How to Write a Critical Response Essay With Examples and Tips

16 January 2024

last updated

A critical response essay is an important type of academic essay, which instructors employ to gauge the students’ ability to read critically and express their opinions. Firstly, this guide begins with a detailed definition of a critical essay and an extensive walkthrough of source analysis. Next, the manual on how to write a critical response essay breaks down the writing process into the pre-writing, writing, and post-writing stages and discusses each stage in extensive detail. Finally, the manual provides practical examples of an outline and a critical response essay, which implement the writing strategies and guidelines of critical response writing. After the examples, there is a brief overview of documentation styles. Hence, students need to learn how to write a perfect critical response essay to follow its criteria.

Definition of a Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay presents a reader’s reaction to the content of an article or any other piece of writing and the author’s strategy for achieving his or her intended purpose. Basically, a critical response to a piece of text demands an analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of a reading. Moreover, these operations allow readers to develop a position concerning the extent to which an author of a text creates a desired effect on the audience that an author establishes implicitly or explicitly at the beginning of a text. Mostly, students assume that a critical response revolves around the identification of flaws, but this aspect only represents one dimension of a critical response. In turn, a critical response essay should identify both the strengths and weaknesses of a text and present them without exaggeration of their significance in a text.

Source Analysis

How to write a critical response essay

1. Questions That Guide Source Analysis

Writers engage in textual analysis through critical reading. Hence, students undertake critical reading to answer three primary questions:

  • What does the author say or show unequivocally?
  • What does the author not say or show outright but implies intentionally or unintentionally in the text?
  • What do I think about responses to the previous two questions?

Readers should strive to comprehensively answer these questions with the context and scope of a critical response essay. Basically, the need for objectivity is necessary to ensure that the student’s analysis does not contain any biases through unwarranted or incorrect comparisons. Nonetheless, the author’s pre-existing knowledge concerning the topic of a critical response essay is crucial in facilitating the process of critical reading. In turn, the generation of answers to three guiding questions occurs concurrently throughout the close reading of an assigned text or other essay topics .

2. Techniques of Critical Reading

Previewing, reading, and summarizing are the main methods of critical reading. Basically, previewing a text allows readers to develop some familiarity with the content of a critical response essay, which they gain through exposure to content cues, publication facts, important statements, and authors’ backgrounds. In this case, readers may take notes of questions that emerge in their minds and possible biases related to prior knowledge. Then, reading has two distinct stages: first reading and rereading and annotating. Also, students read an assigned text at an appropriate speed for the first time with minimal notetaking. After that, learners reread a text to identify core and supporting ideas, key terms, and connections or implied links between ideas while making detailed notes. Lastly, writers summarize their readings into the main points by using their own words to extract the meaning and deconstruct critical response essays into meaningful parts.

3. Creating a Critical Response

Up to this point, source analysis is a blanket term that represents the entire process of developing a critical response. Mainly, the creation of a critical response essay involves analysis, interpretation, and synthesis, which occur as distinct activities. In this case, students analyze their readings by breaking down texts into elements with distilled meanings and obvious links to a thesis statement . During analysis, writers may develop minor guiding questions under first and second guiding questions, which are discipline-specific. Then, learners focus on interpretations of elements to determine their significance to an assigned text as a whole, possible meanings, and assumptions under which they may exist. Finally, authors of critical response essays create connections through the lens of relevant pre-existing knowledge, which represents a version of the element’s interconnection that they perceive to be an accurate depiction of a text.

Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay

Step 1: pre-writing, a. analysis of writing situation.

Purpose. Before a student begins writing a critical response essay, he or she must identify the main reason for communication to the audience by using a formal essay format. Basically, the primary purposes of writing a critical response essay are explanation and persuasion. In this case, it is not uncommon for two purposes to overlap while writing a critical response essay. However, one of the purposes is usually dominant, which implies that it plays a dominant role in the wording, evidence selection, and perspective on a topic. In turn, students should establish their purposes in the early stages of the writing process because the purpose has a significant effect on the essay writing approach.

Audience. Students should establish a good understanding of the audience’s expectations, characteristics, attitudes, and knowledge in anticipation of the writing process. Basically, learning the audience’s expectations enables authors to meet the organizational demands, ‘burden of proof,’ and styling requirements. In college writing, it is the norm for all essays to attain academic writing standards. Then, the interaction between characteristics and attitudes forces authors to identify a suitable voice, which is appreciative of the beliefs and values of the audience. Lastly, writers must consider the level of knowledge of the audience while writing a critical response essay because it has a direct impact on the context, clarity, and readability of a paper. Consequently, a critical response essay for classmates is quite different from a paper that an author presents to a multi-disciplinary audience.

Define a topic. Topic selection is a critical aspect of the prewriting stage. Ideally, assignment instructions play a crucial role in topic selection, especially in higher education institutions. For example, when writing a critical response essay, instructors may choose to provide students with a specific article or general instructions to guide learners in the selection of relevant reading sources. Also, students may not have opportunities for independent topic selection in former circumstances. However, by considering the latter assignment conditions, learners may need to identify a narrow topic to use in article selection. Moreover, students should take adequate time to do preliminary research, which gives them a ‘feel’ of the topic, for example, 19th-century literature. Next, writers narrow down the scope of the topic based on their knowledge and interests, for example, short stories by black female writers from the 19 th century.

B. Research and Documentation

Find sources. Once a student has a topic, he or she can start the process of identifying an appropriate article. Basically, choosing a good source for writing a critical response essay occurs is much easier when aided with search tools on the web or university repository. In this case, learners select keywords or other unique qualities of an article and develop a search filter. Moreover, authors review abstracts or forewords of credible sources to determine their suitability based on their content. Besides content, other factors constrain the article selection process: the word count for a critical response essay and a turnaround time. In turn, if an assignment has a fixed length of 500 words and a turnaround time of one week, it is not practical to select a 200-page source despite content suitability.

Content selection. The process of selecting appropriate content from academic sources relies heavily on the purpose of a critical response essay. Basically, students must select evidence that they will include in a paper to support their claims in each paragraph. However, writers tend to let a source speak through the use of extensive quotations or summaries, which dilutes a synthesis aspect of a critical response essay. Instead, learners should take a significant portion of time to identify evidence from reliable sources , which are relevant to the purpose of an essay. Also, a student who is writing a critical analysis essay to disagree with one or more arguments will select different pieces of evidence as compared to a person who is writing to analyze the overall effectiveness of the work.

Annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is vital to the development of a critical response essay because it enables authors to document useful information that they encounter during research. During research and documentation stages for a critical response essay, annotated bibliographies contain the main sources for a critical analysis essay and other sources that contribute to the knowledge base of an author, even though these sources will not appear in reference lists. Mostly, a critical response essay has only one source. However, an annotated bibliography contains summaries of other sources, which may inform the author’s critical response through the development of a deep understanding of a topic. In turn, an annotated bibliography is quite useful when an individual is writing a critical response to an article on an unfamiliar topic.

Step 2: Writing a Critical Response Essay

A. organization..

Thesis . A thesis statement sentence is a crucial component of a critical response essay because it presents the student’s purpose, argument, and the conclusion that he or she draws from the textual evidence. Also, the thesis statement is the response to the thesis question, which an author creates from assignment instructions. After completing the research stage, students can develop a tentative thesis statement to act as a starting point for the writing stage. Usually, tentative thesis statements undergo numerous revisions during the writing stage, which is a consequence of the refinement of the main idea during the drafting.

Weigh the evidence. Based on the tentative thesis, an author evaluates the relative importance of collected pieces of textual evidence to the central idea. Basically, students should distinguish between general and specific ideas to ascertain that there exists a logical sequence of presentation, which the audience can readily grasp. Firstly, for writing a critical response essay, learners should identify general ideas and establish specific connections that exist between each general idea and specific details, which support a central claim. Secondly, writers should consider some implications of ideas as they conduct a sorting process and remove evidence that does not fit. Moreover, students fill ‘holes’ that are present due to the lack of adequate supporting evidence to conclude this stage.

Create an outline. An essay outline is a final product of weighing the significance of the evidence in the context of the working thesis statement. In particular, a formal outline is a preferred form of essay structure for a critical response essay because it allows for detailed documentation of ideas while maintaining a clear map of connections. During the formation of an outline, students use a systematic scheme of indentation and labeling all the parts of an outline structure. In turn, this arrangement ensures that elements that play the same role are readily discernible at a glance, for example, primary essay divisions, secondary divisions, principle supporting points, and specific details.

Drafting. The drafting step involves the conversion of the one-sentence ideas in an outline format into complete paragraphs and, eventually, a critical response essay. In this case, there is no fixed approach to writing the first draft. Moreover, students should follow a technique that they find effective in overcoming the challenge of starting to write a critical response essay. Nonetheless, it is good practice to start writing paragraphs that authors believe are more straightforward to include regardless of specific positions that they hold on an outline. In turn, learners should strive to write freely and be open to new ideas despite the use of an outline. During drafting, the conveyance of meaning is much more important than the correctness of the draft.

Step 3: Post-Writing

Individual revision. An individual revision process focuses on the rethinking and rewriting of a critical response essay to improve the meaning and structure of a paper. Essentially, students try to review their papers from a perspective of readers to ensure that the level of detail, relationship and arrangement of paragraphs, and the contribution of the minor ideas to the thesis statement attain the desired effect. In this case, the use of a checklist improves the effectiveness of individual revision. Moreover, a checklist contains 12 main evaluation categories: assignment, purpose, audience and voice, genre, thesis, organization, development, unity, coherence, title, introduction, and conclusion.

Collaborative revision. Collaborative revision is a revision strategy that covers subconscious oversight that occurs during individual revision. During an individual revision of a critical response essay, authors rely on self-criticism, which is rarely 100% effective because writers hold a bias that their works are of high quality. Therefore, subjecting an individual’s work to peer review allows students to collect critique from an actual reader who may notice problems that an author may easily overlook. In turn, learners may provide peer reviewers with a checklist to simplify the revision process.

Editing . The editing step requires authors to examine the style, clarity, and correctness of a critical response essay. In particular, students review their papers to ascertain their conformance with the guidelines of formal essay writing and the English language. Moreover, sentence fragments, subject-verb agreement, dangling modifiers, incorrect use of punctuation, vague pronoun references, and parallelism are common grammar issues that learners eliminate during editing. Then, writers confirm that their critical response essays adhere to referencing style guidelines for citation and formatting, such as the inclusion of a title page, appropriate in-text citation, and proper styling of bibliographic information in the reference list. In turn, students must proofread a critical response essay repeatedly until they find all errors because such mistakes may divert the audience’s attention from the content of a paper.

Sample Outline Template for a Critical Response Essay

I. Introduction

A. Summary of an article. B. Thesis statement.

A. First body paragraph

  • The idea for the first paragraph.
  • Evidence for the first point from an article.
  • Interpretation of the evidence.

B. Second body paragraph

  • The idea for the second paragraph.
  • Evidence for the second point from an article.

C. Third body paragraph

  • The idea for the third paragraph.
  • Evidence for the third point from an article.

III. Conclusion

A. Summary of three points that form a body section. B. Closing remarks.

Uniqueness of a Critical Response Essay Outline

The presence of a summary in the introduction and an interpretation for each piece of evidence are defining features of a critical response essay. Typically, the introduction, being one of 5 parts of an essay , does not contain a succinct summary of a source that an author uses in body paragraphs. In this case, the incorporation of a summary in the introduction paragraph provides the audience with specific information concerning the target article of a critical response. Specifically, a critical response essay differs from other response papers because it emphasizes the provision of reasonable judgments of a text rather than the testing and defense of one’s judgments. In turn, authors of a critical response essay do not provide evaluation for their judgments, which implies that critical responses may be different but correct if a specific interpretation is reasonable to the audience.

Expanding an Outline Format Into a Critical Response Essay

1. introduction.

The introductory paragraph in a critical response essay consists of two primary sections: a summary of an article and a thesis statement. Firstly, a summary of an article consists of the text’s central argument and the purpose of the presentation of the argument. Basically, students should strive to distill the main idea and purpose of the text into a few sentences because the length of the introduction is approximately 10% of the essay’s word count. Then, a summary provides the audience with adequate background information concerning an article, which forms a foundation for announcing the student’s primary idea. In this case, writers may include an additional sentence between a summary and a thesis statement to establish a smooth flow in the opening paragraph. However, learners should not quote thesis and purpose statements because it results in a fragmented introduction, which is unappealing to readers and ineffective.

  • All body paragraphs have in a critical response essay four main elements: the writer’s idea, meaningful evidence from a reading text, interpretation of the evidence, and a concluding statement.

A. Writer’s Idea

The writer’s idea for a paragraph appears in the first sentence of a paragraph, which is a topic sentence. For example, if students know how to write a topic sentence , they present readers with a complete and distinct idea that proves or supports a thesis statement. In this case, authors should carefully word their topic sentences to ensure that there is no unnecessary generalization or spillovers of ideas from other paragraphs. Notably, all the topic sentences in the body of a critical response essay share a logical relationship that allows the audience to easily follow the development of the central idea of a paper.

B. Evidence

Students should provide evidence that supports the idea that they propose in the topic sentence. Basically, the evidence for all body paragraphs is the product of critical reading of an article, which allows writers to identify meaningful portions of a text. During the presentation of evidence, learners should ascertain that the contextual meaning of paraphrases or quotations is not lost because such a strategy will harm interpretations that follow after it. In turn, critical response essays must not contain lengthy or numerous quotations unless the meaning or intended effect of a quotation is not replicable upon paraphrasing.

C. Interpretation.

Interpretation segments of paragraphs allow authors to explain the significance of the evidence to the topic sentence. In a critical response essay, the interpretation is the equivalent of an author revealing the possible assumptions behind a text paraphrase and commenting on whether or not he or she finds them reasonable. Moreover, students make inferences concerning their meaning in the context of the entire narrative and its relation to the paragraph’s idea. In turn, learners should refrain from reading too much into a piece of evidence because it may result in false or unreasonable inferences.

D. Concluding Sentence

The concluding statement is the final sentence of any paragraph. In this case, the primary role of the concluding sentence is to emphasize the link between the topic sentence, evidence, interpretation, and the essay’s central idea. Also, the concluding statement should not contain an in-text citation because it does not introduce new evidence to support the topic sentence. Therefore, authors use concluding sentences to maintain the unity between body paragraphs and a critical response essay in its entirety.

3. Conclusion

The conclusion comprises of three core elements: a restatement of a thesis statement, a summary of the main points that authors present in body paragraphs, and closing remarks. In particular, the first statement of the conclusion draws the attention of the audience to the central idea, which an author proposes in a thesis statement. Then, students review the main points of a critical response essay to demonstrate that written arguments in body paragraphs adequately support a thesis statement. Moreover, writers should summarize the main points of a paper in the same order that they appear in the main part to guarantee that logical pattern in the body is readily discernible in summary. Finally, learners make their closing remarks, which creates a sense of wholesomeness in a critical response essay or ties a paper to a larger relevant discourse.

Example of Writing a Critical Response Essay

Topic: American Capitalism: The New Face of Slavery

I. Sample Introduction of a Critical Response Essay

Capitalism is a dominant characteristic of the American economy. In this case, Matthew Desmond’s article “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation” discusses the role of slavery in shaping contemporary business practices. Specifically, the author attempts to convince the audience that the brutality of American capitalism originates from slavery. In turn, Desmond lays a strong but simple foundation for his argument, which ensures that the audience can conceptualize the link between plantation slavery and contemporary American capitalistic practices.

II. Example of a Body in a Critical Response Essay

A. example of the first body paragraph: american capitalism.

Early in the article, Desmond informs readers of the high variability in the manifestation of capitalism in societies, which creates the impression that American capitalism is a choice. For example, Desmond (2019) argues that the brutality of American capitalism is simply one of the possible outcomes of a society built on capitalistic principles because other societies implement the same principles in a manner that is liberating, protective, and democratic. Moreover, Desmond begins his argument by eliminating a popular presumption that exploitation and oppression are unavoidable outcomes of capitalism. In turn, this strategic move to establish this fact is in the introductory section of the article because it invites the audience to rethink the meaning of capitalism. Furthermore, its plants doubt regarding the ‘true’ meaning of capitalism outside the context of American society.

B. Example of the Second Body Paragraph: American Capitalism: Slavery and American’s Economic Growth

After establishing that the perception of capitalism through the lens of American society has some bias, Desmond proceeds to provide detailed evidence to explain the attempt to camouflage the obvious link between slavery and America’s economic growth. For instance, Desmond (2019) notes the role of Alfred Chandler’s book, The Visible Hand, and Caitlin Rosenthal’s book, Accounting for Slavery, in breaking the link between management practices in plantations and modern corporations by suggesting that the current business practices are a consequence of the 19th-century railroad industry. In this case, Desmond uses this evidence to make a logical appeal to the audience, which makes his argument more convincing because he explains the reason behind the exclusion of slavery in the discourse on modern industry. As a result, Desmond dismisses one of the main counterarguments against his central argument, which increases his persuasive power.

C. Example of the Third Body Paragraph: Input vs. Output Dynamic

Desmond emphasizes the link between slavery and American capitalism to readers by using the simple input vs. output dynamic throughout the article. For example, Desmond (2019) compares the Plantation Record and Account Book to the heavy digital surveillance techniques in modern workplaces because they collect data, which the employers use to maximize productivity while minimizing inputs. In particular, the comparison reveals that employers did not stop the practice of reducing laborers into units of production with fixed productivity thresholds. Moreover, the constant repetition of the theme of low input and high output dominates the body paragraphs, which makes it nearly impossible for readers to lose sight of the link between slavery and business practices under American capitalism. In turn, the simplification of the underlying logic in Desmond’s argument ensures its clarity to the audience.

III. Sample Conclusion of a Critical Response Essay

Desmond carefully plans the presentation of his argument to the audience, which allows readers to follow the ideas easily. In particular, the author starts with a call for readers to set aside any presumptions concerning capitalism and its origin. Then, Desmond provides the audience with an alternative narrative with support from seminal texts in slavery and economics. On the whole, Desmond manages to convince the audience that the American capitalistic society is merely a replica rather than an aberration of slavery.

Citing Sources in a Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay contains specific thoughts of the article’s author and direct words of the text’s author. In this case, students must conduct proper documentation to ensure that readers of critical response essays can distinguish between these two types of ‘voices.’ Moreover, documentation prevents incidents of plagiarism. Usually, instructors mention a referencing technique that students should use in writing a critical response essay. However, if assignment instructions do not identify a specific documentation style, writers should use a referencing technique that is acceptable for scholarly writing in their disciplines.

In-text citation:

  • Parenthetical: (Desmond, 2019).
  • Narrative: Desmond (2019).
  • Desmond, M. (2019, August 12). In order to understand the brutality of American capitalism, you have to start on the plantation . New York Times.
  • Parenthetical: (Desmond par. 1).
  • Narrative: Desmond argues . . . (par. 1).

Works Cited:

  • Desmond, Matthew. “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation.” New York Times , 14 Aug. 2019,

3. Harvard Referencing

  • Parenthetical: (Desmond 2019).

Reference List:

  • Desmond, M 2019, In order to understand the brutality of American capitalism, you have to start on the plantation . Available from: <>. [27 August 2020].

4. Chicago/Turabian

In-text citation (footnote):

  • 1. Matthew Desmond, “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation,” New York Times, August 14, 2019,


  • Desmond, Matthew. “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation.” New York Times. August 14, 2019.

Final Provisions on a Critical Response Essay

  • Critical reading is a precursor for writing an effective critical response essay.
  • Students must conduct adequate research on a topic to develop a proper understanding of a theme, even if only one article appears on the reference list.
  • Notetaking or annotation is a good practice that aids students in extracting meaning from an article.
  • Writers should plan for all activities in the writing process to ascertain that they have adequate time to move through all the stages.
  • An outline is an organizational tool, which learners must use to establish the sequence of ideas in a critical response essay.
  • The purpose of a critical response essay has a significant impact on the selection of evidence and the arrangement of body paragraphs.
  • Students should prioritize revision and editing, which represent opportunities to refine the content of an essay and remove mechanical issues.
  • Collaborative and individual revision are equally important because they play different roles in the writing of a critical response essay.
  • Evidence selection is dependent on the purpose and thesis statement of a critical response essay.

To Learn More, Read Relevant Articles

723 informative essay topics & ideas, how to write a character analysis essay with examples and tips.

How to Write a Critical Response Essay: Step-by-Step Guide

Graduating without sharpening your critical thinking skills can be detrimental to your future career goals. To spare you the trouble, college teachers assign critical response tasks to prepare learners for making rational decisions.

Critical response papers also help professors assess the knowledge of each student on a relevant topic. They expect learners to conduct an in-depth analysis of each source and present their opinions based on the information they managed to retrieve.

This article aims to help students who have no idea how to write critical response essays. It offers insight into academic structuring, formatting, and editing rules. Here is our step-by-step recipe for writing a critical response essay.

What Is a Critical Response Essay?

The critical response essay displays the writer’s reaction to a written work. By elaborating on the content of a book, article, or play, you should discuss the author’s style and strategy for achieving the intended purpose. Ideally, the paper requires you to conduct a rhetorical analysis, interpret the text, and synthesize findings.

Instead of sharing somebody else’s solution on the subject matter, here you present your argumentation. Unlike a descriptive essay, this paper should demonstrate your strong expository skills. Often, a custom writing service can prove helpful if you find your evaluation essay time-consuming. Offering a value judgment about a specific topic takes time to acquire.

Another thing you should consider is not just focusing on the flaws. Though this is not a comparison and contrast essay, you must also reveal the strengths and present them without exaggeration. What matters is to develop your perspective on the work and how it affects the readership through implicit and explicit writing means.

Besides assessing your ability to develop coherent argumentation, professors will also grade your paper composition skills. They want to ensure you can critically reflect on various literature pieces. Hence, it’s essential to learn to analyze your topic thoroughly. This way, you gain a deep understanding and can organize a meaningful text.

Critical Response Essay & Other Essay Types

Standard essays contain three main segments: introduction, main body, and conclusion. But any other aspect beyond this vague outline differs depending on the assigned type. And while your critical response resembles an opinion essay since it expresses your viewpoint, you must distinguish it from other kinds.

For example, let’s consider a classification essay or a process essay. The first only lists the features of a particular object or several concepts to group them into categories. The second explains how something happens in chronological order and lists the phases of a concrete process. Hence, these variants are purely objective and lack personal reflection.

A narrative essay is more descriptive, with a focal point to tell a story. Furthermore, there’s the definition essay, an expository writing that provides information about a specific term. The writer, while showcasing their personal interpretation, must avoid criticism of the matter. Professional personal statement writers can provide assistance in creating the best essay that reflects the writer’s individual opinion.

Finally, though you can find some resemblances with an argumentative paper, critical responses comprise two parts. First, you quickly make an analytical summary of the original work and then offer a critique of the author’s writing. When drafting, it’s advisable to refrain from an informal essay format.

What Is the Structure of a Critical Response Essay?

The critical essay will have a typical structure consisting of five paragraphs. It is the most effective and easiest to follow. Here’s a brief demonstration of what you should include in each segment.


The introductory paragraph reveals your main argument related to the analysis. You should also briefly summarize the piece to acquaint the reader with the text. The purpose of the introduction is to give context and show how you interpreted the literary work.

These paragraphs discuss the main themes in the book or article. In them, ensure you provide comments on the context, style, and layout. Moreover, include as many quotations from the first-hand text or other sources to support your interpretation.

However, finding memorable quotes and evidence in the original book can be challenging. If you have difficulties drafting a body paragraph, write your essay online with the help of a custom writing platform. These experts will help you show how you reached your conclusions.

This paragraph restates all your earlier points and how they make sense. Hence, try to bind all your comments together in an easily digestible way for your readers. The ultimate purpose is to help the audience understand your logic and unify the essay’s central idea with your interpretations.

Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay

Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay

If you wonder how to write a critical response, remember that it takes time and proper planning. You will have to address multiple data, draft ideas, and rewrite your essay fast and efficiently. Follow the methods below to organize better and get a high grade without putting too much pressure on your shoulders.

1. Pick a Topic

Professors usually choose the topic and help you grasp the focus of the research. Yet, in some cases, you might be able to select a theme you like. When deciding, ensure the book can provide several arguments, concepts, or phenomena to review. You should also consider if there’s enough available data for analysis.

2. Research and Gather Information

This assignment means you cannot base your argumentation on personal beliefs and preferences. Instead, you must be flexible and accept different opinions from acknowledged scholarly sources. Moreover, ensure you have a reliable basis for your comments.

In short, avoid questionable resources and be accurate when referencing. Finding a single article claiming the concept or idea is correct and undisputable isn’t enough. You must read and consult various sources and conduct a meticulous examination.

3. Prepare the Outline

Define your claim or thesis statement and think of a “catch” sentence that will attract the reader’s attention. You must also consider titling an essay and giving background data and facts. At this stage, it’s also recommendable to establish the number of body segments. This step will help you get a more precise writing plan you will later reinforce with examples and evidence.

4. Start Rough Drafting

When writing your first draft, consider dedicating each section to a distinct argument or supporting evidence that proves your point. Cite and give credit as appropriate and ensure your text flows seamlessly and logically. Also, anticipate objections from opponents by including statements grounding your criticism.

5. Revise and Edit

Typically, your rough draft will require polishing. The best approach is to sleep on it to reevaluate its quality in detail. Check the relevance of your thesis statement and argumentation and ensure your work is free of spelling and grammatical mistakes. Also, your sentences should be concise and straight to the point, without irrelevant facts or fillers.

The Dos and Don’ts in Critical Response Essay Writing

Check your work against the following dos and don’ts for a perfect written piece.

  • Pick an intriguing title.
  • Cite each source, including quotations and theoretical information.
  • Connect sentences by using transition words for an essay like “First,” “Second,” “Moreover,” or “Last” for a good flow.
  • Start writing in advance because last-minute works suffer from poor argumentation and grammar.
  • Each paragraph must contain an analysis of a different aspect.
  • Use active verbs and dynamic nouns.
  • Ask a friend or classmate to proofread your work and give constructive comments.
  • Check the plagiarism level to ensure it’s free of copied content.
  • Don’t exceed the specified word limit.
  • Follow professional formatting guidelines.
  • Your summary must be short and not introduce new information.
  • Avoid clichés and overusing idioms.
  • Add the cited bibliography at the end.

Related posts:

  • Persuasive Essay: a Comprehensive Guide & Help Source
  • How to Write a News Story
  • How to Write an Autobiography Essay: Guide for College Students
  • A Foolproof Guide to Creating a Causal Analysis Essay

Improve your writing with our guides

How to Write a Scholarship Essay

How to Write a Scholarship Essay

Definition Essay: The Complete Guide with Essay Topics and Examples

Definition Essay: The Complete Guide with Essay Topics and Examples

Critical Essay: The Complete Guide. Essay Topics, Examples and Outlines

Critical Essay: The Complete Guide. Essay Topics, Examples and Outlines

Get 15% off your first order with edusson.

Connect with a professional writer within minutes by placing your first order. No matter the subject, difficulty, academic level or document type, our writers have the skills to complete it.

100% privacy. No spam ever.

essay for critical response

Logo for University of West Florida Pressbooks

Want to create or adapt books like this? Learn more about how Pressbooks supports open publishing practices.

7 Writing the Critical Response Essay (CRE)

The Critical Response Essay is a multi-paragraph, multi-page essay that requires you to take one of your Critical Response Paragraphs and revise it to create a more complex and stronger argument. You should choose your best CRP or the one that most interests you. Focus on making it not only a longer argument, but also a better argument, using what you’ve learned since writing the original piece to improve the argument and the writing itself (argument form, paragraph form, and grammar). Also use what you’ve learned from my feedback and from our discussions in class and individual conferences. You must include confutation.


CREs require that you use classical argument form. The parts of this kind of argument are as follow:

Key Takeaways

  • Introduction Paragraph , ending with claim
  • [ Confutation as first argument paragraph ?]
  • Argument Paragraphs (two or three): Begin with a subclaim , then support it by providing textual evidence and analysis of evidence [including confutation within?]
  • [ Confutation as final argument paragraph ?]
  • Conclusion [confutation as conclusion?]
  • Works Cited

Your title may not be simply the title of the story or the assignment. It must be a title that is specific to your argument.


  • Introduce the story and the author about which you are writing. If you’re writing about a film, identify the director.
  • Call attention to the features of the story on which you will base your argument. This is the ONLY part of the essay in which you may summarize parts of the story.
  • END the introduction with your CLAIM.
  • If you have no claim, you have no argument, and therefore you may earn a disappointing grade.
  • Likewise, if your claim does not appear in the introduction, your reader has no way of knowing what your subclaims and evidence are attempting to prove.
  • It’s not like a joke where you save the punchline until last.
  • It’s not mystery-writing, where you don’t identify the murderer until the end.
  • It’s an argument. So for your reader to understand what is the point of all the evidence and analysis you’re working so hard to create, you must tell her, in the introduction, what you’re trying to argue and prove.

Writing an Arguable Claim

  • Think in terms of theme .
  • Theme cannot be expressed with just a word or even a short phrase, like sibling rivalry or fear of marriage. Those are interesting topics, but they are not yet themes.
  • To turn a topic into a theme, you must be able to say what the story shows us about the topic , that relates to real life beyond the story.

“Beauty and the Beast” illustrates sibling rivalry.

This is an insufficient claim about theme because it doesn’t give me even a hint of what you think the story says about sibling rivalry. Unless you plan to tell me that in the next sentence, there’s a problem with your claim. By the way, a claim can be more than one sentence.

Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont’s “Beauty and the Beast” illustrates how sibling rivalry can be caused by unnecessary competition for mates, particularly in the case of sisters.

Now that’s an arguable claim because it includes author, title, a topic, and what the story says about the topic and how it relates to real life.

You can make this claim even stronger (and give yourself greater confidence that your argument will be persuasive) by including the main textual evidence you will cite.

Or you could revise this idea to discuss how cultural expectations play a role in this kind of rivalry and unhealthy competition. See the CRP Example for something like that.

If it helps, you can think of these components as part of a formula.

Let X be the story and some particular feature of it.

Let Y be the theme you are arguing.

Instead of an equal sign, we insert a verb that expresses the relationship between X and Y:

(=) illustrates, shows, portrays, dramatizes, suggests (etc.)

In this example:

Let X be the elder sisters’ resentment toward Beauty.

Let Y be how sibling rivalry can be caused by competition for mates.

Notice in the example below how this process creates an arguable claim.

(X) The elder sisters’ resentment toward Beauty in “Beauty and the Beast”

(Y) how sibling rivalry can be caused by competition for mates.


  • Support the claim with argument paragraphs.
  • How many you need is up to you, but generally at least two, in some cases three or four.
  • Begin EVERY argument paragraph with a TOPIC SENTENCE
  • The topic sentence is like a mini-claim, the paragraph’s claim
  • Tells me what you’ll argue in this paragraph
  • And tells or shows how this point supports the main claim.
  • Support the topic sentence with textual evidence and analysis
  • Quotations and your analysis of them.
  • See the Quotation Sandwich document for guidance.
  • Vary the verbs you use to incorporate quotations into your sentences. DO NOT use the words “says,” “states,” or “writes” (or any forms of these verbs). See the document titled “Effective Verbs for Introducing Quotations in Canvas for many possible verbs that you may use.
  • Use transitional terms—also called “signposts”—to show the relationships from one point to the next and from one paragraph to the next. The internet is full of lists of transitional terms. Here’s one good source: Transition Words.


Confutation makes an argument stronger by dealing with opposing points and evidence.

  • Confutation includes the following parts:
  • Presenting opposition fairly (opposing claims or ideas)

Remember that the opposition must not be a “straw man.” That is, you must engage with something that a careful reader would actually argue, not a simplistic, obviously erroneous reading.

Some readers might argue that the sisters are not abusive toward Beauty.

This example is a straw man statement. No one would seriously argue this point because the sisters actually plot to get Beauty killed, and what could be more abusive than that?

  • Refuting the opposition: showing how it is incorrect or at least as correct as your reading.
  • Directly after the introduction
  • o Directly before the conclusion
  • o As part of the conclusion
  • o Within paragraphs, to deal with possible alternative interpretations of your textual evidence.

Consider a confutation involving the fairy who appears at the end of “Beauty and the Beast” and what she does to Beauty’s sisters. That is, she punishes the two sisters for their bad behavior. Some readers see this as fair because those mean girls get what’s coming to them. But others see it as a missed opportunity to promote sisterhood among all three of the girls. Here are examples of how to write these points as a complete confutation.

State the opposition, as fairly as possible: When the fairy punishes the two sisters for their bad behavior, some readers see this extreme punishment as fair because those mean girls finally get what is coming to them.

Refute the opposition: But by imposing this punishment, the fairy misses a chance to promote sisterhood among all three of the girls. But if she has such powerful magic, that she can turn young women to stone, shouldn’t she be able to teach them to love each other instead?

This refutation includes a rhetorical question; it is not meant for you to answer, but to leave the reader thinking about your ideas. You are not required to pose your refutation as a question; this is just one way to write your refutation.

What do you do with a conclusion? Do not just restate your claim, even if you change some of the wording. That’s not worth your reader’s time. So what is worth your reader’s time?

  • A kind of wrap-up: What’s the point of this argument? What has been learned here and why does it matter? What do you want you and your reader to have learned or created together?
  • And why is this important? Does it apply to real life now? How?
  • Certainly the spirit of your claim will be here. But not just your claim reworded.
  • o Because you’ve just been feeding it and exercising it,
  • o So now it’s bigger and more interesting.
  • o So you should be able to talk it about it with greater complexity and authority. Don’t go crazy and add new ideas—remember you’re wrapping things up.
  • Confutation as Conclusion: You may be able to write a conclusion that includes confutation. Why might this be a useful strategy? Why might it be problematic?

Understanding the difference between claim and conclusion

  • the conclusion is similar to the claim
  • and yet more detailed and complete in meaning.
  • Notice the relationship between the CLAIM and the Conclusion in this example:

The story of “The Frog King, or Iron Henry” illustrates and even promotes the importance of consent in relationships.

In this way, the story highlights the importance of understanding and respecting the value of consent. This tale teaches readers to stand up for themselves and refuse to give in to situations that will clearly cause discomfort or danger.

Keep this guidance and these examples handy as you draft your essay, and remember that I’m happy to answer questions and review drafts within the time constraints announced in class.

Introduction to Literature Copyright © by Judy Young is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book

A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Critical Response Essay

colored papers anchored to the whiteboard with magnets

Students have to write different types of essays all the time. However, they face many problems when it comes to writing a critical response essay. Why is it so hard to manage? What are the main components of it? We will answer all these questions in our complete guide to help you learn how you can write this type of essays quickly and easily.

What Is a Critical Response Essay?

First things first – let’s find out what a critical response essay is and what components it includes.

It is an assignment that is based on your analytical skills. It implies the understanding of the primary source, such as literary work, movie or painting (its problematic, content, and significance), and the ability to perform critical thinking and reflect your opinion on the given subject.

The aim of critical response essay is to get familiarised with the subject, form your opinion (the agreement or disagreement with the author), reveal the problematic of the piece and support your claims with evidence from the primary source.

For example, your task might be to analyze the social structure in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.

How Is It Different From Other Essay Types?

Every essay you write has a very similar structure that consists of an introduction, the main body, and the conclusion. While this type is not an exception and is quite similar to an analytical essay , it still has differences. One of those is the fact that it contains two parts. The first part includes a quick summary of the analyzed work. The second part is a critique – a response to the author’s opinion, facts, examples, etc.

What Should You Pay Attention To?

Before we dive into the guide and the steps of crafting your critical essay, let’s take a look at some of the most common pitfalls that often occur during the writing process of a piece like this.

Not knowing what you are writing about.

This makes no sense, right? So, be sure to read the piece that your topic is based on and make sure you understand what it is about.

Not understanding what your task is.

Be attentive to the task and make sure you understand what is required from you. You would be surprised if you knew how many essays are written without even touching the main question or problematic.

Being in a hurry.

A lot of students start working on their essays at the very last moment and do it in haste. You can avoid a lot of mistakes if you are attentive, focused, and organized. If you have too little time to write a strong response essay yourself, you can always get the assistance of a professional writing service. This will help you to be on time with your assignment without sacrificing its quality.

And now let’s begin your journey of writing an essay.

Step 1. Examine the Primary Source

Before starting actually writing your critical essay, you need to get acquainted with the subject of your analysis. It might be an article, a book or any other type of text. Sometimes, this task is given for pieces of art, such as a painting or a movie.

So, the first step would be to gain as much information about the subject as possible. You might also search for some reviews or research papers on the subject. Be sure to examine the primary source thoroughly and read the complete text if it is a piece of writing.

Advice: make notes while you are working with your primary source. Highlight the main points that will build a basis for your analysis and which you can use to form your opinion on. Notes will also help you to structure your essay.

  • Did you read the whole text or examined your primary source thoroughly?
  • Did you find information on the topic of your assignment?
  • Did you write down the key points that you are going to use for your essay?

Step 2. Analyze the Source and Your Notes

After you finished with your primary source, try to analyze and summarize all of your findings. Identify the problematic of the piece and find the appropriate notes that you have made to structure your future essay.

Formulate your opinion – are you agree or disagree with the author? Can you support your statements with evidence?

  • Did you examine all the notes you have?
  • Did you form your opinion on the subject?
  • Did you find the arguments to support your main point?
  • Did you succeed to define the strengths and weaknesses of the work?

Step 3. Write Your Essay

After you have all of the needed materials next to you, you can start working on the text of your essay.

  • First of all, write a critical response essay rough draft.
  • Reread your draft and make your edits.
  • Proofread and edit your final version.
  • Check for plagiarism, grammatical and punctuation errors.
  • Write a Works Cited page or bibliography page (if required).

Now, we will look at each part of your essay in detail. Keep in mind that you have to follow the guidelines provided by your teacher or professor. Some critical response essay examples will come in handy at this step.

How to Write a Critical Response Introduction

Your introduction is the part where you have to provide your thesis statement. Once you have your opinion and your thoughts organized, it’s pretty easy to make them transform into a statement that all your essay will be built on. Express your agreement or disagreement with the author.

For example, your thesis statement might be:

“Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare is a masterpiece that raises the problem of social inequality and classes differentiation which aggravates the drama culmination.

Advice: make sure you have evidence to support your thesis statement later in the text. Make your introduction in the form of a brief summary of the text and your statement. You need to introduce your reader to the topic and express your opinion on it.

  • Did you embed your thesis statement?
  • Is your thesis statement complete and suitable for the topic?
  • Can you support your thesis statement with evidence?
  • Did you summarize the analyzed subject?
  • Did you start your introduction with a catchy sentence – a powerful statement, fact, quote or intriguing content?
  • Did you include a transition sentence at the end of your introduction?

How to Write Critical Response Paragraphs

Explain each of your main points in separate body paragraphs. Structure your text so that the most strong statement with the following supporting evidence is placed first. Afterward, explain your other points and provide examples and evidence from the original text.

Remember that each of your statements should support your main idea – your thesis statement. Provide a claim at the beginning of the paragraph and then develop your idea in the following text. Support each of your claims with at least one quote from the primary source.

For example:

To distinguish the division between classes and express the contribution of each social class Shakespeare used different literary methods. For example, when a person from a lower class speaks, Shakespeare uses prose:

NURSE I saw the wound, I saw it with mine eyes (God save the mark!) here on his manly breast— A piteous corse, a bloody piteous corse, Pale, pale as ashes, all bedaubed in blood, All in gore blood. I swoonèd at the sight. (3.2.58-62)

At the same time upper-class characters speak in rhymed verse:

MONTAGUE But I can give thee more, For I will raise her statue in pure gold, That while Verona by that name is known, There shall no figure at such rate be set As that of true and faithful Juliet. (5.3.309-313)
  • Did you support your thesis statement with claims?
  • Do your claims appeal to critical response questions?
  • Did you provide evidence for each claim?

How to Write Critical Response Conclusion

The best way to conclude your essay is to restate your thesis statement in different phrasing. Summarize all of your findings and repeat your opinion on the subject. A one- or two-paragraph conclusion is usually enough if not requested more.

We’ve also prepared some critical response essay topics for you:

  • Explain the changes of the character throughout the novel: Frodo from Lord of the Rings /Dorian Gray from The Picture of Dorian Gray .
  • Examine a setting and the atmosphere in the novel Gone with the Wind/Jane Eyre .
  • Investigate the cultural or historical background in Romeo and Juliet/Macbeth .
  • Describe the impact of the supporting character: Horatio in Hamlet /Renfield in Dracula .
  • Describe the genre of the work and its influence on the mood of the piece: To Build a Fire/ For Whom the Bell Tolls.

This was our step-by-step guide to writing your perfect critical response essay. We hope our tips will be useful to you!

Related posts

carved pumpkin in a green smoke

Critical Response Essay: Topics, Examples & How to Write

If you’ve ever read an exhaustive review of a movie or a book, you already know what a critical response essay looks like. This assignment requires you to reflect on a writing piece, film, play, or other art product. The point is to analyze the work and express your attitude toward its content and form.

This article will teach you how to write a critical response essay on different texts. You’ll also find some topic ideas and an example of this paper type.

🔤 What Is a Critical Response Essay?

💡 response essay topics.

  • ✍️ How to Write a Critical Response

📝 Critical Response Essay Example

📚 more critical response examples, 🔗 references.

A critical response essay is a written assignment in which you should analyze someone’s work. The subject of your analysis can be a book, a piece of poetry , a short story, a scholarly article, a film, a song, and many more.

You might wonder what the “critical” part of a critical response essay means. It doesn’t imply that you should harshly judge the writing piece. Rather, you need to evaluate a text, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses. For example, you can analyze whether the author used enough convincing evidence to support the main point.

A critical response essay usually includes the following elements: an introduction, summary, analysis, response, and conclusion.

The first step in creating an essay is to decide what to write about. Below you’ll find a list of interesting topics to inspire you. However, if none of these ideas meets your demands, you can try our topic generator.

  • Is Shakespeare’s King Lear insane?
  • Is peace or success more critical in The Great Gatsby by F. S. Fitzgerald?
  • Allegory and symbolism in “ Everyday Use” by Alice Walker.
  • Women’s challenges in “The Story of an Hour.”
  • Ravenscroft’s use of irony in Careless Lovers to reveal society’s wrongs.
  • The symbolic meaning of the devil in Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown.”
  • How did Tim O’Brien express the theme of morality in The Things They Carried ?
  • The meaning of “hero” in The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien.
  • The American Dream in The Death of a Salesman .
  • A caretaker’s conflict in “Daddy Issues ” by Sandra Tsing Loh.
  • Was Hamlet’s revenge the right decision?
  • Shakespeare’s Macbeth as a reference to the Christian fall of man.
  • How did Mark Twain depict racism in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ?
  • Would Hucklebery Finn make a good man?
  • What is the tragedy in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex ?
  • What is the most acute issue highlighted in Nella Larsen’s Passing ?
  • The press and the government in The Making of a Quagmire by David Halberstam.
  • The Thousand and One Nights as a reflection of Middle East culture.
  • Poverty in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens.
  • Gender issues raised in Othello by Shakespeare.
  • Can The Glass Menagerie be considered a classical tragedy?
  • The Chinese and American female characters in Joy Luck Club .
  • The Epic of Gilgamesh : Can the opposites be partners?
  • Egocentrism in “A Good Man Is Hard to Find. ”
  • The fragility of the family institution in Williams’ The Glass Menagerie .
  • Does the book The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People answer how to achieve success?
  • Franz Kafka’s “Metamorphosis” : Does Gregor Zamza deserve pity or compassion?
  • The issue of a social outsider in “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner .
  • “The Story of an Hour” : Is every marriage doomed?
  • The god complex in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.

✍️ How to Write a Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay has the following format:

  • Introduction.
  • Conclusion.

This image shows the critical response essay format.

Below we will look at how to write a critical response essay step by step.

Critical Response Introduction

An introduction is your chance to make an excellent first impression on a reader. Here is a detailed breakdown of what it should include:

  • Details about the analyzed work . In the first sentence, provide the author’s name and the title of the work you will write about.
  • Relevant background information . Explain what the analyzed writing piece is about and provide the relevant context.
  • The author’s thesis statement . Mention what argument the author makes and what key points are used to support it.
  • Your thesis statement . The last sentence of your introduction should include your main argument about the analyzed work. Avoid simply agreeing or disagreeing with the author’s thesis. Instead, highlight the evaluated text’s strengths and weaknesses or focus on particular aspects, such as characters, style, literary devices, etc.

As the name implies, critical response summary part should summarize your selected work in a few paragraphs. Here are some tips for you to write this section:

  • Explain the author’s purpose — why did they create this work?
  • Summarize the author’s main points used to support the argument.
  • Do not use direct quotes ; instead, paraphrase key points from the source.
  • Do not provide your opinion — you’ll get a chance to do it in the later sections.

While the previous section looked at what the author wrote, this one will examine how the author expressed their point.

Here are some questions to guide your analysis. You should choose only those that fit your essay purpose and the analyzed piece:

  • Has the author reached their writing goal (persuading, informing, explaining, etc.)?
  • How unbiased and precise was the piece?
  • What literary devices have you noticed?
  • Were the author’s arguments strong enough?
  • Are there any logical flaws in the writing?
  • What is the author’s tone?

The analysis section should include direct quotes from the original text. They should be relevant to the point you make. After introducing a quotation, explain it and link it to your main argument.

This image shows additional advice for the analysis section of a critical response essay.

Finally, you’ve reached the point where your opinion is required .

In this section, you should present your well-thought-out evaluation of the source. For example, if you’ve been analyzing an argumentative essay , explain whether you found it convincing enough and why. When assessing an informative article, say whether it gave you a good grasp of the topic and what particular text features made it simple for you to understand.

Consider these tips when writing a personal response section:

  • Make sure you express your opinion to the fullest.
  • Reflect on particular elements rather than an entire work.
  • Use strong evidence to support your point of view.
  • Organize your ideas in logical order.
  • Tie your response to your thesis statement.

The conclusion of your critical analysis essay should include the following:

  • Restated thesis. Start your final paragraph by paraphrasing your thesis statement.
  • Summary of the points discussed. Remind the reader of your main ideas.
  • Closing statement. Suggest a prompt that will make your readers think further about your argument.

This image says to avoid adding quotes and new information in the conclusion.

Now, let’s look at a critical response essay example.

In his famous speech given at Stanford in 2005, Steeve Jobs gave valuable advice to Stanford graduates. The author’s main point is that if people want to accomplish their goals, they should be passionate. While I agree with this view, I will argue that one of the key themes permeating this speech is hope and faith.

The author shares three stories from his life. The first story is about dropping out of college. The second is about the lessons Jobs learned when he was fired from Apple. Finally, the third story deals with the author’s reflections on death.

While this talk is mainly about passion for one’s work, it also deals with the issues of hope and faith. This theme can be traced throughout the speech. For example, in the first story, Jobs says that people should “connect the dots.” It means that life is not a random sequence of events. Whatever difficulties arise, they serve some purpose, so people should never lose faith in a better future.

For me, this speech sounds hopeful and inspiring. I agree with Job’s view that passion is vital, but even more, I support his emphasis on the role of hope and faith. Jobs showed that his ability not to lose hope guided him through hard times. For example, Jobs’ dismissal was a devastating experience for him, but he realized that it was a new start for him, and he was able to move on.

In conclusion, hope and faith in a better future are one of the main themes of Jobs’ speech at Stanford. The speaker showed how being hopeful has helped him survive the darkest moments. Therefore, people should not give up whenever life throws challenges at them.

Do you want some more critical response examples? Below, we’ve included two sample responses to a non-fiction article and a fiction work. Check them out!

Critical Response to an Article Example

The following critical response example is based on an article published in Time. Check it out to learn how to respond to non-fiction.

In his article entitled "Conspiracy Theories, Class Tension, Political Intrigue," Maurice Samuels draws a parallel between the French government's mishandling of the cholera crisis in 1832 and the US government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Samuels believes that leadership failures increase societal tensions and create the way for political revolution. His analysis is a powerful reminder of the critical role that strong and united leadership plays in dealing with public health crises.

The article discusses the 1832 cholera outbreak in Paris, highlighting the government's ineffective response and the public's anger. It also examines the June Rebellion and the Duchesse de Berry's coup attempt, which failed because of public indifference. The author links the Paris cholera outbreak to the recent coronavirus pandemic in the US, arguing that leaders should prioritize transparency and openness to scientific advice.

On the one hand, the author emphasizes the importance of effective leadership and a unified response to public health crises, which makes this article relevant to the coronavirus situation in the US. On the other hand, the article could be more specific in analyzing the consequences of President Trump's actions, providing more examples of what a leader should do in a crisis.

I found the article both informative and thought-provoking. The author profoundly understands the history of epidemics and their impact on society. The article also raises important questions about leadership and public health policy. I agree with the author's conclusion that we need leaders who are willing to put the needs of their citizens first and who are not afraid to make tough decisions.

The article is a valuable contribution to discussing the pandemic and its broader societal implications. It highlights the importance of strong, united leadership in managing public health crises and preventing societal unrest. This article reminds us that even in an emergency, we must learn from our past mistakes to ensure a bright and healthy future.

Critical Response Paper Example for Fiction

Here, we have prepared a critical response essay to Fahrenheit 451 written by Ray Bradbury.

In Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury outlines a dystopian future in which books are prohibited, and firemen are responsible for burning them. The novel warns about the dangers of censorship and the importance of freedom of speech. It raises questions about the role of government and the nature of knowledge and explores issues that are still relevant today.

The novel is about Guy Montag, a fireman who burns books for a living. Montag is a kind and polite man, but at the same time, he is unsatisfied with his job. He begins to doubt the government's policy of burning books and finally begins stealing and reading books secretly. He joins a group of rebels who teach him about the importance of books and the dangers of censorship. Eventually, Montag and the rebels defeat the government, establishing a society where books are allowed and people can think freely.

The novel effectively uses vivid imagery, symbols, and strong characters to create a suspenseful story. Bradbury's setting creates a familiar and strange world, with characters like Montag and others. However, the text still needs more depth and complexity in some characters, particularly the protagonist, Guy Montag.

I found Fahrenheit 451 an exciting and insightful novel since it allows the reader to rediscover the significance of reading through Montag's journey. I was particularly struck by the novel's depiction of censorship and the rebels' victory, which shows that it is possible to fight against censorship and preserve freedom of speech.

To summarize, Fahrenheit 451 is a well-written work that sends a message to humans about the value of knowledge and identity in a society that is easily corrupted by ignorance and censorship. The novel is still relevant in today’s world because it reminds us that the fight for free thought is an eternal one, waged not just on battlefields but in the quiet corners of every mind.

Other Critical Response Essay Examples

Find out other examples of critical responses below:

  • Analysis of “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr. Essay Example
  • “Why We Need Violent Video Games” by Gilsdorf Essay Example
  • Mukherjee’s “Two Ways to Belong in America” Response Essay Example
  • A Critical Appraisal of Two Qualitative Research Studies | Healthcare Paper Example

Now you know the secrets of writing an excellent critical response essay. So, feel free to start writing! Once you have done the assignment, listen to how your essay sounds with our text-to-speech tool. It will help you spot where your paper needs improvements.

  • Guidelines for the Process for Critical Response | University of Michigan
  • Writing a Response or Reaction Paper | Hunter College
  • Writing Critical Analysis Papers | JSIS Writing Center
  • Writing a Critical Response | University of Richmond
  • Advice on Writing and Revising Critical Essays | Williams College

Film Analysis: Example, Format, and Outline + Topics & Prompts

Demoessays review: free political science essay samples.

404 Not found

essay for critical response

How to Write a Response Paper: Understanding the Basics

essay for critical response

Writing a response paper is an important task for students. It allows them to critically analyze a text, express their thoughts and opinions, and improve their writing skills. In this comprehensive guide, our ‘ write my essay ’ experts will explore the basics of how to write a response paper, pre-writing steps, and crafting a winning introduction, body, and conclusion. So, let's dive in and discover a flawless response paper at the end!

Defining What is a Response Paper

A response paper is a written assignment that requires the student to read a text and respond to it by expressing their views on the topic. It can be a stand-alone assignment or part of a larger project. When writing a response paper, it is important to remember the audience you are writing for. Are you writing for your professor, classmates, or a broader audience? This will help you tailor your writing style and tone accordingly.

Moreover, this kind of academic assignment should not only summarize the text but also provide a critical analysis of its main arguments and ideas. It should demonstrate your understanding of the text and your ability to engage with it in a thoughtful and meaningful way.

Purpose of Crafting a Response Paper

Writing response papers aims to demonstrate your understanding of the text, give your opinions and thoughts, and provide evidence to support your claims. In addition, this type of paper can help you develop critical reading skills and formulate coherent arguments. By engaging with the text, you can identify its strengths and weaknesses, evaluate its claims, and form your own opinions about the topic.

Furthermore, crafting response paper examples can be a valuable exercise in self-reflection. It allows you to articulate your thoughts and feelings about a particular topic and can help you better understand your values and beliefs.

Types of Response Papers

There are various types of response papers, each with its own unique characteristics and requirements. These include:

How to Write a Response Paper

  • Personal response : Here, you express your personal opinions, thoughts, and emotions about the text. This type of paper allows you to engage with the text more personally and explore your reactions to it.
  • Critical response : Involves analyzing, evaluating, and interpreting the text to provide a critique. This type of paper requires you to engage with the text more objectively and analytically, focusing on its strengths and weaknesses and providing evidence to support your claims.
  • Research-based response : Research-based response paper examples involve using external sources to support your claims. This type of paper requires you to engage with the text and supplement your analysis with evidence from other sources, such as scholarly articles, books, or interviews.

Too Overwhelmed with Academic Assignments?

Let our professional writers take the burden off your shoulders, order an essay and rest easy knowing that your assignment is in capable hands!

How to Write a Response Paper: Pre-Writing Steps

Before diving into the writing process, laying a strong foundation through effective pre-writing steps is crucial. These initial stages not only provide clarity and structure but also enhance the overall quality of your response. And if you aren’t sure how to write a reaction paper , these steps can also be employed for your assignment.

How to Write a Response Paper

Carefully Read and Analyze the Text

The first step in response paper creation is to carefully read and analyze the text. This involves more than just reading the words on the page; it requires critical thinking and analysis. As you read, pay attention to the author's tone, style, and use of language. Highlight important points, take notes, and identify the author's main argument and themes. Consider the context in which the text was written and how it relates to contemporary issues.

For example, if you are reading a historical document, think about how it reflects the social and political climate of the time. If you are reading a work of fiction, consider how the characters and plot relate to larger themes and ideas. By carefully analyzing the text, you will be better equipped to write a thoughtful and insightful response.

Take Notes and Highlight Key Points

Another important step is to take notes while reading, as it helps you organize your thoughts and ideas. As you read through the text, jot down your reactions, questions, and observations. Highlight key points, evidence, and quotes that support the author's argument. This will make it easier to refer back to specific parts of the text when you are writing your response.

Additionally, taking notes can help you identify patterns and connections between different parts of the text. This can be especially helpful when you are trying to develop your thesis statement and outline.

Develop a Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is a central argument that you will be making in your paper. It should be clear and concise and provide direction for your essay. Your thesis statement should be based on your analysis of the text and should reflect your own perspective.

When developing your thesis statement, consider the main argument of the text and how you agree or disagree with it. Think about the evidence and examples that the author uses to support their argument and how you might use those same examples to support your own argument. Your thesis statement should be specific and focused and should guide the rest of your essay.

Create an Outline

If you want to unlock the most important tip on how to ace a response paper perfection, it lies in creating a well-organized outline. Identify key points, evidence, and arguments that you want to discuss and organize them into a well-written paper format. Your outline should include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Start by introducing the text and your thesis statement. In the body paragraphs, discuss your main points and provide evidence from the text to support your argument. Use quotes and examples to illustrate your points. In conclusion, summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement. In the following paragraphs, we'll delve deeper into writing each section with more details.

Actual Writing Process with a Response Paper Format

Now that you have completed the essential pre-writing steps, it's time to delve into the actual writing process of your paper. In this section of our comprehensive guide, we will explore how to start a response paper along with developing insightful body paragraphs and culminating in a powerful conclusion.

Engage the Reader In Your Introduction

The introduction is the first impression that your reader will have of your paper. It is important to make a good first impression, so you want to engage them right from the start. There are several ways to do this, such as providing context, using a hook, or starting with a rhetorical question.

For example, if you are writing a paper about the effects of social media on mental health, you might start with a hook like:

'Did you know that the average person spends over two hours a day on social media? That's more time than they spend exercising or socializing in person.' 

When working with your paper, this hook immediately grabs the reader's attention and makes them interested in learning more about your topic.

Provide Context and Background Information

Once you have engaged the reader, it's important to provide context for the text you are analyzing. This includes information like the author's name, the title of the work, and the publication date. This information helps the reader understand the context of the text and why it is important.

For example, if you are analyzing a poem by Maya Angelou, you would want to provide some background information about her life and work. You might mention that she was a civil rights activist and a prolific writer and that the poem you are analyzing was written in 1969, during a time of great social and political upheaval in the United States.

Present Your Thesis Statement

Finally, it's important to present your thesis statement in the introduction. The thesis statement is the main argument of your paper, and it should be presented clearly and concisely so that the reader knows exactly what your paper is about.

For instance, if you are crafting a response paper example about the effects of social media on mental health, your thesis statement might be something like:

'This paper argues that excessive use of social media can have negative effects on mental health, including increased anxiety, depression, and feelings of isolation.'

By presenting your thesis statement in the introduction, you are setting up the rest of your paper and giving the reader a roadmap for what to expect. This helps them stay focused and engaged throughout your paper.

Meanwhile, you can find out more about how to write an essay format and set the right referencing style for your assignment!

Crafting the Body

One key aspect of ensuring a well-structured and articulate paper is to utilize your typical response paper outline as a reliable roadmap. By following it, you can maintain focus, coherence, and logical flow throughout your response. Moreover, keep the following points in mind as you proceed with crafting the body of your response paper:

  • Use evidence and examples from the text:
  • Incorporate relevant quotes, statistics, or other evidence that supports your opinions and arguments.
  • By using evidence from the text, you can strengthen your argument and demonstrate a deep understanding of the material.
  • Analyze and interpret the text:
  • Demonstrate your critical thinking skills by thoroughly analyzing and interpreting the text.
  • Explain how the text relates to your thesis statement and overall argument.
  • Provide a clear and concise response that showcases your knowledge and understanding of the material.
  • Address counterarguments and alternative perspectives:
  • Acknowledge and address opposing viewpoints to demonstrate your ability to consider different perspectives.
  • Explain why your argument is stronger than the opposing viewpoint.
  • Provide evidence to support your claim and solidify your stance.

Concluding Your Paper

In the conclusion of your response paper example, it is essential to consolidate your reactions, ideas, and arguments regarding the text. Summarize the key points discussed throughout your paper, drawing inferences whenever applicable. 

When uncertain about ​​ how to write a conclusion for a research paper , the first important rule is to refrain from introducing new ideas or reiterating information already presented in the introduction of your paper. Instead, provide a concise and coherent summary that encapsulates the essence of your response, leaving a lasting impression on the reader.

Response Paper Example

To show you how to write a response paper effectively, our essay writer has provided an amazing example below. It will inspire you and help you on your own learning journey. Get ready to explore new ideas and expand your knowledge with our response paper sample.

As we conclude this comprehensive guide on how to write a response paper, you have acquired the essential tools and knowledge to embark on your writing journey with confidence. With a firm grasp of pre-writing strategies, the art of crafting an engaging introduction, organizing a well-structured body, and understanding the significance of supporting arguments and addressing counter arguments with a good response paper example, you are poised to leave a lasting impression.

And if you ever find yourself struggling to find inspiration or facing challenges with any aspect of your essays, order essay online and take advantage of the opportunity to seek assistance from our professional writing service team. By trusting us with your college essays and ordering a response paper, you can confidently navigate your academic journey!

Take the Stress Out of Writing Response Essays!

Our expert writers are ready to craft a tailored, insightful response essay example that meets your requirements.

Related Articles

Essay Writing Contests: The Ultimate List

How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay: Examples & Guide

A critical analysis essay is an academic paper that requires a thorough examination of theoretical concepts and ideas. It includes a comparison of facts, differentiation between evidence and argument, and identification of biases.

Our specialists will write a custom essay specially for you!

Crafting a good paper can be a daunting experience, but it will be much easier if you have the right approach. In this guide by our custom writing team, you will find:

  • Different types of critical analysis;
  • Best ways to structure your essay;
  • Two excellent critical analysis essay examples.
  • 📝 Critical Analysis Definition
  • ✍️ Writing Guide
  • ✅ Critical Analysis Types
  • 📑 Examples & Tips

📝 What Is a Critical Analysis?

Criticism is the process of appraising things such as works of art and literature. It comes from the word meaning “able to make judgments”. A critical analysis essay is often referred to as a critical thinking essay, critical response paper, critical evaluation essay, and summary and response essay.

When we hear the word “criticism,” we often associate it with negative judgments. However, to criticize doesn’t necessarily mean to find faults. Even though criticism involves active disagreement, it strives to understand the meaning further and evaluate its efficiency. We call it constructive criticism .

In other words, critical analysis is an evaluation of a piece of work that promotes its better understanding . Have a look at this comparison and see what critical analysis is and what it isn’t:

Aside from art and literature, critical analysis is often used in theoretical research, nursing, and social work. In any of these areas, you have an opportunity to exercise your critical faculties.

Just in 1 hour! We will write you a plagiarism-free paper in hardly more than 1 hour

Analysis in Writing: Definition & Examples

Analysis is a step you take before writing any paper. It’s aimed at evaluating and interpreting the sources. To do it, you break them down and study them in detail. You can learn more from this article on critical analysis by Southeastern Louisiana University .

In the following table, we’ve compiled several forms of analysis in writing and illustrated each type with a topic example:

What Is the Difference between Summary and Analysis?

Students often confuse analysis with summary and get a lower grade as a result. Here is how two notions differ. A summary is a brief restatement of the text’s main points that involves paraphrasing. An analysis is a detailed examination of the evidence that uncovers something new.

Check out this comparison to understand the difference better:

✍️ How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay

Now, we will show you the steps to writing a critical analysis with examples to guide you through this process. Keep in mind that the purpose of your critical analysis paper is to help readers understand a subject to a full extent.

Receive a plagiarism-free paper tailored to your instructions. Cut 20% off your first order!

The picture shows the 2 stages of critical analysis.

Critical analysis consists of two stages: critical reading and critical writing. Read on to learn more about them.

Critical Reading Examples & Definition

Critical reading a technique that involves discovering and evaluating the text’s meaning and incorporating it into what you already know. It’s the first stage of critical analysis.

According to Cleveland State University, critical reading occurs after you’ve skimmed the research material and decided where to focus your efforts. While you are reading, use the following techniques to stay on track:

  • Determine the central claim and identify how it is argued;
  • Look for the large patterns that give purpose, order, and meaning to arguments;
  • Contextualize the text within an original historical, political, or religious context;
  • Distinguish the kinds of reasoning and methodology the text employs;
  • Examine the evidence;
  • Recognize manipulations.

When it comes to recognizing manipulations, authors use three persuasive appeals to convince their readers of something: ethos , pathos , and logos .

Now, let’s apply the critical reading techniques to an actual text:

Get an originally-written paper according to your instructions!

The death estimates during the US invasions of Tokyo were exaggerated by a factor of ten to twenty. The wartime casualty estimates were based on inaccurate assumptions. The data was not updated to exclude the civilians’ deaths and justify the strategic decision to drop off an atomic bomb.

  • What is the text saying?  US bombs killed up to two million people.
  • What is the text doing?  The death estimates were exaggerated to downplay the casualties and emphasize the importance of dropping the atomic bomb.

When you are able to recognize these persuasive modes in your reading, you can master them in writing.

What Is Critical Writing: Definition & Techniques

Critical writing is a process of commenting on another piece of work using several writing strategies. It is the second stage of critical analysis.

Want to know how to write critically? Have a look at the following tips:

  • Take a critical stance: recognize that every text comes from a perspective and is subject to interpretation.
  • Pay close attention: look not only for the facts but also for explanations.
  • Think big picture : put your sources in context with the time it was written.
  • Bring yourself in: consider the connections between several texts and add your own perspective.

When it comes to the critical writing, certain strategies can be beneficial. Yet, others are better to avoid. We’ve compiled the most important dos and don’ts in the table below:

Want to learn more? Check out our article on critical writing .

Critical Analysis Essay Topics: How to Choose

Now that you’ve learned about critical analysis, there is a big question to answer: how do you choose the topic for your essay? It might require using a specific strategy to make the right choice.

Many students find it helpful to have a list of critical thinking questions to answer while brainstorming. We’ve prepared them for you:

  • Theme : How well does the author approach the central theme? Are the arguments strong enough?
  • Organization : Is this piece of work well-structured and easy to follow?
  • Audience : Who is the audience? Are there any manipulations the author is using to persuade the reader?
  • Tone : Is there a specific tone used by the author throughout their work? How does it affect the reader?
  • Bias and informational gaps : Does the author look at their work from several angles? Are there any contradicting arguments or missing information?
  • Word choice : Does the author invent new words? Is the vocabulary serious or silly, casual or technical? How does it affect the overall writing?
  • Logos : Does the author use logic to prove their point?
  • Ethos : Does the author have any proof of their credibility? Do they claim to be an expert? In what ways is the reader’s trust gained?
  • Pathos : Does the author use emotion to connect with the reader? Does the writing appeal to common beliefs and values?

Answering these questions will help you with deciding on critical thinking essay topics. If you want some additional inspiration, feel free to use our topic generator .

Critical Analysis Template

After carefully analyzing all of your sources, you can start writing your first draft using our critical analysis template. Use this outline to structure your essay and to ensure your arguments are related to your thesis.

The picture shows the main parts of a critical analysis essay.

How to Start a Critical Analysis Essay

To create an outstanding opening paragraph, you may want to start it with a hook. It can be a quote from your source or a rhetorical question. Be sure to make it catchy so that it will grab your reader’s attention.

After you’re done with the hook, write the following:

  • the work’s title and some background information,
  • an outline of the main ideas from your sources,
  • your thesis statement.

Here are two introduction examples for your inspiration:

What happens when there is a considerable wage gap between the upper and middle classes? The unsurprising reality forces poor people to use credit cards to pay off their debt. Credit card industries collect interest from those who can’t pay off their debt right away.

A romantic novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen is about overcoming social stereotypes in the name of love. Its main character, Elizabeth Bennet, has to fight against her discrimination against wealthy men like Mr. Darcy to find love and be happy.

Critical Analysis Essay: Thesis

A thesis statement is what you are aiming to prove. Ideally, it should be the first thing you write because every other part of your critical analysis paper will be connected to it.

To create a strong thesis statement, you want to start with a broader idea of what you would like to critique. Then, you narrow it down. Choose a debatable thesis so you can back it up with evidence from your sources and anchor your entire paper around it.

The examples below will help you write your essay’s thesis:

People in positions of power are less likely to recognize the social injustice than marginalized groups of the civilian population.

In a 1989 American superhero film Batman, Tim Burton subverts the concept of heroism by refraining Batman from murder and making him morally ambiguous.

Critical Analysis Essays: Summary and Response

The body paragraphs of a critical essay consist of your source’s summary and a response with arguments.

The picture shows the 2 stages of analyzing sources for a critical essay.

A summary should present specific facts from your source to help your reader understand your arguments better. You can use these sentence starters to structure a summary:

  • The book is about…
  • The theme of the article is…
  • The author argues that…
  • The author concludes…
  • The main character is…
  • The main points are…

The main plot of Elizabeth Bennet’s plan to save her family from poverty intersects with stereotypes that romantic love and marriage don’t go together. She does not accept a marriage proposal from Mr. Darcy because she does not want to be walking proof that women marry for money. The rejected proposal leads Darcy to open up and change Elizabeth’s perception of him.

A response should present your main arguments that support your thesis statement. Each argument is a sub-thesis that connects to your central thesis. It’s crucial to discuss each point in detail and prove it with strong evidence.

Your arguments should be:

  • clear, informative, and persuasive;
  • well-researched and backed up with solid evidence;
  • connected to your thesis.

At first, Elizabeth Bennet sees Mr. Darcy only as a powerful man with wealth and high social status. For her, he represents a marriage of convenience that she is so desperately trying to fight against. After Mr. Darcy attempts to separate Jane and Bingley, Elizabeth gets proof for her ideas about powerful men who do everything in their power to destroy a loving relationship for a better financial suit.

Critical Essay Outline: Conclusion

The final stage of essay writing is to ensure you have proven your arguments. The goal of your conclusion is to remind the reader of your thesis and the essay’s main points. You may also want to leave them with some final statements for consideration.

Keep in mind that the concluding paragraph is not a place to introduce new evidence. Instead, you can do the following:

  • Restate your thesis;
  • Summarize your main ideas;
  • Talk about the work’s overall performance or outcome;
  • Identify potential opportunities for further research or investigation.

Elizabeth Bennet struggles with the societal association of marriage with financial stability. Eventually, she marries a rich man, Mr. Darcy, but she marries him for love rather than his money and social status. Her pride and prejudice towards him were destroyed by his acts of kindness and true love. Their relationship had a rough start, but both of them could get their happy ending by breaking out of old beliefs and habits.

✅ Types of Critical Analysis

Choosing the correct type of analysis will help you stay on track with your research objectives. It will give you the anchor to develop your essay around in a systematic manner.

Critical analysis can be categorized into 4 main types:

  • Literary analysis gives a critical evaluation of a literary text.
  • Article analysis reflects upon arguments presented in an article.
  • Media analysis essay interprets messages conveyed through visual media, music, or radio.
  • Cultural analysis interprets cultural phenomena and practices.

Literary Analysis: Definition & Characteristics

Literary analysis is an argument that expresses one’s critical evaluation of a poem, novel, short story, or play. A critique of literature has the same characteristics as other types of critical essays. The difference is the kind of information you can include in this type of essay.

Here’s how to analyze literature:

You will find more interesting info in our article on literary analysis essays .

How to Write an Analysis of an Article

Critical analysis of an article aims to analyze the writing strategies and techniques an author uses to develop their argument. The process is a little different than persuading the reader to accept a particular point of view. Here is a sample outline:

Critical Film Analysis: Types & How to Write

Film analysis goes beyond the plot structure and includes composition elements such as camera work, lighting, costume choices, etc. After watching the film at least twice, you can select what type of film analysis you will be performing. Check out the types and see what they’re about:

  • Semiotic analysis involves interpretation of signs and symbols within a film.
  • Narrative analysis examines the story the film seeks to tell.
  • Historical analysis is an examination of a film’s relationship to a cultural or historical context.
  • Mise-en-scène analysis is an analysis of compositional elements used in a scene or a single shot.

Once you’ve chosen a topic, use this outline to guide you through the writing process:

You can learn more from our article on film analysis .

How to Write a Cultural Analysis Essay

Critical analysis essay refers to your comment upon one specific cultural aspect that works or doesn’t work in a society. After you’ve chosen a topic for your cultural analysis paper, you can start drafting your outline. Here is how the structure of this kind of paper differs from others:

Critical Analysis Essay Topics

  • Critical analysis of qualitative research article. 
  • Rhetorical analysis of articles on qualitative studies in healthcare.  
  • American Exodus by James N. Gregory: Rhetorical Analysis. 
  • Critical analysis of religion and faith .  
  • Analyze the sonnet My Mistress’ Eyes by W. Shakespeare .  
  • Critical essay on issues of cognitive neuroscience.  
  • A Doll House as an example of feminist literature: rhetorical analysis.  
  • Conduct a comparative critical analysis of Judaism and Christianity.  
  • Rhetorical analysis of an Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf .  
  • Semantic meaning of The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath .  
  • Critical evaluation of Seligman articles.  
  • Analyze psychological literature based on A Clean, Well-Lighted Place by E. Hemingway.  
  • Rhetorical analysis of literary devices and expressive means in A Good Man Is Hard to Find .  
  • Analyze the characteristic features of drama using the example of Death of a Salesman .  
  • Critical analysis of the most popular business strategies .  
  • Discuss the problem of childhood obesity in Active Living by Van Kann.  
  • Analyze IT strategies and planning.  
  • Critical analysis of a controversial art using the example of Home by Yann Arthus-Bertrand.  
  • Emotional impact of comedy films.  
  • Rhetorical analysis of Sophocles’ Antigone as an example of Greek drama.  
  • Influence of Socrate’s philosophy on the ancient Greek playwrights.  
  • Critical analysis of Sophocles’ plays.  
  • Different sets of values in Everyday Use by A. Walker .  
  • Analysis of corporate crimes using the example of Lehman Brothers’ scandal.  
  • Critical analysis of a scientific article based on Nursing Pain Management .  
  • Different interpretations of A Good Man Is Hard to Find by Flannery O’Connor. 
  • Critical analysis of Longinus’ idea of sublime .  
  • The importance of a teacher’s role in Freedom Writers .  
  • Critical analysis of the efficiency of CBT. 
  • Rhetorical analysis of an article on a proactive care program.  
  • The concept of emotional intelligence : critical analysis.  
  • Evaluate implementation of Windsome’s risk management strategy to enhance the company’s response to stress.  
  • The importance of symbolism in Truman Capote’s Breakfast at Tiffany’s .  
  • Critical analysis of Thomas Paine’s pamphlets.  
  • Rhetorical techniques used in Hamlet by W. Shakespeare .  
  • In-depth analysis of the modern world’s social issues in The Handmaid’s Tale . 
  • Social messages in Robinson’s and Kincaid’s stories.  
  • Analysis of rhetorical strategies used in Dwellings by Linda Hogan.  
  • Critical analysis of issues elucidated in A Loss for Words by J. Thurman.  
  • Discuss the problems of alienation and perception in The Things They Carried . 

📑 Critical Analysis Essay Examples & Bonus Tips

The following writing tips will help you understand how to apply your critical thinking skills in practice and write an excellent critical essay on your own.

Critical Essay Format & Free Samples

Looking for some tips on how to format your paper? This section reflects the latest guidelines for citing your sources with the latest APA 7th and MLA 9th publication manuals.

Before you dive into writing your critical analysis paper, get inspired with some compelling essay examples. The first is a film analysis example. You can download the PDF file below:

The Birds  by Alfred Hitchcock is a thriller that derives its suspense from the violence which stands on the borderline with divine retribution. The birds of the film are the symbol of the said violence and primary actors that contribute to the semiotic revelations of the film.

The following critical analysis essay is concerned with a literary work. You can download it below:

Feminism has been influential in various aspects of society for many decades. With the beginning of women’s emancipation, humanity has progressed not only in political and social life but also in science, culture, and literary studies. A feminist standpoint in literature research points to the limited portrayal of the characters in literary works, which showed the world mainly from a patriarchal perspective.

Here’s the list of critical analysis essay examples. You can check them out to get a better understanding of critical analysis and to gain some inspiration.

  • Managing Business Risks: A Critical Analysis
  • A Critical Analysis of a Research Study Conducted to Establish the Quality of Pain Management
  • Nursing Skills for Palliative Care: A Critical Analysis
  • Critical Analysis of Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research
  • Nighthawks by Edward Hopper: Critical Analysis
  • Roosevelt and Obama: Critical Analysis of Two Speeches
  • “The Love of My Life” by T. C. Boyle Critical Analysis
  • Nursing Education-Practice Gap: Critical Analysis
  • Affordable Care Act: A Critical Analysis
  • Mother Tongue by Amy Tan: Critical Analysis

Bonus Tips: Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is the process of conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information. It is about careful reasoning directed to a goal. The main components of this process include observing, wondering, imagining, experimenting, judging, and deciding.

This type of thinking is instrumental in conducting a critical analysis. To succeed at it, you need to be attentive, confident, and open-minded. Below are some questions that you can ask yourself while thinking critically:

  • Why are you being told this?
  • What are you not being told?
  • Who is telling you this?
  • How reliable is this information?
  • Are there any manipulations involved?
  • How else can you analyze the same material?

Critical thinking is a skill that develops with time and effort. However, you may encounter barriers that can prevent you from making accurate judgments. The following tips will help you overcome them:

  • Step back from your personal feelings and biases
  • Look for different ways to examine the data
  • Check your sources for reliability
  • Do your best to detect manipulations in arguments
  • Always conceptualize what you are reading
  • Challenge your worldview

Want to learn more? Feel free to check out our article on critical thinking essays .

Now you know everything necessary to write a perfect critical analysis essay. Feel free to share this article or leave a comment!

Further reading

  • How to Write a Critique Paper: Tips + Critique Essay Examples
  • How to Write an Art Critique: Examples & Strategies
  • How to Write an Analysis Essay: Examples + Writing Guide
  • How to Write a Book Review: Format, Outline, & Example
  • How to Write a Rhetorical Analysis Essay: Outline, Steps, & Examples

❓ Critical Analysis Essay FAQs

When analyzing any literary text, it is essential to evaluate the work and use the theme to support your opinion. The response’s goal is to show the reader what the selection of the source and the theme means to you personally.

The purpose of a response to a literature essay is to inform your reader about something interesting and insightful you found in a literary work. It may focus on the characters, plot, or theme of the story.

In a critical essay, choose the formal language and avoid using “I” statements. Focus on the piece you are analyzing, its strengths, and weaknesses. Using the first-person singular will take away the reader’s attention from your argument to you.

A critical source is a source that interprets, analyzes, critiques, and adds to the discussion of the primary source. It is then integrated into critical writing. The best critical sources can be found through library catalogs and scholarly databases.

🔍 References

  • Critical Analysis: University of Wollongong
  • Some Suggestions on Critically Evaluating Your Reading in History: Carleton College
  • Criticism and Critical Analysis: Kansas State University
  • Resources for Writers: Analytical Writing: Drew University
  • Critical Thinking and Writing: University of Kent
  • Writing Critical Essays about Literature: Gallaudet University
  • Film Analysis: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Cultural Critique: Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
  • Writing a Critical or Rhetorical Analysis: Bellevue College
  • Writing Critical Analysis Papers: University of Washington
  • Critical Analysis Template: Thompson Rivers University
  • Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays: Colorado State University
  • Rhetorical/Critical Analysis: Houston Community College
  • Writing Critical Reviews: Queen’s University
  • General APA Guidelines: Purdue University
  • Using MLA Format:
  • Share to Facebook
  • Share to Twitter
  • Share to LinkedIn
  • Share to email

How to Write a Process Analysis Essay: Examples & Outline

Process analysis is an explanation of how something works or happens. Want to know more? Read the following article prepared by our custom writing specialists and learn about: process analysis and its typesa process analysis outline tipsfree examples and other tips that might be helpful for your college assignment So,...

How to Write a Visual Analysis Essay: Examples & Template

A visual analysis essay is an academic paper type that history and art students often deal with. It consists of a detailed description of an image or object. It can also include an interpretation or an argument that is supported by visual evidence. In this article, our custom writing experts...

How to Write a Reflection Paper: Example & Tips

Want to know how to write a reflection paper for college or school? To do that, you need to connect your personal experiences with theoretical knowledge. Usually, students are asked to reflect on a documentary, a text, or their experience. Sometimes one needs to write a paper about a lesson...

How to Write a Character Analysis Essay: Examples & Outline

A character analysis is an examination of the personalities and actions of protagonists and antagonists that make up a story. It discusses their role in the story, evaluates their traits, and looks at their conflicts and experiences. You might need to write this assignment in school or college. Like any...

How to Analyze a Poem in an Essay

Any literary analysis is a challenging task since literature includes many elements that can be interpreted differently. However, a stylistic analysis of all the figurative language the poets use may seem even harder. You may never realize what the author actually meant and how to comment on it! While analyzing...

Argumentative vs. Persuasive Essays: What’s the Difference?

The difference between an argumentative and persuasive essay isn’t always clear. If you’re struggling with either style for your next assignment, don’t worry. The following will clarify everything you need to know so you can write with confidence. First, we define the primary objectives of argumentative vs. persuasive writing. We...

How to Write a Cause & Effect Essay: Examples, Outline, & Tips

You don’t need to be a nerd to understand the general idea behind cause and effect essays. Let’s see! If you skip a meal, you get hungry. And if you write an essay about it, your goal is achieved! However, following multiple rules of academic writing can be a tough...

How to Write an Argumentative Essay: 101 Guide [+ Examples]

An argumentative essay is a genre of academic writing that investigates different sides of a particular issue. Its central purpose is to inform the readers rather than expressively persuade them. Thus, it is crucial to differentiate between argumentative and persuasive essays. While composing an argumentative essay, the students have to...

How to Title an Essay: Guide with Creative Examples [2024]

It’s not a secret that the reader notices an essay title first. No catchy hook or colorful examples attract more attention from a quick glance. Composing a creative title for your essay is essential if you strive to succeed, as it: Thus, how you name your paper is of the...

How to Write a Conclusion for an Essay: 101 Guide & Examples

The conclusion is the last paragraph in your paper that draws the ideas and reasoning together. However, its purpose does not end there. A definite essay conclusion accomplishes several goals: Therefore, a conclusion usually consists of: Our experts prepared this guide, where you will find great tips on how to...

How to Write a Good Introduction: Examples & Tips [2024 Upd.]

A five-paragraph essay is one of the most common academic assignments a student may face. It has a well-defined structure: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Writing an introduction can be the most challenging part of the entire piece. It aims to introduce the main ideas and present...

How to Write an Exemplification Essay: Topics, Examples, & Outline

Exemplification essays, also called illustration essays, are one of the easiest papers to write. However, even the simplest tasks require experience and practice. It is a good idea to find and analyze free exemplification essay examples. You can also ask your teacher to give you some sample exemplification essays from...

Academic genres: the Critical Response

  • RMIT University
  • Aviation English
  • English for Academic Purposes
  • Foundation Studies
  • IELTS One Skill Retake
  • Grammar Fundamentals
  • English to Foundation Studies Pathway Bursary
  • What makes us different?
  • Melbourne for international students
  • New Students
  • Student Services
  • Academic Support
  • Activities and Events
  • Reaching out support
  • Team and Board
  • Policies and procedures
  • Publication services
  • General enquiries

What is a Critical Response?

  • a type of writing task, requiring different sections depending on the task requirements
  • it may be a ‘response’ to a concept, or an article, or more than one article
  • at REW, it requires only two sections: Summary and Discussion

Why is it useful?

  • It requires the highly valued academic skills of summarising and critical thought.
  • It requires the ability to develop a clear and logical ‘academic argument’, which is extremely important for university and beyond.
  • It is a relatively flexible genre, which is both challenging and useful for international students in terms of preparing them for university.

What does my summary need?

A summary can be written in different ways, but ultimately it should:

  • give the most important content from a text (whether listening or reading)
  • have different wording (i.e. no language copied from the original)
  • be significantly shorter than the original

What does my discussion section need?

In each discussion paragraph, you should:

  • give one paraphrased idea from the original article/s
  • show your 'response' (whether you agree / disagree / partially agree)
  • develop your response with more detail

Let's look at some strategies for writing both of these sections. 

How do I summarise?

There are many ways to approach this process, but here’s one of the most effective ways: 1. Find the main ideas  in your article/s.How do you do this? Look for the following:

  • ‘strong’ language, usually shown by adjectives or adverbs (e.g. the most significant / the main reason / terrible / amazing / the best / the worst )
  • powerful grammatical structures e.g. short strong simple sentences or sentences that show emphasis (‘It is for this reason that X is important.’ /  ‘What makes this significant is...’ / ‘Most importantly, this means...’)
  • questions (these sometimes introduce main points, especially if they are at the beginning of a paragraph)
  • cause / effect language

  2. Paraphrase  the main ideas.

The easiest way to do this is by annotating. This means changing the words of the original (and may also include changing word forms and word order of words from the article) and then writing your paraphrases in note form beside the text. Why is this the easiest way? Because then you can copy directly from your notes without worrying about plagiarism.


That’s fine, but don’t expect to pass exams or university courses! 3.   Organise  your ideas then  start writing . Do a quick plan from your notes to make sure you:

  • include important points
  • paraphrase everything
  • have a logical order
  • can see where main points can be connected 

Here's an example of a plan:

Not so clever country?

  • higher taxes are paid
  • communities benefit because more jobs and more active economy
  • ability to think critically
  • specialist skills
  • less burden on health care system
  • less likely to commit crimes

Ideas from article 'Not so clever country?' in RMIT English Worldwide Advanced Passport book

Now you're ready to write! Remember to first put your heading: Summary.    Your first sentence should include: 

  • the author’s full name (or authors' names if you have two or more)
  • the title of the article/s
  • the year of the article/s
  • the overall topic of the article/s (or their overall position/s)

 Then, connect all of the main points together using: 

  • your own words (avoid copying anything from the original article)
  • linking words e.g. First / The author adds that / Thirdly, / Her last point is ...   *use the author's family name after the first sentence
  • referents e.g. this / it / the / which
  • a range of reporting verbs (e.g. claims / states / believes / argues / points out / thinks)
  • different sentence structures (simple, compound, complex – if you don’t know how to do this, watch  this video )
  • academic vocabulary including appropriate  collocations

Let's look at an example of a single summary. Note the reporting verbs (in yellow) are in present tense. Even if some of your main points have different verb tenses, you should always keep reporting verbs in present simple. 

Summary In the article 'Not so clever country?', Marion Jacobs (2010) argues that cuts to funding for universities have a negative impact. She believes  that universities should be supported because of the economic and societal benefits they provide. The economic advantages she explains include more taxes from graduates and extra jobs and income for local communities. Lastly, Jacobs claims that benefits for society include not only graduates' ability to think critically and their specialist skills, but also that they are less of a burden on the health care system and are less likely to commit crimes.  (95 words)

What if I need to talk about two articles?

Then you can either summarise them separately or together – use the one you prefer or the most suitable according to the number of main points in the articles. If you put the summaries together, you will have contrasting language between the different articles’ main ideas e.g. while / whereas / but / however. If you do two separate summaries, you will only need one contrast linking word in the first sentence of second article’s summary. You can see all these concepts highlighted below in the example of two summaries:

Two summaries together

In the articles ‘How much English is enough’ (2011) by Jane Cuthbert and ‘Globish? It just doesn’t make sense’ (2014) by Peter Jackson , Globish, a simplified version of English, is discussed. While Cuthbert argues that Globish is a useful development in English language teaching, Jackson thinks that it is idealistic and will not work in reality.  He believes that the lack of grammar in Globish can cause misunderstandings, whereas Cuthbert states that Globish does not focus on accuracy and is therefore easier to teach or study independently.  In addition , she claims that being independent of culture and limited in vocabulary size are benefits of Globish; however, Jackson feels that it is impossible for language to be separated from culture, as well as the fact that Globish’s limited vocabulary may not be enough for business or deeper levels of communication.

(139 words)

Two separate summaries

In the article ‘How much English is enough?’, Jane Cuthbert (2011) discusses the advantages of Globish, while in the article ‘Globish – it just doesn’t make sense” (2014), Peter Jackson considers its limitations.  Cuthbert (2011) argues that the reduction in vocabulary size and grammar promotes confidence and that 1500 words is sufficient for communicative purposes. In addition , she believes that there is no culture in Globish, which makes it more accessible for students. Finally , the author states that Globish is not only easier to teach than English, but also more useful in terms of developing learner independence.   However, Jackson (2014) argues against Globish. He believes that its simplicity does not mean it is easier to use, because it could lead to communication problems and is not suitable for certain contexts. The writer also argues that the vocabulary range is too small and that culture cannot be separated from language.

(148 words)

Summary - two ways (based on material in the RMIT English Worldwide Advanced Passport book)

What do the colours highlight? 

  • blue : author's name or referents
  • green : linking phrases expressing contrast
  • yellow : other linking phrases

It’s important that these are all varied. Why? Because this shows that you can: 

  • control a range of grammatical structures
  • create cohesion (i.e. your sentences flow – like a river!)
  • use a range of academic and less common vocabulary (including collocations) accurately and appropriately
  • follow academic convention (do things how they want you to at uni)

Note: style variations are possible. For example, if you do summaries separately, you may still like to introduce both authors and articles in the first sentence (like if you put them together) and then do them separately after the first sentence. 

What about the discussion section?

I’m glad you asked! This is where you put your own ideas in response to the author’s ideas. Depending on your task requirements, you may need two, three, or even four discussion paragraphs in this section. Each one will show your response and support for your response to an idea from the original article.

What is support?

It’s any extra information that makes your ideas more clear. For example, you might use a reason or two, an example or two, a fact or statistic, or an explanation of a situation to make your response more credible (logical and believable). In reality, you’ll probably mix a few of these together. In the end, what matters is that someone should be able to read what you’ve written and then clearly understand why you’re supporting or criticising what the author has said.


Actually, you can. In fact, you should! The entire academic world in our context is based on shared knowledge, so we all have a responsibility to think carefully about anything we’re told, compare it with what we know, find out more about it, and develop an informed perspective on it  that we can support with logical reasoning and evidence . If you don’t do this, you are not meeting the expectations of the academic community. 

How can I write a discussion paragraph?

There are many ways, but here’s a good way to try. 1. Choose  an idea from the original article. ​ 2. Think  about it. What do you know about it? Do you agree or disagree? Partially agree? Why? This is your response and it needs to be very clear throughout the paragraph. 3. Plan  the explanation of your response by thinking of ways to support it. To do this, imagine someone doesn’t believe you and keeps asking you ‘Why do you think that?’  or ‘Why does that matter?’. That way you will explain your response and support it with enough detail. Try to think of one or more of the following:  

  • explanation
  • facts / statistics if you can remember them

Exactly like in your summary, use:

  • cohesive devices
  • different sentence structures 
  • academic vocabulary including appropriate collocations

There’s one more step that we haven’t looked at yet... Can you guess what it is? 5. Edit  what you’ve written! This means re-reading your writing, looking for mistakes and checking that what you said makes sense. This is vital for two main reasons:

  • to ensure that your final text is accurate (in a perfect world, with no mistakes!)
  • to improve your ability to check your own writing

What mistakes should you look for? Check:

  • subject verb agreement
  • nouns – are they countable? Should they be singular or plural? Do you need an article?
  • verb tenses – are they the right ones?
  • linking words + grammar – did you write a clause (subject + verb...) after linking words like ‘because’? Did you write nouns or verb-ing after linking propositions like ‘due to’ and ‘because of’?
  • cohesion – did you use words like ‘this’, ‘it’, ‘the’, and ‘which’ to refer to other things in the paragraph?
  • sentence structure: e.g. do you have one subject and one main verb in each clause? 

Let’s look at three already edited examples with three different responses. Find the paragraph that:

  • supports the author’s idea
  • partially agrees with the author’s idea
  • disagrees with the author’s idea

paragraph edits

Here are some questions to help check if you understand the paragraph structure:

  • What is the red section in each paragraph?
  • What’s the yellow?
  • What’s the green?
  • What are the underlined words/phrases?

See if you were right: Answers

  • the author’s idea
  • my response language
  • support for my response
  • linking devices (i.e. things that create cohesion)

When you write your discussion paragraph, you might use language like this to make your response clear. Which ones are used in the example above? 

discussion paragraph

Why is there no conclusion in these critical responses? It's because they're not a necessary requirement of a critical response task at RMIT Training, although it's ok if you want to write a conclusion once you're sure you have a clear summary and discussion section. In other places around the world, you may always need to do a conclusion. This is why we need to check every time what the task requirements are!  Because it's so important to check your own writing, try these ideas if you're not confident about editing:

  • watch the  sentence structure video  on this blog
  • try  Tense Buster  at the RMIT Learning Lab
  • download a grammar app 
  • buy a grammar or academic writing book (see your teacher or a Study Support Teacher for suggestions)
  • ask someone like a Study Support Teacher for help 

After you've tried these steps, show someone your writing and get their feedback. With a summary, someone must be able to understand the main ideas without seeing the original text, and showing another person is a good way to check this. If they ask questions about what you wrote, you might need to re-write it more clearly.  It also helps if you read other people’s writing. Everyone has their own personal writing style, and being exposed to these is helpful for you in terms of developing your style. What are you waiting for? Get started writing the best critical response you've ever written.

  • Independent Learning Skills
  • Learn English
  • Foundation studies

Related articles


RMIT Training is a 2022 Circle Back Initiative Employer – we commit to respond to every applicant

RMIT Training is proud to announce that in 2022, we have joined the Circle Back Initiative to show our commitment to ensure every candidate who applies for a role in our company receives an outcome response. 


RMIT English Worldwide announces partnership with COLFUTURO

RMIT Training is thrilled to announce that RMIT English Worldwide (REW) has signed an ELICOS agreement with the prestigious Colombian scholarship body COLFUTURO (the Foundation for the Future of Colombia).

essay for critical response

Jake Heinrich appointed Chief Executive Officer of RMIT Training

Experienced international education leader, Jake Heinrich has been appointed Chief Executive Officer of RMIT Training. Heinrich brings extensive experience in the global education sector including more than 25 years of working across Asia, Mexico and Australia.

aboriginal flag

Acknowledgement of Country

RMIT University acknowledges the people of the Woi wurrung and Boon wurrung language groups of the eastern Kulin Nation on whose unceded lands we conduct the business of the University. RMIT University respectfully acknowledges their Ancestors and Elders, past and present. RMIT also acknowledges the Traditional Custodians and their Ancestors of the lands and waters across Australia where we conduct our business - Artwork 'Luwaytini' by Mark Cleaver, Palawa.

  • New students
  • Student Wellbeing
  • RMIT Training Team and Board
  • WGEA Pay Gap Employer Statement
  • Copyright © 2024 RMIT University |
  • Accessibility |
  • Website feedback |
  • Complaints |
  • RMIT University ABN 49 781 030 034 |
  • RMIT Training ABN 61 006 067 349 |
  • RMIT University CRICOS provider number: 00122A |
  • RMIT Training CRICOS provider number: 01912G |
  • Phone: +61 3 9657 5800 |
  • Address: 235-251 Bourke Street Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia

Library homepage

  • school Campus Bookshelves
  • menu_book Bookshelves
  • perm_media Learning Objects
  • login Login
  • how_to_reg Request Instructor Account
  • hub Instructor Commons
  • Download Page (PDF)
  • Download Full Book (PDF)
  • Periodic Table
  • Physics Constants
  • Scientific Calculator
  • Reference & Cite
  • Tools expand_more
  • Readability

selected template will load here

This action is not available.

Humanities LibreTexts

12.9: Essay Type - Literary Response

  • Last updated
  • Save as PDF
  • Page ID 40509

  • Heather Ringo & Athena Kashyap
  • City College of San Francisco via ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative

The Response Essay

The response essay is likely the most informal type of literary analysis essay students will encounter in a literature course. This essay simply asks the student to read the assigned text(s) and respond to said text(s). There are several purposes in writing such an essay. This kind of essay:

  • helps students better understand the reading through informal analysis
  • enables students to practice close-reading in a low-stakes, informal, and more comfortable way
  • prepares students for writing a more formal essay by recording their initial impressions of a text

book, pen, and journal full of reading notes

"Fernando Pessoa" by Jennifer Fred Merchán , 2006. CC BY-SA 2.0

Usually, the requirements for such an essay are more open-ended than what is expected on more formal essay assignments. For example, students are often allowed to use first-person "I" and colloquial (that is, spoken rather than academic) language. A thesis statement and formal organization are also usually not required.

What is always required is a willingness to ask questions and engage with the text. The following are some questions students might respond to when writing a response essay:

  • First impressions: When reading the title and first lines, what impression did you get from the text? How did this impression change as you read the rest of the story or poem? What might the title indicate about the story or poem?
  • Characters: What kind of character is the main character of the story or poem? Are they likable? Trustworthy? Why? Which character do you like or relate to the most, and why? Which character do you dislike the most, and why? What kinds of characters ( dynamic, round, flat, static ) are featured in this story?
  • Tone: How would you describe the tone of the story? What words, phrases, images, or snippets of dialogue indicate this tone?
  • Figurative language: What figurative language or literary devices do you notice? Why do you think certain images appear? What kinds of patterns of language do you notice, and what significance might these patterns or literary devices have on the story or poem?

In addition to these basic literary analysis questions, some helpful tips for writing this kind of essay:

  • Take notes as you read. Use highlighters to mark quotations or passages that jump out at you, along with post-it notes or page clips to mark those pages so you can find them again when writing the essay. Don't be afraid to write notes in the margins of the book. If you must sell back the book to the bookstore, or don't want to mark the book for other reasons, you can use post-it notes to write your responses. Essentially, effective note-taking is like having a conversation with the text.
  • Keep a document or journal open to record your ideas as you read. For example, refer to the image at the top of this page. This way, you can begin responding to the text as you read it, making efficient use of your time. You can then simply develop your reading notes in the essay.
  • Cite passages to support your analyses. Like in an argumentative or persuasive essay, be ready to drop quotations or paraphrase into the essay to support your analysis and show those reading your essay examples of what you are talking about. Be ready to provide page or line numbers to cite the source. For example, if you say Hamlet (the main character of Hamlet by William Shakespeare) comes across as whiny and egotistical, be prepared to quote or paraphrase the play and point readers to the act, scene, and line numbers which show your point.

Example Student Response Essay Prompt

By the end of this assignment, students will be able to engage with a work of literature through analysis and response. They will be able to define and locate examples of at least three basic literary devices within a single literary text.

Audience: instructor & classmates

Purpose: practice analyzing literature in a less formal environment

Content: literary analysis & response, practice for the upcoming literary analysis essay

Students will choose one work of literature to analyze (that is, pick apart, zooming in, and looking closely at the literary devices and narrative elements of the story). Students may choose any of the stories we have read so far in class. As you read the story, respond to anything interesting in the text you notice.

  • Focus on one story
  • Identify & analyze at least three literary devices such as character, plot, setting, metaphor, and so forth
  • Use either objective third-person or first-person “I”
  • Present tense verbs, informal tone
  • Quote & paraphrase the text using MLA Works Cited + In-Text citation
  • Do not to bring in any secondary sources yet: this should be your personal observations and analysis of the text. Avoid using Shmoop, Cliffnotes, or any other plot summary websites. These will tarnish your reading process. I am interested in YOUR thoughts, not Shmoop’s
  • Avoid plot summary, unless used briefly to contextualize analysis. I know what happens in the stories. This is NOT a “summarize the story in your own words” exercise, but a “what patterns or interesting devices did you notice? What stuck out to you? Why do you think the author made the choices they did? In what ways does the story’s form reflect its content?” exercise.


  • Campus Library Info.
  • ARC Homepage
  • Library Resources
  • Articles & Databases
  • Books & Ebooks

Baker College Research Guides

  • Research Guides
  • General Education

COM 1010: Composition and Critical Thinking I

What is a response.

  • The Writing Process
  • Understanding Genre and Genre Analysis
  • Essay Organization Help
  • Understanding Memoir
  • What is a Book Cover (Not an Infographic)?
  • Understanding PowerPoint and Presentations
  • Understanding Summary
  • Structuring Sides of a Topic
  • Locating Sources
  • What is an Annotated Bibliography?
  • What is a Peer Review?
  • Understanding Images
  • What is Literacy?
  • What is an Autobiography?
  • Shifting Genres

Being able to read a source closely, analyze its content, and write a response is a common assignment throughout your college career. 

A critical response essay (or interpretive essay or review) has two missions:

  • To summarize a source’s main idea
  • And to respond to the source’s main ideas with reactions based on your synthesis

But...what is a response?

Response is, basically, your reaction to what you read, meaning it too relies on focused, purposeful construction. This isn’t simply a matter of “liking/not liking” or “agreeing/disagreeing” what you read.  These responses are required to include more than your personal preference. They will also include an assessment of how the essay’s design and strategies influence its overall goals.

A response is a critique or evaluation of the author's essay. Unlike the summary, it is composed of YOUR opinions in relation to the article being summarized. It examines ideas that you agree or disagree with and identifies the essay's strengths and weaknesses in reasoning and logic, in quality of supporting examples, and in organization and style. A good response is persuasive; therefore, it should cite facts, examples, and personal experience that either refutes or supports the article you're responding to, depending on your stance.

Writing the Response

For your response to a reading, you will need to move  beyond  these initial feelings and develop a  critical  response.  You will want to practice creating  meaning from the source rather than simply reading the material.  

Ultimately in your college career, you will be asked to devise your own paper topics and make original academic arguments rather than responding to specific questions.  The response paper will help you begin to see how to focus on and assess the types of issues that most interest you. 

For your response, you will choose to respond to a specific point or points made by the author; the response must be critical, not simply a summary or a description of your personal feelings about the reading.  You may choose to point out contradictions in the reading, you may assess the strengths and weaknesses of an argument in the reading, etc—there are a number of possible approaches.  Try to move beyond simply disagreeing or agreeing with arguments in the text.  

  • Why do you disagree?  
  • If you agree, why? 
  • Is your point of view (argument) slightly different? How so? 

Good To Know

The following resources will help you to compose an effective response:

Writing a Summary and Response - Chapter Four (pages 71-76)

  • << Previous: Understanding Summary
  • Next: What is Research? >>
  • Last Updated: Feb 23, 2024 2:08 PM
  • URL:
  • Search this Guide Search


  • order now ✕
  • How It Works
  • Discount Program
  • Additional Services
  • Free Essays
  • Affiliate Program

Submit a Good-Looking Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay is a typical assignment used by teachers to evaluate students` level of expertise on a given topic. When you have to complete such an assignment, you have to provide an in-depth analysis of a certain piece (article, movie, etc.) making your opinion based on your knowledge, as well as solid evidence.

Composing a critical response essay may be quite daunting for students, especially if they lack relevant writing experience. Yet, you have to know that by choosing the right approach, you will be able to cope with this task successfully. Thus, we strongly recommend you read our practical guide and boost your writing talent. We will not only give a clear answer to the question: “What is a critical response essay?” but also provide you with a step-by-step guide that will facilitate the writing process.

Get a Price Quote

What is a critical response essay.

Before you learn how to write a critical response essay, you need to find out what makes this paper different from other pieces of academic writing.

essay for critical response

Such an assignment is an examination of the particular piece without direct reference to personal values, biases, and beliefs. Thus, this task does not allow using personal pronouns. When writing this paper, you have to be maximally objective and neutral supporting all the arguments with appropriate evidence.

The primary goals of a critical response essay assignment are to get the students familiarized with the assignment, formulate their personal opinion, reveal the problem of the piece being investigated, as well as learn how to back up their words with solid evidence. A critical response essay is different from other types of response papers since it requires students to provide reasonable evidence when suggesting their judgments.


Learn How to Write a Critical Response Essay!

Writing a critical response essay can be rather challenging as you need to suggest important subject-related claims to the audience. If you are a beginner, you need to look for some samples available online. By learning how to write and format a critical response paper, you will polish your writing skills. Yet, you have to consider that only an authentic paper written in accordance with the professor`s instructions will bring you the best grade. Your essay ought to present a clear viewpoint and help the target audience understand what you think about the piece being analyzed. Now, let us help you find out the main steps of the writing process.

Step 1. Read the piece thoroughly

The first step of writing a critical response essay is thorough reading. When reading the piece for the first time, you need to identify the author`s thesis, as well as all the messages the author was trying to convey. Also, you need to pay attention to details, assumptions, and biases, if there are any. To write a decent response, you need to understand the author`s viewpoint.

Step 2. Summarize the piece

Your paper is to include a summary of the piece. To familiarize your reader with the main aspects of the work, you need to review the main arguments and premises provided by the author. At the same time, you ought not to make this part too long as your paper is to analyze the work instead of summarizing it.

Step 3. Formulate a strong thesis statement

After you have studied the work, you need to write a central idea of your paper, which is called a thesis statement. Your thesis is to make a claim about the author`s writing style and the ideas he or she conveyed. Also, it has to present a perspective that you will support with appropriate evidence. In other words, a thesis statement is a claim that is the basis of the whole essay.

Step 4. Collect the evidence

Based on the thesis you have formulated; you need to collect textual evidence that will help you explain the main idea. You need to distinguish between general and specific ideas to admit that their logical sequence exists. First and foremost, you need to identify some general ideas and then look for specific details. After you are done with collecting evidence, you need to sort them and remove the ideas that do not fit your thesis.

Step 5. Create an outline

An outline is a plan of your work that will enable you to stay focused and thesis-oriented. A good outline will help you structure your paper in a proper way. We strongly recommend you spend some time gathering all the significant points that you are going to analyz in your paper. After all, the appropriate arrangement of the main elements will ensure the smooth flow of your essay, as well as its coherency.

Step 6. Write the first draft

As soon as you have coped with all the previous stages of the writing process, you may start writing the first draft. Begin your essay by summarizing the piece to help the readers know what it is about. Then, make sure to provide a critical response supporting your claims with the relevant evidence. Finally, you need to finalize your paper emphasizing the most important insights.

While reading your paper, make sure to follow the common standards of academic writing. The style of your paper is to be formal and objective. All the information taken from the outside sources is to be cited accordingly. Finally, do not forget about transition words as they will make your writing smooth and coherent.

Step 7. Revise your draft

Once you have finished writing your paper, you need to review it to make sure that you have followed all the guidelines provided. Also, it is important to check whether all of the ideas are clear and accurate and if there are no logical flaws. Finally, you need to check if there are no grammatical and spelling mistakes, as well as if your paper is free from plagiarism. Although many students do not understand the importance of meticulous revision, we want you to know that appropriate amendments will make your essay look perfect. If you do not have enough time to revise your essay, order professional help online.

essay for critical response

Critical Response Essay Outline

An outline will help you organize the structure of your text putting all the ideas in a logical order. If you want to make the writing process maximally successful, you need to write an outline. No matter what work you are analyzing, your outline is to include four main elements. Let us discuss them in detail:

   1. Introduction

In the introductory paragraph, you need to present your topic to your readers. Also, this paragraph may include your primary justifications for your thesis. If you believe that it is appropriate to add some background information to make your thesis clearer for your audience, you are free to do that.

   2. Main Body

The main body of your critical response paper has to consist of two main parts. First, you need to provide a summary of the piece being analyzed. Although it ought not to be too long, your summary is to include enough details so that your readers can understand your analysis. When summarizing the piece, you need to avoid being subjective. As soon as the summary is ready, you need to include a detailed evaluation of the work. When working on this part, you have to analyze the topic, main ideas, writing style, and other elements that make the work authentic.

   3. Conclusion

In the final paragraph of your essay, you need to put all the parts together and wrap up your analysis. Take into account that this paragraph makes a strong impact on the audience. Thus, it has to look perfect. A conclusion for a summary response essay ought not to be too long. Usually, it takes only one-two paragraph.

essay for critical response

Additional Tips on Writing a Critical Reaction Paper

Writing a critical response paper requires advanced critical thinking skills. The writing process can be quite complicated as there are many issues to consider. Below, you will find some tips that will make the process easier. Let us have a closer look at our handy suggestions:

  • Your paper is to contain a strong thesis statement and a good introduction. The first paragraph of your paper is a brief overview of the contents of your essay. It usually helps readers understand what your paper is about. Your task is to make your introduction attention-grabbing. We strongly recommend you include a hook that will captivate your reader`s attention.
  • Try to avoid the “I think” statements. When writing your essay, you need to focus on the work itself, not on your feelings. You need to use the third person when suggesting any arguments or claims.
  • Do not wait until the last moment. The process of writing a personal response essay may take much time. By waiting until the last moment to work on this task, you will reduce your chances to succeed. Thus, we recommend you start working on this assignment right after receiving it to have enough time on the planning, writing, and revising stages.
  • Study examples. If you have never worked on summary response essays before, then you need to get some inspiration by studying well-written samples available on the web. Yet, we recommend you avoid copy-pasting any ideas from these papers as your work is be completely original.
  • Don`t turn your essay into a simple summary . Many students commit the same mistake by summarizing the work instead of analyzing it. Such an approach will compromise the quality of your paper. To write a good-looking essay, you need to follow the outline provided earlier in our guide.
  • Format your essay in a proper way. The prompt provided by your tutor will include the response essay format you need to follow. This means that you need to make the citations, reference list, as well as overall layout of your paper correspond with the style provided.

We have predicted all your needs and prepared useful suggestions for your convenience. No matter what sort of writing assistance you are looking for, be sure to send your request to us when you need it.

essay for critical response


Get Professional Help with Your Response Paper Assignment!

If you are tired of struggling with your tough academic schedule, you need to consider hiring a professional writing companion. A trusted writing service will help you forget about your academic problems and succeed with your studies. Are you interested in cooperating with a reliable writing assistant? Our writing center has been addressing the students` academic needs for many years. is known for providing the best solutions to academic problems. Whenever you need professional help with your difficult academic assignment, you need to just to get in touch with our writing team. Buy response essay writing help from us and we will surpass your expectations!

For many years of our work, we have provided our customers with thousands of the well-written response essays. In our work, we are maintaining the highest quality standards because we want our customers to be satisfied with their choice of a writing provider. No matter what piece you want us to analyze, we will provide you with a custom-written paper tailored to your guidelines. This paper will be free from plagiarism as we create all texts from scratch. Also, your paper will be free from any mistakes as one of our proficient quality assurance managers will thoroughly check it.

We want you to know that we respect all the deadlines allocated by our customers. Even if you want us to provide you with urgent response essay help, we will do our best to deliver a brilliant paper on time. Our writers can comfortably work under the pressure. Thus, they can cope with the most limited deadlines.

At our response essay writing service, we have a team of talented, responsible, and hard-working writers ready to cope with the most challenging tasks. So, if you were looking for a company providing the best writing assistance, then you are just in the right place!

essay for critical response

Filling out an Order Form

essay for critical response

Payment Process

essay for critical response

Assigning a Writer

essay for critical response

Conducting Research

essay for critical response

Work Delivery

Buy a Strong Response Essay Written by a Seasoned Expert!

By outsourcing your assignment to our writing service, you get a great opportunity to cooperate with a proficient academic writer, who will consider all of your requirements. A fruitful partnership with our writing team will help you not only improve your academic grades but also boost your own writing skills, for instance, in critical response essay preparation.

As for our pricing rates, they are very moderate and affordable. We do not want to become a financial burden on the shoulders of our customers. Thus, we have developed a very comfortable price and quality balance.

With us, you can forget about sleepless nights, stress, and anxiety. Having advanced experience in writing academic papers, we can take great care of your assignment. So, what are you waiting for? Hurry up to fill in the order form on our website and we will do our best to make your academic success closer. You`ll never regret cooperation with our response paper writing service!

essay for critical response

  • How to write a critical response essay

Guide on how to write a critical response essay

blog img

As we know, the writing of a critical response essay is often accompanied by confusion and various questions. From the student’s perspective, such a reaction is justified and cannot be condemned. You have probably heard of regular academic essays. However, hearing the term critical response writing may raise a few eyebrows. Where do you even begin when it comes to evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the work? Today, we are going to break down the key rules of critical essay writing.

What is a critical response essay

A critical response essay is based on your skills of evaluation and interpretation. It analyzes a literary work, an article, or even a movie. If you have read detailed book reviews before, you are already familiar with the definition of a critical essay. You may think that the goal of a critical essay is to judge the written piece; however, this is not entirely true.

Students will analyze the text, form an opinion, assess its strengths and weaknesses, and present evidence of their claim by using information from the original source. So, whats a critical essay? It is a thoughtful analysis of the concept that allows you to express your views without using heavy critique. A critical response essay requires students to use their analytical skills in writing.

Writing steps of a critical response essay

Before writing a critical response essay, you should know what an essay analysis is and what kind of paper is expected from you. Critical response essays need to be structured according to the rules of critical writing. This includes dividing your paper into several sections and working with each separately.

Analyze your source

How to write a critical essay and impress your teacher? We recommend starting with the original source and its assessment. The students will have to read the literary work and highlight its key points. If you want to know how to write critical response essay, you need an example.

Let’s say you’ve been given a book to reflect on. To make our critical essay informative, we will look at the work of fiction, as it offers more nuances for interpreting the characters. As an example, we will take a fantasy classic, A Song of Ice and Fire, by George R. R. Martin. The critical essay’s objective will be to assess the role of fantasy elements in Martin’s world-building.

Summarize the notes

After you’ve read the piece and highlighted the parts of the text that meet your critical response essay demands, you can articulate your opinion on the subject. Do you agree with the author and their worldview? What are the parts of a typical reflective essay that you need to mention? Finding appropriate arguments will assist you in defining the key strengths and weaknesses of the literary work.

  • Think of a thesis statement . What is a response essay without a thesis statement? A thesis statement is the foundation of the text. To ensure you have an excellent thesis statement, think about the topic of your essay, what you have to say about the topic, and why the subject of your essay is important.
  • Include evidence . Your critical response essay has to include evidence or supporting details as a part of your analysis. Providing evidence to support the response can take different forms - from using direct quotations in favor of your argument to paraphrasing ideas and concepts.
  • Create an outline . An outline will allow you to examine the structure of your essay. You can think of your critical response essay outline as a map of your paper - it needs to show what information each paragraph will contain, the order in which your paragraphs will appear, and how all information is connected. You can use bullet points for an outline, as it will provide you with enough space to tweak your ideas without having to write complete paragraphs.
  • Make a draft . A critical essay is a piece of writing that cannot exist without a draft. A draft helps you organize your ideas in a way that makes sense and removes the fear of an empty page from a writer. Drafting is one of the most important steps in completing your essay. Here, you are supposed to use your outline ideas to create complete paragraphs. As you write your draft, keep the purpose of your essay in mind.

Editing and proofreading

Editing your critical response essay can clarify and improve your ideas, ensuring you have selected the right tone for the paper. Any grammar issues or stylistic errors you encounter while editing need to be corrected. In addition, you have to follow referencing standards for citation and bibliography. Proofreading your work will guarantee that the reader’s attention will not be diverted from the subject of your essay.

Knowing the answer to “What is a critical response essay?” may not always be enough to deal with your assignment. If you want to secure the best assistant to help you with your tasks, we suggest getting familiar with essay writing services reviews online. Reading the reviews and hiring an expert from will save you from stress. Just like seasoned professionals from, these writers will create your papers from scratch. Do you need your critical essay turned in before the established date free of grammatical or formatting errors? You can rely on a team of experts to follow the instructions in your paper to help you get the best grades.

Outline template for a critical response essay

If you have an assignment that says you must write a critical response essay with examples, the correct outline would be a good start. Here is the structure of a critical essay you can follow:


  • Your introduction must include the author's name and a publication date.
  • You need to describe the text you are introducing to the audience briefly.
  • Your introduction must present the essay's main idea and purpose.

The purpose of this critical response essay is to provide an analysis of the high fantasy genre in George R. R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire and an assessment of the characters that fit the definition of this genre. The series focuses on different aspects of a pseudo-medieval society, including magic and realism, politics and human relationships, duty, and honor.

Body paragraphs

As you write critical response paragraphs for your essay, there is a certain order you need to adhere to if you wish to make your point:

  • Thesis statement . A thesis statement should present a personal take on the subject of a critical response essay. This is the part where you share an opinion with the readers and explain an idea your essay will be based on.
Martin’s take on a high fantasy genre is embodied in A Song of Ice and Fire, exploring the trope of good battling against evil as the very definition of good and evil is removed, leaving the audience to make their own judgment.
  • Analysis . What is critical response, and how can analyzing the text reflect it? Think about the characters, plot elements, and themes that prevail in the text. You can also share the author’s intentions conveyed through work of fiction. These observations should be supported with factual evidence.
Fantasy elements such as blood magic, dragonfire, wildfire, sorcery, and shadowbinding all fit within a high fantasy genre and serve to drive the plot of the story. The opening of the first novel plunges the reader into a world where the most terrifying concepts take human form, starting with the minor character’s collision with the White Walkers (A Game of Thrones, Prologue) to the appearance of dragons (A Game of Thrones, Daenerys).
  • Evaluation . How to write a critical response essay and not drown in the details? Evaluation will help you find your ground. To deliver a proper evaluation, you have to answer the question, “What is a critical response paper?” and understand how it can affect your writing style. An evaluation paragraph consists of assessing the text’s strengths and weaknesses.
The strengths of a high fantasy genre are extensive world-building, dedication to characters, and detailed descriptions. Weaknesses of a high fantasy genre are the multitude of characters and excessive use of poetic language. Martin’s prose is constructed in a way that does not diminish the effectiveness of his literary genius.
  • Response . Once you have established what is critical essay, you can formulate a response that will inform the readers about your opinion on the subject. You can share your impressions from reading the text and restate how the plot affected you and your perception.
Analyzing the text, I have noticed that each character has an individual motivation, which is not revealed immediately. Martin takes special care in building suspense for all his readers, unveiling their opportunistic views and manipulative intentions with subtlety.
  • Concluding statement . A concluding statement is an integral part of writing a response essay. It is also the final sentence of any paragraph. You don’t have to add any new information to your concluding statement, as it only serves to emphasize your earlier arguments:
A Song of Ice and Fire established an original approach to a high fantasy genre, combining politics with classic fantasy elements and encouraging you to read between the lines as you guess your favorite character’s plans and intentions.

Writing a conclusion for your critical response essay should make it easier for the readers to resonate with you on a personal level. Here, you are required to repeat your previous statements by forming a clear and coherent thesis or argument and summarize your points:

A Song of Ice and Fire is a masterful example of Martin’s dedication to the fantasy genre. The abundance of details leaves room for imagination and makes all his characters nuanced and realistic. The deeply humanizing aspect of Martin’s writing defines the outcome of the in-universe battle between good and evil and makes us sympathize with the so-called gray characters, painting them as neither heroic nor villainous.

Citing sources in a critical response essay

Whenever you write a critical response essay, you need to adhere to a certain formatting style. The formatting style is usually defined by your teacher, with MPA and MLA being the most popular styles. However, you will also come across the Chicago formatting style in the process:

  • MLA : Martin, George R. R., author. A Game of Thrones. New York: Bantam Books, 1996.
  • APA : Martin, George R. R., author. (1996). A Game of Thrones. New York: Bantam Books.
  • Chicago : Martin, George R. R., author. A Game of Thrones. New York: Bantam Books, 1996.

If you have a hard time understanding “What is a critical response essay?”, our guide is determined to assist you with this challenging assignment and improve your knowledge on the subject. Critical response essays have a specific structure that needs to be followed if you intend to make your teacher happy. By covering all the paragraphs in the right order, you will learn how to write reaction essay that expresses your opinion and provides arguments to support your views.

A critical response essay is an analytical piece of writing that evaluates a text, providing both a summary and a thoughtful critique. It's essential for students as it fosters critical thinking skills, encourages engagement with complex ideas, and demonstrates the ability to articulate informed opinions.

Begin by thoroughly reading and annotating the text, taking note of key themes, arguments, and evidence. Then, formulate a thesis statement that reflects your interpretation and assessment of the text. Support your thesis with evidence from the text and additional scholarly sources, and structure your essay with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion that synthesizes your analysis.

Focus on providing a balanced evaluation of the text, acknowledging both its strengths and weaknesses. Engage with the author's arguments and evidence thoughtfully, offering meaningful insights and interpretations. Additionally, ensure your writing is clear, concise, and well-supported, and always provide citations for any outside sources used.

Related articles

essay for critical response

Your Incredible Alma-mater. Best Universities in the World

essay for critical response

Academic Formatting Styles

essay for critical response

Before getting started. Smart plan how to be an A+ student

Logo for College of Western Idaho Pressbooks

Want to create or adapt books like this? Learn more about how Pressbooks supports open publishing practices.

15 Practicing Reader Response Criticism

Now that you’ve learned about reader response theory, practiced this method of analysis with “What an Indian Thought When He Saw a Comet,” and reviewed some examples, you will complete a theoretical response to a text using reader response as your approach. You will read three different texts below. Choose one text and respond to the questions in a short essay (500-750 words).

I have included questions to guide your reading. You may choose to respond to some or all of these questions; however, your response should be written as a short essay, and you will need to come up with a thesis statement about your chosen text. Post your short essay as a response to the Reader Response Theoretical Response discussion board. I have included the theoretical response assignment instructions at the end of this chapter.

Checklist for Practicing Reader Response Criticism

When using the reader response approach, the goal is to put the reader, either subjective (you) or implied, at the center of the target. You’ll interpret the text based on either your own subjective responses or based on the implied reader’s responses. You may be asked to consider how different people would respond differently to the text.

  • Practice active reading. Make notes, ask questions, respond to the text, and record your responses.
  • Focus on the details (much as you do with a close reading) and ask how your response to the text might change if those details changed.
  • Decide whether you will write a subjective or a receptive response to the text.

Dear Phantom Children (2018)

By Catherine Broadwell (formerly Catherine Kyle)

Dear phantom children who hover near the futon frame

like lavender genies or wisps of feathered incense smoke, take heed—

we get it. You enjoy the look of daffodils and jello. It might be fun

to dress you as a puppy or a cub. We’ve pushed our share of strollers watching neighbor ladies’

babies, and yes, the dappling of sun on plaid and board book can be sweet. The thing is,

spirits, we can barely even hold each other— our other hands latched to the railing of this speeding ship.

To those already here, well, welcome to holey vessel. We’ll do our best

to patch it up before it’s sink or kill. We’re trying not to polar bear

ourselves or leave you ice cubes from which you’ll have to hop and

hop, precarious wayfare. Democracy, the ultimate hair-tearing-out group project.

Humanity, the raft that everybody wants to steer. For now, don’t worry, babies; look—

aurora borealis. Take a load off, babies; look at Ursa Major rise.

Catherine Broadwall (formerly known as Catherine Kyle) is the author of Water Spell (Cornerstone Press, forthcoming 2025), Fulgurite (Cornerstone Press, 2023), Shelter in Place (Spuyten Duyvil, 2019), and other collections. Her writing has appeared in Bellingham Review, Colorado Review, Mid-American Review, and other journals. She was the winner of the 2019-2020 COG Poetry Award and a finalist for the 2021 Mississippi Review Prize in poetry. She is an assistant professor at DigiPen Institute of Technology, where she teaches creative writing and literature. “Dear Phantom Children” is All Rights Reserved , reprinted here with written permission of the author.

Here are some reader response questions you can use to guide your response. You to do not have to use every question. You should formulate a thesis statement about the text and include this thesis statement in your response. Then support the thesis statement with evidence from the text.

  • Who is the implied reader for this passage? What characteristics of the writing help you to define this implied reader? How does the author use description to relate to the implied reader?
  • How does the poem’s imagery affect you? Consider these lines: “We’ll do our best/to patch it up before it’s sink/or kill” and “Democracy,/The ultimate hair-tearing-out group project.” What specific examples from recent events come to mind when you read these lines?
  • How do you feel after reading the poem? Do you feel wistful? Hopeful? Angry? Resigned? Something else? Would other readers be likely to feel like you do when they read the poem? Why or why not?
  • What role do you think social media played in the writing of this poem? Does the imagery remind you of Instagram posts? Why might some readers see the influence of social media in the poem while others might not? In what ways would those readers be different?
  • Think of at least five different receptive audiences for this text. Examples might include Millennials, Boomers, Generation Z, parents, people who have chosen to be childless, women, men, liberals, or conservatives. How might these different groups understand the text in different ways?

2.  Excerpt from Demon Copperhead (2022 Pulitzer Prize Co-Winner for Fiction)

By Barbara Kingsolver

First, I got myself born. A decent crowd was on hand to watch, and they’ve always given me that much: the worst of the job was up to me, my mother being let’s just say out of it.

On any other day they’d have seen her outside on the deck of her trailer home, good neighbors taking notice, pestering the tit of trouble as they will. All through the dog-breath air of late summer and fall, cast an eye up the mountain and there she’d be, little bleach-blonde smoking her Pall Malls, hanging on that railing like she’s captain of her ship up there and now might be the hour it’s going down. This is an eighteen-year-old girl we’re discussing, all on her own and as pregnant as it gets. The day she failed to show, it fell to Nance Peggot to go bang on the door, barge inside, and find her passed out on the bathroom floor with her junk all over the place and me already coming out. A slick fish-colored hostage picking up grit from the vinyl tile, worming and shoving around because I’m still inside the sack that babies float in, pre-real-life.

Mr. Peggot was outside idling his truck, headed for evening service, probably thinking about how much of his life he’d spent waiting on women. His wife would have told him the Jesusing could hold on a minute, first she needed to go see if the little pregnant gal had got herself liquored up again. Mrs. Peggot being a lady that doesn’t beat around the bushes and if need be, will tell Christ Jesus to sit tight and keep his pretty hair on. She came back out yelling for him to call 911 because a poor child is in the bathroom trying to punch himself out of a bag.

Like a little blue prizefighter. Those are the words she’d use later on, being not at all shy to discuss the worst day of my mom’s life. And if that’s how I came across to the first people that laid eyes on me, I’ll take it. To me that says I had a fighting chance. Long odds, yes I know. If a mother is lying in her own piss and pill bottles while they’re slapping the kid she’s shunted out, telling him to look alive: likely the bastard is doomed. Kid born to the junkie is a junkie. He’ll grow up to be everything you don’t want to know, the rotten teeth and dead-zone eyes, the nuisance of locking up your tools in the garage so they don’t walk off, the rent-by-the-week motel squatting well back from the scenic highway. This kid, if he wanted a shot at the finer things, should have got himself delivered to some rich or smart or Christian, nonusing type of mother. Anybody will tell you the born of this world are marked from the get-out, win or lose.

Me though, I was a born sucker for the superhero rescue. Did that line of work even exist, in our trailer-home universe? Had they all quit Smallville and gone looking for bigger action? Save or be saved, these are questions. You want to think it’s not over till the last page.

It was a Wednesday this all happened, which supposedly is the bad one. Full of woe etc. Add to that, coming out still inside the fetus ziplock. But. According to Mrs. Peggot there is one good piece of luck that comes with the baggie birth: it’s this promise from God that you’ll never drown. Specifically. You could still OD, or get pinned to the wheel and charbroiled in your driver’s seat, or for that matter blow your own brains out, but the one place where you will not suck your last breath is underwater. Thank you, Jesus.

I don’t know if this is at all related, but I always had a thing for the ocean. Usually kids will get fixated on naming every make and model of dinosaur or what have you. With me it was whales and sharks. Even now I probably think more than the normal about water, floating in it, just the color blue itself and how for the fish, that blue is the whole deal. Air and noise and people and our all-important hectic nonsense, a minor irritant if even that.

I’ve not seen the real thing, just pictures, and this hypnotizing screen saver of waves rearing up and spilling over on a library computer. So what do I know about ocean, still yet to stand on its sandy beard and look it in the eye? Still waiting to meet the one big thing I know is not going to swallow me alive.

Barbara Kingsolver  (born April 8, 1955) is a Pulitzer Prize winning American novelist, essayist and poet. Her widely known works include  The Poisonwood Bible , the tale of a missionary family in the Congo, and  Animal, Vegetable, Miracle , a non-fiction account of her family’s attempts to eat locally. In 2023, she was awarded the  Pulitzer Prize for Fiction  for the novel  Demon Copperhead . [1] Her work often focuses on topics such as social justice, biodiversity and the interaction between humans and their communities and environments. This passage excerpted from Demon Copperhead by Barbara Kingsolver. Copyright © 2022 by Barbara Kingsolver and reprinted under a Fair Use Exception.

  • Who is the implied reader for this passage? What characteristics of the writing help you to define this implied reader? How does knowing that the author won a Pulitzer Prize for the book in 2022 affect your reading and your understanding of the implied reader?
  • Are you aware that Demon Copperhead is a loose retelling of the classic Charles Dickens novel  David Copperfield?  How would reading Dickens’s novel or at least being aware of this fact impact a reader’s response to the book?
  • What do you expect will happen to the narrator based on this passage? Will the book’s ending be happy? Sad? Mixed? Why do you feel this way?
  • Describe your view of the narrator. Do you relate to him, or does he seem like a stranger? Why do you feel this way? Look at specific examples from the text.
  • Think of at least five different receptive audiences for this text. Examples might include doctors, college students, people living in recovery, or people from varied socioeconomic backgrounds. How might these different groups understand the text in different ways?

3. Idea 61: Since There’s No Help (1619)

  • How do you emotionally respond to the speaker’s decision to part ways with their beloved? What emotions or sentiments does the poem evoke in you as a reader, and how do they influence your understanding of the speaker’s perspective?
  • Reflect on your own experiences with love and parting. Can you relate to the emotions conveyed in the poem, such as the sense of finality and the desire to cleanly break free? How do your personal experiences shape your interpretation of the speaker’s actions and feelings?
  • Consider the poem’s portrayal of the end of a romantic relationship as a moment of “latest breath” and “closing up [of] eyes.” How does this imagery resonate with your own perceptions of love and its eventual conclusion? How does it enhance or challenge your understanding of love’s stages and transitions?
  • Explore the concept of closure in the poem. How does the speaker seek closure in this parting, and what does it mean to them? How does the notion of canceling vows and erasing all signs of love from their brows reflect the speaker’s perspective on moving on from a relationship?
  • Who is the implied reader for the poem? Is there an actual audience that we know of? Consider this information about the author, Michael Drayton. In 1591. he fell in love with Anne Goodere and probably wrote this sonnet shortly afterwards. Anne married Sir Henry Rainsford in 1596. While Drayton never married, he often visited Anne and Henry at their country home, and his passion apparently transmuted into a deep friendship with Anne. How does this information affect your response to the poem?

Theoretical Response Assignment Instructions


  • 15 points: theoretical response
  • 10 points: online discussion (5 points per response) OR class attendance.

Critical Worlds Copyright © 2024 by Liza Long is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book

‘What went well and how we can improve’: Multiple agencies meet to discuss critical emergency response

essay for critical response

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. ( WBRC ) - Emergency and law enforcement agencies met Tuesday morning at Bevill State Community College in Sumiton to discuss response efforts during critical incidents.

This comes after a 13-year-old boy was missing a few weeks ago in West Jefferson. Thankfully, he was found safe, but now these agencies discussed things they did well and areas for improvement.

“We’re able to find other agencies that have different dogs than we have for search and rescue, and different agencies that have tools,” says Lt. Joni Money with the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office. “While we have a ton of tools, we don’t have everything.”

This after-action review is a way for several agencies to have introductions and get to know these entities and the services they provide so that when the next emergency happens, they already have game plans lined up.

Leaders say every second matters when someone is missing, which is why they want to take an all-hands-on-deck approach and ensure the very best resources are used to help bring that person home.

“It’s good for a large incident where we bring in all the teams together, where we talk about things that could’ve gone better, and things that could’ve been worked a little differently. It’s good that we are putting faces to names,” says Stentsen Ellenburg, a training specialist with Alabama Fire College. “A lot of times, we work through email. A lot of times, we see each other on emails, but coming together will help our partnership work so much better.”

Get news alerts in the Apple App Store and Google Play Store or subscribe to our email newsletter here .

Copyright 2024 WBRC. All rights reserved.

The Clark family of Hartselle, Alabama, is shown in this file photo from GoFundMe. Beau Clark,...

4-year-old boy dies from dog attack

Jackson had last been seen on Sunday and had texted a family member at 7:30 a.m. that morning.

Police: 6 suspects in custody in connection with death of Mahogany Jackson

Birmingham Police say two people were pronounced dead on the scene. One person was transported...

Identities released of 2 killed in 5-car crash on Bankhead Hwy

40-year-old woman shot, killed in Sylacauga’s first homicide of 2024

40-year-old woman shot, killed in Sylacauga’s first homicide of 2024

Birmingham Police on the scene at BFRS Station 9 where two firefighters were shot on Wednesday.

Birmingham Police confirm persons of interest in deadly shooting at fire station

Latest news.

Birmingham Police are investigating a deadly shooting in the 7800 block of 7th Court South...

Homicide under investigation in Birmingham

The Tannehill General Store is gone after catching fire early Wednesday morning.

Tannehill General Store burns down Wednesday morning

Tennehill General Store burns down

Tennehill General Store burns down

GCAC basketball tournaments tip off Wednesday in Tuscaloosa

GCAC basketball tournaments tip off Wednesday in Tuscaloosa

*NOTE: This is a stock photo.

Full internet connectivity coming back soon for parts of Pickens County

  • Skip to main content
  • Keyboard shortcuts for audio player

The U.S. airman who set himself on fire to protest the war in Gaza has died

Juliana Kim headshot

Juliana Kim

essay for critical response

A man enters the Israeli embassy, near pictures of hostages in Gaza, in Washington, D.C., on Monday. An airman has died after self-immolating in what he said on social media was an act of protest against Israel's war in Gaza. Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

A man enters the Israeli embassy, near pictures of hostages in Gaza, in Washington, D.C., on Monday. An airman has died after self-immolating in what he said on social media was an act of protest against Israel's war in Gaza.

Aaron Bushnell, 25, died in the hospital after setting himself on fire outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, D.C., on Sunday in what he said on social media was an act of protest against Israel's war in Gaza.

Bushnell was an active duty member of the U.S. Air Force and based in San Antonio, Texas, the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department said. He was pronounced dead at 8:06 p.m. ET Sunday.

On Sunday, the U.S. Secret Service said it was responding to reports of an individual experiencing a possible medical or mental health emergency. Local police arrived around 1 p.m.

Bushnell appeared to have livestreamed his self-immolation on the social media platform Twitch.

Why self-immolation has been used by political protesters for decades

Why self-immolation has been used by political protesters for decades

Leading up the incident, Bushnell said in the video that he "will no longer be complicit in genocide." Later, as he burned in front of the Israeli Embassy, Bushnell could be seen on the livestream yelling "Free Palestine!"

The fire was extinguished, and Bushnell, who sustained "critical life threatening injuries," was rushed to a local hospital, according to D.C. Fire and EMS.

The Israeli Embassy in D.C. said none of its staff were injured.

The video has since been taken down by Twitch.

The incident is currently being investigated by the local police, the Secret Service and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Local police said the footage was part of its investigation. The U.S. Air Force said it will provide more information in the coming day after the next of kin notifications are complete.

essay for critical response

Multiple law enforcement agencies arrived at the Israeli Embassy on Sunday afternoon after a man set himself on fire in front of the building. Andrew Leyden hide caption

Multiple law enforcement agencies arrived at the Israeli Embassy on Sunday afternoon after a man set himself on fire in front of the building.

Details emerge about Bushnell's life

The Air Force said on Monday that Bushnell was from Whitman, Mass., and served as a cyber defense operations specialist with the 531st Intelligence Support Squadron at Joint Base San Antonio.

He had been on active duty since May 2020. He was assigned to the 70th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing.

Bushnell had volunteered with the San Antonio Care Collective to offer support to the city's unhoused population, Lupe Barboza of the Care Collective told Texas Public Radio.

Barboza said Bushnell developed deep friendships with people living in encampments and would regularly purchase blankets, sweaters and snacks from a store on base to give out.

In the days before his death, Bushnell created a will detailing his final wishes that he shared with close friends.

"He took all the steps he needed to make sure that everything he had would be cared for, like his cat, he designated that to his neighbor. ... So yeah, that to me is all the sense of someone who was measured and knew what he was doing," said Barboza, who saw the document. TPR also reviewed the will.

Barboza added that she witnessed Bushnell's self-immolation on Twitch.

"It didn't feel like real life. I couldn't believe what I was seeing. It still doesn't feel like like it happened," she told TPR.

In a press conference Monday, Pentagon spokesperson Maj. Gen. Pat Ryder said that Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin is aware and following the situation.

"It certainly is a tragic event, we do extend our condolences to the airman's family," Ryder said.

Air Force Col. Celina Noyes, the 70th ISRW commander, said: "We extend our deepest sympathies to the family and friends of Senior Airman Bushnell. Our thoughts and prayers are with them, and we ask that you respect their privacy during this difficult time."

The war in Gaza began after Hamas-led militants attacked southern Israel on Oct. 7, killing some 1,200 people and taking over 250 hostage. More than 130 people remain captive in Gaza, according to the Israeli government.

Israel responded with a military assault on Gaza which, according the health ministry in the enclave, has killed over 29,000 people. Nearly 2 million people have been displaced and over 60% of housing has been damaged in Gaza, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Josh Peck of Texas Public Radio contributed reporting.

  • Election 2024
  • Entertainment
  • Newsletters
  • Photography
  • Press Releases
  • Israel-Hamas War
  • Russia-Ukraine War
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • Asia Pacific
  • AP Top 25 College Football Poll
  • Movie reviews
  • Book reviews
  • Financial Markets
  • Business Highlights
  • Financial wellness
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Social Media

A US Air Force member is critically injured after he set himself on fire outside an Israeli embassy in protest

In this image taken from video, police are deployed outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, Sunday, Feb. 25, 2024, after an active-duty member of the U.S. Air Force was critically injured after setting himself ablaze outside the diplomatic compound. (WJLA via AP)

In this image taken from video, police are deployed outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, Sunday, Feb. 25, 2024, after an active-duty member of the U.S. Air Force was critically injured after setting himself ablaze outside the diplomatic compound. (WJLA via AP)

Palestinians wait for humanitarian aid on a beachfront in Gaza City, Gaza Strip, Sunday, Feb. 25, 2024. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Essa)

  • Copy Link copied

Update: Active-duty U.S. Air Force member dies after setting himself on fire outside of Israeli embassy.

WASHINGTON (AP) — An active-duty member of the U.S. Air Force was critically injured Sunday after setting himself ablaze outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, D.C., while declaring that he “will no longer be complicit in genocide,” a person familiar with the matter told The Associated Press.

The man, whose name wasn’t immediately released, walked up to the embassy shortly before 1 p.m. and began livestreaming on the video streaming platform Twitch, the person said. Law enforcement officials believe the man started a livestream, set his phone down and then doused himself in accelerant and ignited the flames. At one point, he said he “will no longer be complicit in genocide,” the person said. The video was later removed from the platform, but law enforcement officials have obtained and reviewed a copy.

The person was not authorized to publicly discuss details of the ongoing investigation and spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity.

Police did not immediately provide any additional details about the incident.

Palestinians wait for humanitarian aid on a beachfront in Gaza City, Gaza Strip, Sunday, Feb. 25, 2024. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Essa)

The incident happened as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is seeking the cabinet approval for a military operation in the southern Gazan city of Rafah while a temporary cease-fire deal is being negotiated. Israel’s military offensive in Gaza, however, has drawn criticisms, including genocide claims against the Palestinians.

Israel has adamantly denied the genocide allegations and says it is carrying out operations in accordance with international law in the Israel-Hamas war .

In December, a person self-immolated outside the Israeli consulate in Atlanta and used gasoline as an accelerant, according to Atlanta’s fire authorities. A Palestinian flag was found at the scene, and the act was believed to be one of “extreme political protest.”

In this image taken from video, police are deployed outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, Sunday, Feb. 25, 2024, after an active-duty member of the U.S. Air Force was critically injured after setting himself ablaze outside the diplomatic compound. (WJLA via AP)

In a statement, the Metropolitan Police Department in Washington said its officers had responded to the scene outside the Israeli Embassy to assist U.S. Secret Service officers and that its bomb squad had also been called to examine a suspicious vehicle. Police said no hazardous materials were found in the vehicle.

essay for critical response

  • Bahasa Indonesia
  • Sign out of AWS Builder ID
  • AWS Management Console
  • Account Settings
  • Billing & Cost Management
  • Security Credentials
  • AWS Personal Health Dashboard
  • Support Center
  • Expert Help
  • Knowledge Center
  • AWS Support Overview
  • AWS re:Post

AWS Incident Detection and Response now offers five minute response time for critical incidents

Posted On: Feb 21, 2024

AWS Support announces five-minute response to critical incidents on workloads onboarded to AWS Incident Detection and Response. AWS Incident Detection and Response offers AWS Enterprise Support customers proactive engagement and incident management for critical workloads. With AWS Incident Detection and Response, AWS Incident Management Engineers (IMEs) monitor your workloads 24x7, detect incidents, and engage you with AWS Support experts to provide guidance toward mitigation and recovery.

With this release, AWS IMEs engage you within five minutes of an alarm trigger or in response to a critical support case you raise to AWS Incident Detection and Response. This release further mitigates the impact of disruption by providing 3x faster engagement, from fifteen minutes to five minutes, for critical incidents. AWS Incident Detection and Response also provides a continuous improvement mechanism that ensures that lessons learned from previous incidents are used to improve incident runbooks, observability, and workload resiliency.

AWS Incident Detection and Response is available in English for workloads hosted in eligible AWS regions . Visit the AWS Incident Detection and Response product page  for more information.

deprecated-browser pixel tag

Ending Support for Internet Explorer


  1. Critical Response Essay

    essay for critical response

  2. Critical Response Essay Assignment

    essay for critical response

  3. Critique Response Sample : How to Write a Response Paper Guidelines

    essay for critical response

  4. Summary Response Essay Sample

    essay for critical response

  5. 001 Essay Example Critical Response Format Writing W Of Workshop How To

    essay for critical response

  6. 013 Response Paper Outline Critical Essay ~ Thatsnotus

    essay for critical response


  1. Critical essay 2

  2. Livestream: Composing an Argumentative Essay

  3. How to do a Critical Analysis (It's Easier than you Think)


  5. What I'd do to write an A+ essay on ANY subject

  6. Of Studies: A critical Appreciation


  1. How to Write a Critical Response Essay With Examples and Tips

    A critical response essay presents a reader's reaction to the content of an article or any other piece of writing and the author's strategy for achieving his or her intended purpose. Basically, a critical response to a piece of text demands an analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of a reading.

  2. PDF How to Write a Critical Response

    What is a Critical Response? An opportunity to respond to a specific piece of writing. What's the Structure of a Critical Response? Introduction Summary Analysis Response Conclusion How Do I Develop My Response? Read actively With a pencil in hand, highlight, underline, and identify important elements of the writing that you want to respond to.

  3. Writing the Critical Response Paragraph

    The Critical Response Paragraph (CRP) is a short, one-paragraph mini-essay that requires you to write an argument about one aspect of the assigned reading. Often, book club discussions will help generate ideas for these essays, but you may also choose to write an individually generated response, with my prior approval.

  4. How to Write a Critical Response Essay: Step-by-Step Guide

    Tips Topics Graduating without sharpening your critical thinking skills can be detrimental to your future career goals. To spare you the trouble, college teachers assign critical response tasks to prepare learners for making rational decisions. Critical response papers also help professors assess the knowledge of each student on a relevant topic.

  5. Writing the Critical Response Essay (CRE)

    The Critical Response Essay is a multi-paragraph, multi-page essay that requires you to take one of your Critical Response Paragraphs and revise it to create a more complex and stronger argument. You should choose your best CRP or the one that most interests you.

  6. How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay

    Writing How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay Written by MasterClass Last updated: Jun 7, 2021 • 3 min read Critical analysis essays can be a daunting form of academic writing, but crafting a good critical analysis paper can be straightforward if you have the right approach.

  7. A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Critical Response Essay

    The aim of critical response essay is to get familiarised with the subject, form your opinion (the agreement or disagreement with the author), reveal the problematic of the piece and support your claims with evidence from the primary source. For example, your task might be to analyze the social structure in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.

  8. Critical Response Essay

    A critical response essay is an essay that evaluates or analyzes an author's writing in terms of his or her writing technique as well as the content of his or her writing. For a fiction...

  9. Critical Response Essay: Example, Topics, & How to Write

    A critical response essay usually includes the following elements: an introduction, summary, analysis, response, and conclusion. 💡 Response Essay Topics The first step in creating an essay is to decide what to write about. Below you'll find a list of interesting topics to inspire you.

  10. PDF Critical Response Process

    The object of a critical response is to provide a thorough explanation of your understanding of an essay or story. You do not necessarily have to find fault with an author's opinion, style, method, or expression, but you will likely find one or more aspects of a paper that are less to your liking than others.

  11. A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Critical Response Essay

    First thingy first - let's find out what a critical response essay is and what building information including. It is an assignment that is based on your rational skills. It implying one awareness of the primary source, such as literary work, picture or painting (its problematic, content, additionally significance), and and ability at ...

  12. How to Write a Response Paper: A Comprehensive Guide

    Essay Writing How to Write a Response Paper: Understanding the Basics Written by Annie L. June 2, 2023 10 minutes Share the article Writing a response paper is an important task for students. It allows them to critically analyze a text, express their thoughts and opinions, and improve their writing skills.

  13. How to Write a Strong Response Essay

    A response essay is your opinion of a work, including but not limited to songs, books, poems, films, and art. Response essays include two parts. Not only will you provide an overview of the work, but you'll share your response to it as well. Get an outline of the process for how to write a response essay from the prewriting to the final piece.

  14. How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay: Examples & Guide

    A critical analysis essay is an academic paper that requires a thorough examination of theoretical concepts and ideas. It includes a comparison of facts, differentiation between evidence and argument, and identification of biases. Our specialists will write a custom essay specially for you! Hire Expert

  15. 5.7: Sample Response Essays

    Sample response paper "Typography and Identity" in PDF with margin notes. Sample response paper "Typography and Identity" accessible version with notes in parentheses. This page titled 5.7: Sample Response Essays is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Anna Mills ( ASCCC Open Educational Resources ...

  16. Academic genres: the Critical Response

    What is a Critical Response? a type of writing task, requiring different sections depending on the task requirements it may be a 'response' to a concept, or an article, or more than one article at REW, it requires only two sections: Summary and Discussion Why is it useful?

  17. 12.9: Essay Type

    Writing and Critical Thinking Through Literature (Ringo and Kashyap) 12: Writing About Literature

  18. What is a Response?

    Being able to read a source closely, analyze its content, and write a response is a common assignment throughout your college career. A critical response essay (or interpretive essay or review) has two missions: To summarize a source's main idea; And to respond to the source's main ideas with reactions based on your synthesis

  19. Critical Response Essay

    You are to write an essay that includes (a) a summary (approximately 150-250 words) of the reading and (b) a strong response to that reading in which you speak back to that reading from your own critical thinking, personal experience, and values. As you formulate your own response, consider both the author's rhetorical strategies and the ...

  20. Learn How to Write a Brilliant Critical Response Essay

    A critical response essay is an academic assignment that aims to check and evaluate the students' analytical skills. To cope with this task, it is necessary to understand the piece being investigated (literary work, film, article, painting, etc.) and provide an objective opinion about it using critical thinking patterns.

  21. Guide on how to write a critical response essay

    Include evidence. Your critical response essay has to include evidence or supporting details as a part of your analysis. Providing evidence to support the response can take different forms - from using direct quotations in favor of your argument to paraphrasing ideas and concepts. Create an outline. An outline will allow you to examine the ...

  22. Practicing Reader Response Criticism

    For each of the critical approaches we study in Critical Worlds, you will write a short response that demonstrates your beginning understanding of the concept by applying the approach to a text. Treat these responses as short essays. ... Your final response should be written as a short essay that considers the key elements of each question, 500 ...

  23. PDF SLS Letter from Dean

    critical to the advance of social movements for historically marginalized groups. See, e.g., Gay Students Organization of University of New Hampshire v. Bonner, 509 F.2d 652 (1st Cir. 1974). Thus, I believe that strong protection for freedom of speech is a bedrock principle that ultimately supports diversity, equity, and inclusion and that we ...

  24. 'What went well and how we can improve': Multiple agencies meet to

    BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - Emergency and law enforcement agencies met Tuesday morning at Bevill State Community College in Sumiton to discuss response efforts during critical incidents.This comes after a 13-year-old boy was missing a few weeks ago in West Jefferson. Thankfully, he was found safe, but now these agencies discussed things they did well and areas for improvement.

  25. Aaron Bushnell dies after setting himself on fire outside Israeli ...

    Aaron Bushnell, who was an active duty member of the U.S. Air Force based in San Antonio, Texas, is seen in a video saying "Free Palestine!" after lighting himself on fire.

  26. Israel-Hamas war: Air Force member sets himself on fire outside Israeli

    WASHINGTON (AP) — An active-duty member of the U.S. Air Force was critically injured Sunday after setting himself ablaze outside the Israeli Embassy in Washington, D.C., while declaring that he "will no longer be complicit in genocide," a person familiar with the matter told The Associated Press.

  27. Ukraine: Two Years of the Health Cluster Response to the War

    Two years since the escalation of the war in Ukraine, Health Cluster partners have reached an estimated 17 million people across the country, providing critical and life-saving health assistance to those most in need. More than 14.6 million people - a staggering 40 per cent of Ukraine's total population - remain in need of some form of humanitarian assistance in 2024, while 2.2 million ...

  28. AWS Incident Detection and Response now offers five minute response

    With this release, AWS IMEs engage you within five minutes of an alarm trigger or in response to a critical support case you raise to AWS Incident Detection and Response. This release further mitigates the impact of disruption by providing 3x faster engagement, from fifteen minutes to five minutes, for critical incidents. ...