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There are words in the English language that act like glue to help you stick your sentences together and show the relationships between the ideas that you want to express. These words are called 'connectives' (or 'linking words'). Connectives help your essay 'flow' and read more coherently. More specifically, connectives help you:
Are you in the process of proof-reading your essay? See if you can add a few of these words, especially at the beginnings of sentences.
This section is all about aconnetcives and linking phrases.
Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced
There are a number of connectors in the English Language that can be used to help you show contrast, similarity, outcome, result, sequence and order or relevance or importance, exemplification, emphasis, explanation, dismissal, summarising or concluding, particularising, focusing, timing, and correction.
Connectors are especially useful when it comes to your IELTS writing exam and the Speaking exam.
Below is a list of all the connectors in the English language categorized by what they are used for.
There are also examples to help you see how they are applied.
In his budget the Minister of Finance increased spending on higher education, he likewise improved spending on social development.
Religious doctrine is used to teach people right from wrong in the same way as fables were used to teach simple human truths.
Italian painters are renowned for their innovative works. The Greeks are similarly known for their philosophies.
Employees of any large organisation expect fair treatment. They also expect to earn a fair wage.
The cost of living in large cities is higher than in the country but the salaries are correspondingly higher.
Most governments simultaneously tackle crime and unemployment as they are seen as two sides of the same coin.
Many countries express the view that climate change must be halted. In the same breath they throw suspicion on the whole global warming issue.
Most governments believe in the importance of education. They are, therefore, willing to invest large amounts of money in improving the quality of the education.
The nuclear disaster at Fukushima was worse than the scientists had anticipated. As a consequence the Japanese government has changed the way that nuclear power plants are built.
The local council received additional funding for the arts. They were, thus able to renovate the art gallery on the city centre.
It rains quite often in Europe, as a result, most Europeans tend to vacation in sunnier destinations.
The quality of products started to decrease rapidly so the government acted accordingly and started to inspect all incoming goods.
Humans only use on average about 10% of their brains. They are, nonetheless , able to compute huge amounts of data, coming up with ever more innovative ideas.
I really wasn’t feeling very well, I, nevertheless , went to work because I had a presentation to do.
Coastal tourism is on the rise. In contrast , visits to urban areas are declining as people reduce business travel and confine meetings to video conferencing.
The government planned to re-introduce the death penalty. There was, however , a public outcry and they had to halt the legislation.
Today most people are aware of the dangers of smoking and yet many people continue to damage their health by smoking
Tourists are often drawn by inner city art otherwise known as graffiti. All the same many city councils regularly remove the art.
The much anticipated outdoor exhibition was called off at the last minute. In any case the weather was awful so the exhibition would not have drawn many visitors
America should consider amending their gun laws, instead , they ignore the problem.
The curator of the museum was of the opinion that the Antiquities room would draw the most interest. He found, on the contrary , that the natural sciences display was much more popular.
Tourism in the 20th century has been driven by the availability of high speed transport. By comparison , in the 19th century, tourists had to rely on ships and trains to get to their destinations.
Some people contend that antibacterial soaps and detergents are good because they ensure a bacteria free environment. On the other hand , there are those who disagree arguing that ridding the environment of microbes robs us of the ability to form an immune response.
He was asked why he seldom read the newspapers. His reply “For one thing, the news is depressing, for another, I prefer to spend my spare time watching documentaries.”
He found that the work was easy to begin with , but it got progressively more difficult as he went along.
People with common sense should quit smoking. For one thing it costs a fortune. For another thing it is dangerous and can lead to a number of nasty diseases.
The charity was looking for volunteer workers to man the stalls. They also needed people who were prepared to stay overnight and look after the valuable goods that would go on sale over the weekend.
The local council should not allow people to sleep on the streets in the first place.
It is first and foremost the government’s responsibility create employment. In the second place they should ensure that employers treat their workers fairly and with respect.
In seeking employment she wanted to ensure that she followed her dreams. Secondly she wanted a decent wage and thirdly she hoped that there were opportunities for promotion.
Lastly it is the responsibility of the most senior member of staff to ensure that the offices are locked and secured at the end of the day
The organisation offered to make amends for any problems that had been caused by the misinformation that had been published in their magazine. In addition , they discounted the next edition of the glossy publication.
Besides the medical aid costing too much, it fails to offer even the most basic of out of hospital services
Over the years computers have become more and more powerful, moreover they have also become less expensive.
The houses in the neighbourhood were large and spacious. Furthermore , they had easy access to public transport.
The shipment of computers was three weeks late, but when it finally arrived the staff agreed that the quality and high speed made the wait worthwhile.
We should discuss how to maintain a work life balance, most importantly , how organisations can ensure that employees are not overworked.
The president said that the year ahead would be different. Most significantly he indicated that he would re-allocate funding to obtaining additional resources.
The manager said that it was basically the responsibility of every employee to ensure that the customers were delighted with the service that they received.
The leader of the opposition said that it was his responsibility to ensure that the government was transparent. Above all he was concerned that corruption is kept at bay.
The government is primarily responsible for the welfare of the people.
If, for example , we could put the well-being of others before ourselves the world would be a much happier place for all.
Modern urban populations are battling lifestyle diseases brought on by obesity. Diabetes, for instance , is growing in prevalence and more and more people have to take chronic medication.
Misinformation can cause many disagreements. To illustrate , a company advertising goods at an incorrect price could lead to disgruntled customers.
It could be argued that trade sanctions are trouble for the economy. In fact , many would say that the imposition of sanctions could start a war.
The doctor thought that the patient had measles when, actually , it was something far more severe.
What most people fail to understand is that travelling isn’t for everyone, as a matter of fact , many people prefer to settle down in one place.
Indeed , it may be a lot easier to just give up on passing your driver’s licence test.
The teacher had pointed out various countries around the world, namely, Portugal, Brazil, India and Australia.
He was not found guilty in a court of law that is to say he walked out scot free.
It gets really busy during the holiday season and the beaches tend to get crowded, put differently, rather go to the beach before the holiday season starts.
There is much to discuss before choosing to start a family, in other words, think before you rush into it.
Anyhow, I’ll just take the next train instead.
At any rate, learning a new language will not be easy.
Anyway, I will leave the function early.
In summary, I have come to the realisation that communication plays a big role in the success of a team.
To sum up my thoughts, I think choosing a single piece of art from a couple hundred is rather difficult.
In conclusion, winning isn’t necessarily the most important thing, it’s the way you played the game.
In brief, today’s headlines were depressing.
The project turned out okay, all in all, I think everyone did a fantastic job.
Eating vegetables is very good for eyesight, most specifically, carrots are thought to improve your night vision.
Nearly a third of teenage girls will experience some form of abuse, in particular, physical abuse by a boyfriend.
With respect to the contract, we regret that we are unable to accept the terms and conditions.
Regarding the proposal, we regret that we are unable to agree with some of your requirements.
With regard to your application for employment, I regret to inform you that you have not succeeded in securing the job.
The entire dance troupe failed to impress the judges. As for the main dancer the less said the better.
As far as I could see the travel destination was more than adequate for what we had in mind.
Talking of relocating, do you know where you going to stay? Have you found and apartment?
Sometimes when it comes to debating it is best to let your opponent have the last word.
The municipal workers went on a day long course, then they took an exam.
The Olympic team practiced for the bulk of the day. Afterwards they relaxed and spent time with their families
At first, I wasn’t sure how to start my preparation for the IELTS test and then I discovered IELTS Podcast.
The US and China are fighting over import duties, meanwhile the world economy is suffering.
I went to university to study accounting, later , I changed to engineering.
I plan to go to university next year. In the mean time I’d like to travel abroad.
I was not referring to a single doctrine, to be more precise I meant that I believe that all religions are biased.
She wanted to be a dentist rather than a doctor.
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Connectives and linking phrases (b2).
By Aneesh Raman and Maria Flynn
Mr. Raman is a work force expert at LinkedIn. Ms. Flynn is the president of Jobs for the Future.
There have been just a handful of moments over the centuries when we have experienced a huge shift in the skills our economy values most. We are entering one such moment now. Technical and data skills that have been highly sought after for decades appear to be among the most exposed to advances in artificial intelligence. But other skills, particularly the people skills that we have long undervalued as soft, will very likely remain the most durable. That is a hopeful sign that A.I. could usher in a world of work that is anchored more, not less, around human ability.
A moment like this compels us to think differently about how we are training our workers, especially the heavy premium we have placed on skills like coding and data analysis that continue to reshape the fields of higher education and worker training. The early signals of what A.I. can do should compel us to think differently about ourselves as a species. Our abilities to effectively communicate, develop empathy and think critically have allowed humans to collaborate, innovate and adapt for millenniums. Those skills are ones we all possess and can improve, yet they have never been properly valued in our economy or prioritized in our education and training. That needs to change.
In today’s knowledge economy, many students are focused on gaining technical skills because those skills are seen as the most competitive when it comes to getting a good job. And for good reason. For decades, we have viewed those jobs as future-proof, given the growth of technology companies and the fact that engineering majors land the highest-paying jobs .
The number of students seeking four-year degrees in computer science and information technology shot up 41 percent between the spring of 2018 and the spring of 2023, while the number of humanities majors plummeted. Workers who didn’t go to college and those who needed additional skills and wanted to take advantage of a lucrative job boom flocked to dozens of coding boot camps and online technical programs.
Now comes the realization of the power of generative A.I., with its vast capabilities in skills like writing, programming and translation. (Microsoft, which owns LinkedIn, is a major investor in the technology.) LinkedIn researchers recently looked at which skills any given job requires and then identified over 500 likely to be affected by generative A.I. technologies. They then estimated that 96 percent of a software engineer’s current skills — mainly proficiency in programming languages — can eventually be replicated by A.I. Skills associated with jobs like legal associates and finance officers will also be highly exposed.
In fact, given the broad impact A.I. is set to have, it is quite likely to affect all of our work to some degree or another.
We believe there will be engineers in the future, but they will most likely spend less time coding and more time on tasks like collaboration and communication. We also believe that there will be new categories of jobs that emerge as a result of A.I.’s capabilities — just like we’ve seen in past moments of technological advancement — and that those jobs will probably be anchored increasingly around people skills.
Circling around this research is the big question emerging across so many conversations about A.I. and work, namely: What are our core capabilities as humans?
If we answer that question from a place of fear about what’s left for people in the age of A.I., we can end up conceding a diminished view of human capability. Instead, it’s critical for us all to start from a place that imagines what’s possible for humans in the age of A.I. When you do that, you find yourself focusing quickly on people skills that allow us to collaborate and innovate in ways technology can amplify but never replace. And you find yourself — whatever the role or career stage you’re in — with agency to better manage this moment of historic change.
Communication is already the most in-demand skill across jobs on LinkedIn today. Even experts in A.I. are observing that the skills we need to work well with A.I. systems, such as prompting, are similar to the skills we need to communicate and reason effectively with other people.
Over 70 percent of executives surveyed by LinkedIn last year said soft skills were more important to their organizations than highly technical A.I. skills. And a recent Jobs for the Future survey found that 78 percent of the 10 top-employing occupations classified uniquely human skills and tasks as “important” or “very important.” These are skills like building interpersonal relationships, negotiating between parties and guiding and motivating teams.
Now is the time for leaders, across sectors, to develop new ways for students to learn that are more directly, and more dynamically, tied to where our economy is going, not where it has been. Critically, that involves bringing the same level of rigor to training around people skills that we have brought to technical skills.
Colleges and universities have a critical role to play. Over the past few decades, we have seen a prioritization of science and engineering, often at the expense of the humanities. That calibration will need to be reconsidered.
Those not pursuing a four-year degree should look for those training providers that have long emphasized people skills and are invested in social capital development.
Employers will need to be educators not just around A.I. tools but also on people skills and people-to-people collaboration. Major employers like Walmart and American Airlines are already exploring ways to put A.I. in the hands of employees so they can spend less time on routine tasks and more time on personal engagement with customers.
Ultimately, for our society, this comes down to whether we believe in the potential of humans with as much conviction as we believe in the potential of A.I. If we do, it is entirely possible to build a world of work that not only is more human but also is a place where all people are valued for the unique skills they have, enabling us to deliver new levels of human achievement across so many areas that affect all of our lives, from health care to transportation to education. Along the way, we could meaningfully increase equity in our economy, in part by addressing the persistent gender gap that exists when we undervalue skills that women bring to work at a higher percentage than men.
Almost anticipating this moment a few years ago, Minouche Shafik, who is now the president of Columbia University, said: “In the past, jobs were about muscles. Now they’re about brains, but in the future, they’ll be about the heart.”
The knowledge economy that we have lived in for decades emerged out of a goods economy that we lived in for millenniums, fueled by agriculture and manufacturing. Today the knowledge economy is giving way to a relationship economy, in which people skills and social abilities are going to become even more core to success than ever before. That possibility is not just cause for new thinking when it comes to work force training. It is also cause for greater imagination when it comes to what is possible for us as humans not simply as individuals and organizations but as a species.
Aneesh Raman is a vice president and work force expert at LinkedIn. Maria Flynn is the president of Jobs for the Future.
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An earlier version of this article misstated the group surveyed in a poll on worker skills. The respondents were executives in the United States, not executives at LinkedIn.
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