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Technical writing standards, style and format.

When writing technical documents, engineers rely on style manuals, which provide standards for writing and designing documents. Style manuals ensure consistency in writing and formatting documents written for academic or workplace communications.

Academic disciplines, including academic journals, have their own style manuals. These style manuals are used in the production of theses, dissertations, or journal articles.

Organizations use company-specific style manuals that contain guidelines for producing technical documents, business correspondence, professional presentations, and visual features (trademarks and logos). Document format and punctuation rules are commonly found in these style manuals. Company-specific style manuals often contain templates, which are used when creating written technical documents (progress or status reports, design reports, proposals, etc.), correspondence (letters, memos, and emails), or presentation slides.

General Format Guidelines

The following guidelines represent generally accepted technical writing guidelines. As a reminder, guidelines may change based on the discipline, professor, employer, or journal the document is written for.

Technical documents typically contain:

  • Single spacing
  • Left justification; full justification is preferred for theses, dissertations, and journal articles.
  • One blank line between paragraphs OR indented paragraphs with no blank line between
  • Serif font (Times New Roman), 12 pt. font size. When documents are written for electronic media, however, a Sans Serif font (Calibri or Arial) is typically used.
  • One-inch margins. Margins may need to be adjusted when using company letterhead or when binding formal reports.

Stylistic Elements

Writers of technical information take into account the audience’s level of knowledge regarding the topic and the purpose of the document. In other words, “Why does the reader need this information and what will they do with it?” The following guidelines help writers achieve a readable style.

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Abbreviations are shortened forms of words such as ASME for American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Acronyms are formed when the abbreviation forms a pronounceable word such as NATO for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Abbreviations and acronyms should be spelled out the first time they appear in a technical document with the shortened form appearing in parentheses immediately after the term. The abbreviation or acronym can then be used throughout the paper.

Example: The Society for Technical Communication (STC) is a professional association dedicated to the advancement of technical communication, content, and information management.

Common abbreviations (U.S.) or acronyms (NASA) do not need to be spelled out when first used in a document.

Ambiguity occurs when words or passages can be interpreted in more than one way. Abstract language, misplaced modifiers, and vague pronoun reference can cause ambiguity. To make writing clear, avoid:

  • abstract language ( really, quite, severely, very )
  • overusing pronouns, particularly it, these, and this
  • imprecise or subjective terms ( fast, slow, tall, small )
  • words that have no precise meaning ( bit )

Analogies and Metaphors

Analogies and metaphors in useful in technical writing to illustrate abstract or complicated ideas by making comparisons between two generally unlike things.

“When two atoms approach each other at great speeds, they go through one another, while at moderate speeds, they bound off each other like two billiard balls.” Sir William Bragg

Writing with the intended audience(s) in mind is one of the most fundamental concepts of technical writing. Many technical documents will not only be read by the first person (primary audience) but may also be read by secondary audiences: readers in various levels of management, prospective financiers, or even individuals who access information without the writer’s knowledge.

For this reason, it is important to consider who may read your documents beyond the primary audience and write with any additional audiences in mind. This means targeting information appropriate for the knowledge of the audience(s) and using accessible language that both technical and non-technical audiences can understand.

Cliches, or figures of speech, are terms that have no concrete meaning and can affect the tone and professionalism of a document. Cliches should be avoided in technical writing. Examples include:

  • water under the bridge
  • writing on the wall
  • easier said than done
  • close the deal


Concise documents convey meaning using the fewest words possible without sacrificing meaning or clarity. To achieve conciseness:

  • Eliminate empty/wordy phrases ( there is/are and it is ). These are considered to be indirect phrases and tend to be unclear and wordy. Direct statements, on the other hand, are clear and concise. Instead of: “There are 25 students who have already expressed interest in next year’s program.” Use: “Twenty-five students have already expressed interest in next year’s program.”
  • Write using the active voice Instead of: “It was determined that the machine was broken by John.” (10 words) Use: “John broke the machine.” (4 words)
  • Avoid using weak verbs Instead of: My recommendation is for a larger budget. Use: I recommend a larger budget.
  • Eliminate filler words (very, quite, really, somewhat, that)


Contractions are shortened forms of words with the missing letters represented by an apostrophe such as “you’ll” for “you will” or “didn’t” for “did not.” Contractions are unprofessional and informal and should be avoided in most technical documents.

Generalized Statements

Generalizations are broad statements or ideas that are applied to a group of people or things and should be avoided in technical writing. These statements are difficult to substantiate and are too broad to be supported.

The only way to learn another language is to visit the country where it is spoken.

Cats are nicer than dogs.

Gender-Neutral Terms

Avoid specifying gender when possible. Gender specific language can create stereotypes, make generalizations, and exclude gender. Individuals should not be referred to solely as he or she . To achieve gender neutrality:

  • Use generic terms when referring to specific groups of people (“supervisors”)
  • Avoid gender-specific pronouns (“his” or “her”)
  • Use gender-neutral titles when referring to people “(sales representatives” not “salesmen”
  • A student should always do his homework. (not gender neutral)
  • A student should always do his or her homework. (gender neutral)
  • Students should always do their homework. (gender neutral)
  • A student should always do their homework. (gender neutral) *

*While it may seem strange or incorrect to use the plural their to refer to a single student, their has become the preferred replacement in many places in order to ensure gender neutral language. It is no longer considered grammatically incorrect to use their as a singular pronoun in this context.

In technical reports, headings are used to organize documents, guide the reader, and break content into manageable chunks of information. Readers often peruse headings and read those sections that pertain to them.

Headings organize content into large sections (major headings) and then into smaller sections (sub-headings). Headings are formatted by level (first level, second level, third level, etc.) and vary in their position and formatting. Discipline- and employer-specific style manuals will provide guidelines in the placement and visual layout of headings. Headings vary in the type of information they provide:

  • Brief topic headings use short words or phrases Example: College Applications
  • Statement headings use sentences or phrases and are more informational in nature. Example: College Application Process
  • Question headings are useful when writing documents that explain how to do something. Example: How do I Apply for College?

When using headings:

  • Construct headings in a parallel fashion
  • Try to avoid starting headings with a, an, or the
  • Aim for at least two headings at each level; avoid dividing a section into a single sub-section if possible
  • Avoid repeating the wording of a higher-level heading in a sub-heading
  • Use headings to create the table of contents (if applicable to the document)

Jargon is often called professional slang and consists of terms specific to a particular organization. Examples of jargon include terms like “flame” or “FUBAR.” Jargon sets members of an organization apart from non-members. When communicating with individuals who are likely to be unfamiliar with jargon, avoid using the term.

Lists are useful in technical writing for three purposes: to write a series of related items, to describe a series of tasks, and to make items visually accessible. Lists can be written in a sentence (as in the previous sentence) or set off from the text vertically. Items listed vertically are prefaced with a bullet, number, or checkmark. Bulleted lists make items easy to see or locate, numbered lists organize steps in a process, and checklists communicate items that need are required or need to be completed.

Lists are prefaced with a lead-in phrase ( Items to review for the training: ) or sentence ( The following topics will be reviewed at the training: )

Key points to keep in mind when creating lists:

  • Lists should be constructed in a parallel fashion.
  • Lists comprised of brief items typically contain no ending punctuation.
  • Lists with no sequence required should be arranged logically (most to least important, alphabetical)
  • Lists written as full sentences should use appropriate ending punctuation.

Narration (Point of View)

When writing, it is important to use appropriate tense and narration. Engineers often write to explain how something happened: a lab procedure, a site visit, an accident, a recommendation.

Third person narration is most often the appropriate choice in technical documents and academic journals, but in some cases it might be appropriate to use first or second person (common in business correspondence).

Examples: First person narration , “I” words are used. I should get good grades in college. We should get good grades in college. Second person narration , “You” words are used. You should get good grades in college. Third person narration , “he/she/neutral” words are used. A student should get good grades in college.

Students should get good grades in college.


Technical documents present facts, data, evidence, calculations, results, and theories, which must be presented in an impersonal, neutral, and objective manner. Avoid use of the word “feelings” or the verb “feel” in technical writing.

Phrases such as “I feel this is the best approach” evokes emotion, is not objective, and can lend uncertainty to technical writing. Similarly, “When the weight feels right” should not be used in describing inanimate objects.

Paragraphs are the building blocks of documents. It is important to keep in mind the basic elements of paragraph construction: each paragraph should contain a topic sentence that is well-developed and supported, discuss one idea, and transition to the next paragraph.

In technical writing, paragraphs are generally kept to 4-6 lines. Short paragraphs emphasize main ideas, encourage conciseness, keep the reader’s attention, and break up content into manageable chunks.


Parallelism means using the same structure for listed items. These items can occur in a sentence, in a table, in a bulleted or numbered list, or in headings. Sentences with parallel structure are easier to read and flow more smoothly.

When creating a bullet list, all items in the list should be parallel in construction.

Redundancy means using two or more words that essentially mean the same thing. Redundancy affects conciseness.

  • a new innovation
  • absolutely true
  • red in color
  • cylindrical in shape

SI versus Customary Units

Systeme Internationale (SI) units are the most widely and officially recognized system of metric units for weights, dimensions, and other physical measures in technical writing. Technical documents should use SI units in text, figures, tables, and equations.

Sentence Length

In technical writing, uncomplicated sentences are used to state complex ideas. Long, complex sentences tend to confuse readers. Strive for a sentence length of 10-20 words. A document should not be constructed, however, of short, choppy sentences. Varying sentence length can encourage readability, make comparisons, and contrast information.

Technical Terms and Definitions

When introducing a technical term in a document, italicize and provide a brief explanation of the term the first time it is used. There are generally three types of technical definitions: informal, formal, and expanded.

Informal definitions contain a word or brief phrase, often in parentheses, that gives minimal information about the term.

“At the southwest corner of the mall site, we found 16 barrels of creosote (a coal tar derivative) buried under three feet of sand.”

Formal definitions are typically a full sentence that distinguishes the term from other similar terms and includes the term itself, a class to which the term belongs, and distinguishing feature(s) of the term, which typically describe what the term does.

If the technical term has unclear or multiple meanings, add a qualifier to the beginning of the definition.

Tone refers to the feeling or attitude a document evokes; tone can also portray how the writer feels about a subject. Tone can be dependent on the purpose, audience, or medium of the message. Strive for neutral, professional, understandable words. Because engineers deal with complex information and terminology, word usage should be accessible and familiar.

Voice (Active or Passive)

Voice refers to how verbs are used in sentences. Although passive voice has long been a hallmark of technical writing, writing in the active voice is a preferred practice. Active voice makes documents more readable by making sentences more clear and concise. Passive voice is still used for certain types of technical documents such as lab reports.

When the verb is in the active voice, the subject performs the action; when the verb is used in the passive voice, the subject receives the action.

The boy hit the ball.

The ball was hit by the boy.

Hint: Watch for phrasing patterns common to passive voice: “was (verb)ed by….”

Use active voice when:

  • writing most technical documents.
  • writing needs to be concise, clear, and direct.
  • it is important to know the “doer” of the sentence.

Use passive voice when:

  • the genre (format) calls for passive voice (lab reports)
  • the action itself is more important than who or what performed the action or when the doer of the action is unknown.

Word Choice

Words should be used that are accessible and familiar to your audiences, both primary and secondary. This means using a shorter, more well-known word in place of a longer, less-known word with the same meaning.

In an essay, you will write about a topic in depth, presenting a clear argument which leads logically to your conclusions. You will need to provide evidence from academic sources to support your argument.

Most essays are written in response to a specific question set by a lecturer but you will sometimes have a choice of questions or an element of choice within the question.

Assessment criteria

It is always a good idea to look at the criteria that will be used to assess your essay. There is no one standard set of criteria but lecturers will usually be looking for evidence of the following:

  • Wide, relevant reading
  • Addressing the question / task set
  • Analytical ability
  • Well-constructed argument
  • Use of relevant examples / evidence
  • Clarity of expression
  • Appropriate and accurate referencing

The more detailed structure of an essay will depend on the question that is being answered. However, for all essays you should:

Analysing the question

In this video, Professor John Preston explains how to approach an engineering essay.  He discusses an essay entitled , 'For local bus services, what are the appropriate levels of regulation and the appropriate forms of competition and ownership? Justify your answer with reference to theoretical and practical evidence both from Great Britain and elsewhere', and points out that there are 9 things you need to include in your analysis in order to fully answer the question .

Read a wide range of academic sources including books, journals and reports. Identify evidence you can use to support your ideas, but don’t ignore evidence that contradicts them; you may need to rethink your argument.

Once you have analysed the question and read widely, you should have a clear idea what your main argument will be. Now write an outline of your essay consisting of the topic sentence (main idea) of each paragraph and the evidence you will use to support this assertion.

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An essay is a story, a story that needs to be substantiated with evidence from the academic literature, for example, books and journal papers.

Don't start writing until you have:

analysed the essay question

read widely about all aspects of it

planned your response.

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Entry to a Major Essays

Instructions & guidance.

There are three essay portions to the application: “Statement of Purpose,” “Outstanding Achievements” and “Additional Information.” Although “Outstanding Achievements" and “Additional Information” are optional, it is highly recommended that you complete these essays.

This application uses plain text formatting. You are encouraged to use a word processor like Microsoft Word to compose your essays and to check your word count (250 words for each essay), spelling and grammar. You can then copy and paste your text onto the application text area. 

Do not use AI text generators such as ChatGPT to complete your ETAM application. Using AI text generators may be considered plagiarism and/or cheating according to Student Rule: Suspected use of generative AI may constitute a violation of the Texas A&M Honor Code and will be referred to the Aggie Honor System Office for investigation. More information may be found through the Aggie Honor System Office.

The University Writing Center  is a resource available to help prepare and/or review your essays. View this brief video with ETAM essay tips and information about ETAM-related services from the University Writing Center.

Essay Topics

Additional information for each essay topic is provided below:

  • Statement of Purpose:  You will write one “Statement of Purpose” for each major you select. Your statement of purpose should explain your reason for selecting this major and include academic areas of interest, future professional career goals and strengths you would bring to the department. You should clearly articulate why you are interested in a specific major. You can also write about student organizations you have joined within the major or faculty you have met from this major and include all accomplishments related to the major.
  • Outstanding Achievements:  Avoid using major-specific language. All majors you apply to will have access to read this essay. Use complete sentences; do not use bullet points. This section gives you an opportunity to discuss any outstanding achievements you feel are notable for departments to consider. Outstanding achievements should include leadership roles, major projects related to engineering, work or internship experience and scholarships you have received. You may use awards from your time in high school — particularly if they are related to engineering, science, math, or any leadership or extracurricular activities such as band, UIL, etc. This is also a great space to discuss AP credit and other academic qualifications.
  • Additional Information:  Avoid major-specific language. All majors you apply to will have access to read this essay. This section allows you the opportunity to give additional information you want the committee to consider. You can include extenuating circumstances or other factors influencing your academic performance.
  • Application Process and Guidelines
  • Engineering Department Advisors
  • Current Degree Programs
  • Placement Outcomes

Become a Writer Today

Essays About Engineering: Top 5 Essay Examples Plus Prompts

Engineering is one of the most sought after professions for the 21st century. If you are writing essays about engineering, use these examples below.

A common stereotype of engineers is that they build houses, but that is simply not the case. Nearly all of the things we enjoy today are because of engineers. The food you buy at the grocers is deemed as safe thanks to the chemical engineers who analyzed its contents. The smartphone or laptop you’re using to read this right now was made possible by computer engineers.

The house you’re living in, the offices you go to work at, these marvels made our life easier because of engineers who dedicated their time to innovate and solve our problems through science and mathematics. After all, accuracy is what sets engineers apart.

If you are writing an essay about engineering, here are 5 essay examples to help you write an insightful piece.

1. Why Engineers Are Becoming Increasingly Important by Christopher McFadden

2. women in engineering: why i chose an engineering degree by purity muhia, 3. taking lessons from what went wrong by william j. broad, 4. the way i work: brendan walker by gary ryan, 5. engineering ethics and its impact on society by dr. william m. marcy and jane b. rathbun, 1. different types of engineering, 2. future of engineering, 3. how to become an engineer, 4. pros and cons of engineering innovation, 5. is engineering hard.

“ Now consider a society that is completely free of engineers. What would it look like? It’s a hard thing to picture because for as long as humans have existed, engineers (in some fashion) have also existed. 

The closest we can probably think about would be a hunter-gatherer one. This society would literally be one of pure survival. There would be no innovation, no technology of any kind. As soon as one or other members of that society created a trap, a spear or improved on a technique for smashing things an engineer will have been “born” .”

McFadden eloquently discussed how engineers transformed our way of living and the big role they’ll be playing as society becomes increasingly reliant on technology. He also discussed the impact engineers have in different sectors such agriculture, health, and education.

“ There are some girls who still grow up thinking that engineering and science isn’t meant for women. It is important to remember women can thrive in the world of engineering. I chose engineering because I loved math and science, and engineering promised real opportunities to change the world. ”

Muhia is now one step closer to achieving her dreams of making a change in the world as she now holds a master’s degree in Environmental Engineering. 

In this essay, which she wrote back in 2016 as a student intern, she discussed the origins of her interest in engineering and aimed to inspire other young women to pursue this profession as a way to bring a different perspective to a vocation dominated by men.

“ It is not that failure is desirable, or that anyone hopes for or aims for a disaster. But failures, sometimes appalling, are inevitable, and given this fact, engineers say it pays to make good use of them to prevent future mistakes.

The result is that the technological feats that define the modern world are sometimes the result of events that some might wish to forget. ”

Two-time Pulitzer Prize winner William Broad took a dive into the subject of how some of the innovations we enjoy today were conceptualized based on the tragedies of the past. Written in the midst of the Deepwater Horizon Drilling Rig Disaster, the article gathered the takes of distinguished engineers and used infamous engineering mishaps to discuss the adjustments made to improve work conditions and quality of life.

“ Novelty is a big part of creating a thrilling experience, so fairgrounds have historically been early adopters of new technology… Now the challenge for people like me is to produce content that controls and choreographs people’s emotional experience using this technology. ”

Coined as the world’s only thrill engineer, Brendan Walker reminisced his transition from an aeronautical engineer to conceptualizing and designing roller coasters and other theme park rides, and how understanding the physiological responses is key to providing patrons an unforgettable, thrilling experience.

“One aspect of many of the recent and prominently technological changes is a vast array of unintended consequences that the designers never anticipated. Unintended consequences frequently overshadow the anticipated benefits designers of a new technology had in mind. While many unintended consequences may have tremendous positive impacts on society, others may not. Ethical considerations must be included in every step of the design, documentation and deployment process to help anticipate and mitigate negative consequences.”

Dr. Marcy and Rathbun’s insightful essay examines how to assist engineers facing ethical dilemmas. It proposes addressing the three fundamental issues regarding engineering ethics – namely engineering ethics education, ethical decision making in professional practice, and protecting the rights of engineers to make such decisions.

Essay Prompts About Engineering

It can be a challenge to think of ideas and questions when writing an essay, especially if the subject revolves on something as technical as engineering. Here are five essay topics about engineering that might be able to help you out.

Essays about engineering: Different types of engineering

At present, there are up to 21 types of engineers that’s making a difference in the world we live in. From biochemical engineers to software engineers, this essay topic can discuss each branch and tackle their area of expertise as well as the groundbreaking innovations they’ve provided over the last few years. If you can’t investigate all, you can prompt to choose one type and focus your research on there.

Looking for more suggestions? Check out our essays about technology for your next project.

As mentioned, all types of engineers are working day in and day out to improve our way of living. With 21 types of engineers to choose from, you can choose which branch will impact your or your family’s future. For instance, if you’re an environmentally-conscious individual, you can home in on the research done by environmental engineers. Alternatively, you can focus on picturing what the next high-rise buildings will look like or what are the medical advancements 10 or 20 years from now.

This can be a range of different things. It can be an essay topic on how easy or difficult acquiring an engineering degree can be based on personal experience. It can be about how to inspire your kids to become future engineers by piquing their interest in infrastructures, space exploration, and even video games in a way that they will understand.

Technological advancements have their ups and downs. We won’t be able to see it at first, but a crack in its foundation will show after years of usage. An investigative essay showing an innovation’s advantages and disadvantages might reveal the next scientific discovery of the century that will change the world’s future.

Consider writing a short essay about the merits of the engineering profession. These types of essays are good because they help aspiring engineers and students figure out if they want to work in this career path. It also encourages to writer to either reflect on their experiences or consult more knowledgeable experts. 

Tip: If writing an essay sounds like a lot of work, simplify it. Write a simple 5 paragraph essay instead.

engineering in essay writing

Bryan Collins is the owner of Become a Writer Today. He's an author from Ireland who helps writers build authority and earn a living from their creative work. He's also a former Forbes columnist and his work has appeared in publications like Lifehacker and Fast Company.

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engineering in essay writing

How to Write Cornell’s College of Engineering Essay

This article was written based on the information and opinions presented by Vinay Bhaskara and Mariana Goldlust in a CollegeVine livestream. You can watch the full livestream for more info.

What’s Covered:

How to approach the prompt, various topics to consider.

If you are applying to Cornell’s College of Engineering, you will be required to respond to the following prompt:

How do your interests directly connect with Cornell Engineering? If you have an intended major, what draws you to that department at Cornell Engineering? If you are unsure what specific engineering field you would like to study, describe how your general interest in engineering most directly connects with Cornell Engineering. It may be helpful to concentrate on one or two things that you are most excited about. (250 words)

In this article, we will discuss the prompt as well as different topics that you can cover in your response. If you are applying to a different college at Cornell, check out this article for guidance on the other prompts.

Cornell’s College of Engineering has a really strong reputation. It’s one of the strongest engineering programs in the country. This question Cornell is asking is a mix of why have you chosen the college of engineering and why have you chosen your major. 

You want to think about not only those academic goals you have and your background, but also delve into your career interests as well. Research carefully to show that you’ve done your homework on Cornell and what the engineering department offers. That is where you can elaborate on your connection to the school and its values. 

There are also so many different opportunities within the engineering school. Cornell engineering has team projects, co-ops, and more. As you do your research into these areas to learn a bit about them try to find ways, if you’re interested in engineering, to communicate that interest and connect it to Cornell’s opportunities. 

Solving a Problem In Your Community

One topic you may choose to write about is how an engineering background and your interest in engineering will impact your community. You could write about whichever community you choose, but make sure to cover what you might do as an engineer to solve a problem your community is facing. 

If you’re trying to write a winning essay, you want to show how you are a unique problem solver and might think critically about any sort of problem. Regardless of whether the problem is related to engineering or not, the ability to think critically will help any student majoring in engineering.

If you choose to write about a problem in your community you wish to solve, it might be easier to focus on one solution rather than multiple. Diving into those solutions and why you believe they will work is important and will show your ability to think critically. However, it isn’t necessarily the quality of the solution that is important, but more the quality of your analysis. 

The Diversity Issue

Another topic to write about could be the diversity problem. Answering this kind of essay could get into how you interact with people from different backgrounds and therefore bring a different perspective. Ask yourself what kind of leader you could be and how you would prioritize inclusivity. At Cornell’s Engineering school, you’ll work with groups from every background, so you must be an inclusive thinker and problem solver. 

A great essay would focus on how you can be an inclusive leader and therefore an inclusive student at Cornell. Regardless of whether you come from a diverse background, everyone must support inclusivity, especially in STEM environments. Cornell takes pride in holistically thinking about diversity and bringing in people from all different backgrounds. The school wants to make sure that the people in these backgrounds will work well together. 

Women In STEM

Similarly to the diversity issue, writing about the lack of women in engineering could be a great response to this prompt. Think critically about why this is and what steps you would take as a leader to solve this issue. No matter your gender, everyone can address this topic as it will be prevalent throughout every engineer’s career. If this topic is something you’re passionate about, definitely consider writing about this when thinking about your essay. 

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Wonderful Engineering

32 Best Topics For An Engineering Essay

10 Ways You Can Instantly Improve Your Writing 3

If a regular college student was told to come up with a list of the most difficult academic disciplines to deal with, we bet that engineering would be deservedly mentioned. Yes, this discipline is quite challenging to get around, which is especially true of home assignments in engineering so some students are forced to ask someone to  write my essay . This delicate problem often prompts some students to apply for help to online services, asking, “ do my engineering homework .” But it’s not only homework assignments in engineering that give college kids a hard time – another big burden connected with this discipline is academic writing.

In engineering paper writing, the first and most exasperating obstacle is settling on the topic. At first sight, choosing a paper topic seems to be quite easy. In reality, given the complexity of the discipline, developing a topic for an engineering discipline is a rigorous process. For this reason, we decided to put pen to paper and provide you with the greatest engineering essay topics!

Software Engineering Essay Topics

  • The rapid evolution of neural networks
  • Computer-assisted education as an innovative solution to the traditional academic system
  • The implementation of machine learning in today’s digital industry
  • The risks of using virus-infected computer software
  • Virtual reality and human perception
  • AI in modern digital marketing
  • The challenges of database management
  • The interactions between humans and machines
  • The problem of ethical hacking today
  • The development of biometric systems for computers

Biomedical Engineering Essay Topics

  • The critical importance of modeling diseases through engineering
  • The ways of improving medical imaging methods
  • The outlook for structural health monitoring
  • Genetic engineering as one of the most popular fields of biomedical engineering
  • The use of biomedical engineering in handling the COVID-19 situation
  • Biorobotics in disease detection
  • The authentication systems based on biorobotics
  • The treatment of cardiac diseases with the help of biomedical engineering

Structural Engineering Essay Topics

  • The use of software in modeling experiments
  • How to study the vulnerability of a particular area
  • Self-healing: core principles
  • The utilization of probabilistic methods in structural engineering

Mechanical Engineering Essay Topics

  • Marine shipping and air pollution
  • The history of mechanical engineering
  • Parallel kinematic machines
  • Manufacturing systems: performance analysis
  • Electricity production mechanisms used at nuclear power plants
  • The technology of solid-liquid separation
  • The mechanical engineering of the smart auto-reeling mechanism
  • Perpetual motion machines: the outlook
  • The implementation of oil depletion
  • The use of mechanical engineering in metallurgy

Engineering Writing Is Easy!

Developed by our top engineering specialists, these longed-for paper topics are for all students who fail to develop a good idea for their engineering papers. As you can now see, creating a solid engineering paper topic is not as big a deal as some college students believe it to be. Equipped with these 32 brilliant paper topics, you no longer have to torment yourself with the tedious procedure of seeking inspiration for your academic paper. Make sure to select the best topic from our top list developed by the leading experts in engineering!

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engineering in essay writing

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A Comprehensive Guide on How to Write an Engineering Essay

A Comprehensive Guide on How to Write an Engineering Essay

April 11, 2022

The Ultimate Essay, and Interesting Topics yours with Examples

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If we talk about the most complicated technical field of study, engineering cannot be left out of the list. It includes a broad topic and appliances to educational performance and real-life situations. The demands for engineers in Australia have again increased after the COVID-19 pandemic. Many potential candidates are travelling to Australia to work as an Engineer. Due to this, many students have shown their interest in studying engineering at an Australian university. If you are the one, you must be well-versed with the assignments covered during the study. As per the engineering assignment help professionals, students pursuing engineering degrees in Australia are often asked to deal with research papers, dissertations, reports, and essays. Today, we discuss the types of essays covered and the best ways to write them.

Types of Essay Covered In Engineering

Our experts providing assignment help are well-known for all the essays covered in the engineering study. Based on their experience, they have listed some most-written engineering essays –

  • Argumentative
  • Classification
  • Informative
  • Expository and more.

Dealing with the above essay forms cannot be easy for every student. Hence, the engineering assignment help professionals discuss some significant factors that a student can follow to write engineering essay.

How To Structure An Engineering Essay?

Essay writing is a critical component at every level of academics. It is, in essence, how members of the academic world communicate with one another. As a result, there are a few basic approaches for students to format their engineering essays. Essay writing isn't only a hoop for learners to jump over. The teaching staffs and instructors also create professional essays, and they do not expect anything less from their learners than what is expected of them.

Several scholars make mistakes while writing engineering essays by either failing to prepare ahead or not comprehending the standards of writing essays. The importance of an effective and adequate essay format is one of these requirements. When students fail to format their essays correctly, they frequently lose significant marks.

So, what is the best way to format academic writing? What is the ideal format for an essay structure?

Take a moment to consider what an essay is? What exactly is it designed to accomplish? For example, if you're writing an argument essay, you'll need to research a topic. On the other hand, the directions following will assist you in properly constructing your engineering assignment.

Where does The Essay Starts? (Introduction)

While drafting an essay for engineering subjects, each sentence and phrase must be carefully considered. You should give it your all here and make a terrific first impression.

Most instructors will begin evaluating your paper in their heads once they look at it. Apart from the grading system, they might also assess your essay into interesting/dull, strong/weak, or effective/ineffective categories. With the introduction, most people may get the idea of where your engineering essay stands on that scale. Hence, it becomes important to make a good start with your introduction.

  • Always start your essay with an introduction that explicitly states the purpose of what you're about to present and, if applicable, mentions the topic under consideration.
  • Declare the essay's goal and quickly outline some of the primary themes you'll be considering.
  • The goal is to provide a high-level summary of your arguments to your reader, demonstrating that your reasoning is logical and consistent and that you have thoroughly considered the subject.
  • Don't go into great detail about any of the main themes in your introduction; they'll each get their paragraph later.
  • If the engineering essay asks you for an 'either or' or a 'how far do you agree' question, the assignment writer suggests you set out both sides of the argument briefly in the introduction.

The Body Of Your Essay

The body paragraph is the second section of an engineering essay. This is also termed the lengthiest section. According to assignment help professionals, a short essay usually comprises three whole paragraphs, while a large essay has many more. It is important to understand that each paragraph you write in an essay should represent a point you want to make about the issue. 

Just like an essay, paragraphs also have a predictable structure. To demonstrate the argument structure, you must begin a new paragraph whenever you want to introduce or discuss a new point. Every paragraph must start with a signpost statement that states the major issue discussed in that section. In the signpost phrase, it's occasionally useful to refer again to the title to remind the reader of the importance and objective of your topic. This method also makes writing an engineering essay easier because you are reminded of what you are concentrating on at each phase.

Steps to Write An Effective Body Paragraphs

  • Step 1: Writing a Topic Sentence
  • Step 2: Unpack the Topic Sentence
  • Step 3: Provide Proof
  • Step 4: Examine the Proof
  • Step 5: Demonstrate Your Goal
  • Step 6: Make a smooth transition

Need assistance in your essay? Feel free to avail engineering assignment help. A team of talented, skilled, and experienced essay writers will guide you in drafting the body paragraphs of an essay.

The End Of Your Essay (Conclusion)

This is the conclusion is the final element of your essay. In most cases, the conclusion can be a single paragraph, whereas sometime, it may be two or three paragraphs for slightly longer topics.

A conclusion is found at the end of every academic essay. Its goal is to highlight the main aspects of your case and, if necessary, to make a final verdict or opinion on the subjects you've been debating. Conclusions may attempt to link the essay to bigger concerns or areas for additional research.

The conclusion may not introduce any new ideas; instead, you should only see it as a place to discuss what you have previously presented in your essay. Moreover, you can keep going back to the topic in the end to show the assessor that you have responded to the question correctly. Ensure they understand your case by briefly addressing each major point.

5 C's Approach to Consider for Writing Conclusion

  • To begin, close the cycle. Return to a point you made at the beginning.
  • Conclude. Demonstrate your final position.
  • Make sure everything is clear. Explain how your ultimate viewpoint relates to the Essay Question.
  • Be concerned. Explain to who your findings are of concern.
  • Consequences are the fifth point to consider. Finish with a compelling sentence that explains why this topic is so important.

Hopefully, the above guide presented by the engineering assignment help will surely assist you in drafting an impressive engineering essay. If you still need further assignment writing assistance, leave your comment below or connect with assignment help services. Here, you will get round the clock academic assistance under the supervision of assignment experts who have been assisting scholars over the past five years. You will get online tutoring, live sessions, expert consultation, proofreading, editing, etc.

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Home — Essay Samples — Science — Technology & Engineering — Engineering

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Essays on Engineering

Crafting an engineering essay isn't just about equations and diagrams; it's a blend of science, creativity, and effective communication. We're here to sprinkle some wisdom your way with tips, prompts, and a bunch of inspiring ideas to get those engineering gears turning.

1. Prompts to Get Your Brain Buzzing

Let's explore some sample prompts. These will help you understand the types of questions you might encounter:

  • Discuss the impact of emerging technologies on the field of civil engineering.
  • Analyze the environmental sustainability challenges in modern electrical engineering projects.
  • Examine the role of robotics in revolutionizing manufacturing processes.
  • Explore the ethical considerations in engineering decision-making, using a real-life case study.

These prompts serve as springboards for your essay, guiding your thoughts and helping you structure your content effectively.

2. Brainstorming Epic Essay Topics

Choosing the right topic is the first step towards crafting an outstanding engineering essay. Here are some points to consider while brainstorming:

  • Passion: Pick a topic that genuinely excites you. Your enthusiasm will shine through in your writing.
  • Relevance: Ensure your chosen topic is relevant to current engineering trends or issues.
  • Originality: Avoid well-trodden paths and aim for a unique angle or fresh perspective.
  • Research Potential: Confirm that there's enough research material available to support your chosen topic.
  • Practicality: Consider the practical aspects of your topic and whether it can be explored effectively in an essay format.

Once you've considered these points, you'll be better equipped to select a topic that'll make your essay stand out.

3. 20 Engineering Essay Topics to Ignite Your Imagination

Now, let's get those creative engineering juices flowing with a list of unique and thought-provoking essay topics:

  • 3D Printing Revolution: Explore the impact of 3D printing technology on various engineering disciplines.
  • Engineering Marvels: Analyze a renowned engineering project like the Panama Canal or the Burj Khalifa, highlighting its challenges and innovations.
  • AI in Healthcare: Discuss the role of artificial intelligence in improving healthcare technology and patient outcomes.
  • Sustainable Energy Solutions: Examine the advancements in renewable energy sources and their potential to combat climate change.
  • Space Exploration and Engineering: Explore the engineering feats behind space missions, such as the Mars rovers or the International Space Station.
  • Green Building Technologies: Analyze the latest trends in eco-friendly construction methods and materials.
  • The Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles: Discuss the ethical dilemmas surrounding self-driving cars and their impact on society.
  • Water Resource Management: Examine innovative engineering solutions for sustainable water supply and management.
  • The Future of Transportation: Explore the possibilities of hyperloop technology and its potential to revolutionize transportation.
  • Engineering in Disaster Relief: Analyze the role of engineering in disaster response and recovery efforts.
  • Nanotechnology Breakthroughs: Discuss the recent breakthroughs and applications of nanotechnology in various engineering fields.
  • Biomechanics and Sports Engineering: Examine the engineering behind sports equipment and how it enhances athlete performance.
  • Space Elevators: Explore the theoretical concept of space elevators and their feasibility for future space travel.
  • Renewable Energy Storage: Analyze innovative methods for storing renewable energy efficiently.
  • Engineering in Art Conservation: Discuss how engineering techniques are used to preserve and restore valuable works of art and cultural heritage.
  • Humanoid Robotics: Examine the development of humanoid robots and their potential applications in various industries.
  • The Role of Engineers in Climate Change Mitigation: Discuss how engineers are actively working to combat climate change through sustainable solutions.
  • Environmental Impact of E-Waste: Analyze the environmental consequences of electronic waste and potential engineering solutions.
  • Engineering Challenges in Underwater Exploration: Explore the unique challenges engineers face in designing equipment for underwater exploration.
  • Smart Cities: Discuss the concept of smart cities and how engineering plays a pivotal role in their development.

These topics offer a wide range of exciting possibilities to explore in your engineering essay. Pick one that resonates with your interests and dive right in!

4. Inspiration for Crafting Stellar Paragraphs

Now, let's sprinkle some inspiration on your essay with sample paragraphs and phrases that can elevate your writing:

Paragraph 1: Introduction

Engineering is the backbone of modern civilization, driving innovation, and shaping our world. In this essay, we embark on a thrilling journey through the fascinating realm of engineering, exploring its diverse facets, challenges, and contributions to society. From cutting-edge technologies to sustainable solutions, we'll delve deep into the heart of engineering excellence.

Paragraph 2: The Impact of 3D Printing Technology

3D printing technology has revolutionized the way we design and manufacture products across various industries. Its applications span from aerospace to healthcare, offering cost-effective and efficient solutions. For instance, in the aerospace sector, 3D printing has enabled the creation of intricate and lightweight components, reducing fuel consumption and carbon emissions. This breakthrough technology not only enhances engineering efficiency but also paves the way for a more sustainable future.

Paragraph 3: Ethics in Engineering Decision-Making

Engineering isn't just about technical know-how; it also involves ethical considerations that can have far-reaching consequences. Take the example of the decision-making process in designing autonomous vehicles. Engineers face complex moral dilemmas, such as how an autonomous car should prioritize passenger safety over pedestrians or vice versa. These ethical questions require careful examination and transparent discussions to ensure that engineering advancements align with societal values and priorities.

Paragraph 4: The Future of Sustainable Energy

As the world grapples with the impending climate crisis, engineers play a pivotal role in developing sustainable energy solutions. Solar panels, wind turbines, and energy-efficient buildings are just a few examples of engineering innovations aimed at reducing carbon footprints. For instance, the incorporation of energy-efficient materials in construction not only lowers energy consumption but also contributes to the longevity of buildings, reducing maintenance costs. This intersection of engineering and sustainability holds the promise of a greener and cleaner future.

Paragraph 5: The Challenges of Space Exploration

Engineering marvels are prominently displayed in the field of space exploration. The challenges engineers face are immense, from designing spacecraft capable of surviving the harsh conditions of space to ensuring the safety of astronauts during extended missions. The Mars rovers, with their remarkable ability to explore the Red Planet remotely, showcase the engineering ingenuity required for interplanetary exploration. These endeavors expand our understanding of the universe and inspire the next generation of engineers to reach for the stars.

And there you have it, dear engineering essay enthusiast! Armed with prompts, brainstorming tips, unique topics, and inspirational sample paragraphs, you're well-equipped to embark on your journey of crafting an exceptional engineering essay. So, roll up your sleeves, grab your keyboard, and let your engineering brilliance shine through your words. Happy writing!

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Engineering is a discipline and profession that applies scientific, mathematical, and technical knowledge to design, create, improve, and innovate various systems, structures, machines, and processes to address practical problems and meet human needs. It involves the application of scientific principles, empirical evidence, and practical expertise to develop practical solutions that improve the quality of life, enhance efficiency, and contribute to societal advancements.

Engineering has its origins in the earliest human civilizations, where primitive engineering techniques were employed to build structures and develop technologies to meet various needs. The history of engineering is a testament to humanity's ingenuity and problem-solving abilities. The roots of engineering can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus Valley, where advancements in agriculture, irrigation systems, and construction techniques took place. These early developments laid the foundation for engineering principles that are still relevant today. Over time, engineering evolved and diversified into various disciplines such as civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and many more. The Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries marked a significant milestone in engineering history, with the emergence of innovative technologies and machinery that revolutionized manufacturing processes and transportation systems. Throughout the 20th century, engineering continued to advance rapidly, driven by scientific discoveries and technological breakthroughs. The fields of aerospace engineering, computer engineering, and biomedical engineering, among others, emerged, shaping the modern world and expanding the boundaries of human capabilities. Today, engineering plays a vital role in addressing global challenges and improving quality of life. Engineers are at the forefront of designing sustainable infrastructure, developing renewable energy solutions, creating advanced technologies, and finding innovative solutions to complex problems.

Civil Engineering: This branch deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of infrastructure such as buildings, bridges, roads, dams, and water supply systems. Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical engineers work on the design, development, and manufacturing of machinery, engines, vehicles, and other mechanical systems. Electrical Engineering: Electrical engineers specialize in the study and application of electrical systems, including power generation, transmission, and utilization, as well as electronics and telecommunications. Chemical Engineering: Chemical engineers are involved in the design and operation of processes that transform raw materials into useful products, such as pharmaceuticals, fuels, and chemicals. Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineers focus on the design, development, and testing of aircraft, spacecraft, and related technologies. Computer Engineering: Computer engineers work on the design and development of computer systems, hardware, and software, including areas like computer networks, cybersecurity, and artificial intelligence. Environmental Engineering: Environmental engineers work to protect and improve the environment by designing sustainable solutions for waste management, pollution control, and resource conservation. Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineers combine engineering principles with medical and biological sciences to develop solutions for healthcare, including medical devices, prosthetics, and imaging systems.

Nikola Tesla: A Serbian-American inventor and electrical engineer, Tesla's work revolutionized the field of electrical power and laid the foundation for the development of alternating current (AC) systems. Leonardo da Vinci: Although best known as an artist, da Vinci was also an engineer and inventor. His designs and sketches showcased his visionary ideas for inventions such as flying machines, bridges, and military weapons. Thomas Edison: An American inventor and businessman, Edison is credited with numerous inventions, including the practical electric light bulb, phonograph, and motion picture camera, which revolutionized the modern world. Grace Hopper: An American computer scientist and naval officer, Hopper played a pivotal role in the development of computer programming languages. Her work on the development of COBOL (Common Business-Oriented Language) paved the way for modern software engineering. Elon Musk: A contemporary entrepreneur and engineer, Musk has made significant contributions to various fields, including electric vehicles (Tesla), space exploration (SpaceX), and renewable energy (SolarCity).

Innovation and Advancement: Engineering drives innovation by developing new technologies, products, and solutions to address societal needs. It fosters advancements in various fields, including transportation, communication, healthcare, energy, and more. Infrastructure Development: Engineers design and construct critical infrastructure such as buildings, bridges, roads, and transportation systems. These structures are the backbone of societies, facilitating economic growth, connectivity, and improved quality of life. Problem Solving: Engineers are problem solvers, using scientific and mathematical principles to analyze complex challenges and develop practical solutions. Their expertise is essential in finding sustainable and efficient ways to tackle global issues like climate change, pollution, and resource scarcity. Economic Growth: Engineering contributes to economic growth by fostering innovation, creating job opportunities, and driving productivity. It supports industries and entrepreneurship, leading to the development of new businesses and the generation of wealth. Safety and Sustainability: Engineers play a critical role in ensuring the safety and sustainability of our built environment. They develop and implement measures to mitigate risks, protect the environment, and promote sustainable practices in areas such as waste management, renewable energy, and urban planning. Global Challenges: Engineering is instrumental in addressing global challenges such as climate change, water scarcity, and healthcare accessibility. Through sustainable engineering practices, efficient resource management, and the development of resilient infrastructure, engineers contribute to a more sustainable and inclusive future.

1. The word "engineer" is derived from the Latin word "ingeniator," which means "clever contriver" or "deviser of engines." 2. The Great Wall of China, one of the most iconic engineering marvels, spans over 13,000 miles (21,196 kilometers) and took centuries to build. 3. The world's tallest man-made structure, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, stands at a height of 2,717 feet (828 meters) and required the expertise of thousands of engineers. 4. The Panama Canal, an engineering feat completed in 1914, shortened the sea journey between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by approximately 8,000 nautical miles. 5. The Hoover Dam, located on the border of Nevada and Arizona in the United States, generates enough electricity to serve over 1.3 million people and provides water to millions of acres of farmland. 6. According to the American Society for Engineering Education, the number of engineering bachelor's degrees awarded in the United States has been steadily increasing, with over 114,000 degrees awarded in the 2019-2020 academic year.

Engineering is a topic of utmost importance to explore and discuss in an essay due to its profound impact on society and the world we live in. This field plays a crucial role in shaping our infrastructure, technology, and quality of life. By studying engineering, we gain insights into the innovative solutions that engineers develop to address complex challenges and improve various aspects of our lives. An essay on engineering allows us to delve into the diverse branches of engineering, such as civil, mechanical, electrical, and biomedical, highlighting their unique contributions to society. It enables us to explore the fascinating history of engineering, from ancient marvels to modern advancements, showcasing humanity's quest for progress and innovation. Moreover, engineering is intricately linked to key global issues, including sustainability, renewable energy, transportation, healthcare, and urban development. By examining these topics in an essay, we can explore the ways engineers contribute to finding sustainable solutions, mitigating environmental impact, and creating a better future for all.

1. Bucciarelli, L. L. (1994). Engineering philosophy. Springer. 2. Budynas, R. G., & Nisbett, J. K. (2016). Shigley's mechanical engineering design (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. 3. Dowling, N. E., & Carew, A. L. (2015). Engineering your future: A comprehensive introduction to engineering (9th ed.). Oxford University Press. 4. Gere, J. M., & Goodno, B. J. (2017). Mechanics of materials (9th ed.). Cengage Learning. 5. Helsel, S. C., & Helsel, J. L. (2012). Engineering ethics: Concepts and cases. Cengage Learning. 6. Hillier, F. S., Lieberman, G. J., & Lieberman, M. A. (2013). Introduction to operations research (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. 7. Kutz, M. (Ed.). (2016). Mechanical engineers' handbook: Materials and engineering mechanics (4th ed.). Wiley. 8. Moran, M. J., Shapiro, H. N., Boettner, D. D., & Bailey, M. B. (2010). Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics (7th ed.). Wiley. 9. O'Brien, J. A., & Marakas, G. M. (2010). Management information systems (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. 10. Shigley, J. E., & Budynas, R. G. (2014). Mechanical engineering design (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

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How to Write a Great Engineering School Personal Statement

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You have spent months researching and identifying the best engineering schools, studying for and completing the SATs, GRE, or other standardized tests, and filling out tedious college applications. You are on the verge of burnout when it hits you: you have to write a personal statement.

How important is it to write a great personal statement? Ask the admissions committee, and they’ll tell you that writing a personal statement is like applying for a job. Stephen J Aguilar, an assistant professor of education at USC, reported in 2020 to Inside Higher Ed that a personal statement should be less revealing and more persuasive. At its core, the personal statement needs to answer these two questions:

  • Why are you applying here?
  • How do your interests and experiences align with the program or the faculty you’ve identified?

However, the importance of reading and understanding the question prompts cannot be overstated. For example, the University of Iowa College of Engineering, which places 97 percent of its undergraduates in jobs post-graduation and currently has 284 master’s and doctoral students, goes one step further to differentiate personal statements from statements of purpose .

This institution wants to know in the statement of purpose , “Why is this program a good fit for you?” By contrast, the personal statement elicits answers to the question: “Who are you?” and allows applicants to explain themselves to admissions committees regarding academic achievements and life events that have shaped them and will positively influence the campus community.

That said, a personal statement is not just an essay. It has to be intelligent, engaging, typo-free, and capable of convincing admissions reviewers that you are a better fit for their program. Fret not. With lots of research and preparation, you can submit a college essay that reflects your passion and capabilities.

Read on to learn the what, the why, and the how-to of writing great personal statements to gain admission into engineering school.

How Is a Personal Statement Evaluated?

The title "personal statement" is generally synonymous with college essays. However, some admissions professionals use it to refer more specifically to written statements that explore applicants’ program readiness and intentions if admitted. The purpose of these statements for engineering school applicants is three-fold.

First, colleges want to know that they can write well, and not just from a technical perspective. Of course, grammar matters, but perhaps more important is the ability to communicate ideas.

Second, engineering schools want to know who a student is—the nuggets that are not conveyed through a conventional application or school transcripts. This is the written equivalent of the interview question “tell us about yourself” and is the applicant’s chance to share who they are, what they want to do, and how gaining admission to this program will be mutually beneficial.

Finally, colleges want to ensure applicants are familiar with and committed to the program. The best personal statements fulfill these goals, often in 700 words or less.

Does this sound like a tall order? Here are some tips for getting it right.

Six Tips for Writing a Stellar Engineering School Personal Statement

1. Do the research

It may sound simplistic, but one of the most important (and often overlooked) steps toward getting into the right school is taking the time to research a prospective engineering program, review its admissions policies and—this cannot be overstated—read and reread its application essay prompt. Candidates who don’t sufficiently answer an institution’s question or convey some misunderstanding about the prompt or its expectations are unlikely to be admitted.

Prospective students completing the Common Application should take the time to contact each engineering school they are applying to inquire about additional admissions requirements. The Princeton Review emphasizes that a personal statement should not repeat a previously discussed part of your application, nor should its information contradict another part.

2. Go deep, not broad

Personal statement prompts tend to be targeted. Engineering schools want to know what specific qualities or experiences make each student a good fit for their programs. Common inquiries include recalling a time you solved a problem, explaining why you applied, describing your academic goals and intentions, and addressing any extenuating circumstances that might have impacted your school record. Rather than offering a broad synopsis of your life, choose the experience or intent most relevant to the question and explore it in depth.

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduate School offers advice for writing an in-depth personal statement for engineering schools using the “qualified match” approach. The steps include:

  • Make a statement that fits the essay prompt, like “I am a dedicated and hard-working student.”
  • Quantify your statement with specific details about your life. You might, for example, discuss how many hours per week you spend on school work and how you overcome any obstacles to committing that time.
  • Interpret how those details make you a stronger applicant. To continue with the above example, that might include writing about the knowledge you gained during your studies, your time-management skills, your passion for learning, and your commitment to succeed despite challenges.

3. Be relevant

If a personal statement has only one goal, it is to be shown to a review committee that you are the right fit for its school. That’s why applicants to Stanford University’s Institute for Computational & Mathematical Engineering are asked to specify their personal and professional goals in their statement of purpose, as well as discuss their developments and intentions for study and life beyond their doctoral program.

Read the mission statements of each program to get a feel for what they are looking for and keep that in mind as you write. Rather than getting carried away detailing the hours you log volunteering each week, discuss experiences and activities as they relate to your academic and career goals or scientific interests. Also, be sure not to waste valuable ink rehashing information available elsewhere on your application, such as extracurricular activities or your stellar GPA.

4. Avoid gimmicks and cliches

Did you love playing with Legos as a kid? Did those plastic bricks lay the foundation for your drive to be an engineer? If so, the College of Engineering at the University of Washington suggests you are in good company, but not in a good way. Every year, the committee reads personal essays on how Legos were the building blocks of a student's career in engineering.

To stand out, engineering school applicants should avoid using cliches in their statements. Of course, setting yourself apart from other applicants is imperative, but you must do so in a meaningful and unique way. Admissions review panels have seen it all and are unlikely to be moved by creative gimmicks and attention-grabbers that do not get to the heart of what makes you a great candidate.

5. Mind your mechanics

This tip refers more to the mechanics of writing than any scientific drive, though the latter undoubtedly has a place in an engineering school personal statement. Remember when we said one of the goals of college essays is verifying applicants can communicate effectively? Applicants should consider the following elements as they prepare their outline (more on that next):

  • Voice – Is your voice appropriate for the task? Is it too formal or casual? Are you using active language rather than passive and wishy-washy statements? Do you come across as academic?
  • Structure – Do your ideas flow logically and support one main idea? If you are unsure where to start, know that following the reliable five-paragraph essay format is perfectly acceptable: introduction, three supporting paragraphs, and a tidy conclusion.
  • Length – Engineering schools usually have a good reason for requesting personal statements with a specific word count. Those that are too short have too little to say, and those that are too long are likely to repeat the same concepts.
  • Grammar – College students are expected to know and use basic grammar. Edit, edit, and then edit again.
  • Completeness – Have you addressed the admissions essay prompt in full? What about any supplemental school or department-specific requests?

6. Edit, edit, edit

Writing a personal statement may seem like a herculean task, so it is tempting to push it aside when you type that final period and not look back. This is a mistake—and perhaps the biggest one you can make. Sometimes we get so caught up in our thoughts and ideas that we miss lapses in our writing, whether grammatical or contextual. To avoid this:

  • Begin with an outline.
  • Write the first draft.
  • Write a second draft.
  • Read the essay out loud.
  • Review your essay again a day or two later.
  • Ask parents, friends, teachers, and others to read your work.

There is never any excuse for typos, and even the slightest error can turn a committee review member off. Ask a friend or family member to review your essay for grammatical mistakes when in doubt. It may be intimidating, but the process is an excellent way to identify missing words or ideas. What's more, applicants today are blessed with the power of technology. Online tools like Grammarly are free to use and quickly catch any glaring typos.

Starting Your Engineering School Admissions Essay

One of the biggest challenges to writing a stellar college essay is simply getting started in the first place. Personal statements are, by design, personal, and that can be intimidating. Applicants also put significant pressure on themselves to write the perfect essay.

Fortunately, many colleges try to ease the burden by providing tips online. Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab offers examples of successful personal statements. Some engineering schools even post examples of successful personal statements, including MIT , Johns Hopkins University , and Cornell University . While your essay should be wholly original, these resources can guide you through creating a unique and inspirational narrative to impress admissions committees.

Aimee Hosler

Aimee Hosler is a long-time journalist specializing in education and technology. She is an advocate for experiential learning among all ages and serves as the director of communications for a non-profit community makerspace. She holds a degree in journalism from California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo.


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How to Write an Engineering Essay

An overview on how to write an engineering essay.

Although engineering is termed as a challenging field, writing engineering essays could be fun and rewarding. Engineering essays usually take a different format from the essays in the social science fields.

Besides understanding the different requisites on  how to write an essay , the writer is sometimes required to demonstrate competency in pure and physical science key study areas like methods, materials, and results.

Structure of an Engineering Essay

Structure guidelines on how to write an engineering essay could vary quite widely. Usually, such a structure is likely to change based on the required formality levels. A less formal essay could assume the ordinary structure of an essay.

On the other hand, which is usually the case, more formal engineering essays should encompass parts such as abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussions, and conclusion.    

a) Abstract : It entails a brief summary of the essay’s contents and is critical in giving the reader a concise preview image of the whole work.

b) Introduction : The introduction part normally resembles that of an ordinary essay. In this, it seeks to arouse and capture the interest of the reader. It should contain information about the essay’s background. Such a background should highlight the motivation behind the engineering essay topic.

This should encompass information gathered on the history or nature of the issue being addressed and the objective of the essay in relation to the issue under study. Usually, it should have a thesis statement that clearly highlights the argument being advanced in the essay.   

c) Materials and Methods : This encompasses all the steps followed when solving the problem provided in the essay question. Methods used and the path followed in realizing the engineering essay objective(s) should be well stipulated and explained, and justification on their choice made.

The steps followed should be effectively provided for in a sequential and logical manner. For engineering essays on experiments, the equipment and methods employed should be discussed under this section. The discussion should be detailed enough to facilitate for the reproduction of the experiment if need be.

Such details include information on problem modelling, experiment assumptions, material property considerations, and entailed boundary conditions. Notably, methods and techniques employed in handling statistical data should also be described in this section.

d) Results : This section involves a clear depiction of the results realized from the steps followed in the methods section. It should incorporate tables and graphs. Per se, graphical information is considered the most appropriate method of presenting data and results in technical essays in fields such as engineering.

It is important to ensure that any type of pertinent data in the essay is in the form of tables and graphs. The graphically presented information is critical in creating a positive impression about your organization, understanding of the engineering field, and possession of key skills essential in engineering.

Importantly, ensure that all the tables and graphs should be well labelled, with relevant units and scales being clearly put down.

e) Discussions : this is a critical part of an engineering essay. It highlights the intention of the engineering essay by explaining the results acquired in the study. In particular, this part seeks to reconcile the objective of the study and the results obtained. Findings are elaborated in this section.

Any type of differences encountered in the essay research/experiment should as well be clearly documented in this section. The results can also be expounded to create a bigger picture or suggest the need for further studies.

This can be realized by exploring previous studies in relation to your engineering essay results. You can also suggest areas that might require further exploration in the future.

f) Conclusion : This part is meant to summarize the whole essay and the entailed study. It should cover all the relevant points in the essay. It should as well reconcile the engineering essay results with the essay thesis.

Key Elements of an Engineering Essay

The essay must also exhibit the all the basic elements of a good essay. Such elements include thesis, purpose, solid background, evidence, and coherence. These elements could vary from those of ordinary essays and should therefore be modified to suit the requirements of pure and physical science fields and essay instructions.  

a)  Thesis.  This is an essential element in all engineering essays. It should give the reader a specific direction of the entire essay. To realize this, the thesis should clearly stipulate the essay’s major argument(s). It should be brief and concise.

b)  Purpose.  The purpose of an engineering essay looks at what the essay seeks to explore and realize. This is important in helping compare the essay’s intentions and the acquired results. Per se, the reader should be able to understand the relationship between produced evidence and the key argument(s).

It should be possible to see how such evidence supported the argument(s). The purpose should be clear from the beginning.

c)  Solid Background.  A solid background entails the theoretical foundations the essay is basing its argument(s) on. This is quite critical in engineering essays since they are scholarly in nature. All the bodies of knowledge that guide and influence the essay’s research should be well documented.

d)  Evidence.  For essays in the biophysical fields, evidence is paramount. Arguments in an engineering essay should be supported by credible evidence. Further, the results must be derived from studies conducted within the expected parameters.

e)  Coherence.  Although sometimes overlooked, an engineering essay must clearly communicate ideas defining its study. All the information included in the essay must be purposeful and logically organized. This is essential in ensuring a free flow of thought throughout the essay.  

Prompt Engineering with ChatGPT: A Guide for Academic Writers

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  • Published: 07 June 2023
  • Volume 51 , pages 2629–2633, ( 2023 )

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Prompt engineering is a relatively new discipline that refers to the practice of developing and optimizing prompts to effectively utilize large language models, particularly in natural language processing tasks. However, not many writers and researchers are familiar about this discipline. Hence, in this paper, I aim to highlight the significance of prompt engineering for academic writers and researchers, particularly the fledgling, in the rapidly evolving world of artificial intelligence. I also discuss the concepts of prompt engineering, large language models, and the techniques and pitfalls of writing prompts. Here, I contend that by acquiring prompt engineering skills, academic writers can navigate the changing landscape and leverage large language models to enhance their writing process. As artificial intelligence continues to advance and penetrate the arena of academic writing, prompt engineering equips writers and researchers with the essential skills to effectively harness the power of language models. This enables them to confidently explore new opportunities, enhance their writing endeavors, and remain at the forefront of utilizing cutting-edge technologies in their academic pursuits.

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Gero, K. I., V. Liu, and L. Chilton. Sparks: Inspiration for science writing using language models. In: Designing interactive systems conference, edited by F. Mueller, S. Greuter, R. A. Khot, P. Sweetser, and M. Obrist. Pennsylvania: ACM, 2022, pp. 1002–1019.

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White J, Fu Q, Hays S, Sandborn M, Olea C, Gilbert H, Elnashar A, Spencer-Smith J, Schmidt DC. A prompt pattern catalog to enhance prompt engineering with ChatGPT. 2023. arXiv:2302.11382 .

Kasneci E., Seßler K., Küchemann S, Bannert M., Dementieva D., Fischer F.,...Kasneci G. ChatGPT for good? On opportunities and challenges of large language models for education. Learn Indv Dif. 2023; 103:102274.

Mollman S. ChatGPT gained 1 million users in under a week. Here’s why the AI chatbot is primed to disrupt search as we know it. 2022. https://finance.yahoo.com/news/chatgpt-gained-1-million-followers-224523258.html

DAIR.AI. Elements of a prompt. 2023. https://www.promptingguide.ai/introduction/elements

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The author acknowledges the help of ChatGPT in terms of refining, editing, and augmenting the manuscript.

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Giray, L. Prompt Engineering with ChatGPT: A Guide for Academic Writers. Ann Biomed Eng 51 , 2629–2633 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-023-03272-4

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How to Write an Engineering Essay: A Comprehensive Guide for Students

Writing an engineering essay can be a daunting task for students. It requires a comprehensive understanding of the subject and the ability to apply knowledge in a logical and organized manner. This guide provides students with the necessary information to write an effective essay, including tips on structure, topics, and more. It will help students to understand the importance of research and how to use evidence to support their arguments. With this guide, students can confidently write an engineering essay that stands out from the crowd. If you are a bit out of money and time to complete your essay writing use the cheapest essay writing service https://ewritingservice.com/essay-writing-services/original.html or  Essaysforme .

Tips For Making Your Engineering Essay Stand Out

Writing an effective essay is not easy. It can be a lot of work and time to write one, especially when you are writing for a high school or college application.

There are various things that you can do to make your essay stand out from the rest. Here are some tips for making your engineering essay stand out:

  • Be creative with your ideas and approach;
  • Use interesting words that will catch the eye of the reader;
  • Keep it short and sweet;
  • Proofread your essay before submitting it;
  • Don’t be afraid to ask questions, as the answers you receive will help you to make informed decisions and better understand the topic at hand.

Choosing the Right Topic for Your Engineering Essay

Writing an essay is a great way to explore the different branches of engineering and understand the complexities of each one. Choosing the right topic for your essay can be challenging, as there are many interesting topics to choose from in electrical and electronics engineering, civil and mechanical engineering, and other related fields.

In this article, we will be looking at some of the most interesting engineering topics that you can use for your essay. We will also be discussing how you can choose the right topic based on your interests and expertise in order to make sure that your essay is informative , engaging, and well-written. Depending upon the topic of your essay, you may need to do additional research in order to provide enough material for an engaging piece of writing. Other sources will provide information about the topic that can be used as a basis for this type of research.

Researching for Your Engineering Essay

Writing an engineering essay requires careful research and analysis. It is important to use reliable sources of information when researching for your engineering essay. To ensure that your research is accurate and up-to-date, it is essential to utilize different types of research methods, such as library resources, online databases, and interviews.

In addition to traditional research methods, there are also a variety of reputable online sources available for researching an engineering essay. These include industry journals, websites of professional organizations, and government publications. By using these sources in combination with the above-mentioned methods, you can be sure that your engineering essay is well-researched and accurate. But don’t just rely on sources you find using the above methods. In order to find the most reliable and up-to-date information, you should also look for your own sources. These could be former teachers or professors, family members, friends who are close to engineers or have attended engineering schools, etc.

Organizing Your Ideas For An Exceptional Engineering Essay

Writing an essay can be a daunting task. It requires a lot of research, analysis, and organization of ideas. But with the right brainstorming techniques and organizational skills, you can write an exceptional engineering essay that will impress your professors and peers.

Here we’ll discuss some effective ways to organize your ideas for an engineering essay. We’ll go over how to brainstorm effectively and use the right techniques to organize your thoughts into a cohesive argument. We’ll also discuss how to use examples from real-world experiences to make your essay stand out from the rest. Finally, we’ll cover some tips on how to edit and proofread your work for maximum impact. With these strategies in hand, you’re sure to create an exceptional engineering essay that will get noticed!

Engineering students often struggle to stand out in the eyes of admission officers when it comes to writing essays. However, with the help of an AI-powered essay writing assistant, engineering students can create an exceptional essay that will be sure to get noticed. These tools can help craft copy that is both interesting and accurate, ensuring that your essay stands out from the crowd.

Writing & Editing Your Engineering Essay

Writing an engineering essay can be a daunting task, especially if you’re not sure where to start. But with the right tips and techniques, you can craft an impressive engineering essay that will help you stand out from the crowd. Here are some useful tips on writing cheap custom engineering essays that will help you get started and make your essay stand out.

From understanding the topic and researching extensively to outlining your ideas and editing your work, these tips will help you write a compelling engineering essay. With these tips in mind, you’ll be able to craft an impressive piece of writing that showcases your knowledge and skills in the field of engineering. Share your expertise. The final tip is to share your expertise by writing an opinion article. This can be tough because you want to maintain your integrity and avoid sounding like a paid advertisement, but in order to make your point, it’s necessary for you to shine a light on the topic. You can do this with research and testimonials from other professionals in the field.

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2021 Writing Contest: A Salute to Engineering

The 2021 EngineerGirl Writing Contest invited students to submit a piece of writing that salutes engineering’s role in meeting and defeating the challenges presented by COVID-19.

2021 writing contest winners

Read all the winning entries!

The COVID-19 pandemic profoundly changed how we work, learn, and play. Making these changes were – and continue to be – an immense challenge.

Fortunately, this is the kind of challenge that engineers are made for.

Since COVID-19 began raging across the globe, engineers have been working with public health officials, medical workers, business owners, and research scientists to implement solutions to problems posed by the pandemic. They have contributed essential insights and expertise to address issues like:

  • protecting essential workers in different environments
  • helping people work from home
  • retooling factories to make medical or protective equipment
  • mass producing and distributing medicines and vaccines
  • maintaining supply chains when businesses are closed
  • making schools safer for students and their families
  • helping people stay connected

To Enter the Contest

You should submit a piece of writing that salutes engineering’s role in meeting and defeating the challenges presented by COVID-19. Your submission must also follow the specific guidelines and limits for your competition category – based on your grade level.

Elementary School (grades 3-5)

Write a letter to the editor of a local paper or community website that pays tribute to the contributions of engineers responding to the pandemic. You may include an original artwork or graphic along with your letter.   Limit: 600 words .

Middle School (grades 6-8)

Write a news story or blog post that illustrates the contribution of engineers in responding to the pandemic. You may include one original image or graphic and up to five references in an annotated bibliography that will help support your story. Limit: 650 words .

High School (grades 9-12)

Write an essay that examines the vital contribution of engineers in responding to the pandemic. You must include at least 3, but no more than 10 references in an annotated bibliography to support your essay. You may also include one image or graphic that will help the reader understand your ideas.   Limit: 700 words .

More tips on how to write a winning entry can be found in the complete rules & regulations.

Be sure to read the full Rules & Requirements Read Online   | Download PDF

February 1

Entries can be submitted via the Online Submission Form *

By february 1, 2021 at 11:59pm est..

* Those with unreliable or slow internet connections may request a fill-in PDF Form that can be completed offline and submitted via email.  These forms must also be received via email prior to the deadline above.

This competition is made possible by the generous support of our contest sponsors:

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Other Important information:

Submissions will be judged by a slate of volunteers that include professionals from various engineering fields. In addition to checking that submissions meet all of the basic rules, they will be looking for:

  • Presentation of engineering (40 points)
  • Examples of engineering (25 points)
  • Celebration of diversity (20 points)
  • Quality of writing (15 points)

You can download the scorecard that the judges will be using for reference.

More Information

Winners in each grade category will receive the prizes listed below:

First-place winners will be awarded  $500 . Second-place entries will be awarded  $250. Third-place entries will be awarded  $100.

Winning entries, along with honorable mention entries, will be published on the EngineerGirl website.

Be sure to read the full Rules & Requirements Read Online | Download PDF




  • Engineering essays

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1. Introduction Prototype is an important part in the product development process. According to [1], a prototype is an approximation of a product or components in some form for a definite purpose in its implementation. The process of realising prototypes is called as prototyping. The prototyping process can be in the form of execution of … Read more

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ABSTRACT VANET have turn into an vigorous area of research and development for the reason that it has marvelous feasible to get better vehicle and road protection and traffic efficiency as glowing as ease to transportation. Currently hard work has positioned a physically powerful importance on narrative VANET plan in implementations. The fast boost of … Read more

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In the year of 1984 the American Charles Hull invented the first 3D printer based on a vat photopolymerization technique called ‘stereolithography’ and thereafter he founded the 3D Systems. (24) Since then 3D printing has become one of the fastest growing technologies. Back in time this technology was very expensive. Year after year, 3D printing … Read more

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Introduction: A wise man once said “Recently in my physics class my imagination caught fire.” As far back as I can remember I have always been intrigued and captivated by motion. Whether I was playing with toy cars or riding my bike, I was always interested in why and how things moved and also why … Read more

Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance project

Abstract Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) is an optical phenomenon of the interaction of free electron with electromagnetic field of light at the metal nanoparticles surface. The LSPR is very sensitive to the dielectric surrounding medium, hence its widely used for sensing application. The development of plasmonic sensor has been developed for toxic detection in … Read more

Quality assurance for fabrics and garments

1.0 Introduction These quality assurance regulations have been put in place to ensure customers get quality products. Quality is of prime importance in any aspect of business. Customers demand and expect value for money. As producers of apparel there must be a constant endeavour to produce work of good quality in order to maximise the … Read more

Modelling and control of HVDC links

Abstract Alternating current (AC) had been the viable and typical choice of media for electrical power transmission to homes and businesses for a century. However, high voltage alternating current (HVAC) transmission proved to have its constraints such as its inability to directly connect two AC power networks operating at different frequencies. The limitations of HVAC … Read more

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Abstract – The aim of this scenario was to build an Electromyography (EMG) sensor capable of measuring muscle activity, and demonstrating muscle movement and strength through motion, audio and visual outputs. This report introduces the theory behind the EMG sensor, describes the methodologies applied throughout this scenario, presents the results from the work and summarises … Read more

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction In this chapter, it will discuss the project background and the problem statement of the project. it will also be included the objectives of the project and the scope or limitation faces for the project. 1.2 Project Background The focus of this project is mainly on the automotive visualization display … Read more

Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage in Alberta Oil Sands

Executive Summary The purpose of this report is to rapidly familiarize the reader with the use of steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) in the extraction of hydrocarbons from Alberta’s extensive oil sand formations. To that end, it introduces both the Athabasca oil sands and describes the relevance of SAGD to the feasibility of exploiting them. Next, … Read more

Self-healing bacterial concrete

Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Problem summary and Introduction Cracking is a regular complain in the concrete industry. Cracking occur due to combination of factors. Such as drying shrinkage, thermal contraction, restraint to shortening, sub grade settlement, and applied loads. Cracking can’t be prevented but it can be significantly reduced or controlled when the causes are taken … Read more

Development of Bond Layer and Coating Techniques in Thermal Barrier Coating

Introduction Recently used turbines for power generation and aero-jet aircraft engines applications experience incessant efforts towards increasing the thermal efficiency [1]. Greater efficiency and higher output inescapably need to increase the turbine operating temperature, which needs novel methods to overcome the restraints of hot sections materials [2]. Early, before 25 years ago, the increase in … Read more

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Plasma nitriding

1.1 Background Plasma nitriding is one of the surface hardness processes whereby a surface of a material is shot by plasma. Since plasma nitriding is a process, it requires a machine to be able to execute this process. Therefore, introducing the plasma focus device as also known as plasma gun. The plasma focus device (plasma … Read more

Processing and Applications of PH Stainless Steels

Introduction There has always been a need for stronger, harder, more corrosion resistant and generally more versatile metal alloys. The properties, described above are in high demand in nuclear, aerospace, food processing, chemical and metalworking industries [1]. Some examples of specific demands and application requirements for these industries include the making of critical peripheral structural … Read more

How to write an engineering essay

A lot of students, when given the task of writing an engineering essay, make a lot of mistakes when writing their paper. When writing an engineering essay, it is recommended that you conduct a plan for your essay, and not just begin by typing your name, the essay title, and anything related to the topic that comes into your mind.

Planning your essay will enable you to write a paper, which has points and ideas that flow coherently. This guide will provide you with important tips on how you can write a high quality-engineering essay by directing you on how to plan, structure the paper, and write your points and ideas coherently.

The decision to write an engineering essay could be because the essay is part of your courses continuous assessment, application requirement, personal writing on trending topics, or a publication article in a periodical or newspaper column.

The objective of your engineering essay should be decided before starting the paper. The objective is the main information, which you want the reader to know using the essay. Remain focused to your objective and the reader from the start of your essay to the end. Structuring your engineering essay well will assist you in keeping the audience and the objective in mind in your essay. An engineering essay has the same writing structure as scientific writing. The following will help you understand  how to write an engineering essay  and how to structure it:

Provides the summary of what will be discussed in the essay. It is important that you structure it well because it is from this section that a reader will decide to continue reading the essay or stop. When writing your abstract, summarize the objective of your essay including examples supporting your argument, methods used to collect data used in the paper, research findings, and conclusions containing implications of the results.


An introduction provides you with a chance to instill interest in your essay topic. This is the best area to provide background information about your topic to enable the reader to understand the reason that prompted you to write the essay. An introduction of a journal essay will provide a review of current literature to define transition or difference in knowledge. When writing this section of the essay, ensure that you refer to previous works by other writers, and include reference of the sources. It is important that you avoid plagiarism because it is a serious offence.

Material and Methods

Learning how to write an engineering essay is not just about writing the essay itself. It also involves explaining where you got information from. The methods and steps used to solve the objective of the essay are discussed in this section of the essay. However, this section does not include any results. Ensure that you provide a brief description of methods used and a justification of the steps that you followed when writing the essay. This is the section where you describe the statistical or analysis techniques you used when providing interpretation of research findings. In case your essay has findings from an experiment, this is the right place to describe the methods and equipment you used to the reader. The description should contain enough details that can enable the reader to reproduce the experiments in another laboratory. For example, in a stress analysis problem, your description should include the steps you took in modeling the problem, simplifications and assumptions made during the experiment, boundary conditions, and considerations for the material used.

When presenting your research or experiment findings, utilise graphs or images to support your findings. Label all images and graphs used to present findings by including scales and units. A detailed caption when presenting findings in an engineering essay is important because it helps a reader who is not familiar with how findings are presented to understand them.

This section should focus on the reader by taking him back to the essay’s objective, and provide a description of the results in addition to showing how they relate to the topic of the essay. This is the section where you discuss the findings and anomalies encountered during your research. When writing the engineering essay, you need to relate these findings to previous research, and show how it relates to the discussion and topic of the essay.

Every essay must contain a conclusion paragraph. It summarizes what has been discussed in the essay. A conclusion can be in bullet points providing the recommendations of the problems discussed.

Referencing or Bibliography Section

After completing the essay, you need to include a list of all the references used in the essay. There are various referencing styles, which include APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian and Harvard. The following is an example of writing a reference or bibliography in various styles:

  • APA: Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2008). Writing at university: A guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • MLA: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. Writing at University: A Guide for Students. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2008. Internet resource.
  • Chicago: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. 2008. Writing at university a guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • Turabian: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. Writing at University A Guide for Students. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2008.
  • Harvard: CREME, P., & LEA, M. R. (2008). Writing at university a guide for students. Buckingham, Open University Press.

After you have finished writing your engineering essay, read your work to correct any grammar or spellings mistakes in the paper. This is important because poor grammar or spellings mistakes can make you lose many marks in your essay. In summary, when writing an engineering essay, make sure you plan your essay before starting it. After you have completed your essay outline, identify the objective of the essay and target audience. Make sure that you avoid plagiarism by including references on all sources used in the essay. Finally proofread your essay before submitting it.

Did you learn a lot from reading our free ‘how to write an engineering essay’ guide?

There are more engineering essays in our engineering essay repository .

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  • 14 February 2024

Calling all engineers: Nature wants to publish your research

You have full access to this article via your institution.

Wind power turbines under Velebit mountain view, Alkaline pool from abandoned factory, Dalmatia region of Croatia.

This year’s Queen Elizabeth Prize recognized a 40-year partnership between two researchers that has led to an increase in the size of modern wind turbines and the scale of their use. Credit: Alamy

Last month, materials scientist Matic Jovičević-Klug and his colleagues reported how ‘red mud’, an iron oxide waste product generated during aluminium manufacturing, can be repurposed for ‘green’ steelmaking . Their findings 1 have the potential to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from steelmaking by using a circular-economy approach.

Had an article reported the implementation of this same process on a larger, even industrial scale, many readers might have been surprised to see it in Nature .

Well, we want to change this perception.

engineering in essay writing

Iron extracted from hazardous waste of aluminium production

We want the world of engineering to know that its research, whether as a proof of concept or at the implementation stage, will be considered by Nature ’s editors and reviewers, as it is already by colleagues at other Nature Portfolio journals. The most recent of these, Nature Chemical Engineering and Nature Reviews Electrical Engineering , were launched in January.

We are proud to have already included some notable examples in Nature ’s pages. On 31 January, for example, Zhixun Wang at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and his colleagues described a method to produce flexible semiconductor fibres without defects or cracks that could be used in wearable devices 2 . One advantage of this technology, write Xiaoting Jia and Alex Parrott in an accompanying News and Views article 3 , is its industrial readiness, because the semiconductor fibres can be woven into fabrics using existing methods.

So why emphasize our willingness to consider more such studies now? Last summer, Nature published a series of editorials on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world’s plan to end poverty and achieve environmental sustainability. The plan isn’t going well — most of the goals and associated targets will not be met by the United Nations’ self-imposed 2030 deadline.

Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals

The series brought home the realization that SDG-related research is not yet a priority for many researchers , especially for those in high-income countries, compared with their colleagues in low- and middle-income countries. Partly in response, more than 40 Nature Portfolio journals put out a collective call for papers on topics relevant to the SDGs as part of a drive to get researchers thinking about how their work might move the world closer to meeting the goals.

In this context, studies that show how discoveries and inventions can be applied in real-world settings, including by testing and evaluating products and processes on large scales, are often highly relevant to the Nature Portfolio journals. Nature ’s publishing criteria require that papers report original research that is of outstanding scientific importance. The journal also expects that a study reaches “a conclusion of interest to an interdisciplinary readership”. Our message is loud and clear — that readership includes engineers, as well as scientists from all disciplines.

Back to the future

By putting out this call for more engineering research, we are restoring a connection with engineers and the field of engineering that is rooted deep in Nature ’s history. In Nature ’s first issue, published on 4 November 1869, readers will find a discussion on the likelihood of silting in the Suez Canal 4 , one of the largest engineering projects of the nineteenth century. The canal was a hot news topic, because it was due to open two weeks later, on 17 November. There was much public debate, and a degree of anxiety about such geoengineering feats. A correspondent to Nature , Thomas Login, had worked on the 437-kilometre Ganges Canal, which had opened 15 years earlier to connect the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in India. The Ganges Canal’s waterways were intended to irrigate massive stretches of farmland, thereby reducing the risk of famine in a region where people had previously experienced hunger when the rains failed. I have no doubt there are many who will say the Suez Canal “is a total failure”, Login wrote. He was confident that the canal would succeed.

This is not an isolated or rare example. Subsequent editions of Nature include engineering conversations and critiques. The journal also published regular reports of meetings of professional engineering societies — just as those of other scientific societies were discussed.

The late nineteenth century was an age of ambitious, and controversial, imperial-era projects. It was also a time when scientists and engineers wanted to read about each other’s work in the same journal. As editors and publishers, we accept our share of responsibility for how things have turned out. Our responsibility now is to renew this connection.

Creating by collaborating

We want to recognize engineering in other ways, too. By highlighting the profession’s approach to collaboration, for example. Last week, the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, equivalent in recognition to the Nobel prizes, was awarded to two engineering researchers for their contributions to the field of modern wind-turbine technology. Unlike recipients of some of the more well-known science prizes, Andrew Garrad and Henrik Stiesdal were not rewarded for a single landmark achievement, but for their 40-year partnership in designing, testing and improving wind turbines that are now built on an industrial scale around the world. The prize recognizes decades of painstaking, sometimes incremental, and, yes, collaborative achievements.

Their work also brought together researchers from other fields, such as mathematics, fluid physics, electronics and materials science. Such an approach to problem-solving needs to become the norm if the world is to succeed in addressing global challenges, Stiesdal, a former chief technology officer at Siemens Wind Power, told Nature . We wholeheartedly agree.

Engineering and science are like two ships that have set sail close together, but in many ways have gradually drifted apart. We can’t let that continue. Having engineers back in Nature ’s pages is long overdue, not least for the health of our planet and the well-being of all people.

Nature 626 , 455-456 (2024)

doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-024-00390-4

Jovičević-Klug, M., Souza Filho, I. R., Springer, H., Adam, C. & Raabe, D. Nature 625 , 703–709 (2024).

Article   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Wang, Z. et al. Nature 626 , 72–78 (2024).

Jia, X. & Parrott, A. Nature 626 , 38–39 (2024).

Login, T. Nature 1 , 24 (1869).

Article   Google Scholar  

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How ChatGPT (and other AI chatbots) can help you write an essay

ChatGPT  is capable of doing many different things very well, with one of the biggest standout features being its ability to compose all sorts of text within seconds, including songs, poems, bedtime stories, and essays . 

The chatbot's writing abilities are not only fun to experiment with, but can help provide assistance with everyday tasks. Whether you are a student, a working professional, or just getting stuff done, we constantly take time out of our day to compose emails, texts, posts, and more. ChatGPT can help you claim some of that time back by helping you brainstorm and then compose any text you need. 

How to use ChatGPT to write: Code | Excel formulas | Resumes  | Cover letters  

Contrary to popular belief, ChatGPT can do much more than just write an essay for you from scratch (which would be considered plagiarism). A more useful way to use the chatbot is to have it guide your writing process. 

Below, we show you how to use ChatGPT to do both the writing and assisting, as well as some other helpful writing tips. 

How ChatGPT can help you write an essay

If you are looking to use ChatGPT to support or replace your writing, here are five different techniques to explore. 

It is also worth noting before you get started that other AI chatbots can output the same results as ChatGPT or are even better, depending on your needs.

Also: The best AI chatbots of 2024: ChatGPT and alternatives

For example,  Copilot  has access to the internet, and as a result, it can source its answers from recent information and current events. Copilot also includes footnotes linking back to the original source for all of its responses, making the chatbot a more valuable tool if you're writing a paper on a more recent event, or if you want to verify your sources.

Regardless of which AI chatbot you pick, you can use the tips below to get the most out of your prompts and from AI assistance.

  • How to use ChatGPT to write Excel formulas
  • How to use ChatGPT to write code
  • ChatGPT vs. Bing Chat: Which AI chatbot should you use?
  • How to use ChatGPT to build your resume
  • How does ChatGPT work?
  • How to get started using ChatGPT

How ChatGPT (and other AI chatbots) can help you write an essay


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    Purdue OWL Subject-Specific Writing Writing in Engineering Writing in Engineering Writing in Engineering These OWL resources will help you write in a wide range of engineering fields, such as civil and computer engineering.

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    While Sandel argues that pursuing perfection through genetic engineering would decrease our sense of humility, he claims that the sense of solidarity we would lose is also ... If you are used to writing essays that are similar to the five-paragraph essay (one claim and then three points that support that claim), it can be daunting to think ...

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    Engineering Annotated example The first year Engineering essay on the following pages was written in response to the question: "Today's engineers face the same challenges as those of previous generations." Do you agree? If so why? If not, why not? OUTLINE Introduction Stated as aims of essay. Orientation

  4. A Comprehensive Guide on How to Write an Engineering Essay

    Writing an Essay on Engineering as Required by Your Instructor After considering the audience, purpose, and topics of the paper, it is useful to start with the general outline of an essay. Ignoring this stage of writing is an unforgiving mistake that many fledgling writers do because of the lack of skills or experience.

  5. A Guide to Writing a Senior Thesis in Engineering

    Created by Linsey Moyer Many thanks to Laura Magnotti and Ryan Draft for sharing their senior thesis guide and tips. Much of their wisdom is also contained herein. Why write an A.B. thesis in engineering? Writing a thesis is an opportunity to showcase the skills and knowledge you've acquired during your undergraduate career.

  6. How to write an Engineering Essay

    There are a number of reasons why you may be writing an engineering essay. It may be part of your assessment for a course, an application to a conference, for publication in a journal or just for your own amusement. What are you trying to tell your reader? You should decide on the objective of your writing before you structure your essay.

  7. Technical Writing Standards

    Style and Format. When writing technical documents, engineers rely on style manuals, which provide standards for writing and designing documents. Style manuals ensure consistency in writing and formatting documents written for academic or workplace communications. Academic disciplines, including academic journals, have their own style manuals.

  8. Essays

    In this video, Professor John Preston explains how to approach an engineering essay. He discusses an essay entitled, 'For local bus services, what are the appropriate levels of regulation and the appropriate forms of competition and ownership?

  9. Entry to a Major Essays

    There are three essay portions to the application: "Statement of Purpose," "Outstanding Achievements" and "Additional Information." Although "Outstanding Achievements" and "Additional Information" are optional, it is highly recommended that you complete these essays. This application uses plain text formatting.

  10. PDF Engineering Tripos IIA Essay writing skills

    set (i.e. not simply write down everything you know about a topic) then you should get a II.II mark or higher •It is very rare for an essay question to receive marks above 85% and even a first class essay will often receive a mark in the 70s Markers are generally looking to give you marks for an essay

  11. Essays About Engineering: Top 5 Essay Examples Plus Prompts

    1. Why Engineers Are Becoming Increasingly Important by Christopher McFadden " Now consider a society that is completely free of engineers. What would it look like? It's a hard thing to picture because for as long as humans have existed, engineers (in some fashion) have also existed.

  12. How to Write Cornell's College of Engineering Essay

    How to Approach the Prompt Various Topics to Consider If you are applying to Cornell's College of Engineering, you will be required to respond to the following prompt: How do your interests directly connect with Cornell Engineering? If you have an intended major, what draws you to that department at Cornell Engineering?

  13. 32 Best Topics For An Engineering Essay

    In engineering paper writing, the first and most exasperating obstacle is settling on the topic. At first sight, choosing a paper topic seems to be quite easy. In reality, given the complexity of the discipline, developing a topic for an engineering discipline is a rigorous process.

  14. A Comprehensive Guide on How to Write an Engineering Essay

    This method also makes writing an engineering essay easier because you are reminded of what you are concentrating on at each phase. Steps to Write An Effective Body Paragraphs. Step 1: Writing a Topic Sentence. Step 2: Unpack the Topic Sentence. Step 3: Provide Proof. Step 4: Examine the Proof.

  15. ≡Essays on Engineering

    Essays on Engineering Essay examples Essay topics General Overview 85 essay samples found 1 Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering: The Need for Proper Regulation 1 page / 568 words Introduction Genetic engineering is the process of altering the genetic makeup of an organism by adding, deleting or changing its DNA.

  16. How to Write a Great Engineering School Personal Statement

    Six Tips for Writing a Stellar Engineering School Personal Statement. 1. Do the research. It may sound simplistic, but one of the most important (and often overlooked) steps toward getting into the right school is taking the time to research a prospective engineering program, review its admissions policies and—this cannot be overstated—read ...

  17. How to Write an Engineering Essay ‣ Professional Writing Bay

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    Writing is a vitally important skill to being an engineer. You can have the best ideas and the best solutions, but if you cannot adequately convey them to your audience, you have nothing. As an engineer, I would venture 50-75% of my time is spent writing or speaking about engineering concepts.

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    Prompt engineering is a relatively new discipline that refers to the practice of developing and optimizing prompts to effectively utilize large language models, particularly in natural language processing tasks. However, not many writers and researchers are familiar about this discipline. Hence, in this paper, I aim to highlight the significance of prompt engineering for academic writers and ...

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    The 2024 EngineerGirl Writing Contest asks students to write a piece exploring the lifecycle of an object that you use in your daily life. Learn more about the 2024 EngineerGirl Writing Contest Read the 2023 Writing Contest Winning Essays Every year, EngineerGirl hosts a contest dealing with engineering and its impact on our world.

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    The 2021 EngineerGirl Writing Contest invited students to submit a piece of writing that salutes engineering's role in meeting and defeating the challenges presented by COVID-19. ... Write an essay that examines the vital contribution of engineers in responding to the pandemic. You must include at least 3, but no more than 10 references in an ...

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    Contrary to popular belief, ChatGPT can do much more than just write an essay for you from scratch (which would be considered plagiarism). A more useful way to use the chatbot is to have it guide ...