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10 Great Essay Writing Tips
Knowing how to write a college essay is a useful skill for anyone who plans to go to college. Most colleges and universities ask you to submit a writing sample with your application. As a student, you’ll also write essays in your courses. Impress your professors with your knowledge and skill by using these great essay writing tips.
Prepare to Answer the Question
Most college essays ask you to answer a question or synthesize information you learned in class. Review notes you have from lectures, read the recommended texts and make sure you understand the topic. You should refer to these sources in your essay.
Plan Your Essay
Many students see planning as a waste of time, but it actually saves you time. Take a few minutes to think about the topic and what you want to say about it. You can write an outline, draw a chart or use a graphic organizer to arrange your ideas. This gives you a chance to spot problems in your ideas before you spend time writing out the paragraphs.
Choose a Writing Method That Feels Comfortable
You might have to type your essay before turning it in, but that doesn’t mean you have to write it that way. Some people find it easy to write out their ideas by hand. Others prefer typing in a word processor where they can erase and rewrite as needed. Find the one that works best for you and stick with it.
View It as a Conversation
Writing is a form of communication, so think of your essay as a conversation between you and the reader. Think about your response to the source material and the topic. Decide what you want to tell the reader about the topic. Then, stay focused on your response as you write.
Provide the Context in the Introduction
If you look at an example of an essay introduction, you’ll see that the best essays give the reader a context. Think of how you introduce two people to each other. You share the details you think they will find most interesting. Do this in your essay by stating what it’s about and then telling readers what the issue is.
Explain What Needs to be Explained
Sometimes you have to explain concepts or define words to help the reader understand your viewpoint. You also have to explain the reasoning behind your ideas. For example, it’s not enough to write that your greatest achievement is running an ultra marathon. You might need to define ultra marathon and explain why finishing the race is such an accomplishment.
Answer All the Questions
After you finish writing the first draft of your essay, make sure you’ve answered all the questions you were supposed to answer. For example, essays in compare and contrast format should show the similarities and differences between ideas, objects or events. If you’re writing about a significant achievement, describe what you did and how it affected you.
Stay Focused as You Write
Writing requires concentration. Find a place where you have few distractions and give yourself time to write without interruptions. Don’t wait until the night before the essay is due to start working on it.
Read the Essay Aloud to Proofread
When you finish writing your essay, read it aloud. You can do this by yourself or ask someone to listen to you read it. You’ll notice places where the ideas don’t make sense, and your listener can give you feedback about your ideas.
Avoid Filling the Page with Words
A great essay does more than follow an essay layout. It has something to say. Sometimes students panic and write everything they know about a topic or summarize everything in the source material. Your job as a writer is to show why this information is important.
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Cause & effect essays Aka reason and result
The Cause and effect essay is another common essay type, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger essay which includes one or more paragraphs examining causes and effects. This page gives information on what a cause and effect essay is , how to structure this type of essay, and how to use cause and effect structure words (transition signals) for this type of essay. There is also an example cause and effect essay on the topic of women at work, as well as some exercises to help you practice this area.
What are cause & effect essays?
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A cause and effect essay looks at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discusses the results (or effects). For this reason, cause and effect essays are sometimes referred to as reason and result essays. They are one of the most common forms of organisation in academic writing. Sometimes the whole essay will be cause and effect, though sometimes this may be only part of the whole essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the causes or the effects, not both, are discussed. See the examples below.
- Discuss the causes and effects of global warming ['cause and effect' essay]
- Explain the high death rate in Chernobyl ['causes' only essay]
- Discuss the WTO and its effects on the Chinese economy ['effects' only essay]
There are two main ways to structure a cause and effect essay. These are similar to the ways to structure problem-solution essays , namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the causes are listed first, and all of the effects are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each cause is followed immediately by the effect. Usually that effect will then be the cause of the next effect, which is why this structure is called 'chain'. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any effects you present relate directly to the causes you have given.
The two types of structure, block and chain , are shown in the diagram below.
Cause and Effect Structure Words
Cause and effect structure words are transition signals which show the cause and effect relationships. It is important to be clear which is the cause (or reason) and which is the effect (or result), and to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first , and the effect happens later .
Below are some common cause and effect structure words. X is used to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate the effect.
- The first cause of (Y) is (X)
- The next reason is (X)
- Because of (X), (Y)
- As a result of (X), (Y)
- As a consequence of (X), (Y)
- because/since/as (X)
- to result from (X)
- (X) results in (Y)
- to be the result of (X)
- (Y) is due to (X)
- Owing to (X), (Y)
- (Y) is because of (X)
- (Y) is the effect of (X)
- (Y) is the consequence of (X)
- Worsening pollution levels in cities are due to the increased use of cars.
- Because of the increased use of cars, pollution levels in cities are worsening.
- As a result of the increased use of cars, pollution levels in cities are worsening.
- The effect of the increased use of cars is a worsening of pollution levels in cities.
- The first effect of (X) is (Y)
- Another result of (X) is (Y)
- As a result, (Y)
- As a consequence, (Y)
- Consequently (Y)
- Therefore, (Y)
- (X) causes (Y)
- (X) has an effect on (Y)
- (X) affects (Y)
- (X) is one of the causes of (Y)
- (X) is the reason for (Y)
- Cars are used increasingly for urban transport. As a consequence , pollution levels in cities are worsening.
- Increased use of cars for urban transport adversely affects pollution levels in cities.
- Increased use of cars for urban transport is one of the causes of worsening pollution levels in cities.
Below is a cause and effect essay. This essay uses the block structure . Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes to the right) to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.e. Causes, Effects, and structure words. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the causes and effects contained in the main body.
Title: More and more women are now going out to work and some women are now the major salary earner in the family. What are the causes of this, and what effect is this having on families and society?
In the past, most women stayed at home to take care of domestic chores such as cooking or cleaning. Women's liberation and feminism have meant that this situation has been transformed and in contemporary society women are playing an almost equal role to men in terms of work. This has had significant consequences , both in terms of the family , for example by improving quality of life and increasing children's sense of independence , and also for society itself with greater gender equality . The main reasons behind the increase of women in the workplace are women's liberation and feminism. The women's liberation movement originated in the 1960s and was popularised by authors such as Simone de Beauvoir. As a consequence of this, new legislation emerged, granting women equal rights to men in many fields, in particular employment. Because of feminist ideas, men have taken up roles which were previously seen as being for women only, most importantly those related to child rearing. As a result of this, women have more time to pursue their own careers and interests. These have led to some significant effects, both to family life and to society as a whole. Although the earning capacity of a woman in her lifetime is generally much less than that of a man, she can nevertheless make a significant contribution to the family income. The most important consequence of this is an improved quality of life. By helping to maintain a steady income for the family, the pressure on the husband is considerably reduced, hence improving both the husband's and the wife's emotional wellbeing. Additionally, the purchasing power of the family will also be raised. This means that the family can afford more luxuries such as foreign travel and a family car. A further effect on the family is the promotion of independence in the children. Some might argue that having both parents working might be damaging to the children because of a lack of parental attention. However, such children have to learn to look after themselves at an earlier age, and their parents often rely on them to help with the housework. This therefore teaches them important life skills. As regards society, the most significant impact of women going to work is greater gender equality. There are an increasing number of women who are becoming politicians, lawyers, and even CEOs and company managers. This in turn has led to greater equality for women in all areas of life, not just employment. For example, women today have much stronger legal rights to protect themselves against domestic violence and sexual discrimination in the workplace. In conclusion, the increasing number of women at work has brought about some important changes to family life, including improved quality of life and increased independence for children, as well as affecting society itself. It is clear that the sexes are still a long way from being equal in all areas of life, however, and perhaps the challenge for the present century is to ensure that this takes place.
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Below is a checklist for cause and effect essays. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.
Find out how to write problem-solution essays in the next section.
Go back to the previous section about compare & contrast essays .
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Author: Sheldon Smith ‖ Last modified: 16 January 2022.
Sheldon Smith is the founder and editor of EAPFoundation.com. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since 2004. Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter , Facebook and LinkedIn .
Compare & contrast essays examine the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences.
Cause & effect essays consider the reasons (or causes) for something, then discuss the results (or effects).
Discussion essays require you to examine both sides of a situation and to conclude by saying which side you favour.
Problem-solution essays are a sub-type of SPSE essays (Situation, Problem, Solution, Evaluation).
Transition signals are useful in achieving good cohesion and coherence in your writing.
Reporting verbs are used to link your in-text citations to the information cited.
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Stronger Essay Writing: Differentiating Between Reasons and Evidence
The word essay comes from the latin exigere , meaning “to ascertain,” or “to weigh.” It was used in the late 15th century as a verb, meaning “to test the quality of.” Writing in essay form certainly leads to these things: weighing of evidence, testing the quality of reasons, ascertaining the strength of an argument.
When we teach students to write heartfelt essays, we are teaching them that their opinions matter.
When we teach students to write clear essays, we are teaching them that the way they share their opinions matters.
There are common problems that students who are learning to write essays well encounter. Such as:
- Naming one clear idea as a thesis.
- Beginning with an introduction that sets up the structure of the essay.
- Gathering a variety of rich evidence.
- Organizing the evidence into like categories and in a way that best supports the essay’s argument.
- Differentiating between reasons and evidence.
It is this last issue that has become a theme in my instruction lately. I have noticed many students who name a clear thesis, but then somewhere in their first body paragraph they make a statement that goes something like this:
One reason that we should have homework is because I am too tired from a long day at school to have the energy to do my homework when I get home.
What this student has done is named an example rather than a reason. This common issue muddles the organization of the piece and weakens the argument. It can be difficult to recognize because there is so much that is great about what this student has done – he begins with a phrase to offset the reason, and he discusses what he feels is a reason his thesis is true.
Fortunately, this issue is often a quick fix with some targeted instruction. Here are ideas for instruction intended to help your students to strengthen and clarify their reasons and keep examples in their rightful place. This would work well as a minilesson, a small group, or a conference.
To prepare for this teaching, you need your own essay as an example. In my essay, the thesis is: Fish are the best pets. List three reasons why your thesis is true. Then, list examples to go with each reason. Enlarge all of these statements and cut them up separately. Place each reason and its accompanying examples in an envelope. Duplicate these if you are doing this lesson with more than three partnerships.
Below are the statements I used, both enlarged to be cut up for the lesson, and organized into my final version.
Fish Essay Statements
Fish Essay Statements Organized
Begin by asking students to talk with partners to brainstorm the parts of an essay. As they do this, listen in and record what they say on a chart. Doing this allows you not only to engage students, but also allows you to assess what they know about essay structure.
Create a very simple chart that looks something like this:
- NAME THESIS
Congratulate students on their knowledge of essay structure. Tell them that because they understand basic essay structure, they are ready for some fine-tuning.
NAME THE TEACHING POINT
Tell students that today, you want to teach them that essay writers make sure they have given clear reasons and examples.
TEACHING AND ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT
Tell students you are working on an essay and that you would like some help organizing it. Then, set them up to work with a partner. Give each partnership an envelope containing the reasons and examples for one of your body paragraphs. Then, ask them to sort the statements by choosing one statement to be the reason, and the others to be pieces of evidence.
Coach students as they sort, and when they are finished, share with them the final organization (see document two, above). Remind them the purposes and characteristics of reasons (explain why the thesis is true, concise, universal), and the purposes and characteristics of evidence (explains the reason, often personal, often stories, often detailed).
Next, guide students to try this in their own writing. Ask them to first find a place where they may have named an example rather than a reason. Then, guide them to rework their writing according to what they have learned. Coach them as they work. Make sure your essay is available for them to use as an example.
Ask students to show their partner a place where they revised their writing based on what you talked about today. Remind them to check their reasons and evidence each time they write an essay.
Note: I dedicate this post, as I dedicate so much of my teaching practice, to Kathleen Tolan. Kathleen was a mentor, a leader, a friend. She was the best of the best in this field. Her loss is staggering, and will be felt far and wide and for a long time to come. Our thoughts at Two Writing Teachers are with Kathleen’s family and her colleagues at The Reading and Writing Project.
Published by Anna Gratz Cockerille
Anna is a staff developer, literacy coach, and writer, based in New York City. She taught internationally in places such as Sydney, Australia; San Pedro Sula, Honduras, and Auckland, New Zealand in addition to New York before becoming a staff developer for the Teachers College Reading and Writing Project at Columbia University (TCRWP). She has been an adjunct instructor in the Literacy Specialist Program at Teachers College, and teaches at TCRWP where she helps participants bring strong literacy instruction into their classrooms. Anna recently co-wrote Bringing History to Life with Lucy Calkins, part of the 2013 series Units of Study in Opinion, Information, and Narrative Writing (Heinemann). She has been a researcher for Lucy Calkins, contributing especially to Pathways to the Common Core (Heinemann, 2012) and Navigating Nonfiction (Heinemann, 2010). View all posts by Anna Gratz Cockerille
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How to Write ‘Causes (Reasons) and Effects’ Type of Essay in IELTS Writing Task 2
In “causes and effects” type of essay, IELTS examiners want you to discuss the causes or reasons of the problem in one paragraph.The likely effects of that problem in the second paragraph separately. Therefore, it is important that you find out relevant points of causes (reasons) and effects for IELTS Writing . Please note that in this question, you should not make any paragraph about solutions.
Let’s look at an example:
Obesity in children is a serious problem in a number of countries..
What are the causes of obesity in children?
Discuss the possible alarming effects of this problem in the future.
With this type of essay, you have two points to be discussed: 1. Causes of obesity in children in developed countries.
2. Effects of obesity in the future in developed countries.
You must discuss both of them by giving reasons and support them with examples.
If you do not discuss any of the above two points in the essay, you will lose marks.
So, in this type of essay, you must explain both the points.
How to structure it?
The essay can be structured mainly in 4 paragraphs as follows:
Causes & Reasons
Further structuring of the paragraphs can be done as follows:
Paraphrase the Question
Outline the sentence
b. -Body Paragraph 1 (Causes (reasons))
State the cause (reason)
Explain how it is the cause (reason)
Write an example
State the likely effect
Explain how this can be the possible effect
Sentence 1- Write summary of the main points Here, Four paragraphs are sufficient to explain your point of view. So,You may use any other structure you are comfortable with.This structure is approved by the IELTS examiners to help the students write in an effective and cohesive manner.
Also, You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Here, Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Here, Over the past few years, developed countries have encountered various cases of children suffering from the problem of obesity. This essay will discuss the possible causes for this increasing problem among children and also suggests the possible consequences that may result in case of negligence.
Furthermore, To embark upon, one of the main causes of obesity among children is poor diet as they are often seen eating junk food. At almost every corner of the street, one can found restaurants offering mouth tempting fast foods. Kids at home also are found to eat processed food because their parents do not find sufficient time for preparing the food. For example, packaged foods are purchased and kept in fridge for days. This food is not fresh and healthy. Hence affects their health, leading to build up of fat and compromising their fitness.
As a result, there are many possible consequences faced by the children. One such ill-effect is the risk of developing health related severe diseases like diabetes. So,This kind of debilitating illness implies that the child would need to be injected with insulin for the whole life. Moreover, overweight children are often found to be bullied . For example, many overweight kids are found disturbed facing the negative stigma of being obese
Here,On the whole, it is evident that there are various causes responsible for obesity among children and can lead to serious consequences in the future. Also, It is the duty of their parents and relatives to ensure that appropriate steps are taken to prevent this problem from getting worst in the future.
Vocabulary and Phrases:
Useful vocabulary for causes (reasons).
- One of the causes/The reason is that
- Due to this/Because of/Owing to/Lead to
- As a result/Lead to the problem/Can attribute to
Useful vocabulary for Effects
- Consequence of/As a result of/Because of/Due to
- Risk of/Leading to
Write an essay of about 250 words on the following topics. Use the vocabulary mentioned above. 1. Also,There are a number of skin-whitening products available in the market. State the reasons why people are using these products? Discuss the possible negative outcomes of using these products.
2. Here,With the advancement of technology, social interaction among people has affected to a greater extent. What are the reasons of reduced social interaction? Suggest whether this would lead to a positive or negative effect in the future.
3. So,Almost everybody nowadays is found using personal vehicle for travelling purpose. What are the reasons of this increasing trend? Explain what negative outcomes may be faced in the society due to this.
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How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Properly
Did you know that the butterfly effect, a concept from chaos theory, suggests that the flap of a butterfly's wings in Brazil could set off a tornado in Texas? While this idea may seem whimsical, it underscores the profound interconnectedness of events in our world. In much the same way, crafting a cause and effect essay is about tracing these interconnected threads, connecting dots, and revealing the hidden relationships that shape our experiences.
How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay: Short Description
In this detailed guide, our paper writing service experts will take a close look at the intriguing concept of causality and provide you with practical advice for crafting excellent cause and effect essay examples. These essays won't just give information but will also leave a lasting impression on your readers. Whether you're exploring the realms of science or examining the complexities of our society, join us on this journey as we reveal the key elements for mastering a compelling structure of a cause and effect essay.
Cause and Effect Definition in Essays
What is a cause and effect essay? To truly understand this fundamental concept, we must delve deeper into the intricate web of interconnections that shape our world, all while honing our critical thinking skills. At its core, cause, and effect encapsulates the idea that every action, event, or phenomenon is not isolated but rather part of a vast network of relationships, where each element exerts its influence, creating a ripple effect that resonates through time and space.
To define cause and effect, we must go beyond recognizing simple relationships, as it involves deciphering the subtle mechanisms that drive these connections. It's akin to peering beneath the surface of a calm pond and discovering the currents that stir beneath. In essence, it's the exploration of why things happen and the exploration of the repercussions that follow.
Imagine a stone cast into that tranquil pond: the cause. As it strikes the water's surface, it sends ripples outward, affecting the entire pond. The expanding ripples symbolize the effect, demonstrating how a single action can set off a chain reaction, altering the course of events. This is the essence of causality—a perpetual dance of actions and reactions where nothing occurs in isolation.
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How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay with Easy Steps
Crafting compelling cause and effect paragraph examples involves a systematic approach. Follow these ten valuable steps to navigate the intricacies of writing a thought-provoking essay that explores the web of causality.
1. Select a Focused Topic
- Choose a specific cause and effect relationship that piques your interest.
2. Dig for Causal Links
- Research thoroughly to uncover hidden connections and evidence.
3. Create a Clear Thesis
- Craft a precise thesis statement to guide your essay's direction.
4. Organize Chronologically
- Structure your essay in a logical, time-based order for clarity.
5. Utilize Transition Words
- Employ transitional phrases for smooth transitions between causes and effects.
6. Support with Evidence
- Back your claims with credible data, examples, and statistics.
7. Show Chain Reactions
- Reveal how one cause can trigger multiple effects, and vice versa.
8. Analyze Root Causes
- Go beyond surface-level explanations to explore underlying factors.
9. Consider Alternative Causes
- Address counterarguments to strengthen your essay's credibility.
10. Conclude with Impact
- Summarize key points and emphasize the broader significance of your analysis.
Cause and Effect Essay Structure: 2 Common Types
When organizing your essay, you have various structural approaches at your disposal. Let's explore two commonly used types of a cause and effect essay structure:
- Block Structure
The block structure is a straightforward and organized way to present the causes and effects in a cause and effect essay. In this approach, you first dedicate one section to discussing all the causes, including multiple causes within each category, and then another section to explore all the effects. This clear separation provides a distinct and easily digestible presentation of your ideas.
When employing the block structure, you can delve deeply into each category, thoroughly examining the causes and effects separately. This approach is particularly useful when you want to offer in-depth analysis and emphasize the significance of each aspect of the causal relationship. It allows your readers to grasp the full scope of each element before moving on to the next.
- Chain Structure
In contrast, the chain structure in cause and effect essays emphasizes the interconnected nature of events and their ripple effects. This approach showcases how one cause leads to a specific effect, which then becomes the cause of subsequent effects in a continuous chain. It's a powerful way to illustrate the complexity and depth of causal relationships.
The chain structure can be particularly effective when you want to emphasize the sequence of events or when you're dealing with intricate cause-and-effect scenarios. It allows you to demonstrate how actions set off a series of reactions, highlighting the domino effect that ultimately leads to a particular outcome.
Regardless of the structural style you choose, if you require assistance with your academic paper, reach out to us with your ' write my paper for me ' request. Our experienced team is ready to tailor your paper to your specific requirements and ensure its excellence.
Cause and Effect Essay Outline
Creating an effective cause and effect essay begins with a well-structured outline. This roadmap helps you organize your thoughts, maintain a logical flow, and ensure that your essay effectively conveys the causal relationships between events. Below, we'll outline the key components of the essay along with examples:
- Hook: Start with an engaging statement or fact. Example: 'Did you know that stress can significantly impact your overall health?'
- Background Information: Provide context for your topic. Example: 'In today's fast-paced world, stress has become an increasingly prevalent issue.'
- Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main cause and its corresponding effects. Example: 'This essay will explore the causes of stress and their profound negative effects on physical and mental health.'
II. Body Paragraphs
- Topic Sentence: Introduce the first cause you'll discuss. Example: 'One major cause of stress is heavy workload.'
- Supporting Details: Provide evidence and examples to support the cause. Example: 'For instance, individuals juggling multiple job responsibilities and tight deadlines often experience heightened stress levels.'
- Transition: Link to the next cause or move on to the effects.
- Topic Sentence: Introduce the first effect. Example: 'The effects of chronic stress on physical health can be devastating.'
- Supporting Details: Present data or examples illustrating the impact. Example: 'Studies have shown that prolonged stress can lead to cardiovascular problems, including hypertension and heart disease.'
- Transition: Connect to the next effect or cause.
C. Causes (Continued)
- Topic Sentence: Introduce the next cause in a new cause and effect paragraph. Example: 'Another significant cause of stress is financial strain.'
- Supporting Details: Explain how this cause manifests and its implications. Example: 'Financial instability often results in anxiety, as individuals worry about bills, debts, and their financial future.'
- Transition: Prepare to discuss the corresponding effects.
D. Effects (Continued)
- Topic Sentence: Discuss the effects related to financial strain. Example: 'The psychological effects of financial stress can be profound.'
- Supporting Details: Offer real-life examples or psychological insights. Example: 'Depression and anxiety are common consequences of constant financial worries, affecting both mental well-being and daily life.'
- Restate Thesis: Summarize the main cause and effects. Example: 'In summary, the heavy workload and financial strain can lead to stress, impacting both physical and mental health.'
- Closing Thoughts: Reflect on the broader significance of your analysis. Example: 'Understanding these causal relationships emphasizes the importance of stress management and financial planning in maintaining a balanced and healthy life.'
Cause and Effect Essay Examples
To help you grasp cause and effect essay writing with clarity, we have prepared two distinct essay examples that will guide you through the intricacies of both block and chain structures. Additionally, should you ever find yourself requiring assistance with academic writing or descriptive essays examples , simply send us your ' write my research paper ' request. Our expert writers are here to provide the support you need!
Cause and Effect Essay Topics
Selecting the right topic involves recognizing cause and effect key words that can serve as a gateway to crafting an engaging and impactful essay. In this section, we present 10 unique and thought-provoking topics that offer you the opportunity to explore fascinating relationships and their profound consequences:
- The Impact of Sleep Deprivation on Decision-Making : Explore how a lack of sleep influences our ability to make sound decisions and its effects on daily life.
- The Effect of Fast Fashion on Environmental Degradation : Investigate how the fast fashion industry's practices contribute to environmental pollution and resource depletion.
- The Link Between Childhood Imagination and Creative Problem-Solving in Adulthood : Analyze how childhood imaginative play influences an individual's problem-solving skills in later life.
- The Causal Relationship Between Smartphone Dependency and Decreased Face-to-Face Communication : Examine how excessive smartphone use affects interpersonal relationships and face-to-face communication.
- The Effects of Food Additives on Human Health : Delve into the health consequences of common food additives and preservatives in our diets.
- The Influence of Art Education on Academic Performance : Investigate whether participation in art programs positively impacts students' overall academic achievements.
- The Butterfly Effect in Global Economics : Explore how a seemingly minor economic event in one country can have widespread international economic repercussions.
- The Connection Between Early Exposure to Nature and Environmental Stewardship : Analyze how childhood experiences in nature influence an individual's commitment to environmental conservation.
- The Impact of Music on Mood and Emotional Well-being : Examine how different types of music can affect our emotional states and overall mental health.
- The Ripple Effect of Positive Acts of Kindness : Investigate how small acts of kindness can lead to a chain reaction of positivity in society.
In conclusion, a firm grasp of the cause and effect essay definition, along with mastery of the writing process, empowers you to systematically reveal the complex web of causality in diverse subjects. With this step-by-step guide, you are not only equipped to inform, engage, and inspire your readers but also adept at navigating the art of structured and impactful storytelling. If you prefer a reaction paper example , rest assured we have you covered as well. So, seize this opportunity, put your thoughts on paper logically, and witness your essays leaving a lasting and influential mark.
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How to Write a Paragraph Developed With Reasons
A Sample Paragraph Using "The Bogeyman" as an Example
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- English Grammar
- Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia
- M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester
- B.A., English, State University of New York
College writing assignments often call on students to explain why : Why did a certain event in history take place? Why does an experiment in biology produce a particular result? Why do people behave the way they do? This last question was the starting point for "Why Do We Threaten Children With the Bogeyman?" — a student's paragraph developed with reasons.
Notice that the paragraph below begins with a quotation meant to grab the reader's attention: "You better stop wetting your bed, or else the bogeyman is going to get you." The quotation is followed by a general observation that leads to the topic sentence of the paragraph: "There are several reasons why young children are so often threatened with a visit from the mysterious and terrifying bogeyman." The rest of the paragraph supports this topic sentence with three distinct reasons.
Example Paragraph Developed with Reasons
As you read the student's paragraph, see if you can identify the ways in which she guides the reader from one reason to the next.
Why Do We Threaten Children With the Bogeyman? "You better stop wetting your bed, or else the bogeyman is going to get you." Most of us probably remember a threat like this one being delivered at one time or another by a parent, babysitter, or older brother or sister. There are several reasons why young children are so often threatened with a visit from the mysterious and terrifying bogeyman. One reason is simply habit and tradition. The myth of the bogeyman is handed down from generation to generation, like the tale of the Easter Bunny or the tooth fairy. Another reason is the need to discipline. How much easier it is to frighten a child into good behavior than to explain to her just why she should be good. A more sinister reason is the perverse delight some people get out of scaring others. Older brothers and sisters, in particular, seem to thoroughly enjoy driving youngsters to tears with stories of the bogeyman in the closet or the bogeyman under the bed. In short , the bogeyman is a convenient myth that will probably be used to haunt children (and sometimes actually cause them to wet their beds) for a long time to come.
The three phrases in italics are sometimes called reason and addition signals : transitional expressions that guide the reader from one point in a paragraph to the next. Notice how the writer begins with the simplest or least serious reason, moves to "another reason," and finally shifts to "a more sinister reason." This pattern of moving from least important to most important gives the paragraph a clear sense of purpose and direction as it builds toward a logical conclusion (which links back to the quotation in the opening sentence).
Reason and Addition Signals or Transitional Expressions
Here are some other reason and addition signals:
- a more important reason
- in addition
- for this reason
- in the first place, in the second place
- more importantly, most importantly
- to begin with
These signals help to ensure cohesion in paragraphs and essays, thus making our writing easier for readers to follow and understand.
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How To Write A Cause And Effect Essay: Topics, Structure, Examples
If you're a student, chances are you'll encounter a cause and effect essay during your studies. This type of essay is all about exploring the relationship between a specific event (the cause) and its outcomes (the effects). But don't worry, we've got you covered with this easy-to-follow guide that breaks down everything you need to know about what is cause and effect essay and the steps for writing it. So get set to dive into the fascinating world of cause and effect as we equip you with the skills to ace this writing task like a pro!
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What is a Cause and Effect Essay: Unique Characteristics from Other Essays
A cause and effect essay is a unique type of essay that focuses on examining the reasons (causes) behind an event or phenomenon and the resulting consequences (effects) that occur as a result. What sets it apart from other essays is its emphasis on establishing a clear cause-and-effect relationship between two or more variables.
In a cause and effect essay, the writer analyzes and explains the connections between the causes and effects, providing evidence and supporting details to illustrate the relationship. This type of essay requires critical thinking, logical reasoning, and a structured approach to present the causal chain effectively.
Unlike descriptive or narrative essays that focus on storytelling or presenting facts, cause and effect essays delve into the underlying causes and explore the outcomes, aiming to inform and educate the reader about the relationships between different factors.
Different Types of Cause and Effect Essay Structure
A cause and effect essay is a type of academic writing that explores the reasons (causes) and outcomes (effects) of a particular event, situation, or phenomenon. It aims to analyze the relationship between these causes and effects, providing a comprehensive understanding of how one factor leads to another. When structuring a cause and effect essay, there are several approaches you can take. Here are three common types of cause and effect essay structure from our write my essay experts:
- Block Structure:
- Introduction: Introduce the topic and provide background information.
- Body Paragraph 1: Present the causes and their supporting details.
- Body Paragraph 2: Discuss the effects and provide evidence or examples.
- Conclusion: Summarize the main points and emphasize the overall significance.
- Chain Structure:
- Introduction: Introduce the topic and its importance.
- Body Paragraphs: Each paragraph focuses on a specific cause and its subsequent effects, forming a chain-like progression.
- Cause 1: Explain the first cause and its effects.
- Cause 2: Describe the second cause and its effects, which may also include the effects of Cause 1.
- Cause 3: Discuss the third cause and its effects, which may include the effects of Causes 1 and 2.
Continue this pattern for additional causes if necessary.
- Conclusion: Summarize the main causes and effects, highlighting their interconnections.
- Causal Chain Structure:
- Introduction: Introduce the topic and provide context.
- Body Paragraphs: Each paragraph focuses on a specific cause and effect, examining the relationships between them.
- Cause 1: Explain the first cause and its immediate effect(s).
- Cause 2: Discuss the second cause, which is triggered by the effect(s) of Cause 1 and its subsequent effect(s).
- Cause 3: Describe the third cause, influenced by the effect(s) of Cause 2 and its further effect(s).
Continue this pattern for additional causes and effects.
- Conclusion: Summarize the causal chain, emphasizing the overall significance and potential long-term effects.
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Cause and Effect Essay Outline
A. Explanation of cause and effect essays
B. Hook: 'Have you ever wondered how excessive screen time affects academic performance?'
C. Thesis statement: Excessive screen time negatively impacts academic performance due to decreased focus, impaired cognitive abilities, and reduced study time.
II. Body Paragraph 1: Cause 1 - Decreased Focus
A. Topic sentence: Excessive screen time leads to decreased focus.
B. Explanation: Constant exposure to screens can overstimulate the brain and make it harder to concentrate on academic tasks.
C. Example: Studies have shown that students who spend excessive time on electronic devices during study sessions often struggle to maintain their focus, leading to reduced productivity and lower academic performance.
III. Body Paragraph 2: Cause 2 - Impaired Cognitive Abilities
A. Topic sentence: Excessive screen time impairs cognitive abilities.
B. Explanation: Prolonged screen usage can negatively impact cognitive functions such as memory, attention, and critical thinking skills.
C. Example: Research has indicated that excessive screen time, particularly in the form of video games or social media, can hinder the development of cognitive abilities, making it more difficult for students to comprehend complex concepts and retain information.
IV. Body Paragraph 3: Cause 3 - Reduced Study Time
A. Topic sentence: Excessive screen time reduces the amount of time dedicated to studying.
B. Explanation: The allure of screens can distract students and tempt them away from their academic responsibilities.
C. Example: A study conducted at XYZ University found that students who spent more time on social media or streaming platforms were more likely to allocate less time to study, resulting in poor performance on exams and assignments.
A. Restate the thesis statement: Excessive screen time has a detrimental effect on academic performance due to decreased focus, impaired cognitive abilities, and reduced study time.
B. Recap the main points discussed in each body paragraph.
C. Final thoughts: Encourage students to manage their screen time wisely to optimize their academic success.
10 Cause and Effect Essay Topics
If you are struggling to come up with a topic for your essay, consider one of these ten great cause and effect essay ideas below. Feel free to also hit us up with your ' write essay for me ' request for a professionally crafted paper on your chosen topic.
Discuss the Effects of Social Media on Face-to-Face Communication
Social media has become a ubiquitous part of modern society, with platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram connecting people from all over the world. However, as social media usage has increased, so has concern over its impact on face-to-face communication. Some argue that social media has made it easier for people to stay in touch with friends and family, regardless of distance. Others worry that social media has led to a decline in the quality of face-to-face interactions, with people spending more time on their phones than engaging with those around them. This topic is ripe for exploration and analysis.
Analyze the Reasons Behind the Increased Use of Smartphones by Children
Smartphones have become a ubiquitous part of modern life, with people of all ages relying on them for communication, entertainment, and information. However, there has been a recent trend of children using smartphones at increasingly young ages. Some argue that smartphones can be a valuable tool for education and communication, while others worry that they can be addictive and harmful to children's development. This topic is worth exploring in depth, with a focus on the factors that have led to this trend and its potential long-term effects.
Explore the Impacts of Climate Change on the Natural Environment
Climate change is one of the most pressing issues facing the world today, with rising temperatures, sea levels, and extreme weather events all having profound impacts on the natural environment. This topic is complex and multifaceted, with a range of potential causes and effects to explore. Some of the key areas to consider might include the impact of climate change on ecosystems, wildlife, and natural resources, as well as the potential long-term consequences for human societies.
Investigate the Effects of Pollution on Human Health
Pollution is a major problem in many parts of the world, with air, water, and soil pollution all having serious consequences for human health. This topic is worth exploring in depth, with a focus on the specific ways in which pollution can impact different aspects of human health, including respiratory health, cardiovascular health, and mental health. Some of the key factors to consider might include the impact of pollution on vulnerable populations, such as children and the elderly, as well as potential strategies for prevention and mitigation.
Discuss How Social Isolation Can Lead to Mental Health Issues
Social isolation is a growing problem in many parts of the world, with people of all ages and backgrounds feeling increasingly disconnected from their communities and social networks. This topic is worth exploring in depth, with a focus on the specific ways in which social isolation can impact mental health. Some of the key areas to consider might include the impact of social isolation on depression, anxiety, and other mental health disorders, as well as potential strategies for prevention and treatment.
Analyze the Reasons Behind the Rise of Populism in Politics
Populism has become an increasingly prominent force in politics in recent years, with populist politicians and movements gaining ground in many parts of the world. This topic is complex and multifaceted, with a range of potential causes and effects to explore. Some of the key areas to consider might include the impact of economic inequality, globalization, and cultural change on the rise of populism, as well as potential strategies for addressing this trend.
Explore the Impacts of the Internet on the Traditional Media Industry
The internet has had a profound impact on the media industry, with traditional forms of media such as newspapers, television, and radio facing increasing competition from online sources. This topic is worth exploring in depth, with a focus on the specific ways in which the internet has disrupted traditional media models. Some of the key areas to consider might include the impact of social media on news consumption, the rise of citizen journalism, and the challenges facing traditional media outlets in the digital age.
Examine the Factors that Lead to the Growth of Online Shopping
Online shopping has become an increasingly popular way for people to purchase goods and services, with e-commerce platforms like Amazon and eBay dominating the retail landscape. This topic is worth exploring in depth, with a focus on the specific factors that have contributed to the growth of online shopping. Some of the key areas to consider might include the impact of convenience and accessibility, the rise of mobile devices, and the changing demographics of consumers.
Investigate the Effects of Globalization on Local Industries
Globalization has had a profound impact on the world economy, with goods, services, and capital flowing more freely across borders than ever before. This topic is worth exploring in depth, with a focus on the specific ways in which globalization has affected local industries. Some of the key areas to consider might include the impact of outsourcing and offshoring on employment, the role of multinational corporations in shaping local economies, and the potential benefits and drawbacks of globalization for different regions of the world.
Analyze The Impact of Social Media on Sleep Quality
Analyzing the impact of social media on sleep quality requires examining various factors related to social media usage and its effects on sleep patterns. Investigate the correlation between the amount of time individuals spend on social media platforms and their sleep quality. Excessive use of social media may lead to delayed bedtime, shorter sleep duration, or disrupted sleep. You can also explore the impact of blue light emitted by electronic devices, including smartphones and tablets, which are commonly used for social media browsing.
How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay: Step-by-Step Guide
In this section, we will unravel the essential elements of how to write a cause and effect essay, equipping you with the tips to present a logical and well-supported argument.
Step 1: Choose a Topic
The first step in writing a great cause and effect examples essay is choosing the right topic. Consider something that interests you and is relevant to your academic field. The cause and effect essay topics should also be specific enough to allow for in-depth analysis in your assignment.
Step 2: Conduct Research
Once you have identified your topic, it is important to do extensive research to gather sufficient information to support your arguments. Use scholarly sources such as academic journals, books, or reputable websites to do your research.
Step 3: Develop a Thesis Statement
The thesis statement is the core idea of your essay and should be presented in the opening paragraph. It is a single sentence that clearly states the cause and effect relationship you will be discussing in the essay. A well-crafted thesis statement is critical to the success of your essay.
Step 4: Create an Outline
Creating a cause and effect essay outline is a crucial element of the writing process. It helps in organizing your thoughts and providing a clear structure for your essay. Divide your essay into an introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.
Step 5: Write the Introduction
The introduction is the first paragraph of your essay, and it should catch the reader's attention and provide background information on the topic at hand. The introduction should also include the thesis statement.
Step 6: Write the Body Paragraphs
The body paragraphs should discuss the causes and effects of the event or topic at hand. Each paragraph should discuss one specific cause or effect followed by supporting evidence from your research.
Step 7: Write the Conclusion
The cause and effect essay conclusion should restate the thesis statement and provide a summary of your arguments. It should also demonstrate the relationship between the various causes and effects you have discussed.
Step 8: Proofread and Edit
The final step is to proofread and edit your essay. Ensure that your grammar, spelling, and punctuation are all correct and that your ideas are presented in a clear and concise manner.
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Cause and Effect Essay Examples
DoMyEssay professional writers have meticulously crafted a sample essay that delves into the cause and effect relationship between air pollution on human health.
Title: The Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health
Air pollution is a prevalent issue that has detrimental effects on human health. This essay will explore the multiple causes and consequences of air pollution, highlighting the interconnectedness between environmental factors and public well-being.
The primary cause of air pollution is industrial emissions. Factories and power plants release harmful pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter, into the atmosphere. These pollutants contribute to the formation of smog, which can be inhaled by individuals, leading to respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis, and lung cancer. Furthermore, vehicular emissions also contribute significantly to air pollution, particularly in urban areas with heavy traffic congestion.
The effects of air pollution on human health are alarming. Prolonged exposure to polluted air can cause respiratory diseases, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Studies have also linked air pollution to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes. Additionally, children and the elderly are more susceptible to the harmful effects of air pollution, as their immune systems are less robust.
Moreover, air pollution has broader societal consequences. It contributes to the degradation of ecosystems, reduces crop yields, and harms biodiversity. It also poses economic burdens by increasing healthcare costs and decreasing productivity due to illnesses and absenteeism.
In conclusion, air pollution has far-reaching effects on human health and the environment. The causes, including industrial emissions and vehicular pollution, directly impact the quality of the air we breathe. The consequences, such as respiratory diseases and cardiovascular problems, highlight the urgent need for measures to mitigate and control air pollution. Efforts to reduce emissions, promote cleaner technologies, and raise public awareness are crucial steps toward safeguarding human health and preserving the environment for future generations.
A Final Perspective
In our exploration of cause and effect essays, we've covered all the essentials. We've defined what is a cause and effect essay, delved into good cause and effect essay topics, and taken a closer look at its structure.
Now, here's the deal: if you put in the time and effort to prepare, your professor will definitely notice and give you the grade you deserve. But hey, we get it! Sometimes these tasks can be confusing and eat up all your time. If that's the case, no worries! You can easily hire our professional essay writers to lend a hand. Just say the magic words, ' Do my essay for me ,' and enjoy some well-deserved free time without the stress of assignments.