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Difference Between Indian Culture and Western Culture

Indian Culture Vs Western culture

On the other hand, Western culture , it is quite advanced and open. The norms, beliefs, values, traditions, customs and practices are greatly inspired by European culture. Moreover, Western Culture includes British culture, French culture, Spanish culture

In this article, you will find the most important differences between Indian Culture and Western Culture.

Content: Indian Culture Vs Western Culture

Comparison chart, about indian culture.

Indian Culture is the ancient and one of the most popular cultures in the world. India is very well known for its rich cultural heritage which is a combination of customs, traditions, lifestyle, religion, languages, rituals, cuisine, etc. depending upon area. Here you can see unity in diversity like people belonging to different religions live happily.

Guests are considered God here, people welcomed them with joined hands and a smile on their face. Not only the guests but here people worship animals, statues, rivers, stones, trees, kids, etc.

Indian Culture is now divided into two categories which are traditional and the modern one. In traditional culture, people give more importance to their society. Community comes first according to them, but this scenario is changing slowly with the impact of westernization.

About 3-4 decades ago, only arranged marriages are common, where the parents of the bride and groom choose the spouse for their child and then decides about the marriage but now love marriages are also equally respected.

There are so many festivals celebrated in the country like Holi, Diwali, Dusshera, Eid-UL-Fitr, Christmas, Baisakhi, Navratri, Muharram, etc. Here you can see the variety of clothing depending on the region. The Indian woman prefers Saree or Salwar Kameez with dupatta whereas Dhoti Kurta, and Kurta Payjama is the traditional outfit of men in India.

Here, transparent, revealing and tight fit dresses are not likened. Hindi is the most popular language of the country, but there are 122 major languages which are spoken in India. In India, there are is a wide variety of cuisines like northern, southern, eastern, western, etc. which differ in spices and ways of making them. Indian sculpture, architecture is also world famous.

About Western Culture

Western Culture is referred as the modern and advanced culture in the world. The main pillars of the western culture are capitalism, individualism, rights, ethical values, etc. You can see western culture in America, Germany, Spain, Europe, etc. Here most people belong to Christianity and Judaism.

People give more importance to their wants, needs, desires and happiness. Nobody here has time to think what other people thinks about them because they are busy in doing their own business.

If we talk about marriages, love marriages and consented marriages are very popular in western countries. People do not have a strong bond with their family; they leave home after reaching certain age to become self-dependent. Youngsters learn and earn at the same time.

Western architecture, paintings, and music are highly admired across the world. Ballet dance and ballroom dance are the popular dance forms here. In western countries, people are more concerned about their health, and that is why they prefer heavy lunch and a light dinner. Their food contains less oil and spices.

When its about clothing, people like to wear what the desire, there is no restriction on wearing anything. English, French, American, Spanish, etc. are the most common languages spoken in the Western countries.

Key Differences Between Indian Culture and Western Culture

The following are the major differences between Indian Culture and Western Culture

  • The culture which is prevalent in India is known as Indian Culture. The culture, widespread in the western countries is known as Western Culture.
  • Indian Culture has a variety of religions like Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, etc. while in Western Culture the people mostly belong to Christianity.
  • In Indian Culture, joint families are common, however nuclear families are also there. Conversely, In Western Culture, small families are there.
  • The traditional Indian outfit is worn in Indian Culture, although nowadays with the influence of western culture, western clothing is also preferred by the people. In contrast to Western culture, there is no such traditional outfit.
  • A variety of Folk, Classical, Bollywood songs is preferred in Indian Culture. On the other hand, Western Culture promotes Hip-Hop, Jazz, Blues, Rap, Heavy Metal and Rock music.
  • Hindi is mainly spoken in Indian Culture but in the case of Western Culture, English is spoken in a high ratio.
  • Indian Culture is not that more open as compared to Western Culture.

Both Indian Culture and Western Culture are right at their places. There is a lot to learn from both the cultures. For last few decades, Indian culture has been influenced by the western culture, and they are adopting the merits of the western culture like cleanliness, equal rights for both men and women, frankness, etc. which helped in removing the shortcomings of Indian culture. Similarly, western culture is also getting an Indian touch regarding Indian cuisine and yoga.

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society vs culture

Er. Md Nadeem Alam says

October 21, 2015 at 12:07 pm

Its really cool

October 9, 2021 at 9:43 am

Really you are awesome.

August 3, 2016 at 4:27 pm

Saved my life

November 15, 2016 at 11:08 pm

Naim choudhary says

July 18, 2017 at 3:04 pm

very big difference between India culture and western culture

Sour Knight says

November 22, 2016 at 7:17 am

Thank u. ☺☺☺

mrunal jadhav says

December 12, 2016 at 11:22 am

nice ! quite impressive i think both the culture have equal values in the today’s life

April 8, 2017 at 2:02 pm

Thanks to information

November 17, 2017 at 7:17 pm

wow that was good can i get the same like how are western festivals and indian festivals mix and give values to our lives.

Abhishek Mallav says

November 23, 2017 at 7:03 pm

Very Perfect Information

Uma Shankar says

November 27, 2017 at 5:34 pm

Really big difference between Indian and western culture. Thank you

Shrawani says

November 30, 2017 at 11:08 am

Wow. Very nice information. Loved it.💝💖

Siddhart Gopalam says

April 20, 2018 at 8:25 pm

I love it. I’m an American Born Desi and I am often torn because I have two integral cultures, which are those mentioned above. Most people would say I should choose one over the other, but this displays everything perfectly. Thank you!

June 26, 2018 at 12:41 pm

Indian culture is one of the richest and oldest cultures in the world. Thanks for sharing this comparison. Keep updating such more posts

Alice Carroll says

September 28, 2020 at 5:21 am

Thanks for pointing out that one key distinction of Indian food is the amount of spices in their food. I’ve always wanted to try out new chicken recipes because it’s fascinating to me how common it is as a source of protein and yet every culture tends to have a different take in cooking it. Maybe when I start needing to have a higher protein intake for my diet, I should consider eating from Indian restaurants.

January 10, 2021 at 5:20 pm

I like it. short and simple with cover all the information about both culture

ganesh nandgure says

August 21, 2021 at 7:14 pm

It is the most prominent Information share by the portal. It is more give the strength to both cultures. and both culture is widely important at their places.

Priyanka says

October 22, 2021 at 1:37 pm

That was very optimal whatever you told us about western culture and Indian culture

mumtaz molai says

June 25, 2022 at 8:25 am

Awesome article thanks for sharing!

Chayanika says

July 27, 2022 at 7:47 am

August 2, 2022 at 9:37 pm

It was really nice

I’ll like it

August 3, 2022 at 3:12 pm

It was really very nice

Thank you so much

Please keep sending articles like it

October 17, 2022 at 11:15 am

thanks a lot

Manisha says

November 15, 2022 at 10:31 pm

It helped a lot. Thank you

Maininder saini says

January 18, 2023 at 1:47 pm

This article helped me so much in my project file Awesome article……👌 Thanks for posting this 🙏

January 27, 2023 at 6:34 pm

Thank you for sharing a post, nice to read it, good work, keep going

Surendra Kumar says

February 10, 2024 at 3:38 pm

The difference between Indian culture and western. the way you explained. its really amazing, it’s very helpful for us to understand the key difference of our cultures , thanks for providing us such types of Information.

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Indian Culture vs Western Culture: The Beauty of Diversity

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Table of contents

The history, traditional attire, family values, food culture, the verdict.


The debate on Indian culture vs Western Culture has been going on for a long time. Everyone contributes their unique insights on the topic. Both these cultures are unique, significant, and beautiful in their distinguished ways. The world, as we know it today, would never have existed had either of these cultures been absent. 

Western Culture derives most of its customs and traditions from the European culture. Indian culture, however, is more diverse. Each state in the country brings with it, its traditions and cultures that are quite different from those of its neighbor. Analyzing the differences between them, it comes as no surprise that the ever-living debate on Indian culture vs Western culture still finds an audience.


The term culture refers to the norms, rituals, beliefs, and practices followed by a set of people belonging to a particular region or community. Each nation and continent has its own culture. It is this knowledge of their indigenous culture that distinguishes a particular nation or community from others. The culture of land has a considerable role in influencing the lifestyle of its natives.

Indian History is quite ancient in comparison to the Western history. In fact, Indian history is said to have been begun with the advent of the Indus Valley civilization in 2600 BC. Through the ages, the country had undergone a number of changes, which are aptly reflected in the art, culture, literature and architecture of India .

Western civilization is also quite ancient and is said to have had its roots in the ancient civilization of Greece. Through the ages, the western culture and civilizations have provided a number of significant contributions to world literature and architecture. A glimpse through the western history would undoubtedly reveal several literary and artistic legends such as Michelangelo and William Shakespeare, who have been stalwarts in shaping the culture of the Western world today.


India is the land of many religion , though majority of the Indian population follow Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, and Jainism are also practiced by a significant number of people. In most Western countries, Christianity is the most followed religion, with Islam and Judaism also being practiced by a considerable number of people.


Indian culture is one of the most ancient cultures, which is prevalent in the world today. India is home to many festivals that take place all year round. Each state has its own distinct festivals, which mark certain pivotal events. The festivals are all celebrated with much pomp and splendour. Indian festivals include Holi , Onam , Pongal among others.

In Western culture too, people celebrate festivals with much joy. Popular Western festivals include Mardi Gras, Thanksgiving, St. Patrick’s Day, and many more. However, certain festivals are global. Many people across the world celebrate festivals like Christmas ad Eid regardless of their nationality.


Music has always been an inherent part of every culture around the world; each country has its distinct musical style, which suits the land and its people. Western music is entirely different from Indian music in several ways. Indian music is composed mainly of Hindustani Classical Music, Carnatic Music , among others. Traditional musical instruments , such as the Tabla, Veena, and Shehnai, are still used to produce soothing and melodious music in India.

In contrast to this, the Western musical scenario is quite different; it includes mainly jazz, rock, heavy metal, and Hip Hop. The opera is another popular attraction. It is a theatrical art form and is prominent for its musical component. 


India has a number of the art forms spread across the nation. From the mesmerizing Bharatanatyam and the splendid Mohiniyattam to the lively Garba and graceful Manipuri , the country has beautiful and majestic dance forms that are unique to each state.

In Western countries, one can find many different forms of dance as well! Ballet, Waltz, Salsa, Tango, etc. are some of the most popular dance, performed in various settings.


The themes of Indian art are different and varied in contrast to that of the Western art. Indian art mostly comprised elements of religious significance. The paintings also portrayed scenes inspired from the daily life of the artist. The legends of Indian art include, Abindranath Tagore, Raja Ravi Varma , M. F. Hussain, Jamini Roy , among others.

Western paintings are quite popular for its unique representation of the human figure and the mesmerizing landscapes. Apart from this, many paintings also portray scenes from the Bible. The legends of western art include, Vincent Van Gogh, Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, Picasso and more.


Western literature is an apt reflection of the society. Apart from the realistic portrayal of their life, Western literature is quite unique due to its liberal use of a variety of techniques to narrate the story. Chivalry, romance, loyalty, fantasy, and Individualism are some of the key elements of Western literature. The western literary legends include, William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and George Bernard Shaw.

Indian literature differs from that of the Western literature in both- themes and style of narration. Indian literature mostly focusses on the realistic portrayal of the issues that are prevalent in the society. Obedience, morality, bravery, and human values are some of the most recurring themes in Indian literature. Rabindranath Tagore , Sarojini Naidu, and Premchand are some of the most popular literary legends of India.


Every state in India has a distinct culture and hence, the dressing styles differ from one region to another. For instance, the attire worn in Rajasthan is widely different from the one worn in the southern state of Kerala . Most of the people in many states prefer the traditional attire that is saree for women and kurta, dothi for men.

People in the Western countries wear clothes which are perceived to be more modern than Indian clothes. But many indigenous communities in the West still take pride in their traditional clothing, which embodies their rich culture and history. But with the advent of globalization, people all over the world are adapting to a universal style of dressing which include jeans, skirts, t-shirts, etc. The younger generation of India is more attracted to the western style of clothing as opposed to traditional wear .

Suggested read –  Diversity Among The Traditional Dress of India (Infographic)


Though most of the modern families in India are mostly nuclear in contemporary times, this was not the case some years ago. Earlier, Indian families were mostly joint families, with every member of the family living under the same roof. The concept of arranged marriages , which is very popular in India, would undoubtedly be unheard of in the western countries.


The Indian staple mostly comprises of rice, and the cuisine includes a wide variety of side dishes. In India, the North Indian Cuisine varies significantly from that of the South Indian Cuisine . The popular dishes of North Indian cuisine include, Parathas, Pani Puri, Chole Bature, among others. While South Indian cuisine includes dishes such as, Dosa, Sambhar, Payasam, and Sadhya.

In western countries, food habits are quite distinct. The western cuisine is a mixture of various food cultures such as the European cuisine, North American cuisine, Mexican Cuisine, and more, Each of these cuisines are quite different from the other. The most popular dishes of the European cuisine include, the Arancini, Pierogi, and Palatschinken, while the Mexican cuisine is popular for its Tacos and Burritos. The people of the Western countries mostly prefer wheat over rice. Hence it forms a major part of their diet.

In almost every aspect of life, these cultures have their specific perspectives and practices, which suit their land and lifestyle. From the music they listen to, their dressing style, and the food they consume, everything highlights the differences which are prevalent between both the cultures.

Each culture is unique and beautiful in its own way. The Indian Culture vs Western Culture debate may never see its end. But it is up to the individual to choose the right elements from each culture, and incorporate that in their life.

Image credits: The copyright for the images used in this article belong to their respective owners. Best known credits are given under the image. For changing the image credit or to get the image removed from Caleidoscope, please contact us.


Really great article. was searching for such detailed article and found this one. Thank you

Thanks Vandana!

Great article! Im sure it will help me in debate…

Thanks Manoj, All the best for your debate 🙂

Well explained…!

Thanks Richita 🙂

Tx It’s definitely helpful

Thanks, All the best 🙂

Great article! i was reading it for my debate i hope it helps thanks!

You cant decide with food, dance and music, but culture must uplift and protect human values, including those animals, rivers, and nature which depend on us. If any society because of its culture uplifts its habitant would be the “best culture ” but the culture which kills women for working, girls for dating, man for eating than it wont be the BEST for the least to say.

Hey Amar, every culture has good and bad elements. Most of the time good cultural practices are manipulated for personal benefits of a person or community. So why take the negatives better be proud of all the good things we have in our culture and make ourself better human beings.

Thank you so much…..very helpful

Thanks Florence, glad you found the info useful 🙂

This is the best article about Indian Culture. Personally i visited various websites about some informative information but when i saw this article my problems solved. Hats off to ur effort for helping you and this is gonna rock in debate. Thank You

Thanks Jashwanth, All the best for your debate 🙂

Thanks you so much that s very knowledgeable topic….

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Indian Culture vs Western Culture: Difference and Comparison

Indian culture emphasizes collectivism, familial ties, and spiritual traditions, rooted in ancient rituals and customs. Western culture prioritizes individualism, innovation, and personal freedoms, with a strong emphasis on secularism and progressivism.

Key Takeaways Indian Culture places great importance on traditions, customs, and family values, whereas Western Culture values individuality, freedom, and self-expression. In Indian Culture, religion plays a significant role in daily life, while in Western Culture, religion is considered a personal choice. Indian Culture has a collectivist approach to social interaction, while Western Culture is more individualistic and emphasizes personal achievement.

Indian Culture vs. Western Culture

Indian culture is the old, more diverse culture. People of India follow Indian culture, which includes Hindi as the most spoken Language and various religions like Hinduism, Islam, etc. The culture followed in Western countries is modern, having English as the most spoken language. 

Indian Culture vs Western Culture

Comparison Table

What is indian culture.

Indian culture is a vibrant tapestry woven from the threads of its ancient civilization, spanning over thousands of years. It encompasses a rich diversity of customs, traditions, languages, religions, arts, and philosophies, making it one of the most intricate and fascinating cultures in the world.

Historical Roots

The roots of Indian culture can be traced back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished around 2500 BCE. This civilization, known for its advanced urban planning, trade networks, and sophisticated drainage systems, laid the foundation for many cultural practices still observed in India today.

Over millennia, Indian culture evolved through interactions with various dynasties, empires, and religions, including the Vedic period, Mauryan Empire, Gupta Empire, Islamic rule, and British colonialism. Each era contributed to the synthesis and enrichment of Indian traditions, blending indigenous customs with foreign influences.

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Key Features and Values

Spirituality and Religion : Spirituality is deeply ingrained in Indian culture, with a myriad of religious beliefs coexisting harmoniously. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Islam are among the major religions practiced in India, each with its own sacred texts, rituals, and philosophies. The pursuit of spiritual enlightenment and the concept of karma (the law of cause and effect) are central tenets that shape Indian worldview.

Family and Social Structure : Indian society places a strong emphasis on familial bonds and social hierarchies. Extended families live together and play a crucial role in providing emotional support, childcare, and financial assistance. Respect for elders, obedience to authority, and adherence to traditional gender roles are commonly observed values within Indian families.

Arts and Literature : Indian culture boasts a rich artistic heritage, encompassing classical dance forms such as Bharatanatyam, Kathak, and Odissi, as well as traditional music genres like Hindustani and Carnatic. Literature in India spans ancient texts like the Vedas, Upanishads, and epics such as the Mahabharata and Ramayana, to modern works by acclaimed authors like Rabindranath Tagore and R.K. Narayan.

Celebrations and Festivals : Festivals form an integral part of Indian culture, serving as occasions for communal gatherings, religious observance, and cultural expression. Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Durga Puja, and Navratri are just a few examples of the diverse festivals celebrated across India, each marked by distinctive rituals, feasting, and revelry.

Influence and Global Impact

Indian culture has left an indelible mark on the world stage, influencing literature, philosophy, art, cuisine, and spirituality across continents. The spread of yoga, Ayurveda, Bollywood cinema, and Indian cuisine exemplifies the global reach and appeal of Indian cultural exports, fostering cross-cultural exchange and appreciation.

indian culture

What is Western Culture?

Western culture refers to the social, artistic, philosophical, and political norms and values that have emerged primarily from Western Europe and North America. It encompasses a wide array of traditions, beliefs, and practices that have evolved over centuries, influencing societies across the globe.

Historical Development

The roots of Western culture can be traced back to ancient Greece and Rome, where foundational concepts of democracy, philosophy, and art laid the groundwork for Western civilization. The Middle Ages saw the rise of Christianity as a dominant cultural force, shaping moral values, artistic expression, and political institutions across Europe.

The Renaissance period witnessed a revival of classical learning and a flourishing of arts and sciences, marking a pivotal moment in Western cultural history. The Enlightenment further propelled the advancement of reason, individualism, and secularism, challenging traditional authority and paving the way for modernity.

Individualism and Personal Freedom : Western culture places a strong emphasis on individual rights, freedoms, and autonomy. Concepts such as democracy, human rights, and free speech are fundamental principles that underpin Western societies. The pursuit of personal fulfillment, self-expression, and achievement is highly valued, shaping lifestyles and aspirations.

Innovation and Progress : Innovation and progress are central to Western culture, driving scientific discoveries, technological advancements, and economic prosperity. The spirit of inquiry, experimentation, and entrepreneurship fuels a culture of innovation that has led to groundbreaking developments in fields such as medicine, engineering, and information technology.

Secularism and Pluralism : Western societies embrace secularism, separating religion from governance and promoting religious tolerance and pluralism. The separation of church and state ensures the protection of individual beliefs and the promotion of diversity within a multicultural framework. Secular values such as equality, justice, and inclusivity serve as guiding principles in Western legal and political systems.

Pop Culture and Mass Media : Western culture exerts a significant influence on global popular culture through mass media, entertainment, and consumerism. Hollywood films, music, fashion, and digital platforms shape trends and preferences worldwide, reflecting and reinforcing Western cultural values and lifestyles.

Western culture has had a profound impact on the world, spreading through colonization, globalization, and technological innovation. The English language has become a lingua franca of international communication, while Western legal systems, educational models, and political ideologies have been adopted and adapted in diverse contexts.

Western cultural exports, including literature, cinema, music, and fashion, enjoy widespread popularity and recognition, contributing to cultural homogenization and hybridization. However, Western cultural hegemony has also sparked debates about cultural imperialism, authenticity, and cultural appropriation, highlighting the complexities of cultural exchange in a globalized world.

western culture

Main Differences Between Indian Culture and Western Culture

  • Indian culture emphasizes collectivism, where family and community ties are prioritized over individual needs.
  • Western culture, on the other hand, promotes individualism, valuing personal freedoms, autonomy, and self-expression.
  • Indian culture is deeply rooted in spirituality, with diverse religious beliefs and practices shaping everyday life and societal norms.
  • Western culture tends towards secularism, separating religion from governance and promoting a more diverse range of beliefs and worldviews.
  • Indian society adheres to traditional social hierarchies, respecting authority, elders, and familial obligations.
  • Western societies value equality, meritocracy, and social mobility, with less emphasis on hierarchical structures and more focus on individual achievement.
  • Indian culture tends to preserve traditional customs, rituals, and values, with a deep reverence for ancient wisdom and heritage.
  • Western culture values innovation, progress, and scientific advancement, challenging traditional norms and embracing change and experimentation.
  • Indian communities are closely knit, with strong bonds among extended families and neighbors, providing social support and collective decision-making.
  • Western societies prioritize independence and personal autonomy, with individuals making decisions based on their own interests and preferences, sometimes leading to a more fragmented sense of community.
  • Indian culture may exhibit a more flexible approach to time, with events and gatherings starting late and a focus on the present moment rather than strict adherence to schedules.
  • Western culture tends to be more punctual and structured, with a greater emphasis on planning, efficiency, and time management.
  • Indian cultural expressions include classical music, dance, literature, and art forms deeply rooted in tradition and spirituality.
  • Western cultural expressions encompass a wide range of artistic styles and genres, from classical music and theater to contemporary art and experimental forms, reflecting diverse cultural influences and perspectives.
  • Indian cuisine is diverse and vegetarian, with a wide array of spices, flavors, and regional specialties reflecting the country’s culinary heritage.
  • Western cuisine varies greatly across regions but includes a heavier emphasis on meat, dairy, and processed foods, with different cultural influences shaping dietary preferences and culinary traditions.
  • In Indian culture, education is highly valued and viewed as a means of upward social mobility, with an emphasis on academic achievement and respect for teachers and scholars.
  • Western education systems prioritize critical thinking, creativity, and independent inquiry, encouraging students to question authority and explore diverse perspectives.

Difference Between X and Y 2023 04 19T123823.274

  • https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/09544780710730014/full/html
  • https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/15453/bulletin1591955smit.pdf

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21 thoughts on “indian culture vs western culture: difference and comparison”.

This article effectively outlines the key disparities between Indian and Western cultures with a well-researched approach. It’s enlightening.

Yes, it’s refreshing to see such an in-depth and informative discussion about these cultural differences.

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I find the comparison between Indian and Western cultures compelling. It’s fascinating to consider how each culture shapes its society and values.

The article effectively highlights the nuanced differences between Indian and Western cultures, offering valuable insights for reflection.

Well-articulated comparisons that underscore the significance of cultural awareness and appreciation.

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IndiaFacts - Truth be told

Traditional Hindu vs. Western perspectives

There are many who claim that Hinduism is a way of life, not a religion. The meaning of this statement, however, needs to be understood correctly.

indian culture vs western culture essay in english

When one studies any topic in the world, there exist two distinct entities – the one who is studying (Study-er) and the studied (Object of study) The topic being studied may be a language or a branch of pure science/technology, or a more abstract science, such as psychology or a scriptural text. The more the Study-er is able separate himself from the subject being studied, the more ‘objective’ he is said to be, and therefore, the more accurate his understanding and evaluation of the topic. This is how we are taught to be ‘scientific’ in our thinking, and examine all phenomena with this type of ‘objectivity’.

What happens when the topic of study is not something in the World of Objects, but the very nature of the subject, the Study-er? Would it be possible for the one doing the study to maintain this type of ‘objectivity’ when the topic under study is NOT an object of the universe? Would one engaged in study with this kind of objectivity be able to understand the nature of the subject, the Self? Would this Subject-Object distinction be an advantage or would it hamper the study?

The Hindu perspective

There are many who claim that Hinduism [1]   is a way of life, not a religion. The meaning of this statement, however, needs to be understood correctly.

According to the vision of Vedanta, there is only one goal of human life – to get rid of this life! Every human being – be he an Eskimo or a bushman from Kalahari, or from anywhere in between — is burdened with the irreconcilable feeling “In this life, I am limited” This is what impels every human being to continue to act, in an attempt to rid oneself of this felt sense of limitation, a sense of incompleteness.

The Hindu vision is that the only way to get rid of this sense of limitation (and consequent actions that result in one being a samsari ) is if, in reality, one IS limitless, purnah . This truth is covered over, and in its place a false identity is projected. The result — one takes himself to be limited. Therefore, freeing one from this sense of incompleteness is essentially one of uncovering the truth and discovering the nature of the self, called moksha .

Ancient Hindus created everything to help humans prepare oneself for this discovery. Language, social divisions by one’s nature of work, learning, placing a well-considered, but limited value on worldly achievements, structured progression in life, institutions such as marriage were all designed to allow everyone to move towards this goal. They created a society where competition did not distract one from the real goal, where growth opportunities were within one’s own field of work; where one could attain a state of maturity that allowed little or no conflict within. Even when an individual did not have clarity about the human goal, the lifestyle allowed him to prepare himself through following the prescribed path and using elders and the learned to allay any doubts along the way.

Every learning process, every study, every research was viewed from the perspective of this human goal of life, even if it was not so obvious to the person concerned . One is in reality searching for the nature of the Self in any study, just as every human being is seeking moksha in every desire, every goal and in every action towards that goal, even without realising it.

“In truth, Indians always regarded life as a manifestation of the self and the master idea that governed life, culture and social ideals of India has been the seeking of man for his inner self; everything was organised around this single goal” says Francois Gautier, in his book, History of India as it happened.

The typical Western perspective

The western mind, not having been exposed to the universal human goal of moksha , tends to examine everything with the myopic vision of the world as they see it. The goals are all limited to what is in the universe or, at best, an unverifiable something that one somehow hopes to attain. Among these there are many, who become respected scholars of ancient texts and languages. They produce works of great erudition, analysing many issues of knowledge and classifying them in different ways. They also propound path breaking hypothesis and theories, but fail to appreciate the Vision and moksha as the purpose of life. To that extent their works remain incomplete. Swami Chinmayananda points out that the difference between the Hindu perspective of any study and that of the others is the difference between wisdom and knowledge.

Such a perspective is not only because one is born in the Western world and has always been taught to look at the world with the senses of the observer observing the observed. Modern science tells us that the observer of a phenomenon influences the very phenomenon itself. How then can different observers and analysts of the same phenomenon maintain that they are being ‘objective’ in their studies and assert that the observations each has made and the conclusions each has drawn from these observations are the ‘truth’?

India has had the Western system of education thrust upon it by invaders (One may be generous and assume that they thought it was the better way to learn and live life. History, however, suggests that at least some of it was done deliberately to eradicate the well- established culture and learning methods of India). Later, many Indians warmly embraced that system of education and accepted the teaching to the detriment of the history and culture of India, and lost value for the Hindu perspective. In the words of Francois Gautier “In a gist, they will be the ones, who are always looking at the west for approval and forever perceive India through the western prism”

Many educated Indians today have been strongly influenced by the western education system that is prevalent even now in India (or have studied in the west) and have lost much of the significance of the ancient system. Most of them swear by the superiority of the ‘knowledge’ acquired through their education, without ever having learnt or understood the vision of the Hindus. Rajiv Malhotra, the noted Indologist says such people exhibit an intellect that is still not freed from colonisation.

This difference between the two perspectives becomes even starker when one studies shruti texts, the Vedas . Sri Aurobindo elaborates on this: “The problem is that the translations ( of the upanisads ) do not render the beauty of the original text, because these masterpieces have been misunderstood by foreign translators, who only strive to bring out the intellectual meaning without grasping the soul contents of it and do not perceive the ecstasy of the seer ‘seeing’ his experiences ”

To the Hindu way of thinking, everything is either preparation for the understanding of the nature of the self, or the actual learning about it.  All human endeavours are nothing but an unending search for the absolute truth (of the Self, of the Universe and of Isvara , God) Vedanta points out that the truth of all three is the same, call it Atma, Brhaman, Pranava or Om . Swami Dayananda Saraswati of Arsha Vidya Gurukula, one of the great masters, says “The very searching denies the sought because the searcher himself is the sought” It is with this recognition that the Indian mind, confident of the depth of the culture and understanding of its rishis (seers), perceives all knowledge.

Logic, analysis and inferences can be used to negate all that cannot possibly be the absolute truth everyone is seeking. Traditional Hindu teaching encourages questioning and debate, with the right attitude. Bhagawan Krishna says in the Bhagawad Gita [2] that one should approach a guru, who has understood reality with the right attitude, with a questioning mind, and with a bhava of seva . The gnani (or Jnani) , the one who has understood, will teach you. The questioning mind can be maintained till the point one figures out what the reality is not, removes all doubts and negates the various errors. After that, to arrive at the truth of the self, one has to have shraddha [3] and follow the traditional methods of teaching and learning.

The idea is not to belittle the works of many Western (including Indian-Western) scholars. There is a significant place and role for these. However, one should read, understand and make use of such studies, but be extremely careful when it comes to dealing with subjects such as Indian culture and history and the understanding of the Hindu texts like upanisads .

[1] The word Hinduism is being used to represent a variety of groups with some commonalities – those who worship certain common pantheon of Gods, those who allow everyone total freedom to choose who or what they will worship (or not worship), those who accept the Vedas as a valid means of knowledge, those who celebrate certain common festivals, observe some common rituals such as marriages etc., or those who look up to puranas and itihasas (Ramayana and Mahabharata) as source books on how to conduct one’s life. (This is despite the variations in different parts of this large country) This will also include the large diaspora across the world.

[2] BG, 6:34

[3] “Faith” is the closest English translation, but it’s many connotations do not convey the correct meaning of the word “ shraddha ”

Disclaimer: The facts and opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article.

Swami Ganeshaswarupananda started questioning the reality of life and the world very early in life. He went through what many people do– get a good education (IIT, Delhi,Iran Centre for Management Studies, Tehran), tasted material success, went through a phase of being known and recognised, travelled the world and observed people, customs and human interrelationships. However, fundamental questions about life and its reality kept surfacing repeatedly. He spent three and a half years living with and learning from his guru, Poojya Swami Dayananda Saraswati at a gurukulam in Anaikatti in Southern India. He now lives a life of study and teaching.

What Is The Differences? .

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Difference Between Indian Culture And Western Culture?

what is thedifferences between indian culture and western culture

Indian culture and Western culture are two distinct and rich traditions that have evolved over centuries. Both cultures have their unique characteristics, values, and ways of life. Understanding the differences between Indian culture and Western culture is crucial for fostering cultural appreciation and promoting cross-cultural understanding. In this article, we will explore the various aspects that differentiate these two vibrant cultures and delve into the significance they hold in their respective societies.

Table of Contents

Comparison Table

Note: The table includes 7 parameters comparing Indian culture and Western culture, covering aspects such as family structure, social hierarchy, religion, dress and fashion, food and cuisine, communication style, and education and learning.

what is thedifferences between indian culture and western culture

What is the Indian Culture?

What is the western culture.

Western culture refers to the cultural traditions, values, customs, and practices that have developed in Western societies, primarily in Europe and North America. It encompasses a wide range of aspects including art, literature, music, philosophy, science, technology, political systems, social norms, and lifestyle choices. Western culture has been heavily influenced by ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, Christianity, the Enlightenment period, and the Industrial Revolution. It is characterized by individualism, secularism, democracy, scientific advancements, emphasis on personal freedoms and human rights, and a market-oriented economy. Western culture places importance on individual achievement, innovation, critical thinking, and the pursuit of knowledge. It has contributed significantly to various fields such as literature, music, visual arts, architecture, cinema, and technological advancements. Western culture is diverse and dynamic, reflecting the changing values and trends of modern societies.

Difference Between Indian Culture And Western Culture

Indian culture and Western culture differ significantly in several aspects, including customs, traditions, social norms, values, and beliefs. Let’s examine these differences in detail.

1. Family Structure and Dynamics

In Indian culture, the family is considered the cornerstone of society. Extended families often live together and play an integral role in daily life. Respect for elders, filial piety, and strong family bonds are deeply ingrained values in Indian culture. On the other hand, Western culture tends to prioritize individualism and nuclear families, where immediate family members live separately and are self-reliant.

2. Social Hierarchy

Indian culture places great importance on social hierarchy and respect for authority. The caste system, although officially abolished, still influences social interactions to some extent. Western culture, in contrast, emphasizes equality and individual rights, valuing meritocracy and equal opportunities.

3. Religion and Spirituality

Religion is a significant part of Indian culture, with Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and Christianity being the major religions. Spirituality permeates various aspects of life, and religious festivals and rituals hold immense importance. Western culture, on the other hand, is predominantly influenced by Christianity but is characterized by a greater diversity of religious beliefs and a more secular approach.

4. Dress and Fashion

Traditional attire plays a crucial role in Indian culture. Vibrant and colorful garments, such as sarees, salwar kameez, and dhotis, are commonly worn, reflecting the diversity and regional variations in clothing styles. In Western culture, there is greater emphasis on individual expression, and fashion trends are constantly evolving, with a wide range of styles and influences.

5. Food and Cuisine

Indian cuisine is known for its rich flavors, aromatic spices, and diverse regional dishes. The use of herbs and spices, such as turmeric, cumin, and cardamom, creates unique and tantalizing flavors. Western cuisine, on the other hand, encompasses a wide variety of culinary traditions, including Mediterranean, French, Italian, and American, with an emphasis on diverse ingredients and cooking techniques.

6. Communication Style

Indian culture places great importance on indirect communication and non-verbal cues. Respectful and polite language is valued, and hierarchical relationships influence communication dynamics. In Western culture, direct communication is more common, with emphasis on clarity and assertiveness.

7. Education and Learning

In Indian culture, education is highly valued and considered a pathway to success. There is a strong emphasis on academic achievement, and professions like engineering and medicine are highly sought after. Western culture places importance on a well-rounded education that encourages critical thinking, creativity, and a broad range of skills.

8. Concept of Time

Indian culture tends to have a more relaxed approach to time, with flexibility and adaptability being valued. Punctuality is not as strictly adhered to compared to Western culture, where time management is highly valued, and schedules are meticulously followed.

9. Social Etiquette

Social etiquette varies significantly between Indian culture and Western culture. In India, respect for elders, hospitality, and maintaining harmony in social interactions are highly valued. In Western culture, individualism and personal boundaries are emphasized, and direct communication is often preferred.

10. Entertainment and Arts

Indian culture has a rich heritage of performing arts, including classical music, dance forms like Bharatanatyam and Kathak, and traditional storytelling. Western culture has contributed immensely to the world of cinema, music, literature, and theater, with a focus on individual creativity and artistic expression.

In conclusion, Indian culture and Western culture possess distinct characteristics that stem from their historical, social, and religious backgrounds. Recognizing and understanding these differences is vital for fostering cultural appreciation and promoting harmony in an increasingly interconnected world. By embracing the diversity and richness of both Indian culture and Western culture, we can bridge gaps, cultivate understanding, and celebrate the beauty of human civilization.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

FAQ 1: What are the main differences between Indian culture and Western culture?

The main differences between Indian culture and Western culture encompass family structure, social hierarchy, religion, dress, cuisine, communication style, education, concept of time, social etiquette, and entertainment.

FAQ 2: How does Indian culture differ from Western culture in terms of family dynamics?

Indian culture emphasizes strong family bonds and extended family living arrangements, while Western culture prioritizes individualism and nuclear families.

FAQ 3: What are the major religions in Indian culture?

Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and Christianity are the major religions in Indian culture.

FAQ 4: What are some distinctive features of Indian cuisine?

Indian cuisine is renowned for its vibrant flavors, aromatic spices, and diverse regional dishes. The use of herbs and spices creates unique and tantalizing tastes.

FAQ 5: How does communication style differ between Indian culture and Western culture?

Indian culture tends to have an indirect communication style, valuing non-verbal cues and respectful language. Western culture favors direct communication with an emphasis on clarity and assertiveness.

FAQ 6: What is the significance of education in Indian culture?

Education holds great significance in Indian culture, with a strong emphasis on academic achievement and the pursuit of professions like engineering and medicine.

  • https://india.delaware.gov/about-indian-culture/
  • https://culturalatlas.sbs.com.au/indian-culture/indian-culture-core-concepts
  • https://helpfulprofessor.com/western-culture-examples/
  • https://study.com/academy/lesson/modern-western-culture-social-life.html

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Indian Culture Essay

India is renowned throughout the world for its tradition and culture. It is a country with many different cultures and traditions. The world's ancient civilisations can be found in this country. Good manners, etiquette, civilised dialogue, customs, beliefs, values, etc., are essential elements of Indian culture . India is a special country because of the ability of its citizens from many cultures and traditions to live together in harmony. Here are a few sample essays on ‘Indian culture’.

Indian Culture Essay

100 Words Essay on Indian Culture

India's culture is the oldest in the world and dates back over 5,000 years. The first and greatest cultures in the world are regarded as being those of India. The phrase "Unity in Diversity" refers to India as a diverse nation where people of many religions coexist while maintaining their distinct customs. People of different religions have different languages, culinary customs, ceremonies, etc and yet they all live in harmony.

Hindi is India's official language. However, there are 400 other languages regularly spoken in India's many states and territories, in addition to the country's nearly 22 recognised languages. History has established India as the country where religions like Buddhism and Hinduism first emerged.

200 Words Essay on Indian Culture

India is a land of diverse cultures, religions, languages, and traditions. The rich cultural heritage of India is a result of its long history and the various invasions and settlements that have occurred in the country. Indian culture is a melting pot of various customs and traditions, which have been passed down from generation to generation.

Religion | Religion plays a significant role in Indian culture. The major religions practiced in India are Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism. Each religion has its own set of beliefs, customs, and practices. Hinduism, the oldest religion in India, is the dominant religion and has a vast array of gods and goddesses. Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism are also widely practiced and have a significant number of followers in the country.

Food | Indian cuisine is known for its diverse range of flavors and spices. Each region in India has its own unique style of cooking and distinct dishes. Indian cuisine is known for its use of spices, herbs, and a variety of cooking techniques. Some of the most famous Indian dishes include biryani, curry, tandoori chicken, and dal makhani. Indian cuisine is also famous for its street food, which is a popular and affordable way to experience the diverse range of flavors that Indian food has to offer.

500 Words Essay on Indian Culture

Indian culture is known for its rich art and architecture. The ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which existed around 2500 BCE, had a sophisticated system of town planning and impressive architectural structures. Indian art is diverse and includes painting, sculpture, and architecture. The most famous form of Indian art is the cave paintings of Ajanta and Ellora, which date back to the 2nd century BCE. Indian architecture is also famous for its temples, palaces, and forts, which are a reflection of the rich cultural heritage of the country.

Music and dance are an integral part of Indian culture . Indian music is diverse and ranges from classical to folk to modern. The classical music of India is known for its use of ragas, which are a set of musical notes that are used to create a melody. The traditional Indian dance forms include Kathak, Bharatanatyam, and Kathakali. These dance forms are known for their elaborate costumes, expressive gestures, and intricate footwork.

My Experience

I had always been fascinated by the rich culture and history of India. So, when I finally got the opportunity to visit the country, I was beyond excited. I had heard so much about the diverse customs and traditions of India, and I couldn't wait to experience them firsthand. The moment I stepped off the plane and hit the streets, I was greeted by the overwhelming smell of spices and the hustle and bustle of the streets. I knew right away that I was in for an unforgettable journey.

My first stop was the ancient city of Varanasi, also known as Banaras. As I walked through the streets, I was struck by the vibrant colors and the sound of temple bells and chants. I visited the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple and was amazed by the intricate architecture and the devotion of the devotees.

From Varanasi, I traveled to Jaipur, also known as the Pink City . Here, I visited the famous Amber Fort, which was built in the 16th century. The fort was a perfect example of the rich architecture of India and the level of craftsmanship that existed in ancient India.

As I continued my journey, I also had the opportunity to experience the food of India. From the spicy curries of the south to the tandoori dishes of the north, I was blown away by the range of flavors and the use of spices.

I also had the chance to experience the music and dance of India. I attended a Kathak dance performance and was mesmerized by the intricate footwork and the expressiveness of the dancers. I also had the opportunity to attend a classical music concert and was struck by the beauty of the ragas and the skill of the musicians.

My journey through India was truly an unforgettable experience. I had the chance to experience the diverse customs and traditions of India and was struck by the richness of the culture. From the ancient temples to the vibrant street markets, India is a treasure trove of history and culture. I knew that this would not be my last trip to India, as there is so much more to explore and experience.

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Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

GIS officer work on various GIS software to conduct a study and gather spatial and non-spatial information. GIS experts update the GIS data and maintain it. The databases include aerial or satellite imagery, latitudinal and longitudinal coordinates, and manually digitized images of maps. In a career as GIS expert, one is responsible for creating online and mobile maps.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Database Architect

If you are intrigued by the programming world and are interested in developing communications networks then a career as database architect may be a good option for you. Data architect roles and responsibilities include building design models for data communication networks. Wide Area Networks (WANs), local area networks (LANs), and intranets are included in the database networks. It is expected that database architects will have in-depth knowledge of a company's business to develop a network to fulfil the requirements of the organisation. Stay tuned as we look at the larger picture and give you more information on what is db architecture, why you should pursue database architecture, what to expect from such a degree and what your job opportunities will be after graduation. Here, we will be discussing how to become a data architect. Students can visit NIT Trichy , IIT Kharagpur , JMI New Delhi . 

Remote Sensing Technician

Individuals who opt for a career as a remote sensing technician possess unique personalities. Remote sensing analysts seem to be rational human beings, they are strong, independent, persistent, sincere, realistic and resourceful. Some of them are analytical as well, which means they are intelligent, introspective and inquisitive. 

Remote sensing scientists use remote sensing technology to support scientists in fields such as community planning, flight planning or the management of natural resources. Analysing data collected from aircraft, satellites or ground-based platforms using statistical analysis software, image analysis software or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a significant part of their work. Do you want to learn how to become remote sensing technician? There's no need to be concerned; we've devised a simple remote sensing technician career path for you. Scroll through the pages and read.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.


An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Finance Executive

Product manager.

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Stock Analyst

Individuals who opt for a career as a stock analyst examine the company's investments makes decisions and keep track of financial securities. The nature of such investments will differ from one business to the next. Individuals in the stock analyst career use data mining to forecast a company's profits and revenues, advise clients on whether to buy or sell, participate in seminars, and discussing financial matters with executives and evaluate annual reports.

A Researcher is a professional who is responsible for collecting data and information by reviewing the literature and conducting experiments and surveys. He or she uses various methodological processes to provide accurate data and information that is utilised by academicians and other industry professionals. Here, we will discuss what is a researcher, the researcher's salary, types of researchers.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Safety Manager

A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.

Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

Structural Engineer

A Structural Engineer designs buildings, bridges, and other related structures. He or she analyzes the structures and makes sure the structures are strong enough to be used by the people. A career as a Structural Engineer requires working in the construction process. It comes under the civil engineering discipline. A Structure Engineer creates structural models with the help of computer-aided design software. 

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Field Surveyor

Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Veterinary Doctor

Speech therapist, gynaecologist.

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Are you searching for an ‘Anatomist job description’? An Anatomist is a research professional who applies the laws of biological science to determine the ability of bodies of various living organisms including animals and humans to regenerate the damaged or destroyed organs. If you want to know what does an anatomist do, then read the entire article, where we will answer all your questions.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.


Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication) , B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media) , or  MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

Process Development Engineer

The Process Development Engineers design, implement, manufacture, mine, and other production systems using technical knowledge and expertise in the industry. They use computer modeling software to test technologies and machinery. An individual who is opting career as Process Development Engineer is responsible for developing cost-effective and efficient processes. They also monitor the production process and ensure it functions smoothly and efficiently.

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

ITSM Manager

Automation test engineer.

An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process. 

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Indian Culture vs. Western Culture: What's the Difference?

indian culture vs western culture essay in english

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  • Understanding Indian Culture: A Journey Through Time
  • World Cultures

Welcome to a journey through the rich and diverse culture of India. From its ancient traditions to modern influences , this article will take you on an exploration of the customs, beliefs, and practices that have shaped Indian society over thousands of years. Situated in the heart of Asia, India is a land of vibrant colors, exotic flavors, and deep-rooted traditions. With its many religions, languages, and cultures, India is a melting pot of diversity and has a unique identity that sets it apart from the rest of the world.

In this article, we will delve into the history, customs, and values that make up the fabric of Indian culture. So, join us as we embark on a journey through time to understand the essence of Indian culture, its evolution, and its significance in today's world. Welcome to the vibrant and diverse world of Indian culture. In this article, we will take you on a journey through time to understand the rich heritage and significance of Indian culture. From ancient civilizations to modern-day practices, we will cover everything you need to know about this fascinating culture. India has a long and complex history, with evidence of human settlements dating back to 75,000 years ago.

The first major civilization in India was the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. This advanced society had well-planned cities, a sophisticated drainage system, and a writing system that is yet to be deciphered. The legacy of this civilization can still be seen in modern-day India, particularly in the northwestern region. In the centuries that followed, India saw the rise and fall of many dynasties, each leaving their mark on the country's culture. The Mauryan Empire (322 BCE-185 BCE) was one of the first major empires in India, established by Chandragupta Maurya.

Under the rule of Emperor Ashoka, it became one of the largest empires in the world at that time and played a crucial role in spreading Buddhism across Asia. The Gupta Empire (320 CE-550 CE) is considered the Golden Age of India, known for its advancements in science, mathematics, art, and literature. It was during this time that Hinduism became the dominant religion in India. The Mughal Empire (1526 CE-1857 CE) was another significant period in Indian history, with its capital in Delhi. Under the rule of Emperor Akbar, it saw a fusion of Indian and Persian cultures, resulting in magnificent architecture and art forms like the Taj Mahal and miniature paintings. Religion plays a significant role in Indian culture, with a diverse population practicing various faiths. Hinduism is the predominant religion, with over 80% of the population identifying as Hindus.

Buddhism, founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama, also has a significant following, particularly in the northern and eastern regions. Islam, brought to India by traders and Sufi saints, is the second-largest religion, followed by Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism. Indian society is deeply rooted in customs and traditions that have been passed down for generations. Festivals are an integral part of Indian culture, with each region and religion having its own unique celebrations. Diwali, Holi, Eid, and Christmas are some of the major festivals celebrated throughout the country. Food is another essential aspect of Indian culture, with each region having its own distinct cuisine.

Spices play a crucial role in Indian cuisine, adding flavor and aroma to dishes. Staple foods include rice, wheat, lentils, and vegetables, with a variety of meat and seafood dishes also available. Clothing in India is diverse and varies based on region, climate, and occasion. Traditional clothing for women includes sarees, salwar kameez, and lehengas, while men typically wear dhotis, kurta-pajamas, or sherwanis. Modern fashion trends have also influenced Indian clothing styles. The art and architecture of India are known for their intricate designs and vibrant colors.

Traditions and Customs

These traditions are deeply rooted in the country's history, religion, and social structures, and they play a significant role in shaping the lives of its people. From daily rituals to festive celebrations, every aspect of Indian culture is infused with a unique set of customs and traditions. One of the most prominent customs in Indian culture is the emphasis on family and community. Family ties are highly valued, and extended families often live together in the same household. This close-knit structure is reflected in various customs and traditions, such as joint family meals and celebrations. Religion also plays a crucial role in shaping Indian customs and traditions.

With a diverse population practicing various religions, India is a melting pot of customs and beliefs. From the colorful festivals of Hinduism to the serene rituals of Buddhism, each religion brings its unique set of customs to the table. The concept of hospitality is another essential aspect of Indian culture. Guests are treated with utmost respect and are considered a part of the family. This tradition is deeply ingrained in the culture, and it is not uncommon for strangers to be invited into homes for a meal or celebration. The concept of karma and reincarnation is also a significant influence on Indian customs and traditions.

Modern Influences

With the rise of social media, the spread of Western fashion and music, and the increasing popularity of English as a language, the traditional values and customs of Indian culture are gradually being replaced by more modern and westernized influences. One of the most noticeable changes in Indian culture is the shift towards a more individualistic society. With the increase in education and job opportunities, young Indians are becoming more independent and are breaking away from traditional family structures. This has led to a change in social dynamics, with a focus on personal growth and success. Modernization has also impacted Indian cuisine, with the introduction of fast food chains and processed foods. Traditional dishes are being replaced by more convenient and accessible options, leading to changes in eating habits and health concerns. Another aspect of Indian culture that has been influenced by modernization is religion.

Religion and Spirituality

With over 1.3 billion people, India is home to multiple religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Islam, and Christianity. Each religion has its unique set of beliefs, rituals, and practices that contribute to the rich tapestry of Indian culture. Hinduism is the predominant religion in India, with around 80% of the population identifying as Hindus. It is a complex and diverse religion that encompasses a wide range of beliefs and practices. The key principles of Hinduism are dharma (duty), karma (action), samsara (reincarnation), and moksha (liberation).Buddhism, which originated in India, is another major religion followed by millions of people in the country.

It emphasizes the importance of achieving enlightenment through meditation and living a moral life. Jainism, one of the oldest religions in the world, promotes non-violence and compassion towards all living beings. Its followers believe in the concept of ahimsa (non-harming) and follow a strict vegetarian diet. Sikhism, founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak, is a monotheistic religion that emphasizes equality and service to others. Its followers believe in the concept of one God and reject the caste system. Islam is the second-largest religion in India, with around 200 million followers. It was brought to India by Arab traders and flourished under the Mughal Empire.

The religion follows the teachings of Prophet Muhammad and emphasizes the importance of prayer, charity, and submission to God. Christianity was introduced to India by Saint Thomas in the 1st century and has since spread across the country. It is the third-largest religion in India, with over 28 million followers. Christians in India come from a variety of backgrounds and belong to different denominations, including Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox. Religion in India is not just a set of beliefs and practices; it is a way of life. It influences every aspect of society, from festivals and rituals to food and dress.

A Glimpse Into History

It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya and became one of the largest empires in ancient India. The Mauryan rulers were known for their religious tolerance and administrative efficiency. The Gupta Empire, which ruled from 320 CE to 550 CE, is considered the golden age of Indian culture. It was a time of great prosperity, advancements in science and mathematics, and flourishing art and literature. The Mughal Empire, which reigned from the 16th to 19th centuries, had a significant impact on Indian culture. The Mughals brought with them their own customs and traditions, which blended with the existing Indian culture to create a unique fusion.

They also left behind some of the most magnificent architectural marvels, such as the Taj Mahal. Today, India is a diverse mix of various cultures, religions, and traditions, all of which have been shaped by its rich history. From the vibrant festivals to the mouth-watering cuisine, every aspect of Indian culture has a story to tell. By exploring the different dynasties and empires that have ruled India, we can gain a deeper understanding of the country's cultural heritage and its significance in the modern world. As we come to the end of our journey, we hope that you have gained a deeper understanding and appreciation for Indian culture. It is a land of rich heritage, diverse beliefs, and vibrant traditions. Whether you are interested in history , religion , or modern-day influences, India has something to offer for everyone.

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Essay on Indian Culture in 500 Words

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  • Dec 5, 2023

Essay on Indian Culture

Did you know that Indian culture is one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world? Mark Twain once said, ‘India is the one land that all men desire to see, and having seen once, even a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for all the shows of all the rest of the globe combined.’ Indian culture is known for its rich beauty, traditional values, ethics, and social norms.

indian culture vs western culture essay in english

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‘We should proudly follow our cultural and traditional values, as they connect us to our age-old customs and what our culture means to us. India’s ethno-linguistically diverse culture has always been successful in catching global attention. Popular festivals like Diwali, Holi, Navratri, etc. are not only celebrated in India but also in other parts of the world.’

Also Read: Essay on Festivals

Why is Indian Culture Famous?

India’s rich and diverse culture has always attracted people from different parts of the world. A series of factors are responsible for Indian culture’s popularity, which include;

  • Cultural diversity all over the country. 
  • Variety of religious and spiritual practices. 
  • Connections with the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, which is one of the oldest civilizations.
  • Concepts like yoga and meditation, which gained popularity all over the world.
  • Tradition art practices such as classical dance forms like Odissi, Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, etc. 
  • Traditional art forms like Tanjore and Madhubani paintings have gained global attention.
  • Our vibrant and colorful festivals like Diwali, Holi, Eid, etc. are celebrated in not just India but in other countries as well. 
  • Our flavourful dishes and curries like roti sabzi, dal chawal, puri halwa, samosa, biryani, mithaiya, etc. are now sold all over the world.

Also Read: Essay on Health and Fitness

Interesting Facts About Indian Culture?

There are dozens of interesting facts about Indian culture, starting from ancient civilizations to modern times.

  • One of the oldest cities in the world, Varanasi, was named the Tourism and Cultural Capital for the year 2022-23 by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
  • One of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal, is located in India, which attracts millions of tourists every year.
  • Zero (0) and decimal systems, used in mathematics, were invented in India. The modern numeral system is based on Indian numerical notations. (0,1,2,3, etc.)
  • India is home to the world’s oldest holistic healing system; Ayurveda.
  • The world’s longest epic, the Mahabharata, is based in India. This legend consists of over 1 lakh couplets (shlokas).

Also Read: Essay on Money

Things We Can Learn from Our Culture

Our culture connects us to our age-old belief system and social norms. We are born with our cultural beliefs, values, and practices. Our culture teaches us to:

  • Understand why people do things the way they want to.
  • Respecting everyone around us, especially our elders.
  • Emphasize the relationship between family and bloodline.
  • Respecting other people’s culture and traditions.
  • Reflecting on adaptability to new systems and values.
  • Connects us to our roots and gives us an identity.
  • Encourages the preservation of our traditional and historical knowledge.
  • Emphasizes generosity and hospitality towards our guests and neighbors. 
  • It focuses on creating a sense of belonging in a community and mutual support.

Also Read: Essay on Generation Gap

Paragraph on Indian Culture

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Ans: Indian culture is one of the most oldest and popular cultures in the world. Our culture is known for its rich diversity, traditional values, ethics, and social norms. We should proudly follow our cultural and traditional values, as they connect us to our age-old customs and what our culture means to us. India’s ethno-linguistically diverse culture has always been successful in catching global attention. Popular festivals like Diwali, Holi, Navratri, etc. are not only celebrated in India but also in other parts of the world.

Ans: Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world; Zero (0) and decimal systems were first used in Indian culture; Indian culture was the first one to follow the practice of Ayurveda, one of the oldest healing systems; world’s oldest legends, the Ramayana and Mahabharata, were recorded in India; and the name India is derived from a Greek word ‘Indica.’

Ans: India was ruled by various Muslim dynasties during the Medival period. They gave this land the name Hindustan, which is derived from the Persian word Hindu from the Sanskrit word Sindhu.

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  • Indian Culture and Tradition Essay


Essay on Indian Culture and Tradition

As students grow older, it is important for them to improve their understanding and hold over the language. This can be done only through consistent reading and writing. Writing an essay is a task that involves cooperation and coordination of both the mind and body. Students must be able to think as well reproduce their thoughts effectively without any confusion. This is important when it comes to writing answers and other important documents as ones go to higher classes. The art of writing effectively and efficiently can be improved by students through writing essays. To help students in this domain, Vedantu provides students with numerous essays. Students can go through the same and learn the correct manner of writing the essay. 

Indian Culture and Tradition

India enjoys a wide variety of cultural and traditional presence amongst the 28 states. Indian origin religions Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism are all based on dharma and karma. Even, India is a blessed holy place which is also a native place for most of the religions. Recently, Muslim and Christianity also practised working amongst the whole India population. The pledge also added the line, ‘India is my country, and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.’  

Indians are great with cooking; their spices are special for medicinal purposes, so visitors are difficult to adjust to with such heavy spices. The cricketers touring Indian pitches are out due to such food. Frequently, it's been observed that the sportsperson arrived in India either with cooking skills or with a cook. Spices such as cumin, turmeric and cardamom have been used for a long period, to make the dishes more delicious and nutritional. Wheat, rice and pulses help to complete the meal. The majority of the population is a vegetarian one due to their religious aspects.

Talking about the language, India is blessed with a wide range of languages used. Each state has its own language. A major part of the state is unable to speak other languages than the native one. Gujrathi, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Punjabi, Telugu and many more are the representative languages of the respective state. It's easy to recognize the person with the language he spoke. There are 15 regional languages but almost all of them Hindi is the national language of the country. Sanskrit is considered an ancient and respected language. And most of the legendary holy texts are found in Sanskrit only. Along with these, most of the people are aware of plenty of foreign languages. 

Indian clothing is adorable to most of the foreigners. Woman wearing a sari is the pride of a nation. These create a pleasant effect and she looks so beautiful that a majority of foreign country’s female want to be like her. The origin of the sari is from the temple dancers in ancient times. Sari allows them to maintain modesty and freedom of movement. On the other hand, men traditionally wear a dhoti and kurta. Actually, Dhoti is a type of cloth without any further attached work done on it. The great Mahatma Gandhi was very fond of it and in their dignity, most of the people used to wear the same. 

Apart from all the above facts, Indians are legends with arts and studious material. Shah-rukh Khan, Sachin Tendulkar, Dhirubhai Ambani, Amitabh Bachchan Rajnikant, Sundar Pichai are many more faces of India who are shining and representing India on a global scale. There are 20-30 grand festivals celebrated every year in which every festival pops up with history and respect to the respective religion. Even in terms of business, India is not behind. Agriculture is the best occupation of 70% of people in India. It’s our duty to protect the wonderful culture that we have. 

Indian culture is one of the oldest and most unique cultures known across the globe. It has various kinds of traditional values, religion, dance, festivals, music, and cloth, which varies from each state or town even. Indian art, cuisine, religion, Literature, Education, Heritage, Clothes etc has a huge impact on the whole world where everyone admires and follows it. It is known as the land of cultural diversity.  India thrives on a variety of languages, religions, and cultures due to the diverse race of people living in the country. It can be referred to as one of the world’s most culturally enriched countries. When one thinks of India, they picture colors, smiling faces of children running in the streets, bangle vendors, street food, music, religious festivals etc. 


India is a land where different religious beliefs are followed. It is the land of many religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism.  Four Indian religions namely Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism were born in India while others are not of Indian origin but have people following those faiths. The people of India keep a solid belief in religion as they believe that following a faith adds meaning and purpose to their lives as it is the way of life. The religions here are not only confined to beliefs but also include ethics, rituals, ceremonies, life philosophies and many more.


Family plays a vital role in every Indian household. Indians are known to live together as a joint family with their grandparents, uncles and aunts, and the next generation of offspring as well. The house gets passed down from family to family throughout the generations. But with the new modern age, nuclear families are starting to become more common as children go out of town into cities for work or studies and get settled there, also everyone now prefers to have their own private life without any interference. But still, the concept of family get together and family gatherings are not lost as everyone does come together frequently. 

Indian Festivals

India is well known for its traditional festivals all over the world. As it is a secular country with diversity in religions, every month some festival celebration happens. These festivals can be religious, seasonal or are of national importance. Every festival is celebrated uniquely in different ways according to their ritual as each of them has its unique importance. National festivals such as Gandhi Jayanti, Independence Day and Republic Day are celebrated by the people of India across the entire nation. Religious festivals include Diwali, Dussehra, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Zuha, Christmas, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc. All the seasonal festivals such as Baisakhi, Onam, Pongal, Bihu etc are celebrated to mark the season of harvest during two harvesting seasons, Rabi and Kharif. 

Festivals bring love, bond, cross-cultural exchange and moments of happiness among people.

Indian cuisine is known for a variety of spicy dishes, curry, rice items, sweets etc. Each cuisine includes a wide range of dishes and cooking techniques as it varies from region to region. Each region of India cooks different types of dishes using different ingredients, also food varies from every festival and culture as well. Hindus eat mostly vegetarian food items such as pulao, vegetables, daal, rajma etc whereas people from Islamic cultural backgrounds eat meat, kebabs, haleem etc. In the southernmost part of India, you will find people use a lot of coconut oil for cooking purposes, they eat a lot of rice items such as Dosa, Idli, Appam etc with Coconut chutney, sambhar.

Indian Clothing is considered to be the epitome of modesty and every style is very different in each region and state. But the two pieces of clothing that represent Indian culture are dhoti for men and saree for women. Women adorn themselves with a lot of bangles and Payal that goes around their ankles. Even clothing styles varied from different religions to regions to cultures. Muslim women preferred to wear salwar kameez whereas Christian women preferred gowns. Men mostly stuck to dhoti, lungi, shalwar and kurta.In modern days, people have changed their sense of style, men and women now wear more modern western clothes. Indian clothes are still valued but are now in more trendy and fashionable styles. 

There is no single language that is spoken all over India; however , Hindi is one common language most Indians know and can speak or understand. Every region has a different language or dialect. As per the official language act, Hindi and English are the official languages in India. Other regions or state wise languages include- Gujarati, Marathi, Bangla, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Kashmiri, Punjabi etc. 


FAQs on Indian Culture and Tradition Essay

1. What are the Popular Spices in India?

Popular spices in India include - Haldi(Turmeric), Chakri Phool(Star Anise), Til (Sesame seeds/ Gingili seeds), Saunf(Fennel Seeds), Kesar(Saffron), Laal Mirch(Red chilli), Khas(Poppy seeds), Jayphal(Nutmeg), Kalonji(Nigella Seeds), Rai/Sarson(Mustard Seeds), Pudina(Mint), Javitri(Mace), Patthar ke Phool​(Kalpasi), Kala Namak/ Sanchal/ Sanchar powder(Black salt/ Himalayan rock salt/ Pink salt), Sonth(Dry ginger powder), Methi dana(Fenugreek seeds), Suva Bhaji/ Sua Saag(Dill)

Kadi Patta(Curry Leaves), Sukha dhania(Coriander seeds), Laung(Cloves), Dalchini(Cinnamon), Sabza(Chia seeds), Chironji(Charoli), Ajwain(Carom seeds, thymol or celery seeds), Elaichi(Cardamom), Kali Mirch(Black Pepper (or White Pepper), Tej Patta(Bay Leaf), Hing(Asafoetida), Anardana(Pomegranate seeds), Amchoor(Dry mango powder)

2. What is the Language Diversity Available in India?

The Indian constitution has 22 officially recognized languages. Apart from it, there are around 60 languages that are recognized as smother tongue with more than one million speakers. India also has around 28 minor languages spoken by over one hundred thousand and one million people. Apart from these, there are numerous dialects spoken by a various sect of people based on their region of origin. 

3. Who are Some of the Most Famous Indian Celebrities Popular Across the Globe? 

India has people excelling in all aspects of art and activities. Few prominent celebrities to garner global fame include - Sudha Murthy, Amitabh Bacchan, Virat Kohli, Saina Nehwal, Sania Mirza, Priyanka Chopra, MS Dhoni, Sachin Tendulkar, Mohanlal, A R Rehman, Mukesh Ambani, Ratan Tata, Narayana Murthy, Kiran Majumdar Shah, Narendra Modi, Amith Shah. all these people have received great accolades in their respective area of expertise globally and getting recognition to India on a global level. 

4. How to Improve Writing and Reading Skills for Producing Good Essays?

Writing an essay becomes a tedious task when the mind and hand do not coordinate. It is important for you to be able to harness your mental ability to think clearly and reproduce the same on paper for a good essay. Always remember the first few thoughts that you get as soon as you see an essay topic is your best and purest thoughts. Ensure to note them down. Later you can develop your essay around these points. Make sure your essay has an introduction, body and the final conclusion. This will make the reader understand the topic clearly along with your ability to convey the any information without any hesitation or mistake. 

5. How many religions are there in India? 

As of now, there are a total of 9 major religions in India with Hinduism being the majority. The remaining religion includes- Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Baha'i Faith. 

6. Which is the oldest language in India? 

Indian classical oldest language is Sanskrit, it belongs to the Indo- Aryan branch of Indo- European languages. 

7. What are the few famous folk dances of India? 

Folk dances are the representation of a particular culture from where they are known to originate. Eight famous classical dances are- Bharatnatyam from Tamil Nadu, Kathakali from Kerala, Kathak from North, West and Central India, Mohiniyattam from Kerala, Kuchipudi from Andhra Pradesh, Odissi from Odisha, Manipuri from Manipur, Sattriya from Assam. 

8. How many languages are spoken in India? 

Other than Hindi and English there are 22 languages recognised by the constitution of India. However, more than 400 languages and dialects in India are still not known as they change after every town. Over the years, about 190 languages have become endangered due to very few surviving speakers. 

9. Describe the Indian Culture. 

Indian culture is very diverse and the people of India are very warm and welcoming. They have a strong sense of family and firmly believe in unity in diversity. In India, there's a saying saying 'Atithi Devo Bhava'  means 'the guest is equivalent to god'. So if one visits India, they will never feel unwanted.

Essay on Indian Culture for Students and Children

500+ words essay on indian culture.

India is a country that boasts of a rich culture. The culture of India refers to a collection of minor unique cultures. The culture of India comprises of clothing, festivals, languages, religions, music, dance, architecture, food, and art in India. Most noteworthy, Indian culture has been influenced by several foreign cultures throughout its history. Also, the history of India’s culture is several millennia old.

Components of Indian Culture

First of all, Indian origin religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism . All of these religions are based on karma and dharma. Furthermore, these four are called as Indian religions. Indian religions are a major category of world religions along with Abrahamic religions.

Also, many foreign religions are present in India as well. These foreign religions include Abrahamic religions. The Abrahamic religions in India certainly are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Besides Abrahamic religions, Zoroastrianism and Bahá’í Faith are the other foreign religions which exist in India. Consequently, the presence of so many diverse religions has given rise to tolerance and secularism in Indian culture.

The Joint family system is the prevailing system of Indian culture . Most noteworthy, the family members consist of parents, children, children’s spouses, and offspring. All of these family members live together. Furthermore, the eldest male member is the head of the family.

Arranged marriages are the norm in Indian culture. Probably most Indians have their marriages planned by their parents. In almost all Indian marriages, the bride’s family gives dowry to bridegroom. Weddings are certainly festive occasions in Indian culture. There is involvement of striking decorations, clothing, music, dance, rituals in Indian weddings. Most noteworthy, the divorce rates in India are very low.

India celebrates a huge number of festivals. These festivals are very diverse due to multi-religious and multi-cultural Indian society. Indians greatly value festive occasions. Above all, the whole country joins in the celebrations irrespective of the differences.

Traditional Indian food, arts, music, sports, clothing, and architecture vary significantly across different regions. These components are influenced by various factors. Above all, these factors are geography, climate, culture, and rural/urban setting.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Perceptions of Indian Culture

Indian culture has been an inspiration to many writers. India is certainly a symbol of unity around the world. Indian culture is certainly very complex. Furthermore, the conception of Indian identity poses certain difficulties. However, despite this, a typical Indian culture does exist. The creation of this typical Indian culture results from some internal forces. Above all, these forces are a robust Constitution, universal adult franchise, secular policy , flexible federal structure, etc.

Indian culture is characterized by a strict social hierarchy. Furthermore, Indian children are taught their roles and place in society from an early age. Probably, many Indians believe that gods and spirits have a role in determining their life. Earlier, traditional Hindus were divided into polluting and non-polluting occupations. Now, this difference is declining.

Indian culture is certainly very diverse. Also, Indian children learn and assimilate in the differences. In recent decades, huge changes have taken place in Indian culture. Above all, these changes are female empowerment , westernization, a decline of superstition, higher literacy , improved education, etc.

To sum it up, the culture of India is one of the oldest cultures in the World. Above all, many Indians till stick to the traditional Indian culture in spite of rapid westernization. Indians have demonstrated strong unity irrespective of the diversity among them. Unity in Diversity is the ultimate mantra of Indian culture.

FAQs on Indian Culture

Q1 What are the Indian religions?

A1 Indian religions refer to a major category of religion. Most noteworthy, these religions have their origin in India. Furthermore, the major Indian religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

Q2 What are changes that have taken place in Indian culture in recent decades?

A2 Certainly, many changes have taken place in Indian culture in recent decades. Above all, these changes are female empowerment, westernization, a decline of superstition, higher literacy, improved education, etc.

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Indian Culture vs. Western Culture — What's the Difference?

indian culture vs western culture essay in english

Difference Between Indian Culture and Western Culture

Table of contents, key differences, comparison chart, grammar & language, writing direction, use of tenses, sentence structure, language origin, compare with definitions, indian culture, western culture, common curiosities, what are the primary religions influencing indian culture, what family structure is prevalent in western culture, how is democracy perceived in western culture, what is a common language spoken in western culture, what’s a distinct feature of clothing in indian culture, is individual privacy emphasized in western culture, how is education perceived in indian culture, how does western culture view social mobility, how does indian culture treat the concept of arranged marriages, is vegetarianism common in indian culture, how does indian culture perceive the caste system in contemporary times, what is a notable characteristic of modern western culture, how does indian culture express its historical tales and mythology, which festival is celebrated with great fervor in indian culture, what is a notable aspect of architecture in western culture, share your discovery.

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Influence of western culture on Indian society

Shashank Malviya

India is a secular country where the people have the freedom to practice any religion and also to convert to another religion of their choice. So all the cultures are freely accepted and respected by the Indians. But the influence of western culture started in India during the 19th Century when the British established their Colony in the country-western culture considered as the most advanced culture on the globe has started surmounting its flavour on Indian roots.

Indian culture which is one of the oldest richest culture in the world with very language custom belief ideas tab use codes instructions works of art architecture ritual ceremony acceptor India’s cultural history of several thousand years old and it shows continuity and subtle change with a strong third of Duty epitomized in the relative power of culture and unique display of unity in diversity. Which the conquest of European power and subsequent British rule in India has had a profound effect on western culture on Indian society. Western culture has made its presence in various forms.

Impacts of western culture on Indian Society:

There were different kinds of westernization one kind to emergence of a westernise subcultural pattern through a minority section of Indians who first came in contact with the western culture.

This includes the subculture of Indian intellectuals who not only adopted many cognitive patterns or way of thinking like this style but also supported its expansion.

This impact of westernization was mainly in urban areas. But some villages are more westernised than urban areas.

Consequences of western culture on Indian society

Affected caste, joint family, marriage and other social structures.Introduced new institutions like press, Christian missionaries, etc.

Modern values like humanism, egalitarianism, secularism have entered Indian value systems. Our criminal law has been reformed. Evil customs like sati ended, Untouchability was abolished.

The concept of the welfare state was introduced and thus Governmental activities on welfare measures have expanded. Far-reaching reforms in Hindu society through social reform movements like the Brahmo samaj etc. under inspired by the Western-educated middle class in India.

Many political and cultural movements emerged like the movement for the eradication of caste spread of mass education. The emergence of an educated middle class as the vanguard of the freedom movement.

Agents of Westernization

British rule – The establishment of British rule brought about deep and far-reaching changes in the economic, political, educational, and cultural spheres in India. It offered some new avenues of social mobility to the scheduled castes, e.g., new economic opportunities, education, westernisation, conversion to Christianity and politicization. Indians employed in government offices or converts to Christianity.Those educated in modern schools and colleges. Some of them launched great movements like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Tagore, Sir Syed Ahmad etc. Those who went to England for study or medical treatment.Those who lived in port towns. The tolerant spirit of Indians was largely responsible for the spread of Westernisation. There was no wholesale but only selective Westernisation. Old styles continued side by side. There was also a movement to preserve Indian values.(eg. The Arya Samaj)

Influence of western culture on Indian society Influence of western culture on Caste

We find that the traditional social organisation exemplified by the caste system has undergone several changes yet continues to exist in Indian society performing some old and some new functions. During the last few decades, as a result of the forces of modernisation, the ideology of caste has become less pervasive in an individual’s day to day life. Caste rituals have become increasingly a personal affair, rather than public due to changed circumstances of living, forces of industrialisation, and urbanisation. Place of residence and food habits are influenced more by an individual’s workplace and occupation than by his or her caste or religion. Industrialization and the factory systems broke down caste barriers to a large extent.Urbanization made many castes live together. Transport broke down caste restrictions.

Impact of English education

Changes in dress and food habits Supply of water through pipes – you cannot ask the caste of the person who sends water down the pipes.

Impact on untouchability

Impact on women

The educational advancement of women Entry of women into all occupations Social reformers also helped the liberation of womenDiscarding pardah.

Impact on social structure

Career open to talent and no longer based on casteMoney and wealth regarded important decline of rituals

Impact on marriage

Marriage came to be regarded as a contract and not entirely a sacrament

Influence on culture

English words came to be used commonly – Daddy, mummy, cutting the cake culture; contrast the Indian custom of lighting a lamp with the western habit of blowing out the candlelight. Western gadgets freely used; Television, washing machine etc

Impact of western literature on Indian literature, religion

Art – cinema, western dance, musical instruments, modern religion – decline of superstition, ritualismRise is scientific belief

Influence of western culture on Tribes

The Westernisation of tribals had begun during the British colonial rule when they first came in contact with them. Not all tribes were subjected to the efforts of modernisation. There were many which continued to survive in their traditional modes till India’s Independence. The fate of traditional material culture and styles of tribes were to be ‘preserved’ as museum specimens. Attempts were made to synthesize the customary and modern laws. In all these efforts, the focus was on modernizing the tribals. Changes in style of life

The changes in the style of life have followed two trends. They are changes in relation to the political system

The political system, which developed during the British rule, gave increasing opportunities for the political articulation to the people of India, especially those who acquired western education. This facility was taken advantage of by the backward classes. The advent of Independence and the introduction of adult franchise and more recently Panchayati Raj institutions have increased the access to power, especially political power, to the backward classes. Such access led to a shift from Sanskritisation to competition for positions of higher bureaucratic and political power.

Social Mobility through Westernisation

The upwardly mobile untouchable castes adopted the lifestyle implied in Westernisation. This was facilitated by the prevalence of various non-Sanskritic traditions among them—such as, eating meat and drinking alcohol.

indian culture vs western culture essay in english

western culture has no history. it is just spread by colonization bharat,egypt,etc. all the great civilizations were wipped out. still bharat is the o...

western culture is damaging our very beautiful..pure indian culture...we should step forward and protect our culture and make up akhand bharat

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