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AP®︎/College US History

Meet one of our ap®︎ us history content creators, unit 1: period 1: 1491-1607, unit 2: period 2: 1607-1754, unit 3: period 3: 1754-1800, unit 4: period 4: 1800-1848, unit 5: period 5: 1844-1877, unit 6: period 6: 1865-1898, unit 7: period 7: 1890-1945, unit 8: period 8: 1945-1980, unit 9: period 9: 1980-present, unit 10: ap®︎ us history exam skills and strategies, unit 11: ap®︎ us history standards mappings.

AP U.S. History

Ap us history.

Click on the menu above for the best AP US History practice exams, document-based questions, free response questions, notes, videos, and study guides. These online resources include all the information you need to succeed in this challenging history course.

AP US History Exam

This AP test covers American history from 1491 to the present. It’s the equivalent of a two-semester introductory college course.

The AP United States History Exam format is:

Section 1 Part A (55 minutes, 40% of grade) 55 Multiple-choice questions

Part B (50 minutes, 20% of grade) 4 Short-answer questions

Section 2 Part A (55 minutes, 25% of grade) 1 Document-based question

Part B (35 minutes, 15% of grade) 1 Long essay question (chosen from 2 options)

The multiple choice questions will be in sets which contain between 2 and 5 questions. Each of the sets will include stimulus material consisting of a primary or secondary source. This might include a chart, graph, text, map, or image. To answer the questions you will need to use the stimulus material along with your historical knowledge.

The short answer questions will present source material as well. This may include a historian’s argument, a primary source, data, or maps. You will need to provide and analyze examples of historical evidence that are relevant to this source material.

The document based question requires you to formulate a thesis and support it with evidence. A wide variety of documents are provided. You will need to analyze and synthesize this historical data.

With the long essay question you will also need to develop a thesis or argument, which you support with specific historical evidence. There will be two questions, and you get to pick the one that you would like to answer.

When is the AP U.S. History Exam?

The AP U.S. History Exam date for the 2022–2023 school year is Friday, May 5, 2023 at 8 a.m . The APUSH test is only offered once per year.

AP US History | Practice Exams | FRQ & DBQ | Notes | Videos |  Study Guides


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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, the ultimate guide to the ap us history exam.

Advanced Placement (AP)


The AP US History exam involves critical reading, writing, and in-depth analysis. It's not just about memorizing names and dates, but rather interpreting historical evidence quickly and accurately, recalling outside information on a topic, and synthesizing your ideas into a coherent argument.

In this guide, we'll give you a rundown of the format and structure of the AP US History test along with a brief content outline, sample questions, and some tips for a great score .

How Is the AP US History Exam Structured?

The next AP US History test will be administered on Friday, May 5, 2023, at 8 AM . This AP exam is three hours and 15 minutes long and consists of two main sections, each of which is divided into a Part A and a Part B.

Before we get into the details of each part, here's an overview of the US History test as a whole:

Section 1, Part A: Multiple Choice

The first section on the test is the multiple-choice section, which is worth 40% of your score and lasts for 55 minutes. You'll get 55 questions, each with four possible answer choices (labeled A-D); this means that you'll have about a minute per question on this part of the exam.

Most US History multiple-choice questions come in sets of three to four questions that require you to respond to certain stimuli, or sources, such as historical texts, graphs, and maps.

Section 1, Part B: Short Answer

Part B of Section 1 on the US History test requires you to answer three short-answer questions in 40 minutes , giving you about 13 minutes per question. It's worth 20% of your overall score.

The first two questions are required, but you get to choose between question 3 and question 4 for your third short answer . Here's what you can expect with each question:

Section 2, Part A: Document-Based Question

The Document-Based Question, or DBQ , is worth 25% of your final score and requires you to write an essay based on a prompt that's accompanied by seven historical documents . You'll get a 15-minute reading period followed by 45 minutes to write your response.

The DBQ will focus on a historical development in the years 1754-1980.

Section 2, Part B: Long Essay

The final part of the AP US History test is the Long Essay, for which you must choose one of three possible prompts and write an essay on the topic. You'll have 40 minutes to write your response, which will count for 15% of your overall AP score.

To earn full credit here, you must develop a clear and logical argument and support it with relevant historical evidence (which won't be directly provided to you as it will be on the DBQ).

Each of the three essay prompts revolves around a different time period in US history:

  • Essay Prompt 1: 1491-1800
  • Essay Prompt 2: 1800-1898
  • Essay Prompt 3: 1890-2001

Content Background for the AP US History Exam

There are eight themes addressed in the AP US History course , and all of them show up in one form or another on the exam across the nine units, or time periods . Each represents a subset of learning objectives that students are expected to master. You can read more about these learning objectives in the AP US History Course and Exam Description .

Before I give you a broad overview of the eight themes, let's take a look at how the major units are weighted on the AP US History exam :

Below, we give you the definition of each course theme as described in the AP US History Course Description.

Theme 1: American and National Identity

Focuses on how and why definitions of American and national identity and values have developed among the diverse and changing population of North America as well as on related topics, such as citizenship, constitutionalism, foreign policy, assimilation, and American exceptionalism.

Theme 2: Work, Exchange, and Technology

Focuses on the factors behind the development of systems of economic exchange, particularly the role of technology, economic markets, and government.

Theme 3: Geography and the Environment

Focuses on the role of geography and both the natural and human-made environments in the social and political developments in what would become the United States.

Theme 4: Migration and Settlement

Focuses on why and how the various people who moved to and within the United States both adapted to and transformed their new social and physical environments.

Theme 5: Politics and Power

Focuses on how different social and political groups have influenced society and government in the United States as well as how political beliefs and institutions have changed over time.

Theme 6: America in the World

Focuses on the interactions between nations that affected North American history in the colonial period and on the influence of the United States on world affairs.

Theme 7: American and Regional Culture

Focuses on how and why national, regional, and group cultures developed and changed as well as how culture has shaped government policy and the economy.

Theme 8: Social Structures

Focuses on how and why systems of social organization develop and change as well as the impact that these systems have on the broader society.


Sample AP US History Questions

Now that you have a sense of the test content, I'll present you with sample questions to give you a better idea of what the AP US History exam actually looks like. All sample questions come from the official US History Course and Exam Description .

Sample Multiple-Choice Question

For multiple choice, you're given one or two pieces of historical evidence followed by a set of questions that ask you to do some analysis . The US History exam is less about knowing specific dates and names and more about being able to draw conclusions and connect themes based on materials provided by the test.


To answer this question, you don't even really need to know much about US history, as long as you pay attention to exactly what's written in the passage, or the secondary source you've been given. The passage here is mainly focused on the increase in commerce in New York as a result of the opening of the Erie Canal.

Answer choice A mentions commerce—that's a good sign—but specifically commerce with Native Americans, who are not mentioned at all in the passage, so this is unlikely to be the right answer.

Answer choice B discusses increased access to markets in the United States, which seems to echo what the passage says about commerce in New York. We'll hold onto this as a potential answer.

Answer choice C is all about the internal slave trade, which isn't mentioned at all in the secondary source, so we can assume this is wrong.

Answer choice D talks about agricultural production, which, again, isn't the focus of the passage—that's commerce. As a result, we can cross this off our list.

This means that the only logical answer to choose is answer choice B .

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Sample Short-Answer Question

The short-answer questions are technically considered part of the multiple-choice section because they're less involved than the essay questions. Alt hough they do have multiple parts, you don't have to come up with a thesis—one-sentence answers are OK. These questions are about succinctly connecting themes and reference materials to specific events or trends.

Here's an example:


This short-answer question is an example of question 1, which comes with two secondary sources. As you can see, you'll have to answer three separate parts (A, B, and C), each of which is worth 1 point ; this means you can earn up to 3 points for each short-answer question.

Here's how you could earn full credit for this sample question, per the official scoring guidelines .

(A) Sample Answers

  • Peiss argues that pursuits of entertainment in dance halls by working class women created new, legitimate social spaces for women, however Enstand argues that working women's participation in labor politics gave them a new voice and place in the public sphere.
  • Peiss links the growth of women in public social life to a commercial culture that provided opportunities for women to enter the public sphere while Enstand argues that women became political actors who demanded a public voice.

(B) Sample Answers

  • Like the dance halls, department stores and amusement parks became aspects of the commercial culture that represented new opportunities for women to enjoy public places as legitimate participants.
  • The concept of the New Woman became a cultural phenomenon, as the older idea of separate spheres diminished. The idea of the New Woman supported a more public role for women in the early 1900s.
  • The growth of cities and urban America gave young women more opportunities to leave rural America and participate in the developments described by Peiss.
  • New technologies such as electric lighting made possible new public spaces for personal freedom for women.

(C) Sample Answers

  • Women's participation in the suffrage movement, settlement house work, temperance organizing, and the Progressive movement all contributed to modern attitudes about women and increased their roles in the public sphere.
  • The ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution gave women the vote and a voice in politics.
  • Women were the main participants in the New York shirtwaist strike of 1909. During this strike women made public demands like those described by Enstad.
  • Women organized or participated in labor unions such as the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) which is an example of their growing voice in the public sphere.
  • Working-class women had key public roles in the successful Lawrence (Massachusetts) textile strike of 1912, this demonstrates that women became active political voices through labor movements.


Sample Document-Based Question

With the DBQ , you'll have seven different historical documents to examine . To earn full credit, you must use at least six documents as evidence in your answer. These documents range from transcripts of folk songs, to excerpts from letters and newspapers, to demographic maps.

Here's an example of a DBQ (with one document shown):


There are several components of a solid response to this question. The DBQ is worth a total of 7 raw points . Here's how you could earn full credit, according to the scoring guidelines .

Sample Long Essay Question

For the Long Essay, you must choose between three prompts . Here's an example of a potential prompt:


Your essay should include many of the same elements as your answer to the DBQ, but there are no documents to analyze and reference , so you'll have less time to write. The essay is worth 6 raw points .

Here's how you could earn full credit for the sample question above, per the scoring guidelines .


How Is the AP US History Exam Scored?

Here, we'll go over how each section on the AP US History exam is scored, scaled, and combined to give you your final AP score on the 1-5 scale .

On the multiple-choice section, you earn 1 raw point for each question you answer correctly; this means that the max score you can earn here is 55 points. No points are taken off for incorrect answers.

Each of the three short-answer questions is worth 3 points, so there are 9 points possible in this section.

The DBQ is scored out of 7 points and is based on the following criteria, per the scoring guide :

  • Thesis/claim: 1 point
  • Contextualization: 1 point
  • Evidence from the documents: 2 points
  • Evidence beyond the documents: 1 point
  • Sourcing: 1 point
  • Complexity: 1 point

Lastly, the Long Essay is out of 6 raw points and is scored using the following criteria:

  • Evidence: 2 points
  • Analysis and reasoning: 2 points

On essay questions, points are taken off for errors only if they detract from the quality of the argument being made (in other words, don't go making up historical facts to support your argument). Grammatical and other technical errors aren't a big deal as long as they don't inhibit the grader's ability to understand what your essay is saying.

The total number of raw points you can earn on the AP US History test is 77:

  • 55 points for the Multiple Choice questions
  • 9 points for the Short Answer questions
  • 7 points for the DBQ
  • 6 points for the Long Essay

Raw scores can be converted to scaled scores out of 150 . Here's how to do that for each section:

  • Multiple Choice: Multiply your raw multiple-choice section score out of 55 by 1.09
  • Short Answer: Multiply your raw short-answer score out of 9 by 3.33
  • DBQ: Multiply your raw DBQ score out of 7 by 5.36
  • Long Essay: Multiply your raw Long Essay score out of 6 by 3.75

Finally, add all the scores together to get your final scaled AP score for US History! Here is a chart to show you approximately how these scaled scores translate to final AP scores:

Source: The College Board

I made my best estimates based on other AP score conversion charts because there was no official scaled-to-AP-score conversion chart online for US History. Your AP teacher or review book might have a more accurate score conversion system you can use for official practice tests.

4 Essential Tips for Acing the AP US History Exam

AP US History is a grueling test that requires intense critical thinking and analytical skills. Here are some helpful tips to remember if you hope to do well on test day.

#1: Don't Confuse Accurate Facts for Correct Answers

Many multiple-choice questions will list answers that are accurate representations of historical events or trends but that don't directly respond to the question being asked . Be wary of these answers on the test so you don't accidentally choose them over more relevant responses.

In the multiple-choice question I gave above as an example, one incorrect choice was "The growth in the internal slave trade." At the time referenced in the question, this was a real trend that occurred, but because it doesn't relate directly to the passage given, it's still the wrong answer .

Don't let these types of answer choices confuse you; adhere to the particulars of the question and the evidence presented to you!

#2: Pay Attention to Details—Read Excerpts Carefully

Most of this AP exam is based on historical reference materials, meaning that you won't be able to answer questions correctly without reading carefully. Even if you know everything there is to know about US History, that knowledge will mostly just serve to contextualize the evidence presented on the test. The specific details found in the writings and images will ultimately reveal the best answer choice.

#3: Plan Before You Write

It's critical to write well-organized, focused essays on the AP US History test. A clear thesis is the first thing on the agenda. You then need to make sure that the rest of your essay ties back into your thesis and provides relevant evidence throughout. If you jump into writing an essay without taking the time to organize your thoughts, you're more likely to ramble or get off-topic from the main focus of the question.

For the DBQ, you should spend 15 of the 60 minutes planning how to organize your thoughts and how to use the different documents as evidence. While you will have less time for the Long Essay, you should still spend five minutes or so writing a brief outline before starting your final draft.

#4: Use Outside Evidence Wisely

It's a smart idea to incorporate additional background knowledge into your DBQ and Long Essay responses on the AP US History test. It shows that you've mastered the material and can connect themes to what you learned in class and not just what was presented to you in the question.

That said, don't include outside knowledge unless it really bolsters your argument . If you're just sticking it in there to prove how much you know, your essay will lack focus and you might lose points.

This is why it's so important to plan ahead. In the planning stage, you can think of examples that tie into your thesis and strategically place them throughout your essay in ways that contribute to your point.


Conclusion: Getting a Great Score on the AP US History Exam

The AP US History exam is one of the longer AP tests, and it has four different types of questions: Multiple Choice, Short Answer, Document-Based Question (DBQ), and Long Essay.

The main thread running through this test is an emphasis on analyzing historical evidence and applying outside knowledge in context. In your studying, you will need to learn to connect the themes of the course to events spanning 500 years of US history.

Here are some study tips to heed as you prep for the AP US History test:

  • Don't mistake accurate facts for correct answers
  • Always read excerpts carefully
  • Plan before writing your essays
  • Use outside evidence strategically

Make sure that you practice all the different types of exam questions with official materials before you sit down to take the real test . If you get used to thinking about history in an analytical, evidence-based context, you should have no problem earning a high US History score!

What's Next?

Looking for more practice materials? Check out our article on the best online quizzes you can take to prepare for the AP US History test !

Review books can be extremely helpful tools in preparing for AP exams. If you can't decide which one to get, take a look at this list of the best review books for the AP US History test .

Did you lose some of your notes? Feel free to use these links to AP US History notes for every section of the course .

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AP US History Practice Tests

Try our free AP US History practice tests. We have 9 tests which cover each of the periods in this course, followed by a full-length APUSH practice exam. Our practice questions include detailed explanations for every answer. Choose a test from the list below to start your AP US History review right now!

Free AP US History Practice Tests

Full-length ap us history practice exam, ap us history exam.

The AP U.S. History exam is also known as the APUSH exam. It covers American History from 1491 to the present. The exam is divided into two sections: Section I includes multiple choice and short answer questions, and Section II includes a document-based question and a long essay question.

Part A of Section I has 55 APUSH multiple choice questions that must be answered within 50 minutes. Part B of Section I has 3 short answer questions that must be answered within 40 minutes.

Part A of Section II is the document-based question (DBQ) which must be answered within 60 minutes. Part B of Section II is the long essay question which must be answered within 40 minutes. For the long essay, three questions are presented and you choose the one that you would like to answer. The total length of the APUSH exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes.

These APUSH practice tests are great for exam prep. We have an AP US History practice exam for each of the 9 time periods that are covered in this course. All of our multiple choice questions include detailed answer explanations. Choose a time period from the list above and start your test prep right now!

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AP US History 2023 and 2024 Study Guide: APUSH Review Book with Practice Test Questions for College Board Exam Prep: [2nd Edition]

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Test Prep Books' AP US History 2023 and 2024 Study Guide: APUSH Review Book with Practice Test Questions for College Board Exam Prep [2nd Edition]

Made by Test Prep Books experts for test takers trying to achieve a great score on the AP US History exam.

This comprehensive study guide includes:

  • Quick Overview : Find out what's inside this guide!
  • Test-Taking Strategies : Learn the best tips to help overcome your exam!
  • Introduction : Get a thorough breakdown of what the test is and what's on it!
  • Period 1: 1491–1607
  • Period 2: 1607–1754
  • Period 3: 1754–1800
  • Period 4: 1800–1848
  • Period 5: 1844–1877
  • Period 6: 1865–1898
  • Period 7: 1890–1945
  • Period 8: 1945–1980
  • Period 9: 1980–Present
  • Practice Questions : Practice makes perfect!
  • Detailed Answer Explanations : Figure out where you went wrong and how to improve!

Studying can be hard. We get it. That's why we created this guide with these great features and benefits

  • Comprehensive Review: Each section of the test has a comprehensive review created by Test Prep Books that goes into detail to cover all of the content likely to appear on the test.
  • AP US History Practice Test Questions: We want to give you the best practice you can find. That's why the Test Prep Books practice questions are as close as you can get to the actual test.
  • Answer Explanations: Every single problem is followed by an answer explanation. We know it's frustrating to miss a question and not understand why. The answer explanations will help you learn from your mistakes. That way, you can avoid missing it again in the future.
  • Test-Taking Strategies: A test taker has to understand the material that is being covered and be familiar with the latest test taking strategies. These strategies are necessary to properly use the time provided. They also help test takers complete the test without making any errors. Test Prep Books has provided the top test-taking tips.
  • Customer Service: We love taking care of our test takers. We make sure that you interact with a real human being when you email your comments or concerns.

Anyone planning to take this exam should take advantage of this Test Prep Books study guide . Purchase it today to receive access to:

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Six things to know about the political debate around daylight saving time

Emily Olson

ap us history exam sample

This picture taken in March 2018 shows a technician working on the clock of the Lukaskirche Church in Dresden, eastern Germany. This weekend, Americans will wind back this clocks as daylight saving time ends. Sebastian Kahnert/DPA/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

This picture taken in March 2018 shows a technician working on the clock of the Lukaskirche Church in Dresden, eastern Germany. This weekend, Americans will wind back this clocks as daylight saving time ends.

Twice a year, every year, the ritual returns as literal clockwork: the start or end of daylight saving time.

Millions of Americans, filled with grunts or glee, tap at their devices or wind their watch hands, manually changing the time to reflect a change in seasons.

But in recent years, lawmakers have talked as if this timeworn tradition might be on its last legs. A raft of bills on the federal and state levels are taking aim at the biannual time changes — and yet nothing is changing, at least for now.

Here's a look at where things stand.

What's the status of that Senate bill to end time changes?

In March 2022, the Senate passed the Sunshine Protection Act. The intent behind the bill was to make daylight saving time permanent starting in spring of 2023.

The Senate approves a bill to make daylight saving time permanent

The Senate approves a bill to make daylight saving time permanent

The U.S. tried permanent daylight saving time in the 1970s — then quickly rejected it

The U.S. tried permanent daylight saving time in the 1970s — then quickly rejected it

And at first, it looked as though it might become a reality. The Senate passed the bill through an expedited process and with unanimous consent — legislative rarities in this day and age.

But the bill failed to be taken up in the House. Members cited higher priorities, like a budget deficit and war in Ukraine, but there was also a growing chorus of criticism about the bill's approach (more on this below).

Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., reintroduced the bill this March, and it was sent to the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, but there's been no notable movement on it since. A companion bill, introduced by Rep. Vern Buchanan, R-Fla., is similarly stuck in committee at the House level.

Daylight saving time ends Sunday. Here are 4 things you should know

Daylight saving time ends Sunday. Here are 4 things you should know

Even if either bill manages to pass both chambers, it'd still need to be signed by President Biden, who hasn't indicated how he leans on the issue.

So for now, the tradition remains intact.

When is the end of daylight saving time 2023?

This season's turnover time is 2 a.m. on Nov. 5, meaning residents of most states will want to move their clocks back an hour when they go to bed this Saturday.

Two states — Hawaii and Arizona — don't observe daylight saving time. The U.S. territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands also don't change their clocks.

What's the argument against the Sunshine Protection Act?

When the Sunshine Protection Act was first debated in a House subcommittee, experts said switching to permanent daylight saving time would do everything: save lives, reduce crime, conserve energy and improve health.

And pretty much everyone agrees that ending the time changes is generally a good idea. Our bodies can be very sensitive to disruptions to our circadian rhythms.

But the medical community has taken issue with how the bill proposes to make the change — specifically, that it mandates all states adopt permanent daylight saving time rather than sticking to standard time.

Changing our clocks is a health hazard. Just ask a sleep doctor

Shots - Health News

Changing our clocks is a health hazard. just ask a sleep doctor.

Doctors and scientists argue that standard time is actually better for our health. Our internal clock is better aligned with getting light in the morning, which, in turn, sets us up for better sleep cycles.

The bill's sponsors aren't budging though. Sen. Rubio is still pushing for permanent daylight saving time.

And the biggest argument for this approach may be an economic one. The idea is that having more light in the evenings encourages people to go out and do things — i.e., spend money.

The nation's convenience stores, for example, told a congressional subcommittee that they see an uptick in spending when clocks are set to daylight saving.

Could the states adopt their own time change rules?

With federal legislation stuck in a holding pattern, states could take up the issue, but they're still subject to some federal limitations.

The Uniform Time Act , which was passed in 1966, says that states can enact permanent standard time but not permanent daylight saving time.

At least 550 bills and resolutions have surfaced concerning time changes at the state level in recent years, according to a tally from the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). So the same debate that's happening at the federal level is playing out in statehouses across the country.

Which states are trying to end daylight saving time?

Nineteen states have actually passed measures pledging to switch to permanent daylight time if Congress changes the rules to allow for such an action.

Those states are:

  • Mississippi 
  • Montana 
  • South Carolina

California voters also authorized a resolution in 2018, but lawmakers haven't taken any action on the legislation so we're not counting it here.

As of September 2023, nine states were actively considering legislation that would also end daylight saving, but by switching the state to year-round standard time, according to the NCSL.

  • Massachusetts
  • Pennsylvania

But these pieces of legislation are all marked 'pending' so residents should still plan to turn back their clocks this year — and check in before the next time daylight saving time starts up again.

When will daylight saving time resume in 2024?

That'll be Sunday, March 10. Mark your calendars.

Correction Nov. 3, 2023

An earlier version of this story mistakenly referred to the U.S. territory of American Samoa as Samoa, a separate island country.

  • sunshine protection act
  • standard time
  • state legislatures
  • sleep cycle
  • daylight saving time

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كتب أخرى بهذه السلسلة


Ohio Issue 1 Election Results: Establish a Constitutional Right to Abortion

  • WINNER Tate Reeves, Republican, is re-elected as governor of Mississippi. ›
  • Democrats Win Va. House of Delegates › Virginia Democrats have won a majority of seats in the state’s lower chamber, flipping it from Republican control.
  • Democrats Win Va. State Senate › Democrats have secured a majority in Virginia’s upper chamber, denying Republicans full control of the state government.
  • WINNER Daniel McCaffery, Democrat, wins election for Pennsylvania supreme court. ›
  • Ohio Issue 2 Passes Ohio has voted to legalize the possession and sale of marijuana. ›
  • Ohio Issue 1 Passes Ohio has voted to make the right to an abortion protected by the State Constitution. ›
  • WINNER Andy Beshear, Democrat, is re-elected as governor of Kentucky. ›
  • Polls closing in N.Y. › Polls in Colorado and New York will close at 9 p.m. Eastern. Voters in New York City are casting ballots in races for City Council and District Attorney.
  • Polls closing in Miss. › Polls will close in seven states at 8 p.m. Eastern. In Mississippi, Gov. Tate Reeves, a Republican, is seeking re-election against an upstart challenger.
  • Ohio Abortion Issue › Voters in Ohio will decide whether to add an amendment to the State Constitution establishing a right to abortion. Polls close at 7:30 p.m. Eastern.
  • Va. State Legislature › At stake in Virginia: If Republicans flip the State Senate, they will control the governor’s office and the state legislature. Polls close at 7 p.m. Eastern.
  • First Results › Polls in Kentucky will be the first to close, at 6 p.m. Eastern. Gov. Andy Beshear, a Democrat, is up for reelection in a closely watched race.
  • Ohio Ballot Issues › Ohioans are voting on two ballot issues. One seeks to amend the State Constitution to establish a right to abortion, and one would legalize marijuana.
  • Va. State Legislature › The Virginia legislature is up for grabs tonight. Republicans would control the governor’s office and the state legislature if they can flip the State Senate.
  • Live Results at 6 p.m. E.T. › Twelve states are voting today, with governors, state initiatives and legislative control on the ballot. The first polls will close in Kentucky at 6 p.m. Eastern.

This citizen-sponsored measure would make Ohio the latest in a string of states to enshrine a right to abortion in its Constitution. A “yes” vote would amend the Constitution to give individuals the “right to make and carry out one’s own reproductive decisions,” including on abortion. Read more

Ohio has voted to make the right to an abortion protected by the State Constitution.

Race called by The Associated Press.

race called.

Where votes have been reported and where votes remain

These maps show the leading vote-getters’ margins in the vote reported so far, and estimates for which vote-getter leads in the remaining votes that we expect from each county.

Votes reported

Circle size is proportional to the amount each county’s leading vote-getter is ahead.

Estimated votes remaining

We have stopped updating this forecast as of 1 a.m. eastern on nov. 8. this map now shows archived data as of that time., we stopped updating our forecasts at 1 a.m. eastern on nov. 8. these graphics and estimates are now showing archived data as of that time., live forecast: estimating the outcome.

This is our current best estimate for the outcome of this race. We look at the votes that have been reported so far and adjust our estimate based on what we expect from the votes that remain.

How our estimated margin has changed so far

The lines below show how the reported margin (dashed line) compares with our estimated final margin (solid line surrounded by an estimate of uncertainty). As a rule, when our estimated margin is steady in the presence of new vote data, our forecast is more trustworthy.

Est. margin

Estimated share of total votes reported, 2023 general election results.

  • Connecticut
  • Mississippi
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island


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  24. Daylight saving 2023: Here are the states that want it to end : NPR

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  27. Issue 1 Abortion Measure Passes in Ohio: Live Results

    Source: Election results and race calls are from The Associated Press. The Times estimates the share of votes reported and the number of remaining votes, based on historic turnout data and ...