Human Trafficking Essay Topics, Outline, & Example [2023]

“People for sale” is a phrase that describes exactly what human trafficking is. It also makes for an attention-grabbing title for an essay on this subject. You are going to talk about a severe problem, so it’s crucial to hook the reader from the get-go.

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A human trafficking essay is an assignment where you discuss causes, effects, or potential solutions to the problem of modern slavery. A well-written essay can help raise awareness of this complicated issue.

In this article by our custom writing experts, you will find:

  • 220 human trafficking essay topics;
  • a writing guide;
  • an essay sample;
  • helpful info on human trafficking.
  • 🔝 Top 10 Topics
  • ❓ What Is Human Trafficking?
  • ✍️ Topics for Any Essay Type
  • 📝 Essay Outline
  • 📑 Essay Sample
  • ✏️ Frequent Questions

🔝 Top 10 Human Trafficking Essay Topics

  • History of slavery.
  • Slavery in literature.
  • Human trafficking awareness.
  • Modern slavery: legislation.
  • Cultural background of traffickers.
  • Globalization and human trafficking.
  • Human trafficking vs. human rights.
  • Modern slavery and kidnapping.
  • Human trafficking rates by country.
  • Human trafficking effects on the economy.

❓ What Is Human Trafficking?

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime determines human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, harboring, or receipt of persons for the purpose of sexual slavery, exploitation, forced labor, organs removal, etc.

The picture shows the definition of human trafficking.

According to the recent reports of the Council of Europe,  human trafficking rates have reached epidemic proportions . Millions of people are being trafficked for different reasons, primarily for sexual exploitation and forced labor. Women and children are the primary victims of human trafficking , which makes the problem especially acute.

One of the most worrying factors that directly impact the increase in trafficking rates is the growing number of refugees and migrants. It’s the largest seen since WWII, and it has intensified during the last years.

Types of Human Trafficking

Before you start writing your essay, it’s essential to review the forms of human trafficking. Knowing them will help you see the bigger picture. Here are the most common ones.

Additionally, victims of human smuggling and child trafficking are often involved in various kinds of labor. While sexual exploitation is one of the major reasons for trafficking, it’s not the only one. These are also serious problems that you can focus on in your essay.

According to Polaris Project, there are 25 types of modern slavery . Among them are:

  • Manufacturing in sweatshops;
  • Agricultural work;
  • Food and cleaning services;
  • Beauty and massage salons.

Note that each of these practices has unique traits. It means there are specific methods of recruitment and control associated with them. Make sure to take all essential features of human trafficking into account when writing your essay.

The History of Human Trafficking

If we go back in time, we can see that human trafficking has a long history. Here are some of its milestones:

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As you now know, human trafficking is inextricably linked to other crimes against human rights. And the eradication of this phenomenon depends on both governments and ordinary citizens.

What Is Being Done to Stop Human Trafficking

In recent decades, a lot has been done to curb slavery. The United Nations General Assembly has established the World Day against Trafficking in Persons on July 30 . It was done to raise awareness of the situation and promote and protect victims’ rights.

One of the essential frameworks used to combat human trafficking is the 3P: prosecution, protection, and prevention .

Sometimes “ partnership ” is added as the fourth P. Since human trafficking became a pandemic, it requires a combined effort of people working together to overcome this problem. You can learn more about the 3P paradigm from this article by the US Department of State .

You may ask, “What can I do?” Here are some ways in which anyone can help fight human trafficking:

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  • In each country, there is a hotline where you can report on a known case of human trafficking or an attempt at recruiting.
  • Be attentive to various kinds of controversial proposals and promises of a better life.
  • Try to avoid bad company.

These recommendations may seem simple, but they can help you stay away from danger, spread awareness, and even save lives.

Before you start writing a human trafficking essay, you need to find a compelling topic. Check out the following list of topics and prompts and choose a subject that interests you.

✍️ Human Trafficking Topics for Any Essay Type

Human Trafficking Argumentative Essay Topics

  • We should let survivors inform the public about the dangers of trafficking .
  • State laws should protect the rights of trafficking survivors.
  • Victim behavior is not the reason for the actions of criminals.
  • Present medical facts about the ability of humans to survive a trauma .
  • What psychological techniques do criminals use to lure victims?
  • School is a safe haven for children from disadvantaged families.
  • High social status is not a guarantee of protection against traffickers.
  • Deception as a tool for controlling victims of modern slavery .
  • Family can provide significant support to a victim of human trafficking .
  • Physical violence and threats are the chief tools for controlling traffickers.
  • Health workers should follow safety rules when rescuing trafficking victims .
  • Countries providing financial advantages for anonymous economic activities should be held accountable.
  • Psychologists should comply with ethical standards when assisting victims of trafficking.
  • Countries with high trafficking rates should develop maps showing hotspots.
  • Victims of modern slavery are not to blame: justification from the criminal perspective.
  • Whom should we hold responsible for what happens to the victims in captivity?
  • Will economic support for vulnerable groups help reduce the level of human trafficking?
  • Prolonged captivity reduces the chances of adaptation after release.
  • Exercise and physical activity help victims of trafficking to overcome trauma .
  • Medication alone is ineffective in combating PTSD among trafficking victims.

Human Trafficking Argumentative Essay Prompts & Tips

  • Who is responsible for human trafficking—the government, police , or society? There is no sufficient progress in stopping human trafficking . This is mainly due to the absence of an unequivocal opinion about who is responsible for the situation. Give your own ideas in this essay.
  • The need to inform the public about human trafficking . Demonstrate the necessity to convey this information to the masses. You can also suggest ways of doing it.
  • Immediate assistance for the victims of modern slavery . Show why it is important to provide psychological aid to rescued victims. What is the role of nurses and community organizations in it?
  • Psychological help to victims of human trafficking: group therapy . Group therapy is based on awareness and acceptance of trauma. These actions are the basis of PTSD treatment . Decide whether it’s the optimal solution for victims’ psychological rehabilitation.
  • Countries with widespread human trafficking should develop appropriate laws. Legislation changes are a crucial element of an integrated approach. In this essay, provide a list of existing laws and possible new regulations.
  • The devastating impact of modern slavery. Describe the disastrous consequences that victims of human trafficking face. Find stories describing their lives in various media. How did they become victims? What happened to them after release from captivity?
  • Tightening police measures as a way to stop human trafficking . Women and children are especially vulnerable targets for traffickers. Demonstrate the need to enable the police to protect them better.
  • The high rate of trafficking indicates a high crime rate in a country. Determine which countries have the highest human trafficking rates. What are the related crimes observed there? Is there a correlation?
  • The use of technology to catch criminals and traffickers. In this essay, discuss technologies that can help officials stop traffickers. For instance, satellite imagery allows identifying places of victims’ detention.
  • International financial law is one of the best ways to stop human trafficking . Would the right to disclose anonymous bank accounts help reduce such crimes? What new laws and agreements are required to allow this?

For an argumentative essay, you need to conduct extensive research and present evidence to support your claim (check out our argumentative essay guide to learn more.) Here are the main steps:

Human Trafficking Persuasive Essay Topics

  • An anti-trafficking tax will help decrease the modern slavery rates.
  • Is preventing new cases of slavery more critical than saving victims?
  • Modern slavery is a serious problem that the CIA should address.
  • Ignoring human trafficking is the same as neglecting Nazism .
  • Forced labor is an economic problem as it is caused by poverty.
  • Border control no longer solves the problem of forced labor.
  • Should producers of weapons pay an anti-trafficking tax?
  • Imprisonment for paying for escort services will stop human trafficking .
  • Will stricter gun control laws help stop human trafficking?
  • Victims of human trafficking should receive lifetime financial compensation.
  • Human trafficking is a national problem that requires coordination of efforts.
  • Treatment of human trafficking victims is a responsibility of society as well as psychologists.
  • Two-year state-funded hospital treatment will help survivors to cope with the trauma .
  • Are social networks a determining factor in the spread of human trafficking?
  • Assess gender disparity in using the labor of human trafficking victims.
  • Did the political polarization of society lead to an increase in people smuggling?
  • Immigration laws are an effective means of combating modern slavery.
  • Human traffickers’ family members capable of domestic violence should share responsibility with criminals.
  • Civil and human rights protection laws do not sufficiently address human trafficking.
  • People smuggling is not a crime from the criminals’ perspective: is this statement true?

Tips & Persuasive Essay Prompts Related to Human Trafficking

  • The President must take personal responsibility. The problem of human trafficking is more acute than ever. It requires the immediate intervention of the President and Vice President. For example, they can declare the upcoming year the year of the fight against human trafficking.
  • Criminals guilty of human trafficking should be kept in special prisons . The government should create special jails for rapists and human traffickers with a stricter regime. Moreover, we should prevent these criminals from becoming part of society again. Is this proposal fair?
  • Trafficking should be punished with life imprisonment . Today, life imprisonment is mainly reserved for murder. Should human trafficking be penalized to the fullest extent?
  • Can self-defense lessons help to avoid the risk of being captured by traffickers? Do you agree that schools should introduce a martial arts training system?
  • State laws should permit surveillance in regions with high trafficking rates. Debate whether security is more important than the right to anonymity. Should the government allow the police to access people’s data ?
  • Public organizations that help the survivors should take official responsibility. If non-governmental associations take it, they can receive financial support. It will help them cooperate more effectively with the police. Do you agree?
  • The existence of human trafficking in a country: deontology, utilitarianism and egoism. The United States is officially a democracy . However, the human trafficking rates show that America is close to a feudal society. Criminal ties among the upper class also enforce it.
  • Fines as a way to motivate social workers and patrol officers to fight human trafficking. Many activists and police officers work in areas with high human trafficking rates. Do you agree that governments should fine them? Would a system of moderate fines motivate them to be more responsible?
  • People who cannot pay rent are easy targets for traffickers. The government should prevent homelessness to combat human trafficking. For instance, it can compensate for the rent of vulnerable demographics.
  • Homelessness as the main reason for being captured by traffickers. Homelessness deprives a person of protection. States with the highest human trafficking rates should start building shelters for the homeless. The state should provide them with food, clothing, jobs, and education. This way, traffickers won’t capture them into slavery.

A persuasive essay aims to convince the reader to share your opinion. You can do it by citing facts and statistics (check out our persuasive essay guide for more info.) Here’s how to write it:

Human Trafficking Informative Essay Topics

  • How do international organizations fight modern slavery?
  • Human trafficking in developed African countries.
  • Outline the demography of human trafficking in the US .
  • How does society stigmatize trafficking survivors ?
  • Fair trade as a way to combat modern slavery.
  • Sex trafficking from a feminist perspective.
  • The role of photography in the fight against forced labor.
  • Fighting human trafficking on the dark web .
  • Media coverage of human trafficking : ethical aspects.
  • Review how anyone can help combat human trafficking .
  • Association of human trafficking with social insecurity.
  • How can medical institutions provide safety to victims of trafficking?
  • Review the political and economic effects of human trafficking in the US.
  • What lessons can the US learn from the trafficking situation in Eastern Europe?
  • Forced labor and higher education in the US: programs for survivors.
  • What US laws protect victims of slavery and define criminal activities?
  • Review government statistics on forced labor in the US over the last five years.
  • Which American states have the highest human trafficking rates?
  • Modern slavery in the Arab world : from ancient times to modern days.
  • Using technology to combat forced labor: the latest solutions.

Tips & Informative Writing Prompts for Human Trafficking Essays

  • Measures that governments can take to reduce human trafficking . Review legal and informative measures to combat modern slavery. You can base this essay on reports from official government agencies.
  • Human trafficking: types, symptoms , and effects. For this essay, present the kinds of trafficking according to the official categorization. It includes divisions according to age, gender, and type of forced labor. You can also describe the symptoms commonly found in victims.
  • The history of human trafficking : from ancient times to the 21 st century. Start by describing ancient cultures that used forced labor. Alternatively, you may focus on the history of slavery in the US . Include the latest statistics on reported cases of human trafficking.
  • Human trafficking and fundamental humanistic values. Outline humanistic values that are violated by forced labor. Back it up with arguments drawn from the works of famous humanists.
  • What are the consequences of human trafficking for victims? Describe the trauma that people develop while in captivity. Use reports from national and global organizations. What physiological symptoms are associated with adaptation after release?
  • How does the US deal with the problem of reporting on forced labor? Present ways of communicating the risks of human trafficking. Base this essay on government anti-trafficking reports. Include a list of trafficker indicators and other red flags.
  • Environments that put a person in danger of becoming a victim of human trafficking. These include unemployment , homelessness, and the absence of immigration status. You can base this essay on data from governmental reports.
  • Informing the population as means of reducing human trafficking rates. Does informing people actually reduce the number of potential victims? Review the best informing strategies used by community organizations.
  • Why are migrants the most vulnerable population group in terms of human trafficking? In this essay, provide information on migrants’ life circumstances. Mention the aspects that make them the most vulnerable demographic. Examples include unemployment and insecurity before the law. You can also present the most common schemes by which traffickers capture migrants.
  • New approaches to mitigating the effects of modern slavery in psychotherapy . Describe what methods therapists use to help slavery victims. You can present a list of optimal practices for restoring the integrity of survivors’ personalities. For this essay on human trafficking, use scientific articles and reports from practicing therapists.

An informative essay should educate the reader on something they didn’t know before. Have a look at this outline:

Topics for an Expository Essay on Human Trafficking

  • Assess social adaptation methods for victims of sexual slavery.
  • Social adaptation of men who worked for traffickers in captivity.
  • Police memo: evidence sufficient to detain a trafficker.
  • Describe how to identify a trafficker based on 7 criteria.
  • Power of the image: photo reports on human trafficking.
  • Anonymous story of a sexual slavery survivor.
  • Present a psychological and demographic portrait of a trafficker.
  • Describe the conditions of human traffickers’ detention.
  • Dealing with trauma in children who have been in labor slavery.
  • Human trafficking in the Southern and Northern states.
  • How to restore citizenship and documents after release from captivity.
  • How can human trafficking survivors get free medical care ?
  • Who is more effective in stopping human trafficking : government agencies or community organizations?
  • Being in captivity during the war , in forced labor, or sexual slavery: psychological consequences.
  • Gender differences in human trafficking victims’ labor.
  • Modern slavery’s connection to the criminal underworld in the Northern states.
  • Enumerate the reasons why homeless people can end up in captivity.
  • How many years does adaptation take for human trafficking survivors?
  • Explore the modern meaning of the word “slavery.”
  • Discuss ways of psychological support for the families of slavery victims.

Modern Day Slavery Writing Prompts & Tips for Expository Essays

  • Human trafficking and modern slavery: real stories told by the media. Review several articles about falling into slavery. You can focus on press coverage from the 2010s. The stories of survivors will speak for themselves.
  • Non-governmental organizations of the USA assisting victims: the power of community . Present five influential organizations from California, Texas, Florida, Ohio, and Nevada. Assess the personal contributions of staff. What is the role of local communities?
  • How to help a friend if they’ve become a victim of human trafficking . In this essay, list tactics and strategies for assisting forced labor victims. Pay particular attention to compliance with safety regulations.
  • What is it like to be a forced labor victim? A more creative task is to describe the situation from the inside. Can victims try to escape and free themselves from slavery? What is the role of psychological pressure from traffickers? How can an ordinary person cope with such a monstrous challenge?
  • Prostitution, forced labor, and organ trafficking : a comparison. In addition, describe what forms of modern slavery prevail in different countries.
  • Therapy methods in human trafficking survivors. Review what therapy practices are the most suitable for working with the survivors.
  • An overview of common human trafficking schemes. These often involve vulnerable demographics, including illegal immigrants and adolescents from underprivileged communities.
  • In what conditions do human trafficking victims live? In this paper, explain how life in captivity affects one’s mental health . Determine the connections between trauma and the body’s response to it.
  • Ways of integration of human trafficking survivors. Review the best strategies for their adaptation to everyday life. Give examples of social adaptation that include education and employment.
  • Human trafficking in the Southern and Border States. Study the situation in Texas, California, Florida, Georgia, and Arizona. Then, describe how to solve the problem. Don’t forget to emphasize the role of social work with illegal migrants.

An expository essay includes a thesis statement, evidence, and a logical conclusion. You can also use elements of creative writing in your paper (feel free to read our expository essay guide for more info.) Here are the main steps:

Human Trafficking Research Paper Topics

  • Survival in an unfamiliar city: is an escape from slavery possible?
  • What prevents citizens from recognizing victims of human trafficking?
  • Are monthly payments for human trafficking survivors justified?
  • Dietary adaptation for malnourished forced labor survivors.
  • How do the police investigate slavery markets?
  • Economic levers to combat human trafficking: practical approaches.
  • Describe global criminal connections that lead to modern slavery.
  • Being in captivity leads to psychological trauma inherited by victims’ children.
  • The use of figureheads on social media is a successful tactic against traffickers.
  • Five app projects that will help avoid becoming a human trafficking victim.
  • We should ban goods produced by forced labor worldwide.
  • Human trafficking transportation problems as an opportunity to catch criminals.
  • Research the use of symbolic language in informing victims of human trafficking.
  • Funding for the installation of video surveillance systems to catch traffickers.
  • People from what socio-economic background are the most vulnerable to child labour and exploitation?
  • How can we combat human trafficking during a pandemic ?
  • Ethics of business and economic relations as a way to combat slavery.
  • Informing vulnerable groups about human trafficking and attracting them to cooperation.
  • Coordinated interaction of police departments is the key to success in combating people smuggling.

Human Trafficking Research Paper Prompts & Tips

  • Deficiencies in US law determine success or failure in the fight against human trafficking. US legislation on human trafficking includes several rules. International acts and agreements also guide it. Nonetheless, the US laws, especially in the leading states, require urgent revision.
  • Human trafficking as modern slavery: history repeating itself. Draw analogies between the trends and schemes from the past and the present. What historical practices can be effective in combating slavery? In particular, this concerns the anti-slavery movement and public awareness.
  • Domestic human trafficking in the US shows increasing tendencies. Here, analyze the growth of domestic human trafficking cases. Demonstrate the need to create new approaches to catch criminals.
  • Technology companies can stop human trafficking. The luring of victims often occurs on social media . Should social networking companies be penalized for failing to act against criminals?
  • Can social media campaigns help protect potential victims? It’s necessary to create a program that will inform users about the dangers of trafficking . This method of targeted communication can be very effective.
  • City officials should be ready to engage in the fight against modern slavery. Provide examples of American cities that are actively fighting human trafficking. What approaches and practices can be adopted throughout the US?
  • Medical institutions are the main asset in combating human trafficking. More than three-quarters of victims receive medical care while in captivity. Health workers have the legal right to place a patient in a hospital and protect them from contact with criminals. This approach has been successful in many states.
  • The police have insufficient funding to combat human trafficking. The police are conducting successful investigations, and there are many cases of solved human trafficking crimes. The state can grant more money to the police to uncover more trafficking schemes. It will allow using more advanced technologies in search of criminals.

The picture shows a fact about trafficking laws in different states.

  • Hotlines should be more accessible to victims of trafficking. Hotlines are highly effective in combating human trafficking. They are easy to find on the Internet, but captive victims rarely have access to the network. How can we improve this situation?
  • Families of trafficking victims and their participation in the search. Demonstrate the need to establish a format for families’ closer cooperation with the police. Would it help to conduct police investigations more effectively? Should we allow families to conduct their own investigations?
  • The US is responsible for the success of international cooperation against human trafficking.

To write a research paper, you study the available information, analyze it, and make conclusions. Here’s a human trafficking research paper outline:

Causes of Human Trafficking Essay Topics

  • Discuss psychological factors of human trafficking.
  • What personal reasons make people become traffickers?
  • Greed as a major reason for human trafficking.
  • What are the major causes of sex trafficking ?
  • Substantial profit as one of the human trafficking root causes.
  • Explore the reasons for forced marriages.
  • How does social media promote people trafficking?
  • Commercialized sex and its contribution to human trafficking.
  • Does authoritarianism promote human trafficking?
  • Compare the cases of human trafficking in the United States and Thailand.
  • Explore the court cases of traffickers. Does the judicial system cope with its duties?
  • Why are weak anti-trafficking policies the primary cause of people’s exploitation ?
  • Discuss the role of government in human trafficking.
  • Investigate the reforms on human trafficking. How effective are these measures?
  • Lack of relevant laws leads to more trafficking cases. Do you agree?
  • Should legal punishments apply to victims as well as traffickers?
  • Why is ethnicity one of the main factors of people trafficking ?
  • Explore the connection between drug addiction and slavery.
  • Violent force and threats as major leverages of traffickers.
  • Naivety leads to becoming a victim of traffickers. Provide your arguments.

Causes of Human Trafficking Essay Prompts & Tips

  • What are the leading causes of human trafficking ? Your essay may start with the definition of people trafficking. Think about social and economic factors. Dig into history to find the reasons. Most importantly, look at this issue from various angles.
  • Explore poverty as one of the reasons for human trafficking. How does poverty influence people? Can it force them to behave illegally? What are people ready to do for money?
  • Migration : is it a cause or a consequence of human trafficking? Some people are so eager to immigrate to developed countries that they can do anything. They are even ready to sell their children to get money or sell themselves into slavery. At the same time, others become traffickers to move to another country.
  • Discuss the connection between human trafficking and education. Think about the following: If a person lacks education, they lack knowledge about their rights. They can be deluded more easily. Following this logic, these individuals can become desired prey for traffickers.
  • What is the role of war in human trafficking? Do armed conflicts provoke or prevent the spread of slavery? How do they facilitate the development of this problem? Is smuggling flourishing in countries that are at war? These are excellent questions to start with.
  • What are the effects of cheap labor demand ? Supply and demand are two pillars of economics. If there were no need for a cheap working force, traffickers wouldn’t exploit people so easily. They force their victims to work almost for free while selling the goods at a high price.
  • Investigate institutional racism as a root cause of people trafficking. Who is the most vulnerable social class ? Naturally, these are marginalized groups. They lack protection at a constitutional level. That’s why they can become victims of traffickers.
  • Cultural and social causes of human trafficking. For some nations, selling children, slavery, smuggling, and bonded labor are commonplace. In some countries, such as Uzbekistan, people are forced to work in the cotton fields by the authorities. If you do research, you will see many similar examples worldwide.
  • How do natural disasters facilitate human trafficking? The consequences of some natural disasters force people to migrate and find alternative ways to earn money. Some of them have no other option but to let themselves be exploited. 
  • How does the absence of safe migration conditions assist people trafficking?  Many people from developing countries want to move to the United States to achieve their American Dream . Traffickers delude fortune seekers, promising well-paid jobs and help in crossing the border.

Discussing human trafficking in a cause-and-effect essay is an excellent way to investigate this issue in detail. You can learn how to write it from our article on cause-and-effect essays . Here’s a recap:

Solutions to Human Trafficking Essay Topics

  • How can employers help stop human trafficking?
  • Producing films about slavery : is it a problem solution?
  • How can we stop human trafficking by learning the indicators?
  • How can people protect themselves from traffickers when going abroad?
  • Why should employers stop using cheap labor?
  • Compare and contrast solutions to labor and sex trafficking .
  • The role of parents and caregivers in preventing forced labor.
  • How can civic awareness stop human trafficking ?
  • What is more important: to persecute traffickers or to protect victims?
  • In what ways can attorneys help stop people smuggling ? 
  • Can creating a reliable online platform for job searching help reduce slavery?
  • Educational curriculum : should students be taught how to indicate and prevent human trafficking?
  • Investigate the list of goods produced by child exploitation as a form of human trafficking. How does this information influence people’s choices?
  • Forewarned is forearmed: discuss the effectiveness of anti-trafficking non-profit websites .
  • How can stricter validity checks on job-searching websites solve the issue of modern slavery?
  • Can the implementation of severe punishments for human trafficking help to curb the problem?
  • Legalization of prostitution as a way of preventing sex trafficking.
  • How can timely identification of human trafficking indicators save the lives of the victims? 
  • Fighting against poverty and unemployment as a means of preventing people smuggling.
  • Watching documentaries about modern slavery as a problem solution.

Solutions to Human Trafficking Essay Prompts & Tips

  • What are the primary solutions to human trafficking? Think about the following: How can this problem be solved on personal and national levels? It’s crucial to mention self-awareness , education, volunteering , and the role of charity organizations. You may also address the necessity to change the law.
  • Human trafficking: an international approach. The issue of modern slavery is a global problem. That’s why it should be dealt with at the international level. The authorities all over the world should unite to fight against people trafficking.
  • Compare and contrast the effectiveness of volunteering and adopting new policies. On the one hand, volunteers attract public attention to the issue of human trafficking. On the other hand, we should protect marginalized groups at the constitutional level. Otherwise, human trafficking will remain flourishing in the future.
  • Coverage of human trafficking cases in social media . Is it a good idea for the victims to share their stories on Instagram, Twitter, or Facebook ? How can it help prevent this issue? Could it lead to the stigmatization of these people by others? You can start by brainstorming these ideas.
  • Discuss whether fundraising is an effective solution to human trafficking. Ponder on how holding a fundraiser helps bring awareness to the problem of modern slavery. What are some other benefits of fundraising, such as financial assistance?
  • Donations help prevent human trafficking. Do you agree? Every person can donate some money, clothes, or even shelter for the victims of human trafficking. Business owners may ensure employment opportunities, giving these people a chance for a better future. Focus on the importance of psychological and legal assistance .
  • How does the media help prevent human trafficking? The media attracts people’s attention to the problem. They become more aware and careful. The cases of victims are widely discussed, leading to more fundraising and volunteering .
  • Explore the anti-trafficking legislation in the United States. Discuss its strengths and drawbacks. What could be changed or done better? Is it effective? How are the rights of marginalized groups protected? These ideas are only the tip of the iceberg.
  • Education opportunities for disadvantaged groups as a way of preventing human trafficking. Should the government provide marginalized people with free education? How can it affect human trafficking? Discuss it in your essay.  
  • Why is a boycott an effective way of preventing human trafficking? If others start rejecting the goods produced by the victims of human trafficking, traffickers won’t get such huge profits. Everyone can make their contribution to the fight against this issue.

A problem-solution essay is particularly suitable for discussing modern slavery. Explore the facts and suggest how to stop this inhumane practice. Here’s how to write about problems and their solutions:

If you haven’t found a suitable topic, feel free to use our topic generator .

📝 Human Trafficking Essay Outline

Before you start writing, let’s have a look at some aspects to consider in your college essay on human trafficking. Here’s the basic template:

The picture shows the outline of a human trafficking essay.

Human Trafficking Essay Introduction: How to Write

The most important part of an essay introduction is a hook. A perfect attention grabber for a human trafficking paper would demonstrate the seriousness of the problem right away. It, in turn, would make your audience eager to read on.

Have a look at some of the ideas for your essay’s hook:

  • Cite statistical data related to the current situation with human trafficking.
  • Start with a stirring quote to appeal to readers’ emotions.
  • Pose a question related to your essay’s topic. Make the reader want to learn the answer.

Besides the hook, it’s logical to start your essay with some background information. This way, even an unprepared reader will understand your essay’s thesis. Think of what your audience may not know about your topic. It will help you determine what to include in this part of the introduction.

Here are some strategies:

  • Tell about the countries and regions with the highest trafficking rates—for example, Thailand, the Philippines, India, South Africa, and Eastern Europe.
  • Mention reasons behind this problem: unemployment, social discrimination, political instability, armed conflicts, etc.
  • Give a solid definition of human trafficking or its specific type. It’s better to formulate your own one rather than take it from a dictionary.

It’s important to notice that your hook and background information should be relevant to your topic. Make sure these elements help to further the understanding of your essay’s main point.

Human Trafficking Essay Thesis

A thesis statement is your essay’s main point formulated in one sentence. It outlines the paper’s direction and provides an answer to the problem stated in the title. You place it at the end of the introduction.

A good thesis statement for a human trafficking essay usually presents the solution to a problem. However, the thesis’ contents depend on your essay’s type. For example, in an informative essay, you don’t need to prove or suggest anything. Instead, you say what you’re going to explain and how you’ll do it.

Once you’ve written the thesis statement, how do you determine whether it’s strong? Well, one way is to answer the questions from the following checklist.

If your answer to all three questions is “yes,” you can be sure of your thesis’s effectiveness.

Finally, don’t forget that the rest of your essay should support your thesis. If necessary, you can rework your statement to better suit the body paragraphs, or vice versa.

Human Trafficking Essay: Main Body

How do you make your essay on human trafficking credible and persuasive? Naturally, you want to add evidence. Here’s how to incorporate it into your paper:

  • It’s better to start collecting your evidence before you start writing. Once you’ve found all the necessary information, it will be easier for you to structure the paragraphs. The point is to focus each section on a single aspect.
  • Start each paragraph with a topic sentence. It should present the main idea that you will then support with evidence. Ideally, your audience should be able to follow your logic by reading the topic sentences alone.
  • Finally, add your evidence. It can be statistics, facts from scholarly articles, quotes, or even anecdotes. Follow it with your explanation of this information. Say how it relates to the topic and supports your thesis.

Human Trafficking Essay Conclusion: Dos & Don’ts

A strong conclusion is a crucial part of any writing. In this final part, you synthesize your essay in a few sentences while adding a twist to it. If a conclusion is done right, it can leave a lasting impression on your readers.

This dos and don’ts list will help you write a perfect conclusion for a human trafficking essay. Check it out:

Don’t forget to introduce statistics in your essay on human trafficking. It’s available on numerous websites of governmental and non-governmental organizations dealing with the problem. You can find more ideas for your paper in our article about writing a child labor essay.

📑 Human Trafficking Essay Examples

We’ve prepared an outstanding sample essay on human trafficking that you can use as inspiration. You’re welcome to download the PDF file below:

Human trafficking is a global problem. It deprives millions worldwide of their freedom and dignity. Traffickers use various tactics to lure children, men, and women into the trap. For that reason, precaution measures should be taken. It is crucial to educate as many people as possible on the issue to ensure everyone’s safety.

Share your thoughts about human trafficking with us! Why do you think slavery is still in demand? If you were a politician, what would you do to prevent it? Tell us your suggestion in comments below!

Learn more on this topic:

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✏️  Human Trafficking Essay FAQ

Human trafficking is a topical issue in society because it’s an inhumane practice that affects millions of people worldwide. Writing on that topic helps understand why it is happening and what can be done about it.

Human trafficking is a very complex phenomenon driven by various economic, social, cultural, and other causes. Factors of a high human trafficking risk are poverty, social instability, exclusion, and lack of education and awareness (e.g., in South Africa.)

Pretty much every fact connected with human trafficking is horrifying. Nearly everything about this phenomenon can be considered a danger. As human trafficking is a form of slavery, it would be naive to presume there are any positive effects whatsoever.

Human trafficking is a serious problem, and you should be able to express your opinion on it. For example, it can be done in the form of an argumentative essay. It is vital to avoid using too many emotionally charged words. Remember to stay objective and provide facts and examples.

🔗 References

  • Tips for Organizing an Argumentative Essay: Judith L. Beumer Writing Center  
  • Human Trafficking Essay: Bartleby  
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment: NHS  
  • Embrace AI, Technology to Beat Human Traffickers: Reuters  
  • Essay Writing: Purdue University  
  • What Is Human Trafficking: Anti-Slavery International  
  • Human Trafficking: Encyclopedia Britannica  
  • End Human Trafficking: United Way  
  • Human Trafficking Facts: CRS  
  • OSCE Resource Police Training Guide: Trafficking in Human Beings: OSCE  
  • Study on the Economic, Social and Human Costs of Trafficking in Human Beings Within the EU:  
  • Writing a Research Paper: University of Wisconsin-Madison  
  • Human Trafficking: FBI  
  • Human Trafficking: Causes and Implications: Research Gate  
  • Writing a Persuasive Essay: Hamilton College  
  • Parts of an Informative Essay: Pen and the Pad  
  • Expository Essay Outline: Columbus City Schools  
  • Introductions & Conclusions: University of Arizona  
  • Writing the Introduction: Monash University  
  • How to Write a Thesis Statement: Indiana University Bloomington  
  • Writing a Thesis Statement: Piedmont University   
  • 4 Ways Anyone Can Fight Human Trafficking: The Muse  
  • What Fuels Human Trafficking?: UNISEF USA  
  • What Is Human Trafficking?: Homeland Security  
  • Psychological Tactics Used by Human Traffickers: Psychology Today  
  • Psychological Coercion in Human Trafficking: An Application of Biderman’s Framework: NIH  
  • Warning Signs of Human Trafficking: State of Nevada  
  • Human Trafficking: US Immigration and Customs Enforcement   
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Human Rights Careers

5 Essays On Human Trafficking You Can Access Freely Online

Every country faces specific human rights issues, but human trafficking is a problem for every place on the planet. Wherever there’s poverty, conflict, a lack of education, or political instability, vulnerable people are at risk. Human trafficking is the world’s fastest-growing criminal industry. Sexual exploitation brings in most of the billions of dollars of profit, but forced labor also generates wealth. The universality of human trafficking doesn’t negate the fact that the issue is multi-faceted and as a multitude of root causes . Certain countries are more dangerous than others and certain people groups are more vulnerable. To learn more about specific human trafficking issues and solutions, here are five essays you can read or download for free:

“Human Trafficking and Exploitation: A Global Health Concern”

By: Cathy Zimmerman and Ligia Kiss

While labor migration can be beneficial to workers and employers, it’s also a hotbed for exploitation. In this essay from PLOS, the authors argue that human trafficking and the exploitation of low-wage workers have significant negative health impacts. Because of the magnitude of human trafficking, health concerns constitute a public health problem. Thanks to certain business models that depend on disposable labor, exploitation is allowed to flourish while protections are weakened. The essay states that trafficking initiatives must focus on stopping exploitation within each stage of labor migration. This essay introduces a special collection from PLOS on human trafficking and health. It’s the first medical journal collection on this topic. It includes pieces on child sex trafficking in the United States and the slavery of sea workers in South East Asia. Cathy Zimmerman and Ligia Kiss, the guest editors and authors of the first essay, are from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

“Introducing The Slave Next Door”

By: Jen Birks and Alison Gardner

Published in a special issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review on public perceptions and responses to human trafficking, this essay focuses on Great Britain. According to the essay, there’s been a shift in what the public thinks about trafficking based on local reporting and anti-slavery campaigns. British communities are starting to realize how prevalent human trafficking is in their own backyards. The essay takes a closer look at the media and campaigns, how they’re representing cases, and what people are doing with the information. While specific to Britain, it’s a good example of how people can perceive trafficking within their borders.

Jen Birks is an Assistant Professor in media at the Department of Cultural, Media, and visual Studies at the University of Nottingham. Alison Gardner is at the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Nottingham with a Nottingham Research Fellowship. She is part of the university’s Rights Lab.

“My Family’s Slave”

By: Alex Tizon

One of The Atlantic’s biggest stories of 2017, this essay tells a personal story of modern slavery. At 18-years old, Lola was given to the writer’s mother and when they moved to the United States, Lola came with them. On the outside, Tizon’s family was, in his words, “a poster family.” The truth was much darker. The essay sparked countless reader responses, including those of people who were once slaves themselves. Reading both the criticism and praise of the essay is just as valuable as the essay itself.

Alex Tizon died at age 57 years old before his essay was published. He had a successful career as a writer and reporter, sharing a Pulitzer Prize while a staff member at The Seattle Times. He also published a 2014 memoir Big Little Man: In Search of My Asian Self.

“Vietnam’s Human Trafficking Problem Is Too Big To Ignore”

By: Thoi Nguyen

In November 2019, 39 Vietnamese people were found dead in a truck container. They were identified as victims of a human trafficking ring. In Nguyen’s article, he explores the facts about the severity of human trafficking in Vietnam. For years, anti-slavery groups have warned the UK about a rise in trafficking, but it took a tragedy for people to start paying attention. Nguyen discusses who is vulnerable to trafficking, how trafficking functions, and Vietnam’s response.

Freelance journalist Thoi Nguyen is a member of Chatham House and a member of Amnesty International UK. In addition to human trafficking, he writes about the economy, finance, and foreign affairs. He’s a specialist in South East Asian geopolitics.

“History Repeats Itself: Some New Faces Behind Sex Trafficking Are More Familiar Than You Think”

By: Mary Graw Leary

This essay highlights how human trafficking isn’t only a criminal enterprise, it’s also an economic one. Leary looks specifically at how businesses that benefit (directly or indirectly) from slavery have always fought against efforts to end it. The essay focuses on government efforts to disrupt online sex trafficking and how companies are working to prevent that from happening. Human trafficking is a multi-billion dollar industry, so it makes sense that even legitimate businesses benefit. Knowing what these businesses are is essential to ending trafficking.

Mary Graw Leary is a former federal prosecutor and currently a professor of law at The Catholic University of America. The Chair of the United States Sentencing Commission’s Victim Advocacy Group, she’s an expert in exploitation, missing persons, human trafficking, and technology.

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About the author, emmaline soken-huberty.

Emmaline Soken-Huberty is a freelance writer based in Portland, Oregon. She started to become interested in human rights while attending college, eventually getting a concentration in human rights and humanitarianism. LGBTQ+ rights, women’s rights, and climate change are of special concern to her. In her spare time, she can be found reading or enjoying Oregon’s natural beauty with her husband and dog.

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critical essay on human trafficking

Most Interesting Human Trafficking Topics to Write about

  • Criminal Inquiries and Human Trafficking
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Good Research Topics about Human Trafficking

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  • Crime , Disease , Human Trafficking , Justice , Sex Trafficking , Slavery , Social Issues , United States

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Some people have a fear of heights, spiders, or even the dark but in America, the level of fear is far greater. Lions, tigers, and bears are the least of the worries for Americans due to the multiplicative issue of sex trafficking. Sex trafficking includes the purchase of women, children, and in some cases men to be used as sex slaves. Instead of recognizing victims and giving them proper assistance, United States citizens and lawmakers disavow human trafficking.

The effects of sex trafficking can be very dangerous and sometimes life-threatening for victims as described in Tish Davidson’s article Human Trafficking . Not only do victims have emotional trauma to live with but also physical trauma and chronic illnesses. Finding ways to prevent trafficking will also prevent the spread of disease and considerably lower the number of people with mental illnesses. Davidson believes that educating individuals of the signs of sex trafficking such as suspicious job offers will greatly reduce the number of victims. Also, encouraging individuals to report suspicious activity to law enforcement will also cut back on this disgusting form of slavery. Davidson reports, Malnourishment can be a problem faced by victims, especially children, who do not have their basic needs taken care of such as health and dental care. Depression, anxiety, panic attacks, and other mental disorders are common among trafficking victims who are forced to live and work in fear. Sexually exploited victims risk being infected by sexually transmitted and other communicable diseases such as sex immunodeficiency virus (HIV), tuberculosis, and hepatitis B. These diseases can become a larger public health threat when they are transmitted across borders through the transportation of human trafficking victims. Victims may also be forced or willingly participate in drug use, adding to the spread of disease. (Davidson) The victims who actually do survive endure physical and emotional trauma which makes others susceptible to these illnesses. The traffickers do not care about the well-being of the victims, they only care about the money and drugs that come from the growing industry. In his article Human Trafficking and Slavery, Kiener states Because of the abundant supply, traffickers do not spend a lot of money on their maintenance. If a slave gets sick or injured, outlives his usefulness or becomes troublesome, he may be dumped or killed (Kiener)

The New Abolitionist Movement is fighting against all forms of human trafficking the main target being sex trafficking. David Canton describes how all aspects of trafficking must be acknowledged and destroyed throughout the world and throughout the country. In his article New Abolitionist Movement Canton explains that the movement provides a way for everyone to fight back against the monsters who are destroying lives, by boycotting and exploiting companies who allow slaves to make their products. The movement is also providing extra assistance to victims of sex trafficking. The New Abolitionist Movement is showing Americans that slavery still exists in the United States and needs to be abolished. Canton claims, Because multinational corporations continue to demand and use cheap labor, the problem of human trafficking and slavery remains. Whereas many Americans view slavery as an issue in developing nations, the new abolitionist movement demonstrates that slavery exists in the United States. The movement has used tactics from other social movements, including publicity, boycotts, and lobbying, to ensure that modern slavery in the United States is eliminated. (Canton)

Securing the United States from outsiders can drastically reduce sex trafficking. If the borders were stronger and had better security, such as a wall around the country or more border patrol officers, that alone would make it nearly impossible for criminals to get into the country in the first place. Statistics show that over 1,500 victims in 2017 were foreigners. (Hotline) This means that at least 1,500 people crossed our border illegally or were brought here against their will. Either way, with a more secure border, those victims would not have been taken in the first place. Although preventing 1,500 individuals from becoming victims is not anywhere near ending sex trafficking, it definitely helps. Vehicle searches at the border should be enforced to prevent kidnapped individuals from crossing over into another country. Once criminals get into the country, it makes it virtually impossible to locate a missing person. In his article Human Trafficking and Slavery, Robert Kiener says Even the United States is not immune. The government estimates that up to 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States each year. And prosecutions are on the rise: In 2011 prosecutors filed 118 cases against traffickers in the United States up 19 percent over 2010 and the most ever charged in a single year. (Kiener) Despite prosecutions being on the rise for suspects, human trafficking still owns many innocent people.

Raising awareness through social media, community groups, and by reaching out to schools will allow patrons to become more educated about sex trafficking. As rapid as stories spread on social media, everyone should be more educated about sex trafficking. Sharing warnings from law enforcement and stories from trafficking victims is a very effective way to bring awareness to the expeditiously growing issue. Gathering communities for monthly meetings and creating a neighborhood watch team will drive traffickers away. If a suspect knows that a community is aware of their surroundings and is on high alert, most likely, they will avoid that area. If teenagers and children were more aware of the dangers of sex trafficking, they would be less likely to become a victim. This is why it is crucial for schools to educate their students and make them less vulnerable. The National Academy of Sciences says in the article Sex Trafficking and Exploitation of Minors :

Despite the gravity of the problem, there is no reliable estimate of the scope or prevalence of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors, the report says; estimates of the number of prostituted children and adolescents in the U.S., for example, have ranged from 1,400 to 2.4 million. These crimes are overlooked and almost surely underreported because they frequently happen at the margins of society and behind closed doors, and the young people involved often do not recognize themselves as victims of abuse. Those especially vulnerable to exploitation include youths who have been neglected or abused; those in foster care or juvenile detention; lesbian, gay, transgender, and bisexual youth; racial and ethnic minorities; and homeless, runaways, and “”thrown-away”” children who have been asked or told to leave home. (Nat’l Academy of Sciences)

Given the statistics of what to look for, there is no reason for minors in the United States to not be educated and aware of sex trafficking. Every parent, teacher, coach, tutor, etc. should be discussing it with minors on a daily basis to ensure the safety of minors and remind them to be aware of everything they do. The cyber form of trafficking is so prevalent amongst minors that it is almost impossible to monitor the internet use of children. Traffickers have discovered ways to track down almost anyone through the internet and children and women are their top priority. Peter Katel states in his article Transitional Crime that Cyber-extortion is part of a much broader problem that the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) calls transnational organized crime. It includes not only cross-border hacking but also ivory and wildlife smuggling, piracy on the open seas, counterfeiting of high-end, name-brand products and trafficking in drugs, human organs, weapons and sex workers (Katel) Katel puts a light on topics the country is trying to dim and shut out. In his article, he discusses how young girls aren’t given an option of whether they are taken or not. It’s absolutely crucial to teach minors about the dangers of human trafficking!

It is crucial for lawmakers and government officials to make sure that the minimum punishment for convicted traffickers is enough to slow the issue down. Kiener states with trafficking on the rise, many are asking whether the laws are tough enough. ‘The short answer is no,’ says George Mason University’s Shelley. Penalties need to be harsher and existing laws need to be better enforced. Given the size of the problem, there are almost no cases. And traffickers are often given minimal sentences because of corruption. There is a lack of political will to get tougher’ (Kiener) If lawmakers do not step up and make the punishment for these crimes more severe, the issue will never be fully seized. When there is no viable punishment, criminals will not be afraid of getting caught. Sex trafficking is a billion dollar industry that is growing nonstop and harsher laws will help demolish the issue. Kiener states that Other than the meager chance of being caught, there is almost no real risk to being a sex trafficker, because of the anemic penalties prescribed in the law, said Siddharth Kara, a fellow on sex trafficking at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. For example, as Kara noted, in India there is no financial penalty for sex slavery; Italy and Thailand also have no financial penalties for sex trafficking. (Kiener) Lawmakers have not been very strict on sex trafficking and that is exactly why it is so rampant.

All things considered, recognizing and reporting suspicious activity of sex trafficking would greatly reduce the number of victims affected. Being aware of your surroundings everywhere is the most common piece of advice given to protect yourself from becoming a victim. The odds of getting kidnapped are significantly greater with vulnerable individuals. Being aware of your surroundings can mean anything from watching your back to keeping a weapon on your person. There is also a sex trafficking hotline (1-888-373-7888) that can easily be saved and called to report suspicious activity.

Works Cited

Canton, David. “”New Abolitionist Movement.”” Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, edited by Patrick L. Mason, Gale, 2nd edition, 2013. Credo Reference, Accessed 14 Nov. 2018.

Davidson, Tish. “”Sex Trafficking.”” Gale Encyclopedia of Public Health, edited by Gale, 1st edition, 2013. Credo Reference, Accessed 14 Nov. 2018.

Kiener, Robert. Human Trafficking and Slavery. Human Trafficking and Slavery, 16 Oct. 2012,

National Academy of Sciences. “”Sex trafficking and exploitation of minors serious problems in the U.S..”” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 September 2013.

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Home — Essay Samples — Social Issues — Human Rights — Human Trafficking

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Trafficking Victims Protection Act

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Human trafficking refers to the abhorrent and exploitative practice of recruiting, transporting, harboring, or receiving individuals through coercion, force, fraud, or deception for the purpose of exploitation. It involves the severe violation of human rights and dignity, targeting vulnerable individuals, particularly women, children, and marginalized populations.

Human trafficking remains a significant issue in the United States, with victims being subjected to various forms of exploitation. While exact figures are difficult to ascertain due to the clandestine nature of the crime, it is estimated that thousands of individuals, including both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals, fall victim to human trafficking within the country's borders each year. The United States serves as both a source and destination country for human trafficking. Victims are often coerced or deceived into various forms of exploitation, including forced labor, sex trafficking, and domestic servitude. Vulnerable populations, such as runaway and homeless youth, undocumented immigrants, and individuals with limited social support, are particularly at risk. The U.S. government, along with nonprofit organizations and law enforcement agencies, has been actively working to combat human trafficking through prevention, prosecution, and protection efforts. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) provides a framework for addressing trafficking crimes, ensuring victim support services, and prosecuting traffickers.

The origins of human trafficking can be traced back to the transatlantic slave trade, where millions of Africans were forcibly transported and enslaved in the Americas. This horrific chapter in history established a foundation of exploitation and commodification of human beings. In the 19th and 20th centuries, human trafficking continued to evolve, taking different forms such as forced labor, sexual exploitation, and child trafficking. During periods of conflict, such as World War II and the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union, vulnerable populations became targets for traffickers seeking to profit from their desperation and displacement. The advent of globalization and advancements in transportation and communication have further facilitated the expansion of human trafficking networks. Poverty, gender inequality, political instability, and weak legal frameworks have created fertile ground for traffickers to exploit individuals, particularly women and children, for various purposes including forced labor, sex trafficking, and organ trafficking.

Sex Trafficking: This involves the recruitment, harboring, or transportation of individuals for the purpose of engaging in commercial sexual activities. Victims are often forced, coerced, or deceived into the sex trade, where they are exploited through prostitution, pornography, or other forms of sexual exploitation. Labor Trafficking: Labor trafficking involves the recruitment and exploitation of individuals for forced labor. Victims are coerced into working under exploitative conditions in industries such as agriculture, construction, domestic work, manufacturing, and hospitality. They may experience physical and psychological abuse, long working hours, withheld wages, and restricted freedom. Child Trafficking: Children are particularly vulnerable to trafficking and can be subjected to both sex trafficking and labor trafficking. They may be trafficked for sexual exploitation, forced begging, child soldiering, or coerced into engaging in hazardous labor. Organ Trafficking: This form of trafficking involves the illegal trade of organs, where victims are coerced or deceived into donating their organs for transplantation. Organ trafficking often exploits individuals who are desperate for financial gain or are marginalized and lack access to healthcare. Forced Marriage: Victims of forced marriage are coerced or deceived into entering a marriage against their will. They may be subjected to physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and have limited freedom and autonomy.

1. Poverty and Economic Vulnerability 2. Gender Inequality 3. Armed Conflict and Political Instability 4. Lack of Awareness and Education 5. Demand for Cheap Labor and Commercial Sex 6. Corruption and Weak Legal Systems

Public opinion on human trafficking is generally characterized by strong condemnation and a call for action to address this grave violation of human rights. Most people recognize the seriousness and urgency of the issue and express empathy towards the victims of trafficking. There is a widespread belief that human trafficking is a heinous crime that exploits vulnerable individuals and perpetuates a cycle of abuse. Public opinion often demands stricter laws and harsher punishments for traffickers, as well as increased efforts to prevent and combat human trafficking. There is a growing recognition that human trafficking is not confined to distant lands but also occurs within local communities, prompting a sense of urgency to address the problem at both national and international levels. Many individuals and organizations actively engage in raising awareness, supporting victim services, and advocating for policy changes to combat human trafficking. Public opinion emphasizes the need for comprehensive approaches that focus on prevention, prosecution of perpetrators, protection of victims, and partnerships among governments, NGOs, and civil society. However, public opinion also highlights the importance of addressing the root causes of human trafficking, such as poverty, inequality, and lack of opportunities, to effectively combat this crime. The public expects governments and authorities to prioritize the fight against human trafficking and to allocate adequate resources to support prevention efforts, victim assistance, and survivor rehabilitation.

Films like "Taken" (2008), "Lilya 4-ever" (2002), and "Trade" (2007) have portrayed the harrowing experiences of trafficking victims, exposing the brutality and exploitation they endure. These films have sparked discussions about the hidden aspects of human trafficking and the need for action. Documentaries such as "Nefarious: Merchant of Souls" (2011) and "The True Cost" (2015) have delved into the intricacies of human trafficking, examining its social, economic, and political dimensions. These documentaries aim to educate the audience and inspire activism against this form of modern-day slavery.

1. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there are an estimated 25 million victims of human trafficking worldwide. 2. Human trafficking is a highly profitable criminal industry, generating an estimated $150 billion in illegal profits each year. 3. Women and girls make up the majority of human trafficking victims, accounting for 71% of all victims globally. 4. The most common form of human trafficking is labor trafficking, which includes forced labor in industries such as agriculture, construction, and manufacturing. 5. Human trafficking also involves the trafficking of individuals for the purpose of sexual exploitation, with women and girls being the most vulnerable. 6. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reports that around 30% of identified trafficking victims are children. 7. Human trafficking is not limited to developing countries; it occurs in all regions of the world, including developed countries. 8. Contrary to common misconceptions, human trafficking can happen within a country's borders, and victims can be trafficked domestically.

Human trafficking is a topic of utmost importance to explore and understand due to its grave humanitarian implications and global impact. Writing an essay about human trafficking sheds light on the hidden and often overlooked aspects of this heinous crime. It provides an opportunity to raise awareness, educate others, and advocate for the protection of human rights. By delving into the complexities of human trafficking, an essay can unveil the harsh realities faced by millions of victims worldwide. It brings attention to the various forms of exploitation, such as sexual exploitation and forced labor, and exposes the vulnerabilities that make individuals susceptible to trafficking. Furthermore, an essay can analyze the factors contributing to the persistence of human trafficking, such as poverty, inequality, and systemic flaws in legal and immigration systems. Addressing this topic also highlights the importance of international cooperation, legislation, and grassroots initiatives in combating human trafficking. It provides a platform to discuss the role of government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector in preventing trafficking, prosecuting offenders, and supporting survivors.

1. Bales, K. (2012). Disposable people: New slavery in the global economy. University of California Press. 2. Chuang, J. (2014). The United States as a source, transit, and destination country for human trafficking. In Human trafficking: A global perspective (pp. 107-124). Cambridge University Press. 3. Clawson, H. J., Dutch, N., Solomon, A., & Grace, L. G. (2009). Human trafficking into and within the United States: A review of the literature. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 4. Gallagher, A. (2010). The international law of human trafficking. Cambridge University Press. 5. Goździak, E. M., & Bump, M. N. (Eds.). (2008). Trafficking in human beings: Modern slavery. University of Pennsylvania Press. 6. Hodge, D. R. (2014). Social work and human trafficking: A multidimensional approach. Oxford University Press. 7. Kara, S. (2009). Sex trafficking: Inside the business of modern slavery. Columbia University Press. 8. Musto, J. (2019). Human trafficking: Exploring the international nature, concerns, and complexities. Routledge. 9. Shelley, L. I. (2010). Human trafficking: A global perspective. Cambridge University Press. 10. Surtees, R. (2017). Traffickers and their victims: Understanding trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region. Springer.

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critical essay on human trafficking

Human Trafficking and Related Issues and Tensions Essay (Critical Writing)

Key ethical tensions arising from human trafficking.

One of the greatest ethical tensions which may emerge from human trafficking is discrimination. Discrimination can be found in all sorts of businesses regardless of their sizes, production capacity, and the like. To lure the trafficked personnel, the trafficker may use force promises of well-paying jobs, manipulation, violence, and romantic relationships (Aasw, 2021). On the issue of human trafficking, discrimination pertains to any action that causes a companys employee to obtain unequal treatment (Nuseir & Ghandour, 2019). In the business sector, therefore, discrimination leads to the workload of the trafficked employee to make a huge lot of work to be done at the right time required.

Despite discrimination being unethical, it is also illegal in most cases. Hence the statutes to protect the workforce from discrimination based on religion, age, gender, disability, race, and more should be embraced and put into action to protect individuals against discrimination occurrence. More so, gender and race pay gaps show that discrimination is still rampant in Australia and, if not looked at, may end up in serious human trafficking. Discrimination can occur at different levels in the employment relationship in Australia. According to (Michailidou, 2020), the ethical tension of discrimination can even occur when recruiting and selecting staff members in terms of offered benefits and conditions as part of the employment. Other conditions may include; who is considered or selected for training to be offered, promotion or transfer, retrenchment, or even during dismissal. On the issue of the benefits offered after performing a task in an organization, the discriminated employee may receive a lower percentage despite the hard work. This action indicates human trafficking at the workplace since the management may benefit from the actions of the discriminated workers, who, in turn, receive less pay.

On another view, when considering whom to select for training purposes, discrimination will arise if proper consideration is not taken care of. This means that discrimination will occur when the institution management does not consider proper checking of the training requirements from various workers of the organization hence training the wrong personnel. Training the wrong person indicates that the worker who needed the training will remain untrained. More skilled workers often receive more pay than their fellows, meaning that there will be human trafficking as a result of discrimination due to training the wrong person.

Another ethical tension that may arise as a result of human trafficking is harassment. This issue might be a serious problem as it can adversely interfere with an individuals health. This issue can be associated with self-determination. Since self-determination is one of the human rights of the persons ability to make choices, violating this right leads to harassment hence human trafficking. This situation occurs when individuals are forced to perform duties they are not willing to, and someone benefits from those duties. According to (Young, 2019), Australian indigenous people are claiming self-determination. Individuals should not be forced or harassed to make choices and should be left to make them freely.

The last ethical tension that may arise concerning human trafficking is stress. This tension may arise as a result of harassment, discrimination, and not being allowed to make their own choices. The trauma experienced by trafficked victims is a result of post-traumatic stress disorder (, 2021). These disorders include feelings of severe guilt, depression, anxiety, and the like. For instance, anxiety being an unlikable state of mental discomfort, nervousness, apprehension, and obsession, may emerge as a result of stress. Stress being the major facilitator, is brought about by force and coercive activities by the trafficker to the trafficked person.

Guilt, on the other hand, occurs as a result of performing an awful activity. This one is especially associated with sex human trafficking, where guilt affects the trafficked person later on. This action, for example, could be due to forced sex for one to obtain a position in the workplace or even to get a promotion. The trafficker benefits from the trafficking while the other party being, the trafficked individual, is affected with guilt after the action wondering what kind of action he/she has just done. This state then leads to serious mental uneasiness resulting in stress. All these ethical tensions can be coped with when the Australian government puts into action the laws on human trafficking.

Human trafficking is my field of practice being analyzed in this critical writing in line with Assessment Task 2a criteria. In business, for example, human trafficking has been and remains to be an unpleasant situation. This is especially to the lower subordinates who are the trafficked personnel by the human trafficking victims who are their bosses or the senior managers. The majority of the senior executive who lacks good self-discipline fails to conduct themselves appropriately in their service delivery to their fellow junior subordinates. This action then leads them to forcefully and coercively make the juniors work with fear and unwillingly work to please and benefit these executives.

Specific issue (or “gap”) Emerging from Human Trafficking

The biggest specific issue (or “gap”) resulting from human trafficking in service delivery is vulnerability. This, for example, includes the need for promotion and higher positions in the case of organizations and institutions. Women remain to be the most vulnerable persons to human trafficking (Paasche et al., 2018). But on another view, men also are in a position to be victims of being lured to human trafficking by the senior ladies as their bosses. Human trafficking, therefore, has caused extreme hardship to the suspected majority of people in Australia. This action has hence led to influence on the financial, economic, and social systems where it exists.

The gap arising or the emerging issue as a result of trafficking in the service delivery of the organizational employees is influenced by false promises from the senior personnel such as pay increases, promotions, etc. When the victim hears this, they get possessed or are crazed by such influences, making them easy-to-access by the trafficking victims. They, therefore, offer their bodies for illegal sexual activities to satisfy the trafficking victims, whereas, in the real sense, the actual act is trafficking and not the real action that seems to be. The final product results to be guilt and stress among the trafficked individuals after realizing the fraud used to lure them. Persistence in human trafficking will increase guilt and stress among the victims and may even result in other serious issues like committing suicide due to mental uneasiness.

Despite the examples given in this context regarding human trafficking in organizations, trafficking also is found in many other fields. For instance, (Burn, 2017) claims that over the last two years, more men and women have been identified trafficked into other forms of exploitation. These forms include; construction work, domestic work, family structures, hospitality industry, and the exceeded report have been identified women in situations of sexual exploitation. In addition, the Australian Federal Police received 619 referrals about human-slavery offenses and human trafficking between 2004 to December 2015. All these incidences are a result of vulnerability which has more wait on the side of women than that of men.

Women have been sexually violated as they are more vulnerable than men. This is as well as in the case of men who seem to look bold but are also affected by this issue of vulnerability. On another consideration, immigrating persons have faced the problem of violation due to their vulnerability. In this case, migrating people have faced various challenges and violations, according to a recent research report done in Australia. This problem was found in the construction industry, where the trafficked victims received treatment against their expectations.

The risk for migrant workers in Australia, therefore, remains to be an adverse problem. According to the research, (Campbell et al., 2019) claims that the threats facing the temporary migrant workforce in the construction industry in Australia are composed of some factors. These factors include a composition of the immanent vulnerabilities of being a temporary migrant worker and the attributes of the firm in which they migrate to work. Whether legitimately in a job or not, these impermanent refugee workforces in the construction factory may be open to labor mistreatment. This problem could be a result of interaction factors between the immigrants and the other companys stakeholders.

These factors include; a limited understanding of Australian legislation and rights in the workplace, lack of access to government support and union, cultural barriers, language barriers, and social isolation. Another issue discovered was the visa arrangement of the migrating people, which was identified as the major risk factor (Campbell et al., 2019). Considerable squabble around the manipulation of the wandering workers concentrated on the subclass 457 permit. More so, undetermined situations of some shareholders connected to this endorsement left migratory laborers with limited selections to compete with underprivileged working environments. These complications were a product of the weakness of the settlers.

Thoughtfully, learners and production workers on subclass 417 travel permits were at the same risk of employment misuse, mainly if semi-skilled. In addition, much of the labor exploitation, as noted by the stakeholders, concerned poor working conditions, for example, wage underpayment. Migrated students who remunerated payments to scholarships in Australia were readdressed to effort in factories such as the building industry in bleach of their past circumstances and for a little wage. Unceremonious economy and occupation practices were acknowledged as the key industry characteristic that stimulated threat.

In service delivery, vulnerable individuals seem to be neglected in some way. The construction company executive failed to care about the human rights of the temporary migrant workers. They subjected these workers to little pay, and their working conditions were not considered. More so, students were neglected in that other than the actual practice of learning. They paid to study in Australia. They were redirected to work in the construction industry. These actions were after bleaching their visa condition by the construction industry, and they were subjected to low pay. These gaps or issues of vulnerability should therefore be addressed, and a solution found. This thought is to smoothen the working conditions of the immigrants, be it the temporary construction workers or the students who migrate to study in Australia. Smooth working conditions for these people will facilitate peace of mind. In return, the victims will be able to coup up with stress issues hence a betterment to their lives in the course of their stay in Australia.

Learning Outcomes during Preparation of Group and Working with Peers

Upon thorough and careful consideration of human trafficking, trafficking is not only an awful practice but also an unpleasant action for trafficked persons. Since the practice is against the will of the trafficked victim, the trafficker subjects them to serious physical, mental, and social suffering. This lowers the self-esteem of the affected individuals nearly to zero, as it is not their will to be trafficked. These actions then lead to stress and guilt and may end up resulting in an even more serious problem of depression. Depression, on the other hand, may stimulate more serious problems. Suicide committing may be one of the major outcomes of depression which will be caused by the denial of an individual victim after performing human trafficking activities. A good example of human trafficking may lead to such as sexual trafficking among the violated victims. To avoid such incidences, the relevant personnel, including the employers and the executive, should ensure that the rights of their workers are not violated in any way. Individuals found violating workforce human rights should be dealt with appropriately.

Working together as peers found that you and I must fight back against any sort of violation of human rights. In any country, there exist laws regarding the violation of human rights. It is the duty and responsibility of every individual to ensure that their rights are not violated, be it citizens or immigrants from other countries. On the other hand, every employer and the senior management of all sectors must ensure human rights are not violated in any way in service delivery in their institutions (Niezen, 2020). In addition, clear rules regarding human rights protection among the workforce should be formulated by the board management of every organization or corporation in Australia. This activity will minimize the chances of riots of the workers fighting back against their rights in case they are violated. In return, a peaceful working environment will be enhanced between the workforce and the management. This will mean better relations between the subordinates and the organizational executives. In an actual sense, from an organizational view, better relations enhance cooperation which in return will yield more production, hence more organizational income.

The limitation emerging from human trafficking as a field of practice is illiteracy among the victims of human trafficking. The trafficked persons may lack the knowledge to know about their rights in such situations hence ending up being neglected in the workplace. Despite the existence of laws regarding human rights in the place of work, illiterate workers will never be aware of their existence. They will end up being violated, sexually harassed, given workloads, and the like. Despite all these violations, they will end up receiving little income despite the production increase in their workplace. Various relevant executives, therefore, will be needed to disclose to their workforce their rights so that they can master them off head despite their illiteracy level. This means that in case of any intention to violate their rights in the future, the workforce will have to notice due to their mastering of the laws. In addition, various company executives must treat their fellow subordinates equally without discriminating against them. Factors of gender, race, ethnicity, color, origin, and tribe should not be a consideration when it comes to working with the workers.

In the course of criminal proceedings, secondary victimization is a critical risk for trafficking victims who take part in these proceedings (Rijken et al., 2021). Being a challenge, the psychological outcomes of trafficking and the preexisting vulnerabilities of the victims of trafficking make them prone to secondary victimization. Therefore, human trafficking victim lacks control of their own and end up being tricked and trafficked easily without them fighting back. They end up losing their self-esteem as nobody is there to fight for their rights. In the workplace, for example, senior management, therefore, needs to be of utmost good faith in their service delivery to their subordinates, such as during pay. Payment should therefore be based on the work done by every individual. Therefore, no worker should be forcefully subjected to work against his will. Overtime payment should reflect the number of hours of work done during overtime. All these will then lead to motivation among the workforce hence more production, which means more organizational income.

These challenges are found in both victim parties involved in trafficking, that is, to the side of the trafficker and the side of the trafficked person. To the trafficker, for instance, these challenges include; the absence of safety and trust, the absence of empathy and knowledge concerning victims’ rights, lack of identification, and disrespectful treatment, among others (Rijken et al., 2021). Conclusively, human trafficking is not a pleasing activity at all, as it leads to human suffering. The Australian government, therefore, needs to put into action all the laws available to cater to human rights in regard to human trafficking. By doing this, Australia will remain to be a no-human trafficking zone. (2021). Code of Ethics – AASW – Australian Association of Social Workers .

Burn, J. (2017). Legal narratives, human trafficking, and slavery in Australia . History Compass , 15 (5), e12368.

Campbell, I., Tranfaglia, M., Tham, J., & Boese, M. (2019). Precarious work and the reluctance to complain: Italian temporary migrant workers in Australia . Labor & Industry: A Journal of the Social and Economic Relations of Work , 29 (1), 98-117.

Michailidou, E. (2020). Work Harassment: Psychological bullying in the workplace of CU. Open Access Journal of Clinical Surgery , 1 (2). Web.

Niezen, R. (2020). #Human Rights, Chapter 2: Human rights 3.0 . SSRN Electronic Journal .

Nuseir, M., & Ghandour, A. (2019). Ethical issues in modern business management . International Journal of Procurement Management , 12 (5), 592.

Paasche, E., Skilbrei, M., & Plambech, S. (2018). Vulnerable here or there? Examining the vulnerability of victims of human trafficking before and after the return . Anti-Trafficking Review , 10 .

Rijken, C., Khadraoui, L., & Tankink, M. (2021). (Preventing) secondary victimization of trafficking victims through law enforcement interventions . J ournal of Human Trafficking, Enslavement And Conflict-Related Sexual Violence , 2 (1), 3-25. (2021). Web.

Young, S. (2019). The Self Divided: The problems of contradictory claims to indigenous peoples’ self-determination in Australia. SSRN Electronic Journal, 30.

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  • Human Trafficking

Essays on Human Trafficking

Human freedom is one of the main values of a modern civilized society, which should be reflected in your human trafficking essay. Ensuring the inviolability of individual freedom is one of the main functions of any state. Human trafficking has become the fastest growing and most lucrative activity for transnational organized crime. An increase in human trafficking is evident in many countries of the world. Research for essays on human trafficking shows that situation is critical in countries such as Nepal, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, India, Gabon, Haiti, Myanmar. Many samples of human trafficking essays feature statistics, which show that around 4 million people are sold, bought, detained, and transported every year around the world against their will. Experts estimate that the annual global profit from human trade is over 10 billion USD. Learn from our human trafficking essay samples to make your essay special.

Introduction According to Cheryl (845), more than 50,000 children and women are trafficked into the United States every year to be sex slaves and Texas which is explained as the Lone Star State is deemed as the profound hub of sexual trafficking. Here, the undertaking of the commercial sex trafficking business...

Words: 1763

Introduction Although America abolished slave trade more than a century ago, it is sad to note that human trafficking remains one of the most common forms of human rights violation in the modern society. According to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) human trafficking is the act of a...

Human Trafficking and the Need for Local Action Although America abolished slave trade more than a century ago, it is sad to note that human trafficking remains one of the most common forms of human rights violation in the modern society. According to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)...

Words: 1049

According to Cheryl (845), more than 50,000 children and women are trafficked into the United States every year to be sex slaves and Texas which is explained as the Lone Star State is deemed as the profound hub of human trafficking. Here, the undertaking of the commercial human trafficking business...

Words: 1764

The Challenges Faced by Psychologists, Counselors, and Social Workers The expansion in the scale of human trafficking presents challenges to government and law enforcement agencies in curbing this practice. However, psychologists, counselors, and social workers face the challenges of rehabilitating the survivors of this heinous activity. The challenges faced by the...

Introduction Human trafficking has become a great concern for governments as well as law enforcers as they try to eradicate the practice. However, there exist a bigger challenge to the psychologists and social workers who are involved with rehabilitating the affected. One of the biggest issues is the situation of the...

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It is defined as a way of obtaining sexual services or forced labor from an individual using coercion, fraud, or force without the willingness of that person. Ø History of human trafficking Human trafficking is third ranked after sale of arms and drugs. It is the most unappealing crimes and human beings...

Words: 1534

Sex Trafficking: A Form of Modern Slavery Sex trafficking is basically a form of modern slavery through which victims are adducted and illegally recruited for sexual exploitation purposes. Physical force or psychological manipulation like the use of drugs are relied upon to threaten victims into the act. Also, traffickers may use...

Human trafficking has been a global issue affecting women, men, and children. The matter has become prevalent despite the dyer efforts of most countries globally to curb the menace. Many individuals refer to the act as the modern day slavery, where there is prohibited trade of human beings for forced...

Words: 1518

Human trafficking refers to where a person or a group of people controls the others by forcing them into labor, sexual harassment or organ trafficking (Kempadoo et al., 100).   The practice has been on the increase, despite the laws put against owning or forcing other people into activities that they...

Words: 2448

Human trafficking is a form of slavery in the present day where the traffickers use fraud, coercion or force to commercial sexual exploitation or for labor. The victims are usually traumatized to the extent that they are unable to ask for help It is also a hidden crime because the...

Words: 1371

Trafficking of human organs is on the rise as the demand for the organs transplant in wealthy nations is recently increasing fast. Goh, Tan and Yeo (2016) adds that the demand for organs is higher than its supply and it cannot be meet by the traditional donation means. For instance,...

Words: 3470

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Human Trafficking Critical Thinkings Example

Type of paper: Critical Thinking

Topic: Trafficking , Slavery , Human , June , Human Trafficking , Prostitution , Project , Protection

Published: 03/30/2023


When I first came into this class, I did not know what to expect. I did not know anything about human trafficking, except for having a general idea of what it is. I assumed that this class would teach me at least about the prevalence of human trafficking throughout the world including regional trends, as well as the reasons for it, and the ways to combat it. Since I did not have any preconceived notions about this subject, I cannot say that I had any beliefs that were challenged in the course of studying it. The UNIAP sponsored a project called SIREN in 2007. SIREN’s purpose is to deliver up-to-date, validated research about trafficking to the counter-human trafficking center. It conveys information in a variety of forms, including maps, discussion forums, data sheets, and targeted fieldwork and analysis (“SIREN,” 2007). The TVPRA was last reauthorized by President Obama on March 7, 2016. This law is widely regarded as the country’s most significant tool against human trafficking. An amendment to the law, called the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act (VAWRA), was also added, strengthening the laws already in place that protect women from domestic violence (“Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act,” 2016). Human trafficking is a form of forced labor that is no different from slavery. Canada, as well as being a destination country for human slaves, is also a source country, meaning that people are sometimes forced into slavery while in Canada. It is also a transit country, meaning that slaves pass through Canada on their way to a different destination country (“Raising Awareness about Trafficking in Persons”). John Hopkins University has started a program called the Protection Project, to research and report the global extent of human trafficking, and to influence policy through the dissemination of accurate and timely information (“The Protection Project,” 2006). Another project, called Free The Slaves, works toward the same end, while operating locally in human trafficking hotspots throughout the world (“Mission, Vision, & History,” 2016). Many victims of human trafficking have sought help from the ACLU to bring lawsuits against contracting companies that have been complicit in their abuse (Watt, 2013). The Polaris Project estimates that there are 20.9 million victims globally (“The Polaris Project,” 2016).

Mission, Vision, & History. (2016). Retrieved June 5, 2016, from Raising Awareness about Trafficking in Persons. Retrieved June 5, 2016, from SIREN | Strategic Information Response Network. (2007, June). Retrieved June 5, 2016, from The Polaris Project. (2016). Retrieved June 5, 2016, from The Protection Project. (2006). Retrieved June 5, 2016, from Trafficking in Persons Report. (2015). United States Department of State. Retrieved June 5, 2016, from Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act. (2016, March 2). Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking. Retrieved June 5, 2016, from United Nations Action for Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons. (2016). Retrieved June 5, 2016, from United Nations Inter-agency Project on Human Trafficking. Retreived June 5, 2016, from Watt, S. (2013, April 10). U.S. Must Work to End Human Trafficking, Modern-Day Slavery on Government Contracts. Retrieved June 5, 2016, from


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