lost kingdom book review

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lost kingdom book review

Lost Kingdom

Laurel Black Stormeer Press ( Jan 17, 2024 ) Softcover $15.99 ( 472pp ) 978-1-60842-425-2

A girl looking to recover her stolen memories and magical abilities possesses a map that leads to an object that could save a boy’s betrothed in Laurel Black’s adventure-filled fantasy novel Lost Kingdom , in which two quests converge.

Raven is a prisoner working in the mines of an enemy city when Jeddak, disguised as an enemy guard, first meets her. Raven longs for a brother who only appears to her in dreams and a homeland she cannot remember. Jeddak wants to recover a magical stone to rescue his fiancée, no matter the cost.

Once Jeddak realizes that Raven holds an important lead in his search for the stone, he helps her escape. Jeddak also convinces Raven to accompany him back to his tribe’s city with the possibility of restoring her magic. The trust between the two is fragile—and is both strengthened and squandered by their budding romantic tension. And though their motivations are their own, Jeddak and Raven’s mission is tied to much larger forces that could impact their whole world.

The story moves at a steady pace, alternating between Raven and Jeddak’s perspectives; their thoughts are distinctive and revealing. Still, they refuse to share their motivations and desires with each other. Their conversations are smooth, weaving exposition into the action of the story well. Despite ample foreshadowing, the final plot twist is shocking and uneasy—with hints that Raven and Jeddak’s story is not over yet.

Following two heroes on a treacherous journey through a fantastical land, Lost Kingdom explores the importance of home and the meaningful relationships formed in its absence.

Reviewed by Julia Dillman January / February 2024

Disclosure: This article is not an endorsement, but a review. The publisher of this book provided free copies of the book to have their book reviewed by a professional reviewer. No fee was paid by the publisher for this review. Foreword Reviews only recommends books that we love. Foreword Magazine, Inc. is disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255.

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Exciting frontier adventure with steampunk fantasy twist.

The Lost Kingdom Poster Image

A Lot or a Little?

What you will—and won't—find in this book.

Real historical figures and events are blended wit

Billy is ashamed of his father's ugly beliefs

As Billy discovers his father's less admirable

Characters face real peril, and some are injured a

Parents need to know that The Lost Kingdom is a fantasy rooted in American history. The mingling of fact and fiction may confuse young readers, who should read the author's note at the end to be sure they're clear on what really happened. Set during the buildup to the French and Indian War, it…

Educational Value

Positive messages.

Billy is ashamed of his father's ugly beliefs but is able to reconcile them as part of the whole of a man. Much of the story's action is propelled by violence, or the threat of violence, but the takeaway message about peace and learning to live together.

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Families can talk about the story's blend of fantasy and historical fact. Does this make history more engaging, or more confusing? How would the story have been different if it relied entirely on fictional characters?

The Lost Kingdom can be described as steampunk, a type of science fiction that blends the old and the new. Have you read any other steampunk stories? What do you think makes steampunk so appealing?

Try the same technique yourself: Write a short fantasy based on an historical event or figure.

Book Details

  • Author : Matthew J. Kirby
  • Genre : Adventure
  • Topics : Magic and Fantasy , History , Science and Nature
  • Book type : Fiction
  • Publisher : Scholastic Press
  • Publication date : August 27, 2013
  • Publisher's recommended age(s) : 8 - 12
  • Number of pages : 352
  • Available on : Nook, Audiobook (unabridged), Hardback, Kindle
  • Last updated : July 12, 2017

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LOST KINGDOM

From the order of the majestic series , vol. 2.

by Matt Myklusch ‧ RELEASE DATE: May 19, 2020

A disappointing sequel.

The sorcerer’s apprentice must become the master.

In the wake of his master’s death in series opener Order of the Majestic (2019), Joey Kopecky and his friends Shazad and Leanora have become the new Order: a circle of magic users who protect what little magic remains in the world by fighting the dark forces of the Invisible Hand. This sinister group acquires and corrupts magical objects, and they’ve been searching for several magical items scattered around the world. Thanks to an old witch and the Secret Map of the World, Joey and his pals are one step ahead. The race is on in this globe-trotting sequel that does its best to expand the series’ world but comes up short where it really counts. Joey, Shazad, and Leanora are a trio of bland protagonists, with little characterization differentiating one from the other. The action sequences and magical moments are presented with little flair, and at over 400 pages, the book quickly becomes a slog, even for readers who found a bit to enjoy in the previous oversized installment. The author attempts to shade the trio’s friendship with a quarrel over Joey’s loss of Houdini’s wand in the previous book, but the conflict is entirely circular and doesn’t add much dimension. Joey and Leanora are white; Shazad is depicted on the cover with pale skin and hails from the fictional country of Jorako.

Pub Date: May 19, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-5344-2490-6

Page Count: 464

Publisher: Aladdin

Review Posted Online: March 14, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 2020

CHILDREN'S ACTION & ADVENTURE FICTION | CHILDREN'S SCIENCE FICTION & FANTASY | CHILDREN'S SOCIAL THEMES

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ORDER OF THE MAJESTIC

BOOK REVIEW

by Matt Myklusch

STRANGERS IN ATLANTIS

CAPTAIN UNDERPANTS AND THE TERRIFYING RETURN OF TIPPY TINKLETROUSERS

From the captain underpants series , vol. 9.

by Dav Pilkey & illustrated by Dav Pilkey ‧ RELEASE DATE: Aug. 28, 2012

Is this the end? Well, no…the series will stagger on through at least one more scheduled sequel.

Sure signs that the creative wells are running dry at last, the Captain’s ninth, overstuffed outing both recycles a villain (see Book 4) and offers trendy anti-bullying wish fulfillment.

Not that there aren’t pranks and envelope-pushing quips aplenty. To start, in an alternate ending to the previous episode, Principal Krupp ends up in prison (“…a lot like being a student at Jerome Horwitz Elementary School, except that the prison had better funding”). There, he witnesses fellow inmate Tippy Tinkletrousers (aka Professor Poopypants) escape in a giant Robo-Suit (later reduced to time-traveling trousers). The villain sets off after George and Harold, who are in juvie (“not much different from our old school…except that they have library books here.”). Cut to five years previous, in a prequel to the whole series. George and Harold link up in kindergarten to reduce a quartet of vicious bullies to giggling insanity with a relentless series of pranks involving shaving cream, spiders, effeminate spoof text messages and friendship bracelets. Pilkey tucks both topical jokes and bathroom humor into the cartoon art, and ups the narrative’s lexical ante with terms like “pharmaceuticals” and “theatrical flair.” Unfortunately, the bullies’ sad fates force Krupp to resign, so he’s not around to save the Earth from being destroyed later on by Talking Toilets and other invaders…

Pub Date: Aug. 28, 2012

ISBN: 978-0-545-17534-0

Page Count: 304

Publisher: Scholastic

Review Posted Online: June 19, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 2012

CHILDREN'S ACTION & ADVENTURE FICTION

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CAPTAIN UNDERPANTS AND THE SENSATIONAL SAGA OF SIR STINKS-A-LOT

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THE SCHOOL FOR GOOD AND EVIL

THE SCHOOL FOR GOOD AND EVIL

From the school for good and evil series , vol. 1.

by Soman Chainani ; illustrated by Iacopo Bruno ‧ RELEASE DATE: May 14, 2013

Rich and strange (and kitted out with an eye-catching cover), but stronger in the set pieces than the internal logic.

Chainani works an elaborate sea change akin to Gregory Maguire’s Wicked (1995), though he leaves the waters muddied.

Every four years, two children, one regarded as particularly nice and the other particularly nasty, are snatched from the village of Gavaldon by the shadowy School Master to attend the divided titular school. Those who survive to graduate become major or minor characters in fairy tales. When it happens to sweet, Disney princess–like Sophie and  her friend Agatha, plain of features, sour of disposition and low of self-esteem, they are both horrified to discover that they’ve been dropped not where they expect but at Evil and at Good respectively. Gradually—too gradually, as the author strings out hundreds of pages of Hogwarts-style pranks, classroom mishaps and competitions both academic and romantic—it becomes clear that the placement wasn’t a mistake at all. Growing into their true natures amid revelations and marked physical changes, the two spark escalating rivalry between the wings of the school. This leads up to a vicious climactic fight that sees Good and Evil repeatedly switching sides. At this point, readers are likely to feel suddenly left behind, as, thanks to summary deus ex machina resolutions, everything turns out swell(ish).

Pub Date: May 14, 2013

ISBN: 978-0-06-210489-2

Page Count: 496

Publisher: Harper/HarperCollins

Review Posted Online: Feb. 12, 2013

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 15, 2013

CHILDREN'S SCIENCE FICTION & FANTASY | CHILDREN'S SOCIAL THEMES

ONE TRUE KING

by Soman Chainani ; illustrated by Iacopo Bruno

QUESTS FOR GLORY

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FALL OF THE SCHOOL FOR GOOD AND EVIL

by Soman Chainani ; illustrated by RaidesArt

RISE OF THE SCHOOL FOR GOOD AND EVIL

by Soman Chainani ; illustrated by Julia Iredale

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Netflix Drops ‘School for Good and Evil’ Trailer

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BOOK REVIEW: Lost Kingdom by Laurel Black

Synopsis: Trusting him is the only way to save the kingdom. Betraying her is the only way to keep them both alive. Stripped of her memories and her magic, Raven has been left for dead. As a prisoner in the enemy’s mineral mines, her only clue to who she is and where she came from is the mysterious map tattooed on her hand—a map containing hidden secrets that some people would kill for. Jeddak is one of those people. A warrior from the Kovak tribe, he’s hunting for the powerful Zavien stone to pay the corrupt king’s ransom. If he doesn’t return home with it by the new moon, his betrothed will be executed. When Jeddak discovers that a prisoner named Raven has the only map that leads to the artifact, he allies with her as they navigate treacherous lands and battle against ancient magical forces to unravel the map’s secrets. But can Raven trust this stranger who’s helping her? If the map gets into the wrong hands, thousands of people will die. As their feelings for each other grow, their tenuous alliance begins to fray. Until Jeddak is forced to make a decision—betray Raven or forsake his kingdom. Choose wrong, and he’ll lose everything.

Lost Kingdom was a young adult fantasy that swept me away.  With secrets, lies, adventures, friendship, and betrayal, this book was a magical journey that was impossible to put down!  I loved learning about this new world.  The tribes, magic system, and politics were fascinating!  The characters felt so real.  And the story-line was so easy to devour.  With an extremely slow burn romance, this book will have you begging for more.

Suddenly, I didn’t feel so alone.

Raven was a prisoner in the mineral mines.  With no memory of her past, or even what tribe she belonged to, she was struggling just to survive another day.  The conditions she lived in were atrocious.  Then there was Jeddak, who was from the Kovak Tribe, and was in search of a stone to give to his king.  If he didn’t do that, his betrothed would be murdered.  And Raven had the only map that would lead them to the stone.  The story alternated between Raven and Jeddak, and I truly had no idea how it would all unfold.

No one would be punished except me if they found him dead now. At this point, I would gladly accept the consequences just to see him choke on his last breath.

Raven was so effortless to like.   She persevered in the face of atrocity.  Where she was used as nothing more than just another body to accomplish someone else’s goal, she was still brave and fearless.  She fought to stay alive.  But at the same time, she was so unsure of who to trust.  Her past was a blank slate.  So many that surrounded her kept her hidden from their true intent.  Yet through it all, she had this fire that burned deep inside her that pushed her along!

My breath caught. With his dark, wavy hair and long lashes, he was already strikingly handsome. But now the subtle dimples on his cheeks and the playful sparks in his gold-flecked eyes made me temporarily forget it was cold outside. He could rule a kingdom with that smile.

Jeddak, oh my goddess my feelings towards him kept twisting and turning.  I loved how he tried his best to protect Raven.  He was brave, smart, and I loved his relationship with his bear, Kah.  Btw Kah was not only the voice of reason, but I adored his sarcasm.   He cracked me up again and again!  So I kept wondering, who was going to protect Raven from Jeddak?  He was keeping secrets from her.  That entailed not only why he was helping her. But that he was betrothed.  Yet…..just wait….because once we get the full picture at the end of this story, my kaleidoscope of emotions towards Jeddak turned solid and became true and heartfelt.  I can’t say more without spoilers, other than it was a path to get there!

I felt the weight of one of his throwing knives in my hand. Like the sword from last night, it felt oddly familiar. Using a nearby tree as a target, I took aim at a small knot in the wood and let the knife fly. The knifepoint hit the center of the knot. My eyes went wide. Who am I?

Jeddak and Lila together will run you through the gamut of emotions.  They connected on such a deep level, but at the same point they kept each other at arm’s distance.  They kept secrets from one another.  But they also needed each other to survive and accomplish their goals.  It was a perilous journey every step of the way!  And there were unthinkable obstacles.  It’ll keep you on your toes wondering what’s going to happen next!  So watching even the tiniest bit of their friendship form had me smiling so huge!  Just try not to smile during the runes scene.

I studied his face, lit by the golden flames. Just a few days ago, he was a stranger. A liability I wanted to leave behind in the stables of Malengard. Now, he felt familiar. Safe. Even though I was in a foreign land, I felt like I’d found a small piece of home in him.

This story had so many twists and turns.  And while it felt fast paced, there were also so many deeper moments laced throughout the pages.  With foreshadowing, a possible deadly fate, and battles in the future, this book had so much story within these pages.  I am nervous for what’s to come and looking forward to that next book!  Especially because of Skyler.  I don’t know what that says about me, especially the feelings I have towards that character, and nope I’m not explaining anything more other than I am beyond obsessed!

*I voluntarily read and reviewed an advanced copy of this book, provided by the author. All thoughts and opinions are my own.*

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January 31, 2024 at 11:56 am

This sounds really good! I’ll have to see if I can order it for my school library. Great review!

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Lost Kingdom: A History of Russian Nationalism from Ivan the Great to Putin, by Serhii Plokhy

Book of the week: russia’s power plays with its neighbours may be tied to its lack of civic maturity, says lara douds.

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Russian Irregular troops

Lost Kingdom  is a tale of two Vladimirs, a 10th-century prince and a 21st-century president. On 4 November 2016, Vladimir Putin unveiled a statue close to the Kremlin of his namesake, Prince Vladimir the Great. The erection of this 17-metre monument to the medieval ruler of Kievan Rus had huge political implications, particularly while the conflict between Russia and Ukraine was rumbling on.

In 988, Vladimir the Great embraced Christianity for his domain, which incorporated much of modern-day Belarus, Ukraine and European Russia. Putin praised him as the “gatherer and protector of the Russian lands” who laid the foundations of a strong, united, centralised state, resulting in “the union of one great family of equal peoples, languages, cultures, and religions”. Kievan Rus later disintegrated, but modern-day Ukraine and Russia both consider Prince Vladimir to be their founding father. Those “gathered lands and peoples” are the eponymous “Lost Kingdom” of this book, a lively and impassioned rejoinder to Putin’s claim. Indeed, Serhii Plokhy’s work, in which he illuminates the importance of the Slavic “western provinces” to Russian national identity, is as much manifesto as monograph.

Hence this book is no dry academic exercise but one closely linked to the current geopolitical climate, the new Cold War: relations between East and West soured from spring 2014 when Russia claimed the Ukrainian peninsula as its territory, ignoring international outrage. If we want to understand what is going on, argues Plokhy, we need to look at Russia’s relations with Ukraine in the context of the longer sweep of history and try to understand the difference between national borders and national identity in Russia’s eyes.

The British historian Geoffrey Hosking first got to the crux of this problem when he wrote that “Britain had an Empire. Russia was an Empire”. He went on to argue that the demands of imperial expansion and the related state-building had impeded the formation of a sense of either ethnic or civic nationhood in Russia. Plokhy’s work builds upon this seminal insight to suggest that Russia’s eternal desire for a closer relationship with its fellow Slavic states continues to impede the creation of a modern, civic sense of nationhood. Russia cannot imagine itself without Ukraine, but Ukraine fails to reciprocate these fraternal longings…

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It is no coincidence, of course, that such an exciting and provocative history of Russian nationalism and imperialism should come from a scholar whose specialism is primarily Ukrainian history. Rather than detracting from his study, this makes it deeply satisfying, since the hegemonic Russian version of events is challenged and the “Empire” strikes back.

The book spans five centuries of Russia’s attempts to restore the territorial unity of the “Lost Kingdom”. From the 1470s, when Ivan III pushed back the last of the Mongol horde, the principles of “Orthodoxy, autocracy and nationality” became crucial to the legitimacy of the Russian crown and what Plokhy terms “the invention of Russia”. From then on, Russian and Soviet expansion into the western borderlands was consistently presented in terms of the reunification of medieval Kievan Rus. This was true all the way from Catherine the Great’s partition of Poland as the reunification of the East Slavic lands to Joseph Stalin’s sending the Red Army into central Poland after the Nazi-Soviet Pact in 1939 to protect their “blood relatives, Ukrainians and Belarusians residing in Poland”. Putin’s statue is merely the most recent iteration.

Although the book’s subtitle promises “a history of Russian nationalism”, the focus remains tightly on Ukraine, with some consideration of Belarus, and Polish and Lithuanian lands. A fully rounded history of the relationship between Russian imperialism and nationalism would surely take into account the wider multinational, multi-ethnic, multi-confessional nature of the state beyond the East Slavs. Imperial conquest by Russian rulers was not focused solely on the neighbouring territories to the west, but encompassed vast territories and diverse peoples to the north, south and east who were continuously incorporated into the Russian Empire until the end of the Romanov dynasty, and reincorporated by the Soviet government in the 20th century.

This lucid and well-paced book builds to a dramatic crescendo in the final chapter, where Plokhy turns his attention to current affairs and offers solutions for solving the dilemma of Russian national identity. “Is Russia to become a modern nation-state,” he asks, “or will it remain a truncated empire, driven into ever new conflicts by the phantom pains of lost territories and past glories?” He argues that “Russia will not find security or prosperity through territory or ideology”, and proposes instead, perhaps rather optimistically, that it must “adjust [its] identity to the demands of the post-imperial world. The future of the Russian nation and its relations with its neighbors lies not in a return to the lost paradise of the imagined East Slavic unity of the medieval Kyivan state, but in the formation of a modern civic nation within the borders of the Russian Federation.”

From a historian’s point of view, however, it is surely too simple to hope that Russia can “forget” its past and emerge, a tabula rasa , into civic nationhood, with all the trappings of civil society and liberties, participation and representation which that entails. Certainly, an international environment of perceived threat and hostility can only inhibit the development of “civic” values that many inside and outside Russia hope to see mature, but that seem as far away as ever.

Yet there seems more to Russia’s invasion of Crimea than the business-as-usual posturing of an inherently expansionist aggressor. For three decades, Russia has experienced a serious crisis that left it vulnerable internally and externally. Following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, parts of the state broke away and serious conflicts erupted within Russia. Her foray into Western-style democracy and capitalism in the early 1990s ended disastrously. While the Warsaw Pact dissolved, Nato not only survived but expanded eastwards into the former Soviet Baltic republics, only to announce that it was preparing to invite Ukraine and Georgia to join as well. It also launched military operations without UN authorisation, first in Serbia and then in Iraq.

It is not too much of a stretch of the imagination to understand how these acts might have been regarded by Russia as a threat. In 2014, in reaction to what was perceived as a Western-backed coup in Ukraine, Russia occupied Crimea, Ukrainian territory that is home to the Russian Black Sea fleet. It seemed that international law and institutions could not guarantee security, and therefore Russia fell back into the 19th-century practice of great power rivalry.

With Russian “aggression” continuing to excite politicians, the media and the popular imagination in the West, this book is a must-read for anyone wishing to get to grips with the Russo-Ukrainian War. Still, it provides no definitive answer to the question of Russian national identity. The problem for Plokhy, as for all who try to marshal history as ammunition for contemporary conflicts, is that history is almost always interpretation – and, in Plokhy’s case, interpretation of interpretation. In the study of history, the evolving present casts the past in a new light, whether the revisionist is Ivan the Great, Putin or Plokhy himself. All in all, this is a masterful, provocative work by a scholar at the height of his powers which greatly enriches the centuries-long conversation on Russian identity. It will help specialists and general readers alike to understand the country’s tortuous relationship with its Slavic neighbours.

Lara Douds is assistant professor in 20th-century Russian history at Durham University and author of Inside Lenin’s Government: Power, Ideology and Practice in the Early Soviet State (2018).

Lost Kingdom: A History of Russian Nationalism from Ivan the Great to Vladimir Putin By Serhii Plokhy Allen Lane, 432pp, £20.00 ISBN 9780241255575 Published 10 October 2017

Serii Plokhy

Serhii Plokhy, Mykhailo Hrushevsky professor of Ukrainian history at Harvard University , was born in Russia but grew up in Ukraine. He did his undergraduate studies in the city of Dnipropetrovsk – in an institution that, he says, was “founded in 1918 by the short-lived Ukrainian government of Pavlo Skoropadsky, but in all Soviet-era publications the official date of the foundation of the university was moved by a few months to claim that it was really founded by the Soviets”. Like many others in the last decades of the Soviet Union, he became deeply interested in “the ‘true’ story of [his] homeland”.

Based in North America since 1996 and at Harvard since 2007, Plokhy is the author of The Origins of the Slavic Nations: Premodern Identities in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus (2006), in which he focused on “medieval and early modern times. Lost Kingdom brings the story all the way into the 21st century.”

Recent developments in Russia, he argues, have seen “a process of recovery of the pre-revolutionary, imperial past, its symbols and ideas. One of those imperial models is…of the big Russian nation…consisting of Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians. It was all but forgotten after the Revolution of 1917 but came back during the Russian war in Ukraine in Vladimir Putin’s pronouncements about Russians and Ukrainians being one and the same people.”

Plokhy acknowledges that US “undergrads as a rule know little about the subject before they get in my classroom…It is a great pleasure to see how much more knowledgeable and sophisticated they become about this or that particular part of the region’s history. When it comes to writing, you have to explain to the American audience why they should care about the subject you yourself are so interested in. It is a challenge, but that also helps you figure out what is most important in your own work.”

Matthew Reisz

POSTSCRIPT:

Print headline:  Searching for a national identity

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17 Jan 2024

Review: lost kingdom by laurel black.

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"south jersey flsa lawyer" The review of 'Lost Kingdom' by Laurel Black provides valuable insights into the author's storytelling and narrative style. It acknowledges the author's balanced assessment, highlighting strengths and potential areas for improvement. The review suggests that a more detailed understanding of the book's merits could be provided by including specific plot elements or character dynamics. Overall, the review serves as a helpful guide for potential readers, offering a thoughtful and informative perspective on the novel's merits.

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Hawaii’s Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America’s First Imperial Venture

Julia Flynn Siler | 4.02 | 952 ratings and reviews

Ranked #15 in Hawaii

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An Independent Literary Publisher Since 1917

lost kingdom book review

Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's First Imperial Adventure

A sweeping epic of the brutal clash between a relentlessly expanding capitalist empire and a vulnerable Polynesian island kingdom, in a story of a breathtaking land grab.

  • Imprint Grove Paperback
  • Page Count 448
  • Publication Date January 15, 2013
  • ISBN-13 978-0-8021-2070-0
  • Dimensions 6" x 9"
  • US List Price $20.00

lost kingdom book review

About The Book

Around 200 A.D., intrepid Polynesians paddled thousands of miles across the Pacific and arrived at an undisturbed archipelago. For centuries, their descendants lived with almost no contact from the Western world but in 1778 their profound isolation was shattered with the arrival of Captain Cook. Deftly weaving together a memorable cast of characters, Lost Kingdom brings to life the ensuing clash between the vulnerable Polynesian people and the relentlessly expanding capitalist powers. Portraits of royalty, rogues, sugar barons, and missionaries combine into a sweeping tale of the Hawaiian kingdom’s rise and fall.

At the center of the story is Lili’uokalani, the last queen of Hawaii. Born in 1838, she lived through the nearly complete economic transformation of the islands. Lucrative sugar plantations owned almost exclusively by white planters, dubbed the “Sugar Kings,” gradually subsumed the majority of the land. Hawaii became a prize in the contest between America, Britain, and France, each of whom were seeking to expand their military and commercial influence in the Pacific.

Lost Kingdom is the tragic story of Lili’uokalani’s family and their fortunes. The monarchy had become a figurehead, victim to manipulation from the wealthy sugar-plantation owners. Upon ascending to the throne, Lili’uokalani was determined to enact a constitution reinstating the monarchy’s power but she was outmaneuvered and, in January 1893, U.S. Marines from the USS Boston marched through the streets of Honolulu to the palace. The annexation of Hawaii had begun, ushering in a new century of American imperialism.

“A sweeping tale of tragedy, greed, betrayal, and imperialism” The depth of her research shines through the narrative, and the lush prose and quick pace make for engaging reading” absorbing.” — Library Journal (Starred review)

“[A] well-researched, nicely contextualized history . . . It was indeed, as Siler characterizes it, ‘one of the most audacious land grabs of the Gilded Age.’” — Los Angeles Times

“Richly sourced . . . [Siler is] able to color in many figures who had heretofore existed largely in outline or black and white . . . a solidly researched account of an important chapter in our national history, one that most Americans don’t know but should . . . an 1893 New York Times headline called [the annexation] ‘the political crime of the century.’” — The New York Times Book Review

“Siler’s Lost Kingdom is a riveting saga about Big Sugar flexing its imperialist muscle in Hawaii. Its impossible not to be impressed with the breadth of Siler’s fine scholarship. A real gem of a book.” —Douglas Brinkley, professor of history at Rice University and author of The Quiet World: Saving Alaska’s Wilderness Kingdom 1879-1960

“Hawaii has been a US state… far longer… than many realize. Julia Flynn Siler . . . has woven a fascinating . . . tale of intrigue and imperialism, supplemented throughout with anecdotes by and about literary luminaries such as Robert Louis Stevenson, Mark Twain, Herman Melville—all of whom traveled to and opined on the islands.” — The Christian Science Monitor

“Too many Americans forget . . . our ‘island paradise’ was acquired via a cynical, imperious land grab. By the 1890s, American businessmen, especially the ‘sugar kings,’ dominated the Hawaiian economy. [C]ombined with the flowering of American naval ambitions, Hawaii’s status as an independent kingdom was doomed. Siler’s narrative concentrates on the efforts of Queen Lili’uokalani to stave off American annexation. The missionary-educated [queen’s] efforts to straddle both the modern and traditional Hawaiian worlds proved futile. This is a well-written, fast-moving saga.” — Booklist

“Julia Flynn Siler’s Lost Kingdom: Hawaii’s Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America’s First Imperial Adventure is a well-told history of the U.S. acquisition of Hawaii. The central figure is Lili’uokalani, who had the misfortune of being queen when Uncle Sam closed his grasp on the islands.” — The Seattle Times

“[Julia Flynn] Siler captures . . . what Hawaii was then and what it has evolved into today. What happened to the islands is known as one of the most aggressive takeovers of the Gilded Age. . . . Siler gives us a riveting and intimate look at the rise and tragic fall of Hawaii’s royal family . . . [It] is a reminder that Hawaii remains one of the most breathtaking places in the world. Even if the kingdom is lost.” — Fortune Magazine

“This imperial land grab in our not so distant past is far too little known. I hope that Siler’s lively, moving, colorful account will help restore it to the place in our national memory where it ought to be.” —Adam Hochschild, author of King Leopold’s Ghost

“Siler . . . skillfully weaves the tangled threads of this story into a satisfying tapestry about the late 19 th -century death of a small nation [with] . . . sympathetic detail.” — Publisher’s Weekly

“Siler rehearses the dark imperial history of how Americans first arrived in the islands, how they rose in power and how they deposed the queen and took everything . . . This is mostly the story of white entrepreneurs and missionaries who came and conquered . . . A well-rendered narrative of paradise and imperialism.” — Kirkus Review

“The takeover of Hawaii is a disturbing and dramatic story, deftly captured by Julia Flynn Siler. . . . She vividly depicts a cast of characters driven by greed, desperation, and miscalculation. . . . How the queen lost her kingdom says as much about America and its new era of overseas expansion as it does about Hawaii.” —T. J. Stiles, author of The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt , winner of The Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award

“Only one American state was formally a sovereign monarchy. In this compelling narrative, the award-winning journalist Julia Flynn Siler chronicles how this Pacific kingdom, creation of a proud Polynesian people, was encountered, annexed, and absorbed.” —Kevin Starr, historian, University of Southern California

A San Francisco Chronicle Bestseller

Introduction

The story of Hawai’i begins millions of years ago, long before the green folds of its mountains were creased by cataracts foaming into the sea. Two enormous plates struck each other, creating a crack that reached the earth’s liquid core. Plumes of molten rock shot up, piercing the black depths of the sea. Hissing steam burst into the air.

Hardened black rock grew mound by mound, forming a range of cone-shaped peaks which surfaced at around the same time the first mammals roamed the African plains. At first, only the tips of this under­water mountain range jutted above the ocean swells. But as lava accumulated, the range rose. A host of creatures made new homes on these harsh outcroppings: grubs, coral polyps, sea urchins, mother-of-pearl, conch shells, seaweed, ferns, and finally man and woman.

Thus began the world, as told in the Kumulipo, the Hawaiian chant which some scholars have compared to the Greek creation myths and Hebrew Genesis.

In more than two thousand lines, it describes a world born in ‘deep darkness’ advancing toward the light, expressing both the geological beginnings of the islands as well as the experience of a human emerging from a womb into the world.

The people who memorized this long chant were descendants of intrepid voyagers. Navigating by the stars and by observing subtle shifts in the wind, the flight paths of migrating birds, and even the changing color of the air, they accomplished an extraordinary feat. They found their way from Tahiti or the Marquesas to one of the most remote chains of islands in the world, some 2,400 miles from the nearest continent.

Setting off around the time that Constantine ruled the Roman Empire, perhaps as early as 200 A.D., they travelled thousands of miles before reaching the Hawaiian islands, paddling through the windless doldrums of the north Pacific and surviving its unpredictable squalls, gales, thunderstorms, and cyclones.

It’s uncertain how many people made the trip or why they left their homes. Were they pulled to sea, drawn by the hope of new lands to settle? Or pushed onto the waves by drought, hunger, or warfare? Or maybe they were just adventurers, eager to discover what lay beyond the horizon’s edge.

Whatever the reason, they prepared for a long journey. They brought gourds filled with fresh water, dried fruits, as well as dogs and pigs. They also brought cuttings of foods they hoped to plant, including tiny shoots of sugar cane—a crop that would come to shape the Hawai’i’s destiny as much as the arrival of the first people who introduced it.

Once these voyagers reached the islands, they found an untouched Eden: a world with no four-legged predators, no serpents or snakes, and few biting insects. The seas teamed with fish and swaying underwater gardens. The forests rang with trills and flashed with the yellow brilliance of birds that had tumbled out of the jet stream. The islands were home to flightless birds and other defenseless creatures.

The highest peaks of this volcanic chain soared more than thirteen thousand feet and were often covered with snow. When the volcanoes erupted, they’d spew orange-red lava, which sped down the slopes of the mountains, releasing clouds of steam when they hit the cooling waters of the Pacific. Beyond the shores lay a separate underwater world of fluorescent coral reefs.

Hawai’i may have looked like a gentle paradise, but the ancient Hawaiians knew its terrors. A volcanic eruption, the fury of the goddess Pele, might destroy villages of grass houses and bury carefully tended fields of sugar cane and sweet potatoes beneath ash. Jagged deserts of sharp, black lava could appear overnight, creating new land where there had once been sea.

Pele, on a whim, might send pungent swirls of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, infusing the air and the mountain streams with its rotten-egg scent, or she might hurl flames down the slopes. The goddess was a force to be worshipped and placated with small offerings: taro root, dried fish, or mountain berries left near the edge of the crater. Sometimes larger offerings were necessary and humans were thrown into the volcano’s depths to appease her.

The Polynesians who arrived in Hawai’i brought beliefs with them, including their long genealogies, memorized in the form of chants, and taboos, known as kapu. Like other South Sea Islanders, they believed in many gods. To worship them, they built stone temples, heiau, overseen by priests. They would lay offerings at fields and fish ponds, in hopes of the gods granting them good harvests. Priests, or kahuna, would perform ceremonies seeking prosperity by offering up a black pig.

Some chiefs ruled with the imperiousness of Pele. They’d order lawbreakers put to death in fearsome ritualized killings that took place in a heiau, accompanied by beating drums and chants. Carved wooden statues of Kû, the god of war, bore silent witness to strangulations, followed by their practice of scorching the human skins over fire.

Afterward, these fierce people would pile coconuts and bananas next to the blackened skins of the victims—the stink of burned human flesh mingling with the sweet fragrance of fruit.

Perhaps because they lived with the unpredictability of the earth and the seas, the ancient Hawaiians adopted strict rules governing nearly every aspect of life. Their world was hierarchical and status depended on blood rank. At the top were the high chiefs, or ali’i nui, who were treated like gods but, in turn, had obligations to the commoners. Below them were the lesser chiefs, known simply as the ali’i, followed by such honored posts as the haku mele, or master of song, who composed and memorized the long genealogical chants by which a family would extol its nobility. At the bottom were a small group of slaves and outcasts.

The high chiefs literally towered above the commoners: tall in stature and with majestic physical prowess, the ali’i almost seemed like a distinct race. They commanded absolute obeisance. Commoners who failed to heed the cry of “E noho e!” or “squat down!” as chiefs walked past risked instant death. Anyone who allowed his shadow to cross over that of the very highest chief faced having his throat slashed with a shark-toothed knife.

Is it any surprise that the Hawaiian creation chant, the Kumulipo, expresses awe at the world’s beginnings as well as a deep sense of dread and fear? The life of the ancient Hawaiian, particularly among commoners and slaves, was one of strict rules, harsh punishments, and the volatile uncertainty of life on a volcanic island. Chant seven begins,

O kau ke anoano, ia‘u kualono Fear falls upon me on the mountaintop He ano no ka po hane’e aku Fear of the passing night He ano no ka po hane’e mai Fear of the night approaching He ano no ka po pihapiha Fear of the pregnant night He ano no ka ha’iha’i Fear of the breach of law The lives and livelihoods of the commoners depended on the ali’i.

The lives and livelihoods of the commoners depended on the ali’i. Each of the eight populated islands was ruled by one or more chiefs. The ruling chief controlled the land, allocating arable sections to his followers, who, in turn, owed the chief his due, in the form of his share of their crops. In that sense, it was feudal. The chiefs also conscripted the commoners into armies and for countless years, warfare periodically erupted among rival ali’i, who fought over land, fishing rights, and perceived insults. But much of their time was spent in peaceful pursuits.

The ancient Hawaiians were ingenious in finding ways to use stones, plants, and bounty from the sea. They had no metal and had not discovered the wheel; instead, they used stone, shells, and hardened lava for tools. For this reason, later visitors would describe them as living in the Stone Age and in a sense they were.

With great care they cultivated taro, yams, and sweet potatoes planted in wedge-shaped sections of land that stretched from the mountains to the sea at their widest. Known as ahupua’a, these parcels of land often followed the paths of streams, giving each family group that worked them access to fish, arable land, timber, and fresh water.

To irrigate their fields, the Hawaiians built intricate stone aqueducts, some soaring twenty feet tall. They also dug extensive fish ponds, which allowed them to stockpile food. With limited resources, they found ways to make beautiful things, such as by weaving blades of dried grass into intricately patterned mats and dying them subtle shades of red from dyes derived from plants. They lived in framed houses lashed together with fiber and thatched with pili grass and covered their floors with finely woven sleeping mats.

Because commoners worked in the fields and tended the fish ponds, the ali’i could devote themselves to sports. Their favorite pastime was surfing and they rode the waves on enormous, carved wood boards—some more than eighteen feet long and weighing 150 pounds. Both male and female chiefs also excelled at related sports such as canoe-leaping, in which the surfer would jump from a canoe carrying his or her board into a cresting ocean swell, and then ride the wave to the shore.

When the surf was high, entire villages rushed to the beach. Men, women, and children would paddle out to ride the rolling waves. While Tahitians and other Pacific Islanders also surfed, the Hawaiians took the sport to a higher level—standing fearlessly on their massive boards, often three times as long as those used elsewhere in Polynesia.

The Hawaiians were magnificent athletes. Some excelled at cliff-­diving into the sea, from heights of many hundreds of feet. Even young women would strip naked and leap from the summit of high cliffs, diving headlong into the foaming water and bobbing up afterward. One can only imagine their dark hair streaming down their shoulders and their faces beaming with delight. 

Then came Captain Cook. Two ships, the Discovery and the Resolution, sailed into Kealakekua Bay on the island of Hawai’i in January, 1778, two years after Britain lost its American colonies. The Hawaiians first spotted Cook arriving on what they believed was a floating heiau, or temple. 

Was he the god Lono, who was prophesied to return during this season? A chief and a priest rowed out and boarded one of the strange ships. What they saw were men with fair skin, bright eyes, sharp noses, and deep-set eyes. At first, the Hawaiians didn’t recognize what the foreigners were wearing: their odd cocked hats seemed to be part of their heads and their clothing wrinkled skin. Upon reporting back, they concluded “This is indeed Lono, and this is his heiau come across the sea . . . !”

Cook and his men arrived at a time when the vast wealth generated from sugar plantations in the West Indies was fueling the expansion of the British Empire. Yet Cook wasn’t searching for sugarcane: he came in search of the elusive Northwest Passage—a fabled sea route between Europe and Asia.

When they landed, Cook and his men found fields flush with yams and taro nourished from cleverly-constructed aqueducts. They also found sugar—a plant brought to the islands by its original Polynesian settlers, who chewed stalks of cane to release the sweet juices inside. ­Although estimates vary, the islands supported a large and thriving population of people who farmed the coastal lowlands and fished the abundant sea.

To Cook’s surprise, the Hawaiians welcomed him and his men with lavish hospitality, offering hogs, sweet potatoes, feather capes, and cloth of tapa. They landed during the season when the Hawaiians worshipped the benevolent fertility god Lono and Cook was venerated as the god himself, or at least his emissary. 

To honor the Earl of Sandwich, who was then First Lord of Britain’s Admiralty, Cook named the islands after him. For decades afterward, they were known in the English-speaking world as the Sandwich Islands. He never found the Northwest Passage, but his discovery of the islands would open up the Hawaiians—who had remained isolated from the rest of the world for thousands of years—to the expanding economies and empires of the West.

The English sailors also brought fleas, infection, and fearsome new weapons to the islands. When Hawaiians stole metal objects from the foreigners, the English sailors fired muskets to scare them off. Soon, there were other confrontations and the Hawaiians came to learn the power of what they called the “death-dealing thing which the white men used and which squirted out like the gushing forth of water.” Recognizing their value, the Hawaiians avidly sought to trade for weapons by offering the English sailors hogs, chickens, and other items.

One young chief who visited Captain Cook aboard ship was Kamehameha, who was then in his mid-twenties. He approached the British vessel in a large, double canoe, paddled by about twenty-five men. A powerfully built man standing over six feet tall, he wore “a reserved, forbidding countenance” and a “keen, penetrating eye,” according to the ship’s surgeon. Within minutes of climbing aboard, Kamehameha was examining every part of it. The surgeon, who asked Kamehameha if he’d like him to explain how a compass worked, came to regret his offer because the chief questioned him “continually until he learned it.” Two decades later, with the aid of Western advisors and guns, Kamehameha would unite the island and found Hawai’i’s first ruling dynasty.

Although Cook forbade sexual intimacy between the sailors and the Hawaiians, the crews of the Discovery and the Resolution ignored his orders, as did the Hawaiian women, who swam out to the boats, offering themselves up freely in exchange for clothing, mirrors, scissors, knives, and metal hooks they could bend into fishhooks. The fevered pox of venereal disease soon spread rapidly across the islands, eventually leading to infertility and death among Hawaiians.

It wasn’t long before the Hawaiians and English sailors clashed. After sailing more than 200,000 miles and exploring from Newfoundland to the Antarctic, Captain Cook met a swift and bloody end on February 14, 1779. In a dispute over a stolen boat, Cook shot one of the Hawaiians. In turn, a group of them attacked a landing party of Cook’s men at the water’s edge. In the melee, one Hawaiian clubbed Cook, another stabbed him in the back. He fell face-first on a shelf of black lava in knee-deep water, where they continued to pummel him until he died.

The fatal skirmish touched off a burst of violence from the British. They fired the ships’ cannons into the crowd onshore and then shot six dead for throwing stones at a group of sailors who had gone ashore to find fresh water. They then set fire to 150 homes, and shot at the fleeing Hawaiians, bayoneting those who stayed behind.

Yet such bloodshed did not dissuade the Hawaiians that Cook deserved a chief’s deathly due: funeral rites including skinning and disemboweling the corpse. Perhaps as a gesture intended to end the hostilities, the Hawaiians returned a grisly package to the crew of the Discovery. Wrapped in a feather cloak, it contained scorched limbs, a scalp with the ears still attached, and, apparently to preserve them, two hands that had been scored and salted.

The British sailors, more horrified than honored by the return of Cook’s remains, lowered the Union Jack on both ships to half-mast, fired a ten-gun salute from the Resolution and tolled the ship’s bell before committing the great explorer’s remains to the deep. The ships left Kealakekua Bay shortly thereafter.

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Lost Kingdom: The Quest for Empire and the Making of the Russian Nation

  • By Serhii Plokhy
  • Basic Books
  • Reviewed by Earl M. Irving
  • October 30, 2017

An excellent primer for non-expert readers that explains the Soviets’ ageless drive to expand.

Lost Kingdom: The Quest for Empire and the Making of the Russian Nation

Feeling he was a player on the world stage to be reckoned with — having hosted his $50 billion Olympics in Sochi in February 2014 and emboldened by his invasion of Georgia in 2008 with negligible Western backlash — Russian President Vladimir Putin set his sights on Ukraine.

Putin reportedly told President George W. Bush at the 2008 NATO summit in Bucharest that “Ukraine is not even a state.” In 2014, he was quoted as saying, "People who have their own views on history and the history of our country may argue with me, but it seems to me that the Russian and Ukrainian peoples are practically one people." 

In the Aug. 9, 2017, edition of Newsweek, Peter Dickinson wrote that the “Kremlin clings to the idea that a silent majority of pro-Russian Ukrainians lies ready and waiting, poised to take over the reins in Kiev at the right moment and steer Ukraine back into the Kremlin orbit.”

Over the years, Putin has made the case that Russian identity was under threat in Ukraine, accusing the Ukrainian leadership in July during the Group of 20 Summit in Hamburg of “trading in Russophobia.”

What, then, is Russia, and who are the Russians, and why might Putin believe Russians and Ukrainians are “practically one people”? In his engrossing Lost Kingdom , Harvard professor Serhii Plokhy chronicles the search for a national narrative that grew out of medieval Kyiv Rus’ to encompass, at its zenith, one-sixth of the world’s landmass.

While histories of Russia abound, Plokhy’s focus on the span of Russia’s often-troubled relationship with its East Slavic neighbors, Ukraine and Ruthenia (later Belarus) — the founding members of the modern Russian state and where Russia has fought the majority of its wars — is relatively untrodden ground. As he writes:

“From the rise of the independent Muscovite state on the ruins of the Mongol empire to the reinvention of Russian nationhood after the fall of the USSR, my book follows the efforts of the Russian elites to restore the territorial unity of the ‘lost kingdom’ the medieval Kyivan state that provided all Eastern Slavs with much of their cultural legacy…But a particular feature of the Russian story is that its search for the ‘lost kingdom,’ coupled with its longing for imperial expansion and great-power status, is still going on. It is in pursuit of the vision that Russia has lost its way to modern nationhood, and in that sense has become a ‘lost kingdom’ in its own right.”

Taking us through nearly 600 years of Russian history, Plokhy weaves a rich tapestry that merits careful reading. At the start of each chapter, he put us in the middle of a seminal event that captures the period’s zeitgeist and explains the intellectual currents that justified Russia’s expansion.

He starts with Ivan III (1440-1505), known as Ivan the Great and gatherer of the Rus’ lands. Ivan III challenged the suzerainty of the Mongol khans and expanded the boundaries of Muscovy, the principality centered on the city of Moscow, to Lithuania and Kyiv itself.

He also seized control of the hierarchy of the Orthodox Church from Byzantium, giving rise to autocracy and religion as a distinguishing feature of the Russian form of government. Subsequently, Peter the Great’s victory over the Swedes and Alexander I’s pursuit of Napoleon’s army to Paris not only increased the size of Russia’s territory, but also gave rise to the nation as a world power.

Russian imperial nationality and religious policies in the Western borderlands created more complex relations. In the 19th century, linguists and ethnographers explored the different peoples and languages of the region and produced theories on the connection between language and nationality. To deal with the inhabitants of these territories, tsars adopted policies that ranged from favoring near-autonomy in the use of language in Ukrainian Galicia to Russian-only media and speech in Belarus.

The October 1917 revolution and establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics caused upheaval in the approach toward the nationalities question, from Lenin’s relatively benign attitude toward ethnic nationalism to Stalin’s brutal reversal of Lenin’s policy once he eliminated his rivals, assigning primacy to the Russian language and ethnic population.

The end of the USSR came when, following a hard-liners’ coup in 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev vacillated and lost control not only of the nationalities question, but the foundations of the state itself.

Though Plokhy’s scholarship is solid, his latest work is intended for a broad audience. Lost Kingdom is a book I would put on my “must read” list if assigned to Moscow as a Foreign Service officer. It contains the essential context of the reality into which the generalist officer is plunged and expected to become effective.

As written, the book will be much appreciated by the reader who has some background in Russian history and literature. That said, to help the less-specialized reader, Plokhy might have added a reference section listing all those mysterious Russian names with a brief explanation.

Earl M. Irving is a retired career Foreign Service officer and former ambassador to the Kingdom of Swaziland. He served in the political section of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow during the Soviet period. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Russian and political science from Middlebury College and a master’s degree in Slavic Languages and Literatures from the University of California, Berkeley.

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Lost Kingdom : Book summary and reviews of Lost Kingdom by Julia Flynn Siler

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Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings and America's First Imperial Adventure

by Julia Flynn Siler

Lost Kingdom by Julia Flynn Siler

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Published Jan 2012 480 pages Genre: History, Current Affairs and Religion Publication Information

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Book summary.

Around 200 A.D., intrepid Polynesians arrived at an undisturbed archipelago. For centuries, their descendants lived with little contact from the western world. In 1778, their isolation was shattered with the arrival of Captain Cook. Deftly weaving together a memorable cast of characters, Lost Hawaii brings to life the ensuing clash between a vulnerable Polynesian people and relentlessly expanding capitalist powers. Portraits of royalty and rogues, sugar barons, and missionaries combine into a sweeping tale of the Hawaiian Kingdom's rise and fall. At the center of the story is Lili'uokalani, the last queen of Hawai'i. Born in 1838, she lived through the nearly complete economic transformation of the islands. Lucrative sugar plantations gradually subsumed the majority of the land, owned almost exclusively by white planters, dubbed the "Sugar Kings." Hawai'i became a prize in the contest between America, Britain, and France, each seeking to expand their military and commercial influence in the Pacific. The monarchy had become a figurehead, victim to manipulation from the wealthy sugar plantation owners. Lili'uokalani was determined to enact a constitution to reinstate the monarchy's power but was outmaneuvered by the U.S. The annexation of Hawai'i had begun, ushering in a new century of American imperialism.

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Reader reviews.

"Siler's history would have benefited from an interpretive thread, but it makes up in sympathetic detail what it lacks in stimulating ideas." - Publishers Weekly "Siler rehearses the dark imperial history of how Americans first arrived in the islands, how they rose in power and how they deposed the queen and took everything… This is mostly the story of white entrepreneurs and missionaries who came and conquered... A well-rendered narrative of paradise and imperialism." - Kirkus Reviews "The missionary-educated [queen's] efforts to straddle both the modern and traditional Hawaiian worlds proved futile. This is a well-written, fast-moving saga." - Booklist "This imperial land grab in our not so distant past is far too little known. I hope that Julia Flynn Siler's lively, moving, colorful account will help restore it to the place in our national memory where it ought to be." - Adam Hochschild, author of To End all Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion, 1914-1918 and Kings Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa "Only one American state was formally a sovereign monarchy. In this compelling narrative, the award-winning journalist Julia Flynn Siler chronicles how this Pacific kingdom, creation of a proud Polynesian people, was encountered, annexed, and absorbed." - Kevin Starr, Historian, University of Southern California

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Author Information

Julia flynn siler.

Julia Flynn Siler is an award-winning journalist. Her book, The House of Mondavi: The Rise and Fall of an American Wine Dynasty was a New York Times bestseller. She has written for Business Week and The New York Times , and is now a contributing writer for The Wall Street Journal in San Francisco. She lives in Northern California with her husband and sons. You can find her online at www.juliaflynnsiler.com .

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Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom Swims to HBO Max Later This Month

Final dceu film soon available to all max subscribers..

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Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom swims to Max on February 27, 2024.

Max announced the news on X/Twitter, sharing an image of star Jason Mamoa and the words: "the tide is turning. #Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom will be available to stream February 27 exclusively on Max."

The tide is turning. #Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom will be available to stream February 27 exclusively on Max. pic.twitter.com/Z2kVtpbDnW — Max (@StreamOnMax) February 20, 2024

Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom is the last DCEU film to be part the DCEU before James Gunn and Peter Safran's DCU begins, and was released in theaters on December 22, 2023. It didn't make a huge splash during its opening weekend, however, as it only earned $28.1 million in North America.

It did pick up some speed during its theatrical run as it ended up bringing in $123.6 million domestically and $433.4 million worldwide, per Box Office Mojo. That puts it just in front of The Flash's $108.1 million and behind Shazam!'s $140.3 million at ninth place in the DCEU in North America.

Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom Gallery

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In our Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom review, we said that when it is "being an Aquaman story and leaning into the silliness and family aspects of it all, it’s fun. The enjoyable bits are just sandwiched between some ugly effects and a weird first act that feel cobbled together from a very different movie."

For more, check out our explainer of the ending of Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom and how the latest superhero film - Madame Web - reviewed and performed at the box office.

Have a tip for us? Want to discuss a possible story? Please send an email to [email protected] .

Adam Bankhurst is a news writer for IGN. You can follow him on Twitter @AdamBankhurst and on Twitch.

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Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom

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The Color Purple: How Accurate Is the Musical to the Book?

How accurate is the award-winning 2023 movie to the novel?

The Big Picture

  • Sofia shines in the 2023 adaptation of The Color Purple , showcasing her strength and impact on Celie's journey.
  • The relationship between Celie and Shug is more explicit in the 2023 film, embracing the queer themes of Walker's novel more boldly.
  • Nettie's story is minimized in the adaptation, missing key details from the novel, but still delivers an emotional impact in the end.

Alice Walker's Pulitzer Prize-winning 1982 novel The Color Purple had its second theatrical adaptation during the holiday season of last year, a fantastic musical that was able to adapt the story closer to the book than the original 1985 Steven Spielberg -directed film starring Whoopi Goldberg . Spielberg's film was a monumental point in his filmmaking and has become a classic for many fans . In 2005, a Broadway musical opened that adapted the story closer to the novel, and it returned in 2017 with a Revival starring Cynthia Erivo , the star of the highly anticipated upcoming Wicked film .

This new film, which is adapting both the novel and the Broadway show, is helmed by Blitz Bazawule, starring Fantasia Barrino as Celie, who originated the role in the Broadway adaptation. While the 2023 film was more faithful to Walker's book, there are still many things that are lost in the change of media, and it even makes changes from the original film, which is still a huge inspiration , cementing it as its own adaptation of the story that will likely become beloved for years to come.

The Color Purple 2023 Film Poster

The Color Purple

A decades-spanning tale of love and resilience and of one woman's journey to independence. Celie faces many hardships in her life, but ultimately finds extraordinary strength and hope in the unbreakable bonds of sisterhood.

Sofia is Missing A Huge Character Moment

The Color Purple may be Celie's story, but Sofia ( Danielle Brooks ) has some of the most iconic moments. In this film, she has the powerhouse performance of "Hell No" after Celie tells her husband Harpo ( Corey Hawkins ) to beat her to get her in line. "Hell No" is the standout scene for Sofia this time around. It shows the strength in her character, and how she inspires Celie to eventually stand up for herself and take back her life for her own. It also provides even more of a tragedy for the eventual breakdown of her character's experiences in prison. When Sofia's imprisonment ends, she is quickly whisked away from her family by Miss Millie ( Elizabeth Marvel ), who has "graciously" offered a job to help Sofia get back on her feet. Miss Millie is one of the few White characters in this story, and her cruelty is just as bad as some of the other abusers here. This scene is likely meant to finish Sofia's arc quicker because it happens much later in the novel.

Sofia does indeed go to work for Miss Millie after she is released from prison. However, in the novel, Miss Millie cannot drive. So, as part of her job, Sofia is teaching Miss Millie how to drive her car. When Christmas rolls around, Miss Millie gives Sofia the privilege of spending time with her family, promising to drive her and then come pick her back up later in the day, since Sofia never gets to see her family anymore working for Miss Millie. Following through on her promise, Miss Millie drives Sofia over to the house, filled with all her loved ones. Just as Sofia is getting comfortable in the house, they hear a commotion outside. Miss Millie didn't know how to get the car into reverse, and she forces Sofia to drive her all the way home, unable to spend time with her loved ones. It's one of the most heart-wrenching scenes in the book and is adapted in the Spielberg film, starring Oprah Winfrey as Sofia. This new adaptation merges this scene and Sofia's release from prison into one, and while it works, it is not as impactful.

Danielle Brooks, Fantasia Barrino, and Taraji P Henson as Sophia, Celie, and Shug Avery on the poster for The Color Purple

'The Color Purple' Remake Gets Digital, 4K UHD, Blu-ray, and DVD Release Dates

Celie and shug's relationship is even more explicit.

One of the fundamentals of The Color Purple is its exploration of a Black woman's queerness. The original film's major criticism is the fact that it shied away from portraying the sapphic relationship that is integral to the story, and Spielberg himself has commented on the portrayal . In the previous version, there is one scene where Celie and Shug ( Margaret Avery ) share a few kisses on a bed, and it's implied they sleep together as the camera moves away from them. It's a very tame, fade-to-black presentation that, while big for the time, allowed a lot of people to view the relationship between the two women as platonic, instead of romantic as it should be . From one of the 2023 adaptation's first scenes, where Celie sings as she washes Shug ( Taraji P. Henson ) in the bathtub, to their romantic movie date that ends in a love ballad and a kiss, there is no denying the queer story of Celie and Shug. Yet, the film still leaves a lot to be desired in some areas.

Walker's book is unafraid of pushing the boundaries of what can be spoken about in all aspects of it. It makes sense that she would not want to shy away from the explicitness of this relationship either. Celie and Shug are quite literally laid bare for the reader to experience both their romantic connection and sexuality over many years, even including a breakup. Nearly all of that in the film is streamlined into a clear relationship with an uncertain ending. Both films are PG-13, of course, they don't have to be as explicit as the novel, but when the film already has us seeing the horror of sexual assault, it should find a way to juxtapose Celie's first time when she consents and enjoys it with another person without tip-toeing around it so much. The one thing this movie does get props for is the fact that their relationship is at least clear in this film. It's 2024, and queer themes should be adapted to their full potential , as we have seen in other material earlier in the year like The Last of Us .

Nettie's Story is Missing From 'The Color Purple'

The biggest choice both adaptations make is the major cuts to Nettie's (Halle Bailey/Ciara) screen time. It's the hardest part of adapting The Color Purple , finding a balance for a character that spends most of the time off-screen, yet has such an importance to the story that she needs to make an impact. Celie and Nettie's sibling connection is the only constant in Celie's life . Her love for her sister (and her children) gets her through the toughest parts of her life. They live most of their years apart, and the tragedy of the love between them is what makes The Color Purple so tragic yet heartwarming in its end. The film, understandably, has little of Nettie in it. There is one brief flash to the life Nettie lives in Africa, after Shug and Celie discover the letters Mister ( Coleman Domingo ) has hidden from her for decades, accompanied by the song "Agoo." But that is all we see of Nettie until the very end of the film.

The novel has a much easier way of connecting the reader to Nettie as it reveals the unanswered letters she wrote to Celie. It's a true dive into her character that shows all that was skipped over in the films, such as how Nettie came to be with the missionary couple, Samuel ( David Alan Grier ) and Corrine ( Emana Rachelle ), and found out that their children were adopted, and, in fact, her sister Celie's children. Nettie details her life in Africa in the letters and how culturally different it is, while also trying to save the village they live in from colonialism. After Corrine dies in Africa, Nettie even marries Samuel. There's a whole history of this character that's missing on the silver screen, but there's no way to adapt this much of Nettie that would fit into an already lengthy runtime . Maybe if this were a series it would work better , but the film does its best with the runtime, and Celie and Nettie's reunion is still exceptionally emotional at the end of the film.

Realistically, there is no way to adapt Alice Walker's phenomenal novel to the screen . Even the runtime of a TV show wouldn't be able to get everything in, simply because the novel is told so personally through letters. So much is said in the novel's words, that the film can only hope that it can convey the same message. With such introspective dives into the character, a lot is lost. To that, the musical does have one advantage; it can and does use song to get those emotions across clearly. While there may be changes, The Color Purple (2023) has a more authentic heart and is closer to the book. This film deserves to be remembered as such a good, emotional adaptation of Walker's timeless novel as it will likely become a classic just like the first film.

The Color Purple is currently streaming on Max in the U.S.

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Hawaii's last queen, the sugar kings, and america's first imperial adventure.

  • 4.1 • 12 Ratings

Publisher Description

The New York Times –bestselling author delivers “a riveting saga about Big Sugar flexing its imperialist muscle in Hawaii . . . A real gem of a book” (Douglas Brinkley, author of American Moonshot ).   Deftly weaving together a memorable cast of characters, Lost Kingdom brings to life the clash between a vulnerable Polynesian people and relentlessly expanding capitalist powers. Portraits of royalty and rogues, sugar barons, and missionaries combine into a sweeping tale of the Hawaiian Kingdom’s rise and fall.   At the center of the story is Lili‘uokalani, the last queen of Hawai‘i. Born in 1838, she lived through the nearly complete economic transformation of the islands. Lucrative sugar plantations gradually subsumed the majority of the land, owned almost exclusively by white planters, dubbed the “Sugar Kings.” Hawai‘i became a prize in the contest between America, Britain, and France, each seeking to expand their military and commercial influence in the Pacific.   The monarchy had become a figurehead, victim to manipulation from the wealthy sugar plantation owners. Lili‘u was determined to enact a constitution to reinstate the monarchy’s power but was outmaneuvered by the United States. The annexation of Hawai‘i had begun, ushering in a new century of American imperialism.   “An important chapter in our national history, one that most Americans don’t know but should.” — The New York Times Book Review   “Siler gives us a riveting and intimate look at the rise and tragic fall of Hawaii’s royal family . . . A reminder that Hawaii remains one of the most breathtaking places in the world. Even if the kingdom is lost.” — Fortune   “[A] well-researched, nicely contextualized history . . . [Indeed] ‘one of the most audacious land grabs of the Gilded Age.’” — Los Angeles Times

PUBLISHERS WEEKLY OCT 10, 2011

Behind the modern bustle of the nation's only island state lies this sad, sobering tale of decline, betrayal, and imperialism. It centers on the admirable last monarch of the Hawaiians, Queen Lilu'okalani, who struggled against palace intrigue, American sugar barons, and eventually cynical American military diplomacy before losing her throne in 1893, a few years before the U.S. simply annexed the Hawaiian islands as American territory. Wall Street Journal contributing writer Siler (The House of Mondavi: The Rise and Fall of an American Wine Dynasty) skillfully weaves the tangled threads of this story into a satisfying tapestry about the late 19th-century death of a small nation at the hands of United States imperialists and businessmen like Claus Spreckels, a German immigrant grocer turned sugar refiner, who by 1876 had bought up half of Hawaii's anticipated sugar crop. The leading character, the queen, comes off as more done to than doing, yet Siler convinces you that the well-meaning, staunch Lilu'okalani had few options when confronted with superior power. Siler's history would have benefited from an interpretive thread, but it makes up in sympathetic detail what it lacks in stimulating ideas.

Customer Reviews

A fantastically researched book written with rich detail, I enjoyed this book so much though it’s a somewhat tragic story. America’s “manifest destiny” continues to be a black eye in our history as the misery we export continues to wreak havoc around the world. I find it ironic that the flowery prose of our founding fathers that spelled out a commitment to liberty and justice led almost immediately to brutal imperialist pursuits around the world (not to mention our instant quest to eliminate the Native Americans). It’s also worth pointing out that the object of American greed in Hawaii was sugar…an insatiable American appetite for the single most ruinous ingredient led to the demise of a sovereign island nation. Sad stuff.

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Screen Rant

The last kingdom movie was the wrong way to end uhtred's story (despite being great).

Seven Kings Must Die brought Uhtred's story to a dramatic end, but it wasn't the best conclusion for the popular historic action franchise

  • Seven Kings Must Die's epic scope and positive reception were overshadowed by potential missed opportunities for a final season.
  • The movie's compressed narrative struggled to develop key characters, leaving beloved figures unresolved and changing the story's complexion.
  • Despite the shortcomings, a feature finale for The Last Kingdom gave Uhtred's odyssey an epic quality that befits his grand adventure.

Netflix's swashbuckling Anglo-Saxon series The Last Kingdom ended in spectacular style with the feature-length Seven Kings Must Die , yet despite the movie's generally positive reception, the franchise would've been far better served by a sixth and final season. Continuing the story of Uhtred of Bebbanburg , the movie brought many of the series' most prominent characters' stories to a close. However, while the film's scope was certainly epic, other aspects of its approach did not feel right within the broader concept of The Last Kingdom 's five preceding seasons .

Seven Kings Must Die takes its inspiration from the final novel in author Bernard Cornwell's The Saxon Stories series. The plot revolves around a desperate dash for the English throne as Edward's disputed heir (and Uhtred's former ally), Aethelstan, stakes his claim to the crown. Opposing him is an extensive alliance of kings, leading to all-out conflict with, as the title suggests, very few survivors. Seven Kings Must Die was broadly praised, scoring 82% on Rotten Tomatoes and registering impressive viewing figures. Despite this, the movie fell short in ways that The Last Kingdom season 6 could have avoided.

Seven Kings Must Die Was A Change Of Pace For The Last Kingdom

The story suffered as a result..

In isolation, Seven Kings Must Die 's story seems relatively straightforward. At its core, the film follows various alliances, betrayals, and political maneuverings, all leading towards a climactic contest where one party emerges victorious. Although Anglo-Saxon England is somewhat underrepresented in cinema, the broad strokes of the narrative echo throughout several well-known movies, such as Kurosawa's Ran and various other Shakespeare adaptations.

The whole story feels compressed and rushed, negatively affecting the viewer's sense of the stakes involved.

The problem with this approach is that, unless the movie is given a genuinely epic runtime, packing in enough character development and story to make every party's motivations compelling and believable into a single film is extremely difficult . The result is that, with the exception of the legacy characters from The Last Kingdom , many of Seven Kings Must Die 's key players fall flat – appearing and disappearing before the audience has time to become invested. The whole story feels compressed and rushed, negatively affecting the viewer's sense of the stakes involved.

By contrast, one of the successes of The Last Kingdom as a series was how particular plots and characters were allowed to naturally grow and develop over time. Uhtred's tempestuous relationships with the various kings of Wessex were believable because they were allowed to flourish over multiple episodes. Had the movie's story been extended over the same time frame as previous The Last Kingdom installments, the adaptation would have been able to fully develop key storylines and themes . In some ways, this is not dissimilar to the sense left by another notoriously rushed finale – HBO's Game of Thrones .

Characters in The Last Kingdom: Seven Kings Must Die ending

The Last Kingdom: Seven Kings Must Die Ending Explained

The last kingdom season 6 would've been better for supporting characters, many didn't get their deserved ending..

This collage shows the poster for The Last Kingdom with Stiorra with fire behind her.

A major criticism from fans of the series was that Seven Kings Must Die left several characters' stories either entirely unresolved or unfairly curtailed. Fan favorites like Stiorra, Eadith, and Hild were completely left out, despite playing key roles in The Last Kingdom up until the movie , while major players like Aelswith and Edward (whose death kicks off the entire story) were also ignored. The complexity of some of these character arcs makes their omission understandable in a 111-minute movie. Yet their absence is keenly felt and changes the whole complexion of the story.

Had The Last Kingdom season 6 been made instead of the movie, it's much more likely that these beloved characters would have had a proper send-off. Furthermore, the final season could have better-addressed character absences that are explained in the film – such as Young Uhtred's mysterious visit to Rome. Giving due respect to every core character is not always easy. Yet, by virtue of its shortened runtime, Seven Kings Must Die ended up diminishing the legacy of some of the show's most important figures.

The Last Kingdom Season 6 Would've Been Closer To The Books

Some key details were missed out..

seven kings must die last kingdom aethelstan

Just as The Last Kingdom season 6 would have been able to flesh out supporting characters, the original novel by Bernard Cornwell is a much more detailed version of the Seven Kings Must Die story. Warlord gives scope for characters like the treacherous Ingilmundr to fully develop, rather than simply emerging as a major player with little prior context . The book also provides greater insight into the mindset of Aethelstan, who seems completely transformed from the character many viewers are familiar with in the series.

An image of Uhtred holding two swords in The Last Kingdom

The Last Kingdom: Seven Kings Must Die - Returning Cast & New Character Guide

Had The Last Kingdom finished with a final season rather than a movie, it's likely that it still would have deviated from the source material. After all, each of the show's previous seasons made some significant alterations to Cornwell's timeline and characters. However, any changes to the plot would have been mitigated by a season being able to replicate the pace and feel of the source novel . By better exploring the motivations of characters like Aethelstan, Seven Kings Must Die would not only have done the book character justice but would also have become a stronger story in its own right.

Seven Kings Must Die Still Makes Sense As An Ending

Finishing with a movie was a valid option..

The Last Kingdom: Seven Kings Must Die characters

Despite the pacing, story, and character issues that resulted from the decision to finish The Last Kingdom with a movie rather than a sixth season, there are still reasons why Seven Kings Must Die works best as a feature. For starters, the practical considerations and costs involved of reuniting such an extensive cast would have been considerable. Furthermore, had every important figure actually made a return, it could have led to The Last Kingdom season 6 feeling as overstuffed as the movie – albeit over a longer timeframe.

The biggest reason that a feature finale makes sense, however, is that it gives The Last Kingdom 's ending the epic quality that it deserves. Had Uhtred's story definitively finished in a single hour-long episode, many viewers would inevitably have felt the character had been short-changed. After so many battles and adventures, it makes sense for the character's final story to be his grandest yet . Making Seven Kings Must Die into a movie provides that scale. The end result may not be perfect, but it still stands up as a worth addendum to Uhtred's odyssey.

The Last Kingdom Seven Kings Must Die Movie Poster

The Last Kingdom: Seven Kings Must Die

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critic’s notebook

Those $399 Gold Trump Sneakers Are About a Lot More Than Shoes

What is Trump really selling when he is selling footwear?

Former President Donald J. Trump stands onstage at a microphone. Before him on the podium is a gold hightop sneaker with an American flag at the ankle.

By Vanessa Friedman

Of all the merch hawked by the former president and current presidential candidate Donald J. Trump and related entities over the past few months — the gold (chocolate) bars, the wines , the superhero NFTs — is any of it more Trumpian than the $399 Never Surrender sneakers unveiled over the weekend at Sneaker Con in Philadelphia ? They are like a road map to Mr. Trump’s value system and electoral strategy in sartorial form.

Gilded hightops as shiny as the chandeliers at Mar-a-Lago, they have an American flag wrapping the ankle like the forest of flags that spring up behind Mr. Trump whenever he takes a stage. They have red soles made to match his trademark red ties (and the flag) and perhaps as a sly nod to Christian Louboutins and the semiology of luxury footwear. Also, there’s a large embossed “T” on the side and on the tongue.

While they are “bold, gold and tough, just like President Trump,” according to the Trump sneakers website, allowing potential owners to “be a part of history,” they boast zero technical performance attributes. While they have a shape similar to Nike Air Force 1s (get it? Air Force One!), they are unabashed imitations of the original.

It’s tempting to dismiss the offering as all flash and marketing with little substance. That’s what Michael Tyler , a spokesman for the Biden campaign, did, saying, “Donald Trump showing up to hawk bootleg Off-Whites is the closest he’ll get to any Air Force Ones ever again for the rest of his life.”

Or to think of them as Mr. Trump’s answer to the Biden campaign’s TikTok presence : an effort to associate himself with the cool embedded in the whole idea of sneaker culture, not to mention the energy and athleticism implied by the “Just Do It” model. Despite the fact that Mr. Trump himself is almost never seen wearing a sneaker, or doing much exercise.

Yet the merching of the moment is more dangerous than it may initially appear.

There has been a lot of eye-rolling since the sneakers’ debut, and jokes about the fact that, given the millions of dollars in penalties levied on Mr. Trump in his various civil cases, he has to make more money somewhere. And there was a lot of focus on the boos that met his appearance at Sneaker Con. (To be fair, the sneakerhead community is not the market for the kicks since there’s nothing original about them; it’s the MAGA market.)

It’s easy to get distracted by the sheer absurdity of it all — a former president, selling sneakers!

There are so many ways Mr. Trump has challenged the norms of the presidential system that such merch can seem the least of the matter. What is selling NFTs with pieces of a mug shot suit compared with the indictment that necessitated the mug shot? What is offering $99 Victory47 cologne in a gold bottle with a gold Trump head as a stopper (another product available on the sneaker website) compared with offering to throw NATO allies to Russia like little pieces of red meat? Besides, realistically, there’s no way the sneakers will provide much of a financial boost to Trump World.

The sneakers are being created by a company known as 45Footwear LLC and are not officially “designed, manufactured, distributed or sold by Donald J. Trump, the Trump Organization or any of their respective affiliates or principals,” according to a disclaimer on the sneaker website. That company licenses the Trump name and image from one called CIC Ventures LLC , which happens to have the same address as the Trump International Golf Club in West Palm Beach, Fla. The Trump sneaker website looks a lot like the Trump NFT website, and as with that arrangement, Mr. Trump most likely receives a licensing fee. He did present the sneakers at Sneaker Con himself.

Despite the fact that, as of Sunday, the website claimed that the 1,000 pairs of numbered Never Surrender sneakers had sold out, leaving the somewhat less exciting T-Red cherry knit sneaks and Potus 45 white knit sneaks available at $199 each, it’s hard to imagine a circumstance in which the shoes provide any meaningful source of income.

What they offer is something else.

Like Mr. Trump’s tendency to turn every courtroom appearance into a form of entertainment that can be used as a campaign op, his effort to commoditize his legal jeopardy is a long-term strategic play. In reducing his indictments to a slogan on a consumer good, he is reducing their gravity.

It’s a form of insidious trivialization, the sort of tactic that plays perfectly in the landscape of late-stage capitalism in which everything is a product for sale. Oh, those old federal charges? They’re not serious; they’re a style choice. He’s transforming indictments into accessories, a language everyone speaks. The more product he sells, the more he makes a mockery of his situation. That’s where the real profit lies.

Vanessa Friedman has been the fashion director and chief fashion critic for The Times since 2014. More about Vanessa Friedman

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Let’s Av it! … Gordon Cormier as Aang in Avatar: The Last Airbender.

Avatar: The Last Airbender review – a sparkling return for one of the greatest fantasy series of all time

After two decades of waiting, we’re back in the Airbender universe with a live-action blue-eyed boy … who traps himself in an iceberg for a century so he can save the shattered world. What a thrilling ride

I n case you’re new to the Airbender universe – Netflix’s adventure drama Avatar: The Last Airbender is a live-action remake of the popular Nickelodeon animated series of the same name, which debuted in 2005. It is linked to the 2010 M Night Shyamalan film The Last Airbender – that was also a live-action version of the cartoon – but none of the Airbender properties is anything to do with the highest-grossing movie of all time, Avatar, whose copyright lawyers nabbed the simple one-word title everyone wanted. Being forced to add a colon and a clunky subheading to its name did not stop Avatar: The Last Airbender from becoming one of the most acclaimed animated series of all time. Almost two decades on, the fanbase is still there, ready to follow the story anew.

The narrative fits the template of countless fantasy series, with a world split into kingdoms that are perpetually at war or on the brink of it, where young people wield an uncommon influence and where magical powers exist to be used or abused. Here, there are regions defined by fire, earth, water and air, with each population containing “benders” – people with the ability to bend their local element to their will and use it as a weapon. At any one time there is a single person, the Avatar, who has the potential to learn how to bend all four elements and become an omnipotent, celestial peacekeeper whose eyes turn blue when they’re about to sort a bad guy out.

Episode one introduces 12-year-old Aang (Gordon Cormier), a prodigious airbender who has just received shocking news from his elders: he is the next Avatar. Then the nefarious fire people, taking advantage of a comet that increases their powers, invade and kill all the airbenders except Aang, who suspends himself inside an iceberg for a century before emerging, teaming up with 14-year-old waterbender Katara (Kiawentiio) and her warrior older brother Sokka (Ian Ousley), and setting off on a quest to complete his training and rebuild a shattered world.

Kiawentiio as Katara, Gordon Cormier as Aang, Ian Ousley as Sokka in Avatar: The Last Airbender.

That we are not sure how people knew Aang was the Avatar, or how the thing with the comet worked, or how Aang knew he should trap himself inside an icy pod thing, is not meant to detain us. This is a familiar tale of a kid with a big future. Aang, who helpfully comes from a tribe with face markings in the form of a big arrow pointing down towards the face – so everyone can see this is the main guy, right here – would rather reject his destiny and goof off like a normal kid. “I never asked to be special!” is one of several on-the-nose lines of dialogue reinforcing the idea that this garlanded child will have to sacrifice his youth to perform his sacred duties.

Before long, however, Aang has his first run-in with Prince Zuko (Dallas Liu), a prince of the warmongering Fire Nation – who we know is a self-hating baddie because he has a facial disfigurement (such is the slightly troubling visual grammar of the fantasy genre). The burn mark across his eye says he is an exile, rejected by the king and with a nasty combination of violent urges and unresolved daddy issues. When Zuko shows that he is willing to pursue Aang across continents in the hope of capturing the new Avatar and proving himself to the folks back home, incinerating any civilians who get in his way, Aang’s eyes go blue and the arrow on his head begins glowing, as he accepts his calling and says yes: let’s Av it.

And so Aang and his companions are chased from one location to another – Katara and Sokka’s homeland looks a lot like Alaska, while the island kingdom the heroic trio visit next is unmistakably styled to resemble feudal Japan. Everywhere they go, life lessons are learned and hand-to-hand combat engaged in, with the strongly choreographed fight sequences adding an exciting rock/paper/scissors-esque twist to what would otherwise be regular martial arts battles, as benders of different elements face-off. Will fire evaporate water? Can water turn earth to mud? And will air put fire out, or will it have a sort of bellows effect that just makes everything worse?

The landscapes sparkle, there is a giant six-legged flying bison that carries everyone spectacularly from place to place through the clouds and the young cast are up to the task. Ousley and Kiawentiio strike up a nicely spiky sibling relationship as Sokka and Katara, while Cormier gives Aang the right mix of boyish cheek and inherent authority, as the three of them uphold the impression that a child and two teenagers can defeat genocidal authoritarians with wholesome pluck, gentle sarcasm and the ability to summon a hurricane. The Airbender franchise has confidently revived itself; this won’t be the last we see of it.

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lost kingdom book review

Julia Flynn Siler's new book, "Lost Kingdom: Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's First Imperial Adventure," recounts that tale using more than 275 sources, including ...

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Julia Flynn Siler is a New York Times best-selling author and journalist. Her new book, The White Devil's Daughters: The Fight Against Slavery in San Francisco's Chinatown, will be published by Alfred A. Knopf in May of 2019.Her most recent book is Lost Kingdom: Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's First Imperial Adventure.Her first book was the The House of Mondavi: The ...

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Title: Lost Kingdom (Lost Kingdom #1) Author: Laurel Black. Published: Expected publication date is January 17, 2024. Note: I received an ARC from the author in exchange for an honest review. Publisher: Stormeer Press. Pages: 458. Format: Paperback. Genres: Fiction — Fantasy, Romance, Young adult, High fantasy, Fantasy romance, Young adult ...

Laurel Black Stormeer Press (Jan 17, 2024) Softcover $15.99 978-1-60842-425-2 A girl looking to recover her stolen memories and magical abilities possesses a map that leads to an object that could save a boy's betrothed in Laurel Black's adventure-filled fantasy novel Lost Kingdom, in which two quests converge.. Raven is a prisoner working in the mines of an enemy city when Jeddak ...

The author's story really has no heroes. Although she is deeply sympathetic with the last queen, Lili'uokalani, the monarchs of Hawaii during the latter part of the 19th century did not exactly rule with Solomonic wisdom or Diogenic austerity. They coddled the white planters, amassed enormous debts and lived an egregiously wasteful lifestyle.

The New York Times Book Review praises Lost Kingdom in a full-page review entitled "The Other Side of Paradise." Read the full review here.. The San Francisco Chronicle leads its Sunday review section with Lost Kingdom, calling it a story told with "agitating freshness" and "a powerful act of transport."Read the full review here.. The Los Angeles Times praises Lost Kingdom in a ...

The New York Times-bestselling author delivers "a riveting saga about Big Sugar flexing its imperialist muscle in Hawaii . . . A real gem of a book" (Douglas Brinkley, author of American Moonshot). Deftly weaving together a memorable cast of characters, Lost Kingdom brings to life the clash between a vulnerable Polynesian people and relentlessly expanding capitalist powers.

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The New York Times Book Review Julia Flynn Siler's Lost Kingdom: Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's First Imperial Adventure is a well-told history of the U.S. acquisition of Hawaii. The central figure is Lili'uokalani, who had the misfortune of being queen when Uncle Sam closed his grasp on the islands."

Lost KingdomHawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's First Imperial AdventureBy...

The review of 'Lost Kingdom' by Laurel Black provides valuable insights into the author's storytelling and narrative style. It acknowledges the author's balanced assessment, highlighting strengths and potential areas for improvement.

Lost Kingdom . Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's First Imperial Venture . Julia Flynn Siler | 4.02 | 952 ratings and reviews

Lost Kingdom is the tragic story of Lili'uokalani's family and their fortunes. The monarchy had become a figurehead, victim to manipulation from the wealthy sugar-plantation owners. ... —The New York Times Book Review "Siler's Lost Kingdom is a riveting saga about Big Sugar flexing its imperialist muscle in Hawaii. Its impossible not ...

"From the rise of the independent Muscovite state on the ruins of the Mongol empire to the reinvention of Russian nationhood after the fall of the USSR, my book follows the efforts of the Russian elites to restore the territorial unity of the 'lost kingdom' the medieval Kyivan state that provided all Eastern Slavs with much of their ...

Laurel Black. 4.42. 84 ratings52 reviews. Trusting him is the only way to save the kingdom. Betraying her is the only way to keep them both alive. Stripped of her memories and her magic, Raven has been left for dead. As a prisoner in the enemy's mineral mines, her only clue to who she is and where she came from is the mysterious map tattooed ...

This information about Lost Kingdom was first featured in "The BookBrowse Review" - BookBrowse's membership magazine, and in our weekly "Publishing This Week" newsletter.Publication information is for the USA, and (unless stated otherwise) represents the first print edition. The reviews are necessarily limited to those that were available to us ahead of publication.

Aquaman and the Lost Kingdom is coming to Max in just one week. Not long after arriving on VOD platforms, the Aquaman sequel will be available to stream for free with a Max subscription beginning ...

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—The New York Times Book Review "Siler gives us a riveting and intimate look at the rise and tragic fall of Hawaii's royal family . . . A reminder that Hawaii remains one of the most breathtaking places in the world. Even if the kingdom is lost." —Fortune "[A] well-researched, nicely contextualized history . . .

Netflix's swashbuckling Anglo-Saxon series The Last Kingdom ended in spectacular style with the feature-length Seven Kings Must Die, yet despite the movie's generally positive reception, the franchise would've been far better served by a sixth and final season.Continuing the story of Uhtred of Bebbanburg, the movie brought many of the series' most prominent characters' stories to a close.

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Essay on Nelson Mandela | Nelson Mandela Essay for Students and Children in English

నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై ఎస్సే | ఆంగ్లంలో విద్యార్థులు మరియు పిల్లల కోసం నెల్సన్ మండేలా వ్యాసం తెలుగులో | Essay on Nelson Mandela | Nelson Mandela Essay for Students and Children in English In Telugu

నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై ఎస్సే | ఆంగ్లంలో విద్యార్థులు మరియు పిల్లల కోసం నెల్సన్ మండేలా వ్యాసం తెలుగులో | Essay on Nelson Mandela | Nelson Mandela Essay for Students and Children in English In Telugu - 1500 పదాలు లో

నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై ఎస్సే: అతను తన జీవితంలో 27 సంవత్సరాలు జైలులో గడిపాడు, అది కూడా ప్రపంచంలోని అత్యంత భయంకరమైన ప్రదేశాలలో ఒకటి. చాలా మంది వ్యక్తులు తమ జీవితాలను నిర్బంధంలో గడిపారు, కానీ మీ సూత్రాలు చెక్కుచెదరకుండా దాని నుండి బయటపడటం పూర్తిగా భిన్నమైన కథ. ఇది నెల్సన్ మండేలా కథ.

"జీవించడంలో ఉన్న గొప్ప మహిమ ఎప్పుడూ పడకపోవడంలో కాదు, మనం పడిపోయిన ప్రతిసారీ లేవడంలోనే ఉంది." -నెల్సన్ మండేలా

మీరు వ్యాసాలు, ఈవెంట్‌లు, వ్యక్తులు, క్రీడలు, సాంకేతికత గురించి మరిన్నింటి గురించి మరిన్ని వ్యాసాల రచనలను చదవవచ్చు.

ఆంగ్లంలో పిల్లలు మరియు విద్యార్థుల కోసం నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై దీర్ఘ మరియు చిన్న వ్యాసాలు

'నెల్సన్ మండేలా' అంశం గురించి విద్యార్థులు మరియు పిల్లలకు ఆంగ్లంలో రెండు వ్యాసాలు దీర్ఘ మరియు సంక్షిప్త రూపంలో క్రింద ఇవ్వబడ్డాయి. మొదటి వ్యాసం నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై 400-500 పదాల సుదీర్ఘ వ్యాసం. నెల్సన్ మండేలా గురించిన ఈ సుదీర్ఘ వ్యాసం 7, 8, 9 మరియు 10వ తరగతి విద్యార్థులకు మరియు పోటీ పరీక్షల అభ్యర్థులకు కూడా అనుకూలంగా ఉంటుంది. రెండవ వ్యాసం నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై 150-200 పదాల చిన్న వ్యాసం. ఇవి 6వ తరగతి మరియు అంతకంటే తక్కువ తరగతి విద్యార్థులకు మరియు పిల్లలకు తగినవి.

నెల్సన్ మండేలా ఆంగ్లంలో 400 పదాలపై సుదీర్ఘ వ్యాసం

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క్రింద మేము నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై 400 పదాల సుదీర్ఘ వ్యాసం ఇచ్చాము 7, 8, 9 మరియు 10 తరగతులకు మరియు పోటీ పరీక్షల ఆశావాదులకు ఉపయోగకరంగా ఉంటుంది. అంశంపై ఈ సుదీర్ఘ వ్యాసం 7వ తరగతి నుండి 10వ తరగతి విద్యార్థులకు, అలాగే పోటీ పరీక్షల అభ్యర్థులకు కూడా అనుకూలంగా ఉంటుంది.

అతను ఒకప్పుడు దక్షిణాఫ్రికాలో అన్ని సమస్యలకు సమాధానంగా హింసను సమర్ధించాడని గమనించడం ఆశ్చర్యంగా ఉంది, కానీ తరువాత అహింస పునాదులపై దేశ నిర్మాతగా ఉద్భవించింది. అతను 1994-1999 వరకు దక్షిణాఫ్రికా అధ్యక్షుడిగా పనిచేశాడు. మండేలా 1918 జూలై 18న దక్షిణాఫ్రికాలోని మ్వెజో గ్రామంలో రోలిహ్లాహ్లా మండేలాగా జన్మించారు. 'రోలిహ్లాహ్లా' అంటే స్థానిక షోసా భాషలో 'చెట్టు కొమ్మను లాగడం' లేదా 'ఇబ్బందులు కలిగించేవాడు' అని అర్ధం. అతను తన కుటుంబంలో పాఠశాలకు హాజరైన మొదటి సభ్యుడు అయ్యాడు. అతను BA కోసం ఫోర్ట్ హేర్ యూనివర్శిటీలో చేరాడు, కానీ అతను విశ్వవిద్యాలయ విధానాలకు వ్యతిరేకంగా విద్యార్థుల నిరసనకు నాయకత్వం వహించినందుకు కళాశాలను విడిచిపెట్టవలసి వచ్చింది.

మండేలా యొక్క రాజకీయ ప్రయాణం ఆఫ్రికన్ నేషనల్ కాంగ్రెస్ (ANC)తో ప్రారంభమైంది, 1948లో వర్ణవివక్ష అనుకూల నేషనల్ పార్టీ ఎన్నికల తర్వాత. మండేలా 1955లో ANC యొక్క ధిక్కరణ ప్రచారాన్ని మరియు ప్రజల కాంగ్రెస్‌ను అభివృద్ధి చేశారు. 1961లో, అతను ANC యొక్క సాయుధ విభాగానికి నాయకత్వం వహించాడు. అతను 1962లో అరెస్టయ్యాడు మరియు 1964లో శిక్ష విధించబడ్డాడు. అతను 27 సంవత్సరాలు జైలులో మరియు వారిలో 18 సంవత్సరాలు రాబెన్ ద్వీపంలో మరింత ప్రతికూల పరిస్థితుల్లో గడపవలసి ఉంది. అంతర్జాతీయ ఒత్తిడి కారణంగా 1990లో విడుదలయ్యాడు.

నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై చిన్న వ్యాసం ఆంగ్లంలో 200 పదాలు

క్రింద మేము నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై ఒక చిన్న వ్యాసం ఇచ్చాము 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 మరియు 6 తరగతులకు సంబంధించినది. అంశంపై ఈ చిన్న వ్యాసం 6 మరియు అంతకంటే తక్కువ తరగతి విద్యార్థులకు అనుకూలంగా ఉంటుంది.

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1994లో, నల్లజాతీయులు మరియు శ్వేతజాతీయులు ఇద్దరినీ కలుపుకొని దేశంలో మొదటి ఎన్నికలు జరిగాయి. ANC విజయం సాధించింది మరియు దేశం యొక్క మొదటి నల్లజాతి అధ్యక్షుడిగా మండేలా చేరారు. పాన్ యామ్ ఫ్లైట్ బాంబు దాడిలో అనుమానితులను విచారించడంలో అతను ముఖ్యమైన పాత్ర పోషించాడు. అతను 1999 లో పదవీ విరమణ చేసాడు మరియు తన శేష జీవితాన్ని సామాజిక ప్రయోజనాల కోసం అంకితం చేశాడు.

డిసెంబర్ 5, 2013 న, అతను 95 సంవత్సరాల వయస్సులో, జోహన్నెస్‌బర్గ్‌లోని తన స్వగృహంలో మరణించాడు. రాబోయే శతాబ్దాలలో, అతను క్లిష్ట పరిస్థితుల్లో ప్రేరణ మరియు ధైర్యం యొక్క మూలంగా ఉంటాడు. అతను అన్యాయమైన వ్యవస్థకు అండగా నిలిచాడు మరియు ప్రపంచం నలుమూలల నుండి మద్దతు పొందాడు. అతనికి 1993లో నోబెల్ శాంతి బహుమతి లభించింది.

ఇతర గౌరవాలలో ఆర్డర్ ఆఫ్ మెరిట్ మరియు ప్రెసిడెన్షియల్ మెడల్ ఆఫ్ ఫ్రీడమ్ ఉన్నాయి. మండేలా తన జీవితాన్ని వివరిస్తూ, "నేను మెస్సీయను కాదు, అసాధారణ పరిస్థితుల కారణంగా నాయకుడిగా మారిన సాధారణ వ్యక్తిని." అతను నిజమైన అర్థంలో నాయకుడు, అతను ఉదాహరణతో నడిపించాడు మరియు తన దేశ ప్రజల కోసం జీవించాడు.

సాధారణ అవగాహన కోసం నెల్సన్ మండేలా ఎస్సే పద అర్థాలు

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నెల్సన్ మండేలాపై ఎస్సే | ఆంగ్లంలో విద్యార్థులు మరియు పిల్లల కోసం నెల్సన్ మండేలా వ్యాసం తెలుగులో | Essay on Nelson Mandela | Nelson Mandela Essay for Students and Children in English In Telugu

English Compositions

Short Essay on Nelson Mandela [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

Nelson Mandela was a political leader and a former president of South Africa. For his contribution to restoring peace and stability in the region, he is still remembered around the world. In today’s session, you will learn about the life of Nelson Mandela in order to write an essay on this eminent person for your upcoming exam.

Table of Contents

  • Short Essay on Nelson Mandela in 100 Words 
  • Short Essay on Nelson Mandela in 200 Words 
  • Short Essay on Nelson Mandela in 400 Words 

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Short Essay on Nelson Mandela in 100 Words

Nelson Mandela was one of the greatest leaders and freedom fighters of South Africa. He was born on 18th July 1918. He studied law and became a successful lawyer. While practising law, he got involved in anti-apartheid, anti-colonial, nationalist movements and soon joined the African National Congress.

South Africa, at that time, was ruled by a white-only government and blacks were discriminated against in their own country. Mandela, along with other revolutionaries, fought against the oppressive rule. Because of their efforts, the white supremacist government was finally overthrown and Nelson Mandela became the first president of a multi-racial democratic South Africa in 1994. He was also the country’s first black president. He died on 5th December 2013, aged 95. He will always be remembered as an icon of democracy and social justice.

Short Essay on Nelson Mandela in 200 Words

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African revolutionary leader and freedom fighter who played an important role in ending apartheid in the country. He was born on 18th July 1918 in a village called Mzevo into the Thembu royal family. Although his family was illiterate, he was sent to study in a local school by his mother.

He later studied law and started working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. While he was still studying, he faced racism and saw the terrible political state of his country. Soon, he started getting involved in anti-apartheid, anti-colonial, nationalist movements and joined the African National Congress. 

South Africa, at that time, was ruled by a whites-only government, and blacks were discriminated against in their own country. Mandela, along with other revolutionaries, fought against the oppressive rule and was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned. However, even after spending a total of 27 years in jail, Mandela did not give up and continued with his efforts to end apartheid in the country. 

Finally, after decades of struggle, South Africa rose as a multi-racial democratic country and Nelson Mandela became its first president in 1994. He was also the country’s first-ever black president. He was an advocate of human rights and brought peace and stability to his country. Nelson Mandela was one of the greatest leaders in the world and he will always be remembered as an icon of democracy and social justice. 

Short Essay on Nelson Mandela in 400 Words

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was one of the most important leaders in the history of South Africa as well as the world. He was born on 18th July 1918 in a village called Mzevo into the Thembu royal family. Although his family was illiterate, he was sent to study in a local school by his mother.

He later studied law and started working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. While he was still studying, he came face-to-face with racism and saw the terrible political state of his country. Soon, he started getting involved in anti-apartheid, anti-colonial, nationalist movements and joined the African National Congress. 

South Africa, at that time, was ruled by a whites-only government, and blacks were discriminated against in their own country. Mandela, along with other revolutionaries like Anton Lembede and Oliver Tambo, fought against the oppressive rule and was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned.

However, even after spending a total of 27 years in jail, Mandela did not give up and continued with his efforts to end apartheid in the country. He led defiance campaigns against the government as well as the mass stay-at-home strikes. He also joined hands with anti-apartheid leaders around the world and trained in guerilla warfare. 

Nelson Mandela and his fellow leaders worked hard to end apartheid and bring justice to the millions of black Africans who had been suffering under the white supremacist government. After decades of struggle for freedom and equality, South Africa rose as a multi-racial democratic country in 1994, with the first fully democratic elections held on 27th April 1994.

The African National Congress, under the leadership of Mandela, won the elections by a huge margin and Nelson was sworn as the first president of a democratic South Africa. He held office till 1999 and was focused on national unity and reconciliation. 

Nelson Mandela’s government worked a lot for the betterment of society, granting old-age pensions, free healthcare for young children and pregnant women, building houses, providing electricity and connectivity as well as making proper education available for kids. Even after retiring from the political scene, he continued to work towards rural development, school construction and combating HIV/AIDS. He died on 5th December 2013 after suffering from a respiratory infection. 

Nelson Mandela was an advocate of human rights and brought peace and stability to his country. He was one of the greatest leaders in the world and he will always be remembered as an icon of democracy and social justice. 

That’s all about my presentation on the life of Nelson Mandela. Hopefully, this session has become able to fulfil your requirement.  If you have any doubts regarding this session, kindly let me know through the comment section below. 

To get the latest updates on our upcoming sessions, please join us on Telegram. Thanks for being with us. All the best. 

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Nelson Mandela Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on nelson mandela.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the Transkei village close Umtata. Nelson Mandela was sent to Healdtown, a Wesleyan secondary school with some reputation where he enrolled after getting a primary education at a local mission school. He then registered for the Bachelor of Arts degree at Fort Hare University College where he was appointed to the Representative Council of the Student. Also, he was suspended for joining a protest boycott from college. He went to Johannesburg where, by correspondence, he finished his BA, took clerkship papers and began studying for his LLB . The Nelson Mandela essay is an insight into the life and works of the great man.

Nelson Mandela essay

The greatest pleasure of Nelson Mandela, his most private moment, is to watch the sunset playing with the music of Händel or Tchaikovsky.

During daylight hours locked up in his cell, deprived of music, he was denied these two simple pleasures for centuries. Concerts were organized with his fellow inmates as far as possible, especially at Christmas time, where they would sing.

Nelson Mandela finds music very uplifting and is interested in European classical music as well as African choral music and the many talents in South African music. But above all, one voice stands out – Paul Robeson’s, whom he defines as our hero.

The years in prison strengthened already engraved practices: athlete’s disciplined eating system started in the 1940s, as did the early morning practice. Nelson Mandela is still up by 4.30am today, regardless of how late he worked last night.

He started his exercise routine by 5 am, which lasts for at least an hour. Breakfast is at 6.30 when newspapers are read during the days. With a normal working day of at nearly 12 hours, time management is critical and Nelson Mandela is highly impatient with impunctuality, considering it to be insulting to those with whom you deal.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Life of Nelson Mandela

He has conducted comprehensive traveling since his release from prison when he spoke. Nelson Mandela claims: “The biography of Pandit Nehru helped me prepare for my discharge. Who wrote about what’s going on when you leave prison.

My daughter Zinzi claims she grew up without a dad who became the nation’s dad when he came back. This has put on my shoulders a huge burden.

And wherever I travel, I instantly start missing the familiar–the mine dumps, the uniquely South African color and smell, and especially the individuals. I don’t like being away for a long moment. There’s no place like home for me.

Mandela accepted the Nobel Peace Prize as a tribute to all those who worked for peace and opposed racism. This individual has been awarded as much as it has been to the ANC and all the individuals of South Africa.

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Essay On Nelson Mandela: 10 Lines, Short and Long Essay

Essay On Nelson Mandela: 10 Lines, Short and Long Essay

Key Points to Remember When Writing Essay On Nelson Mandela

10 lines on nelson mandela, a paragraph on nelson mandela, short essay on nelson mandela in english, long essay on nelson mandela, interesting facts about nelson mandela for children, what will your child learn from the essay on nelson mandela.

The tale of Nelson Mandela, a man who became the face of resistance against apartheid and a global icon for human rights, is more than just an inspiring story; it is a blueprint for change and personal development . Writing an essay on such a monumental figure provides a unique opportunity to explore significant historical events and their influence on today’s world. Essays offer a structured way to investigate topics, enabling us to delve deep into subjects, fostering our critical thinking skills, and bettering our understanding. This essay on Nelson Mandela for kids aims to cater to a broad audience, offering a 10-line overview for those in search of quick insights, a short essay for middle-level readers, and an extensive examination for those willing to delve deeper into Mandela’s life.

Writing an essay on a historical figure as influential as Nelson Mandela can be both a rewarding and challenging task. Here are some key points to keep in mind to ensure your essay is both impactful and informative:

Contextual Understanding: Know the sociopolitical background of apartheid in South Africa. The depth of Mandela’s contributions can only be fully appreciated within this context.

Balanced View: While Mandela is often lionized, it’s crucial to present a balanced view, discussing his achievements alongside any criticisms or controversies he faced.

Chronological Flow: Consider organizing your essay chronologically, tracking Mandela’s life from his early years, through his time in prison, to his presidency and beyond.

Emphasis on Key Events: Highlight significant moments like his involvement in the African National Congress, his arrest, the Rivonia Trial, his time in Robben Island, and his eventual release and presidency.

Mandela’s Ideals: Explore the principles that guided Mandela—democracy, equality, reconciliation, and human rights—and how they influenced his actions.

Quotes and Sayings: Incorporate Mandela’s own words to help illuminate his thoughts and philosophy. But always remember to cite your sources.

Global Impact: Don’t limit your essay to his contributions to South Africa; discuss how Mandela became a global symbol for resistance against oppression.

Personal Reflection: Engage your readers by offering your own reflections or questions about what Mandela’s legacy means today.

When you need to encapsulate the essence of Nelson Mandela’s life in a brief format, a “few lines on Nelson Mandela” can provide a snapshot of his incredible journey. This approach can be particularly useful for school assignments, quick recaps, or introductions to deeper discussions about him.

1. Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Umtata, which is now part of South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province.

2. He belonged to the Thembu royal family and was given the forename “Rolihlahla,” which means “pulling the branch of a tree” or metaphorically, “troublemaker.”

3. Mandela became politically active in his 20s, joining the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944.

4. He was instrumental in fighting against apartheid, the system of racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa.

5. Arrested in 1962, he was sentenced to life imprisonment during the infamous Rivonia Trial.

6. He spent 27 years in prison, mostly in a small cell on Robben Island, where he became a symbol of resistance.

7. Released in 1990, Mandela took part in negotiations to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections.

8. In 1994, he was elected South Africa’s first Black president and focused on reconciliation between the country’s racial groups.

9. Nelson Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 along with then-South African President F.W. de Klerk.

10. He passed away on December 5, 2013, but his legacy as a champion for human rights, equality, and democracy endures.

If you’re looking for a concise yet comprehensive way to introduce Nelson Mandela, a short paragraph can work wonders. Sometimes, less is more, and summarizing his extraordinary life in a limited number of words can highlight his immense impact on the world.

In this short paragraph on Nelson Mandela, it’s worth mentioning that he was not just South Africa’s first Black president but also an enduring symbol of resilience against oppression. Born in 1918 to the Thembu royal family, Mandela’s life was a testament to the human spirit’s capacity for courage and change. He spent 27 grueling years in prison for his stand against apartheid, a brutal system of racial discrimination. Upon his release, Mandela forgave his captors and led South Africa through a peaceful transition to democracy, earning him a Nobel Peace Prize. His legacy as a champion for human rights, social justice, and racial equality lives on, inspiring generations worldwide.

This short paragraph encapsulates the magnitude of Mandela’s contribution to civil rights, reminding us that integrity and courage can change the course of history.

For those who wish to explore the impact of Nelson Mandela in a concise yet substantial manner, a short essay can be highly effective. This format allows us to touch upon key elements of his life and legacy within a limited word count, making it suitable for academic assignments or quick reads.

In this Nelson Mandela essay in 150 words, we delve into the life of a man who became a global icon for peace, justice, and freedom. Born in 1918, Nelson Mandela was destined for leadership, but it was his unwavering fight against apartheid that made him a worldwide symbol of resistance. Joining the African National Congress in his early years, Mandela tirelessly fought against racial injustice. His activism led him to prison, where he would spend 27 years of his life. However, the confinement couldn’t break Mandela; it only solidified his resolve. Upon his release, he captivated the world by advocating for peace and reconciliation, sharing the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize with then-president F.W. de Klerk. Elected as the first Black president of South Africa in 1994, Mandela focused on healing a fractured nation and dismantling the oppressive systems of the past. His legacy of courage, wisdom, and resilience serves as an eternal guidepost for anyone aspiring to make a meaningful impact on society.

This short essay encapsulates the indomitable spirit of Mandela, whose life story continues to inspire millions worldwide to take a stand for what is just and fair.

For those eager to gain a deeper understanding of Nelson Mandela, a long essay provides the room to explore various facets of his life, philosophy, and impact. This format is well-suited for readers who wish to take a detailed journey through Mandela’s extraordinary life, covering elements from his early years to his numerous accolades.

Early Life And Education Of Nelson Mandela

Diving into Nelson Mandela’s early life, we discover the foundations that made him the transformative figure he would later become. Born to the Thembu royal family, Mandela had a glimpse of leadership roles at an early age. In this Nelson Mandela early life essay, it’s crucial to note that his education began at a Methodist school, where he was given the English name ‘Nelson’. He later enrolled at Fort Hare University, a hub for intellectual discourse among Black Africans at that time. However, Mandela was expelled before completing his degree due to his involvement in a student protest. This early chapter was a prelude to his lifelong activism. He moved to Johannesburg, where he eventually completed his law degree via correspondence, laying the intellectual groundwork for his fight against apartheid.

Awards and Honours Of Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela, the iconic anti-apartheid leader and former President of South Africa, received numerous awards and honors throughout his lifetime for his dedication to the struggle against racial segregation and his efforts to promote peace and reconciliation. Here is a list of some of the most notable awards and honors bestowed upon Nelson Mandela:

  • Nobel Peace Prize (1993) : Nelson Mandela, along with then-South African President F.W. de Klerk, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to peacefully dismantle apartheid and establish a multiracial democracy in South Africa.
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom (2002) : He received this prestigious award from the United States, one of the highest civilian honors in the country, for his contributions to the fight against apartheid.
  • Congressional Gold Medal (1998) : Nelson Mandela was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by the U.S. Congress for his lifelong dedication to civil rights, justice, and equality.
  • Bharat Ratna (1990) : India honored Nelson Mandela with its highest civilian award for his outstanding contributions to the struggle against apartheid and his commitment to human rights.
  • Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought (1988) : The European Parliament awarded Mandela the Sakharov Prize for his exceptional efforts to promote freedom and equality.
  • Lenin Peace Prize (1990) : He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize by the Soviet Union for his role in ending apartheid and his efforts to bring peace and justice to South Africa.
  • Order of Merit (1995) : Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom awarded him the Order of Merit in recognition of his extraordinary achievements and contributions to society.
  • Order of Canada (1998) : Nelson Mandela was made an honorary Companion of the Order of Canada in recognition of his significant impact on the world through his fight against apartheid.
  • Lenin Peace Prize (1983) : He was also awarded the Lenin Peace Prize, earlier in 1983, for his anti-imperialist and anti-colonialist stance in the struggle against apartheid.
  • Freedom of the City (various cities) : Mandela was granted the Freedom of the City in numerous cities around the world, including London, New York, and Johannesburg, in recognition of his efforts for peace and human rights.

These are just a few of the many awards and honors that Nelson Mandela received during his lifetime. His legacy as a global symbol of freedom, justice, and reconciliation continues to be celebrated and honored worldwide.

Nelson Mandela is a name that resonates with people of all ages, from grandparents to young children. While the complexities of his fight against apartheid may be difficult for younger minds to fully grasp, there are plenty of intriguing aspects of his life that can both educate and entertain children.

Nickname: Nelson Mandela’s original name was Rolihlahla, which means “pulling the branch of a tree” or “troublemaker” in Xhosa. His teacher gave him the English name “Nelson” on his first day of school.

Royal Background: Mandela was born into a royal family! He was part of the Thembu tribe, and his father was a chief.

Boxing Enthusiast: Mandela was quite athletic and enjoyed boxing. He saw it not as a violent sport but as an exercise in discipline and strategy.

27 Years in Prison: Mandela was in jail for 27 years. Imagine spending that long time away from your family and friends but still having the courage to fight for what’s right.

President with a Difference: When he became president, he chose not to take revenge on those who had imprisoned him. Instead, he worked to make the country a better place for everyone.

Nobel Peace Prize: Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, a huge honor that recognized his efforts to end apartheid peacefully.

Children’s Champion: He loved children and worked hard to improve the lives of children in South Africa. He even wrote a children’s book called “Nelson Mandela’s Favorite African Folktales.”

Engaging with an essay about Nelson Mandela offers more than just historical insight; it serves as a lesson in resilience, courage, and the endless possibilities that come with standing up for what’s right. As your child delves into Mandela’s journey, they will learn about the power of forgiveness and the importance of fighting for justice and equality. These lessons go beyond the classroom, equipping your young one with moral values that will serve them well throughout life.

1. What Was The Role Of Nelson Mandela In The Anti-Apartheid Movement?

Nelson Mandela was a central figure in the anti-apartheid movement, initially advocating for peaceful protests before supporting armed resistance when other methods failed. Imprisoned for 27 years, he became an international symbol of resistance and, upon his release, helped peacefully dismantle apartheid and transition South Africa to democracy.

2. How Many Years Was Nelson Mandela Imprisoned and Where?

Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years. He was initially held in Robben Island Prison off the coast of Cape Town, where he spent the majority of his sentence. Later, he was moved to Pollsmoor Prison on the mainland and then to Victor Verster Prison, where he was eventually released. His long imprisonment became a focal point for global efforts to combat apartheid and made him an enduring symbol of resistance against oppression.

In wrapping up this comprehensive essay on Nelson Mandela, it becomes clear that his life and legacy are a monumental testament to the power of resilience, courage, and the human spirit. Whether you’re a student, a parent, or simply someone eager to learn, delving into Mandela’s story offers rich lessons in empathy , leadership , and the ceaseless fight for justice. His story serves as a timeless inspiration, reminding us that one individual’s actions can indeed change the world for the better.

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Nelson Mandela Essay

Nelson Mandela was a statesman and black nationalist leader in South Africa who was born on July 18, 1918, in Umtata, Cape of Good Hope. He passed away on December 5, 2013, in Johannesburg. Mandela, a law student at the University of Witwatersrand and the son of a Xhosa chief, joined the African National Congress(ANC) in 1944. Here are a few sample essays on Nelson Mandela.

Nelson Mandela Essay

100 Words Essay On Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela was an outstanding leader of African nationalism and a professional lawyer born on July 18, 1918, in South Africa. He eventually gave up on that, and in 1944 joined the African National Congress. In South Africa, he spearheaded the nonviolent resistance against racial inequality.

He was one of South Africa's finest leaders and independence fighters. Mandela battled against the repressive regime alongside the revolutionaries. Nelson Mandela became the nation's first black president, ultimately leading to the overthrow of the white supremacist administration. He will always be seen as a symbol of social justice and equality. At age 95, he passed away on December 5th, 2013.

200 Words Essay On Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. He was a native of a little South African community called Umtata. His entire life represents a struggle in South Africa against ingrained racism. He was one of those who were burdened by the impartial system. Thus it wasn't simple for him to fight against the current circumstances.

Nelson Mandela’s Contributions

Nelson Mandela lived through years of being a colonised person before becoming actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement. Mandela endured suffering as an African boy who fell victim to the European expatriate effort that involved 'civilising' local people. Nelson Mandela was imprisoned in the 1960s for opposing the government's racial restrictions. He spent around three decades behind bars, yet he never wavered in his quest for justice and equality for all people.

Nelson Mandela was regarded as a man of strength, integrity, and ideals and a strong, unyielding leader. He was the only person to lead the country in 1994 in the fight to eradicate racial discrimination. In South Africa, he received the first-ever nomination for president of a race. Between 1994 and 1999, he presided over South Africa for five years.

Nelson Mandela symbolised the aspirations for a just and free world even after he left public life.

500 Words Essay On Nelson Mandela

Henry Mandela, the chief of the Tembu tribe, gave birth to Nelson Mandela in 1918. He married Evelyn Ntoko Mase, a nurse, in the year 1944. His twelve fruitful years of marriage ended in divorce. After two years, in 1958, he wed Nomzamo Winnie Madikileza, a political activist and social worker. In 1998, after divorcing her, he married Graca Machel, a lawyer. He had two daughters from his second marriage and three kids from his first marriage.

Nelson Mandela’s Academics

Speaking of his schooling, Nelson Mandela completed his bachelor's degree through distance learning at South Africa University in 1941. He earned a law degree from Witwatersrand University in 1942. He began working as a lawyer in South Africa in 1948.

Nelson Mandela’s Life As A Prisoner

He experienced repeated police harassment between the 1940s and the 1950s, including harassment, banishment, and detention. In 1960, he formed a military wing and went into hiding. Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for five years in 1962 due to his illegal international travel. This act angered South Africans, and a strike was called. He was held for two years before being accused of disloyalty, which resulted in a life sentence for him.

His 4-and-a-half-hour lecture, which criticised racial prejudice, is still remembered today. Mandela served nearly 27 years of a life sentence in prison. His detention improved his political standing, which sparked a global effort to have his sentence commuted.

Mandela spent all of these twenty-seven years behind bars. He was kept out of sight and concealed from everyone as he dug limestone and grew seaweed. Nelson Mandela was hospitalised for TB in 1988. After he had healed, he was sent back to prison under less stringent circumstances. He was fully discharged in 1990, allowing him to watch happy celebration scenes at home and abroad.

His Life As A Politician

Mandela's involvement in politics began after he enrolled in college. He worked hard to earn a Bachelor of "Fine Arts" degree. He received a nomination from a student political organisation to serve on the Representative Council while he was a student. He was following his debarment due to his participation in a campus protest. As a result, he travelled to Johannesburg to complete his BA. When World War II broke out, Nelson Mandela joined forces with the ANC's "African National Congress" after receiving his degree in 1942.

Together with the other ANC members, Nelson Mandela formed a group. This group's main goal was to make the ANC a widespread movement. Mandela was a key figure in several racial activities and political campaigns that relied on nonviolent tactics, including strikes, boycotts, and acts of civil disobedience.

He passed away in December 2013. At the time, he was 95 years old. Nelson Mandela received more than 250 honours and distinctions, including the Medal of Freedom, the Bharat Ratna, and the "1993 Nobel Peace" Prize.

He was a great inspiration for me. I used to study the biography of the legend Nelson Mandela. He is known for saying, "A Winner is a Dreamer who Never Gives Up."

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
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Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Water Manager

A career as water manager needs to provide clean water, preventing flood damage, and disposing of sewage and other wastes. He or she also repairs and maintains structures that control the flow of water, such as reservoirs, sea defense walls, and pumping stations. In addition to these, the Manager has other responsibilities related to water resource management.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.  

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.

Underwriter

An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Commercial Manager

A Commercial Manager negotiates, advises and secures information about pricing for commercial contracts. He or she is responsible for developing financial plans in order to maximise the business's profitability.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Individuals in the architecture career are the building designers who plan the whole construction keeping the safety and requirements of the people. Individuals in architect career in India provides professional services for new constructions, alterations, renovations and several other activities. Individuals in architectural careers in India visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare scaled drawings to submit to a client or employer as a design. Individuals in architecture careers also estimate build costs, materials needed, and the projected time frame to complete a build.

Landscape Architect

Having a landscape architecture career, you are involved in site analysis, site inventory, land planning, planting design, grading, stormwater management, suitable design, and construction specification. Frederick Law Olmsted, the designer of Central Park in New York introduced the title “landscape architect”. The Australian Institute of Landscape Architects (AILA) proclaims that "Landscape Architects research, plan, design and advise on the stewardship, conservation and sustainability of development of the environment and spaces, both within and beyond the built environment". Therefore, individuals who opt for a career as a landscape architect are those who are educated and experienced in landscape architecture. Students need to pursue various landscape architecture degrees, such as  M.Des , M.Plan to become landscape architects. If you have more questions regarding a career as a landscape architect or how to become a landscape architect then you can read the article to get your doubts cleared. 

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Urban Planner

Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

Pathologist

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist

Gynaecologist.

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Audiologist

The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Cardiothoracic Surgeon

Cardiothoracic surgeons are an important part of the surgical team. They usually work in hospitals, and perform emergency as well as scheduled operations. Some of the cardiothoracic surgeons also work in teaching hospitals working as teachers and guides for medical students aspiring to become a cardiothoracic surgeon. A career as a cardiothoracic surgeon involves treating and managing various types of conditions within their speciality that includes their presence at different locations such as outpatient clinics, team meetings, and ward rounds. 

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Fashion Blogger

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Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

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  • English Essay on Nelson Mandela

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An Essay on Nelson Mandela is Available at Vedantu

The best analogy that can be given for Nelson Mandela to the Indian students is, Nelson Mandela was to Africa what Mahatma Gandhi was to India. Because Nelson Mandela did the same thing for Africa, As Mahatma Gandhi did for India. Nelson Mandela made the same sacrifices for Africa, as Mahatma Gandhi Made for India. Nelson Mandela believed in the same ideals and virtues as that of Mahatma Gandhi, which is to say Non-violence and truth, and for all his life he walked on the same path.

An Introduction

There was a time when facilities were divided among people on the basis of their skin colour. From the seat reservations in public transport to any other public facilities, everywhere, whites used to get better facilities whereas dark-skinned people, the blacks, got the worst services. White supremacy existed in every country under British colonialism. In some countries, racial discrimination was found on a larger scale whereas in others on a smaller scale. However, in South Africa, it became worse. 

Three-fourths of the total population were black people there. The country's economy used to run on the strength of their hard work, but all the good facilities were available to the whites. Although racial discrimination was there in South Africa for a long time, the National Party government made a rule in 1948 that blacks and whites would live in different places and the public facilities were divided according to their skin colours. Since good always triumphs over evil, the struggles of Nelson Mandela put an end to the rules of racial discrimination, after which everyone started getting equal facilities. It was not so easy. Nelson Mandela had to spend 28 years of his life in prison. Mandela was a man who followed Gandhi's path. He did this without taking up arms, without any bloodshed.

A Brief Background of Africa During the Time of Nelson Mandela.

Africa is not in any sense a stranger from the racial discrimination, exploitation, and horrors of British colonialism. Though many countries of Asia, such as India have faced all these problems, it, unfortunately, took a rather devastating form in Africa. The humans were divided by their skin colour, the fair one gets the reservations in all the public facilities and were considered high-class people, while the black was always looked down upon. Only because of their skin colour were they not the same as their fair counterparts. And these were the times in which Nelson Mandela was born.

A history of Nelson Mandela

It was the 18th of July 1918 when Rohlihala (Nelson) Mandela was born in the small village located on the banks of Mbashe River in South Africa, to mother Nosakeni and father Gadla henry. The name Rohilihala literally means ``Mischievous”, but his school teacher Miss Mdingane gave him the English name “Nelson'' because it was the custom during those times in Africa to give English names, and hence Rohilihala became “Nelson Mandela''. Nelson Mandela attended the Clark Barry Missionary school for his early schooling.

When Nelson Mandela was just 12 years old, an unfortunate thing happened in the form of the death of his father Gadla Henry. But Nelson Mandela’s family took so much care of him and never let the absence of the father affect the 12-year-old boy. Nelson Mandela was the only member of his family to attend the school, and hence his whole family supported him in all the aspects of his school.

He graduated from the Methodist Healdtown college, which was a college built especially for black people. This was the time when he had started his fight against injustice and inequality of racial discrimination. And here in this college, he met a man by the name of Olive Tambo, a relation with whom transformed into a lifelong friendship. Nelson Mandela always had full-fledged support of Oliver Tambo in his struggle against Apartheid, meaning apartness.

Apartheid was the policy in South Africa that governed the relations between the Whites, who were the minority, and the Black, who were the majority, in the latter half of the last century, that is to say, the 20th century. In the name of governance, all the Apartheid did was racial segregation and economic discrimination against the blacks. Nelson Mandela fought bravely against the Apartheid during his lifetime.

Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mvezo, South Africa. His mother's name was Nosakeni and his father's name was Gadla Henry. Earlier, Nelson Mandela was named Rohlihala by his parents, which means mischievous, but his school teacher changed his name to Nelson. Nelson Mandela did his early studies at Clark Barry Missionary School. Nelson Mandela was just 12 years old when his father died, but his family never let the absence of his father affect his life. His family continued to help him in every way for higher studies since Nelson was the only member of the whole family who went to school. 

He graduated from Healdtown College. Healdtown was a college specially built for black people. In this college, Nelson Mandela met a friend and remained friends with him throughout his life and always supported him in his struggle against Apartheid. Right from the days of college, he started the fight against racial discrimination and started gathering people, due to which he was expelled from college. In 1944, he joined the African National Congress, in which he had started the movement against racial discrimination. In 1947, he was elected as a  secretary of that party. Later many people joined him and strived towards their goal but in 1961, a case of treason was filed against Mandela and he was imprisoned along with some of his friends. Though he was later found innocent and was released, yet, again on 5th August 1962, he was arrested on charges of inciting the workers to go on strike. On 12th July 1964, after trials for almost 2 years, he was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was sent to the most strictly guarded jail for imprisonment but even after that, his courage never diminished. He also started sharing his opinions with the black prisoners in jail. On the other hand, his party also tried its best to get him released but failed. Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 28 years. Finally, in 1989, the government changed in South Africa and the liberal leader F. W. Clarke became the President of the country. Considering the struggle of Nelson and his party, he ordered the removal of all restrictions on black people and decided to release all the prisoners who were imprisoned without any serious charges.

A Quick Outline of Nelson Mandela’s Life from 1940 onwards.

1944 = joined the national congress of Africa.

1947 = elected as a secretary of the African national congress.

1961 = A case of treason was filed against him, and he was imprisoned along with his friends.

1962 = he was found innocent and was released from prison. But was again on 5th August of the same year on other charges.

1964 = sentenced to life imprisonment, and remained imprisoned for 28 years.

1989 = a government was changed, and Nelson Mandela was released, the following year.

1990 = Mandela was awarded a Bharat Ratna.

1993 = He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1994 = Became the first president of the country

5 Dec 2013 = Passed away at the age of 95.

Nelson Mandela’s Struggles of Life

On February 1, 1990, Mandela was released from prison. In the Presidential election of South Africa that was held in 1994, black people could also participate. Mandela participated in this election and his party African National Congress formed the government with a majority. On 10 May 1994, Nelson Mandela became the first President of his country and made all rights equal for the whites and the blacks. Nelson Mandela, much like Mahatma Gandhi, followed a non-violent path, he considered Mahatma Gandhi as his inspiration. 

Nelson Mandela was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the most prestigious award of India, in 1990. He was the second foreigner to be given this award after Mother Teresa, who was awarded in 1980. In 1993, Nelson Mandela was awarded the Nobel Prize for world peace, for the struggle against Apartheid throughout his life, and to empower the blacks in South Africa. On December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela passed away, at the age of 95. He says that “When a person considers the service of his country and people as his duty, he gets peace in doing that work. I think I have tried that and that is why I can sleep peacefully till the end.”

 Conclusion

Nelson Mandela, much like Mahatma Gandhi, advocated a nonviolent path, he considered Gandhi as his source of inspiration. For this reason, he is also called African Gandhi. Nelson Mandela has also been awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's biggest award in 1990.

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FAQs on English Essay on Nelson Mandela

1. Who is Nelson Mandela?

Nelson Mandela raised his voice against racial discrimination in South Africa. He spent 28 years of his life in prison as a part of his struggle to put an end to racial discrimination in South Africa. After this, blacks and whites were entitled to equal rights, and they enjoyed equal public facilities.

2. Name Nelson Mandela’s Publication?

Some of Nelson Mandela’s publications are as follows.

No Easy Walk to Freedom

The Struggle is my Life

In His Own Words

I am Prepared to Die

Long Walk To Freedom

3. What Did Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi Have in Common?

Nelson Mandela, much like Mahatma Gandhi, advocated a nonviolent path, he considered Gandhi as his source of inspiration. He struggled for years against white supremacy without any armed movements and bloodshed.

4. What are the lessons that can be learned from the life of Nelson Mandela?

There are quite many lessons to be learned from the life of Nelson Mandela:

Keep Working: Nelson Mandela never stopped working towards his aim he always kept on working.

Remain Focused: From the very early stage of his life he was very clear about his aim and he remained focused on it for the rest of his life.

Work for others: Nelson Mandela always worked for others and hence he is immortalized in the memory of our memory. He gave all his life for the selfless work of his country.

5. Why should I use the essay provided by Vedantu, instead of writing my own?

It is always a very good idea to write essays by yourself, but it is also a good idea to have some guidance in doing the same. And hence the essay that Vedantu provides on the life of Nelson Mandela can serve the purpose of a guide to the students. Furthermore, the essay that Vedantu provides is designed from the perspective of the students and that too by the expert teachers. Therefore, it gives a good idea regarding how to approach such an essay elaborately.

6. What are the lessons that can be learned from the life of Nelson Mandela?

7. Why should I use the essay provided by Vedantu, instead of writing my own?

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Nelson Mandela: Biography, Essay, Article, Short Note, Story

Profile of nelson mandela, introduction (essay on nelson mandela).

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela who is known as simply ‘Mandela’ was born on 18 th July 1918 in the village Mvezo to the Thembu royal family. His father was Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Henry and his mother was Noqaphi Nosekeni. He belonged to the South Africa. He was a politician and philanthropist. He had been the president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He also served the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

Nelson Mandela’s Early Life (Story of Nelson Mandela)

Mandela started his education at a local Methodist school where his teacher gave him a forename ‘Nelson’. When he was just nine his father died of an undiagnosed ailment that is supposed to be a lung disease. After the death of the father, his mother took him the ‘Great Place’ palace and got disappeared. Their Jongintaba and his wife Noengland treated him as their own child along with their children. Later on, Mandela gained his education from the University of Fort Hare and the University of the Witwatersrand. Then he worked as a lawyer in Johannesburg.

Political Life of Nelson Mandela

In the words of Tom Lodge, “for Mandela, politics has always been primarily about enacting stories, about making narratives, primarily about morally exemplary conduct, and only secondarily about ideological vision, more about means rather than ends.” These words narrate the political perception of Nelson Mandela in themselves. Mandela was both African nationalist and socialist. He also used to take the political ideas from the Indian political leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and Jawahar Lal Nehru. At the same time, he led the movements and campaigns against the anti-white sentiment of many African nationalists. Mandela took part in the anti-colonial and African national politics. After the establishment of the racial segregation system ‘National Party’s White-only government’, Mandala bring him down with the other members of African National Congress (ANC).

He was also involved in Defiance Campaign in 1952 and the Congress of the people in 1955. After then he also led a campaign against the government that was named Sabotage. His activities were declared provocative and hence he was arrested and sentenced the life-imprisonment by the government several times and so he had been imprisoned for 27 years. In the middle of domestic and internal pressure, the president F.W. de Klerk released Mandela 1990 from the imprisonment. Then the president F.W. de Klerk and Mandela negotiated on some terms and they organized the multiracial general election in 1994 in which Nelson Mandela won and became the president of South Africa. After achieving the power of the president, Mandela first formed the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate the human right abuses happened in the past. He encouraged land reform, combat poverty and expanded the health care services. He also served the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999 as a Secretary-General.

Mandela just wanted to change the government system not by the violence but through the legal revolution. He adopted the non-violence approach to the negotiation and reconciliation.

Conclusion (Biography of Nelson Mandela)

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