write an expository essay discussing any one of the following topics

Quick and Easy Guide on How to Write an Expository Essay

write an expository essay discussing any one of the following topics

Understanding What Is an Expository Essay

If you clicked on this article, then you must have recently been assigned an expository essay homework. There is also a possibility that you are here because you enjoy exploring different ideas and concepts rather than solely scratching the surface. Well, that explains why you decided to research more about expository essay writing. We won't leave you hanging, so let's delve right into the expository essay definition.

It's only reasonable to first give you a clear explanation of what is an expository essay and what this kind of paper tries to accomplish. Simply put, an expository essay presents information on a topic. It explains something about a situation, person, idea, or occurrence and communicates knowledge about it to the reader. It does not attempt to persuade the reader of a certain point of view or present a convincing case. An expository essay depends on facts rather than personal opinion since it aims to inform the reader about a subject.

Expository writing involves anything from sharing your day to outlining a job assignment. Therefore it wouldn't be unfair to say that it is the most popular type of writing in the world.

Expository Essay Topics

Speaking of the above, there must be plenty of options to write your expository paper on, right? You're correct! But one needs a properly worded title that would make great expository essay topics. That's why our research paper service covered some interesting areas below. You can browse myriads of choices and find one that is just right for your endeavor!

Expository Essay Topics About Education

  • School Dress Codes: A Physical And Mental Stress
  • The Idea Of Free Higher Education
  • The Issue With High School Massacres
  • The Importance of College Success
  • STEM versus STEAM educational approaches
  • How literate people differ from uneducated ones
  • The advantages of studying foreign languages.
  • What changes should be made to the educational system in your nation?
  • Does 'educated' have the same connotation as 'smart'?
  • Can someone receive a top-notch education at home?

Expository Essay Topics About Mental Health

  • Is it true that music impacts our mental and physical health?
  • Are acts of heroism and patriotic acts typical in terms of mental health?
  • Is there a need to increase mental health benefits under health insurance?
  • Comparatively speaking, does the American mental health system lag behind other nations?
  • Effects of mental health law
  • The connection between antisocial personality disorder and parenting methods
  • Learning-disabled kids can benefit greatly from school programs.
  • How social anxiety is influenced by digital communication
  • Patients with mental illness receiving physical care
  • Issues with mental health and grief therapy

Expository Essay Topics About Society

  • Advertisements seen via the lens of social science.
  • Prejudices towards African Americans.
  • The social implications of feminism.
  • Global refugee crisis.
  • Constructing a wall to separate Mexico and the US.
  • The psychology of implicit racial prejudice and discrimination
  • The effects of racism at work on the economy and mind.
  • Gender roles in society: shifting perspectives and effects on families.
  • Who was responsible for the cost of the War on Terror?
  • Is peace education receiving enough attention from society?

Expository Essay Topics About Politics

  • The connection between politics and religion
  • What are the pros and drawbacks of democracy?
  • How powerful are NGOs?
  • What are the UN's primary responsibilities?
  • What are the disadvantages of not having a state?
  • Has the US soured relations with its European allies?
  • What does the Human Development Index mean?
  • Celebrity Influence in political campaigning
  • What objectives does the anti-globalization movement seek to achieve?

How to Write an Expository Essay with an Expository Essay Outline

Outlining is one of the most vital steps for knowing how to write an expository essay. Many believe that creating an outline is a waste of time, but in reality, the more complete your expository essay plan is, the fewer hours you will have to devote to research and writing. An expository essay outline divides each paragraph of the essay into various components. By doing so, you may divide a more complex activity into more manageable components and better understand how various pieces of information will work together. Let's go through each section of the expository essay format prepared by our writer.

expository essay outline

I. Introduction

So, how to start expository essay on a strong note? Consider opening with a bold claim that is related to your topic. After that, go on to briefly describe your subject's significance. Finally, make a statement about your essay's core thesis or objective.

  • Background information
  • Thesis statement

II. Body Paragraphs

In your first body paragraph. introduce the first major point that backs up your primary statement. Then, support your claim with instances or facts, and then explain how these examples or evidence link to your thesis and support your core notion. Remember to include a transitional sentence that relates to the following paragraph.

If you follow a five paragraph essay format, then feel free to develop three body paragraphs with the similar order.

  • Topic sentence

III. Conclusion

In your concluding paragraph, try restating your thesis statement in a different way to successfully conclude your work. Then put your essay's essential ideas in a brief summary before concluding with a powerful remark that will stay with your readers.

  • Restate thesis
  • Closing sentence

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How to Write an Expository Essay

Even though you now know a lot about the expository essay format, there are other things to keep in mind as well. In this section, we'll go over the specific steps you should take when figuring out how to write an expository essay.

Brainstorming Ideas

The absolute first thing you should do when given an expository essay assignment is to carefully go over the guidelines. Make sure you completely understand what is required of you. If it is for class, you may be limited to certain topics and word counts, there may be restrictions on the quality of sources you can use, etc. You might write an incredible essay but get a low grade because you missed out on some small restriction or guideline.

Once you know exactly what you are supposed to do, it's time to think about different concepts you would like to explain. Make sure you are aware of the different types of expository essays so that when you brainstorm topics you have a tentative idea of what type of expository essay would be best suited for that topic.

Think about what has been covered in class, what the teacher might expect, and what you find interesting to try and come up with a list of topics. Do a little bit of research on each topic to figure out whether you can easily find reputable sources and to gain a further understanding of the topic. After keeping all these things in mind, you should end up with an expository essay topic that is appropriate, engaging, and high-scoring.

Fill Up an Outline

Once you have zeroed in on a topic it's time to do research. One of the best ways to plan your writing is to use an expository essay outline to organize interesting information. While conducting research focus on the body paragraphs rather than on the introduction or conclusion. Think about three main ways you can explain the topic and put information that fits into those subtopics under the appropriate body paragraphs.

While conducting research and filling out an outline, think about potential thesis statements. Coming up with a thesis statement too early will restrict your research, so it is better to develop a thesis statement as you find out more and more information. That being said, by the end of the planning stage you should have a finalized thesis statement

Planning out your essay beforehand will give direction to your research, cut down on the amount of time you spend on the assignment, improve the overall flow of the final essay, and make the actual writing process much easier.

Write the First Draft

Now is the time to translate your outline into full sentences. It is often useful to leave the writing of the introduction till the end because after writing the body paragraphs you will have a better idea of what to say in an introduction, but make sure that you write down your thesis statement.

Use the information you have found to create a cohesive analysis of the topic in each body paragraph. Make sure that the information you present is on topic and connects to the other facts around it. Think about what the purpose of each body paragraph is and question whether the information you are presenting fits that purpose or not. Make sure to use transition words within the paragraph and use transition sentences between paragraphs to improve overall comprehensibility and flow.

Finalize Your Draft

Go over the first draft of the essay and focus on whether the different paragraphs make sense or not. Don't be afraid to reorganize sections or completely get rid of some pieces of information. As you write your draft, new ways of expressing the information can come to mind that will make the overall essay more powerful.

Make sure that you are not trying to make a persuasive argument and that you are using facts rather than opinions as evidence.

Go over each sentence to make sure that it is clear and that it fits the purpose of the paragraph it is in. Look at the information you have included and make sure that it is useful and enhances understanding of the topic. It is better to have less information than more if the information is distracting or does not add anything to the essay.

Try and read the paper as if it is the first time you are coming across the topic to see if it makes sense or not. Congratulations, you are just one step away from being able to submit an expository essay!

Editing and Proofreading

Go over the final draft of your essay and check for formatting errors, grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, etc and make sure that it complies with all the guidelines of the assignment. Finally, ask a friend or relative to go over the paper to do the last check. If you feel like you still need to make a lot of changes, don't be disheartened, spend the extra time to make the changes or reach out to expository essay writing service .

Expository Essay Examples

One of the best ways to learn how to write an expository essay is to look at an expository essay example. Looking at expository essay examples can give you a deeper understanding of what is expected as well as how to write an essay that flows well. Make sure that you use any examples you find as inspiration rather than a place to directly source information or text!

Expository Essay Example

The shift from traditional to current methods in treating diseases has improved the quality of many services, products, and processes. However, many regions worldwide are still applying traditional medicines (Stefanov et al., 2020). Therefore, conventional western medicine and alternative Eastern medicine are two recognized approaches to treating multiple diseases. Researchers have developed the foundational differences between these two approaches that have helped establish the pros and cons of each. Each approach has advantages and drawbacks. There have been debates on which approach is cheaper in terms of time and cost of treatment. Also, there is ongoing concern on which approach is safer than the other.
As of 2019, there were over 3.5 billion social media users globally, and this figure still increases by 9% each year. It is impossible to deny that social media has become an important part of many people’s lives. There are various positive effects linked with the platforms, including better connectivity. However, addiction to social media platforms, the increased comparisons between individuals, and the fear of missing out have increased depression and sadness. Social media addiction has become rampant, which has negatively influenced the lives of many individuals in society. Checking and scrolling through the different social media platforms has become increasingly popular over time, leading to excessive and compulsive use.

FAQs on Expository Essay Writing

If the information was not quite enough for you to create an outstanding paper, our college essay writer has yet to supply you with further details about expository essays. Below you'll find the most frequently asked questions on this matter, so you won't have to spend extra time and effort researching any unanswered questions.

What are the Different Types of Expository Essays?

Since expository writing may take various forms, understanding the different sorts of essays will help you pick a topic and organize the essay's general trajectory and framework.

expository essay types

  • Process Essays - In a typical process essay, the introduction presents what you will learn, the body paragraphs offer step-by-step instructions, and the conclusion discusses the significance of what you have taken away.
  • Compare and Contrast Essays - The purpose of comparing and contrasting is to present facts and allow readers to reach their own conclusions. This is still an expository essay and not an evaluation of one over the other. A contrast essay may highlight differences, similarities, or both.
  • Cause and Effect Essays - Cause and effect essays examine the reasons behind events or speculate on possible effects. They can also draw attention to relevant connections or provide details about a cause or consequence.
  • Classification Essays - In classification essays, distinct items in the same category are compared, stressing their differences while pointing up the similarities that place them in the same category. Classification essays may be quite intriguing when attempting to classify something into a category it often does not belong to.
  • Definition Essays - Apart from an argumentative essay format , the basic objective is to define a topic by providing information. In contrast to just providing the word's dictionary definition, a definition essay also builds on the term's general notion while thoroughly defining it.

What is the Most Important Part of the Expository Essay Structure?

The core of the outline for expository essay is your thesis. It's what your essay's audience will remember. It is critical to select a thesis statement that is both intriguing and provocative yet accurate and true. It is what makes the structure of expository essay powerful and constructive.

What is the Main Idea in Expository Writing?

Identifying the core concept, or the most crucial message the author wishes to convey, is the fundamental objective for all expository papers. The text's main concepts are frequently introduced early, generally in the introductory paragraph.

Using headings, subheadings, and other emphasis techniques, you may further emphasize key ideas. Main concepts, meanwhile, can also be inferred from the text and not explicitly expressed. Occasionally, you must draw the major concept from the text's specifics, assertions, and justifications.

Now that you know whats an expository essay, you must agree that writing an expository essay is a great method to learn how to effectively communicate information while also pursuing an interest of yours. Therefore, there are many ways in which knowing how to convey ideas and explain things will help you both professionally and individually.

And if you ever feel like you need an extra push towards pursuing your dream academic life, consider us your go-to college life partner. We won't criticize you no matter how many times you need essay writing help . The EssayPro team is loyal, always reliable, and never judgmental! 

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How to Write an Expository Essay | Structure, Tips & Examples

Published on July 14, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.

“Expository” means “intended to explain or describe something.” An expository essay provides a clear, focused explanation of a particular topic, process, or set of ideas. It doesn’t set out to prove a point, just to give a balanced view of its subject matter.

Expository essays are usually short assignments intended to test your composition skills or your understanding of a subject. They tend to involve less research and original arguments than argumentative essays .

Table of contents

When should you write an expository essay, how to approach an expository essay, introducing your essay, writing the body paragraphs, concluding your essay, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about expository essays.

In school and university, you might have to write expository essays as in-class exercises, exam questions, or coursework assignments.

Sometimes it won’t be directly stated that the assignment is an expository essay, but there are certain keywords that imply expository writing is required. Consider the prompts below.

The word “explain” here is the clue: An essay responding to this prompt should provide an explanation of this historical process—not necessarily an original argument about it.

Sometimes you’ll be asked to define a particular term or concept. This means more than just copying down the dictionary definition; you’ll be expected to explore different ideas surrounding the term, as this prompt emphasizes.

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An expository essay should take an objective approach: It isn’t about your personal opinions or experiences. Instead, your goal is to provide an informative and balanced explanation of your topic. Avoid using the first or second person (“I” or “you”).

The structure of your expository essay will vary according to the scope of your assignment and the demands of your topic. It’s worthwhile to plan out your structure before you start, using an essay outline .

A common structure for a short expository essay consists of five paragraphs: An introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Like all essays, an expository essay begins with an introduction . This serves to hook the reader’s interest, briefly introduce your topic, and provide a thesis statement summarizing what you’re going to say about it.

Hover over different parts of the example below to see how a typical introduction works.

In many ways, the invention of the printing press marked the end of the Middle Ages. The medieval period in Europe is often remembered as a time of intellectual and political stagnation. Prior to the Renaissance, the average person had very limited access to books and was unlikely to be literate. The invention of the printing press in the 15th century allowed for much less restricted circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation.

The body of your essay is where you cover your topic in depth. It often consists of three paragraphs, but may be more for a longer essay. This is where you present the details of the process, idea or topic you’re explaining.

It’s important to make sure each paragraph covers its own clearly defined topic, introduced with a topic sentence . Different topics (all related to the overall subject matter of the essay) should be presented in a logical order, with clear transitions between paragraphs.

Hover over different parts of the example paragraph below to see how a body paragraph is constructed.

The invention of the printing press in 1440 changed this situation dramatically. Johannes Gutenberg, who had worked as a goldsmith, used his knowledge of metals in the design of the press. He made his type from an alloy of lead, tin, and antimony, whose durability allowed for the reliable production of high-quality books. This new technology allowed texts to be reproduced and disseminated on a much larger scale than was previously possible. The Gutenberg Bible appeared in the 1450s, and a large number of printing presses sprang up across the continent in the following decades. Gutenberg’s invention rapidly transformed cultural production in Europe; among other things, it would lead to the Protestant Reformation.

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The conclusion of an expository essay serves to summarize the topic under discussion. It should not present any new information or evidence, but should instead focus on reinforcing the points made so far. Essentially, your conclusion is there to round off the essay in an engaging way.

Hover over different parts of the example below to see how a conclusion works.

The invention of the printing press was important not only in terms of its immediate cultural and economic effects, but also in terms of its major impact on politics and religion across Europe. In the century following the invention of the printing press, the relatively stationary intellectual atmosphere of the Middle Ages gave way to the social upheavals of the Reformation and the Renaissance. A single technological innovation had contributed to the total reshaping of the continent.

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An expository essay is a broad form that varies in length according to the scope of the assignment.

Expository essays are often assigned as a writing exercise or as part of an exam, in which case a five-paragraph essay of around 800 words may be appropriate.

You’ll usually be given guidelines regarding length; if you’re not sure, ask.

An expository essay is a common assignment in high-school and university composition classes. It might be assigned as coursework, in class, or as part of an exam.

Sometimes you might not be told explicitly to write an expository essay. Look out for prompts containing keywords like “explain” and “define.” An expository essay is usually the right response to these prompts.

An argumentative essay tends to be a longer essay involving independent research, and aims to make an original argument about a topic. Its thesis statement makes a contentious claim that must be supported in an objective, evidence-based way.

An expository essay also aims to be objective, but it doesn’t have to make an original argument. Rather, it aims to explain something (e.g., a process or idea) in a clear, concise way. Expository essays are often shorter assignments and rely less on research.

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expository essay

How to Write An Expository Essay: Step-by-Step Writing Process

write an expository essay discussing any one of the following topics

The word 'expository' derives its roots from the Latin term 'expositio,' which is a combination of two key components: 'ex' meaning 'out of' or 'from,' and 'positio' meaning 'position' or 'placement.' When combined, 'expositio' quite literally means 'the act of placing or explaining something out of' – a concept that perfectly encapsulates what's an expository essay. Crafting this type of essay, at its core, is an exercise in effective explanation and clear presentation. It involves the skillful placement of information in a manner that allows the reader to grasp the subject matter easily.

How to Write An Expository Essay: Short Description

In this comprehensive guide, you'll uncover a wealth of valuable information and insights related to expository essay writing. It's designed to equip you with the knowledge and tools necessary to excel in this particular form of academic writing. You'll gain techniques for crafting clear and concise thesis statements, developing well-structured body paragraphs, and effectively supporting your arguments with evidence and examples. Additionally, our expository essay writing service will explore a selection of engaging and thought-provoking topics perfectly suited for these essays. These topics have been carefully chosen to stimulate critical thinking and provide ample material for analysis and discussion.

What is an Expository Essay

A good expository essay involves:

  • Exploring a particular idea or issue.
  • Researching the existing evidence.
  • Presenting a coherent and to-the-point argument.

To reach the desired result, a writer should define concepts, exemplify the ideas, compare and contrast related phenomena, or provide cause-effect reasoning.  

What differentiates an expository essay from other writing assignments is its goal. The very name of the essay type gives a hint - to 'expose' an idea. Thus, your objective is to inform the audience about a particular concept or view. Your argument must be based on hard facts, simple, and explicit. The tone of the expository essay should be neutral; you shouldn't try to persuade the reader or take sides. Whether you write descriptively or draw a comparison, you need to be unbiased.

Types of Expository Essays

Now that you know the expository essay definition, there is one more important aspect to consider: These essays can be of various types, which influences their structure and content. Therefore, you need to know their differences to write a quality paper. Commonly, there are six main types dissected by our expository essay writer :

types of expository essays

Process or 'How-To' Essays 

This type explains how to get something to work. It guides the reader through the stages of a certain process. Process essays usually include descriptions of steps and directions for the reader to follow. These can be technical instructions or recipes, for example: 

  • 'How to Bake a Cake'
  • 'How to Repair a Bike'

Compare and Contrast Essays

Compare and contrast expository essays aim at discussing similar and divergent aspects of ideas, concepts, locations, or objects. To present your findings, you can use one of the following techniques: the alternating method, combination method, or block method. The examples of a compare and contrast essay can include the following topics:

  • ' Democracy vs. Autocracy: Differences and Similarities '
  • ' Comparison of In-Class Education and Homeschooling '

Cause and Effect Essays

Working on this type of essay, you need to investigate the cause-effect relations of a particular event. This entails identifying and classifying the reasons and discussing the results. The topics that fall within this type are:

  • ' Causes of Unemployment in Your Country '
  • ' What are the Reasons for Burnout at Work? '

Problem and Solution Essays

These expository essay examples raise a relevant issue and analyze it from different points of view. Having presented the problem, you need to develop a possible solution. For example, you can discuss:

  • ' How Can the Influence of Social Media on Body Image Be Reduced? '
  • ' How to Encourage Students to Be More Interested in Sports? '

Classification Essays

Classification essays require a particular mastery of critical thinking as you need to categorize objects according to their distinctive features. Thus, these essays discuss the aspects of a certain broad topic in detail. You should explain the reason for sorting items into categories and provide examples. The classification essays include such topics as:

  • ' Types of Holiday Destinations '
  • ' The Impact of Social Media on Different Age Groups'

Definition Essays

The expository definition essay focuses on the definition of a term or concept. It entails providing a common dictionary definition in addition to less conventional interpretations. You may add examples, explain the origin of the term, and refute the wrong understanding of the concept under discussion. For instance, you may discuss the following topics:

  • ' What is Friendship? '
  • ' What Does Being Tolerant Mean? '

write an expository essay discussing any one of the following topics

Expository Essay Structure

The block and chain structure of expository essay are the two most common types. The block method implies discussing one subject at first, then moving on to another topic in a separate paragraph. For example, such a structure of a problem and solution essay may be illustrated in the following way: 

The chain structure for the same problem and solution essay would look like this:

Thus, the chain structure allows you to discuss each aspect of the problem point by point, which is especially useful for longer papers. However, both of these structures are suitable for the expository essay format. You should choose the method you feel more comfortable with.

Expository Essay Prompts

Students often encounter various types of expository essay prompts at different educational levels, from primary school to college. These prompts serve to inspire and educate students by requiring them to research and explain specific topics.

For example, a descriptive essay prompt might ask a student to describe a place, person, experience, object, or situation. A cause-and-effect essay prompt could prompt a discussion on the causes and consequences of cheating in school, emphasizing the importance of honesty.

Here's a list of sample topics and their goals from our online paper writing service :

  • Were Jews the main target of the Nazis during World War II?
  • Goal: Evaluate Holocaust circumstances and provide evidence to support or refute this statement.
  • Is animal testing ethical?
  • Goal: Analyze the pros and cons of animal testing and present a well-supported argument for or against it.
  • Is cloning morally acceptable?
  • Goal: Examine the advantages and disadvantages of cloning, especially human cloning, and present an informed ethical perspective.
  • Who is your female mentor, and why?
  • Goal: Choose a female leader as a mentor and explain the reasons behind this choice, highlighting the mentor's virtues.
  • If time travel were possible, where and why would you go?
  • Goal: Explain the choice of a specific historical period for time travel, incorporating personal and historical reasons.

These prompts encourage students to explore, analyze, and articulate their ideas on various subjects.

Expository Essay Topics

While the overall content of an expository essay will depend largely on the prompt, the student may have some freedom to choose the specific topic or at least the angle; he wants to illuminate in the paper. For instance, he could explain the origin of a particular group of individuals in society; in such a case, the author should make the story as interesting as possible. The writer could explain a cow's digestion process for a process essay. Finally, a descriptive essay could describe a time when the writer experienced depression and what he believes to be the cause.

Lastly, the topic for a problem or solution essay could be how society can reduce or eliminate racism, using facts to expose the history of racism in specific communities.

Here are the topics from our annotated bibliography writing service :

Social Issues TopicsWhile the overall content of an expository essay will depend largely on the prompt, the student may have some freedom to choose the specific topic or at least the angle he wants to illuminate in the paper. For instance, he could explain the origin of a particular group of individuals in society; in such a case, the author should make the story as interesting as possible. The writer could explain a cow's digestion process for a process essay. Finally, a descriptive essay could describe a time when the writer experienced depression and what he believes to be the cause.

Social Issues Topics

  • How can we combat the climate crisis and transition to green practices?
  • What are the effects of technology on mental health, and how can we address them?
  • How can we promote gender diversity and inclusivity?
  • How can we achieve racial equity and combat systemic racism?
  • What are the ethical challenges of emerging tech, and how can we protect privacy?
  • How can we address global health crises and ensure healthcare equity?
  • How can we safeguard against cyber threats and protect online privacy?
  • How do young activists drive social change and create an impact?

Education Expository Essay Topics

  • How does the digital divide impact students' access to online learning resources, and what solutions can bridge this gap?
  • How does integrating social-emotional learning into the curriculum benefit students' overall well-being and academic success?
  • What are the essential skills and competencies that students need to thrive in the rapidly evolving job market, and how can schools incorporate them into their programs?
  • What is the significance of decolonizing educational curricula, and how does it contribute to a more inclusive and diverse learning experience?
  • How does STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education contribute to preparing students for careers in a technology-driven world?
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks of alternative education models like homeschooling, unschooling, or Montessori education?
  • What factors contribute to teacher burnout, and what strategies can schools and policymakers implement to improve teacher retention and job satisfaction?

Ethical Issues Topics

  • What ethical considerations surround the development and use of AI technologies?
  • How should society approach the ethical implications of gene editing and genetic manipulation?
  • What are the ethical concerns related to the collection and use of personal data in the digital era?
  • What ethical dilemmas arise from the deployment of self-driving cars and their decision-making processes?
  • What ethical issues are associated with human cloning and its potential applications?
  • How should society address ethical questions regarding environmental conservation and sustainability?
  • What ethical guidelines should AI-driven journalism platforms follow to ensure accurate and responsible reporting?

Health Topics

  • What factors contribute to vaccine hesitancy, and how can it be addressed?
  • How can we reduce the stigma surrounding mental health issues?
  • What are the keys to promoting healthy aging and well-being in older adults?
  • How does diet affect obesity rates, and what strategies can combat this issue?
  • What are the benefits and challenges of telemedicine in providing healthcare services?
  • How does antibiotic resistance develop, and why is it a global health concern?
  • What are the root causes of health disparities among different populations, and how can they be mitigated?

Writing An Expository Essay Outline

Traditionally, expository essays include five paragraphs:


Main Body Paragraph 1

Main Body Paragraph 2

Main Body Paragraph 3

This is a standard way to approach this type of paper, but you can add alterations if the task requires it. Also, you can get professional help with your essay from pay for essay services and make this task easier. Meanwhile, let's get into more details below:

As with any other writing, an expository essay should start with an introductory paragraph. Keep it short (3-5 sentences) but informative. In the first sentence, try to interestingly present the problem to the readers. This would be your hook. You should then write general information about the topic, mention why this issue is relevant, and outline the context in which you plan to discuss the problem. This part must be engaging and compelling for the audience to become interested in your piece. Remember that the introduction lays the foundation for further developing your argument. 

You should incorporate a powerful thesis statement in the last sentence of the introduction. A thesis statement reflects the main idea of the essay and asserts the author's findings. When making this claim, professionals recommend asking yourself what you are trying to say with your essay. However, you should refrain from expressing your personal opinion. It is better to stay neutral and present only proven facts. Invest some extra time to make this sentence thoughtful and convincing.

The outline of the introduction can be summarized in the following way:

  • General information
  • Proof of topic relevance
  • Context of the topic

Expository Essay Body

The body of the essay should explain your arguments. It must be the most detailed part of the text, so make it specific and do not add any fluff. Make sure that each paragraph is focused on one particular idea or claim. It would help the reader to stay focused and follow your line of argumentation without effort. Typically, you would need to write three body paragraphs. Each of them must have the following outline:

  • A topic sentence that correlates with a thesis statement
  • Evidence that supports a topic sentence
  • Explanation of the evidence
  • A concluding sentence that summarizes the main points of the paragraph

A topic sentence should introduce the idea of the whole paragraph. Make it concise and clear. Remember that your topic sentences should be connected to the first paragraph's thesis statement. Use facts, examples, and statistics as evidence to support your claim. 

Make sure you cite the information from outside sources in the style your assignment requires, such as MLA, APA, Harvard referencing, etc. Correctly cited and incorporated evidence will show the audience that the information you present is credible and trustworthy. It is best to have three points or evidence to support each topic sentence. Finally, finish the paragraph with a concluding sentence to summarize the claims you have made.

Make sure that the body paragraphs are logically linked. Incorporate transitions either in the last sentence of the previous paragraph or in a topic sentence of the following one. Use linking words to make the text cohesive. 

Conclusion Of Expository Essay Outline

The concluding paragraph should summarize the main points of your essay. You do not need to add any new information. Start by restating the thesis statement, but do not copy it. Then, summarize the supporting arguments and create a thought-provoking statement or question, making it the last sentence of your paper. 

How to Write An Expository Essay: Simple Steps

A successful writing process requires thoughtful preparation and planning. If you don't have time for that, you can always buy an essay online from our service. But if you do decide to write it yourself, divide your work into five following stages.

how to write expository essay


Before you start writing your expository essay, you need to select your expository essay topic and brainstorm ideas and possible arguments. If it is your school or college assignment, most probably, you already have particular guidelines. Read what your teacher or professor wants you to do and see what ideas you can come up with regarding the topic. Note them down. Make sure that you can fully cover the topic within the required word count limits. For this reason, do not choose a subject matter that is too broad or too narrow. In addition, the topic must be relevant not only to society in general but also to you personally.

Once you've done brainstorming, start planning. Use the outline mentioned above. It will help you stay focused on the topic and build your argumentation in an effective way. 

During planning, try to divide the researched information into sections. For example, the outline on the topic' Leadership Styles' can look like this:

  • Definition of a leadership;
  • General information about leadership;
  • A thesis statement that claims that there are different leadership styles that work well when properly balanced.
  • Topic sentence that introduces the first style to be discussed, democratic leadership, and states its essence;
  • Supporting evidence: it provides freedom;
  • Supporting evidence: It encourages learning and creativity;
  • Supporting evidence: it ensures loyalty;
  • Concluding sentence: The democratic leadership style benefits the working process. 
  • Topic sentence that introduces the delegative leadership and provides its definition;
  • Supporting evidence: It empowers employees;
  • Supporting evidence: It allows relying on a team;
  • Supporting evidence: It enhances team building;
  • Concluding sentence: The delegative leadership style involves employees' autonomy.
  • Topic sentence that introduces the authoritarian leadership and explains it;
  • Supporting evidence: It can be applied in combination with other styles;
  • Supporting evidence: It has certain limits;
  • Supporting evidence: It requires the leader to be strict;
  • Concluding sentence: The authoritarian leadership style has its negative sides but can be combined with other leadership styles.
  • Summary of the main points;
  • Restatement of the thesis.

So here are the tips for 'how to start expository essay?'. After your essay plan is ready, you can start writing the actual essay. It should be easy, as you already have a detailed outline. You need to combine the ideas using linking and transition words between paragraphs and sentences. Make sure you address each point of the plan and distribute the information equally among the sections. It will help you to discuss all the issues. Remember to refer to reputable sources to underpin your claims. 


Once you are done with the writing, you need to proofread and edit your essay to correct any flaws you might come across. If the deadline permits, do it several days or at least hours after the initial drafting. Apart from editing grammar, spelling, and punctuation, you need to ensure that the essay has smooth transitions. It would be better if you read the text aloud as though there is an audience. 

As it is academic writing, refrain from using contractions, informal phrasal verbs, slang, and even first-person pronouns. Instead, make sure that the writing style is formal and the tone is neutral and objective. 

If the essay is flawless and effectively conveys your main idea, you can take the final step and submit or publish it. It may seem like the scariest stage of the writing process to some students. However, if you have invested enough time and effort into writing your essay, your teacher or professor will definitely notice it and give you the mark you deserve. Never be afraid of feedback, even if it is negative, because it is an opportunity for you to grow and develop your writing skills.

Expository Essay Example

Here is a great example of an expository essay created by our experienced graduate essay writing service . This essay is a perfect example of how to write an informative and well-organized piece of writing, which is what expository writing is all about.

Long-term Effects of Global Warming

Over the past century, the average temperature on the surface of our planet has increased by 2.12 degrees Fahrenheit. The changes in surface temperature, sea levels, and local climates all over the world are the first red flags that warn us - 'global warming is here!'. But do we really understand all the consequences it may have?

Global warming is a phenomenon that is defined by a gradual rise in temperatures of the planet's surface, water, atmosphere, and land triggered by human, as well as natural, causes. It has been one of the most discussed topics of the past years. And now, the problem seems to be getting close to the point of no return, with a huge number of long-term effects we can observe soon.

Probably the most obvious effect of global warming is a significant change in temperatures and weather conditions across the world. Indeed, as temperatures rise, the weather in separate regions can get more severe. Scientists assure that a warmer climate can lead to the worsening of many kinds of natural disasters such as heatwaves, storms, droughts, and floods. The warmer the climate is, the more water its atmosphere can collect, retain, and drop. Respectively, over some time, if there are no changes, we can expect to observe a rising number of billion-dollar-loss and very deathly disasters.

One of the scariest long-term consequences of global warming is desertification. Simply put, desertification is a form of land degradation that causes land areas that have been relatively dry to become even more droughty. In the process, these areas typically lose wildlife, vegetation, and bodies of water. The biggest problem here is that this land degradation can significantly reduce the amount of land available for cultivation. Hence, the fewer arable lands will be left, the less food we will be able to grow. As a result, desertification can turn into a real disaster in the form of global hunger. And it's only one adverse long-term impact we can get.

Another adverse effect is the consequent growth of the sea level across the globe. In fact, this is one of the effects of global warming that we can already observe. The process started in the middle of the 19th century and is still gaining pace. During the 20th century alone, the global sea level rose by 17 cm, with another 3.2-3.4 mm added annually. The damage it can do is massive. Unless we do something about it, it will only get worse with time. In the long-term perspective, dozens of cities and countries can end up underwater, causing irreparable damage to flora and fauna, mass migration, and, as a result, many political and economic issues.

Knowing all these terrifying long-term consequences of global warming, there is only one question left to answer - 'Is there anything we can do about it?'. Luckily, we can still reverse these changes. The core trigger for global warming is a boost of gas emissions into the atmosphere. Hence, one of the first things scientists and environmental activists encourage us to do is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. This can be possible if we stop burning gasoline and switch to e-vehicles. Another solution is recycling. Recycling can help us minimize waste and, thus, reduce pollution.

In conclusion, I'd like to say that humanity has already done everything possible to destroy the planet we live on. If we don't reduce the harm we do, there might not be a future for our children. Thus, if we want to survive, we must start making a change now, together!

As you can see, writing an expository essay is rather straightforward when you are well-prepared. You should know the purpose of your work and choose the right essay type. When you are sure about the expository topics, you can research them and express creativity when selecting appropriate evidence for your claims. Additionally, when you have a solid plan in place and follow the instructions diligently, you can confidently write expository essays that are bound to earn you a good grade.

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Jun 25, 2023

Expository Essay Examples: Master the Art of Informative Writing with Examples and Tips

Are you looking to improve your expository essay writing skills? Want to learn from real-life examples and get practical tips? You've come to the right place! In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on expository essay writing, including examples and tips to help you master the art of informative writing!

This article is a comprehensive guide on expository essay writing, aimed at helping readers enhance their skills in informative writing. It will provide a thorough understanding of what an expository essay is, its purpose, structure, and key components. The article will also include a variety of examples covering different topics, styles, and formats of expository essays. Moreover, it will provide practical tips and techniques to help readers improve their writing skills and create well-crafted and engaging expository essays.

Ready to level up your expository essay writing skills? Sign up for our newsletter to receive regular updates, writing tips, and exclusive resources to help you become a master of informative writing!

Understanding Expository Essays

Expository essays are a type of academic writing that aims to provide information, explain, or describe a particular topic or concept clearly and concisely. They are often used in educational settings to assess a student's understanding of a subject, and they can also be found in professional and everyday writing.

A sort of academic writing known as an informative essay tries to educate readers about a specific topic. This kind of essay's goal is to inform the reader about the subject, not to support or refute a particular viewpoint. As a result, it calls on the author to provide information clearly and succinctly, supporting their statements with proof.

The purpose of an expository essay is to convey factual information, provide an explanation or clarification of a complex concept, or describe a process or procedure. Unlike persuasive essays, which aim to convince the reader of a particular viewpoint, expository essays strive to present objective and evidence-based information without expressing personal opinions or biases.

There are several types of expository essays, including:

Descriptive essays: These essays focus on describing a person, place, object, event, or phenomenon in detail. The writer uses sensory details and vivid language to paint a clear picture for the reader.

Process essays: Also known as "how-to" essays, these essays explain a step-by-step process or procedure. They are often used to describe how something is done or how to accomplish a specific task.

Comparison/contrast essays: These essays analyze and highlight the similarities and differences between two or more subjects or concepts. They may focus on either the similarities or the differences, or both, and may be organized in a point-by-point or block method.

Cause and effect essays: These essays explore the relationship between a cause and its effects or consequences. They examine the reasons behind an event or phenomenon and its outcomes, and may also discuss multiple causes or effects.

Definition essays: These essays define and explain the meaning of a term, concept, or idea. They may provide a standard definition, a dictionary definition, or an extended definition that includes examples and explanations to clarify the meaning.

Problem/solution essays: These essays identify a problem or issue and propose possible solutions or ways to address it. They typically present evidence of the problem and then provide logical and well-supported solutions.

Expository Essay Structure

Expository essays should be well-organized, with a clear introduction, body paragraphs that provide evidence and examples to support the main points, and a conclusion that summarizes the main ideas and restates the thesis statement. They should also be written in a formal and objective tone, avoiding personal opinions and biases, and citing credible sources when necessary to support the information presented.

The structure of an expository essay typically consists of three main parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Each of these sections has a specific purpose and plays a crucial role in conveying the information or explaining the topic in a clear and organized manner.

Introduction: The introduction is the first part of the essay and serves to grab the reader's attention and provide a context for the topic. It typically includes an opening statement or hook that engages the reader, followed by some background information on the topic to provide context and establish the importance or relevance of the subject matter. The introduction should end with a clear and concise thesis statement, which is the main point or argument that will be developed and supported in the body paragraphs.

Body: The body of the essay is where the writer presents the main content and information on the topic. It usually consists of several paragraphs, each focusing on a separate subtopic or supporting point that is related to the thesis statement. Each body paragraph should have a topic sentence, which is a clear statement that introduces the main idea of the paragraph. The body paragraphs should provide evidence, examples, facts, statistics, or other relevant information to support the main idea or thesis statement. It is important to use logical and coherent transitions between paragraphs and ideas to ensure a smooth flow of information and ideas.

Conclusion: The conclusion is the final part of the essay and serves to summarize the main points and restate the thesis statement differently. It should not introduce new information but rather provide a concise summary of the key ideas discussed in the body paragraphs. The conclusion should leave a lasting impression on the reader and provide a sense of closure to the essay. It may also include a call to action, a reflection, or a final thought that encourages further thinking or exploration of the topic.

Overall, the structure of an expository essay should be well-organized, with a clear and engaging introduction , informative body paragraphs, and a concise and impactful conclusion. Following a coherent structure helps the reader to understand the information presented and enhances the overall effectiveness of the essay.

Key Components of Expository Essays: Thesis Statement, Evidence, and Analysis 

Expository essays typically include several key components that work together to effectively convey information and explain a topic or concept. These components include:

Thesis Statement: The thesis statement is a clear and concise statement that presents the main point or argument of the essay. It is usually located in the introduction and serves as a roadmap for the rest of the essay. The thesis statement should be specific, focused, and debatable, and it should indicate what the essay will be about. It provides a clear direction for the essay and helps the reader understand the main purpose or point of the writing.

Evidence: Evidence is the information, facts, examples, statistics, or other types of support that the writer uses to substantiate the thesis statement and make the essay more credible and persuasive. Evidence should be reliable, relevant, and properly cited from credible sources. It helps to back up the claims made in the essay and provides support for the ideas and arguments presented.

Analysis: Analysis is the process of examining, interpreting, and explaining the evidence presented in the essay. It involves breaking down the evidence and discussing its significance, relevance, and implications for the thesis statement. Analysis helps to demonstrate the writer's critical thinking skills and ability to conclude from the evidence. It also provides a deeper understanding of the topic and strengthens the overall argument of the essay.

Organization and Structure: The organization and structure of the essay are important components of expository writing. The essay should be well-organized with a clear and logical flow of ideas. The introduction should introduce the topic and present the thesis statement, the body paragraphs should present evidence and analysis in a coherent and organized manner, and the conclusion should summarize the main points and restate the thesis statement. The paragraphs should be structured with a topic sentence, supporting evidence, and analysis to ensure clarity and coherence.

Clarity and Conciseness: Clarity and conciseness are essential components of expository essays. The writing should be clear, easy to understand, and free of ambiguity. Complex concepts should be explained straightforwardly and concisely. The use of appropriate language, precise vocabulary, and clear sentence structure helps to convey the information effectively and makes the essay more reader-friendly.

In summary, key components of expository essays include a clear and debatable thesis statement, reliable evidence, thorough analysis, effective organization and structure, and clarity and conciseness in writing. These components work together to present information in a coherent, informative, and persuasive manner.

Examples of Expository Essays:

The importance of recycling for environmental conservation .

The importance of recycling for environmental conservation is a crucial topic that can be explored in an expository essay. The essay could delve into the significance of recycling in reducing waste, conserving natural resources, and mitigating environmental pollution.

The thesis statement for this essay could be something like: "Recycling plays a pivotal role in environmental conservation by reducing waste, conserving natural resources, and mitigating pollution, thereby contributing to a more sustainable and eco-friendly future."

The body paragraphs of the essay could discuss the following key points:

Waste reduction: The essay could explain how recycling helps in reducing the amount of waste that ends up in landfills or incinerators. It could discuss the environmental impacts of landfilling and incineration, such as soil and water contamination, air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. The essay could also highlight the importance of reducing waste generation through recycling, as well as the role of waste reduction strategies, such as source reduction and waste minimization.

Conservation of natural resources: The essay could elaborate on how recycling conserves natural resources, such as timber, water, and minerals. It could discuss the extraction and processing of raw materials for manufacturing and the environmental impacts associated with resource extraction, such as deforestation, water pollution, and habitat destruction. The essay could also highlight the benefits of recycling in reducing the demand for virgin materials, conserving natural resources, and promoting a circular economy.

Mitigation of pollution: The essay could discuss how recycling helps in mitigating environmental pollution. It could explore the environmental impacts of pollution, such as air pollution, water pollution, and soil contamination, and how recycling helps in reducing pollution by reducing the need for extraction, processing, and manufacturing of raw materials. The essay could also discuss the importance of proper waste management practices, such as recycling programs, waste separation, and recycling technologies, in preventing pollution and protecting the environment.

The conclusion of the essay could summarize the main points discussed in the body paragraphs and reinforce the importance of recycling for environmental conservation. It could emphasize the need for individuals, communities, and governments to promote and participate in recycling practices to protect the environment and contribute to a more sustainable future.

The Impact of Technology on Modern Society

The impact of technology on modern society is a widely debated and intriguing topic that can be explored in an expository essay. The essay could delve into the various ways in which technology has influenced and transformed different aspects of modern society, including communication, economy, education, healthcare, and social interactions.

The thesis statement for this essay could be something like: "Technology has had a profound impact on modern society, revolutionizing communication, transforming the economy, revolutionizing education and healthcare, and reshaping social interactions."

Communication: The essay could explore how technology has revolutionized communication in modern society. It could discuss the advent of the internet, social media, smartphones, and other communication technologies, and how they have transformed the way people interact, communicate, and share information. The essay could also discuss the benefits and challenges of modern communication technologies, such as increased connectivity, global reach, and instant communication, as well as issues related to privacy, cyberbullying, and misinformation.

Economy: The essay could elaborate on how technology has transformed the economy in modern society. It could discuss the impact of automation, artificial intelligence, and digitalization on the job market, businesses, and industries. The essay could also discuss the benefits and challenges of technology in the economy, such as increased efficiency, economic growth, and job displacement, as well as issues related to inequality, workforce skill gaps, and the digital divide.

Education and healthcare: The essay could discuss how technology has revolutionized education and healthcare in modern society. It could explore the use of technology in online learning, e-learning platforms, and virtual classrooms, as well as the impact of telemedicine, electronic health records, and health monitoring devices on healthcare delivery. The essay could also discuss the benefits and challenges of technology in education and healthcare, such as increased access, personalized learning, and improved patient care, as well as issues related to data privacy, accessibility, and ethics.

Social interactions: The essay could explore how technology has reshaped social interactions in modern society. It could discuss the impact of social media, online communities, and virtual reality on human relationships, socialization, and identity formation. The essay could also discuss the benefits and challenges of technology in social interactions, such as increased connectivity, social awareness, and online activism, as well as issues related to social isolation, addiction, and cyberbullying.

The conclusion of the essay could summarize the main points discussed in the body paragraphs and highlight the complex and multifaceted impact of technology on modern society. It could emphasize the need for critical analysis, ethical considerations, and responsible use of technology to harness its benefits and mitigate its challenges in shaping the future of society.

The Process of Making Chocolate from Cocoa Beans

The process of making chocolate from cocoa beans is a fascinating and complex process that can be explored in an expository essay. The essay could detail the different stages involved in the production of chocolate, from harvesting cocoa beans to the final product that we enjoy.

The thesis statement for this essay could be something like: "The process of making chocolate from cocoa beans involves several stages, including harvesting and fermenting cocoa beans, drying and roasting, grinding and conching, and tempering and molding, which collectively result in the delicious chocolate we savor."

Harvesting and fermenting cocoa beans: The essay could describe the process of harvesting cocoa beans, which are typically grown in tropical regions. It could explain how cocoa pods are harvested, and the seeds (cocoa beans) are extracted from the pods. The essay could also detail the crucial step of fermenting cocoa beans, which involves allowing them to ferment in banana leaves or wooden boxes for a few days. This process is essential for developing the flavor and aroma of the chocolate.

Drying and roasting: The essay could discuss the next step of drying and roasting the fermented cocoa beans. It could explain how the beans are spread out and dried in the sun or using artificial drying methods to reduce their moisture content. The essay could then detail the roasting process, where the dried cocoa beans are roasted to bring out their rich flavor and aroma. The temperature and duration of roasting can vary depending on the desired characteristics of the chocolate.

Grinding and conching: The essay could describe the grinding and conching process, where the roasted cocoa beans are ground into a fine paste. It could explain how the grinding process involves using heavy machinery or stone grinders to reduce the cocoa beans into a liquid called cocoa liquor or cocoa mass. The essay could then detail the conching process, which involves mixing the cocoa liquor with sugar, vanilla, and other ingredients, and continuously stirring and kneading the mixture to develop its smooth texture and remove any bitterness.

Tempering and molding: The essay could explain the final steps of tempering and molding the chocolate. It could describe how the tempered chocolate is heated and cooled to specific temperatures to stabilize its crystalline structure and give it a shiny appearance and a satisfying snap when bitten. The essay could then detail the process of pouring the tempered chocolate into molds and allowing it to set, resulting in the familiar shapes and forms of chocolate bars, truffles, or other confections.

The conclusion of the essay could summarize the main steps involved in the process of making chocolate from cocoa beans and highlight the complexity and artistry involved in crafting this beloved treat. It could also emphasize the importance of sustainability, fair trade practices, and ethical considerations in the cocoa industry to ensure the sustainability and social responsibility of chocolate production.

Essay inspiration ideas for Expository Essays:

Expository essays are a common type of academic writing that aims to explain or describe a particular topic or concept. If you are looking for inspiration for an expository essay, here are some ideas:

The benefits and drawbacks of social media: In this essay, you could explore how social media has changed our society, for better or for worse. You could discuss the impact of social media on communication, relationships, mental health, and privacy.

The importance of education: This essay could focus on the benefits of education, such as increased earning potential, improved job opportunities, and personal growth. You could also explore the challenges faced by students, such as access to education, funding, and discrimination.

The impact of technology on our lives: This essay could explore how technology has changed the way we live, work, and communicate informative essays, expository essay examples, and structure. You could discuss the impact of technology on various aspects of our lives, such as health, education, relationships, and the environment.

The effects of climate change: In this essay, you could explore the causes and effects of climate change, as well as the measures that can be taken to mitigate its impact. You could also discuss the challenges faced by policymakers, scientists, and individuals in addressing this global issue.

The history and impact of a particular invention or innovation: This essay could focus on the history and impact of a particular invention or innovation, such as the internet, the automobile, or the smartphone. You could explore the cultural, social, and economic impact of the invention, as well as its future potential.

These are just a few ideas to inspire your expository essay. Remember to choose a topic that interests you and that you have knowledge of so that you can provide an informative and engaging essay.

Tips for Writing Expository Essays:

Conducting thorough research papers and using reliable sources.

Conducting thorough research papers and using reliable sources is essential for writing a high-quality expository essay. Here are some tips to help you with this aspect of your essay:

Start with reputable sources: Use reliable sources for your research, such as peer-reviewed journals, reputable websites, books from reputable publishers, and credible experts in the field. Avoid using unreliable sources, such as blogs, forums, or Wikipedia, as they may not always provide accurate or credible information.

Verify the credibility of sources: Assess the credibility of your sources by evaluating the author's expertise, the publication or organization's reputation, and the evidence and references provided. Look for sources that are well-known, peer-reviewed, and published in reputable journals or by respected organizations.

Use multiple sources: Rely on a variety of sources to gather diverse perspectives and evidence on your topic. Avoid over-relying on a single source, as it may introduce bias or limit the validity of your arguments. Use a mix of primary and secondary sources, and strive for a balanced representation of different viewpoints.

Conduct thorough research: Take the time to conduct in-depth research on your topic, using various sources to gather comprehensive and reliable information. Take notes, highlight key points, and organize your research findings to facilitate later reference and citation.

Fact-check your information: Double-check the accuracy of your information by cross-referencing it with multiple sources. Verify facts, statistics, and data to ensure they are reliable and up-to-date. Avoid spreading misinformation or making unsupported claims in your essay.

Cite your sources properly: Give credit to the original authors by properly citing your sources in your essay. Follow the appropriate citation style, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago, and provide in-text citations and a bibliography or works cited page at the end of your essay. This shows academic integrity and allows readers to verify your information.

By conducting thorough research and using reliable sources, you can ensure that your expository essay is based on accurate and credible information, enhancing its credibility and persuasiveness.

b. Crafting a Clear and Concise Thesis Statement:

Your thesis statement should be a clear and concise statement that summarizes the main point or argument of your essay.

It should be specific and focused, indicating what the essay will discuss or argue.

Avoid vague or broad thesis statements that lack clarity or precision.

Revise and refine your thesis statement as you develop your essay to ensure it aligns with the content and structure of your essay.

c. Organizing Ideas and Information in a Logical and Cohesive Manner:

Organize your essay logically and coherently, following a clear structure with an introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

Use appropriate headings, subheadings, or transitions to guide the reader through your essay and make it easy to follow.

Group related ideas and information together, and present them in a logical and coherent sequence.

Use effective paragraph structure with topic sentences, supporting details, and clear transitions to ensure smooth flow and coherence in your essay.

d. Providing Strong Evidence and Analysis to Support Arguments:

Support your arguments or claims with strong evidence from reliable sources, such as facts, statistics, research findings, or expert quotes.

Analyze and interpret the evidence to explain how it supports your argument and why it is relevant to your topic.

Avoid unsupported assertions or generalizations, and strive to provide compelling evidence that strengthens your argument and makes your essay persuasive.

e. Using Appropriate Language and Tone for the Target Audience:

Consider your target audience and use language and tone that is appropriate and engaging for them.

Use clear, concise, and precise language to convey your ideas and arguments.

Avoid jargon, technical terms, or complex language that may confuse or alienate your readers.

Consider the tone of your essay, whether it should be formal, objective, or subjective, depending on your topic and audience.

f. Revising, Editing, and Proofreading for Clarity and Precision:

Revise and edit your essay carefully to ensure clarity, precision, and coherence in your writing.

Check for grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors, and make necessary corrections.

Review your essay for logical flow, coherence, and consistency in ideas and arguments.

Seek feedback from peers, teachers, or mentors to get different perspectives and improve your essay.

By incorporating these tips into your writing process, you can elevate the quality of your expository essay, making it more compelling, informative, and impactful for your readers.


In conclusion, expository essays serve as a valuable form of informative writing, providing readers with a balanced understanding of a specific topic. To excel in this art, conduct thorough research, craft a clear thesis statement, organize ideas logically, provide strong evidence, and revise for clarity. By mastering these techniques, you can create engaging, informative, and credible expository essays.

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61 General Expository Essay Topic Ideas to Practice Academic Writing

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  • Teaching Resources
  • An Introduction to Teaching
  • Tips & Strategies
  • Policies & Discipline
  • Community Involvement
  • School Administration
  • Technology in the Classroom
  • Teaching Adult Learners
  • Issues In Education
  • Becoming A Teacher
  • Assessments & Tests
  • Elementary Education
  • Secondary Education
  • Special Education
  • Homeschooling
  • M.Ed., Curriculum and Instruction, University of Florida
  • B.A., History, University of Florida

Expository essays discuss topics by using facts rather than opinions, requiring students to evaluate and investigate while setting forth their arguments clearly and concisely. Teachers often include expository essays as part of assessments , especially in college-level courses, so students can help themselves succeed by practicing writing these types of essays. When teachers are integrating writing throughout the curriculum, students can use expository essays to demonstrate what they've learned in other courses.

Sample Expository Essay Topics From Students

Tenth-graders wrote the following general expository essay topics. Students can practice writing these topics or use the list to come up with topics of their own. The important thing to remember is that these expository essays are based on facts rather than the writer's beliefs or feelings.

  • Explain why you admire a particular person.
  • Explain why someone you know should be regarded as a leader.
  • Explain why parents are sometimes strict.
  • If you had to be an animal, which would you be and why?
  • Explain why you especially enjoy a particular teacher.
  • Explain why some cities have curfews for teens.
  • Explain why some students are forced to leave school once they are sixteen.
  • Explain how moving from place to place affects teens.
  • Explain why getting a driver's license is an important event in the lives of many teenagers.
  • Describe the major stressors in teens' lives.
  • Explain why you like or don't like working in a team.
  • Describe some nonmaterial things that make you happy.
  • Explain why some teens commit suicide.
  • Explain how music affects your life.
  • Explain the impact of different music genres on society.
  • Explain why students listen to a particular type of music.
  • Explain why some teens skip school.
  • Explain the likely consequences of skipping school.
  • Describe the likely consequences of doing poorly in school.
  • Explain why teens do drugs.
  • Describe the likely consequences of selling drugs.
  • Describe the likely consequences of taking drugs.
  • Explain why teens smoke cigarettes .
  • Explain the likely consequences of being kicked out of school.
  • Explain the likely consequences of skipping classes.
  • Explain the likely consequences of brothers and sisters constantly fighting.
  • Explain why teens wear makeup.
  • Explain the consequences of having alcohol on the school campus.
  • Explain the likely consequences of being sexually active without using protection.
  • Explain why some teens' parents do not like to be alone with their child's boyfriend or girlfriend.
  • Explain the likely consequences of increasing the time between classes from five to 15 minutes.
  • Explain why some teens join gangs.
  • Explain the difficulties some teens have once they are in gangs.
  • Explain how life for a teenager changes once she has a baby.
  • Describe what you feel a boy should do if he finds out his girlfriend is pregnant.
  • Explain why you should or should not laugh at embarrassing moments.
  • Describe the effects of marijuana.
  • Explain the likely consequences of teens becoming sexually active.
  • Explain why it is helpful to organize your materials and activities.
  • Explain why your schoolwork is important.
  • Describe the ways you help out at home.
  • Explain the likely consequences of abolishing capital punishment.
  • Explain the consequences of adopting a pass/fail grading system.
  • Explain the likely consequences of enforcing an 11:00 p.m. curfew.
  • Explain the likely consequences of ending forced busing.
  • Explain why some teenagers dislike saying the pledge to the flag.
  • Explain why some schools don't have open lunch policies.
  • Explain why most teenagers are materialistic.
  • Explain why some teens get jobs.
  • Explain the consequences of having a job while in high school.
  • Explain the likely consequences of dropping out of school.
  • Describe some productive ways students can spend their leisure time.
  • Explain why dealing with their parents' divorce can be difficult for many teens.
  • Explain why teens love their parents even when family situations are difficult.
  • Describe the things that bring you the greatest happiness.
  • Describe three things you would like to change the world and explain why you would change them.
  • Explain why you prefer living in an apartment (or house).
  • Describe the likely consequences of requiring a childbearing license.
  • Describe three objects that symbolize our culture and explain why you selected them.
  • Explain why you are interested in a particular career.
  • Explain the likely consequences of requiring students to wear school uniforms.
  • Expository Essay Genre With Suggested Prompts
  • Topical Organization Essay
  • Understanding What an Expository Essay Is
  • 25 Essay Topics for American Government Classes
  • 30 Writing Topics: Persuasion
  • Common Topics for Graduate School Admissions Essays
  • 50 Argumentative Essay Topics
  • Bad Essay Topics for College Admissions
  • Personal Essay Topics
  • How to Teach Topic Sentences Using Models
  • How to Ace Your University of Wisconsin Personal Statements
  • How to Write a Narrative Essay or Speech
  • How to Write an Outstanding College Application Essay
  • 50 Great Topics for a Process Analysis Essay
  • What Is Expository Writing?
  • Tips for the 8 University of California Personal Insight Questions

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Chapter 4: What Are You Writing, to Whom, and How?

4.1 Expository Essays

Learning Objectives

  • Understand the function and use of expository essays
  • Identify eight types of expository essays
  • Apply expository essay structure

What Is an Expository Essay?

An essay that explains a writer’s ideas by defining, explaining, informing, or elaborating on points to allow the reader to clearly understand the concept.

Many of your future academic workplace writing assignments will be expository–explaining your ideas or the significance of a concept or action. An expository essay allows the writer the opportunity to explain his or her ideas about a topic and to provide clarity for the reader by using:

  • Explanations
  • Definitions

It may also include the writer outlining steps of a procedure in a way that is straightforward for the reader to follow. It is purely informative and often contains elements of summary.

Imagine you need to verbally explain a concept to your classmates, maybe a behavioural theory. What are the key elements on which you would focus? How would you organize the information? You could explain who came up with the theory, the specific area of study to which it is related, its purpose, and the significant details to explain the theory. Telling these four elements to your classmates would give them a complete, yet summarized, picture of the theory, so they could apply the theory in future discussions.

Although you did this verbally, you were still fulfilling the elements of an expository essay by providing definition, details, explanations, and maybe even facts if you have a really good memory. This is the same process that you would use when you write an expository essay. You may actually be doing this all the time; for example, when you are giving someone directions to a place or explaining how to cook something. In the following sections of the chapter, you will practise doing this more in different expository written forms.

The Structure of an Expository Essay

Sections versus paragraphs.

Before looking at the general structure of an expository essay, you first need to know that in your post-secondary education, you should not consider your essay as writing being constructed with five paragraphs as you might have been used to in high school. You should instead think of your essay in terms of sections (there may be five), and each section may have multiple paragraphs.

To understand further why you need to think beyond the five-paragraph essay, imagine you have been asked to submit a six-page paper (approximately 1,500 words). You already know that each paragraph should be roughly 75 to 200 words long. If you divide the required word count by five paragraphs (1,500 by 5), you end with 300 words per paragraph, way above the number you should have in a paragraph. If your paragraphs are too long, they likely have too many ideas and your reader may become confused. Your paragraphs should be two-third of a page at most, and never longer than a page.

Instead, if you think of your essays being divided into sections (with possibly more than one paragraph per section), your writing will likely be more organized and allow your reader to follow your presentation of ideas without creating too much distance between your paragraph’s supporting points and its topic sentence.

As you will see in Section 4.5: Classification , some essay forms may require even more than five paragraphs or sections because of how many points are necessary to address. . For the rest of this chapter, the term paragraph will also imply section.

Sections of an Expository Essay

An expository essay, regardless of its purpose, should have at least five sections, which are:

  • Introduction
  • First body section/paragraph
  • Second body section/paragraph
  • Third body section/paragraph

The introduction should state the topic of your paper: your thesis statement as well as brief signposts of what information the rest of the paper will include. That is, you only want to mention the content of the body paragraphs; you do not want to go in to a lot of detail and repeat what will be in the rest of the essay.

The first body section or paragraph should focus on one of your main points and provide evidence to support that point. There should be two to three supporting points: reasons, facts, statistics, quotations, examples, or a mix of these. Both the second and third body sections should follow the same pattern. Providing three body sections with one point each that supports the thesis should provide the reader with enough detail to be convinced of your argument or fully understand the concept you are explaining. However, remember that some sections will require more explanation, and you may need to separate this information into multiple paragraphs.

You can order your sections in the most logical way to explain your ideas. For example, if you are describing a process, you may use chronological order to show the definite time order in which the steps need to happen. You will learn about the different ways to organize your body paragraphs in the next chapter.

The concluding paragraph , or conclusion, can be a little tricky to compose because you need to make sure you give a concise summary of the body paragraphs, but you must be careful not to simply repeat what you have already written. Look back at the main idea of each section/paragraph, and try to summarize the point using words different from those you have already used. Do not include any new points in your concluding paragraph.

Consider Your Audience: How Much Do They Know?

Later in this chapter, you will work on determining and adapting to your audience when writing, but with an expository essay, since you are defining or informing your audience on a certain topic, you need to evaluate how much your audience knows about that topic (aside from having general common knowledge). You want to make sure you are giving thorough, comprehensive, and clear explanations on the topic. Never assume the reader knows everything about your topic (even if it is covered in the reader’s field of study). For example, even though some of your instructors may teach criminology, they may have specialized in different areas from the one about which you are writing; they most likely have a strong understanding of the concepts but may not recall all the small details on the topic. If your instructor specialized in crime mapping and data analysis for example, he or she may not have a strong recollection of specific criminological theories related to other areas of study. Providing enough background information without being too detailed is a fine balance, but you always want to ensure you have no gaps in the information, so your reader will not have to guess your intention. Again, we will practise this more in Section 4.10: Purpose, Audience, Tone, and Content .

What Comes Next?

In the next eight sections (4.2 through 4.9), we will look at different expository modes, or rhetorical modes, you will often be assigned.

H5P: Let’s take a moment to see how much you already know about types of Expository Essays. Match the type of Expository Essay to the most correct description.


  • the art of storytelling
  • to show or demonstrate something clearly
  • writing that appeals to our senses
  • to break down broad subjects into smaller parts
  • to explain how to do something or how something works
  • establish the way in which people communicate ideas
  • analyze two subjects in relation to each other
  • to determine how various phenomena relate

Expository Essay Type:

  • Process analysis
  • Illustration
  • Compare and contrast
  • Description
  • Cause and effect
  • Classification

Answer Key:

Rhetorical modes refers simply to the ways to communicate effectively through language. As you read about these modes, keep in mind that the rhetorical mode a writer chooses depends on his or her purpose for writing. Sometimes writers incorporate a variety of modes in any one essay. In this chapter, we also emphasize the rhetorical modes as a set of tools that will allow you greater flexibility and effectiveness in communicating with your audience and expressing your ideas.

In a few weeks, you will need to submit your first essay–an expository sample–and you will be given the choice of topic: one from each of the modes. Think about which types of expository essays are easier and which are more challenging for you. As mentioned, as you progress through your studies, you will be exposed to each of these types. You may want to explore a mode you find more challenging than the others in order to ensure you have a full grasp on developing each type. However, it is up to you. As you work through the sections, think about possible topics you may like to cover in your expository essay and start brainstorming as you work through the self-practice exercises.

After we explore each of the individual modes in the eight sections that follow, we will look at outlining and drafting; it is at this point you will want to fine tune and narrow the topic you will write about, so you can focus on that when doing the exercises.

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What do you do if you are in the mood to bake some chocolate chip cookies and the recipe you find online is part of a blog post? Do you faithfully read about so-and-so's wonderful family tradition of making them together every Friday night, or do you skip to what is relevant to you — the recipe? Family traditions are lovely, but sometimes our audience wants an objective view o n a topic. An expository essay discusses information about a subject in a neutral tone. They are structured and outlined like other essays, but expository essays come in their own formats.

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Expository Essay Definition

An expository essay "exposes" information about a subject to educate an audience. S ome keywords and phrases that give clues that an assignment is asking for expository writing include:

  • "Cause and effect"
  • "Explain how"
  • "Define and explore"
  • "Compare and contrast "

Expository Essay: Characteristics

There are different formats when writing expository essays, but they all share some characteristics:

  • Expository essays are logical. Your argument is solid and structured into a clear path for the reader to follow. A vital feature of an effective essay is whether you condense your thesis statement into a coherent outline of the essay topic.
  • Expository essays are analytical. If you include sources, they are thoroughly researched and fact-checked. Make sure to cite your sources following the proper guidelines.
  • Expository essays are unbiased. The essay is written in an academic tone. It features reliable information and excludes personal opinions.
  • Expository essays are explanatory. Do not assume the audience has prior knowledge of the essay subject. Include background information to provide context and define any technical terms.

Expository essays are often used in exams because they help measure the ability to examine evidence and structure a rational argument . You will not always have time to research the assigned topic, so a well-structured thesis statement and an essay that features a balanced view are crucial.

The Importance of Expository Essays

Learning to navigate the structure and different formats of expository essays teaches you:

  • The value of understanding a subject and being able to explain it to others.
  • How to explain concepts clearly and objectively.
  • How to dissect evidence to determine its validity.

Expository Essay Cartoon woman typing a bright thesis StudySmarter

Expository Essay Format

In the expository essay assignment, you may be asked to:

  • Write a Definition : This is not the same as a dictionary definition . Instead, an expository essay looks into its subject matter in more depth, for example, by exploring the history of an item.
  • Explain a Process : When you write a "How To" article, that's an expository essay. It's written in chronological order and describes how something works in steps.
  • Compare and Contrast : In this essay format, you discuss how two objects or concepts are alike and different, for example, by looking at the similarities and differences between two short stories from the same genre.
  • Cause and Effect : This expository essay requires you to start with an action or idea and examine its ripple effect . For example, examine the impact of slavery on African-American diet and whether there are lingering consequences today.

If something causes a ripple effect, it creates a series of consequences.

Expository Essay Structure

As with other types, the expository essay includes an introduction , body paragraphs , and a conclusion .

Just because expository essays are fact-based does not mean you can't be creative with your beginning. It is still necessary for your writing to reel in your audience. Finish your introduction paragraph with a thesis statement that features your subject and the direction you plan to take the reader.

Body Paragraphs

The subject of your essay determines the paragraph structure of your essay. Each body paragraph features a key point. In a process essay, outline each step in an individual paragraph.

Avoid discussing final thoughts that weren't in the thesis or body paragraphs. An effective expository essay presents an argument at the beginning and uses evidence to follow it to a logical end. Throwing new information at the reader in the conclusion appears disorganized. Restate your thesis in an interesting way and summarize the essay's main points.

Why is it essential to avoid restating your thesis and central ideas in the conclusion of your essay word-for-word?

Expository Essay Outline

Outlines are helpful tools for organizing the ideas you came up with while brainstorming for your essay. The outline is similar to the frame of a house and will follow the structure of the expository essay. Use your outline to structure your thesis statement. For example:

Topic: The Impact of Slavery on the African American Diet and Its Lingering Consequences

I. Introduction

B. Introduction to the topic

II. Body paragraphs (the number of body paragraphs you include will vary)

B. Discussion of the main point in connection with the source

C. Transition to the next point or conclusion

III. Conclusion

A. Potential solution (optional)

B. Summary of the main point

C. Thesis is restated

Expository Essay Example

The following example expository essay is structured into an abbreviated cause-and-effect format. Read through the sample essay below to get a feel of how you should structure your writing.

"In 2018, African Americans were thirty percent more likely to die from heart disease than non-Hispanic whites and twice as likely to die from diabetes." 1, 2 Until recently, the response to these statistics suggested that African Americans should eat better and exercise more. Still, a deeper examination of the barriers they face gives rise to a more nuanced approach. Slavery limited the food options available to enslaved Africans, so a cultural diet evolved to include many unhealthy choices that have negatively impacted present-day African Americans' health .

Cuisine is a shared element among people with the same cultural background. Recipes are handed down and modified through generations, becoming essential to the group's history. Enslaved Africans initially developed soul food by adjusting their West African diet to food available while in bondage . 3 They were allowed to cultivate a small garden for themselves to boost their inadequate rations, but "limited cooking supplies. . . forced [them] to create palatable meals from undesirable ingredients." 3 They were not allowed to use utensils that could potentially double as a weapon in revolt, 3 so eating their already starch-heavy, fatty diet with corn cakes became customary. 3 Over time, these dishes evolved into popular soul food staples. Although many of the base ingredients are nutritionally beneficial, they are laden with fat, salt, and sugar when prepared in this fashion. When consumed regularly, they contribute to obesity and increase the risk of developing heart disease and diabetes. Attempts to change African Americans' diets to promote health have failed because meal options don't consider their cultural traditions. 3 A nonprofit organization, Oldways, may have a better solution.

Oldways created the African Heritage Diet to combine healthy eating with tradition. "The Heritage Pyramid encourages the user to utilize. . . familiar foods in a way that aligns [with their] healthy origins." 3 Enslaved Africans had very little control over their diet and made do with what they were given. The ingredients in African American soul food reflect their struggle to survive, but these culturally-inspired recipes have contributed to their current health crisis . If more healthcare providers were made aware of the Heritage Pyramid, it could increase the likelihood their African American patients would develop better-informed eating habits .

In the introduction, the statistic in the opening sentence attempts to get the reader's attention. The thesis establishes the subject and ties the main points together so the audience knows what to expect from the essay.

What is another technique you can use to start your paper in a way that makes the audience want to keep reading?

Expository Essay. Soul food. StudySmarter.

The body paragraph discusses the issue in detail, offering a source to support the main point and thesis statement. Notice that you must cite your source whether you quote directly or paraphrase.

Does the discussion complement the thesis? Does the source support the main point?

The conclusion offers closure to the audience by discussing a possible solution to the issue . It connects the main points and summarizes the thesis . Similar to how the introduction draws the reader into your essay, the conclusion is the last thing they read. Therefore, keep it clear and to the point to leave a positive impression.

Expository Essay - Key Takeaways

  • The definition of an expository essay is an essay that "exposes" information to educate an audience.
  • Expository essays are fact-based and share information with the audience in an objective, academic tone.
  • Expository essays regularly show up on exams because they measure students' ability to structure a compelling argument and examine evidence.
  • Formats of expository essays include cause and effect, process, definition, or compare and contrast.
  • Brainstorming and outlining your expository essay help to organize your thoughts and make writing the thesis statement and essay more manageable.

1 "Heart Disease and African Americans." Black/African Americans . U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2022.

2 "Diabetes and African Americans." Black/African Americans . U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2022.

3 Vance, Kalah Elantra, "Culture, Food, and Racism: The Effects on African American Health." Honors Theses . 2018.

Frequently Asked Questions about Expository Essay

--> what is the meaning of an expository essay.

An expository essay is logical and fact-based essay. It presents information in an objective manner with an academic tone.

--> How do you write an expository essay?

To write an expository essay use one of the common formats: cause and effect, definition, explaining a process, or compare and contrast to share information.

--> What is the structure of an expository essay?

An expository essay is structured into an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

--> What are examples of an expository essay?

Examples of expository essays include: how-to articles, cause and effect articles, compare and contrast articles, and define and explore essays

--> What are the uses of an expository essay?

An expository essay is used to measure a student's ability to examine evidence and compose a rational argument.

Final Expository Essay Quiz

Expository essay quiz - teste dein wissen.

An _____ essay objectively provides information with an academic tone.

Show answer

Show question

A cause and effect expository essay explores the real-life consequences of _____.

An action or idea

A process expository essay describes the way something works _____.

A _____ expository essay examines the similarities and differences between two things.

Compare and contrast

A _____ expository essay explores an object or concept in detail.

How is an outline useful to an expository essay?

An outline is useful to an expository essay because it organizes your thoughts to make the writing process easier.

What is the structure of an expository essay?

An expository essay is structured into an Introduction, Body Paragraphs, and a Conclusion.

What is a thesis statement?

A thesis statement outlines your argument and lists the main points of your essay.

What do you learn while writing expository essays?

All of the above

True or False: Before reading your expository essay, you should assume the audience knows something about your subject.

False. When writing your expository essay, you should assume the audience has no prior knowledge of the subject. Provide background information and explain technical terms.

It creates a series of consequences.

Ripple effect

It's written in chronological order and describes how something works in steps.

Process explanation

It's when an expository essay looks into its subject matter in more depth, for example, by exploring the history of an item.

It's when you discuss how two objects or concepts are alike and different.

It    requires you to start with an action or idea and examine its   ripple effect .

Cause and effect

It finishes your introduction paragraph.

Thesis statement

It's logical and analytical.

Expository essay

It's unbiased and explanatory.

Each features a key point.

A body paragraph

It may contain a solution.

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Expository Essays: A Complete Guide

Lindsay Kramer

You write a lot of essays, and while they might share some broad characteristics such as their structure, they can be quite different from each other. Some essays are meant to convince the reader that the position you’re arguing is the correct position, while others explore the differences and similarities between literary works. Beyond these, you might also be assigned to write essays that explain subjects, events, and concepts to the reader, sometimes walking them through processes. These essays are known as expository essays. 

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What is an expository essay?

An expository essay is an essay that communicates factual information. Broadly, this type of writing is known as expository writing . Expository essays rely on different structures to communicate their positions, like compare and contrast, process essays, and analyzing cause and effect. 

Expository writing is one of the four main types of writing . The others are persuasive, narrative , and descriptive writing. 

Knowing how to write an expository essay, along with knowing how to write other types of essays , is an essential skill for any student to master. Expository writing isn’t the place to be cute, clever, or edgy; it’s the kind of writing where you position facts and observations to let them speak for themselves in the most effective way possible. It’s the kind of writing you do when you’re analyzing information you’ve been assigned to study, thinking critically about concepts covered in class, and explaining the processes and reasons behind the conclusions you’ve reached. 

The purpose of expository writing

Expository writing has a clear purpose: to educate the reader. While it may also entertain or persuade the reader, these are secondary benefits and not the author’s goal. Well-crafted expository writing demonstrates the author’s expertise on the subject and in many cases demonstrates how they learned about their subject.

For example, you might be assigned to write an essay about the mock trial your class held. In this essay, you would introduce the assignment and the case your class worked on through the trial. Then in the following body paragraphs , you would describe each stage in the mock trial process (discovery, opening statements, cross-examination, closing statements, jury deliberation, and verdict) and how your class completed each of these stages. In the final paragraph, you would state the verdict your class reached and the judge’s ruling. 

Your essay about the mock trial doesn’t argue that the ruling was right or wrong. It merely explains the process your class used to work through the trial process and learn how real court cases move through the court system. In other words, your essay would present facts and process rather than opinion and commentary.

5 types of expository essays

As we mentioned above, expository essays come in many forms. These include the following:

1 Classification essays

In a classification essay, you write about various subjects within one category, discussing each subject’s unique characteristics alongside the characteristics that connect it with others in its category. For example, you might write a classification essay about different kinds of herding dogs. Your essay would start with a thesis statement about how herding breeds are different from other categories of dogs, then in each paragraph, discuss specific herding breeds (corgi, collie, heeler, etc.). 

2 Definition essays

A definition essay defines its subject by presenting clear facts about it. Your definition essay might challenge commonly repeated myths about a historical event by presenting firsthand accounts of the event from primary sources and discussing relevant social, political, and economic trends that impacted the event and influenced perceptions of it. 

3 Process essays

A process essay walks the reader through the steps involved in completing a task. A recipe has a lot in common with a process essay. A process essay’s opening paragraph explains the process that will be covered and the end result of following the directions. Each body paragraph is a step in the process, then the conclusion explains what the reader should have achieved by completing each step. 

4 Compare-and-contrast essays

In a compare-and-contrast essay , you support your thesis statement by examining the differences and similarities between the sources cited. For example, you might write an essay comparing and contrasting the dress code at your school with the dress codes at two neighboring schools. Your body paragraphs might examine the differences in which articles of clothing are and aren’t allowed as well as the overall preciseness of each dress code’s language and the amount of “gray area” present in each policy. 

5 Cause-and-effect essays

As the name implies, a cause-and-effect essay gets into how specific events and/or actions caused others to occur. They sometimes trace chains of events to explore why we find ourselves facing certain circumstances today. An example of a cause-and-effect essay might be one tracking how shifting market trends over the past few decades impacted the industries in your region, creating the current local economy. 

How to structure an expository essay

Expository essays follow the same general structure you use with every essay assignment : an introduction, body paragraphs that support and expand upon the points you made in your introduction, then a conclusion that reiterates those points and underscores your thesis. 

Unless your instructor requires your essay to hit a certain word count, there’s no specific length your essay needs to be. Similarly, it doesn’t need to have a specific number of paragraphs—but it does need to express your points thoroughly and accurately. To achieve this, your essay should follow this format, give or take the quantity of body paragraphs for the number of supporting points you make: 


In the introduction, you present your essay topic and your thesis statement, ideally hooking your reader with intriguing facts. You also introduce your supporting evidence and all necessary context to help your reader understand your thesis. 

Body paragraph

Each supporting point you make needs its own body paragraph. Although the five-paragraph essay is typically considered the “standard” essay length, you might need a six-paragraph or longer essay to thoroughly communicate your thesis statement. 

Use transition words and sentences to transition between body paragraphs. Transition words and sentences are the phrases that express the relationship between two paragraphs, signaling to the reader why you’re making a specific point and how that point fits into your overall work. 

In your last body paragraph, you’ll need to transition to your conclusion. That doesn’t mean you should start summarizing here—give your final body paragraph as much insight and detail as you gave your previous body paragraphs. 

In your conclusion , you restate your thesis statement and summarize the points you made in your body paragraphs. It should neatly tie up any loose ends and answer any lingering questions the reader may have. 

How do you write an expository essay?

Before you write your next expository essay, familiarize yourself with the conventions and rules for essay writing . These general guidelines will help you structure your essay and determine the most effective way to present your information. But because you’re writing an expository essay, it’s also important that you understand and incorporate all the characteristics that separate expository essays from other kinds of writing. Keep the following rules for expository writing in mind:

  • Despite the taboo, insects make an excellent food source and could stem humanity’s looming food shortage, based on both their protein output and the sustainability of farming them.
  • The backlash to rock ’n’ roll music in the ’50s by religious groups and traditionalists actually boosted the genre’s popularity instead of diminishing it as intended.
  • Your tone should be objective and academic . While narrative and descriptive essays can take on artistic, impassioned, and familiar tones, expository essays stick to conventional language and a neutral tone.
  • Stick to the facts. An expository essay is not the place to express your opinion—or even present the facts in a way meant to change or shape the reader’s opinion. 
  • Always be completely sure of the facts you’re presenting. That means thoroughly vetting your sources, cross-checking them with other reputable sources, and properly citing every fact you put forth as the truth.

Start writing your expository essay the same way you would start the writing process for any other project: by brainstorming. If you weren’t assigned a topic, you’ll need to determine an appropriate topic on your own—brainstorming is where you’ll determine that topic. It’s also where you’ll determine your thesis statement, the most important component of your expository essay . Don’t move forward with outlining your essay until you have a thesis statement. 

Once you have a clear thesis statement, it’s time to outline your essay. With an expository essay, it’s especially important that you present accurate facts in a logical way. It can be very helpful to note your sources for each paragraph in your outline. 

With a completed outline, it’s time to start writing. Follow the standard writing process through this first draft, editing, and your revision. Once you’re finished, make sure you proofread your essay carefully—not only for grammar and spelling mistakes, but to double-check that you’ve properly cited every source and formatted your essay according to your assigned style guide.  

You write the essay, Grammarly gives it extra polish

In an expository essay, it’s especially important that your writing is mistake-free. Having spelling and grammatical mistakes in your writing undermines your credibility as a writer, so even if your ideas and insights are solid, readers won’t get as much out of your work as they would if it had no mistakes.

That’s why proofreading is so important . . . and why Grammarly is so helpful. Before you submit your essay, use Grammarly to catch any mistakes or unclear sentences that might have sneaked past you while you were proofreading your work. It can also ensure that the tone you’re using is the tone you want to be using—and that it’s consistent through your whole essay. 

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