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Big History Project

Course: big history project   >   unit 9.

  • ACTIVITY: The Appetite for Energy
  • ACTIVITY: Unit 9 Vocab Tracking
  • ACTIVITY: DQ Notebook 9.1
  • WATCH: Coal, Steam, and the Industrial Revolution

READ: The Industrial Revolution

  • WATCH: How Did Change Accelerate?
  • READ: Acceleration
  • READ: George Washington Carver - Graphic Biography
  • ACTIVITY: Threshold Card — Threshold 8: The Modern Revolution
  • Quiz: Acceleration

Fossil Fuels, Steam Power, and the Rise of Manufacturing

The transformation of the world, early steam engines, why britain.

  • Shortage of wood and the abundance of convenient coal deposits
  • Commercial-minded aristocracy; limited monarchy
  • System of free enterprise; limited government involvement
  • Government support for commercial projects, for a strong navy to protect ships
  • Cheap cotton produced by slaves in North America
  • High literacy rates
  • Rule of law; protection of assets
  • Valuable immigrants (Dutch, Jews, Huguenots [French Protestants])
  • Location of China’s coal, which was in the north, while economic activity was centered in the south
  • Rapid growth of population in China, giving less incentive for machines and more for labor-intensive methods
  • Confucian ideals that valued stability and frowned upon experimentation and change
  • Lack of Chinese government support for maritime explorations, thinking its empire seemed large enough to provide everything needed
  • China’s focus on defending self from nomadic attacks from the north and west
  • Britain’s location on the Atlantic Ocean
  • British colonies in North America, which provided land, labor, and markets
  • Silver from the Americas, used in trade with China
  • Social and ideological conditions in Britain, and new thoughts about the economy, that encouraged an entrepreneurial spirit

The Spread of the Industrial Revolution

Consequences of the industrial revolution, for further discussion, want to join the conversation.

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industrial revolution in america essay

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Industrial Revolution

By: History.com Editors

Updated: March 27, 2023 | Original: October 29, 2009

The Iron Rolling Mill (Modern Cyclopes), 1873-1875. Artist: Menzel, Adolph Friedrich, von (1815-1905) Berlin.

The Industrial Revolution was a period of scientific and technological development in the 18th century that transformed largely rural, agrarian societies—especially in Europe and North America—into industrialized, urban ones. Goods that had once been painstakingly crafted by hand started to be produced in mass quantities by machines in factories, thanks to the introduction of new machines and techniques in textiles, iron making and other industries.

When Was the Industrial Revolution?

Though a few innovations were developed as early as the 1700s, the Industrial Revolution began in earnest by the 1830s and 1840s in Britain, and soon spread to the rest of the world, including the United States.

Modern historians often refer to this period as the First Industrial Revolution, to set it apart from a second period of industrialization that took place from the late 19th to early 20th centuries and saw rapid advances in the steel, electric and automobile industries. 

Spinning Jenny

Thanks in part to its damp climate, ideal for raising sheep, Britain had a long history of producing textiles like wool, linen and cotton. But prior to the Industrial Revolution, the British textile business was a true “cottage industry,” with the work performed in small workshops or even homes by individual spinners, weavers and dyers.

Starting in the mid-18th century, innovations like the spinning jenny (a wooden frame with multiple spindles), the flying shuttle, the water frame and the power loom made weaving cloth and spinning yarn and thread much easier. Producing cloth became faster and required less time and far less human labor.

More efficient, mechanized production meant Britain’s new textile factories could meet the growing demand for cloth both at home and abroad, where the British Empire’s many overseas colonies provided a captive market for its goods. In addition to textiles, the British iron industry also adopted new innovations.

Chief among the new techniques was the smelting of iron ore with coke (a material made by heating coal) instead of the traditional charcoal. This method was both cheaper and produced higher-quality material, enabling Britain’s iron and steel production to expand in response to demand created by the Napoleonic Wars (1803-15) and the later growth of the railroad industry. 

Impact of Steam Power 

An icon of the Industrial Revolution broke onto the scene in the early 1700s, when Thomas Newcomen designed the prototype for the first modern steam engine . Called the “atmospheric steam engine,” Newcomen’s invention was originally applied to power the machines used to pump water out of mine shafts.

In the 1760s, Scottish engineer James Watt began tinkering with one of Newcomen’s models, adding a separate water condenser that made it far more efficient. Watt later collaborated with Matthew Boulton to invent a steam engine with a rotary motion, a key innovation that would allow steam power to spread across British industries, including flour, paper, and cotton mills, iron works, distilleries, waterworks and canals.

Just as steam engines needed coal, steam power allowed miners to go deeper and extract more of this relatively cheap energy source. The demand for coal skyrocketed throughout the Industrial Revolution and beyond, as it would be needed to run not only the factories used to produce manufactured goods, but also the railroads and steamships used for transporting them.

Transportation During the Industrial Revolution

Britain’s road network, which had been relatively primitive prior to industrialization, soon saw substantial improvements, and more than 2,000 miles of canals were in use across Britain by 1815.

In the early 1800s, Richard Trevithick debuted a steam-powered locomotive, and in 1830 similar locomotives started transporting freight (and passengers) between the industrial hubs of Manchester and Liverpool. By that time, steam-powered boats and ships were already in wide use, carrying goods along Britain’s rivers and canals as well as across the Atlantic.

Banking and Communication in the Industrial Revolution

In 1776, Scottish social philosopher Adam Smith , who is regarded as the founder of modern economics, published The Wealth of Nations . In it, Smith promoted an economic system based on free enterprise, the private ownership of means of production, and lack of government interference.

Banks and industrial financiers soon rose to new prominence during this period, as well as a factory system dependent on owners and managers. A stock exchange was established in London in the 1770s; the New York Stock Exchange was founded in the early 1790s.

The latter part of the Industrial Revolution also saw key advances in communication methods, as people increasingly saw the need to communicate efficiently over long distances. In 1837, British inventors William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone patented the first commercial telegraphy system, even as Samuel Morse and other inventors worked on their own versions in the United States.

Cooke and Wheatstone’s system would be used for railroad signaling, as the speed of the new steam-powered trains created a need for more sophisticated means of communication.

Labor Movement 

Though many people in Britain had begun moving to the cities from rural areas before the Industrial Revolution, this process accelerated dramatically with industrialization, as the rise of large factories turned smaller towns into major cities over the span of decades. This rapid urbanization brought significant challenges, as overcrowded cities suffered from pollution, inadequate sanitation, miserable housing conditions and a lack of safe drinking water.

Meanwhile, even as industrialization increased economic output overall and improved the standard of living for the middle and upper classes, poor and working class people continued to struggle. The mechanization of labor created by technological innovation had made working in factories increasingly tedious (and sometimes dangerous), and many workers—including children—were forced to work long hours for pitifully low wages.

Such dramatic changes and abuses fueled opposition to industrialization worldwide, including the “ Luddites ,” known for their violent resistance to changes in Britain’s textile industry.

Did you know? The word "luddite" refers to a person who is opposed to technological change. The term is derived from a group of early 19th century English workers who attacked factories and destroyed machinery as a means of protest. They were supposedly led by a man named Ned Ludd, though he may have been an apocryphal figure.

In the decades to come, outrage over substandard working and living conditions would fuel the formation of labor unions , as well as the passage of new child labor laws and public health regulations in both Britain and the United States, all aimed at improving life for working class and poor citizens who had been negatively impacted by industrialization.

The Industrial Revolution in the United States

The beginning of industrialization in the United States is usually pegged to the opening of a textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1793 by the recent English immigrant Samuel Slater. Slater had worked at one of the mills opened by Richard Arkwright (inventor of the water frame) mills, and despite laws prohibiting the emigration of textile workers, he brought Arkwright’s designs across the Atlantic. He later built several other cotton mills in New England, and became known as the “Father of the American Industrial Revolution.”

The United States followed its own path to industrialization, spurred by innovations “borrowed” from Britain as well as by homegrown inventors like Eli Whitney . Whitney’s 1793 invention of the cotton gin (short for “engine”) revolutionized the nation’s cotton industry (and strengthened the hold of slavery over the cotton-producing South).

By the end of the 19th century, with the so-called Second Industrial Revolution underway, the United States would also transition from a largely agrarian society to an increasingly urbanized one, with all the attendant problems.

By the mid-19th century, industrialization was well-established throughout the western part of Europe and America’s northeastern region. By the early 20th century, the U.S. had become the world’s leading industrial nation.

Effects of the Industrial Revolution

Historians continue to debate many aspects of industrialization, including its exact timeline, why it began in Britain as opposed to other parts of the world and the idea that it was actually more of a gradual evolution than a revolution. The positives and negatives of the Industrial Revolution are complex.

On one hand, unsafe working conditions were rife and environmental pollution from coal and gas are legacies we still struggle with today. On the other, the move to cities and ingenious inventions that made clothing, communication and transportation more affordable and accessible to the masses changed the course of world history.

Regardless of these questions, the Industrial Revolution had a transformative economic, social and cultural impact, and played an integral role in laying the foundations for modern society. 

Photo Galleries

Lewis Hine Child Labor Photos

Robert C. Allen, The Industrial Revolution: A Very Short Introduction . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007  Claire Hopley, “A History of the British Cotton Industry.” British Heritage Travel , July 29, 2006 William Rosen, The Most Powerful Idea in the World: A Story of Steam, Industry, and Invention . New York: Random House, 2010 Gavin Weightman, The Industrial Revolutionaries: The Making of the Modern World, 1776-1914 . New York: Grove Press, 2007 Matthew White, “Georgian Britain: The Industrial Revolution.” British Library , October 14, 2009 

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Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Essays

Industrialization and conflict in america: 1840–1875.

The Falls of Niagara

The Falls of Niagara

Edward Hicks

View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm—The Oxbow

View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm—The Oxbow

Thomas Cole

The Raymond Children

The Raymond Children

Robert Peckham

A Mother's Pearls

A Mother's Pearls

Thomas Seir Cummings

Genius of Mirth

Genius of Mirth

Thomas Crawford

Taking the Census

Taking the Census

Francis William Edmonds

Fur Traders Descending the Missouri

Fur Traders Descending the Missouri

George Caleb Bingham


John Henry Belter

Grace Hill for Edwin C. Litchfield, Brooklyn, New York (front elevation)

Grace Hill for Edwin C. Litchfield, Brooklyn, New York (front elevation)

Alexander Jackson Davis


Hiram Powers

Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer (Mariana Griswold)

Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer (Mariana Griswold)

Augustus Saint-Gaudens


John William Hill

The Freedman

The Freedman

John Quincy Adams Ward

David Jaffee Department of History, City College and Graduate Center, CUNY

Northern manufacturing extended the use of power-driven machines to a wider range of commodities in the middle decades of the century. By 1860, the United States was second only to Great Britain and France in manufacturing. Stationary steam engines powering advanced machinery allowed factories to set up in the nation’s largest cities ( 1999.396 ). Affordable books and color prints from the new printing presses disseminated new fashions and ideas connecting urban and rural, East and West. By 1850, nine out of every ten adult white Americans could read, and millions bought books. Women in particular became prodigious readers, as well as the authors of many books and magazine articles ( 17.104 ). The nation’s population nearly quadrupled between 1814 and 1860, to over 31 million, swelled by an influx of immigrants. Fleeing the potato famine in Ireland and revolutionary turmoil in the German states, foreign-born workers increasingly replaced native-born labor, toiling in factories and crowding into the working-class sections of expanding cities.

The telegraph (invented by Samuel F. B. Morse in 1844), and then the railroad, knit together the regions; the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869. City merchants built stores opulent enough to be dubbed “palaces of consumption.” Urban elites competed in a rivalry over the status of their cities, commissioning public sculptures of the nation’s leaders and heroes, therefore providing opportunities for sculptors ( 97.13.1 ). The availability of factory-produced goods such as parlor suites of furniture made the trappings of success affordable to the middle class. New forms of manufacture emerged: arms manufacturers and Connecticut clockmakers turned to standardized parts to speed production.

The rapid shift from an agrarian to industrial economy and the growth of the business sector, with their attendant social and economic dislocations, spurred the development of a powerful ideology in which private and public spheres were considered antithetical. The domestic sphere, the realm of home and family, no longer a site of production as in the eighteenth century , would now be seen as a haven against the impersonal, competitive forces of capitalism ( 66.242.27 ). Middle-class women would (and were expected to) retire from the workforce to their proper sphere and attend to their primary duties—child rearing and homemaking ( 28.148.1 ). This public/private divide was echoed in an idealization of nature and the rural against the noisome, polluted city and its expanding immigrant population. American architect and landscape designer Andrew Jackson Downing (1815–1852) proclaimed the home a “powerful means of civilization” and a remedy for social evils. In his many popular publications, including The Architecture of Country Houses (1850) and Horticulturalist Magazine , often illustrated by architect Alexander J. Davis (1803–1892), Downing recommended the building of country homes where one could cleanse the soul by escaping the psychologically and physically unhealthy aspects of urban life. Reflecting many of Downing’s ideas, the first suburban developments aspired to unify nature and architecture, offering a semi-rural retreat from blighted industrial areas ( 24.66.67 ).

Meanwhile, America’s artists, such as Thomas Cole (1801–1848), founder of the Hudson River School , exalted the national landscape in the midst of its very transformation ( 08.228 ). Natural wonders such as Niagara Falls ( 62.256.3 ) or wilderness areas such as the Hudson River Valley were popularized by the Hudson River School artists, and increasingly became accessible to travelers and tourists. The virtual nature worship indulged by American artists was nowhere more extremely expressed than in the intimate yet highly objective stipple watercolor style applied to still life and landscapes by American followers of the English critic John Ruskin (1819–1900), whose “truth to nature” aesthetic philosophy gained wide attention during the Civil War era ( 82.9.1 ). American genre painters focused on a nostalgic view of displaced American types ( 33.61 ). Some cultural commentators of the changing American landscape, like Cole, offered a pessimistic view of the changes wrought by technology; while other painters and writers joined most Americans in a celebration of national progress. Closer to home, urban planners and landscape architects such as Frederick Law Olmsted (1822–1903) and Calvert Vaux (1824–1895) brought nature into the city by building urban parks such as New York’s Central Park; Vaux went on to design both The Metropolitan Museum of Art (1874–80) and the American Museum of Natural History (1874–77).

The dynamism of western expansion extended across the Plains to the Pacific Coast, accompanied by the continued removal of Native Americans from their lands and, in 1846–48, war with Mexico. Great finds of precious metals in the American West ( 72.3 ) transformed luxury goods, such as gold and silver jewelry . The annexation of western territories doomed earlier political compromises on the extension of slavery . Accelerated industrialization only accentuated sectionalism and the differences between North and South. Southern planters grew increasingly dependent upon slave labor for massive amounts of cotton production (the South accounted for two-thirds of the world’s cotton production in 1850), which fed the factories of the North and Great Britain. Slavery’s extension into western lands caused a great forced migration of African Americans. Debates over the future extension of slavery fractured the existing national party system along regional lines. The election of Republican Abraham Lincoln in 1860, with his vision of new lands being free of slavery, induced the southern states to secede from the Union, and the horrendous Civil War between North and South ensued. The North triumphed after four long years, due to its greater economic, material, and demographic resources. The era of Reconstruction introduced a period of debate over the political and economic rights of freed slaves ( 1979.394 ) and the role of federal power in the reunited states. The Civil War and its aftermath provided an opportunity for artists and photographers in the illustrated press and sculptors in the public sphere to commemorate the heroism and sacrifice of Abraham Lincoln and the common soldier alike.

Jaffee, David. “Industrialization and Conflict in America: 1840–1875.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History . New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/indu/hd_indu.htm (April 2007)

Further Reading

Grier, Katherine C. Culture & Comfort: Parlor Making and Middle Class Identity, 1850–1930 . Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

Savage, Kirk. Standing Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves: Race, War, and Monument in Nineteenth-Century America . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Voorsanger, Catherine Hoover, and John K. Howat, eds. Art and the Empire City: New York, 1825–1861 . Exhibition catalogue. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000. See on MetPublications

Additional Essays by David Jaffee

  • Jaffee, David. “ America Comes of Age: 1876–1900 .” (April 2007)
  • Jaffee, David. “ Post-Revolutionary America: 1800–1840 .” (April 2007)
  • Jaffee, David. “ Art and Identity in the British North American Colonies, 1700–1776 .” (October 2004)
  • Jaffee, David. “ Art and Society of the New Republic, 1776–1800 .” (October 2004)
  • Jaffee, David. “ Religion and Culture in North America, 1600–1700 .” (October 2004)

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Home — Essay Samples — History — History of the United States — Industrial Revolution

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Essays on Industrial Revolution

Industrial revolution essay topics and outline examples, essay title 1: the industrial revolution: catalyst for economic transformation and social change.

Thesis Statement: This essay explores the Industrial Revolution as a pivotal period in history, analyzing its role as a catalyst for economic transformation, technological innovation, and significant societal changes in labor, urbanization, and living conditions.

  • Introduction
  • The Emergence of Industrialization: Transition from Agrarian to Industrial Society
  • Technological Advancements: Inventions and Their Impact on Production
  • Factory System and Labor: The Changing Nature of Work
  • Urbanization and Its Consequences: The Growth of Industrial Cities
  • Social Reforms and Challenges: Responses to Inequities and Labor Conditions
  • Legacy of the Industrial Revolution: Long-Term Effects on Modern Society

Essay Title 2: The Dark Side of Progress: Environmental Consequences and Labor Exploitation during the Industrial Revolution

Thesis Statement: This essay critically examines the Industrial Revolution, shedding light on its environmental consequences, the exploitation of laborers, and the ethical dilemmas that arose as a result of rapid industrialization.

  • Environmental Impact: Pollution, Deforestation, and Resource Depletion
  • Factory Conditions and Child Labor: The Human Cost of Industrialization
  • Ethical Considerations: Debates on Economic Gain vs. Social Welfare
  • Worker Movements and Labor Reforms: Struggles for Workers' Rights
  • The Industrial Revolution and Globalization: Impact Beyond Borders
  • Reevaluating Progress: Lessons for Sustainable Development

Essay Title 3: The Industrial Revolution and Its Influence on Modern Economic Systems and Technological Advancements

Thesis Statement: This essay analyzes the profound influence of the Industrial Revolution on contemporary economic systems, technological innovations, and the enduring legacy of industrialization in shaping our modern world.

  • Capitalism and Industrialization: The Birth of Modern Economic Systems
  • Technological Breakthroughs: The Impact of the Steam Engine, Textile Industry, and More
  • The Role of Industrial Giants: Key Figures and Their Contributions
  • Globalization and Trade Networks: Connecting Continents and Markets
  • Innovation and the Information Age: Tracing Technological Progress
  • Contemporary Challenges and Opportunities: Navigating the Post-Industrial World

Prompt Examples for Industrial Revolution Essays

The impact of industrialization on society.

Examine the social consequences of the Industrial Revolution. How did the shift from agrarian economies to industrialized societies affect the lives of individuals, families, and communities? Discuss changes in work, living conditions, and social structures.

The Role of Technological Advancements

Analyze the technological innovations that drove the Industrial Revolution. Explore the inventions and advancements in industry, transportation, and communication that transformed economies and societies. Discuss their significance and long-term effects.

Economic Transformation and Capitalism

Discuss the economic aspects of the Industrial Revolution. How did the rise of industrial capitalism reshape economic systems and create new opportunities and challenges for businesses and workers? Analyze the growth of factories, trade, and global markets.

Labor Movements and Workers' Rights

Examine the emergence of labor movements and workers' rights during the Industrial Revolution. Discuss the conditions and struggles faced by laborers and the efforts to improve working conditions, wages, and labor laws. Explore the role of unions and collective action.

Urbanization and the Growth of Cities

Explore the process of urbanization and the rapid growth of cities during the Industrial Revolution. Discuss the challenges and opportunities presented by urban life, including issues of overcrowding, sanitation, and social inequality.

Environmental Impacts and Sustainability

Analyze the environmental impacts of industrialization. How did the Industrial Revolution contribute to pollution, resource depletion, and environmental degradation? Discuss the early awareness of these issues and the emergence of sustainability concerns.

Explain The Five Modes of Adaptation

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Goals of Mercantilism

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The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain

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1733 - 1913

The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in the mid-18th century. The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the United Kingdom, Europe and the United States. The beginning of industrialization in the United States is started with the opening of a textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1793 by Samuel Slater.

There was a few reasons of the beginning of Industrial Revolution: shortage of wood and the abundance of convenient coal deposits; high literacy rates; cheap cotton produced by slaves in North America; system of free enterprise.

Samuel Slater is most associated with starting up the textiles industry in the U.S. An early English-American industrialist known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" and the "Father of the American Factory System". He opened a textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1793.

There were many improvements in technology and manufacturing fundamentals that improved overall production and economic growth in the United States. Several great American inventions affected manufacturing, communications, transportation, and commercial agriculture.

The Industrial Revolution resulted in greater wealth and a larger population in Europe as well as in the United States. From 1700 to 1900, there was huge migration of people living in villages to moving into towns and cities for work. The Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in history. During the Industrial Revolution, environmental pollution increased.

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Descriptive Essay: The Industrial Revolution and its Effects

The Industrial Revolution was a time of great age throughout the world. It represented major change from 1760 to the period 1820-1840. The movement originated in Great Britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen. I will discuss the Industrial Revolution and the effects it had on the world as a whole.

The primary industry of the time was the textiles industry. It had the most employees, output value, and invested capital. It was the first to take on new modern production methods. The transition to machine power drastically increased productivity and efficiency. This extended to iron production and chemical production.

It started in Great Britain and soon expanded into Western Europe and to the United States. The actual effects of the revolution on different sections of society differed. They manifested themselves at different times. The ‘trickle down’ effect whereby the benefits of the revolution helped the lower classes didn’t happen until towards the 1830s and 1840s. Initially, machines like the Watt Steam Engine and the Spinning Jenny only benefited the rich industrialists.

The effects on the general population, when they did come, were major. Prior to the revolution, most cotton spinning was done with a wheel in the home. These advances allowed families to increase their productivity and output. It gave them more disposable income and enabled them to facilitate the growth of a larger consumer goods market. The lower classes were able to spend. For the first time in history, the masses had a sustained growth in living standards.

Social historians noted the change in where people lived. Industrialists wanted more workers and the new technology largely confined itself to large factories in the cities. Thousands of people who lived in the countryside migrated to the cities permanently. It led to the growth of cities across the world, including London, Manchester, and Boston. The permanent shift from rural living to city living has endured to the present day.

Trade between nations increased as they often had massive surpluses of consumer goods they couldn’t sell in the domestic market. The rate of trade increased and made nations like Great Britain and the United States richer than ever before. Naturally, this translated to military power and the ability to sustain worldwide trade networks and colonies.

On the other hand, the Industrial Revolution and migration led to the mass exploitation of workers and slums. To counter this, workers formed trade unions. They fought back against employers to win rights for themselves and their families. The formation of trade unions and the collective unity of workers across industries are still existent today. It was the first time workers could make demands of their employers. It enfranchised them and gave them rights to upset the status quo and force employers to view their workers as human beings like them.

Overall, the Industrial Revolution was one of the single biggest events in human history. It launched the modern age and drove industrial technology forward at a faster rate than ever before. Even contemporary economics experts failed to predict the extent of the revolution and its effects on world history. It shows why the Industrial Revolution played such a vital role in the building of the United States of today.

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  1. Essay about The industrial revolution (400 Words)

    industrial revolution in america essay

  2. The Industrial Revolution

    industrial revolution in america essay

  3. ≫ Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution Free Essay Sample on

    industrial revolution in america essay

  4. Essay On The American Industrial Revolution

    industrial revolution in america essay

  5. The Issue Of Child Labour In The Time Of The Industrial Revolution

    industrial revolution in america essay

  6. Industrial Revolution and the Working Class Essay Example

    industrial revolution in america essay


  1. The industrial revolution #History #AI


  3. The Industrial Revolution: Test Your Knowledge! #industrialrevolution #history #shorts

  4. American revolution part -1

  5. The Bank of America: Case Study


  1. Industrial Revolution in the United States Essay

    The industrial revolution in America. The industrial revolution was a period of transformation from reliance on human beings in production processes to great dependence on machines to produce commodities. The revolution is believed to have originated from Great Britain before spreading through Europe and then to other parts of the world.

  2. Rise of Industrial America, 1876-1900

    Next Section The American West, 1865-1900; Overview International Stock Food Factory, between 1900 and 1910 Detroit Publishing Company. In the decades following the Civil War, the United States emerged as an industrial giant. Old industries expanded and many new ones, including petroleum refining, steel manufacturing, and electrical power, emerged.

  3. The American Industrial Revolution

    The Early American Industrial Revolution, 1793-1850. Minnesota: Capstone press, 2003. Brezina, Corona. The Industrial Revolution in America: A Primary Source History of America's Transformation Into An Industrial Society. New York: Rosen Publishing Group,2005. Hillstrom, Kevin and Hillstrom, Collier. The Industrial Revolution in America.

  4. How Did Industrialization Change American Society

    The Industrial Revolution in America brought about significant changes that transformed the fabric of society in profound ways. From the late 18th to the early 19th century, industrialization revolutionized the economy, infrastructure, and social dynamics of the nation. This period marked a shift from agrarian, rural communities to urban, industrialized centers of production.

  5. READ: The Industrial Revolution (article)

    Railroad construction in America boomed from the 1830s to 1870s. The American Civil War (1861-65) was the first truly industrial war — the increasingly urbanized and factory-based North fighting against the agriculture-focused South — and industrialization grew explosively afterward.

  6. Industrial Revolution: Definition, Inventions & Dates

    The Industrial Revolution was a period of scientific and technological development in the 18th century that transformed largely rural, agrarian societies—especially in Europe and North America ...

  7. Industrialization and Conflict in America: 1840-1875

    The rapid shift from an agrarian to industrial economy and the growth of the business sector, with their attendant social and economic dislocations, spurred the development of a powerful ideology in which private and public spheres were considered antithetical. ... Related Essays. American Scenes of Everyday Life, 1840-1910; Art and Identity ...

  8. Industrialization and Urbanization in the United States, 1880-1929

    The early industrial revolution depended upon steam engines and waterpower. The earliest engines were large and prohibitively expensive for all but the largest firms. ... they are strong on papers from New York City and Washington, D.C. ... The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business (Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 1977), 249. 16.

  9. The Industrial Revolution in the United States

    Jump to: Background Suggestions for Teachers Additional Resources The Industrial Revolution took place over more than a century, as production of goods moved from home businesses, where products were generally crafted by hand, to machine-aided production in factories. This revolution, which involved major changes in transportation, manufacturing, and communications, transformed the daily lives ...

  10. Industrial Revolution

    Historians conventionally divide the Industrial Revolution into two approximately consecutive parts. What is called the first Industrial Revolution lasted from the mid-18th century to about 1830 and was mostly confined to Britain.The second Industrial Revolution lasted from the mid-19th century until the early 20th century and took place in Britain, continental Europe, North America, and Japan.

  11. 22a. Economic Growth and the Early Industrial Revolution

    The transition from an agricultural to an industrial economy took more than a century in the United States, but that long development entered its first phase from the 1790s through the 1830s. The Industrial Revolution had begun in Britain during the mid-18th century, but the American colonies lagged far behind the mother country in part because the abundance of land and scarcity of labor in ...

  12. Essays on Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution Essay Topics and Outline Examples Essay Title 1: The Industrial Revolution: Catalyst for Economic Transformation and Social Change. ... The Industrial Revolution in America brought about significant changes that transformed the fabric of society in profound ways. From the late 18th to the early 19th century ...

  13. Industrial Revolution In America: Essay Example, 600 words

    The Industrial Revolution began in Europe during the late 1700s. Then, towards the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, a similar movement started in America, often referred to as the Second Industrial Revolution.

  14. Descriptive Essay: The Industrial Revolution and its Effects

    The Industrial Revolution was a time of great age throughout the world. It represented major change from 1760 to the period 1820-1840. The movement originated in Great Britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen. I will discuss the Industrial Revolution and the effects it had ...

  15. Essay about The Industrial Revolution in America

    The Industrial Revolution had positive and negative effects on North America in the 1800's. The Industrial Revolution was a time when new inventions factories started to show up around America. It started in the late 1700's in England. Machines that wove cotton into cloth, to make easier and products cheaper.

  16. The Rise of the Machines: Pros and Cons of the Industrial Revolution

    Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (LC-DIG-nclc-01581) The Industrial Revolution, the period in which agrarian and handicraft economies shifted rapidly to industrial and machine-manufacturing-dominated ones, began in the United Kingdom in the 18th century and later spread throughout many other parts of the world. This economic transformation changed not only how work was done and goods were ...

  17. American Industrial Revolution Essay

    American Industrial Revolution Essay. 586 Words3 Pages. After the Civil War, the American Industrial Revolution made the Americans the most industrialized people in the world. This economic phenomenon was unprecedented in history. There were several factors that led the American economic prowess and prosperity.

  18. Industrial Revolution In England And America History Essay

    This paper seeks to show the industrial revolution in America around 1900s as well as the industrial revolution in England around 1700s. Later the paper will compare and contrast the revolution under different time settings. England was the first nation to experience industrial revolution, and hence it was named the industrialized nation.

  19. Industrial Revolution

    Causes. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 1760s, largely with new developments in the textile industry. The spinning jenny invented by James Hargreaves could spin eight threads at the same time; it greatly improved the textile industry. Before that time making cloth was a slow process.

  20. 153 Industrial Revolution Essay Topics & Examples

    Secret #3. Industrial revolution essay positive and negative effects go beyond everyday-life. The on-going processes affected politics, economics, and even diplomacy. Highlighting these effects in your work is crucial for the creation of a convincing argument.

  21. US Economy During Industrial and Information Revolutions Essay

    Modern information systems therefore credit the industrial revolution for laying the foundation upon which they have been established. Works Cited. Brezina, Corona. The Industrial Revolution in America: A Primary Source History of America's Transformation Into Industrial Society. Buffalo, NY: Rosen Publishing Group, 2005. Hillstrom, Laurie C.

  22. Examples of GREAT Industrial Revolution Essay Questions!

    Here's 5 essay questions about the American Industrial Revolution that are excellent for 8th grade level students, along with explanations of why each question is a good fit for this age group: Analyze the impact of the American Industrial Revolution on the economy of the United States. Explanation: T his question requires 8th graders to ...