutions

  • Sentence 1 - briefly state the main solutions:

In my opinion, the best solution to this problem is promoting active lifestyle.

  • Sentences 2-3 - write the first solution and explain it:

Firstly, millions of people stay less active because they use cars instead of walking. Therefore, an effective way to make people more active is to advertise walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport.

Moreover, inactive lifestyle is gaining popularity because nowadays a lot of people prefer passive rest to workouts in the gym. And the best way to avoid the hazards of unhealthy living is to obtain a regular dose of physical activity. Thus, promoting gyms and regular exercising would increase the level of activity.

Write your conclusion in 2 sentences by summing up the problems and solutions you’ve written in your body paragraphs:

In conclusion, leading a sedentary lifestyle causes a lot of health problems, including obesity and spinal diseases. The most effective solution is to increase the level of fitness among the society by advertising physical activity.

Band 9 answer sample

These days a sedentary lifestyle is becoming more and more popular despite a big number of sport facilities. This essay will discuss the main problems associated with this epidemic and propose some possible solutions to avoid them.

The main problems caused by inactive lifestyle are obesity and various spine disorders. A growing number of body research shows that long periods of physical inactivity raise a risk of becoming overweight. This is because people burn fewer calories and easily gain weight. What’s more, a lot of studies show that so-called ‘sitting disease’ often results in posture and backbone problems. Due to constant sitting, person loses muscle tissue and curves spine, developing numerous spinal diseases. For example, it has been proven that about 80% of people experience backache at least once a week.

In my opinion, the best solution to these problems is promoting active lifestyle. Firstly, millions of people stay less active because they use cars instead of walking. Therefore, an effective way to make people more active is to advertise walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport. Moreover, inactive lifestyle is gaining popularity because nowadays a lot of people prefer passive rest to workouts in the gym. And the best way to avoid the hazards of unhealthy living is to obtain a regular dose of physical activity. Thus, promoting gyms and regular exercising would increase the level of activity.

(268 words)

The Definitive Guide to Writing a Problem Solution Essay

06 February, 2021

13 minutes read

Author:  Josh Carlyle

In this article, we cover the basics of problem solution essay writing. We will explain what a problem and solution essay is in academic and straightforward terms. We shall also cover the four essential components that make this essay coherent. With these four components in mind, we will offer guidance on the outline structure and provide some general writing tips on research and problem solving, as well as some topics and essay samples.

Problem Solution Essay

What is a Problem Solution Essay?

A problem solution essay is a staple of humanities and social science subjects. These essays cover a pressing issue, examine how it causes problems, and offer solutions to these problems. The topic for problem solution essay papers can be incredibly diverse. The problem could be local, regional, or global. It could affect a wide range of people or be part of the discourse on an arcane and obscure aspect of computing.

problem solution essay

If you are wondering how to write a problem solution essay, look no further than its name. The core of a problem solution essay is in the title. In this type of essay, a problem is presented, and a solution is offered. Doing this well requires presenting the issue in an audience-appropriate way and then offering solutions that thoroughly negate any critiques of those solutions. 

4 Components of a Problem Solution Essay

In a problem and solution essay, the following aspects must be included:  

  • The Situation: this opening part is where the foundation of the problem lies. It is not an introduction in the sense that you may be familiar with or an abstract that covers the entirety of your thesis. Rather, it is a short and straightforward briefing that will make a layperson familiar with the situation at hand.
  • The Problem: this part provides specifics of the problem. Detailed dissections of evidence take place here; we’ll summarise those later in the evaluation section. 
  • The Solution: this component covers push-back specific solutions you may encounter. Part of a correct answer is thinking of your opponents’ perspectives and ensuring that they address their assumptions and points.
  • The Evaluation: in this section, it is crucial to write with brevity and wit; this will make your position memorable. Readers will often remember the last part of essays they read, so make sure it represents a microcosm of your essay as a whole. 

These components are the essence of the structure required in a problem solution essay. The actual structure you will work with will require a finer granulation of sections. For instance, in the solution section, the critiques will also need to have a review applied, demonstrating their lack of applicability or irrelevance. 

Problem Solution Essay Outline

The best guide for a problem solution essay outline is the four components mentioned above. Cover the situation, the problem, the solution, and then evaluate both or all sides of the story. 

To drill down further into the outline, you should have an introduction that will set out your paper’s structure. Then you should present the situation. Keep this section free from emotive language. Use it to ensure the reader has all the facts, and imagine that you want everyone reading the paper to be on a level playing field in terms of knowledge and framing of the problem.

In the problem section, you must explain why there is a particular issue. At this point in your essay, ensure that you do not leave the door open to other causes of the problem. Find ways to make the problem something that the reader cares about and wants to solve, but beware of assuming the reader is on your side simply because you’ve said some things and made some points. 

Once the situation has been explained, and the problem elucidated, present your solution. It  should use evidence, and you should be able to explain how it directly relates to the question.  Don’t use ad hominem attacks or go polemic. Unravel the problem with your solution. Take it to step by step and keep your writing composed.

In the evaluation section, you should find your argument’s weaknesses and the views that find fault with your solution.

How To Find Solutions to Your Problems

You can find solutions to your problems by researching them; someone will have asked the question before, or one very similar to it. You can talk to your peers and even conduct polls on social media to gauge the public’s position on various solutions. 

Another way of finding solutions include flipping your perspective. Take the position of the other side and see the world through their gaze. By putting yourself in the opponent’s shoes, you can see weaknesses in your ideas and perhaps adjust them to take on more relevance to more people or factor in an aspect that you had overlooked.

Ultimately, the best way to find solutions is to read and read some more. Try looking in your library if you prefer books to the internet, but don’t leave Google out of it. Using the search engine correctly, you can dig up all kinds of books, papers, and presentations that will be very useful in your studies.

Problem Solution Essay Topics

The list of problem solution essay topics is very long. As mentioned earlier, the problem can be a local issue, affecting a specific demographic or being universal. Regardless of the topic you choose, there are another million waiting for an answer.

To start you off, the climate crisis is an excellent area for debate. 

  • How do we deal with stranded assets in the fossil fuel industry and financial sector? 
  • What should the laws be surrounding new cars run on petrol and diesel? 
  • How should electrification be carried out in developing nations? Is a carbon tax a viable way to reduce emissions? 

Other problem solution essay ideas might include social media’s effect on dopamine levels, gerrymandering in electoral districts, or the working week’s length. 

Problem Solution Essay Examples

Reading previous papers is a fantastic method to improve your grades. Study essays that get top marks and some of the ones which get lower marks. The difference will be apparent in their vocabulary, logic, and evidence. Read a few problem solution essay sample papers but don’t plagiarize them; always cite your sources. Here are a few examples to help you get started: 

https://www.eapfoundation.com/writing/essays/problemsolution/  

https://www.ieltsbuddy.com/problem-solution-essays.html  

Writing Tips for a Problem Solution Essay

An essay is a complex task to complete. That’s why it’s useful to break down the whole into several steps. 

Step one is to conduct some thorough research and planning. If you have free choice over the problem at hand, then start by brainstorming some groups you belong to and decide whether they’re officially mandated ones like a sports team or a club, or broader, like your sex, gender, nationality, or language grouping.

After this, jot down some issues in the groups. Are you struggling to manage the payment plan for your sports hall? Has there been an instance of bullying or shaming in your school? With the topic in mind, move onto research. 

When researching your topic, it’s always useful to remember that there is nothing new under the sun. It is almost definite that similar problems have arisen before, and most solutions already exist.

Then, conduct and compose a literature review on the topic. A literature review is an excellent addition to your essay as a standalone section. It helps to situate your issue within the world and builds relations to other similar problems. 

You may think you have nothing to say about the problem or find it hard to justify your opinion. Well, in the problem solution essay, your voice matters. Always try to back up what you’re saying through evidence and try not to stray into writing a polemic. Yet, passion and emotion are useful tools for framing the problem. Just try not to make these responses the whole essay.

As far as solving problems goes, you can use some general mechanics to come up with solutions. The following paragraphs will present some of these logical mechanics; feel free to use them in your writing:

  • Add something new: this solution works when something is lacking. The problem may be a lack of funding, equipment, or motivation. The assumed problem when using this angle of attack is that there is a lack of resources available. Concrete examples of this could include more teaching assistants in education, longer opening hours at a library, or more significant legislation to protect the environment.
  • Remove something: this is the inverse of the previous point. Inversing is a useful strategy for thinking about problems in general. If something is too crowded or too busy, it might be a solution to limit exposure to something and devise a solution. 
  • Education: learning is a more specific aspect of ‘adding something’; it presupposes that a lack of information and awareness is the cause of the problem. If people had this knowledge, the theory goes that the issue would disappear or reduce because people could make informed decisions and correct their behavior.
  • Enforcement: if something like school rules, or even the law, is being ignored, proper enforcement might be a solution. Enforcement has its own sets of problems. This angle is an excellent way to write an unfolding and varied essay as it requires lots of discussion around proper enforcement. Making people do things they don’t want to do is a tricky situation and is riddled with structural and psychological issues.
  • Compromising: proposing compromise through mediation or bi-partisan effort is another complex solution. To work effectively, it has to involve people who possess robust negotiation techniques. But settlements happen all the time, so they’re a powerful solution to many problems. It may be useful to learn about zero-sum and relative issues to argue this case correctly.
  • A change in leadership: leaders can become stale and cumbersome; they may get weighed down by responsibility and have a low tolerance for change. Although, many problems require systemic changes, such as the climate crisis. With an established leader in charge, progress could be slow as they may be blinkered by their position. In this case, they are proposing an election or vote of confidence as a solution that can break the deadlock and offer people a chance to voice their concerns through voting.

One could surmise that the problem and solution essay is an incredibly relevant style of writing. By dissecting an issue and coming up with solutions, you learn a skill that is useful in many careers and practices. But writing one effectively requires both passion and perseverance; writing about topics that move us, though letting the fire burn too brightly, can put readers off or lead them to ignore their blind spots. 

Follow the structures set out above and make sure to proofread your essays before submission. Finding a good editor is always a positive step; they can help to rephrase your words so that your argument comes across more fluently. 

Writing drafts is good practice, although not always possible due to time constraints. Ideally, you should work through two drafts before submitting a final piece; if the essay makes up a small part of your overall grade, adjust the drafting process accordingly. 

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Problem solution writing has been speaking truth to power for millennia. HandmadeWriting loves seeking solutions as much as it loves a simple academic essay or lab report. It’s hard to become a good essay writer without getting critical at times. That’s why we pride ourselves on producing some of the most compelling content around. So be the next one to enjoy our writing and get an A+ for it.

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An Ultimate Guide to Writing IELTS Problem Solution Essays

Janice Thompson

Updated On Nov 08, 2023

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An Ultimate Guide to Writing IELTS Problem Solution Essays

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Introduction

The IELTS problem solution essays are a type of IELTS writing task 2 essay that asks you to discuss a problem and propose possible solutions. These problem solution essays are designed to assess your ability to identify, analyze, and evaluate problems, as well as your ability to develop and articulate effective solutions.

The IELTS problem solution essay topics can be drawn from a variety of sources and are based on real-world situations and issues. Therefore, to do well in writing task 2, it is important to be familiar with the range of IELTS problem solution essay topics.

Identifying IELTS Problem Solution Essays

Each essay type has a unique structure, so it’s important to identify the type of essay you’re writing before you start. Problem solution essays in IELTS are often worded as follows:

It is important to be able to identify the common synonyms, words, and phrases used in problem solution questions. Here are the key words and their synonyms used in the examples above:

  • Problem : issues, resulting, situation
  • Cause : reasons, why
  • Solution : deal with, addressed, tackled, remedied, improved, measures taken, solved, prevent

However, you will mostly be asked to write about both the problem and its solution. The first part of the question will state the problem or cause, and the second part will ask you to identify solutions.

How to Write a Problem Solution Essay IELTS?

To plan and write a problem solution essay IELTS, you can follow these steps:

  • Understand the question

The first step is to carefully read the question and understand what is being asked. You should identify the problem, the cause(s) of the problem, and the required solution(s).

  • Brainstorm your ideas

Once you understand the question, take some time to brainstorm your ideas. What are the different aspects of the problem? What are the possible causes? What are the different solutions that could be implemented?

  • Organize your ideas

Once you have a good understanding of the problem and its possible solutions, it is time to organize your ideas into a logical structure.

  • Write your essay

When writing your essay, be sure to use clear and concise language. Avoid using complex sentences and jargon. You should also support your claims with evidence from credible sources.

  • Proofread your essay

Once you have finished writing your essay, be sure to proofread it carefully for any errors in grammar, spelling, or punctuation.

Now that we have understood how to write a problem solution essay, let’s have a look at the structure of a problem solution essay.

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Structure of Problem Solution Essay

Let’s do an example problem solution essay to understand the above mentioned structure.

Problem Solution Essay Example with Structure

Introduction:.

  • Before you begin writing your problem solution essay,  read  the question and  identify  the problem/ solution.
  • Note down the ideas that come to your mind naturally. For example, look at the table below.
  • Choose one of the  problems  and discuss it in detail. Here’s an example:
  • Problem : Dumping of industrial wastes into the nearby water bodies.
  • Solution : They must be treated, purified and recycled.
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Biodegradable products
  • Water bodies such as lakes, rivers etc

You should paraphrase the question and outline the problem and solution in your introduction as mentioned below:

Body Paragraph 1:

The body paragraph 1 must be organised as follows:

  • Main body paragraph 1:  Letting out of industrial wastes in nearby water bodies
  • Central idea:  Industries are increasing in number.
  • Explanation : There are no strict rules in place regarding the environment. So industries let out their wastes into the nearby water bodies such as lakes, rivers, etc which affects the respective eco-system and thereby leading to more serious issues.
  • Example : As installing a wastewater treatment plant is an additional burden and is costly, it is easier to let the waste water into the nearby water bodies as nobody questions this.

The completed main body paragraph 1 will look like this :

Body Paragraph 2:

The body paragraph 2 must be organised as follows:

  • Main body paragraph 2:  Industrial wastewater treatment
  • Central idea:  Installing Industrial waste water treatment plants could be beneficial to the environment.
  • Explanation : Industrial wastewater treatment illustrates the processes used for treating wastewater that is produced by industries into a by-product. The treated industrial wastewater may be reused or released to a sanitary sewer.
  • Examples:  There are proven records for reducing water pollution after wastewater treatment.

The completed main body paragraph 2 will look like this :

Conclusion:

  • Make sure to sum up all that has been in the previous paragraphs.
  • Use words like in summary, to summarise, to conclude, or as a conclusion, etc.

The final conclusion will look like this:

Therefore, the finished essay will have the following structure:

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Common Mistakes to Avoid in IELTS Problem Solution Essays

Following are some of the Common mistakes that should be avoided in IELTS problem solution essays

  • Not understanding the difference between a problem and its causes.
  • Trying to include too many ideas in the essay, without developing them fully.
  • Not considering both sides of the argument equally.
  • Not linking the problems to the solutions.
  • Not being specific enough in the discussion of the problems and solutions.

Read:  All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites

Tips for IELTS Problem Solution Essays

Here are some of the tips to follow while practicing or writing an IELTS Problem Solution Essays:

  • Read and understand the instructions given in the question (sometimes the question might ask to write about the cause of the issue as well).
  • Follow the word count (no less than 250 words)
  • Plan the problems and solutions you wish to write about, before starting to write.
  • Start the essay with an introduction paragraph and conclude it with a conclusion paragraph, with the body paragraph between the two.
  • If you’re asked to write about both, cause and the solution, then you can write the cause in one body paragraph and the solution in the next body paragraph.

Pro tip:  To avoid a low score in IELTS problem solution essays, focus on one or two problems and identify specific solutions. Explain the problems and solutions in detail, with examples.

Check out some of the  Recent Writing Task 2 Essay Topics for IELTS 2023

Problem Solution Essay IELTS Topics:

Here are some sample IELTS problem solution essay topics:

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Frequently Asked Questions

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Janice Thompson

Janice Thompson

Soon after graduating with a Master’s in Literature from Southern Arkansas University, she joined an institute as an English language trainer. She has had innumerous student interactions and has produced a couple of research papers on English language teaching. She soon found that non-native speakers struggled to meet the English language requirements set by foreign universities. It was when she decided to jump ship into IELTS training. From then on, she has been mentoring IELTS aspirants. She joined IELTSMaterial about a year ago, and her contributions have been exceptional. Her essay ideas and vocabulary have taken many students to a band 9.

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Composition Type: Problem-Solution Essays

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  • Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia
  • M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester
  • B.A., English, State University of New York

In composition , using a problem-solution format is a method for analyzing and writing about a topic by identifying a problem and proposing one or more solutions. A problem-solution essay is a type of argument. "This sort of essay involves argumentation in that the writer seeks to convince the reader to take a particular course of action. In explaining the problem, it may also need to persuade the reader concerning specific causes" (Dave Kemper et al., "Fusion: Integrated Reading and Writing," 2016).

The Thesis Statement

In many types of report writing, the thesis statement is posed front and center, in one sentence. Author Derek Soles writes about how the thesis statement in a problem-solution paper differs from a straight "report of findings" type of text:

"[One]  expository  mode is the problem-solution essay, topics for which are typically framed in the form of questions. Why did fourth-graders from poor families score low on a nationwide math test, and how can educators improve math education for this group? Why is Iran a threat to our national security, and how can we reduce this threat? Why did it take the Democratic Party so long to select a candidate for the 2008 presidential election, and what can the party do to make the process more efficient in the future? These essays have two parts: a full explanation of the nature of the problem, followed by an analysis of solutions and their likelihood of success."
("The Essentials of Academic Writing," 2nd ed. Wadsworth, Cengage, 2010)

Readers need additional context before you get to your thesis, but that is not to say that the thesis has to be posed as a question in the introduction:  

"In a problem-solution essay, the thesis statement usually proposes the solution. Because readers must first understand the problem, the thesis statement usually comes after a description of the problem. The thesis statement does not have to give details about the solution. Instead, it summarizes the solution. It should also lead naturally to the body of the essay, preparing your reader for a discussion of how your solution would work."
(Dorothy Zemach and Lynn Stafford-Yilmaz, "Writers at Work: The Essay." Cambridge University Press, 2008)

Sample Introductions

It can be helpful to see completed examples before writing in order to examine what makes for an effective piece. See how these introductions give some context before posing the topic and lead naturally into the body paragraphs, where the evidence will be listed. You can imagine how the author has organized the rest of the piece.

"We buried my cousin last summer. He was 32 when he hanged himself from a closet coat rack in the throes of alcoholism, the fourth of my blood relatives to die prematurely from this deadly disease. If America issued drinking licenses, those four men—including my father, who died at 54 of liver failure—might be alive today."
(Mike Brake, "Needed: A License to Drink."  Newsweek , March 13, 1994)
"America is suffering from overwork. Too many of us are too busy, trying to squeeze more into each day while having less to show for it. Although our growing time crunch is often portrayed as a personal dilemma, it is, in fact, a major social problem that has reached crisis proportions over the past twenty years."
(Barbara Brandt, "Whole Life Economics: Revaluing Daily Life." New Society, 1995)
"The modern-day apartment dweller is faced with a most annoying problem: paper-thin walls and sound-amplifying ceilings. To live with this problem is to live with the invasion of privacy. There is nothing more distracting than to hear your neighbors' every function. Although the source of the noise cannot be eliminated, the problem can be solved."
(Maria B. Dunn, "One Man's Ceiling Is Another Man's Floor: The Problem of Noise")

Organization

In "Passages: A Writer's Guide, " how to organize a problem-solution paper is explained:  

"Though to some extent [your organization of the paper] depends on your topic, do make sure that you include the following information:
Introduction: Identify the problem in a nutshell. Explain why this is a problem, and mention who should be concerned about it.
Problem Paragraph(s): Explain the problem clearly and specifically. Demonstrate that this is not just a personal complaint, but a genuine problem that affects many people.
"Solution Paragraph(s): Offer a concrete solution to the problem, and explain why this is the best one available. You may want to point out why other possible solutions are inferior to yours. If your solution calls for a series of steps or actions to be followed, present these steps in a logical order.
"Conclusion: Reemphasize the importance of the problem and the value of your solution. Choose a problem that you have experienced and thought about—one that you have solved or are in the process of solving. Then, in the essay itself, you may use your own experience to illustrate the problem. However, don't focus all the attention on yourself and on your troubles. Instead, direct the essay at others who are experiencing a similar problem. In other words, don't write an I essay ('How I Cure the Blues'); write a you essay ('How You Can Cure the Blues')."
(Richard Nordquist, Passages: A Writer's Guide , 3rd ed. St. Martin's Press, 1995)
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Ultimate guide to writing a problem solution essay, carla johnson.

  • June 14, 2023
  • Essay Topics and Ideas , How to Guides

A problem-solution essay is a type of academic writing in which the writer has to describe a problem, suggest a solution, and back up their solution with evidence. In everyday life, being able to solve problems is a key skill that helps us get past problems and reach our goals. Writing a problem-solution essay can help students learn how to think critically and solve problems, as well as how to explain their ideas clearly.

The goal of a problem-solution essay is to describe a problem, suggest a solution, and back up your solution with evidence. This kind of essay requires research, analysis, and creative thinking in order to come up with real-world solutions that could work.

In this article, we’ll show you how to write a problem-solution essay from start to finish, including how to choose a topic, identify the problem, suggest a solution, and back up your solution with evidence. We’ll also talk about common mistakes to avoid when writing a problem-solution essay and give you examples of good problem-solution essays to help you get started.

This guide will give you the tools you need to master the art of writing a problem-solution essay , whether you’re a student who wants to improve your writing skills or a professional who wants to solve real-world problems. So let’s get started!

What You'll Learn

Understanding the Structure of a Problem Solution Essay

To write a successful problem solution essay, it’s important to understand the structure and key elements of the essay. Here are some important aspects to consider:

1. Basic format of a problem solution essay: Usually, the essay starts with an introduction that gives some background on the problem. This is followed by a thesis statement that explains how the problem could be solved. In the body, evidence and arguments are given to support the solution. In the conclusion, the main points are summed up and the thesis statement is restated.

2. Importance of an effective introduction and thesis statement: The tone of the rest of the essay is set by the introduction and thesis statement. The introduction should grab the reader’s attention and explain why the problem is important. The thesis statement , on the other hand, should make it clear what solution is being proposed.

3. Elements of a strong body section: In the body, you should give evidence and arguments to back up the solution you’ve suggested. This can include facts, numbers, the opinions of experts, and real-world examples. It’s important to think about and answer possible counterarguments if you want your argument as a whole to be stronger.

4. Key points to consider when writing the conclusion: The conclusion should summarize the main points of the essay and restate the thesis statement . It’s important to leave the reader with a clear understanding of the proposed solution and its potential impact.

Choosing a Topic for Your Problem Solution Essay

When choosing a topic for your problem solution essay, it’s important to select a topic that is relevant and meaningful to you. Here are some importantfactors to consider:

1. Criteria for selecting a topic: Choose a topic that addresses a real-world problem that has a significant impact on individuals or society. The problem should be specific enough to allow for a focused solution, but broad enough to provide ample evidence and arguments.

2. Brainstorming techniques: Brainstorm potential ideas by considering issues that affect your community, workplace, or personal life. Conduct research to identify current trends and issues that are relevant to your topic.

3. Refining your topic: Once you have a list of potential topics, narrow down your options by considering the feasibility of the proposed solution, the availability of evidence to support your argument, and the potential impact of the solution.

By selecting a well-defined problem and proposing a viable solution with supporting evidence, you can write a problem solution essay that effectively communicates your ideas and inspires others to take action.

In summary, writing a problem solution essay requires careful planning and preparation, as well as the ability to identify a problem, propose a solution, and provide evidence to support your solution. By understanding the key elements of a problem solution essay and following the tips provided in this guide, you can write a powerful and effective essay that addresses real-world problems and inspires change.

Conducting Research and Gathering Information

Research is a critical component of writing a problem solution essay. Here are some important aspects to consider when conducting research and gathering information:

1. Importance of research in a problem solution essay: Research provides the evidence and information needed to support the proposed solution. It also helps to identify potential counterarguments and provides a broader context for the problem .

2. Types of sources to use: Use a variety of sources, including academic journals, books, government reports, and reputable news sources. Be sure to evaluate the credibility and reliability of each source before using it in your essay .

3. Tips for conducting effective research: Start by conducting a broad search using keywords related to your topic. Use advanced search tools to refine your search and identify relevant sources. Take detailed notes and organize your research to make it easier to reference later.

Developing a Problem Solution Essay Outline

An outline is an important tool for organizing and structuring your problem solution essay. Here are some important aspects to consider when developing an outline:

1. Importance of an outline: An outline helps to ensure that your essay has a clear and logical structure. It also helps to identify potential gaps in your argument and ensure that all key points are addressed.

2. Basic structure of an outline: The basic structure of an outline includes an introduction, body section, and conclusion. Each section should be broken down into subsections that address specific points related to the problem and solution .

3. Tips for creating a comprehensive outline: Start by identifying the key points and arguments that support the proposed solution. Use bullet points or numbering to organize each point and ensure that they are logically arranged. Be sure to include evidence and examples to support each point and address potential counterarguments. In the conclusion section, summarize the main points and restate the thesis statement .

By creating a comprehensive outline, you can ensure that your problem solution essay has a clear and logical structure, and that all key points are addressed. It can also help to make the writing process easier and more efficient, as you can simply expand on each point in the outline as you write the essay .

Writing Your Problem Solution Essay

Once you have conducted research and developed an outline, it’s time to start writing your problem solution essay. Here are some important aspects to consider when writing your essay:

1. Crafting an effective introduction: Start with a hook that grabs the reader’s attention, provide background information on the problem, and end with a clear and concise thesis statement that outlines the proposed solution.

2. Strategies for presenting the problem: Use data, statistics, and real-world examples to illustrate the problem and its impact. Be sure to provide enough detail to make the problem clear and compelling.

3. Techniques for proposing solutions: Present the proposed solution in a clear and concise manner, and provide evidence to support its effectiveness. Address potential counterarguments and provide rebuttals to strengthen the overall argument.

4. Tips for writing a persuasive conclusion: Summarize the main points of the essay, restate the thesis statement, and end with a strong statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

Editing and Revising Your Problem Solution Essay

Editing and revising are important steps in the writing process that can help to improve the overall quality of your problem solution essay. Here are some important aspects to consider when editing and revising your essay:

1. Importance of editing and revising: Editing and revising can help to identify and correct errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation. It can also help to ensure that the essay has a clear and logical structure, and thatthe argument is well-supported and persuasive.

2. Techniques for proofreading your essay: Take a break from the essay and come back to it later with fresh eyes. Read it aloud to catch errors that you may have missed when reading silently. Use spell-check and grammar-check tools, but don’t rely on them completely.

3. Tips for receiving feedback and making revisions: Share your essay with peers, teachers, or writing tutors to get feedback on your writing. Consider their suggestions and make revisions as needed. Be open to constructive criticism and use it to improve your writing skills .

By editing and revising your problem solution essay, you can ensure that it is well-written, persuasive, and effective in communicating your ideas and proposed solution. Remember to take the time to carefully review and refine your essay before submitting it for grading or publication.

Problem Solution Essay Examples

Looking for some inspiration for your problem solution essay? Here are ten inspiring examples of problem solution essays:

1. Addressing the issue of food waste in households

2. Reducing the carbon footprint of the transportation industry

3. Solving the problem of homelessness in urban areas

4. Addressing the issue of cyberbullying in schools

5. Developing sustainable farming practices to protect the environment

6. Solving the problem of addiction among teenagers

7. Addressing the issue of gender inequality in the workplace

8. Solving the problem of water scarcity in arid regions

9. Developing effective strategies to combat obesity in children

10. Addressing the issue of racial discrimination in law enforcement

Each of these examples provides a clear problem statement, proposes a viable solution, and presents evidence to support the proposed solution. Analyzing these examples can provide valuable insights into the structure and content of a well-written problem solution essay.

Problem Solution Essay Topics

Here are fifty problem solution essay topics that cover a variety of fields:

1. Addressing the problem of plastic waste in the oceans

2. Solving the issue of gun violence in the United States

3. Developing effective strategies to address mental health issues in schools

4. Addressing the issue of income inequality in society

5. Developing sustainable energy sources to reduce reliance on fossil fuels

6. Solving the problem of food insecurity in impoverished communities

7. Addressing the issueof racial disparities in healthcare

8. Developing effective strategies to address climate change

9. Solving the problem of air pollution in urban areas

10. Addressing the issue of animal cruelty in industrial farming

11. Developing effective strategies to address the opioid epidemic

12. Solving the problem of water pollution in rivers and lakes

13. Addressing the issue of cyber security in businesses and governments

14. Developing effective strategies to address the refugee crisis

15. Solving the problem of inadequate access to education in developing countries

16. Addressing the issue of police brutality and racial profiling

17. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of child labor

18. Solving the problem of inadequate access to healthcare in rural areas

19. Addressing the issue of human trafficking

20. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of domestic violence

21. Solving the problem of corruption in governments and businesses

22. Addressing the issue of income disparities in the education system

23. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of fake news

24. Solving the problem of inadequate access to clean water in developing countries

25. Addressing the issue of gender discrimination in the workplace

26. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of drug addiction

27. Solving the problem of inadequate access to affordable housing

28. Addressing the issue of police brutality against people with disabilities

29. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of human overpopulation

30. Solving the problem of inadequate access to mental healthcare in rural areas

31. Addressing the issue of elder abuse in nursing homes

32. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of food deserts in urban areas

33. Solving the problem of bullying in schools

34. Addressing the issue of income disparities in the criminal justice system

35. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of homelessness among veterans

36. Solving the problem of inadequate access to safe and reliable public transportation

37. Addressing the issue of workplace harassment and discrimination

38. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of police brutality against LGBTQ+ individuals

39. Solving the problem of inadequate access to quality education for students with disabilities

40. Addressing the issue of animal testing in the cosmetic industry

41. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of voter suppression

42. Solving the problem of inadequate access to affordable and high-quality childcare

43. Addressing the issue of racism and discrimination in the criminal justice system

44. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of illegal immigration

45. Solving the problem of inadequate access to mental healthcare for veterans

46. Addressing the issue of workplace discrimination against pregnant women

47. Developing effective strategies to address the problem of police brutality against people with mental illnesses

48. Solving the problem of inadequate access to affordable and healthy food in rural areas

49. Addressing the issue of gun violence in schools

50. Developing effective strategies to address the problem ofcyberbullying among adolescents

These topics can be customized and refined based on your interests and expertise. Consider choosing a topic that you are passionate about and that aligns with your academic or professional goals .

1. What is a problem solution essay?

A problem solution essay is a type of academic writing that requires the writer to identify a problem, propose a solution, and provide evidence to support the proposed solution.

2. What are the elements of a problem solution essay?

The key elements of a problem solution essay include an introduction that provides background information and a clear thesis statement, a body section that presents evidence and arguments to support the proposed solution, and a conclusion that summarizes the main points and reiterates the thesis statement.

3. How do I choose a topic for a problem solution essay?

When choosing a topic, consider selecting a real-world problem that has a significant impact on individuals or society. The topic should be specific enough to allow for a focused solution, but broad enough to provide ample evidence and arguments. Brainstorm potential ideas and conduct research to identify current trends and issues that are relevant to your topic.

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  • The Ultimate Guide to Write Effective Problem Solution Essay
  • Mastering The Art of Academic Essay Writing With Examples

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Problem-solution essay is a common type of expository essay in academic writing. These essays are usually assigned to students in higher levels of education because they require effective research on the topic before providing foolproof solutions to the problems.

Table of Contents

  • What is a problem-solution essay
  • Structure of a problem-solving essay
  • Introduction element:hook
  • Introduction element:background brief
  • Introduction element: thesis statement
  • Introduction element: outline
  • Body paragraph of a problem-solution essay
  • Conclusion of a problem-solution essay

If you are also a student, there are possibilities that you will also get the task of writing an essay for a college/school assessment. Most probably you have gotten one and that’s why you are here we guess.

Besides, we know that researching and writing a problem and solution essay can be a head-scratcher sometimes. Moreover, students often get confused with the structure, thesis statement, and what to write in the body paragraphs of a problem solution essay. Lack of proper knowledge in writing a good problem and solution essay could result in lower credits.

However, before writing a problem solution essay, it is essential to identify the right problem that needs to be discussed in the essay. For this, you need to effectively brainstorm some of the ideas and then choose the right problems to address unless the topic is already assigned by your professors.

Now that you have effectively chosen a good topic for writing, you must go through a stepwise approach for writing an impressive problem solution essay. So, before starting to write an essay, it is essential to know what exactly is a problem-solution essay.

What is a problem-solution essay?

As the name suggests, a problem solution essay offers the solutions to a specific problem discussed in the essay. The problem solution essay intends to present either multiple solutions to a single problem or one ideal solution to the problem discussed in the essay.

In the book, Fusion: Integrated Reading and Writing (2016), the author Dave Kemper defined a problem-solving essay, “This sort of essay involves argumentation in that the writer seeks to convince the reader to take a particular course of action. In explaining the problem, it may also need to persuade the reader concerning specific causes”. To understand the problem-solving essay more comprehensively, let’s have a look at some of the example topics of problem-solving essays.

  • Elaborate on some of the effective solutions to reduce poverty.
  • Describe solutions to the problem of rising drug abuse in adolescents.
  • Elucidate the measure that can be taken to prevent human trafficking.

To continue, as seen in the above examples, some critical social problems are addressed and effective solutions need to be presented. Problems can be complex social issues like drug abuse or environmental problems like climate change that concern the entire planet. In most problem-solution essays, the problems are peculiar and have large scale implications.

But in order to effectively present a problem and its foolproof solutions, it is necessary to follow the right structure of writing a good problem solution essay. So, let’s get started with the structure.

How to structure the problem-solving essay?

Giving the right structure to an essay is an important aspect of writing a good essay because the better the structure, the more easily your reader or audience can navigate through your essay. In the case of a problem or solution essay, the structure is even more important because through the right structure only, your audience would be able to understand the given problem and your provided solutions more effectively.

In the problem solution essays, the structure is quite similar to the other essays that start with an essay introduction and is followed by body paragraphs and conclusions. To simplify, the standard structure of a problem solution consists of four paragraphs in which the introduction usually starts with asking a question that reflects the main problem. Along with this, the introduction also consists of the outline and the thesis statement of the essay.

Various ways of structuring of problem solution essay

Following the introduction, as per standard structuring, there will be two body paragraphs in which one will talk about the problem while the paragraph will present the solutions. The number of paragraphs containing the problem and solution can be extended as per the desired length of the essay. In the end, the conclusion of the essay will be provided that will sum up the key arguments. Let us delve into the introduction of a problem- solution essay.

How to write the introduction of a problem-solving essay?

An introduction is an important aspect of an essay because through an impressive introduction only, you will be able to convince your readers to read your essay till the end. In the case of a problem-solving essay, your introduction should be engaging enough to give a clear idea to the readers about the given problem/situation and whom the problem majorly impacts.

However, while writing an introduction there are a few other important aspects that need to be taken into consideration.

The crucial aspect is that your introduction should always contain

  • Background information
  • Thesis statement

That being said, the further sections will deliberately explain all the elements one by one to give you a clear picture of writing essays. Besides, every section will contain a sample element of the essay topic: Elaborate on some of the effective solutions to reduce poverty.

Explanation through an example will assist you in better understanding how to write each element meticulously. So, let’s move ahead without further ado.

Introduction element: Hook of a problem-solving essay

A hook is a very first and crucial element of writing an engaging essay introduction. Its presence in the introduction of the essay will assist you in intriguing the curiosity of the reader that will encourage them to read till the end.

Besides, the hook in the introduction of a problem-solving essay could be of various types. It can be a fun fact/claim or an astonishing statistic that directly points toward the problem which will assist in grabbing the attention of the reader from the very beginning.

Besides, in the case of a problem solution essay, you can also create a hook by asking valid questions related to the problem discussed in the essay to involve your reader in your essay as well. As per our example, the sample hook is given below.

Sample hook

Approximately 85% of the world is currently living on less than $30 per day. More than two-thirds of the same lives on less than $10 per day. Moreover, every 10th person survives on less than $1.90 per day (Roser & Ortiz-Ospina, 2022).

After hooking the readers on interesting information, it is time to give background information about the problem.

Introduction element: Background brief of a problem-solving essay

The background information will be provided to make your readers understand the context of the essay. In the case of a problem solution essay, you will provide background information about the problem that will clearly answer a few of the given questions below.

  • What is the problem?
  • How big is the problem?
  • Whom does the problem majorly affect?

Background information will assist the readers in understanding the urgency of the problem and will also highlight the major reason behind the need for highlighting the problem. In accordance with our example, the sample background information is given below.

Sample background brief

Poverty is becoming a global issue and every coming day; the rich are becoming richer and the poor are becoming poorer. Hence making progress against poverty is becoming one of the most urgent goals of the globe today. People lying in the poor category often face challenges like hunger, less access to education, sanitation issues, and much poorer health.

After giving the readers the background information, it is now time to give the thesis statement of the problem solution essay.

Introduction element: The thesis statement of a problem-solving essay

The thesis statement refers to the brief summary of the central idea of the essay that is usually included at the end of the introduction before the outline of an essay. A thesis statement in a problem solution essay can be of two to three lines but irrespective of the length of the thesis statement, your thesis statement needs to clearly include,

  • Why is it a problem?
  • How does this problem impact the readers?
  • Why does this problem need to be solved?

Moreover, the thesis statement should naturally highlight a brief summary of the solutions that would be highlighted later in the discussion. However, the thesis statement does not need to present detailed solutions. In the case of our example of the sample essay, the thesis statement in the problem solution essay is given below.

Sample thesis statement

Poverty is still a problem because it brings other problems such as malnutrition, and sanitation issues along. It also hinders the growth of developed and developing nations which directly impacts the lives of other people as well. Alleviation of poverty will ensure enhanced living standards for the people and will provide them with better growth opportunities.

Following the thesis statement, the last paragraph highlights the outline of the essay.

Introduction element: Outline of a problem-solving essay

The outline of the essay is the last paragraph of the introduction that will deliberately guide your readers toward the main body paragraphs of the essay. In the case of a problem solution essay, it is a kind of roadmap that will further guide your readers on the given problem and solutions they will encounter in the body paragraphs of the essay respectively.

However, it is essential to note that the outline should always summarize the solutions rather than discuss them in detail.

Sample outline

In this essay, firstly different problems that occur from poverty will be discussed in the essay, along with some of the statistics validating the issue. Secondly, the essay will possess some of the main causes of the problem. Lastly, different solutions will be discussed in the essay that can assist in reducing global poverty.

After the meticulous explanation, comes the body paragraphs of the essay.

How to write the body paragraph of a problem solution essay?

Body paragraphs are the cornerstone of the essay that requires the utmost research and attention to detail. There can be multiple paragraphs or even more depending upon the overall length requirement of the essay. You can choose to present the body paragraphs in two ways, block or point-by-point.

The block method in a problem solution essay refers to describing the problem first and then presenting all the required solutions. Whereas the point-by-point method in a problem-solution essay refers to presenting all the problems and solutions simultaneously rather than going through all problems and all solutions separately. In writing the body paragraph of the problem solution essay, you need to keep the 3 Es in mind which stands for explain, expand, and example.

To elaborate, in each paragraph you will start by explaining the topic sentence. This topic sentence will underline the problem or the solution that will be discussed in the paragraph. After explaining the topic sentence, you will elaborate your point by validly expanding the topic sentence and supporting the topic sentence by giving evidence (if possible).

For example, if you are describing the problem, you will use some statistics or research to validate the problem. Other than that, if you are providing a solution, you will use stats or research to validate how your given solution is the most effective remedy. Lastly, you can provide examples in the cases to explain the topic sentence more effectively.

Besides, the last line of the paragraph will be the transition sentence forming cohesion between the current paragraph and the next paragraph describing whether your next paragraph will present another aspect of the problem or will discuss the solution.

Following the example of our topic, below given is the example of a body paragraph using the chain method explaining poverty as a problem, first.Following the example of our topic, below given is the example of a body paragraph using the chain method explaining poverty as a problem, first.

Sample body paragraph

Poverty is a concept that is more than about lack of income and productive resources to ensure that are required to ensure good and sustainable livelihoods. Poverty also brings along poor mental and physical effects like hunger, malnutrition, and limited access to education. Along with this, poverty also brings ensures humans depriving of basic services access which has also resulted in social, political, and economic discrimination. This burden of poverty has excluded many people and deprived them of participating in various decision-making processes. Hence, it is essential to discuss the various possible solutions and act upon them to eradicate poverty effectively.

How to write the conclusion of a problem solution essay?

Lastly, the conclusion is the last paragraph that will wind up your whole essay in the end. While writing the conclusion, firstly, you will restate the thesis statement. Further than that, in a problem solution essay, it is always better to conclude with an intriguing statement that leaves your reader thinking more about the problem further and makes an impactful ending.

Sample conclusion

To conclude, sometimes all it takes is a small effort from external factors to kickstart the alleviation of poverty by giving some cashflow maintenance to the people living under the poverty line. Hence, the need is to effectively understand the problem and make small changes to implement the solutions and make the world free of poverty.

To encapsulate, if you keep all the above-given tips and tricks given in the guide in mind before writing the problem-solving essay, we are sure that you will be able to write a problem-solving essay like a pro.

Recommended readings

How to write cause and effect essay

A complete guide to writing a narrative essay

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Problem Solution Essay

Nova A.

Problem-Solution Essay - Writing Guide, Topics, & Examples!

10 min read

Published on: Dec 7, 2019

Last updated on: Nov 21, 2023

Problem-Solution Essay

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Feeling stuck when it comes to writing a solid problem-solution essay?

You're not alone—many students find it challenging. This essay type requires careful consideration and skillful execution, which isn’t always easy.

But fret not! This guide is your go-to solution. We've got all the crucial steps, structures, and examples to make essay writing a breeze for you.

So, keep reading!

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What is a Problem-Solution Essay?

A problem-solution essay is a form of persuasive writing that delves into a specific issue, providing a detailed examination of the problem and proposing effective solutions. 

Unlike other essay types, it places a strong emphasis on presenting practical remedies to real-world problems. 

The main aim is not just to explain the problem but to get readers interested in practical solutions. This makes it a unique and impactful type of academic writing.

Why Write a Problem Solution Essay 

There are significant reasons to write a problem solution essay. First and foremost, this type of writing encourages the practical application of knowledge . You are required to address real-world issues and propose practical solutions. This helps develop a deeper sense of the problems around you.

Additionally, this process refines analytical skills , encourages you to approach problems with a solution-oriented mindset.

Also, working on a problem-solution essay helps you become better at communicating . You have to explain complicated problems and solutions in a way that's clear and easy to understand.

Writing problem solution essays is more than just an academic essay exercise. It serves as a platform for intellectual growth, developing a practical and impactful approach to societal challenges.

Problem Solution Essay Structure

In crafting a problem-solution essay, the structure plays a pivotal role in presenting ideas coherently and persuasively. 

Two commonly used structures for this type of essay are the block structure and the chain structure. Each has its unique approach to organizing information, offering writers flexibility in presenting their analysis and proposed solutions.

Block Structure

The block structure, also known as the whole-to-whole or one-side-at-a-time structure, is a straightforward organizational method. 

In this type of structure, the writer dedicates separate blocks of text to first presenting the problem comprehensively. The solutions to the problems are presented in the next sections subsequently. 

This structure allows for a clear separation between the problem and solution sections, providing a systematic and easy-to-follow presentation.

Here is an outline for block structure problem-solution essay:

Chain Structure

Contrasting the block structure, the chain structure takes an interconnected approach. 

In this format, the essay addresses a specific problem and promptly proposes a solution. 

The pattern repeats as each problem is introduced, followed immediately by its corresponding solution. This structure aims to maintain a continuous and engaging flow, presenting a transition between problems and solutions. 

Here is a chain structure template:

How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay?

A problem solution essay requires taking a systematic approach. Here are the basic steps for writing this type of essay:

Step 1 - Topic Selection

Choosing the right topic is the first crucial step in writing a problem-solution essay. Pick a real-world issue that genuinely interests you. 

Consider problems that have personal significance or affect your community. The goal is to engage with a problem that allows for meaningful discussion and exploration.

Step 2 - Understanding the Problem

Before diving into solutions, take the time to fully grasp the intricacies of the problem at hand. 

Research the issue thoroughly, aiming to comprehend its various aspects and implications. This step is essential for presenting a well-informed analysis in your essay, ensuring a solid foundation for proposing solutions.

Step 3 - Explore Viable Solutions

Once you've identified and understood the problem, brainstorm possible solutions. 

Think about practical, achievable, and effective ways to address the issue. Consider different angles and perspectives, aiming for solutions that are not only feasible but also have the potential to make a positive impact in real-world scenarios.

Step 4 - Create an Outline

Organize your thoughts and structure your essay by creating a clear outline. 

Allocate specific sections for introducing the problem, proposing solutions, and crafting a conclusion. A well-organized outline serves as a roadmap, guiding you through each step of the writing process.

Step 5 - Write the Introduction

Begin your essay with a captivating introduction . Start with an attention-grabbing hook that draws your reader in. 

Clearly state the problem, emphasizing its significance. Conclude the introduction with a concise thesis statement that outlines the solutions you will explore in the essay.

Step 6 - Craft Body Paragraph

Dedicate individual paragraphs to each problem and its corresponding solution. Elaborate on the details of the problem and present practical solutions. 

Support your ideas with examples, evidence, or real-life scenarios. This section forms the core of your essay, providing a comprehensive exploration of the issues at hand.

Step 7 - Address Possible Objections

Acknowledge and address potential counterarguments to your proposed solutions. 

Anticipating objections adds depth to your essay, showcasing a thorough consideration of alternative viewpoints. By addressing possible objections, you strengthen the overall persuasiveness of your solutions.

Step 8 - Conclude The Essay

Conclude your essay by summarizing the main points without introducing new information. Reinforce the importance of the proposed solutions and leave a lasting impression. 

Consider ending with a call to action or a thought-provoking statement that resonates with your reader. The conclusion should provide a sense of closure to your essay.

Problem-Solution Essay Example 

We know that writing this kind of essay could be a challenge. Here are some problem solution essay samples:

Problem Solution Essay Sample PDF

Financial Problem Solution Essay

Garbage Problem Solution Essay

Problem Solution Essay IELTS

Problem Solution Essay Topics

When picking a topic for your problem-solution essay, think about a few important things. 

Choose something that matters to your audience and is important in society right now. Pick issues that really affect people or communities and need attention. 

Make sure the problem can be realistically solved with practical solutions. Here is a list of problem solution essay topics you can use:

  • Tobacco should be banned to control lung cancer. Discuss.
  • Obesity is caused by genetically modified and processed food. Discuss the solution.
  • Movie scripts should be censored to control violence in youth. Discuss.
  • How to tackle the lack of resources in urban homeless shelters?
  • Government should propose some policies to deal with illegal immigration. Discuss.
  • How can we use social media to improve awareness?
  • Propose some ways to keep your friends and family safe.
  • College students in the United States are overburdened with homework.
  • How to improve the quality of education in high school?
  • Providing equal opportunities to under-privileged children is important. Discuss.

These are some good problem-solution topics that you can tweak to use as your own. 

Problem Solution Essay Checklist

Use this checklist to ensure your problem solution essay is well-crafted and effective:

So, wrapping up, with this guide and checklist, you can now write a problem-solution essay that fulfills its purpose. Just remember to be clear, practical, and interesting. 

But if you still feel unsure or want extra help, our essay writing service is here for you. 

Our experts know how to handle any type of essay, making sure it's top-notch. If you need that extra boost, don't hesitate to get in touch with us. We're here to make sure your essay shines and gets the job done.

So, why wait? Place your order today!

Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

Nova Allison is a Digital Content Strategist with over eight years of experience. Nova has also worked as a technical and scientific writer. She is majorly involved in developing and reviewing online content plans that engage and resonate with audiences. Nova has a passion for writing that engages and informs her readers.

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  • How to structure an essay: Templates and tips

How to Structure an Essay | Tips & Templates

Published on September 18, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.

The basic structure of an essay always consists of an introduction , a body , and a conclusion . But for many students, the most difficult part of structuring an essay is deciding how to organize information within the body.

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Table of contents

The basics of essay structure, chronological structure, compare-and-contrast structure, problems-methods-solutions structure, signposting to clarify your structure, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about essay structure.

There are two main things to keep in mind when working on your essay structure: making sure to include the right information in each part, and deciding how you’ll organize the information within the body.

Parts of an essay

The three parts that make up all essays are described in the table below.

Order of information

You’ll also have to consider how to present information within the body. There are a few general principles that can guide you here.

The first is that your argument should move from the simplest claim to the most complex . The body of a good argumentative essay often begins with simple and widely accepted claims, and then moves towards more complex and contentious ones.

For example, you might begin by describing a generally accepted philosophical concept, and then apply it to a new topic. The grounding in the general concept will allow the reader to understand your unique application of it.

The second principle is that background information should appear towards the beginning of your essay . General background is presented in the introduction. If you have additional background to present, this information will usually come at the start of the body.

The third principle is that everything in your essay should be relevant to the thesis . Ask yourself whether each piece of information advances your argument or provides necessary background. And make sure that the text clearly expresses each piece of information’s relevance.

The sections below present several organizational templates for essays: the chronological approach, the compare-and-contrast approach, and the problems-methods-solutions approach.

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The chronological approach (sometimes called the cause-and-effect approach) is probably the simplest way to structure an essay. It just means discussing events in the order in which they occurred, discussing how they are related (i.e. the cause and effect involved) as you go.

A chronological approach can be useful when your essay is about a series of events. Don’t rule out other approaches, though—even when the chronological approach is the obvious one, you might be able to bring out more with a different structure.

Explore the tabs below to see a general template and a specific example outline from an essay on the invention of the printing press.

  • Thesis statement
  • Discussion of event/period
  • Consequences
  • Importance of topic
  • Strong closing statement
  • Claim that the printing press marks the end of the Middle Ages
  • Background on the low levels of literacy before the printing press
  • Thesis statement: The invention of the printing press increased circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation
  • High levels of illiteracy in medieval Europe
  • Literacy and thus knowledge and education were mainly the domain of religious and political elites
  • Consequence: this discouraged political and religious change
  • Invention of the printing press in 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg
  • Implications of the new technology for book production
  • Consequence: Rapid spread of the technology and the printing of the Gutenberg Bible
  • Trend for translating the Bible into vernacular languages during the years following the printing press’s invention
  • Luther’s own translation of the Bible during the Reformation
  • Consequence: The large-scale effects the Reformation would have on religion and politics
  • Summarize the history described
  • Stress the significance of the printing press to the events of this period

Essays with two or more main subjects are often structured around comparing and contrasting . For example, a literary analysis essay might compare two different texts, and an argumentative essay might compare the strengths of different arguments.

There are two main ways of structuring a compare-and-contrast essay: the alternating method, and the block method.

Alternating

In the alternating method, each paragraph compares your subjects in terms of a specific point of comparison. These points of comparison are therefore what defines each paragraph.

The tabs below show a general template for this structure, and a specific example for an essay comparing and contrasting distance learning with traditional classroom learning.

  • Synthesis of arguments
  • Topical relevance of distance learning in lockdown
  • Increasing prevalence of distance learning over the last decade
  • Thesis statement: While distance learning has certain advantages, it introduces multiple new accessibility issues that must be addressed for it to be as effective as classroom learning
  • Classroom learning: Ease of identifying difficulties and privately discussing them
  • Distance learning: Difficulty of noticing and unobtrusively helping
  • Classroom learning: Difficulties accessing the classroom (disability, distance travelled from home)
  • Distance learning: Difficulties with online work (lack of tech literacy, unreliable connection, distractions)
  • Classroom learning: Tends to encourage personal engagement among students and with teacher, more relaxed social environment
  • Distance learning: Greater ability to reach out to teacher privately
  • Sum up, emphasize that distance learning introduces more difficulties than it solves
  • Stress the importance of addressing issues with distance learning as it becomes increasingly common
  • Distance learning may prove to be the future, but it still has a long way to go

In the block method, each subject is covered all in one go, potentially across multiple paragraphs. For example, you might write two paragraphs about your first subject and then two about your second subject, making comparisons back to the first.

The tabs again show a general template, followed by another essay on distance learning, this time with the body structured in blocks.

  • Point 1 (compare)
  • Point 2 (compare)
  • Point 3 (compare)
  • Point 4 (compare)
  • Advantages: Flexibility, accessibility
  • Disadvantages: Discomfort, challenges for those with poor internet or tech literacy
  • Advantages: Potential for teacher to discuss issues with a student in a separate private call
  • Disadvantages: Difficulty of identifying struggling students and aiding them unobtrusively, lack of personal interaction among students
  • Advantages: More accessible to those with low tech literacy, equality of all sharing one learning environment
  • Disadvantages: Students must live close enough to attend, commutes may vary, classrooms not always accessible for disabled students
  • Advantages: Ease of picking up on signs a student is struggling, more personal interaction among students
  • Disadvantages: May be harder for students to approach teacher privately in person to raise issues

An essay that concerns a specific problem (practical or theoretical) may be structured according to the problems-methods-solutions approach.

This is just what it sounds like: You define the problem, characterize a method or theory that may solve it, and finally analyze the problem, using this method or theory to arrive at a solution. If the problem is theoretical, the solution might be the analysis you present in the essay itself; otherwise, you might just present a proposed solution.

The tabs below show a template for this structure and an example outline for an essay about the problem of fake news.

  • Introduce the problem
  • Provide background
  • Describe your approach to solving it
  • Define the problem precisely
  • Describe why it’s important
  • Indicate previous approaches to the problem
  • Present your new approach, and why it’s better
  • Apply the new method or theory to the problem
  • Indicate the solution you arrive at by doing so
  • Assess (potential or actual) effectiveness of solution
  • Describe the implications
  • Problem: The growth of “fake news” online
  • Prevalence of polarized/conspiracy-focused news sources online
  • Thesis statement: Rather than attempting to stamp out online fake news through social media moderation, an effective approach to combating it must work with educational institutions to improve media literacy
  • Definition: Deliberate disinformation designed to spread virally online
  • Popularization of the term, growth of the phenomenon
  • Previous approaches: Labeling and moderation on social media platforms
  • Critique: This approach feeds conspiracies; the real solution is to improve media literacy so users can better identify fake news
  • Greater emphasis should be placed on media literacy education in schools
  • This allows people to assess news sources independently, rather than just being told which ones to trust
  • This is a long-term solution but could be highly effective
  • It would require significant organization and investment, but would equip people to judge news sources more effectively
  • Rather than trying to contain the spread of fake news, we must teach the next generation not to fall for it

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structure of solution essay

Signposting means guiding the reader through your essay with language that describes or hints at the structure of what follows.  It can help you clarify your structure for yourself as well as helping your reader follow your ideas.

The essay overview

In longer essays whose body is split into multiple named sections, the introduction often ends with an overview of the rest of the essay. This gives a brief description of the main idea or argument of each section.

The overview allows the reader to immediately understand what will be covered in the essay and in what order. Though it describes what  comes later in the text, it is generally written in the present tense . The following example is from a literary analysis essay on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein .

Transitions

Transition words and phrases are used throughout all good essays to link together different ideas. They help guide the reader through your text, and an essay that uses them effectively will be much easier to follow.

Various different relationships can be expressed by transition words, as shown in this example.

Because Hitler failed to respond to the British ultimatum, France and the UK declared war on Germany. Although it was an outcome the Allies had hoped to avoid, they were prepared to back up their ultimatum in order to combat the existential threat posed by the Third Reich.

Transition sentences may be included to transition between different paragraphs or sections of an essay. A good transition sentence moves the reader on to the next topic while indicating how it relates to the previous one.

… Distance learning, then, seems to improve accessibility in some ways while representing a step backwards in others.

However , considering the issue of personal interaction among students presents a different picture.

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The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.

The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.

An essay isn’t just a loose collection of facts and ideas. Instead, it should be centered on an overarching argument (summarized in your thesis statement ) that every part of the essay relates to.

The way you structure your essay is crucial to presenting your argument coherently. A well-structured essay helps your reader follow the logic of your ideas and understand your overall point.

Comparisons in essays are generally structured in one of two ways:

  • The alternating method, where you compare your subjects side by side according to one specific aspect at a time.
  • The block method, where you cover each subject separately in its entirety.

It’s also possible to combine both methods, for example by writing a full paragraph on each of your topics and then a final paragraph contrasting the two according to a specific metric.

You should try to follow your outline as you write your essay . However, if your ideas change or it becomes clear that your structure could be better, it’s okay to depart from your essay outline . Just make sure you know why you’re doing so.

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structure of solution essay

In this chapter you will write a problem/solution essay. To write a problem/solution essay, think about a problem that you have experienced and how it could be fixed.

A problem/solution essay is written to explain the solution(s) for a problem. This essay can describe multiple solutions or one “ideal” solution to the problem you describe.

This content is provided to you freely by BYU Open Learning Network.

Access it online or download it at https://open.byu.edu/academic_a_writing/problemsolution_essa .

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Writing a Proposal Solution Essay Tips

Writing a Proposal Solution Essay Tips

An essay with solutions can be a difficult and challenging task to complete. Tutors when proposing a solution essay as an assignment, want to check student’s critical thinking and ability to solve issues. A problem-solution essay is a type of argument, it’s an essay where students analyze and write about a topic by identifying and explaining a problem proposing one or more solutions to the problem, and trying to convince the reader to take a specific approach. We gathered a few tips for you to ease your problem-solving writing process. Let’s take a look at them.

Create a Problem-Solution Pattern

Create a problem-solution pattern that will divide your writing process into two parts – one will represent the problem and another – the solution, and focus on trying to change the reader’s opinion or behavior. Begin with a little brainstorming, collecting your thoughts and ideas, organizing them, and planning them out into a problem-solution essay outline or a map according to the reader’s mind.

  • Spot a good topic
  • Specify the problem. Engage the target audience in the problem by assuring that the problem is important and needs to be solved
  • Define the solution proposal
  • Offer on the best solution
  • Explain that the solution you offer is the best
  • Oppose objections

Writing an Excellent Essay

Choosing a good topic is an important part of the writing process. Choosing one might seem not an easy thing to do but try to think about situations or people that bother or irritate you. If you’ve thought about a solution for that you may use it as a topic for your essay. Consider also groups (family, friends, college students, hobby and sports clubs, library, hometown community, culture, or language groups, etc.) that you think you belong to and the problems they have; generate a list of the problems and think of solutions that didn’t work or those that could be improved.

When structuring a persuasive solution essay follow the basic essay structure that includes an introductory paragraph with a hook, body paragraphs that analyze data, and a conclusion.

Introduction

In the introduction, it’s essential to define the issue first and present your solution or hint at the solution in a thesis. Try to explain the problem in detail if it happens to be unfamiliar, or create a bright image of the issue in case it is well-known. Mention those who should be concerned about it. The goal is to prove that the problem is very important before the stage of proposing a solution. Here are some tips for you to create an introduction to your essay: portray a realistic story about the issue, give a specific example of a problem from your personal experience, and state facts and information about the problem to make it more vivid for the target audience, specific case, you may use information from TV, books, movies, etc., how people were affected by the problem, and emphasize why it needs to be solved and worth dealing with. After the reader understands the problem the thesis statement proposes the solution and summarizes the solution. Ask a thesis question and propose a valid solution idea you think is the most suitable clearly in one solution sentence that would lead to the body of the essay.

The body of your paper will conclude with three or more paragraphs in which you need to explain the solution of the problem and how it will be solved in detail. Arriving at the solution depends on the way of thinking. Every individual does it differently according to the level of knowledge of the problem, attitude towards the problem, and even profession or field of study. That is why it is crucial to do good topic research. Examine the problem in detail further. Do not jump to conclusions without considering the details. Deciding on the best solution is an important part of writing your paper. Think of the solution that could be achieved effortlessly. Name a person, if necessary, who will be in charge, and provide some confirmation about how your solution will work (opinions of experts, cases when it has worked before, facts, arguments). If it requires some steps or actions to be taken, explain them putting them into a problem-solution order. Try to prove that the solution you offer will solve the problem in the best possible way; and that it is reasonable, cost-effective, sustainable, reliable, and better than other solutions. Analyze alternative solutions by explaining in detail their processes and results, and identify the fragility of the alternative solutions. Oppose objections with clear pieces of evidence. The final sentence of each paragraph should have a suggestion – a description of other solutions that didn’t work, or a further review of the problem.

When writing a conclusion of one or more problem solution paragraphs, mention the negative sides of other solutions, try to back up your argument with facts, and convince the reader that your solution is the best by describing benefits and how the situation will be changed if the plan is supported.

To convince the target audience you need to find an area of agreement with the audience. Try to distinguish your audience for your paper by asking some questions, such as: Who represents your target audience? What do they understand about the issue? What values do they have regarding the issue? What values do you have regarding the issue? What values, principles, and needs do you share? What motivates the audience and how effectively it can be appealed to in your paper?

As with any other essay, every sentence of a solution essay is valuable and all of them should be connected. Edit your writing attentively. Check if an accurate description of a situation was provided which is helpful for the readers to comprehend the issue. Reading the paper aloud might help to spot mistakes and phrases that don’t sound too well. Ask a friend to take a look at your work for possible mistakes, spelling, or any other errors that you’ve missed.

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A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Problem-Solution Essay

Unfortunately or fortunately, the world we live in is not perfect. Problems of a different nature that we face daily require solutions. And there is no doubt the issues must be solved. That is why in the course of academic writing students are often asked to write problem solution essays, allowing young people to express their points of view. This type of research paper allows you not only to show your creativity but also to find multiple solutions to real problems.

In this article, we will look at the basic principles and requirements for writing a problem solution essay. We will also explain to you the structure of such work and the secrets that will help you become the author of a strong problem solution paper. Keep reading, and you will learn working strategies to help you with your research.

What is a Problem-Solution essay?

Let’s start with an interpretation of the basic concepts, namely problem solution paper definition.

It is a form of argumentative essay. In it, the author’s task is to outline the problem that needs to be solved. And also to convince the reader that this issue is worthy of attention and that its solution is a necessity and not a subjective desire.

Then the most difficult task lies ahead – to propose one or more ways to solve the crisis. The tone of the paper must be persuasive, as the author must inspire confidence and respect to draw attention to the problem. Moreover, you will not only explain the importance of solving this problem but also call the audience to action.

Don’t forget that your problem solution essay should be scientifically based. So, to write your essay , you should possess a certain level of expertise. For this reason, you need to choose problem solution essay topics that are in the field of your interest and knowledge.

Remember that you can opt for one of two key schemes. In terms of the first, you choose one, in your opinion, the best solution to the problem, and present it to the audience. The second direction is to suggest a list of possible solutions. In this way, you allow the reader to independently choose the most attractive option.

Problem Solution Essay Structure

Like any other academic essay, this type requires three main sections. Namely, the introduction, the body part, and the conclusion. The size of each of the parts is rather limited. Therefore, you have to briefly and meaningfully state the necessary explanation. Let’s take a look at the content of each of the parts as well as see some tips to write a good problem solution essay.

Introduction

The introduction opens your solution essay and should be impressive. A book is judged by its cover, and an essay by its introduction. Your task is to interest the reader for further reading. Try to fit in the first paragraph shocking statistics regarding the chosen research problem. Or start with a personal question to the reader. You can even provoke readers into emotion. Perhaps it will be a sense of shame to ignore an important issue that needs a solution. Or a feeling of fear of the possible consequences.

Since the first paragraph of the problem solving essay introduces the reader to the subject, you should keep it concise but informative. The thesis statement will help you with this. It should be coherent and describe the topic and objectives of your work. Place it at the very beginning of the first paragraph.

The main part is the development of your ideas. It is in this section that you have to present the problem, explain its importance, and talk about its peculiarities. And, of course, you need to provide your expert opinion on how to solve the chosen problem.

There are two kinds of formats down to the main part. We will consider each of them in more detail below. However, in short, the block structure assumes that you present all the problems in one paragraph of the paper. And in the second part, all other solutions. While the chain structure of a paper implies gradual disclosure. One problem, one solution.

Both schemes are suitable for a problem solving essay format. We can independently choose the most suitable option. However, do not mix these two structures with each other. Stick to just one format.

Conclusion paragraph

The conclusion is a paragraph for evaluation of findings you have received in the course of writing the research paper. You have to identify your results and express them in the last paragraph. You can also indicate what exactly you would like the reader to remember from your essay.

As a final phrase of your paper, you should call the audience to a specific action. Remind people that solving this problem is absolutely necessary, and explain why it cannot be ignored. Be persuasive, and your opinion deserves to be heard.

structure of solution essay

Problem Solution Essay Outline

Outlining your essay will help you plan your thoughts and fit the right message into your solution paper. This will also save you time, as the frame of the essay will be ready. Let’s look at the two main directions to write a body part and how exactly you can use them.

The introduction is the same for both types of paper formatting. In it, you must describe the selected situation. State the main idea and objectives of your essay. Finally, your goal is to interest the reader. You do not provide any solution yet, only set the scene for future research development.

The block structure for the outline means that you divide the body part of your essay into two sections. In the first section, you look at problems, explaining their importance and the need to find solutions. While in the second section of the essay is the solution paragraph, where you offer all the ways you know how to solve this problem.

Let’s see the second option you can use for your problem solution paper.

The chain structure for the essay outline means that you divide your body part into several sections depending on how many problems you will consider. Each section should represent one problem and propose a solution for that issue. Accordingly, this is a sequential paper structure format.

The conclusions also have a single format, in this section, you need to include an evaluation of your work. Process the data you have obtained while you write a problem solution research and describe it to the reader. Also, this section of essays often includes a call to action which means you should create a plan of what exactly people are supposed to do to solve the issue.

How to Write a Problem Solution Paper

problem-solution essay writing tips

Such a responsible type of work often causes anxiety among students. It is necessary to show not only ingenuity and creativity but also to conduct a deep analysis regarding the particular problem. To make it easier for you, our custom essay company has compiled a list of the tips that will lead you to write a decent problem solution essay. Follow these steps, and you will get a high score.

Figure out the essential elements of the essay

Every written work begins with an understanding of the basic requirements. Therefore, the first step to writing a quality problem solution essay is to become familiar with the key components of the work.

In addition to the basic elements, namely the introduction, main body, and conclusion, there are also other equally important components. Consider creating an outline for your research to facilitate structuring your ideas and make your problem solution essay match the requirements. Frame a strong thesis statement that will present the topic of your writing. Come up with compelling arguments and evidence to be more persuasive.

Introduce the situation from your point of view

From the very first paragraph, you need to immerse readers in the context of the problem. Your task is to reach out to people and prove to them the significance of the issue you have chosen. Provide evidence that your problem cannot be ignored. The reasons should be shocking so that they draw public attention.

Speak out, let the world know your perspective. That is exactly what the problem solution essay is about. You are supposed to reveal your awareness regarding the topic, so there is no room for doubt that your voice should be heard.

Preliminary research is what you need

Do not ignore preliminary studies on the subject you’ve chosen. This step is an integral part of building a logical argument plan. You need to be an expert in the field, to support your assumptions with real evidence. Consider all the required questions before starting your problem solution paper.

Visit the library for help. Study books, publications in paper, and electronic newspapers. This will help you understand the context and background of your chosen crisis. It is the understanding of the origins of the problem that leads to clarity in the questions of its solution.

Discuss the issue with a profile specialist. Deep research will bring the best result. It’s not just about a good grade. It’s more about being knowledgeable in the area you study.

structure of solution essay

The Power of a Strong Thesis Statement

The thesis statement summarizes the general theme of your research in a few words. If you had to describe your work in a few words, that would be your research proposal covering the topic. Also, such a phrase helps the reader to determine from the first words whether he is interested in the topic of your work. That is why it is your responsibility to describe your work as concisely and intriguingly as possible.

The thesis proposal is at the very beginning of your introduction. This is literally the first thing the readers encounter when they meet your problem solution essay. As the famous proverb says, a bad beginning makes a bad ending. So make sure it is not the case of your thesis proposal.

Determine the best solutions

Since you have already thoroughly studied the issues, it is time for you to move on to finding ways to solve problems. This is the most important part of writing problem solution essays. Since you need not only to study existing strategies for dealing with the crisis but also to offer your innovative ideas. This requires deep knowledge of the origins of the problem, as well as some creativity.

However, be realistic in your suggestions. Your solution must be tenacious. It should be able to improve the situation now. Very creative, but unrealizable strategies will not be very productive. Your task is to focus on finding real ways to solve real problems and not fantasize about the distant future of science and technology.

When you manage to develop an optimal solution, you will have to explain it to the public. Support your ways out with proper reasons. Why exactly is your idea trustworthy? There might be some objections from the side of the readers, so make sure to avoid misconceptions.

Provide examples to reinforce your solution

Based on the data you discuss, you are supposed to develop examples confirming what you said. To explain to the readers that your plan is effective, you need to provide visual evidence.

You will have to study experiments on problem solving similar to your own one. Have comparable solutions worked in the same situations? Discuss the solution with experts on your topic, and cite scientific research that you relied on. Process the data you received and make up a diagram to reinforce your argument.

It doesn’t matter whether you have one or more solutions. They all are supposed to be well elaborated. Problem solution papers need strong testimony.

Conclude the problem solution essay by evaluating the results

Having covered your problem solution topic, it’s time to focus on the results obtained. To write a compelling conclusion, you can predict exactly how the situation will change if your solution is implemented. Propose to the reader a detailed alternative reality where your plan of problem solution is accomplished. This forces the reader to think about the necessary action to improve the situation. The audience will have no questions nor objections seeing your expert, science-based assumptions.

You can also do the opposite for your problem solution essay. Offer the reality in which your solution to the problem has not been brought to life. How exactly can the situation worsen? What happens if the situation is ignored and not solved? Include this strategy in the problem solution essay, and we guarantee it will work out.

Revision is a key to excellent results

It doesn’t matter how good your problem solution essay is in terms of content as long as your text is full of typos and another formatting is incorrect. All types of essays have a certain format that should be followed. You need to study in detail the requirements for the design of your paper.

Literacy is also very important in writing essays. Proofread your work several times before handing it into the teacher. It is best to check not immediately after writing but the following day. Thus, with a fresh look, it will be easier for you to notice existing errors. Check your work for typos, punctuation, spelling, and stylistic errors.

Give your paper to a friend or parent to check. You can also ask them if your essay is interesting. You will still have a chance to add or reduce some information.

Example of Problem-Solution Essay

Tackling the Challenge of Food Waste in the Foodservice Industry

The foodservice industry is plagued by a significant issue that has been persistent for years: food waste. Recent reports by the National Restaurant Association show that nearly 84% of restaurants throw away excess food every day. This not only has a significant environmental impact but also places a financial burden on restaurant owners. To combat this problem, innovative solutions need to be implemented to reduce food waste.

One solution is to optimize serving sizes. Often, restaurants serve portions that are too large for customers to finish, leading to excessive food waste. Offering smaller portion sizes would help minimize waste while giving customers the option to order more if needed.

Another solution is to donate surplus food to local food banks or charitable organizations. Some restaurants have already started doing this, creating a win-win situation. By reducing their food waste, restaurants can also help feed people in need. Additionally, partnering with local farmers and food rescue organizations can facilitate the donation of unused food to community members.

Additionally, composting programs can be implemented by restaurants to transform food waste into nutrient-rich soil for farming. This can be achieved by collaborating with composting facilities or setting up on-site composting systems. By embracing this approach, restaurants can significantly reduce their environmental impact while creating a sustainable food system.

In summary, the foodservice industry must tackle the issue of food waste by adopting innovative solutions. This can be done by optimizing portion sizes, donating excess food to those in need, and implementing composting programs. As a conscious consumer, I appreciate restaurants that prioritize sustainable practices and make an effort to reduce their environmental footprint. By taking these steps, restaurants can not only benefit themselves but also contribute to a positive impact on the planet and their community.

Problem solution essay is not the easiest task to perform. However, keeping in mind all the basic requirements for the job, you will be able to complete the task. This is also a chance for you to show your wit and creativity and earn a good reputation in the eyes of the teacher. Finding creative solutions to complex problems is one of the requirements for candidates for the best positions in cutting-edge companies. So who knows, maybe today you are writing an essay, and tomorrow you are at the forefront due to your skills. We hope this article has dispelled your doubts and added confidence and motivation to writing a problem solution essay.

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Problem Solution Essay Structure: How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

Problem Solution Essay Structure: How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

The Dilemma

I assigned a problem/solution essay and couldn’t wait to see the results. After reading 143 illogical solutions, I realized I hadn’t really

shown my students how to write an effective essay of this kind. I needed to be punished for not explaining the key principles of this essay structure. I opened the wardrobe cabinet in my classroom, wedged my head in, and began opening and slamming the door until I passed out…. Before you follow a pattern similar to this one, I’ll share with you the lesson plan I developed to make sure my students knew how to present logical answers to problems in an essay format.

Problem/Solution Essay Structure

For a problem/solution essay to work, it must present a clearly defined problem in the introduction , present and explain possible solutions in the body, and restate the problems and the benefits of the solution in the conclusion. Instruct students to copy the following points:

A successful problem/solution essay:

  • Clearly states the problem and explains its significance.
  • Explores all aspects of the problem, especially its causes and effects.
  • Offers one or more solutions and how to implement those solutions.
  • Uses supporting details : anecdotes, facts, examples, and statistics.
  • Uses logic to persuade the audience.
  • Explains what readers can do to solve the problem.

Prewriting and Drafting

Whether you assign it as a formal essay or a timed-writing assignment, you can help students plan their problem/solution essay with the following tips:

  • Brainstorm problems. High school students are great at brainstorming problems. Teenagers are best at brainstorming problems about their school. Community, national, and international problems make for better essays with more capable classes.
  • Think about the problem. Jot down its causes and effects. Write down why it’s a serious problem that deserves attention.
  • Brainstorm solutions. Use a cluster map to discuss how the problem can be solved.
  • Evaluate potential solutions and eliminate impractical ones. Find the best solution by examining whether people will support it.
  • Identify the audience. Address the concerns of the essay’s most likely readers.
  • Research the facts. Find data and expert opinions to support your solution.

After solutions have been evaluated, researched, and organized, it’s time to draft. Use the following organization:

  • Identify the problem and explain its significance.
  • Explain causes of the problem, effects of the problem, and present data to support your assertions.
  • Address likely concerns.
  • Conclude by describing how to achieve your solution.

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Problem-Solution Essay Structure

Problem-solution essays are a common requirement for high school and college students. The definition of a problem-solution essay can be derived from the name itself. It is an essay that identifies a problem and discusses a solution or solutions accordingly. Its primary thrust is arguing for a specific solution to a problem or convincing the readers to address the problem as soon as possible.

Writing a problem-solution essay starts with an introduction, as you would start any other type of essay. The introduction identifies the problem. You can start by painting an image of the problem or the issue at hand to make it more compelling for readers to continue reading. This is what most essay helpers  call the lead or the hook, which is used to grab readers’ attention. The introduction is also the part where the writer appeals to the emotions of the readers by stating who are affected by the problem and what the consequences will be if this problem is not addressed.

The next part of the problem-solution essay is the elaboration of the problem. This is where you present the issue at hand from a broader perspective down to the details. Including its historical background can significantly add value to the essay – on how it started and how it developed into what it is currently. These factual claims should always be substantiated by credible sources either through footnotes or endnotes. Proper citation should always be observed to maintain a trustworthy tone.

Once the problem is completely laid out on the table, the writer should then present a concrete solution or solutions to it. The point of the whole essay is to convince the readers that this particular solution or solutions are their best options. To do this, it must be logical, feasible, and substantiated by pieces of evidence. There are two ways to present the problem and its corresponding solution or solutions, which will be discussed in the subsequent portion.

The problem-solution essay, like any other essay, too, should end with a conclusion. The conclusion should restate the problem and a summary of all the arguments into one whole solution directly addressing the problem. Some students turn to  essay conclusion maker to be sure in results. This part should also contain a call to action that encourages the readers to take part in the proposed solution or to look for alternative solutions. To convince readers to act on the matter, the writer can also include possible consequences if the problem is not resolved in the quickest possible time. After all, a good problem-solution essay creates a sense of urgency on the part of the readers to address the problem identified.

As for the approach in writing your essay , there are two problem-solution essay structures you can use: either a block structure or a chain structure.

A block structure identifies and list all the problems first and then presents all of the solutions afterward. A block structure would look like this:

Introduction

On the other hand, a chain structure alternately identifies the problem and its corresponding solution. A chain structure would look like this:

Each problem-solution essay structure has its own merits. The writer can just choose which structure he is more comfortable using. A block structure is relatively clearer and simpler to use while the chain structure presents the solutions directly to the problems, which can be quite useful when introducing several problem-solution items. The number of items introduced can be a factor in selecting which structure a writer should use.

Transition Words for Essays and Papers

In writing your essay and weaving your problems and solutions together, you would need to use some transition words to improve the connections between sentences and paragraphs thereby giving the text a more logical organization and structure. They help carry a thought from one sentence to another, from one idea to another, or, as mentioned, from one sentence or paragraph to another.

In order to use transition words more effectively, the writer should know what they are and when to use it appropriately. If students have poor writing skills, they should ask for college essay help  or request essay rewriter services. Experts know that the transition words like also, in addition, and as well as are used to add new information and show the agreement. The transition words like but, rather, and or are used when there is evidence to the contrary or to point out alternatives, which ultimately changes the line of reasoning. The transition phrases like in order to, in view of, and provided that are used when presenting specific conditions or intentions. Lastly, transition words like thus, hence, and accordingly are used to show the consequences or effects of a certain happening or event.

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Andy Preisler

I’m Andy Preisler, and I’m super happy to be joining the blog team at GrabMyEssay.com!

While I hail from Fayetteville, Arkansas (I know, not the most progressive state!), I left the Southern life behind me many years ago when I went to college for my first degree. I’ve received it in University of Arkansas, Fayetteville and I’m really proud of this. Since then, I have studied in the U.S., and later on, continued my education in Loughborough University, UK, where I actually my second Bachelor’s Degree along the way.

With my perpetual studies (my parents wonder if it will ever stop), I have become a bit of an expert on college life – academic, social, and financial – and love sharing my experiences and my methods of “circumventing the system” with others.  I will be sharing all of these great tips and strategies with my readers, so stay tuned!

When I am not blogging or enrolling in some new course that interests me, I am backpacking through Europe and staying in hostels, working on my second novel (a riveting murder mystery), and pursuing my interest in music. Yes, I travel with my guitar, and you would be amazed at the amount of cash I can accumulate, just performing on the streets of European cities (they are so much more tolerant of vagabond musicians). 

My other passion is environmental. In my short 27 years of life on this planet, I have witnessed the extinction of species, the destruction of rain forests, and irreparable harm to our oceans. I contribute both time and money to several international environmental organizations, because we all must do our part to save Mother Earth.

But I digress! If you are interested in the “ins and outs” of college life, and want some great tales of navigating through the game of “degree attainment,” as well as tips for easing the pain of those pesky essay and paper assignments, follow my blog!

I would love to hear from you, to give you advice, and to lend a listening ear. You can contact me at  [email protected]  anytime! And follow my posts – you won’t be disappointed!

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Cause & effect essays Aka reason and result

The Cause and effect essay is another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is , how to structure this type of essay, and how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work, as well as some exercises to help you practice this area.

What are cause & effect essays?

cause

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structure of solution essay

A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.

  • Discuss the causes and effects of global warming ['cause and effect' essay]
  • Explain the high death rate in Chernobyl ['causes' only essay]
  • Discuss the WTO and its effects on the Chinese economy ['effects' only essay]

There are two main ways to structure a cause and effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays , namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.

The two types of structure, block and chain , are shown in the diagram below.

Cause and Effect Structure Words

Cause and effect structure words are transition signals which show the cause and effect relationships. It is important to be clear which is the cause (or reason) and which is the effect (or result), and to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first , and the effect happens later .

Below are some common cause and effect structure words. X is used to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate the effect.

  • The first cause of (Y) is (X)
  • The next reason is (X)
  • Because of (X), (Y)
  • As a result of (X), (Y)
  • As a consequence of (X), (Y)
  • because/since/as (X)
  • to result from (X)
  • (X) results in (Y)
  • to be the result of (X)
  • (Y) is due to (X)
  • Owing to (X), (Y)
  • (Y) is because of (X)
  • (Y) is the effect of (X)
  • (Y) is the consequence of (X)
  • Worsening pollution levels in cities are due to the increased use of cars.
  • Because of the increased use of cars, pollution levels in cities are worsening.
  • As a result of the increased use of cars, pollution levels in cities are worsening.
  • The effect of the increased use of cars is a worsening of pollution levels in cities.
  • The first effect of (X) is (Y)
  • Another result of (X) is (Y)
  • As a result, (Y)
  • As a consequence, (Y)
  • Consequently (Y)
  • Therefore, (Y)
  • (X) causes (Y)
  • (X) has an effect on (Y)
  • (X) affects (Y)
  • (X) is one of the causes of (Y)
  • (X) is the reason for (Y)
  • Cars are used increasingly for urban transport. As a consequence , pollution levels in cities are worsening.
  • Increased use of cars for urban transport adversely affects pollution levels in cities.
  • Increased use of cars for urban transport is one of the causes of worsening pollution levels in cities.

Example essay

Below is a cause and effect essay. This essay uses the block structure . Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes to the right) to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.e. Causes, Effects, and structure words. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the causes and effects contained in the main body.

Title: More and more women are now going out to work and some women are now the major salary earner in the family. What are the causes of this, and what effect is this having on families and society?

In the past, most women stayed at home to take care of domestic chores such as cooking or cleaning. Women's liberation and feminism have meant that this situation has been transformed and in contemporary society women are playing an almost equal role to men in terms of work. This has had significant consequences , both in terms of the family , for example by improving quality of life and increasing children's sense of independence , and also for society itself with greater gender equality . The main reasons behind the increase of women in the workplace are women's liberation and feminism. The women's liberation movement originated in the 1960s and was popularised by authors such as Simone de Beauvoir. As a consequence of this, new legislation emerged, granting women equal rights to men in many fields, in particular employment. Because of feminist ideas, men have taken up roles which were previously seen as being for women only, most importantly those related to child rearing. As a result of this, women have more time to pursue their own careers and interests. These have led to some significant effects, both to family life and to society as a whole. Although the earning capacity of a woman in her lifetime is generally much less than that of a man, she can nevertheless make a significant contribution to the family income. The most important consequence of this is an improved quality of life. By helping to maintain a steady income for the family, the pressure on the husband is considerably reduced, hence improving both the husband's and the wife's emotional wellbeing. Additionally, the purchasing power of the family will also be raised. This means that the family can afford more luxuries such as foreign travel and a family car. A further effect on the family is the promotion of independence in the children. Some might argue that having both parents working might be damaging to the children because of a lack of parental attention. However, such children have to learn to look after themselves at an earlier age, and their parents often rely on them to help with the housework. This therefore teaches them important life skills. As regards society, the most significant impact of women going to work is greater gender equality. There are an increasing number of women who are becoming politicians, lawyers, and even CEOs and company managers. This in turn has led to greater equality for women in all areas of life, not just employment. For example, women today have much stronger legal rights to protect themselves against domestic violence and sexual discrimination in the workplace. In conclusion, the increasing number of women at work has brought about some important changes to family life, including improved quality of life and increased independence for children, as well as affecting society itself. It is clear that the sexes are still a long way from being equal in all areas of life, however, and perhaps the challenge for the present century is to ensure that this takes place.

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Below is a checklist for cause and effect essays. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.

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Author: Sheldon Smith    ‖    Last modified: 16 January 2022.

Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter , Facebook and LinkedIn .

Compare & contrast essays examine the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences.

Cause & effect essays consider the reasons (or causes) for something, then discuss the results (or effects).

Discussion essays require you to examine both sides of a situation and to conclude by saying which side you favour.

Problem-solution essays are a sub-type of SPSE essays (Situation, Problem, Solution, Evaluation).

Transition signals are useful in achieving good cohesion and coherence in your writing.

Reporting verbs are used to link your in-text citations to the information cited.

How bad is Pakistan's debt crisis and can the IMF save it?

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WHO COULD THE IMF NEGOTIATE WITH?

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HOW BAD IS THE ECONOMIC SITUATION?

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HOW MUCH DEBT IS THERE?

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Protest demanding free and fair results of the general elections in Jamshoro

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An Indian court said on Wednesday that any resolution passed by shareholders in Byju's will not apply until the next hearing, giving the once valuable education firm breathing space as some investors seek to oust its former billionaire CEO.

Poland's newly appointed central bank governor Glapinski attends a meeting at the Parliament in Warsaw

IMAGES

  1. How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

    structure of solution essay

  2. How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

    structure of solution essay

  3. How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

    structure of solution essay

  4. How-to-Structure-Cause-and-Solution-Essays

    structure of solution essay

  5. How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay That Works

    structure of solution essay

  6. Problem Solution Essay Outline

    structure of solution essay

COMMENTS

  1. How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay: Step-by-Step Instructions

    12 Ways to Solve Problems Writing Your Essay

  2. Problem-solution essays

    There are two main ways to structure a problem-solution essay. These are similar to the ways to structure cause and effect essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the problems are listed first, and all of the solutions are listed afterwards.

  3. IELTS Problem Solution Essays

    Essay structure How to plan How to write an introduction How to write main body paragraphs How to write a conclusion IELTS Writing Task 2 - How To Write Problem Solution Essays Want to watch and listen to this lesson? Click on this video. Click the links to see lessons on each of these Task 2 essay writing topics.

  4. IELTS Writing Task 2: How to Structure a 'Problem and Solution' Essay

    1. Separately - you discuss the main cause first then discuss the main solution. You need one or two main causes and one or two main solutions. 2. Together - you discuss the causes one at a time together with its solution. Again, you need at two main causes and two main solutions. Do not write an opinion essay

  5. Problem/solution essay in IELTS writing

    Introduction Body paragraph 1 - problems Body paragraph 2 - effects Conclusion Let's take a look at each of these sections in detail: Introduction Write your introduction in two sentences: Sentence 1 - paraphrase the statement (you can use 'nowadays/today/these days' to start):

  6. All You Need to Know About Writing a Problem Solution Essay

    The core of a problem solution essay is in the title. In this type of essay, a problem is presented, and a solution is offered. Doing this well requires presenting the issue in an audience-appropriate way and then offering solutions that thoroughly negate any critiques of those solutions. 4 Components of a Problem Solution Essay

  7. Effective Problem-Solution Essay Structure: How to Make it Right

    Problem Solution Essay Structure: Build Properly! When receiving a new assignment, you keep asking the same questions, 'What should I include in my essay?' or 'What is the problem solution essay structure?

  8. An Ultimate Guide to Writing IELTS Problem Solution Essays

    Start the essay with an introduction paragraph and conclude it with a conclusion paragraph, with the body paragraph between the two. If you're asked to write about both, cause and the solution, then you can write the cause in one body paragraph and the solution in the next body paragraph. Pro tip: To avoid a low score in IELTS problem ...

  9. Problem-Solution Essays: Definition and Examples

    A problem-solution essay is a type of argument. "This sort of essay involves argumentation in that the writer seeks to convince the reader to take a particular course of action. In explaining the problem, it may also need to persuade the reader concerning specific causes" (Dave Kemper et al., "Fusion: Integrated Reading and Writing," 2016).

  10. Ultimate Guide to Writing a Problem Solution Essay

    1. Basic format of a problem solution essay: Usually, the essay starts with an introduction that gives some background on the problem. This is followed by a thesis statement that explains how the problem could be solved. In the body, evidence and arguments are given to support the solution.

  11. How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

    Learn this method for writing a Problem-Solution Essay. The video is an overview of this essay's structure. Here are the links for: Intro Paragraph: https:...

  12. A comprehensive guide to writing problem solution essay

    In the problem solution essays, the structure is quite similar to the other essays that start with an essay introduction and is followed by body paragraphs and conclusions. To simplify, the standard structure of a problem solution consists of four paragraphs in which the introduction usually starts with asking a question that reflects the main ...

  13. Guide To Problem Solution Essay

    1. What is a Problem-Solution Essay? 2. Problem Solution Essay Structure 3. How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay? 4. Problem-Solution Essay Example 5. Problem Solution Essay Topics 6. Problem Solution Essay Checklist What is a Problem-Solution Essay?

  14. How to Structure an Essay

    Published on September 18, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023. The basic structure of an essay always consists of an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. But for many students, the most difficult part of structuring an essay is deciding how to organize information within the body.

  15. Problem/Solution Essays

    A problem/solution essay is written to explain the solution (s) for a problem. This essay can describe multiple solutions or one "ideal" solution to the problem you describe. Problem/Solution Essay Example 1 Problem/Solution Example Essay 2 Writing Skill: Summary Revising Revise A Problem/Solution Essay Timed Writing (Revising) Integrated ...

  16. Step-by-step Guide on How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay

    Step One: Defining the Problem and Choosing a Problem Solution Research Topic When asked to write a problem and solution essay you might be assigned to a situation to write about or be allowed to choose one.

  17. How to Write a Proposal Solution Essay: Step-by-Step Instructions

    A problem-solution essay is a type of argument, it's an essay where students analyze and write about a topic by identifying and explaining a problem proposing one or more solutions to the problem, and trying to convince the reader to take a specific approach. ... When structuring a persuasive solution essay follow the basic essay structure ...

  18. PDF Strategies for Essay Writing

    Strategies for Essay Writing Table of Contents ... explain, make an argument, propose a solution, trace, or research can help you understand what you're being asked to do with an assignment. Unless the instructor has specified otherwise, most of your paper assignments at ... structure your ideas in a longer essay. Once you've established ...

  19. How to Write a Problem-Solution Essay that Inspires Action

    Problem Solution Essay Structure. Like any other academic essay, this type requires three main sections. Namely, the introduction, the body part, and the conclusion. The size of each of the parts is rather limited. Therefore, you have to briefly and meaningfully state the necessary explanation. Let's take a look at the content of each of the ...

  20. Problem Solution Essay Structure: How to Write a Problem Solution Essay

    Problem/Solution Essay Structure. For a problem/solution essay to work, it must present a clearly defined problem in the introduction, present and explain possible solutions in the body, and restate the problems and the benefits of the solution in the conclusion. Instruct students to copy the following points: A successful problem/solution essay:

  21. Essay Structure: The 3 Main Parts of an Essay

    Basic essay structure: the 3 main parts of an essay Almost every single essay that's ever been written follows the same basic structure: Introduction Body paragraphs Conclusion This structure has stood the test of time for one simple reason: It works.

  22. Problem-Solution Essay Structure

    As for the approach in writing your essay, there are two problem-solution essay structures you can use: either a block structure or a chain structure. A block structure identifies and list all the problems first and then presents all of the solutions afterward. A block structure would look like this: Introduction Body Problem 1 Problem 2 Problem 3

  23. PDF Problem Solution Essays 1

    Problem solution essay block structure Aim To be introduced to problem solution essay block structure and attempt a problem solution essay writing practice. Preparation Make one copy of the four-page worksheet for each student. Level Upper-intermediate (B2) Time 90 minutes Introduction

  24. Cause & effect essays

    There are two main ways to structure a cause and effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by ...

  25. How to Write an AP Lang Synthesis Essay: Tips & Steps

    Step 6. Revise and edit. First, review your text for coherence, clarity, and accuracy. Second, check your AP Lang argument essay example for grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors. Third, make revisions as needed to strengthen your argument and improve the overall quality of your work.

  26. Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor

    Protein structure. The mBDNF is very similar in its primary structure to the other neurotrophic molecules. It shares roughly half of its amino acid sequence with NT-3, NT-4 and NGF. On the one hand, mBDNF and NT-3 and NT-4 are 119 amino-acid residue polypeptides. On the other hand, NGF is shorter by one amino acid residue.

  27. Structure And Function Of The CFTR Chloride Channel

    238. The cystic fibrosis trans membrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a unique member of the ABC transporter family that forms a novel Cl− channel. It is located predominantly in the apical membrane of epithelia where it mediates trans epithelial salt and liquid movement. Dysfunction of CFTR causes the genetic disease cystic fibrosis.

  28. How bad is Pakistan's debt crisis and can the IMF save it?

    Pakistan's debt-to-GDP ratio is already above 70% and the IMF and credit ratings agencies estimate that the interest payments on its debt will soak up 50% and 60% of the government's revenues this ...