Conducting and Writing Literature Reviews

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To contribute new knowledge to a field of study, students must first establish a comprehensive understanding of existing knowledge. For Holbrook, Bourke, Fairbairn, and Lovat (2007), “The use and application of the literature is at the heart of scholarship—of belonging to the academy” (p. 346). It is the foundation on which the entire thesis rests. However, many students, despite having written many course papers, have no idea of how to write the literature review or even where to start.

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Blair, L. (2016). Conducting and Writing Literature Reviews. In: Writing a Graduate Thesis or Dissertation. Teaching Writing. SensePublishers, Rotterdam. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6300-426-8_4

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How to write a superb literature review

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Literature reviews are important resources for scientists. They provide historical context for a field while offering opinions on its future trajectory. Creating them can provide inspiration for one’s own research, as well as some practice in writing. But few scientists are trained in how to write a review — or in what constitutes an excellent one. Even picking the appropriate software to use can be an involved decision (see ‘Tools and techniques’). So Nature asked editors and working scientists with well-cited reviews for their tips.

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doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-03422-x

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Correction 09 December 2020 : An earlier version of the tables in this article included some incorrect details about the programs Zotero, Endnote and Manubot. These have now been corrected.

Hsing, I.-M., Xu, Y. & Zhao, W. Electroanalysis 19 , 755–768 (2007).

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Ledesma, H. A. et al. Nature Nanotechnol. 14 , 645–657 (2019).

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Brahlek, M., Koirala, N., Bansal, N. & Oh, S. Solid State Commun. 215–216 , 54–62 (2015).

Choi, Y. & Lee, S. Y. Nature Rev. Chem . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41570-020-00221-w (2020).

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IMAGES

  1. FREE 5+ Sample Literature Review Templates in PDF

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  4. What Is Literature Review Pdf

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COMMENTS

  1. PDF How to Write a Literature Review

    A literature review is a review or discussion of the current published material available on a particular topic. It attempts to synthesizeand evaluatethe material and information according to the research question(s), thesis, and central theme(s). In other words, instead of supporting an argument, or simply making a list of summarized research ...

  2. PDF How to Write a Literature Review

    Synthesize the Literature Write the Review. 3 Skim to identify relevant: • Empirical and theoretical literature • Primary and secondary source • Classic and foundational studies • Important authors who are working on your topic Keep track of the keywords and search terms you use as well as what

  3. PDF LITERATURE REVIEWS

    WRITING A TARGETED LITERATURE REVIEW a targeted literature review is NOT: ¡ a sophisticated evaluation of the entire literature or literatures related to your topic ¡ a set of thinly connected summaries of important related works haphazardly selected from many subfields a targeted literature review IS: ¡ a carefully curated set of sources from a small number of subfield literatures

  4. PDF WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW

    something is done to that material. In a quality literature review, the. "something" that is done to the literature should include synthesis or integrative. work that provides a new perspective on the topic (Boote & Penny 2005; Torraco. 2005), resulting in a review that is more than the sum of the parts. A quality.

  5. PDF Writing Literature Reviews A literature review may consist of simply a

    Writing Literature Reviews A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Literature reviews are designed to

  6. How to Write a Literature Review

    Examples of literature reviews. Step 1 - Search for relevant literature. Step 2 - Evaluate and select sources. Step 3 - Identify themes, debates, and gaps. Step 4 - Outline your literature review's structure. Step 5 - Write your literature review.

  7. PDF COnDUCTInG AnD WRITInG LITERATURE REVIEWS

    write the review. It concludes by outlining common mistakes students make when writing literature reviews. Types of Literature Reviews This section introduces four ways existing literature is used in research: an annotated bibliography, a literature review, a meta-analysis, and a meta-synthesis.

  8. PDF Literature Reviews

    The Writing Center Literature Reviews What this handout is about This handout will explain what a literature review is and offer insights into the form and construction of a literature review in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. Introduction OK. You've got to write a literature review. You dust off a novel and a book of poetry ...

  9. Writing Literature Reviews

    This useful guide educates students in the preparation of literature reviews for term projects, theses, and dissertations. The authors provide numerous examples from published reviews that illustrate the guidelines discussed throughout the book. New to the seventh edition: Online resources designed to help instructors plan and teach their ...

  10. Writing a literature review

    Writing a literature review requires a range of skills to gather, sort, evaluate and summarise peer-reviewed published data into a relevant and informative unbiased narrative. Digital access to research papers, academic texts, review articles, reference databases and public data sets are all sources of information that are available to enrich ...

  11. PDF Conducting a Literature Review

    Literature Review A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant and significant publications regarding that topic in order to provide a comprehensive look at what has been said on the topic and by whom.

  12. How to write a superb literature review

    Attribute. Manubot. Overleaf. Google Docs. Cost. Free, open source. $15-30 per month, comes with academic discounts. Free, comes with a Google account. Writing language

  13. PDF Writing a Literature Review

    A literature review may be as short as a single sentence or as long as several pages (in which case it is usually presented in a sec-tion of its own headed "Literature Review" or something similar). In many journal articles, the literature review appears as part of the introduction. literature review should do at least four things, the ...

  14. PDF Strategies for Writing a literature review

    WRITING MOVES TO MAKE WHEN WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW Always consider your audience! Determine the areas of scholarship related to your topic that you will need to discuss. Use headings and sub-headings in your review. Literature reviews are both an informative and persuasive genre of academic writing. Synthesize the information you've gathered and comment on it.

  15. Writing literature reviews : a guide for students of the social and

    Writing literature reviews : a guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences by Galvan, Jose L., author. Publication date 2017 Topics ... Pdf_module_version 0.0.22 Ppi 360 Rcs_key 24143 Republisher_date 20230430115418 Republisher_operator [email protected] ...

  16. PDF Writing Literature Reviews

    Writing Literature Reviews This useful guide educates students in the preparation of literature reviews for term projects, theses, and dissertations. The authors provide numerous examples from published reviews that illustrate the guidelines discussed throughout the book.

  17. PDF A Guide to Writing the Dissertation Literature Review

    Conducting a literature review also informs the student of the influential researchers and research groups in the field. Finally, with some modification, the literature review is a "legitimate and publishable scholarly document" (LeCompte & colleagues, 2003, p. 124). Apart from the above reasons for writing a review (i.e.,

  18. PDF Writing Narrative Literature Reviews

    when they write literature reviews. Undoubtedly there are important similarities between writing literature reviews and writing empirical reports, and indeed Bern (1987, 1995) has emphasized such parallels and similarities in giving valuable tips about writing. Yet, important differences

  19. (PDF) Writing a Literature Review Research Paper: A step-by-step approach

    A literature review is a surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular. issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and ...

  20. PDF Writing an Effective Literature Review

    usually be some element of literature review in the introduction. And if you have to write a grant application, you will be expected to review the work that has already been done in your area. However, just because we all have to do this a lot, doesn't make the task any easier, and indeed for many, writing a literature review is one of

  21. (PDF) Practical guide to writing literature review

    This paper seeks to unveil the practical guides to writing a literature review, from purpose, and components to tips. It follows through the exposition of secondary literature. It exposes the ...

  22. (PDF) How to Write a Literature Review

    The literature in a research study accomplishes several purposes: (a) It. shares with the reader the results of other studies that are closely related. to the study being reported (Fraenkel ...

  23. Welcome to the Purdue Online Writing Lab

    The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects.