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Republic Act 9003: The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

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Ecological Solid Waste Management of 2000 (RA 9003)

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Chelsea Bless Nabing

Solid waste management is one of the environmental problems that the world is facing. It has already existed since the time when human beings started to create or invent, and longed for development. As human population increases over time, the need and use of solid materials has been accumulated. This study will give an overview on the Philippines‟ long-time problem on solid waste management (SWM). It includes the efforts of the local government in implementing the Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 or simply known as Republic Act 9003, in the urban areas such as in Manila. In addition, it will also include a brief history of how national government came up with such policy and how it is executed until today. This study aims to determine the success and struggles of the local government units in executing the R.A 9003 in managing the solid wastes. Furthermore, this study will also aim the role of other international laws that encouraged the creation of the R.A 9003 if there is any. ...

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After the Philippine Government’s enactment of the “Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000”, literature suggests that there is still a lot to improve especially in the implementation of the law for over two decades now. Factors such as population growth, technological advancements, and the recently ended global pandemic have exacerbated the problems regarding waste management and environmental protection as a law. At the core of the bureaucracy that face these escalating factors, are the Local Government Units. This study situates the analysis towards the enacted localized legislation of RA 9003 at the Barangay level, by interrogating the implementation of such law in Barangay Ward 3 –Poblacion, in the Municipality of Minglanilla in Cebu. This looks into the actual localization of the law into a Barangay ordinance and its implementation as it tries to achieve its objectives.

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W ith the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, or Republic Act 9003, a priority concern of the nation's lawmakers, floods in the metropolis and other urban centers in the country brought about by the onset of the rainy season may soon be a thing of the past. Floods are only one of the consequences of improper disposal of garbage. That the garbage problem in Metro Manila and in most urban areas is getting out of hand cannot be overemphasized. Metro Manila alone generates 6,000 t of garbage daily. Of this, only about 4,400 t is collected and properly disposed of while the rest remain uncollected and continue to litter the streets, clogging esteros and river tributaries. Some are simply dumped in vacant lots. The government has put in place a waste management system that will address the problem posed by tons of garbage generated every day. Thus, the Solid Waste Management Act intends to successfully reduce the amount of garbage while putting up an efficient recycling-based management system in the country. This means getting garbage off the streets, canals and esteros. The first line of defense in the war against wastes is reducing garbage starting at the household level and by segregating biodegradable from nonbiodegradable wastes. With urbanization, economic development and population growth come additional wastes which contribute to organic pollution and worsen flooding. Hand in hand with legislation of solid waste management would be more investment on more people participation where people decide to manage their trash by themselves, following certain guidelines. Community residents could launch a " Zero Waste for Progress " campaign using the common method of segregation. They, later, would sell reusable materials to junk shops and use the biodegradables as compost for community gardens. Republic Act No. 9003 must not only be verbalized, but internalized and actualized with the end thereof, preserving and protecting the environment, and pointing out the importance of bettering the quality of life of Filipinos.

Chemistry || Problems || Engineering Works || Ms. Castillo

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ecological solid waste management act of 2000 ra 9003

Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003

Nov 13, 2014

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Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003. Pauline Sy. Background. Passed by the Congress and Senate on 2000, and approved by President Gloria Macapagal -Arroyo 0n January 26,2001

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Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000RA 9003 Pauline Sy

Background • Passed by the Congress and Senate on 2000, and approved by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 0n January 26,2001 • Provides an ecological solid waste management program, and lists prohibited acts and penalties for the perpetrator

General Provisions • Ensure protection of public health and environment • Encourage minimization of solid waste generation, and the recycle and re-use of recyclable wastes • Encourage proper segregation, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid wastes • Promote national research and development programs to improve waste management, conservation, reduction, collection, separation, and recovery • Encourage participation in, and implementation of, solid waste management • Promote environmental awareness

Definition of terms Controlled dump • Disposal site at which solid waste is deposited in accordance with the minimum prescribed standards. Leachate • Liquid produced when waste undergo decomposition, and when water percolates through solid waste decomposition. It is a contaminated liquid that contains dissolved and suspended materials. Open dump • Disposal area wherein the solid wastes are indiscriminately thrown/disposed of without consideration for environmental and health standards. Ecological solid waste management • Systematic administration of segregation at source, transportation, storage, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid wastes.

Solid waste management facility • Any facility for the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment, or disposal of solid wastes Solid wastes • Includes agricultural wastes (from planting or harvesting of crops), bulky wastes (broken furniture), white goods (broken appliances), and yard wastes (wood, branches, leaves, etc) • Does not include hospital or laboratory wastes, or hazardous wastes Recyclable material • Collected wastes that are free from contamination and can be reused as raw materials (such as newspaper and scrap metal) Sanitary landfill • Waste disposal site designed, constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner that exerts engineering control over significant potential environmental impacts arising from the development and operation of the facility

National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) • Composes of 14 members from the government and 3 members from private sector • Holds meetings at least once a month • Functions and power of the Commission: • Formulate and plan the National Solid Waste Management Framework • Develop standards and guidelines for solid waste management, as well as penalty for the violation of rules and regulations • Review and monitor the implementation of the solid waste management plans • Prescribe procedures for issuance of appropriate permits and clearances • Develop programs in marketing the recycled materials

Members (Government): • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) • Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) • Department of Science and Technology (DOST) • Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) • Department of Health (DOH) • Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) • Department of Agriculture (DA) • Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) • League of provincial governors • League of city mayors • League of municipal mayors • Association of barangay councils • Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) • Philippine Information Agency

Members (Private Sector): • A representative from non-government organizations (NGOs) whose purpose is to promote recycling and the protection of air and water quality • A representative from the recycling industry • A representative from the manufacturing or packaging industry

National Ecology Center (NEC) • Provides consulting, information training, and networking services for the implementation of the provisions of RA 9003 • Headed by the Environmental Management Bureau • Functions: • Facilitate training and education on ecological solid waste management • Establish and manage a solid waste management information data base with DTI and other concerned agencies (manufacturers, recyclers, etc) • Promote development of recycling market • Facilitate assistance in solid waste management facilities • Develop, test, and disseminate model waste minimization and reduction

Roles of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) • Chair of the National Solid Waste Management Commission • Prepare an annual national solid waste management status report • Prepare and distribute information on solid waste management • Establish methods and guidelines on waste reduction, collection, and disposal • Visitorial powers (on any solid waste generator, recycler, facilities, etc)

Solid waste management boards • Provincial Solid Waste Management Board • Established in every province and is chaired by the governor, with the exception of Metro Manila (chaired by the chairperson of MMDA) • City and Municipal Solid Waste Management Board • Established in every city or municipality and is chaired by the city or municipal mayor

Functions and powers of the solid waste management boards • May call concerned agencies or sectors when necessary • Prepare, develop, and implement long-term solid waste management • Develop specific mechanics and guidelines for the implementation of the management plan • Monitor the implementation of the management plan • Recommend measures against pollution for the preservation of the natural ecosystem • Review the management plan every 2 years or as needed

Provincial Solid Waste Management Board • Members: • All mayors of its component cities and municipalities • 1 representative from SangguniangPanlalawigan • The provincial health and/or general services officers • The provincial environment and natural resources officer • The provincial engineer • Congressional representative/s from each congressional district • A representative from an NGO whose purpose is to promote recycling and protection of air and water quality • A representative from the recycling industry • A representative from a manufacturing or packaging industry

City or Municipal Solid Waste Management Board Members: • 1 representative of SangguniangPanlungsod or the SangguniangBayan • President of the association of baranggay councils in the municipality or city • Charperson of the SangguniangKabataan Federation • A representative from NGOs whose purpose is to promote recycling and protection of air and water quality • A representative from the recycling industry • A representative from the manufacturing or packing industry • A representative of each concerned gov’t agency

National Solid Waste Management Status Report • Prepared by the Commission and submitted to DENR • Updated every 2 years or if needed • Must include, but not limited to: • Inventory of existing solid waste facilities • General waste characterization (type of waste for reduction and recycling, quantity generated and estimated volume) • Projection of waste generation • Varying regional geologic, hydrologic, climatic, and other factors vital in implementation of solid waste practices

Population density • Political, economic, organizational, financial and management problems affecting solid waste management • Systems and techniques of waste reduction, re-use and recycling • Available markets for recyclable materials • Estimated cost of collecting, storing, transporting, marketing, and disposal of wastes and recyclable materials • Qualitative and quantitative information concerning the extent of solid waste management problems and activities

National Solid Waste Management Framework Includes: • Analysis and evaluation of current state of solid waste management • Identification of critical solid waste facilities and local gov’t units that need closer monitoring • Practical applications of environmentally sound techniques of waste minimization • Appropriate solid waste facilities and conservation systems • Recycling programs

Local Gov’t Solid Waste Management Plans • Shall be for the re-use, recycling, and composting of wastes • Reviewed and updated every year by the board • Must be approved by the Commission • Components: • City or Municipal Profile • Estimated population • Map indicating locations of residential, commercial, and industrial centers, dumpsites, landfills, and other solid waste facilities, and the proposed sites for disposal • Estimated solid waste generation and projection • Inventory of existing waste disposal facilities and capacities

Waste characterization • Volume, material type, source of generation (residential, commercial, industrial, etc) • Collection and Transfer • Availability and provision of containers for disposal • Segregation of solid wastes • Compostable, non-recyclable, recyclable, special wastes • Provision of properly-trained officers/workers for disposal • Processing • Source reduction

Recycling • Composting • Solid waste facility capacity and final disposal • Education and public information • Special Waste • Resource requirement and funding • Privatization of solid waste management projects • Incentive programs

Requirements for collection and transport of solid wastes • Collection: • Collectors must be equipped with protective equipment • Collectors must be trained for proper handling of solid wastes • Transport: • Vehicles must be covered and must bear the number and name of the solid waste agency • Transfer stations • Site of station must consider the land, proximity to collection area, and accessibility of haul routes to disposal facility

Waste Management Facilities • Inventory of Waste Disposal Facilities –by DENR, DOH, DILG, and other concerned agencies • Prohibition against the use of open dumps for solid waste • Permit for solid waste management facility construction and expansion • Guidelines for controlled dumps • Surface water and peripheral site drainage control • Provision for decomposition • Restriction of waste deposition to small working areas • Controlled waste picking • Post-closure site cover and vegetation

Sanitary Landfills • Siting of sanitary landfills: • Must be consistent with the land use plan of the LGUs • Should have adequate quantity of earth cover material that is easily handled and compacted • Must not be located near aquifers, grounwater reservoirs, or watershed areas • Must large enough to be able to accommodate the community’s waste for 5 years • Must have a separate containment area for hazardous wastes

Criteria for establishment of Sanitary Landfills: • Liners –system of clay layers and/or geosynthetic membranes to contain leachate and reduce or prevent contaminant flow to groundwater • Leachate collection and treatment system • Gas control recovery system –to collect gas for treatment or for use as an energy source • Groundwater monitoring well system –to take water samples for groundwater quality • Cover –soil and geosynthetic materials placed over the waste each day to control the infiltration of water, gas emission to the atmosphere • Closure procedure • Post-closure care procedure –owner must maintain the landfill ‘s environment

Criteria for operating sanitary landfills: • Disposal site records • Records of weights/volumes accepted, accurate to within 10% and must be adequate for overall planning and forecasting the rate of site filling • Records of excavations • Daily logbook/file of fires, landslides, earthquake damages, injury and property damages, accidents, etc • Record of personnel training • Water quality monitoring –surface/ground waters and effluent, and gas emissions • Documents –approvals and other requirements by DEnR • Signs –in public roads, primary entrance, and disposal site • Proper and sanitary facilities –fencing or barriers to keep unauthorized access; accessible communication facilities for emergencies; proper lighting; washrooms and safe drinking water for personnel

Personnel must be trained, and must wear proper safety equipment • Proper handling of wastes • Solid wastes must be spread and compacted in layers, which must be done as rapidly as possible • Cover material must be placed so as not to cause interference with unloading, spreading, etc

Incentives • Monetary rewards that are sourced from the commission fund • Types of Incentives: • Fiscal incentives (Tax Incentives) • Tax-free or duty-free importation of equipment used for collection of solid wastes (must not be sold 5 years from date of acquisition) • Tax credit on domestic capital equipment- 50% of the value will be waived • Tax and duty exemption of donations legacies and gift to LGUs, NGOs, or private entities • Non-fiscal incentives • The Commission will provide services and assistance

Financial assistance program • Gov’t financial institutions (banks, etc) will provide financial services according to the provisions • Extension of grants to LGUs • Extension of operation • Incentives to host LGUs • LGUs will be granted this incentive when they host waste management facilities

Solid Waste Management Fund • Registered as a special account in the National Treasury • The fund is sourced from: • Fines and penalties imposed • Proceeds of permits and licenses issued by DENR • Donations, endowments, and grants • Allowance given by the gov’t • The fund is used on: • Products, facilities, technologies to develop proper solid waste management • Awards and incentives • Research programs • Operations of the Commission

Prohibited acts • Littering • Open burning of solid waste • Not segregating waste • Squatting in open dumps/landfills • Open dumping, or burying of wastes in flood-prone areas • Importation/manufacturing/distributing of non-environmentally acceptable materials • Operating without an Environmental Compliance Certificate, or not conforming with the land use plan of the LGU (for solid waste disposal facilities)

References • http://www.emb.gov.ph/laws/solid%20waste%20management/ra9003.pdf • Video source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-ps_0UFmfI

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DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

Page 1: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

DENR Administrative OrderNo. 2001 - 34December 20, 2001

SUBJECT : Implementing Rules andRegulations of Republic Act 9003.

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 59 of Republic Act No. 9003,otherwise known as the “Philippine Ecological Solid WasteManagement Act of 2000,” and by virtue of Executive Order No.192, Series of 1987, the Department of Environment and NaturalResources hereby adopts and promulgates the following rules andregulations

PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS

RULE I. PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

Section 1. Title

Theses Rules shall be known and cited as the “Implementing Rulesand Regulations of the Philippine Ecological Solid WasteManagement Act of 2000.”

Section 2. Purpose

These Rules are promulgated to prescribe the procedures andguidelines for the implementation of the Philippine Solid WasteManagement Act of 9003 in order to facilitate compliancetherewith and achieve the objectives thereof.

Section 3. Scope

These Rules shall lay down the powers and functions of theDepartment of Environment and Natural Resources, theDepartment of Trade and Industry, all other concerned agenciesand local government units, the rights and obligations of

Page 2: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

stakeholders and the rights and duties of the people with respect tothe implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management.

Section 4. Construction

These Implementing Rules and Regulations shall be liberallyconstrued to carry out the national policy of adopting a systematic,comprehensive and ecological solid waste management programconsistent with the pursuit of sustainable development. The Rulesalso cover support actions such as research and studies on solidwastes, providing technical standards and guidelines for effectivewaste management systems.

Section 5. Administrative and Enforcement

These Rules and Regulations shall be administered by theSecretary or his duly authorized representative or through anyother department, bureau, office, agency, local government units,state university or college and other instrumentalities of thegovernment for assistance in the form of personnel, facilities andother resources as the need arises in the discharge of its functions.

RULE II. DECLARATION OF STATE POLICY

Section 1. Declaration of Policies

It is the policy of the State to adopt a systematic, comprehensiveand ecological solid waste management program which shall:

a) Ensure the protection of public health and environment;

b) Utilize environmentally-sound methods that maximize theutilization of valuable resources and encourage resourcesconservation and recovery;

c) Set guidelines and targets for solid waste avoidance andvolume reduction through source reduction and waste

Page 3: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

minimization measures, including composting, recycling,re-use, recovery, green charcoal process, and others, beforecollection, treatment and disposal in appropriate andenvironmentally-sound solid waste management facilitiesin accordance with ecologically sustainable developmentprinciples;

d) Ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport,storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through theformulation and adoption of the best environmentalpractices in ecological waste management excludingincineration;

e) Promote national research and development programs forimproved solid waste management and resourceconservation techniques, more effective institutionalarrangement and indigenous and improved methods ofwaste reduction, collection, separation and recovery;

f) Encourage greater private sector participation in solidwaste management;

g) Retain primary enforcement and responsibility of solidwaste management with local government units whileestablishing a cooperative effort among the nationalgovernment, other local government units, non-governmentorganizations, and the private sector;

h) Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among wastegenerators through the application of market-basedinstruments;

i) Institutionalize public participation in the development andimplementation of national and local integrated,comprehensive and ecological waste managementprograms; and

Page 4: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

j) Strengthen the integration of ecological solid wastemanagement and resource conservation and recovery topicsinto the academic curricula of formal and non-formaleducation in order to promote environmental awareness andaction among the citizenry.

RULE III. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Section 1. Definitions

For the purpose of these Implementing Rules and Regulations, thefollowing words and phrases shall have the following meanings:

“Agricultural waste” shall refer to waste generated from plantingor harvesting of crops, trimming or pruning of plants and wastes orrun-off materials from farms or fields.

“Bulky wastes” shall refer to waste materials which cannot beappropriately placed in separate containers because of either itsbulky size, shape or other physical attributes. These include largeworn-out or broken household, commercial, and industrial itemssuch as furniture, lamps, bookcases, filing cabinets, and othersimilar items.

“Bureau” shall refer to the Environmental Management Bureau.

“Buy-back center” shall refer to a recycling center that purchasesor otherwise accepts recyclable materials from the public for thepurpose of recycling such materials.

“Collection” shall refer to the act of removing solid waste fromthe source or from a communal storage point.

“Composting” shall refer to the controlled decomposition oforganic matter by micro-organisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, intoa humus-like product.

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“Consumer electronics” shall refer to special wastes that includeworn-out, broken, and other discarded items such as radios,stereos, and TV sets.

“Controlled dump” shall refer to a disposal site at which solidwaste is deposited in accordance with the minimum prescribedstandards of site operation.

“Department” shall refer to the Department of Environment andNatural Resources.

“Disposal” shall refer to the discharge, deposit, dumping, spilling,leaking or placing of any solid waste into or in any land.

“Disposal site” shall refer to a site where solid waste is finallydischarged and deposited.

“Ecological solid waste management” shall refer to the systematicadministration of activities which provide for segregation atsource, segregated transportation, storage, transfer, processing,treatment, and disposal of solid waste and all other wastemanagement activities which do not harm the environment.

“Environmentally acceptable” shall refer to the quality of beingre-usable, biodegradable or compostable, recyclable and not toxicor hazardous to the environment.

“Environmentally preferable” shall refer to products or servicesthat have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and theenvironment when compared with competing products or servicesthat serve the same purpose. This comparison may consider rawmaterials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging,distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance or disposal of theproduct or service.

“Generation” shall refer to the act or process of producing solidwaste.

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“Generator” shall refer to a person, natural or juridical, who lastuses a material and makes it available for disposal or recycling.

“Hazardous waste” shall refer to solid waste or combination ofsolid waste which because of its quantity, concentration, orphysical, chemical or infectious characteristics may: cause, orsignificantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase inserious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness; or pose asubstantial present or potential hazard to human health or theenvironment when improperly treated, stored, transported, ordisposed of, or otherwise managed.

“Leachate” shall refer to the liquid produced when waste undergodecomposition, and when water percolate through solid wasteundergoing decomposition. It is a contaminated liquid thatcontains dissolved and suspended materials.

“Life cycle assessment” shall refer to the compilation andevaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmentalimpacts of a product system throughout its life cycle.

“Materials recovery facility” shall include solid waste transferstation or sorting station, drop-off center, a composting facility,and a recycling facility.

“Municipal wastes” shall refer to wastes produced from activitieswithin local government units which include a combination ofdomestic, commercial, institutional and industrial wastes and streetlitters.

“Non-environmentally acceptable products or packaging” shallrefer to products or packaging that are unsafe in production, use,post-consumer use, or that produce or release harmful products.

“Open burning” shall refer to the thermal destruction of wastes bymeans of direct exposure to fire. Furthermore, this definition shallapply to traditional small-scale methods of community sanitation“siga”.

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“Open dump” shall refer to a disposal area wherein the solidwastes are indiscriminately thrown or disposed of without dueplanning and consideration for environmental and health standards.

“Opportunity to recycle” shall refer to the act of providing a placefor collecting source-separated recyclable material, located eitherat a disposal site or at another location more convenient to thepopulation being served, and collection at least once a month ofsource-separated recyclable material from collection servicecustomers and to providing a public education and promotionprogram that gives notice to each person of the opportunity torecycle and encourage source separation of recyclable material.

“Person(s)” shall refer to any being, natural or juridical,susceptible of rights and obligations, or of being the subject oflegal relations.

“Post-consumer material” shall refer only to those materials orproducts generated by a business or consumer which have servedtheir intended end use, and which have been separated or divertedfrom solid waste for the purpose of being collected, processed andused as a raw material in the manufacturing of recycled product,excluding materials and by-products generated from, andcommonly used within an original manufacturing process, such asmill scrap.

“Receptacles” shall refer to individual containers used for thesource separation and the collection of recyclable materials.

“Recovered material” shall refer to material and by-products thathave been recovered or diverted from solid waste for the purposeof being collected, processed and used as a raw material in themanufacture of a recycled product.

“Recyclable material” shall refer to any waste material retrievedfrom the waste stream and free from contamination that can still beconverted into suitable beneficial use or for other purposes,including, but not limited to, newspaper, ferrous scrap metal, non-

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ferrous scrap metal, used oil, corrugated cardboard, aluminum,glass, office paper, tin cans, plastics and other materials as may bedetermined by the Commission.

“Recycled material” shall refer to post-consumer material that hasbeen recycled and returned to the economy.

“Recycling” shall refer to the treating of used or waste materialsthrough a process of making them suitable for beneficial use andfor other purposes, and includes any process by which solid wastematerials are transformed into new products in such a manner thatthe original products may lose their identity, and which may beused as raw materials for the production of other goods or services:Provided, that the collection, segregation and re-use of previouslyused packaging material shall be deemed recycling under the Act.

“Resource conservation” shall refer to the reduction of the amountof solid waste that are generated or the reduction of overallresource consumption, and utilization of recovered resources.

“Resource recovery” shall refer to the collection, extraction orrecovery of recyclable materials from the waste stream for thepurpose of recycling, generating energy or producing a productsuitable for beneficial use: Provided, That, such resource recoveryfacilities exclude incineration.

“Re-use” shall refer to the process of recovering materialsintended for the same or different purpose without the alteration ofphysical and chemical characteristics.

“Sanitary landfill” shall refer to a waste disposal site designed,constructed, operated and maintained in a manner that exertsengineering control over significant potential environmentalimpacts arising from the development and operation of the facility.“Schedule of Compliance” shall refer to an enforceable sequenceof actions or operations to be accomplished within a stipulatedtime frame leading to compliance with a limitation, prohibition, or

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standard set forth in the Act or any rule or regulation issuedpursuant thereto.

“Secretary” shall refer to the Secretary of the Department ofEnvironment and Natural Resources.

“Segregation” shall refer to sorting and segregation of differentmaterials found in solid waste in order to promote recycling andre-use of resources and to reduce the volume of waste forcollection and disposal.

“Segregation at source” shall refer to a solid waste managementpractice of separating, at the point of origin, different materialsfound in solid waste in order to promote recycling and re-use ofresources and to reduce the volume of waste for collection anddisposal.

“Solid waste” shall refer to all discarded household, commercialwaste, non-hazardous institutional, ports / harbour and industrialwaste, street sweepings, construction debris, agriculture waste, andother non-hazardous/non-toxic solid waste. Unless specificallynoted otherwise, the term “solid waste” as used in the Act shall notinclude:

a) waste identified or listed as hazardous waste of a solid,liquid, contained gaseous or semisolid form which maycause or contribute to an increase in mortality or in seriousor incapacitating reversible illness, or acute/chronic effecton the health of persons and other organisms;

b) infectious waste from hospitals such as equipment,instruments, utensils, and fomites of a disposable naturefrom patients who are suspected to have or have beendiagnosed as having communicable diseases and musttherefore be isolated as required by public health agencies,laboratory wastes such as pathological specimens (i.e., alltissues, specimens of blood elements, excreta, andsecretions obtained from patients or laboratory animals),

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and disposable fomites that may harbor or transmitpathogenic organisms, and surgical operating roompathologic specimens and disposable fomites attendantthereto, and similar disposable materials from outpatientareas and emergency rooms; and

c) waste resulting from mining activities, includingcontaminated soil and debris.

“Solid waste management” shall refer to the discipline associatedwith the control of generation, storage, collection, transfer andtransport, processing, and disposal of solid wastes in a manner thatis in accord with the best principles of public health, economics,engineering, conservation, aesthetics, and other environmentalconsiderations, and that is also responsive to public attitudes.

“Solid waste management facility” shall refer to any resourcerecovery system or component thereof; any system, program, orfacility for resource conservation; any facility for the collection,source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing,treatment, or disposal of solid waste.

“Source reduction” shall refer to the reduction of solid wastebefore it enters the solid waste stream by methods such as productdesign, materials substitution, materials re-use and packagingrestrictions.

“Source separation” shall refer to the sorting of solid waste intosome or all of its component parts at the point of generation.

“Special wastes” shall refer to household hazardous wastes suchas paints, thinners, household batteries, lead-acid batteries, spraycanisters and the like. These include wastes from residential andcommercial sources that comprise of bulky wastes, consumerelectronics, white goods, yard wastes that are collected separately,batteries, oil, and tires. These wastes are usually handledseparately from other residential and commercial wastes.

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“Storage” shall refer to the interim containment of solid wasteafter generation and prior to collection for ultimate recovery ordisposal.

“Transfer stations” shall refer to those facilities utilized to receivesolid wastes, temporarily store, separate, convert, or otherwiseprocess the materials in the solid wastes, or to transfer the solidwastes directly from smaller to larger vehicles for transport. Thisterm does not include any of the following:

a) a facility whose principal function is to receive, store,separate, convert, or otherwise process in accordance withnational minimum standards;

b) a facility, whose principal function is to receive, store,convert, or otherwise process wastes which have alreadybeen separated for re-use and are not intended for disposal;and

c) the operations premises of a duly licensed solid wastehandling operator who receives, stores, transfers, orotherwise processes wastes as an activity incidental to theconduct of a refuse collection and disposal business.

“Waste diversion” shall refer to activities which reduce oreliminate the amount of solid wastes from waste disposal facilities.

“White goods” shall refer to large worn-out or broken household,commercial, and industrial appliances such as stoves, refrigerators,dishwaters, and clothes washers and dryers collected separately.White goods are usually dismantled for the recovery of specificmaterials (e.g., copper, aluminum, etc.).

“Yard waste” shall refer to wood, small or chipped branches,leaves, grass clippings, garden debris, vegetables residue that isrecognizable as part of a plant or vegetable and other materialsidentified by the Commission.

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PART II INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES ANDMECHANISMS

RULE IV. OVERSIGHT ARRANGEMENTS

Section 1. Powers and Functions of the National SolidWaste Management Commission

A National Solid Waste Management Commission, hereinafterreferred to as the Commission, and under the Office of thePresident, is hereby established. The Commission is tasked tooversee the implementation of solid waste management plans andprescribe policies to achieve the objectives of the Act. TheCommission shall undertake the following activities:

a) Prepare the National Solid Waste Management Framework;

b) Approve local solid waste management plans in accordancewith its rules and regulations:

c) Review and monitor the implementation of local solidwaste management plans;

d) Coordinate the operation of local solid waste managementboards in the provincial and city/municipal levels;

e) To the maximum extent feasible, utilizing existingresources, assist provincial, city and municipal solid wastemanagement boards the preparation, modification, andimplementation of waste management plans;

f) Develop a model provincial, city and municipal solid wastemanagement plan that will establish prototypes of thecontent and format which provinces, cities andmunicipalities may use in meeting the requirements of theNational Solid Waste Management Framework;

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g) Adopt a program to provide technical and other capabilitybuilding assistance and support to local government units inthe development and implementation of source reductionprograms;

h) Develop and implement a program to assist localgovernment units in the identification of markets formaterials that are diverted from disposal facilities throughre-use, recycling, and composting and other environment-friendly methods;

i) Develop a mechanism for the imposition of sanctions forthe violation of environmental rules and regulations;

j) Manage the Solid Waste Management Fund;

k) Develop and prescribe procedures for the issuance ofappropriate permits and clearances;

l) Review the incentives scheme for effective solid wastemanagement, for purposes of ensuring relevance andefficiency in achieving the objectives of the Act;

m) Formulate the necessary education promotion andinformation campaign strategies;

n) Establish, after notice and hearing of the parties concerned,standards, criteria, guidelines and formula that are fair,equitable and reasonable in establishing tipping chargesand rates that the proponent will charge in the operationand management of solid waste management facilities andtechnologies;

o) Develop safety nets and alternative livelihood programs forsmall recyclers and other sectors that will be affected as aresult of the construction and/or operation of a solid wastemanagement recycling plant or facility;

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p) Formulate and update a list of non-environmentallyacceptable materials in accordance with the provisions ofthe Act. For this purpose, it shall be necessary that properconsultation be conducted by the Commission with allconcerned industries to ensure a list that is based ontechnological and economic viability;

q) Encourage private sector initiatives, communityparticipation and investments resource recovery-basedlivelihood programs for local communities;

r) Encourage all local government agencies and all localgovernment units to patronize products manufactured usingrecycled and recyclable materials;

s) Propose and adopt regulations requiring the sourceseparation and post separation collection, segregatedcollection, processing, marketing and sale of organic anddesignated recyclable material generated in each localgovernment unit; and

t) Study and review the following:

1. Standards, criteria and guidelines for the promulgationand implementation of an integrated national solidwaste management framework; and

2. Criteria and guidelines for siting, design, operation andmaintenance of solid waste management facilities.

Section 2. Composition and Membership of theCommission

The Commission shall be composed of fourteen (14) membersfrom the government sector and three (3) members from theprivate sector. The heads of the following agencies, in their ex-officio capacity, shall represent the government sector:

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a. Department of Environment and Natural Resources(DENR);

b. Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG);c. Department of Science and Technology (DOST);d. Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH);e. Department of Health (DOH);f. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI);g. Department of Agriculture (DA);h. Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA);i. League of Provinces of the Philippines (LPP);j. League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP);k. League of Municipalities of the Philippines (LMP);l. Liga ng Mga Barangay;m. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority

(TESDA); andn. Philippine Information Agency (PIA).

The private sectors are to be represented by the following:

a. A representative from non-government organizations(NGOs) whose principal purpose is to promote recyclingand the protection of air and water quality;

b. A representative from the recycling industry; andc. A representative from the manufacturing or packaging

The Department Secretary and a private sector representative ofthe Commission shall serve as chairman and vice-chairman,respectively. The Commission may, from time to time, call on anyother concerned agencies or sectors as it may deem necessary. TheSecretaries/Heads of the member agencies of the Commission shallformulate action plans for their respective agencies to complementthe National Solid Waste Management Framework.

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Section 3. Selection Process and Tenure of Office for thePrivate Sector Representatives

Representatives from the NGOs, recycling and manufacturing orpackaging industries shall be nominated through a processdesigned by themselves and shall be appointed by the President fora term of three (3) years.

The appointment of private sector representatives shall be based onthe following criteria:

a. Integrity;b. High degree of professionalism; andc. Distinguished themselves in the environmental and resource

management sector.

In any event that members of the Commission fail to completehis/her term, the successor shall also be appointed by the Presidentbut only for the unexpired portion of term.

Section 4. Meetings of the Commission

The Commission shall meet at least once a month. The presenceof at least a majority of the members shall constitute a quorum.The chairman, or in his absence the vice-chairman, shall bepresiding officer. In the absence of the heads of the agenciesmentioned under Section 4 of the Act, they may designatepermanent representatives to attend the meetings.

Section 5. Conduct of Business of the Commission

Within six (6) months upon effectivity of the IRR, the Commissionshall formulate its governing rules that will define its conduct ofbusiness in carrying out the functions stipulated above.

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RULE V. SUPPORT INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS

Section 1. Role of the National and Regional EcologyCenters

Under the Commission, a National Ecology Center is to beestablished headed by the Director of the EMB in his ex-officiocapacity. Regional Ecology Centers will also be establishedheaded by EMB Regional Directors in their ex-officio capacity.The Ecology Centers shall provide technical expertise,information, training and networking services for theimplementation of the provisions of the Act. The Center shallspecifically perform the following functions:

a) Facilitate training and education in integrated ecologicalsolid waste management through the following:

1. formulation of training program for LGUs andprivate sector on the proper management of solidwastes;

2. development of training program on the technicaloperations of solid waste management facilities;

3. formulation of training program for deputizedenforcers and implementers

4. development of an accreditation and certificationsystem for the conduct and holding of trainingprograms on solid waste management; and

5. in collaboration with the Department of Education(DeptEd) develop an education program that willpromote an effective solid waste managementsystems.

b) Establish and manage a comprehensive solid wastemanagement information data base and disseminationsystem focusing, inter alia, on the following areas:

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1. in collaboration with DTI, a solid waste generationand management techniques as well as themanagement, technical and operational approachesto resource recovery;

2. in collaboration with DTI and processors/recyclers,the list of materials being recycled or brought bythem and their respective prices; and

3. in coordination with DTI information on cleanerproduction/cleaner technologies that promoteefficient solid waste management.

c) Promote the development of a recycling market through theestablishment of a national recycling network that willenhance the opportunity for recycling;

d) Act as the hub for networking of LGUs, NGOs and industryon voluntary compliance of the pertinent provisions of theAct;

e) Provide or facilitate expert assistance in pilot modeling ofsolid waste management facilities including technologiesand techniques for effective solid waste management;

f) Develop, test and disseminate model waste minimizationand reduction auditing procedures for evaluation options;and

g) Act as the clearinghouse for cleaner production/cleanertechnologies on solid waste management.

The Ecology Centers shall give primary consideration of makingall the information generated, collected, recorded and storedaccessible to the general public. Said information shall includedata for solid waste management plans, the National Framework,the National Status Report and all other relevant informationnecessary to ecological solid waste management.

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Section 2. Functions of the Secretariat

The Department, through the Environmental Management Bureau,shall provide secretariat support to the Commission. An ExecutiveDirector who shall be nominated by the members of theCommission and appointed by the Chairman of the Commissionshall head the Secretariat. The general functions of the Secretariatshall the following:

a) Prepare all the documents that are to be tabled fordeliberation by the Commission;

b) Record and document all the proceedings of the meetings;c) Handle all the administrative requisites of the Commission;d) Index and keep all records used and referenced by the

Commission;e) Serve as the clearinghouse for all projects/programs for

implementation by the LGUs and/or the public or privatesector;

f) Evaluate and review proposals submitted for fundingsupport from the Solid Waste Management Fund; and

g) Perform all other functions as may be deemed necessary bythe Commission.

Section 3. Role of the Department

For the furtherance of the objectives of the Act, the Departmentshall have the following functions:

a) Chair the Commission created pursuant to the Act;b) Prepare an annual National Solid Waste Management Status

Report;c) Prepare and distribute information, education and

communication materials on solid waste management;d) Establish methods and other parameters for the

measurement of waste reduction, collection and disposal;e) Provide technical and other capability building assistance

and support to the LGUs in the development and

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implementation of local solid waste management plans andprograms;

f) Recommend policies to eliminate barriers to waste reductionprograms;

g) Exercise visitorial and enforcement powers to ensure strictcompliance with the Act;

h) Issue rules and regulations to effectively implement theprovisions of the Act; and

i) Perform such other powers and functions necessary toachieve the objectives to the Act.

Section 4. Visitorial Powers of the Department

a) Reports and records requirements

The Department or its duly authorized representative shall haveaccess to, and the right to copy therefrom, all records requiredto be maintained pursuant to the provisions of the Act.

b) Right of entry, inspection and investigation

The Secretary or the duly authorized representative shalllikewise have the right to enter the premises of any generator,recycler or manufacturer, or other facilities any time to questionany employee or investigate any fact, condition or matter whichmay be necessary to determine any violation of the provisionsof the Act. The Department within three (3) months followingthe effectivity of this Rules and Regulations shall issue thespecific protocols that will be observed in involving visitorialpowers authorized under the Act.

Section 5. Licenses and Permits Issued by the Department

No persons, entity or company will be allowed to construct oroperate any SWM facility until the said person or entity hasapplied for and obtained valid permits and licenses to operate. TheBureau, in coordination with the relevant agencies and localgovernment units, shall identify the specific permitting and

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licensing requirements under its existing regulatory functions foreach of the corresponding phases of the SWM. The listing ofpermitting and licensing requirements shall be published within six(6) months following the effectivity of these Rules andRegulations.

RULE VI. CREATION OF LOCAL SOLID WASTEMANAGEMENT BOARDS

Section 1. Creation of the Provincial Solid WasteManagement Boards

Local Solid Waste Management Boards shall be created andestablished in each of the concerned LGUs. At the provincial level,a Provincial Solid Waste Management (SWM) Board shall beestablished with the governor as the chair. Correspondingly, forcities and municipalities, City/Municipality Solid WasteManagement (SWM) Boards is also created. Within six (6) monthsupon effectivity of this rules and regulations all LGUs aremandated to already establish their respective Boards. TheDepartment, in collaboration with DILG shall assist the LGUs infacilitating the setting up of the Boards.

Section 2. Functions of the Provincial Solid WasteManagement Board

The Provincial SWM Board shall have the following functions andresponsibilities:

a) Develop a provincial solid waste management plan fromthe submitted solid waste management plans of therespective city and municipal solid waste managementboards herein created. It shall review and integrate thesubmitted plans of all its component cities andmunicipalities and ensure that the various planscomplement each other, and have the requisite components.

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The Provincial Solid Waste Management Plan shall besubmitted to the Commission for approval

The Provincial Plan shall reflect the general program ofaction and initiatives of the provincial government inimplementing a solid waste management program thatwould support the various initiatives of its component citiesand municipalities.

b) Provide the necessary logistical and operational support toits component cities and municipalities in consonance withsubsection (f) of Section 17 of the Local Government Code.

c) Recommend measures and safeguards against pollution andfor the preservation of the natural ecosystem.

d) Recommend measures to generate resources, funding andimplementation of projects and activities as specified in theduly approved solid waste management plans.

e) Identify areas within its jurisdiction, which have commonsolid waste management problems and are appropriate unitsfor planning local solid waste management services inaccordance with Section 41 hereof.

f) Coordinate the efforts of the component cities andmunicipalities in the implementation of the Provincial SolidWaste Management Plan.

g) Development of an appropriate incentive scheme as anintegral component of the Provincial Solid WasteManagement Plan.

h) Convene joint meetings of the provincial, city andmunicipal solid waste management boards at least everyquarter for purposes of integrating, synchronizing,monitoring and evaluating the development and

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implementation of its provincial solid waste managementplan.

i) Represent any of its component city or municipality incoordinating its resource and operational requirements withagencies of the national government.

j) Oversee the implementation of the Provincial Solid WasteManagement Plan.

k) Review every two (2) years or as the need arises, theProvincial Solid Waste Management Plan for purposes ofensuring its sustainability, viability, effectiveness andrelevance in relation to local and internationaldevelopments in the field of solid waste management.

l) Allow for the clustering of LGUs for the solution ofcommon solid waste management problems.

Section 3. Membership in the Provincial SWM Board

The Provincial SWM Board is to be chaired by the governor andcomprised by the following as members:

a) All the mayors of its component cities and municipalities;b) One (1) representative from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan

to be represented by the chairperson of either theCommittees on Environment or Health or their equivalentcommittees, to be nominated by the presiding officer;

c) The provincial health and/or general services officers,whichever may be recommended by the governor;

d) The provincial environment and natural resources officer;e) The provincial engineer;f) Congressional representative(s) from each congressional

district within the province;g) A representative from the NGO sector whose principal

purpose is to promote recycling and the protection of airand water quality;

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h) A representative from the recycling industry;i) A representative from the manufacturing or packaging

industry; andj) A representative of each concerned government agency

possessing relevant technical and marketing expertise asmay be determined by the Board.

The Provincial SWM Board may, from time to time, call on anyother concerned agencies or sectors as it may deem necessary.

Representatives from the NGOs, recycling and manufacturing orpackaging industries shall be selected through a process designedby themselves and shall be endorsed by the government agencyrepresentatives of the Board.

In the case of the Province of Palawan, the Board is to be chairedby the chairman of the Palawan Council for SustainableDevelopment, pursuant to Republic Act No. 7611.

In the case of Metro Manila, the Board shall be chaired by thechairperson of the MMDA and its members shall include:

a) All mayors of its component cities and municipalities;b) A representative from the NGO sector whose principal

purpose is to promote recycling and the protection of airand water quality

c) A representative from the recycling industry; andd) A representative from the manufacturing or packaging

Section 4. Creation of a City and Municipal Solid WastesManagement Board

The City and Municipal SWM Boards shall have the followingduties and responsibilities:

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a) Develop the City or Municipal Solid Waste ManagementPlan that shall ensure the long-term management of solidwaste, as well as integrate the various solid wastemanagement plans and strategies of the barangays in itsarea of jurisdiction. In the development of the Solid WasteManagement Plan, it shall conduct consultations with thevarious sectors of the community;

b) Adopt measures to promote and ensure the viability andeffective implementation of solid waste managementprograms in its component barangays;

c) Monitor the implementation of the City or Municipal SolidWaste Management Plan through its various politicalsubdivisions and in cooperation with the private sector andthe NGOs;

d) Adopt specific revenue-generating measure to promote theviability of its Solid Waste Management Plan;

e) Convene regular meetings for purposes of planning andcoordinating the implementation of the solid wastemanagement plans of the respective component barangays;

f) Oversee the implementation of the City or Municipal SolidWaste Management Plan;

g) Review every two (2) years or as the need arises the City orMunicipal Solid Waste Management Plan for purposes ofensuring its sustainability, viability, effectiveness andrelevance in relation to local and internationaldevelopments in the field of solid waste management;

h) Develop the specific mechanics and guidelines for theimplementation of the City or Municipal Solid WasteManagement Plan;

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i) Recommend to appropriate local government authoritiesspecific measure or proposals for franchise or build-operate-transfer agreements with duly recognizedinstitutions, pursuant to RA 6967, to provide eitherexclusive or non-exclusive authority for the collection,transfer, storage, processing, recycling or disposal ofmunicipal solid waste. The proposals shall take intoconsideration appropriate government rules and regulationson contracts, franchises and build-operate-transferagreements.

j) Provide the necessary logistical and operational support toits component cities and municipalities in consonance withsubsection (f) of Section 17 of the Local GovernmentCode;

k) Recommend measures and safeguards against pollution andfor the preservation of the natural ecosystem; and

l) Coordinated the efforts of its component barangays in theimplementation of the city or municipal Solid WasteManagement Plan.

The Bureau shall provide advisory technical assistance in settingup of the local solid waste management boards. The Commissionshall provide the policy directions for the Local Solid WasteManagement Boards pursuant to Section 8 of these Rules andRegulations.

It shall be the duty of the LSWMBs and municipalities, to assistbarangays in their solid waste management, where the barangaycannot financially or adequately manage all waste segregation,sorting, recovery, recycling and composting, conducted at theMRF.

LGUs may assist the barangay either financially, technically or inany other manner deemed necessary in order to achieve the wastediversion goal of section 20 of the Act. Provided that within 45

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days of the effectivity of the IRRs, the Liga Ng Mga Barangayshall assess and thereby determine, those barangays requiringassistance from their respective LGUs. The LNB shallsubsequently inform the respective LSWMBs of its findings.

Section 5. Membership of the City and Municipal SWMBoard

The City and Municipals SWM Board shall be composed of thecity or municipal mayor as chair with the following as members:

a) One (1) representative of the Sangguniang Panlungsod orthe Sangguniang Bayan, preferably chairpersons of eitherthe Committees on Environment or Health, who will bedesignated by the presiding officer;

b) President of the Association of Barangay Councils in themunicipality or city;

c) Chairperson of the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation;d) A representative from NGOs whose principal purpose is to

promote recycling and the protection of air and waterquality;

e) A representative from the recycling industry;f) A representative from the manufacturing or packaging

industry; andg) A representative of each concerned government agency

The City or Municipal Solid Waste Management Board may, fromtime to time, call on any concerned agencies or sectors as it maydeem necessary.

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Section 6. Creation of a Barangay Solid WasteManagement Committee

The Barangay SWM Board shall have the following functions andresponsibilities:

a) Formulate solid waste management program consistentwith city municipality plan

b) Segregation and collection of biodegradable, compostable,reusable wastes

c) Establish materials recovery facilityd) Allocate barangay funds; look for sources of fundse) Organize core coordinatorsf) Submit monthly report to city or municipality

Section 7. Membership of the Barangay Solid WasteManagement Committee

The Barangay SWM Board shall be composed of the barangaycaptain as chair with the following as members:

a) One (1) Kagawadb) SK chairc) Presidents of Home Owners Associationd) Public/private school principals or representativee) One (1) Parents and Teachers Association president or

representativef) One (1) Religious organization representativeg) One (1) Bus community representativeh) One (1) environmental NGO representativei) President of Market Vendors Association; One (1)

representative from junkshop owners’ association

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Section 8. Encouraging the Setting up of Multi-purposeEnvironmental Cooperative or Association in LGUs

Multi-purpose cooperatives and associations shall be encouragedand promoted in every LGU. The DENR and DTI, through theirappropriate bureaus, and with the involvement of the NationalEcology Center, shall provide technical assistance and advisoryguidance to any interested parties duly supported by the LGUsintending to set up the multi purpose environmental cooperativesor associations.

PART III COMPREHENSIVE SOLID WASTEMANAGEMENT SYSTEM

RULE VII. PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING POLICY FORSOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Section 1. The National Solid Waste ManagementFramework (NSWMF)

The Commission shall consider and adopt appropriate mechanismsthat will facilitate the completion of the Framework. TheFramework shall be updated every five years and integrated in theMedium Term Development Plan. The framework shall reflect,among others the following elements:

a) Assessment of SWM situation

1. Analysis and evaluation of the current state, trendsprojections of solid waste management on the national,provincial and municipal levels;

2. Identification of critical solid waste facilities and localgovernment units which will need closer monitoring and/orregulation;

3. Characteristics and conditions of collection, storage,processing, disposal, operating methods, techniques andpractices, location of facilities where such operating

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methods, techniques and practices are conducted, taking intoaccount the nature of the waste;

4. The profile of sources, including industrial, commercial,domestic and other sources.

b) Analysis of Options

1. Practical applications of environmentally sound techniquesof waste minimization such as, but not limited to, resourceconservation, segregation at source, recycling, resourcerecovery, including waste-to-energy generation, re-use andcomposting;

2. A technical and economical description of the level ofperformance that can be attained by various available solidwaste management practices which provide for theprotection of public health and the environment;

3. Methods of closing or upgrading open dumps for purposesof eliminating potential health hazards;

4. Appropriate solid waste facilities and conservation systems;5. Recycling programs for the recyclable materials, such as but

not limited to glass, paper, plastic and metal.

c) Mandatory Program of Actions

1. Waste diversion goal pursuant to Section 20 of the Act;2. Schedule for the closure and/or upgrading of open and

controlled dumps pursuant to Section 37 of the Act;

d) Public participation and IEC campaign1. Venues for public participation from all sectors at all

phases/stages of the waste management program/project;2. Information and education campaign strategies.

e) Aspects for standardization and measuring performance

1. A description of levels of performance and appropriatemethods and degrees of control that provide, at the

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minimum, for protection of public health and welfarethrough:

i) Protection of the quality of groundwater and surfacewaters from leachate and run-off contamination;

ii) Disease and epidemic prevention and control;iii) Prevention and control of offensive odor; andiv) Safety and aesthetics.

2. Minimum criteria to be used by the local government unitsto define ecological solid waste management practices. Asmuch as practicable, such guidelines shall also includeminimum information for use in deciding the adequatelocation, design and construction of facilities associatedwith solid waste management practices, including theconsideration of regional, geographic, demographic andclimatic factors; and

3. The method and procedure for the phase-out and theeventual closure of existing open dumps and/or sanitarylandfills located within an aquifer, groundwater reservoir orwatershed area.

Section 2. The Local Governme nt Solid WasteManagement Plan (LGSWMP) Formulation andProgramming

The preparation of the LGSWMP shall consider the planningcycles embodied in the relevant provisions of RA7160 and shallalso integrate other mandatory plans pursuant to the relevantprovisions of other existing rules and regulations. Under theoverall direction of the Commission, the DENR, DILG, NEDA andthe various leagues of local governments, shall develop acoordinative mechanism that will ensure that LGUs aresignificantly guided in the preparation of LGSWMP. TheCommission shall promulgate and standardize a process for LGUsto follow in having their respective LGSWMP approved.

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Section 3. Components and Elements of Local GovernmentSolid Waste Management Plans

The thrust of the LGSWMP shall be the identification ofimplementable strategies and activities that encourage the re-use,recycling and composting of wastes generated in their respectivejurisdictions with specific schedules and timetables, targets andmeasurable indicators of achievements. Subject to the guidelinesthat will be subsequently issued by the Commission, thepreparation of the Local Solid Waste Management Plans shallreflect, among others, the components enumerated under Section17 of the Act which is enumerated below. The Commission,through the Secretariat and the DILG shall develop a coordinativemechanism that will assist the appropriate units/offices of LGUstasked to develop their respective solid waste management plans.

a) Background Information

1. City or Municipal Profile – The plan shall indicate thefollowing background information on the city ormunicipality and its component barangays, coveringimportant highlights of the distinct geographic and otherconditions:

i) Estimated population of each barangay within the cityor municipality and population projection for a 10-yearperiod;

ii) Illustration or map of the city/municipality, indicatinglocations of residential, commercial, and industrialcenters, and agricultural area, as well as dump sites,landfills and other solid waste facilities. The illustrationshall indicate as well, the proposed sites for disposaland other solid waste facilities;

iii) Estimated solid waste generation and projection bysource, such as residential, market, commercial,industrial, construction/demolition, street waste,

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agricultural, agro-industrial, institutional, other wastes;and

iv) Inventory of existing waste disposal and other solidwaste facilities and capacities; including an inventoryof existing equipment used for collection and thenumber of people involved in solid waste management,in order that the budget required to implement plansand cost estimations, be calculated.

b) Waste Characterization

For the initial source reduction and recycling element of a localwaste management plan, the LGU waste characterizationcomponent shall identify the constituent materials whichcomprise the solid waste generated within the jurisdiction ofthe LGU. The information shall be representative of the solidwaste generated and disposed of within that area. Theconstituent materials shall be identified by volume, percentagein weight or its volumetric equivalent, material type, andsource of generation, which includes residential, commercial,industrial governmental, or other sources. Future revisions ofwaste characterization studies shall identify the constituentmaterials, which comprise the solid waste, disposed of atpermitted disposal facilities. Appendix A sets the general guidein the conduct of waste characterization.

c) Source Reduction

The source reduction component shall include a program andimplementation schedule which shows the methods by whichthe LGU will, in combination with the recycling andcomposting components, reduce a sufficient amount of solidwaste disposed of in accordance with the diversionrequirements of Section 20 of the Act.

The source reduction component shall describe the following:

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1. strategies in reducing the volume of solid waste generatedat source;

2. measures for implementing such strategies and theresources necessary to carry out such activities;

3. other appropriate waste reduction technologies that mayalso be considered, provided that such technologiesconform with the standards set pursuant to this Act;

4. the types of wastes to be reduced pursuant to Section 15 ofthis Act;

5. the methods that the LGU will use to determine thecategories of solid wastes to be diverted from disposal at adisposal facility through re-use, recycling and composting;and

6. new facilities and of expansion of existing facilities whichwill be needed to implement re-use, recycling andcomposting.

The LGU source reduction component shall include theevaluation and identification of rate structures and fees for thepurpose of reducing the amount of waste generated, and othersource reduction strategies, including but not limited to,programs and economic incentives provided under Section 45of the Act to reduce and use of non-recyclable materials,replace disposable materials and products with reusablematerials and products, reduce packaging, and increase theefficiency of the use of paper, cardboard, glass, metal, andother materials. The waste reduction activities of thecommunity shall also take into account, among others, localcapability, economic viability, technical requirements, socialconcerns, disposition of residual waste and environmentalimpact. Projection of future facilities needed and estimated costshall be also incorporated in the plan.

d) Recycling

The recycling component shall include a program andimplementation schedule which shows the methods by whichthe LGU shall, in combination with the source reduction and

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composting components, reduce a sufficient amount of solidwaste disposed of in accordance with the diversionrequirements set in Section 20 of the Act and Section 7 RuleVII of these IRR.

The LGU recycling component shall describe the following:

1. The types of materials to be recycled under the programs;2. The methods for determining the categories of solid wastes

to be diverted from disposal at a disposal facility throughrecycling; and

3. New facilities and expansion of existing facilities needed toimplement the recycling component.

The LGU recycling component shall describe methods fordeveloping the markets for recycled materials, including, butnot limited to, an evaluation of the feasibility of procurementpreferences for the purchase of recycled products. Each LGUmay determine and grant a price preference to encourage thepurchase of recycled products.

The five-year strategy for collecting, processing, marketing andselling the designated recyclable materials shall take intoaccount persons engaged in the business of recycling orpersons otherwise providing recycling services before theeffectivity of the Act. Such strategy may be based upon theresults of the waste composition analysis performed pursuant tothis Section or information obtained in the course of pastcollection of solid waste by the local government unit, and mayinclude recommendations with respect to increasing thenumber of materials designated for recycling pursuant to theAct.

The LGU recycling component shall evaluate industrial,commercial, residential, agricultural, governmental, and othercurbside, mobile, drop-off, and buy-back recycling programs,manual and automated materials recovery facilities, zoning,building code changes and rate structures which encourage

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recycling of materials. The Solid Waste Management Planshall indicate the specific measures to be undertaken to meetthe waste diversion specified under Section 20 of the Act andSection 7 Rule VII of these IRR.

Recommended revisions to the building ordinances, requiringnewly-constructed buildings and buildings undergoingspecified alterations to contain storage space, devices ormechanisms that facilitate source separation and storage ofdesignated recyclable materials to enable the local governmentunit to efficiently collect, process, market and sell thedesignated materials. Such recommendations shall include, butshall not be limited to separate chutes to facilitate sourceseparation in multi-family dwellings, storage areas thatconform to fire and safety code regulations, and specializedstorage containers.

The Solid Waste Management Plan shall indicate the specificmeasures to be undertaken to meet the recycling goals pursuantto the objectives of the Act.

e) Composting

The composting component shall include a program andimplementation schedule which shows the methods by whichthe LGU shall, in combination with the source reduction andrecycling components, reduce a sufficient amount of solidwaste disposed of within its jurisdiction to comply with thediversion requirements of Section 20 of the Act and Section 7Rule VII of these IRR.

The LGU composting components shall describe the following:

1. The types of materials which will be composted under theprograms;

2. The methods for determining the categories of solid wastesto be diverted from disposal at a disposal facility throughcomposting; and

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3. New facilities, and expansion of existing facilities neededto implement the composting component.

The LGU composting component shall describe methods fordeveloping the markets for composted materials, including, butnot limited to, an evaluation of the feasibility of procurementpreferences for purchase of composted products. Each LGUmay determine and grant a price preference to encourage thepurchase of composted products.

f) Collection and Transfer

The plan shall take into account the geographic subdivisions todefine the coverage of the solid waste collection area in everybarangay. The barangay shall be responsible for ensuring that a100% collection efficiency from residential, commercial,industrial and agricultural sources, where necessary within itsarea of coverage, is achieved. Toward this end, the plan shalldefine and identify the specific strategies and activities to beundertaken by its component barangays, taking into accountthe following concerns:

1. Availability and provision of properly designed containersor receptacles in selected collection points for thetemporary storage of solid waste while awaiting collectionand transfer to processing sites or to final disposal sites;

2. Segregation of different types of solid waste for re-use,recycling and composting;

3. Hauling and transfer of solid waste from source orcollection points to processing sites or final disposal sites;

4. Issuance and enforcement of ordinances to effectivelyimplement a collection system in the barangay; and

5. Provision of properly trained officers and workers to handlesolid waste disposal.

The plan shall define and specify the methods and systems forthe transfer of solid waste from specific collection points tosolid waste management facilities.

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g) Processing

The plan shall define the methods and the facilities required toprocess the solid waste, including the use of intermediatetreatment facilities for composting, recycling, conversion andother waste processing systems. Other appropriate wasteprocessing technologies may also be considered provided thatsuch technologies conform with internationally acceptable andother standards set in other laws and regulations.

h) Solid Waste Facility Capacity and Final Disposal

The solid waste facility component shall include, but shall notbe limited to, a projection of the amount of disposal capacityneeded to accommodate the solid waste generated, reduced bythe following:

1. Implementation of source reduction, recycling, andcomposting programs required in this Section or throughimplementation of other waste diversion activities;

2. Any permitted disposal facility which will be availableduring the 10-year planning period; and

3. All disposal capacity which has been secured through anagreement with another LGU, or through an agreementwith a solid waste enterprise.

The plan shall identify existing and proposed disposal sites andwaste management facilities in the city or municipality or inother areas. The plan shall specify the strategies for theefficient disposal of waste through existing disposal facilitiesand the identification of prospective sites for future use. Theselection and development of disposal sites shall be made onthe basis of internationally accepted standards and on theguidelines set in Sections 41 and 42 of the Act.

Strategies shall be included to improve said existing sites toreduce adverse impact on health and the environment, and toextend life span and capacity. The plan shall clearly define

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projections for future disposal site requirements and theestimated cost for these efforts.

Open dumpsites shall not be allowed as final disposal sites. Ifan open dumpsite is existing within the city or municipality,the plan shall make provisions for its closure or eventual phaseout within the period specified under the framework andpursuant to the provisions under Section 37 of the Act. As analternative, sanitary landfill sites shall be developed andoperated as a final disposal site for solid and, eventually,residual wastes of a municipality or city or a cluster ofmunicipalities and/or cities. Sanitary landfills shall be designedand operated in accordance with the guidelines set underSections 40 and 41 of the Act.

i) Education and Public Information

The education and public information component shalldescribe how the LGU will educate and inform its citizensabout the source reduction, recycling, and compostingprograms.

The plan shall make provisions to ensure that information onwaste collection services, solid waste management and relatedhealth and environmental concerns are widely disseminatedamong the public. This shall be undertaken through the printand broadcast media and other government agencies in themunicipality. The DECS and the Commission on HigherEducation shall ensure that waste management shall beincorporated in the curriculum of primary, secondary andcollege students.

j) Special Wastes

The special waste component shall include existing wastehandling and disposal practices for special waste or householdhazardous wastes, and the identification of current and

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proposed programs to ensure the proper handling, re-use, andlong-term disposal of special wastes.

k) Resource Requirement and Funding

The funding component includes identification and descriptionof project costs, revenues, and revenue sources the LGU willuse to implement all components of the LGU solid wastemanagement plan.

The plan shall likewise indicate specific projects, activities,equipment and technological requirements for which outsidesourcing of funds or materials may be necessary to carry outthe specific components of the plan. It shall define the specificuses for its resource requirements and indicate its costs. Theplan shall likewise indicate how the province, city ormunicipality intends to generate the funds for the acquisition ofits resource requirements. It shall also indicate if certainresource requirements are being or will be sourced from fees,grants, donations, local funding and other means. This willserve as basis for the determination and assessment ofincentives which may be extended to the province, city ormunicipality as provided for in Section 45 of the Act.

l) Privatization of Solid Waste Management Projects

The plan shall likewise indicate specific measures to promotethe participation of the private sector in the management ofsolid wastes, particularly in the generation and development ofthe essential technologies for solid waste management. Specificprojects or component activities of the plan which may beoffered as private sector investment activity shall be identifiedand promoted as such. Appropriate incentives for private sectorinvolvement in solid waste management shall likewise beestablished and provided for in the plan, in consonance withSection 45 hereof and other existing laws, policies andregulations; and

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m) Incentive Programs

A program providing for incentives, cash or other wise, whichshall encourage the participation of concerned sectors shalllikewise be included in the plan.

Section 4. Considerations of local government SWM Plansprior to the Act’s effectivity

Acknowledging that a number of LGUs have initiated efforts inpreparing their respective solid waste management plan, prior tothe effectivity of the Act, these efforts shall be recognized as workscomplying with the pertinent provisions of the Act; provided that,earlier developed plans shall be made consistent with the elementsprescribed in Section 3 under Rule VII of this rules andregulations. Said plan upon its validation and adjustments shall besubject to approval by the Commission.

Section 5. Clustering of Common Solid Waste ManagementProblems

The Department shall publish guidelines for the identification ofareas which have common solid waste management problems andare appropriate units for clustered solid waste managementservices. The guidelines shall be based on the followingconsiderations:

a) the size and location of areas which should be included;b) the volume of solid waste which would be generated;c) the available means of coordinating local government planning

between and among the LGUs and for the integration of suchwith the national plan;

d) possible lifespan of the disposal facilities; ande) common waste treatment and disposal facilities

The Commission shall recommend to concerned local governmentunits to consolidate and coordinate efforts, services and resources

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for jointly addressing solid waste management issues.Furthermore, technical guidelines, criteria for joint activities andprojects, and a set of incentive systems for LGUs opting toconsolidate efforts by jointly planning and implementing acomprehensive SWM programs for their respective areas ofjurisdictions shall be subsequently specified and regularly updatedby the Department.

Mandatory public hearings for the national framework and localgovernment solid waste management plans shall be undertaken bythe Commission and the respective Boards. Provided that, theCommission and respective Boards ensure that at least three (3)weeks notice, prior to the hearing is given to the public. Suchnotice shall include an explanation of the hearing process, location,and any other factor, either the Commission or respective Boardsconsider relevant.

The Commission shall formulate standard rules and procedures forthe conduct of public hearings. However, each hearing shall be ofa substantive nature. It shall include more than just a description ofthe National Framework and local government solid wastemanagement plans, by the Commission and respective Boards.

Every citizen shall be given the right and opportunity to commenton the Framework, and solid waste management plans, preferablyin writing.

All records of the proceedings of said hearings shall be filed withthe Commission and the respective boards; and that they shall bereadily available and accessible to the public. The Commission andrespective boards shall formulate their decision whether to adopt,reject or revise the reviewed plans on the basis of materials andinformation, provided their knowledge and experience, in additionto the materials adduced in public hearings.

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Section 7. Establishing Mandatory Solid Waste Diversion

Each LGUSWM plans shall include an implementable schedulewhich shows that within five (5) years after the effectivity of theAct, the LGU shall divert at least 25% of all solid waste fromwaste disposal facilities through re-use, recycling and compostingactivities and other resource recovery activities. The baseline forthe 25% shall be derived from the waste characterization resultswhich each LGUs are mandated to undertake. Subsequently thewaste diversion goals shall be increased every three (3) yearsthereafter. Nothing in this IRR however, prohibits a localgovernment unit from implementing re-use, recycling andcomposting activities designed to exceed the 25% goal.

RULE VIII. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECOLOGICALSOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Section 1. Overall Policy

It shall be the overall policy of the Department to strictlyimplement the provisions of the Rules and Regulations of the Act.The implementation of the ecological solid waste managementshall fundamentally take into account the management of waste inthe following hierarchy:

a) Source reduction and minimization of wastes generated atsource;

b) Resource recovery, recycling and reuse of wastes at thebarangay;

c) Efficient collection, proper transfer and transport of wastes bycity/municipality; and

d) Efficient management of residuals and of final disposal sitesand/or any other related technologies for the destruction/reuseof residuals.

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Section 2. Implementation of the Ecological Solid WasteManagement Systems

The Local Government Code, the LGUs shall be primarilyresponsible for the implementation and enforcement of theecological solid waste management systems within their respectivejurisdictions.

Waste segregation and collection shall be conducted at thebarangay level specifically for biodegradable/compostable andreusable/recyclable wastes. The collection and disposal of non-recyclable/non-recoverable materials and special wastes shall bethe responsibility of the city or municipality.

RULE IX. WASTE SEGREGATION AT SOURCE

Section 1. Waste Segregation and Volume Reduction atSource

Volume reduction at the source shall be the first priority of theecological SWM system. All LGUs shall actively promote amongits constituencies the reduction and minimization of wastesgenerated at source; responsibility for sorting and segregation ofbiodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes shall be at thehousehold level and all other sources.

Section 2. Minimum Requirements for Segregation andVolume Reduction

The following shall be the minimum requirements for segregationand storage of solid waste pending collection:

a) There shall be a separate container for each type of waste fromall sources. For bulky waste, it will suffice that the same becollected and placed in a separate container and in designatedareas;

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b) The solid waste container depending on its use shall beproperly marked or identified for on-site collection as“compostable,” “recyclable” or “special waste,” or any otherclassification as may be determined by the Commission; and

c) For premises containing six (6) or more residential units, theLGUs shall promulgate ordinances and regulations requiringthe owner or person in charge of such premises to:

1. Provide for the residents a designated area and containersin which to accumulate source separated recyclablematerials to be collected by the barangay or privatecollector; and

2. Notify the occupants of such buildings of the requirementsof the Act and the regulations promulgated pursuantthereto.

d) For all commercial, institutional and industrial establishments,the LGUs shall promulgate ordinances requiring the owner orhead of the institutions to:

1. Provide a designated area and containers in which toaccumulate source separated recyclable materials to becollected by the barangay or private collector;

2. Notify all workers, employees, and entities working in thepremises of the requirements of the Act and the regulationspromulgated pursuant thereto; and

3. No scavenging or unauthorized collection in designatedsegregation containers or areas shall be allowed.

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RULE X. COLLECTION, TRANSPORT AND HANDLING OFSOLID WASTES

Section 1. Minimum standards for the collection, transportand handling of Solid Wastes

The following shall be the minimum standards and requirementsfor the collection, transport and handling of solid waste:

a) All collectors and other personnel directly dealing withcollection of solid waste shall be equipped with personalprotective equipment and paraphernalia such as, but not limitedto gloves, masks and safety boots, to protect them from thehazards of handling solid wastes.

b) The City or Municipal Health Officer shall provide necessarytraining to the collectors and personnel to ensure that the solidwastes are handled properly in accordance with the guidelinespursuant to the Act. The Commission through the NationalEcology Center, in coordination with the DOH shall developtraining guidelines.

c) Collection of solid waste shall be done in a manner thatprevents damage to the container and spillage or scattering ofsolid waste within the collection vicinity.

d) The equipment used in the collection and transportation ofsolid waste (or materials which have been separated for thepurpose of recycling) shall be constructed, operated andmaintained in such a manner as to minimize health and safetyhazards to solid waste management personnel and the public.

e) Equipment shall be maintained in good condition and keptclean to prevent the propagation or attraction of vectors and thecreation of nuisances.

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f) The use of separate collection schedules and/or separate trucksor haulers shall be required for specific types of wastes.Otherwise, vehicles used for the collection and transport ofsolid wastes shall have the appropriate compartments tofacilitate efficient storing of sorted wastes while in transit. Thewaste compartment shall have a cover to ensure thecontainment of solid wastes while in transit.

g) Vehicles shall be designed to consider road size, condition andcapacity to ensure the safe and efficient collection andtransport of solid wastes.

h) For the purpose of identification, vehicles shall bear the bodynumber, the name, and telephone number of thecontractor/agency collecting solid waste.

Section 2. Minimum Requirements for Establishing andOperating Transfer Stations

Transfer stations shall be designed and operated for efficient wastehandling capacity and in compliance with environmental standardsand guidelines set pursuant to the Act, these IRRs and otherregulations. In addition the design and operation of transferstations shall conform to the following standards and criteria:

a) Leachate and Drainage Control – Facilities shall be designedsuch that waste shall not come into contact with run-off and toprevent the generation of leachate.

b) Provisions for vector, odor, litter and dust control shall beincluded.

c) The siting of the transfer station shall consider the land useplan, proximity of collection area, and accessibility of haulroutes to disposal facility. The design shall give primaryconsideration to size and space sufficiency in order to

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accommodate the storage of waste, and vehicles for the loadingand unloading of wastes.

d) The following records shall be kept and maintained, suchrecords shall be submitted to the Department upon request:

1. Record of daily weights or volumes of waste received andtransferred accurate to within ten percent (10%) andadequate for overall planning purposes and tracking ofwaste volumes

2. Daily logbook or file of the following information shall bemaintained: fires, special occurrences, unauthorized loads,injury and property damage

e) Waste shall be removed from the transfer station withintwenty-four (24) hours of its receipt.

RULE XI. MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITIES ANDCOMPOSTING

Section 1. Operations of a Materials Recovery Facility

Barangays shall be responsible for the collection, segregation,recycling of biodegradable, recyclable, compostable and reusablewastes. MRFs will be established in every barangay or cluster ofbarangays.

The facility shall be established in a barangay-owned or leasedland or any suitable open space to be determined by the barangaythrough its Sanggunian. For this purpose, the barangay or clusterof barangays shall allocate a certain parcel of land for the MRF.The determination of site and actual establishment of the facilityshall likewise be subject.

The MRF shall receive biodegradable wastes for composting andmixed non-biodegradable wastes for final segregation, re-use and

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recycling. Provided, that each type of mixed waste is collectedfrom the source and transported to the MRF in separate containers.

The resulting residual wastes shall then be transferred to a long-term storage or disposal facility or sanitary landfill.

Materials recovery facilities shall be designed to receive, sort,process and store compostable and recyclable material efficientlyand in an environmentally sound manner. The facility shalladdress the following considerations:

a) The building and/or land layout and equipment must bedesigned to accommodate efficient and safe materialsprocessing, movement and storage;

b) The building must be designed to allow efficient and safeexternal access and to accommodate internal flow;

c) If the MRF includes a composting operation, it shall complywith the provisions of Section 2 and of Rule XI of this IRRapplicable to composting and composts;

1) Record of daily weights or volumes of waste received,processed and removed from site accurate to within tenpercent (10%) and adequate for overall planning purposesand tracking of success of waste diversion goals; and

2) Daily logbook or file of the following information shall bemaintained: fire, special occurrences, unauthorized loads,injury and property damage

Section 2. Guidelines for Compost Quality

Organic fertilizers derived from compost and intended to bedistributed commercially shall conform with the standards fororganic fertilizers set by the Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority ofthe Department of Agriculture. Compost products intended for

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commercial or non-commercial distribution shall be free fromhazardous/toxic constituent above permissible levels, and shall betested for such constituents using the Toxicity CharacteristicLeaching Procedure (TCLP) test method developed by the UnitedStates Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA).

Section 3. Inventory of Markets for Composts

Within six (6) months after the effectivity of this Act, the DA shallpublish an inventory of existing markets and demands forcomposts. Said inventory shall thereafter be updated andpublished annually: Provided that composting of agriculturalwastes, and other compostable materials, including but not limitedto garden wastes, shall be encouraged.

Section 4. Minimum Requisites for Operating CompostingFacilities

Composting facilities shall conform to the following siting, designand operating standards and criteria:

a) The Facility shall not be sited in areas subject to frequentflooding, unless engineering controls are provided in the designto prevent inundation of the facility.

b) Leachate and Drainage Control

1. Facilities shall be designed such that compost piles,windrows, residues and processed material will not come incontact with surface storm run-off.

2. Where excess leachate storage is provided, discharge ofleachate into any body of water is prohibited unless suchdischarge meets the limits prescribed by the DENRstandards for effluents. Where leachate needs to be stored,it shall comply with the provisions of Section 1(k) of RuleXIV of this IRR. Provisions shall be made such that

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leachate is re-circulated back into compost piles orwindrows as much as possible.

c) Provisions for vector, odor, litter and dust control shall beincluded

d) Records keeping shall be maintained at all times in accordancewith Section 2(b) of Rule XIV of this IRR.

e) Residues shall be managed as solid waste and shall be disposedof as such.

f) Temperatures of compost piles, curing piles and processedcomposts shall be maintained in safe levels to preventspontaneous combustion.

g) Aerobic conditions shall be maintained to prevent creation ofdangerous gases such as methane.

Provided that, individual household backyard composting shall beexempted from the provisions of Section.

All technical reports, technical documents, plans and specificationspertaining to the engineering of the facility and other wastemanagement facilities shall be certified based on EMBrequirements.

RULE XII. IMPLEMENTING A RECYCLING PROGRAM

Section 1. Formulating a Recycling Program (Eco-labeling,Reclamation, Buy Back Mechanism)

The DTI shall, in cooperation with the Department, DILG/LGUs,sectors practicing recycling and other concerned agencies, shallundertake a study of existing markets for processing andpurchasing recyclable materials, and the potential steps necessaryto expand these markets.

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When developing the market for recycled goods, an investigationof markets should be made for each recyclable material, as definedin the Act, by the Commission, DTI, DOF and the NEC, andshould include at a minimum:

a) identifying potential purchasers of the recovered materialthrough standard market research techniques;

b) directly contacting buyers and determining the buyers qualityspecifications, potential transportation agreements and anyminimum quantity criteria.

All information from the investigation of markets, including a listof prospective buyers of recycled products, and a list ofprocedures, standards and strategies to market recyclable materialsand develop local markets, shall be easily accessible by the public,through the solid waste management information database,formulated by the National Ecology Center.

Section 2. Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

The Commission, DTI, DOF, NPS and the NEC, shall encouragenational and local governments to purchase environmentallypreferable products and services.

All government personnel shall seek to reduce the environmentaldamages associated with their purchases by increasing theiracquisition of environmentally preferable products and services tothe extent feasible, consistent with price, performance, availabilityand safety considerations.Responsibility for environmentally preferable purchasing shall beshared among the program, acquisition and procurement personnelof government agencies.

The principles of pollution prevention, life cycleperspective/multiple environmental attributes, comparison ofenvironmental impacts – recovery time and geographic scale,differences among competing products’ environmental

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performance and human health shall all be considered inenvironmentally preferable purchasing.

Section 3. Specifications, Product Descriptions andStandards

It shall be the responsibility of the DTI to conduct a study intoproduct standards for recyclable and recycled materials. Such astudy shall consider and include, through not be limited to anyexisting standards on recycled and recyclable products and existinginternational practices. In the formulation of such a study, DTIshall consult with affected industries and other concerned agencies;provided that, the results of such a study and any subsequentguidelines or standards formulated, shall be easily accessible to thepublic through the NEC database.

Section 4. Eco-labeling

The Department of Trade and Industry – Bureau of ProductStandards (DTI-BPS) shall formulate and implement a codingsystem for packaging materials and products to facilitate wasterecycling and re-use. The coding system shall initially be based onISO 14020 series standards, particularly, ISO standard 14024,“Environmental Labeling – Practitioner Programs – GuidingPrinciples, Practices and Certification Procedures of MultipleCriteria (type 1) Programs’, with criteria to be determined on thebasis of life cycle assessment of the product group.

The criteria shall be regularly reviewed to ensure theirappropriateness and currency in light of scientific and technicalprogress, and of the experience gained in this area, and to ensureconsistency with relevant, internationally recognized standards.

DTI shall clarify the principles for establishing the effectivity levelof the eco-label, in order to facilitate consistent and effectiveimplementation of the scheme.

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The eco-label shall include simple, accurate, non-deceptive andscientifically based information on the key environmental aspectswhich are considered in the award of the label in order to enableconsumers to make informed choices. Provided DTI shall makerelevant information about the attributes of the products availableto purchasers, and that information on the process andmethodologies used in the eco-labeling process, shall be availableto all interested parties.

Section 5. Non-Environmentally Acceptable Products

The Commission should decide which products or packaging arenon-environmentally acceptable. Provided, that this criteria isregularly reviewed to ensure its appropriateness and currency, inlight of scientific and technical progress, and of the experiencegained in this area.

Prohibiting non-environmentally acceptable products, any decisionto prohibit certain packaging types and products must be supportedby available scientific, environmental, technical and economicinformation and technical studies through, but not limited to lifecycle assessment and economic analysis. Provided that theCommission consults representatives from affected industries andsubject to public notice and hearing.

Further, in making such decisions, the Commission shall makeevery effort to reach agreement by consensus. If all efforts atconsensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, suchdecisions shall, as a last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majorityvote of the Commission.

Based on the assessments made, the Commission may decide:

a) which products should be added to or removed from the list ofnon-environmentally acceptable products;

b) the mechanism, scope and timing of the control measures thatshould apply to those products;

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c) possible alternatives to controlled products as defined in RA6969;

d) costs and benefits of relevant control strategies; ande) the specific measures to be undertaken to comply with Section

29 of the Act.

The list on non-environmentally acceptable products shall be madeavailable to the public through the solid waste managementinformation database.

Prior to each annual revision and update of the list of non-environmentally acceptable products, the Commission shall seekinformation from the appropriate experts qualified in the fieldsmentioned and in any other field deemed necessary to the revision.Notice of the updated list will also be given to the public andaffected industries and at least 60 days shall be allocated forcomment of the public and affected industries. Any writtencomments may be submitted to the Commission.

Provided, the list of non-environmentally acceptable products andthe schedule for their phase-out, shall be included in the solidwaste management information database, formulated by theNational Ecology Center.

Section 6. Reclamation Programs and Buy-back Centers

The NEC shall assist LGUs in establishing and implementingdeposit or reclamation programs in coordination withmanufacturers, recyclers and generators to provide separatecollection systems or convenient drop-off locations for recyclablematerials and particularly for separated toxic components of thewaste stream like dry cell batteries and tires to ensure that they arenot incinerated or disposed of in landfill.

In assisting LGUs in the establishment of buyback centers andreclamation programs, the NEC shall conduct a detailed study onfeasible reclamation programs and buyback centers. The NECshall also assist in implementing such programs and centers, by

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cooperating with respective LGUs in the formulation of relatedordinances.

RULE XIII OPERATIONS OF CONTROLLED DUMPSITES

Section 1. Controlling the Operation of Open Dumpsites

No open dumpsites shall be established and operated by any personor entities, including the LGUs, will be allowed. Within three (3)years following the effectivity of the Act, all open dumpsites shallbe converted to controlled dumpsites to operate only within five(5) years and beyond the said period shall consider these facilitiesas deemed closed and phased out. The Commission through theDepartment shall issue subsequent guidelines that will classifycontrolled dumpsites according to the following considerations:

a) Volume of wastes received;b) Types and character of wastes received; andc) Cost requirements for operating the facilities.

Section 2. Minimum Requirements for Operation ofControlled Dumpsites

The following minimum requirements shall be applied in siting,designing and operation of controlled dumpsites:

a) Daily cover consisting of inert materials or soil of al least 6inches in thickness shall be applied at the end of the workingday; where there is a lack of onsite soil material, otheralternative materials may be used subject to the prior writtenapproval of the enforcement authority and the Department;

b) Drainage and runoff control shall be designed and managedsuch that storm water does not come in contact with waste andthat discharge of sediments into the receiving body of water isminimized. Appropriate erosion protection shall be installed atstorm discharge outfalls;

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c) Provision for aerobic and anaerobic decomposition shall beinstituted to control odor;

d) Working areas shall be minimized and kept at no more than aratio of 1.5 square meter (sqm) or less per ton/day (tpd) ofwaste received on a daily basis, e.g. 30 sqm working area for a20 tpd facility;

e) Security fencing shall be provided to prevent illegal entries,trespassing and large animal entries. Large animals shallinclude but not limited to adult domesticated or feral animalssuch as dogs, cats, cattle, pigs, carabaos and horses. Provisionsfor litter control including the use of litter fences and dailypicking of litter shall be included;

f) Basic record keeping including volume of waste received daily,special occurrences such as fires, accidents, spills,unauthorized loads (maintain record of unauthorized andrejected loads, name and address of hauler and generator ofsuch unauthorized waste), and daily waste inspection logs;

g) Provision of maintained all-weather access roads;

h) Controlled waste picking and trading, if allowed byowner/operator, in order to facilitate daily covering andcompliance to Subsections (a) through (e) above;

i) Provision of at least 0.60 m final soil cover at closure, andpost-closure maintenance of cover, drainage and vegetation;Post-closure maintenance shall be for a period of ten (10)years;

j) Site shall not be located in flood plains and areas subject toperiodic flooding and it shall be hydro-geologically suitable,i.e., adequate separation or clearance between waste andunderlying groundwater and any surface body of water shall beprovided. Engineering controls shall be provided otherwise.

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k) Open dumpsites that do not comply with siting requirements ofthis Section shall be closed immediately. A replacementfacility shall be, at a minimum, a controlled dump and shallmeet the requirements of Rule XIII, and other applicableprovisions of the IRR

RULE XIV OPERATIONS OF SANITARY LANDFILLS

Section 1. Minimum Considerations for Siting andDesigning Sanitary Landfills

The following guidelines, standards and criteria shall be applied insiting and designing sanitary landfills:

a) The location of the facility shall be consistent with the overallland use plan of the LGU.

b) The site shall be accessible from major roadways andthoroughfares, provided that if it is not accessible, the projectdesign shall include means of access.

c) The site shall have an adequate quantity of earth cover materialthat is easily handled and compacted; as an alternative, anoffsite guaranteed source of cover material shall be identified.

d) If the site is located within two (2) kilometers of an airportrunway, it shall not pose a bird hazard to aircraft. TheOwner/Operator shall institute a bird control program so as toprevent hazards to aircraft if bird population becomessignificant due to the operation of the landfill. The site shallcomply with other requirements for safety of flying aircraft interms of height of structures, such as provisions for obstructionlights, if required.

e) Locations of public water supply intakes located within one (1)kilometer from the facility, including active public drinkingwater supply wells, shall be shown on a facility map.

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f) The facility shall not be constructed within 75 meters from aHolocene fault or known recent active fault.

g) If significant archaeological and cultural resources are presentat the site, such resources shall be protected and preserved.

h) If the site is a habitat of listed endangered species, mitigationmeasures for protection of the species as required by applicablelaws shall be included in the project proposal.

i) The site shall be chosen with regard to the sensitivities of thecommunity’s residents. The Sangguniang Bayan/Lungsod ofthe host LGU shall adopt a resolution confirming compliancewith the pertinent siting, design criteria and standards. Theresolution shall be deemed as having fully satisfied the publicsensitivity requirement of this section.

j) Except as provided by Section (m) of Rule XIV, for landfillslocated in sensitive resources areas, landfills shall be providedwith a base liner system consisting of clay and/or geosyntheticmembranes (geomembrane). If clay is used, it shall have aminimum thickness of 0.75m and permeability of 1x10-6

cm/sec or less. Geomembranes shall be at least 1.5 mm thickwith a permeability of 1x10-14 cm/sec or less; GeosyntheticClay Liners (GCL) shall have a thickness of at least 6.4 mmand a permeability of 1x10-9 cm/sec or less. If composite lineris used (clay under geo-membrane), the thickness of the clayliner may be reduced to 0.60 m. The overlying geomembraneshall have the same properties as stated above. In the design ofgeosynthetic liners, international standards (e.g. GeosyntheticResearch Institute, or applicable ASTM standards) shall beused for its design and specifications in terms of properties,manufacturing and construction quality assurance and testingprocedures.

k) Leachate collection and removal system shall be provided anddesigned such that leachate buildup in the landfill will beminimized. For design purposes, an allowable leachate level of

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not more than 0.60 meter over the liner system shall bemaintained. If leachate is discharged to a receiving body ofwater, the discharge shall meet effluent discharge and waterquality criteria prescribed by DENR.

l) Leachate storage facilities shall be designed with containmentsystems to prevent leachate from spillage and its migration intounderlying groundwater or nearby surface body of water. Forleachate impoundment ponds, the design shall include ageomembrane liner system, underlain by a low permeabilitysoil layer of at least 0.30 m thick. The geomembrane linershall be at least 1.5 mm thick with a permeability of 1x10-14

cm/sec or less; Liner specifications, CQA and engineeringcertification requirements shall be per provisions of Section 1mof Rule XIV. Adequate freeboard including allowance forrainfall volume and other safeguards shall be provided toprevent pond overflowing.

m) The site shall be located in an area where the landfill’soperation will not detrimentally affect environmentallysensitive resources such as aquifers, groundwater reservoir orwatershed area, by provision of the following specialmitigation measures and additional criteria:

1. The facility shall be a minimum 50 meters away from anyperennial stream, lake or river.

2. The site shall be evaluated for presence of geologichazards, faults, unstable soils, its foundation stability, andits hydrogeologic character. The site shall not be located ina floodplain.

3. It shall be provided with a composite base liner systemconsisting of a minimum 1.5 millimeter (mm) thick highdensity polyethylene liner (HDPE) underlain by a soil linerwith a minimum thickness to 0.60 meter (m) and maximumpermeability of 1x10-6 centimeter/second (cm/sec).

4. A Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) with a minimumthickness of 6.4 mm and permeability of 1x10-9 cm/sec orless, may be substituted for the soil liner. Likewise, the

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design of the final cap shall be equivalent to its liner systemin terms of permeability. The thickness of the final coversystem shall be at least 1.5 m including a minimum 0.60 mthick soil foundation layer, its final cap, a drainage layer,and a vegetative layer of at least 0.30 m thick. If thethickness of the equivalent final cap makes the entire coversystem less than 1.5 m thick, the deficiency shall be madeup by increasing the thickness of the foundation layer.

5. Strict liner and final cap construction quality assurance(CQA) and testing shall be performed by a third partyexperienced in earthwork, clay and geosynthetic linerinstallation, quality assurance supervision, testing andinspection. The lead CQA person, as a minimumqualification or experience, must have supervised theinstallation of at least 100,0000 square meters each of clayand geosynthetic liner system; the CQA person or firmshall submit a construction completion report within 60days of liner or final cap construction completion to theDepartment, certifying that construction of each linersystem was performed and completed in accordance withits plans and specifications. The CQA report shall becertified by a registered Civil or Geotechnical Engineer orother registered Engineer, provided that the certifyingEngineer shall have at least designed or supervised theinstallation of soil and geosynthetic liners of quantitiessimilar to those of the lead CQA person.

n) The design of the landfill shall be statistically stable and shallbe able to withstand the effects of a ground accelerationgenerated by an earthquake of 100-year or more recurrenceinterval.

o) A separation of at least two (2.0) meters shall be maintainedbetween the top of the liner system and underlyinggroundwater.

p) A temporary impoundment for drainage runoff shall beprovided with a detention time sufficient for sediment removaland/or reduction, prior to its discharge.

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q) The site shall be large enough to accommodate thecommunity’s waste for a period of five (5) years or moreduring which people must internalize the value ofenvironmentally sound and sustainable waste disposal.

r) The site chosen shall facilitate developing a landfill that willsatisfy budgetary constraints, including site development,operation for many years, closure and post-closure care andpossible remediation costs.

s) Operating plans shall include provisions for coordinating withrecycling and resource recovery projects.

t) Designation of a separate containment area for householdhazardous wastes.

u) A gas control system shall be provided when the volume ofwaste in the landfill has reached 0.5 million metric tons. Theowner/operator shall consider recovery and conversion ofmethane gas into usable energy if economically viable. Priorto installation of gas control facilities, perimeter boundary gasmonitoring shall be performed in accordance with Section 2(b)of Rule XIV.

v) Groundwater monitoring wells shall be placed at appropriatelocations and depth for taking water samples that arerepresentative of groundwater quality and for predictinggroundwater flow.

w) Cover shall consist of a daily soil cover at least 6 inches inthickness applied at the end of each workday. AlternativeDaily Cover (ADC), maybe used provided that theowner/operator can demonstrate to the Department in writing,the equivalency of the proposed ADC in controllinginfiltration, vector, odor and litter based on technical researchor studies. In areas within the landfill that will not be used forat least 180 days, an additional interim soil cover of 6 inchesthick shall be placed over the existing daily cover. The final

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cover shall consist of, from bottom to top, the foundation layer(consisting of 0.60m thick soil layer including interim cover), afinal cap with an equivalent permeability as that of its linersystem. A drainage layer and a vegetative layer. Installation offinal cover shall be completed within sic (6) months from thelast receipt of waste.

x) Closure of the landfill shall be completed within one year ofcessation of landfill operation.

y) Post-closure care shall be for a period of fifteen (15) years.DENR shall establish post-closure guidelines and requirementsfor financial assurance mechanisms within one year.

z) Small facility exemption from specific standards of thisSection. The DENR will establish criteria for exemptionwithin one (1) year from approval of the IRR.

aa) All technical reports, technical documents, plans andspecifications pertaining to the engineering of the facility shallbe certified and sealed by a licensed Engineer with relevantexperience and expertise.

Section 2. Minimum Considerations for Operating SanitaryLandfills

In the operation of sanitary landfills, each site operator shallmaintain the following minimum operating requirements:

a) Disposal site records of, but not limited to:

1. Records of weights or volumes accepted in a form andmanner approved by the Department. Such records shall besubmitted to the Department upon request, accurate towithin ten percent (10%) and adequate for overall planningpurposes and forecasting the rate of site filling;

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2. Records of excavations which may affect the safe andproper operation of the site or cause damage to adjoiningproperties;

3. Daily logbook or file of the following information: fire,landslides, earthquake damage, unusual and suddensettlement, injury and property damage, accidents,explosions, receipt or rejection of non-permitted wastes,flooding and other unusual occurrences;

4. Record of personnel training; and5. Copy of written notification to the Department, local health

agency, and fire authority of names, addresses andtelephone numbers of the operator or responsible party ofthe site.

b) Water quality monitoring of surface and ground waters andeffluent, and gas emissions shall be performed in frequenciesprescribed by the Department on a project by project basis;Parameters for groundwater, effluent and surface waters shallbe as prescribed by the Department in the facility’s permit. Forlandfills sited under Section 1m of Rule XIV of this IRR,groundwater, perimeter gas monitoring and receiving surfacewater monitoring shall be on a quarterly basis and treatedleachate effluent discharge shall be monitored for pH, 5-dayBiochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and Total SuspendedSolids (TSS) concentrations on a weekly basis or whendischarged if discharge is not on a daily basis, and shall notexceed limits prescribed by the Department according to theclassification of the receiving body of water. Other parametersto be monitored and their respective frequencies shall be inaccordance with the facility’s permit. Owners/Operators ofSection 1m of Rule XIV facilities shall submit monitoring andinspection reports on a quarterly basis to the designatedenforcement authority with a copy furnished to the Departmentand other relevant agencies. The report shall be certified as toits correctness and accuracy by the owner/operator or hisdesignated (in writing) representative. For other facilities,reporting frequencies shall be specified by the Department but

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in no case will it be more frequent than quarterly basis unlessthe facility is in a state of verification/assessment monitoring.

c) Groundwater Sampling Protocol – The DENR shall establishrequirements and guidelines within one year from approval ofthis IRR.

d) Background Groundwater Quality Monitoring Statistical DataEvaluation and Establishment of Concentration Limits forContaminant Indicators – The DENR shall establishrequirements and guidelines within one year from approval ofIRR.

e) Detection Groundwater Monitoring Data Statistical Analysis,Verification Monitoring – The DENR shall establishrequirements and guidelines within one year from approval ofIRR.

f) Assessment Monitoring and Corrective Action – The DENRshall establish requirements and guidelines within one yearfrom approval of IRR.

g) Documentation of approvals, all reports, certification, plansand specifications, as built drawings, determinations and otherrequirements by the Department and other pertinent andrelevant documents shall be kept in the facility’s operatingrecord.

1. Each point of access from a public road shall be postedwith an easily visible sign indicating the facility name andother pertinent information as required by the Department;

2. If the site is open to the public, there shall be an easilyvisible sign at the primary entrance of the site indicating thename of the site operator, the operator’s telephone numberand hours of operation; and easily visible sign at anappropriate point shall indicate the schedule of charges and

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the general types of materials which will be accepted ornot;

3. If the site is open to the public, there shall be an easilyvisible road sign and/or traffic control measures whichdirect traffic to the active face and other areas where wastesor recyclable materials will be deposited; and

4. Additional signs and/or measures may be required at adisposal site by the Department to protect personnel andpublic health and safety.

i) The site shall be designed to discourage unauthorized access bypersons and vehicles by using a perimeter barrier ortopographic constraints. Areas within the site where openstorage or ponding of hazardous materials occurs shall beseparately fenced or otherwise secured as determined by theDepartment. The Department may also require that other areasof the site to be fenced to create an appropriate level ofsecurity.

j) Roads within the permitted facility boundary shall be designedto minimize the generation of dust and the tracking of materialsonto adjacent public roads. Such roads shall be kept in safecondition and maintained such that vehicle access andunloading can be conducted during inclement weather.

k) Sanitary facilities consisting of adequate number of toilets andhandwashing facilities shall be available to personnel at or inthe immediate vicinity of the site.

l) Safe and adequate drinking water supply for the site personnelshall be available.

m) The site shall have communication facilities available to sitepersonnel to allow quick response to emergencies.

n) Where operations are conducted during hours of darkness, thesite and/or equipment shall be equipped with adequate lighting

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as approved by the Department to ensure safety and to monitorthe effectiveness of operations.

o) Operating and maintenance personnel shall wear and useappropriate safety equipment as required by the Department.

p) Personnel assigned to operate the site shall be adequatelytrained in subject pertinent to the site operation andmaintenance, hazardous materials recognition and screeningand heavy equipment operations, with emphasis on safety,health, environmental controls and emergency procedures. Arecord of such training shall be placed in the operating record.

q) The site operator shall provide adequate supervision of asufficient number of qualified personnel to ensure properoperation of the site in compliance with all applicable laws,regulations, permit conditions and other requirements. Theoperator shall notify the Department and local health agency inwriting of the names, addresses, and telephone number of theoperator or responsible party. A copy of the writtennotification shall be placed in the operating record.

r) Any disposal site open to the public shall have an attendantpresent during public operating hours or the site shall beinspected by the operator on a regularly scheduled basis, asdetermined by the Department.

s) Unloading of solid wastes shall be confined to a small area aspossible to accommodate the number of vehicles using the areawithout resulting in traffic, personnel, or public safety hazards.Waste materials shall normally be deposited at the toe of thefill, or as otherwise approved by the Department. For practicalpurposes, a working area shall be limited to 1.5 square meter orless per ton/day (tpd) of waste received on a daily basis, e.g. 30sqm working area for a 20 tpd facility.

t) Solid waste shall be spread and compacted in layers withrepeated passages of the landfill equipment to minimize voids

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within the cell and maximize compaction. The loose layershall not exceed a depth approximately 0.60 m or two feetbefore compaction. Spreading and compacting shall beaccomplished as rapidly as practicable, unless otherwiseapproved by the Department.

u) Covered surfaces of the disposal area shall be graded topromote lateral runoff of precipitation and to prevent ponding.Grades shall be established of sufficient slopes to accost forfuture settlement of the fill surface. Other effectivemaintenance methods may be allowed by the Department.

v) Cover material or native material unsuitable for cover,stockpiled on the site for use or removal, shall be placed so asnot to cause problems or interfere with unloading, spreading,compacting, access, safety, drainage or other operations.

PART IV SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTFINANCING, INCENTIVES AND COST RECOVERY

RULE XV. FINANCING OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTINITIATIVES

Section 1. National Solid Waste Management Fund

There is hereby established a National Solid Waste ManagementFund (SWMF), also known as the Fund which shall be a specialaccount in the National Treasury, and administered by theCommission. The fund shall be a catalytic fund which shallinitiate bigger and wider SWM engagements in the future. LGUsmay avail of the Fund and accordingly, the Commission shalldevelop the scheme or guidelines for the Fund administration.Reporting on the status of such Fund shall be transparent and shallbe annually published by the Commission in collaboration with theCommission on Audit, four (4) months after the end of each fiscalyear.

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Section 2. Sources and Use of the National SWM Fund

The Fund shall be sourced from the following:

a) Donations, endowments, grants and contributions fromdomestic and foreign sources.

b) Amounts specifically appropriated for the Fund under theannual General Appropriations Act.

c) Fines collected under Sec. 49 of the Act shall be allocatedbased on a sharing scheme between the Fund and the LGUconcerned which shall be formulated by the Commission.

The Fund shall be used to support endeavors, which enhance theimplementation of the Act. These shall include activities on thefollowing:

a) Products, facilities, technologies and processes to enhanceproper solid waste management

b) Awardsc) Incentivesd) Research programse) Information, education, communication and monitoring

activitiesf) Technical assistanceg) Capability building activities

Section 3. Criteria for Availing the National SWM Fund

Subject to the availability of funds, the Fund may be madeavailable to the SWM project/activities of LGUs on the basis of aset of criteria formulated through a consultative process, dulypublished and copied to all LGUs. Such criteria shall be reviewedand updated as necessary. Henceforth, the criteria for availment ofthe Fund shall include but not be limited to the list as follows:

a) The SWM Plan of the proponent LGU from which theproject/activity was designed has been duly approved by theCommission.

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b) Funding request for project/activity does not exceedPHP1,500,000; provided however, the Commission Secretariatshall review the funding level every three years. Only one (1)project/activity per LGU shall be eligible for support.

c) Project/activity types under the following categories shall beconsidered:

1. SWM projects which shall catalyze investment from theprivate sector and/or other investors

2. Innovative SWM approaches3. Prototyping SWM models

d) The LGU may avail of the SWM Fund once in every three (3)years, but not for the same project/activity

e) The LGU does not have another outside fund source for SWMtasks.

f) The LGU is committed to put in counterpart funds, thecomputation of which shall be provided by the CommissionSecretariat per LGU classification.

g) The process for Fund availment is completed.

Section 4. Process for Availing the National SWM Fund

The Commission through the Secretariat shall prescribe a simpleprocedure and proforma for fund application. The Commissionshall strive for a decentralized system of accepting, appraising andapproving of proposals. Furthermore, report proforma as well asprocedures for the handling of government fund shall be providedby the Commission. In general, the availment process shall startfrom the submission of a project/activity concept drawn from theSWM plan. Once the concept proposal is approved, the LGU shallsubmit a detailed version of the proposal for review and finaldecision by the Commission. Subject to a more detailed

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procedural guideline to be issued by the Commission the generalprocess is described in Appendix B of these IRR.

In no case shall the Fund be used for the creation of positions orpayment of salaries and wages.

Section 5. Establishment of Local SWM Fund

Barangay councils may issue council resolutions to establishordinances for the creation of a Local Solid Waste ManagementFund (also known as the Local Fund), pursuant to the relevantprovisions of RA 7160. Funds for the Local fund shall be derivedfrom the LGU collection of fines. The ordinance may vestauthority in the Local SWM Board of every LGU to administer theLocal Fund as a special account of the LGU, and to developpertinent guidelines on the management of the Local Fund.

In the case of clustered LGUs, a governing Memorandum ofAgreement of the cluster may be created in addition to ordinances,stipulating that the Local SWM Cluster Board shall administer theLocal Fund. Moreover, stipulating that the Local SWM ClusterBoard shall develop schemes to sustain the Local Fund includingresource generating ventures and placing appropriate monies asTrust.

The ordinance may stipulate that reporting on the status of theLocal Fund be transparent and that a report be issued annually, tothe Commission or other relevant authority, by the LGU incollaboration with the Commission on Audit four (4) months afterthe end of each fiscal year. The Local SWM Cluster Board mayconduct the same process of reporting. Further, the ordinance mayinclude, however, shall not be limited to the following provisions:

Section 6. Sources and Use of the Local SWM Fund

Funds that will constitute the Local SWM Fund can be sourcedfrom the following:

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b) LGU allocation of fines collected.c) Fees collected from provision of solid waste services such as

collection, recycling, and transport among others.d) Sub-contracting fees including management, transport and

others, as stipulated in the contract or Memorandum ofAgreement as in the case of private sector’s and civil society’sengagement of SWM services, respectively.

e) LGU may allocate fund from the 20% Development Fund forwaste management.

The Local Fund may be used to support endeavors, which enhancethe implementation of the Act. These may includeactivities/projects on the following:

b) Research activitiesc) Information, education, communication and monitoring

activitiesd) Capability building activities

Section 7. Criteria for Accessing the Local Fund

a) The proposed project/activity be based on the approved SWMPlan(s) of the LGU or the cluster of LGUs.

b) The level of funding request for a project/activity shall bedetermined by the Local SWM Board/Local SWM ClusterBoard. Only one (1) project per LGU, private sector or civilsociety group in a locality, respectively, shall be eligible forsupport.

c) Project/activity types under the following categories may beconsidered:

1. SWM projects which catalyze investment from the privatesector and/or other investors

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d) A proponent may avail of the Local Fund once in every three(3) years, however, not for the same project/activity. Privatesector and civil society groups shall be accredited by the LocalSWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board, and the process shallbe defined by the respective boards.

e) The process for the availment of funds be completed.

Section 8. Process for Availing the Local Fund

The Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board shall prescribea simple procedure and proforma for fund application. Anefficient system of accepting, appraising and approving ofproposals shall be established by the respective boards.Furthermore, report proforma as well as procedures for thehandling of government funds, shall be provided by the boards. Ingeneral, the availment process shall start from the submission of aproject/activity concept drawn from the SWM plan. Once theconcept proposal is approved, the proponent shall submit a detailedversion of the proposal for review and final decision by the board.Subject to a detailed guideline which the respective Local SWMBoards will promulgate, the general process is described inAppendix C.

In no case shall the Community Fund be used for the creation ofpositions or payment of salaries.

RULE XVI INCENTIVES

Section 1. Incentives

Incentives shall be provided for the purpose of encouraging LGUs,enterprises, private sector and civil society to develop or undertakesocially acceptable, effective and efficient solid wastemanagement, and/or to actively participate in any program for the

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promotion thereof, as provided for in the Act, and these IRRs. Theincentives may be fiscal including duties, taxes, interest rates ornon-fiscal, including simplified bureaucratic procedures andreduced paper requirements.

a) Rewards - shall be provided to LGUs, individuals, privateorganizations and entities, including non-governmentorganizations, that have undertaken outstanding and innovativeprojects, technologies, processes and techniques or activities inre-use, recycling and reduction. The reward shall beappropriately sourced from the Fund.

A set of standards for innovativeness, proactivity, exemplaryand outstanding SWM endeavors shall be formulated by theCommission and localized by the Local SWM Boards. Theremay be a variety of criteria for granting rewards, includingthough not limited to, the following categories:

1. For LGUs who initiate policy reform on SWM, principallyby including co-management and the decentralization ofauthority to conceptualize, support and implement SWMdevelopment projects.

2. For LGUs using methodologies which substantively reducethe generation of wastes and which thereby exceed the 25%waste diversion goal.

3. For LGUs with comprehensive SWM prototypes whichhave undergone professional evaluation as matured modelson SWM with complete coverage on the sustainabledevelopment requisites like the social, economic, cultural,political, technological, institutional and ecologicaldimensions.

4. For LGUs using alternative indigenous processes,materials, technologies and approaches which have beenexhaustively screened for social acceptability, efficiencyand effectivity.

5. For LGUs hosting SWM facilities. The Commission shallpromulgate within one (1) year following the effectivity ofthese IRR specific guidelines that will provide specific

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incentives, aside from giving grants and other financialassistance packages, to LGUs hosting or offering to hostSWM facilities. The principle by which this package ofincentive is designed resolves round the recognition ofpaying for the access granted to the present and future useof resources that are within the localities. The set ofincentives may include, among others, targeting subsidiesfor specific use of resources like water and power; plowingback certain percentage of the profits generated from thefacility to support development initiatives of the LGUs orpayment of royalties for continued operation of thefacilities. The Commission shall task DENR to undertakea study that will look into the specific aspects of theseincentives and present to the public within a year the resultsof the said study.

The rewards may be monetized or non- monetized dependingon the valuation of the awarding body, in this case, theCommission and Local SWM Boards. The manner of selectionfor the awardees shall be transparent and public.

b) Grants -Under the Fund, the provinces, cities andmunicipalities with Commission approved SWM Plans, shallbe entitled to receive project/activity grants for a range ofSWM endeavors.

c) Fiscal Incentives - A Committee on Fiscal Incentives for SWMProjects and Initiatives (CFI) may be established by theCommission. Committee members may serve a fixed 3-yearterm. The CFI may be chaired by the DOF and co-chaired bythe DTI, and its members constituted by the chairpersons. Theorganizational protocol of the committee may be formulated bythe committee members, but duly approved by the chair of theCommission. This committee may be responsible forproviding the technical basis for the fiscal incentives, designproposals, review and for setting the required standards andprocesses to avail of these fiscal incentives. The proceduresfor availment of incentives under EO 226 shall be followed.

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Existing Environment-Friendly Establishment. TheCommission may provide monetary and non-monetaryincentives to existing businesses and industries that have beenprofessionally evaluated to engage in socially acceptable,effective and efficient recycling of wastes. The Commissionshall formulate the criteria in awarding these incentives suchas:

1. Tax and Duty Exemption on Imported Capital Equipmentand Vehicles

Within ten (10) years upon effectivity of this Act, LGUs,enterprises or private entities shall enjoy tax and duty-freeimportation of machinery, equipment, vehicles and spareparts used for collection and processing of solid wastes.Provided, that the importation of such machinery,equipment, vehicle and spare parts shall comply with thefollowing conditions:

i. They are not manufactured domestically in sufficientquantity, of comparable quality and at reasonableprices;

ii. They are reasonably needed and will be used actually,directly and exclusively for the above mentionedactivities; and

iii. The approval of the Board of investment (BOI) of theDTI for the importation of such machinery, equipment,vehicle and spare parts.

Provided further that, the sale, transfer or disposition ofsuch machinery, equipment, vehicle and spare parts,without prior approval of the BOI, within five (5) yearsfrom the date of acquisition shall be prohibited, otherwise,the LGU concerned, enterprises or private entities and thevendee, transferee or assignee shall be liable to pay twicethe amount of tax and duty exemption given it.

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2. Tax Credit on Domestic Capital Equipment

Within ten (10) years from the effectivity of the Act, a taxcredit equivalent to 50% of the value of the nationalinternal revenue taxes and customs duties that would havebeen waived on the machinery, equipment, private entities,including NGOs, subject to the same conditions andprohibition.

3. Tax and Duty Exemption of Donations, Legacies and Gift.

All legacies, gifts and donations to LGUs, enterprises orprivate entities, including NGOs, for the support andmaintenance of the program for socially acceptable,effective and efficient solid waste management shall beexempt from all internal revenue taxes and customs duties,and shall be deductible in full from the gross income of thedonor for income tax purposes. The standard proceduresfor such exemptions are contained in the Tariff andCustoms Code, Section 105-106.

4. Financial Assistance Program

Government financial institutions such as the DevelopmentBank of the Philippines (DBP), Landbank of thePhilippines (LBP), Philippine National Bank (PNB),Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), and suchother government institutions providing financial servicesshall, in accordance with and to the extent allowed by theenabling provisions of their respective charters orapplicable laws, accord high priority to extend financialservices to individuals, enterprises, or private entitiesengaged in solid waste management. These services maybein the form of, but are not limited to the list as below:

i. Provision of technical assistance to prospective SWMproject proponents

ii. Special interest rates

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iii. Collateral for loansiv. Grace period of loans

d) Non-Fiscal Incentives - LGUs/Authorities, enterprises orprivate entities shall also be entitled to applicable non-fiscalincentives formerly provided for under E.O. 226, otherwiseknown as the Omnibus Investments Code.

1. Enhanced Procedure for Importation

The Commission shall define a simplified and moreefficient process for the importation of equipment, spareparts, new materials and supplies; provided the process is inaccordance with the existing custom standards.

2. Enhanced Procedure for Exportation

An enhanced procedure to export locally processed productsfrom SWM projects shall be established by theCommission. Similarly, the Commission shall developexport standards for SWM processed products.

3. Enhanced Certification, Permitting and Licensing Processes

The Commission through the Department shall providesupport to SWM projects requiring an ECC. It shallthereby hasten the EIA process by formulating a guidelinefor the specific procedure of EIA for SWM projects.Similarly, the Local SWM Boards/Local SWM ClusterBoards shall establish simplified and efficient procedure forpermitting and licensing functions.

4. Knowledge and Skills Exchange

The Commission, Local SWM Boards and Local SWMCluster Boards shall provide cross study visits in-countryand outside the country, in order to model SWM projects.The travel requirements and process shall be established by

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the Commission in accordance with existing governmentalprocedures.

5. Employment of Foreign Nationals

Pursuant to the relevant provisions of EO 226, proceduresfor an enhanced processing of the employment of foreignnationals shall be hereafter followed.

e) Private Sector Participation - Essentially, contractualarrangement is envisaged to be entered into by a Local SWMBoard/Local SWM Cluster Board. This provides authority forthe private sector to finance, construct, operate and maintain afacility and, in the process, to charge user fees or receivecompensation. The Commission shall further define theguidelines for the private sector engagement.

The choice of the participation mode may vary from any of thescheme authorized under the BOT Law, RA 6957, as amendedby RA 7718 and its implementing Rules and Regulations orjoint venture arrangement allowed under the LocalGovernment Code, RA 7160, as well as other private sectorfunded arrangements.

The following rights may be bestowed on the private sectorproponent:

1. To operate the facility over a fixed period, not to exceed 50years;

2. To charge facility user fees, tolls, rentals or share in therevenue of the project; and

3. To recover capital, operating and maintenance expensesand earn a reasonable return on investment.

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RULE XVII. COST RECOVERY MECAHNISMS

Section 1. Power to Collect Solid Waste Management Fees

The Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board shall imposefees on the SWM services provided for by the LGU and/or anyauthorized organization or unit. In determining the amounts of thefees, a Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board shall includeonly those costs directly related to the adoption andimplementation of the SWM Plan and the setting and collection ofthe local fees. This power to impose fees may be ceded to theprivate sector and civil society groups which have been dulyaccredited by the Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board;provided, the SWM fees shall be covered by a Contract orMemorandum of Agreement between the respective board and theprivate sector or civil society group.

The fees shall pay for the costs of preparing, adopting andimplementing a SWM Plan prepared pursuant to the Act. Further,the fees shall also be used to pay the actual costs incurred incollecting the local fees and for project sustainability.

Section 2. Basis of SWM Service Fees

Reasonable SWM service fees shall be computed based on but notlimited to the following minimum factors:

a) Types of solid waste to include special wasteb) amount/volume of wastec) distance of the transfer station to the waste management

facilityd) capacity or type of LGU constituencye) cost of constructionf) cost of managementg) type of technology

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Section 3. Collection of Fees

Fees may be collected corresponding to the following levels:

a) Barangay - The Barangay may impose fees for collection andsegregation of biodegradable, compostable and reusable wastesfrom households, commerce, other sources of domestic wastes,and for the use of Barangay MRFs. The computation of thefees shall be established by the respective SWM boards. Themanner of collection of the fees shall be dependent on the styleof administration of respective Barangay Councils. However,all transactions shall follow the Commission on Audit rules oncollection of fees.

b) Municipality - The municipal and city councils may imposefees on the barangay MRFs for the collection and transport ofnon-recyclable and special wastes and for the disposal of theseinto the sanitary landfill. The level and procedure for exactingfees shall be defined by the Local SWM Board/Local SWMCluster Board and supported by LGU ordinances, however,payments shall be consistent with the accounting system ofgovernment.

c) Private Sector/Civil Society Group - On the basis of thestipulations of contract or Memorandum of Agreement, theprivate sector or civil society group shall impose fees forcollection, transport and tipping in their SLFs. Receipts andinvoices shall be issued to the paying public or to thegovernment.

Section 4. Collection and Retention of Fines

The collection of fines under the penal provisions of the Act maybe conducted by the Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Boardor any other authorized body. The collection shall be receipted.Alternatively, the Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Boardand/or any duly authorized body shall retain the 40% portion of thecollected fees from fines and remit 60% of the same to the Fund, as

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prescribed herein. Thereafter, the retained percentage is depositedunder the Local Fund, the procedure for which shall be defined bythe Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board.

Section 5. Special Account

The Local SWM Board/Local SWM Cluster Board shall establishappropriate special accounts for the fines, fees, donations and othermonies collected or generated under the Act and this IRR.

PART V. PROHIBITED ACTS, PENALITIES AND SUITS

RULE XVIII PENAL PROVISIONS

Section 1. Prohibited Acts

The following acts are prohibited:

a) Littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places,such as roads, sidewalks, canals, esteros or parks, andestablishment, or causing or permitting the same;

b) Undertaking activities or operating, collecting or transportingequipment in violation of sanitation operation and otherrequirements or permits set forth in or established pursuant tothe Act;

c) The open burning of solid waste;d) Causing or permitting the collection of non-segregated or

unsorted waste;e) Squatting in open dumps and landfills;f) Open dumping, burying of biodegradable or non-biodegradable

materials in flood-prone areas;g) Unauthorized removal of recyclable material intended for

collection by authorized persons;h) The mixing of source-separated recyclable material with other

solid waste in any vehicle, box, container or receptacle used insolid waste collection or disposal;

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i) Establishment or operation of open dumps as enjoined in theAct, or closure of said dumps in violation of Sec. 37 of the Act;

j) The manufacture, distribution or use of non-environmentallyacceptable packaging materials;

k) Importation of consumer products packaged in non-environmentally acceptable materials;

l) Importation of toxic wastes misrepresented as “recyclable” or“with recyclable content”;

m) Transport and dumping in bulk of collected domestic,industrial, commercial and institutional wastes in areas otherthan centers of facilities prescribed under the Act;

n) Site preparation, construction, expansion or operation of wastemanagement facilities without an Environmental ComplianceCertificate required pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1586and the Act and not conforming with the land use plan of theLGU;

o) The construction of any establishment within two hundred(200) meters from open dump or controlled dumps or sanitarylandfills; and

p) The construction or operation of landfills or any waste disposalfacility on any aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershedarea and/or any portion thereof.

The Commission may also issue further guidelines that considerexisting and relevant laws and regulations, and which may furtherdefine the scope and coverage of the above prohibited acts.

Section 2. Specific Prohibition Against the Use of OpenDumps for Solid Waste.

No open dumps shall be established and operated, nor any practiceor disposal of solid waste by any person, including LGUs, whichconstitutes the use of open dumps for solid waste, be allowed afterthe effectivity of the Act; Provided, that within three (3) years afterthe effectivity of the Act, every LGU shall convert its open dumpsinto controlled dumps; Provided, further, that no controlled dumpsshall be allowed five (5) years following effectivity of the Act. In

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order to facilitate the Act’s requirement that LGUs convert theiropen dumps into controlled dumps, the Commission, shall directthe Department in collaboration with DILG, to formulate a staged-compliance program. The staged compliance program shallconsider but not be limited to respective LGU classification andabilities to immediately comply with Section 41 of the Act. It shallalso establish its base line from the inventory of all open dumpsitesin the country, which must be completed not more than three (3)months following effectivity of these Rules and Regulations.

Section 3. Fines and Penalties

The following schedule of fines and penalties shall be imposed,upon conviction:

SPECIFIC VIOLATIONS(under Section 49 of the

FINES PENALTIES

Paragraph 1. Littering,throwing, dumping of wastematters in public places, suchas roads, sidewalks, canals,esteros or parks, andestablishment, or causing orpermitting the same

Payment in theamounts not lessthan Threehundred pesos(P300.000) butnot more thanOne thousandpesos(P1,000.00) or

Rendering of communityservice for not less thanone (1) day to not morethan fifteen (15) days toan LGU where suchprohibited acts arecommitted or both

Para 2. Undertakingactivities or operating,collecting or transportingequipment in violation ofsanitation operation and otherrequirements or permits setforth in or establishedpursuant to the Act

Para 3. The open burning ofsolid waste

Imprisonment of not lessthan one (1) day to notmore than fifteen (15)days or both

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Para 4. Causing or permittingthe collection of non-segregated or unsorted waste

Para 5. Squatting in opendumps and landfills

Para 6. Open dumping,burying of biodegradable ornon-biodegradable materialsin flood-prone areas

Para 7. Unauthorizedremoval of recyclablematerial intended forcollection by authorizedpersons

Payment in theamounts not lessthan Onethousand pesos(P1,000.00) butnot more thanThree thousandpesos(P3,000.00) or

Imprisonment of not lessthan fifteen (15) days tonot more than six (6)months or both

Para 8. The mixing ofsource-separated recyclablematerial with other solidwaste in any vehicle, box,container or receptacle usedin solid waste collection ordisposal

Para 9. Establishment oroperation of open dumps asenjoined in the Act, orclosure of said dumps inviolation of Sec. 37 of theAct

Para 10. The manufacture,distribution or use of non-environmentally acceptablepackaging materials

Para 11. Importation ofconsumer products packagedin non-environmentallyacceptable materials

For the first time,shall pay a fineof Five hundredthousand pesos(P500,000.00)plus an amountnot less than fivepercent (5%) butnot more thanten percent(10%) of his netannual incomeduring theprevious year

The additional penalty ofimprisonment of aminimum period of one(1) year, but not to exceedthree (3) years at thediscretion of the court,shall be imposed forsecond or subsequentviolations of Sec. 48 ofthe Act, paragraphs (9)and (10)

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Para 12. Importation of toxicwastes misrepresented as“recyclable” or “withrecyclable content”

Para 13. Transport anddumping in bulk of collecteddomestic, industrial,commercial and institutionalwastes in areas other thancenters of facilities prescribedunder the Act

Payment in theamounts not lessthan Tenthousand pesos(P10,000.00) butnot more thanTwo hundredthousand pesos(P200,000.00) or

Imprisonment of not lessthan thirty (30) days butnot more than three (3)years, or both

Para 14. Site preparation,construction, expansion oroperation of wastemanagement facilitieswithout an EnvironmentalCompliance Certificaterequired pursuant toPresidential Decree No. 1586and the Act and notconforming with the land useplan of the LGU

Para 15. The construction ofany establishment within twohundred (200) meters fromopen dump or controlleddumps or sanitary landfills

Para 16. The construction oroperation of landfills or anywaste disposal facility on anyaquifer, groundwaterreservoir or watershed areaand/or any portion thereof.

Payment in theamounts not lessthan Onehundredthousand pesos(P100,000.00)but not morethan One millionpesos(P1,000,000.00)or

Imprisonment of not lessthan one (1) year but notmore than six (6) years, orboth

If the offense is committed by a corporation, partnership, or otherjuridical entity duly organized in accordance with law, the chiefexecutive officer, president, general manager, managing partner or

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such other officer-in-charge shall be liable for the commission ofthe offense penalized under the Act.

If the offender is an alien, he shall, after service of the sentenceprescribed above, be deported without further administrativeproceedings.

The fines herein prescribed shall be increased by at least tenpercent (10%) every three (3) years to compensate for inflation andto maintain the deterrent function of such fines.

RULE XIXADMINISTRATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

Section 1. Proceedings

In the enforcement of the Act and this IRR, both criminal andadministrative proceedings may be instituted.

Section 2. Criminal Actions

Violators of Section 48 of the Act shall be subject to criminalproceedings, pursuant to the relevant provisions of the revisedrules on criminal procedure.Section 3. Enforcement Mechanism

The Commission shall define the roles of the Department, otherconcerned agencies, LGUs and any other agency deemedresponsible for the implementation and enforcement of the Act andits IRRs. It shall also promulgate detailed procedures andprotocols for such implementation and enforcement of the Act andits IRRs at the Commission and local governmental level.

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Section 4. Enforcement at the Local Government Level

LGUs shall be required to legislate appropriate ordinances to aid inthe implementation of the Act and in the enforcement of itsprovisions. Specific measures to implement and enforce Section48 of the Act should be included; Provided, such ordinances shallbe formulated pursuant to relevant provisions of RA 7160;provided further, that the Commission shall aid LGUs in thisprocess particularly by giving advisory assistance. For thispurpose, a pro forma ordinance shall be established by theCommission for the guidance of LGUs. However, LGUs shall notbe limited to this pro forma nor shall it prejudice any furtherimprovement, modifications and revisions LGUs may chose toundertake of the pro forma.

Section 5. Deputization of Solid Waste ManagementOfficers

The Commission shall be authorized to deputize persons,individuals or entities to be Solid Waste Management Officer,giving them authority to effect the arrest of violators inaccordance with the law, for purposes of enforcing andimplementing the Act, its IRRs and other rules and regulationsgoverning solid waste management. Provided however, that noperson is deputized until they have completed the necessarytraining and capacity building, required by the NEC, for theeffective implementation of the Act and its IRRs.

The deputization shall be upon the recommendations of theProvincial Solid Waste Management Board and City/MunicipalSolid Waste Management Boards. The Commission shall deputizeonly those persons of known integrity and probity, who havecompleted the aforementioned training and capacity building of theNational Ecology Center. Further, the Commission shall formulatethe necessary guidelines for the protocol and procedures fordeputization within six (6) months following the effectivity ofthese Rules and Regulations.

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Section 6. Enforcement by the Commission

The Commission shall provide a mechanism whereby, any citizen,LGU or concerned agency may file an action/complaint directlywith the Secretariat and concurrently with any other appropriatelegal proceeding.

Section 7. Actions and Procedures

The following sets of general procedures shall guide theadministration of actions until such time as the Commission shallissue more detailed guidelines and procedures for theadministration of enforcement.

a) Commencement of Actions -Actions may be instituted forviolations of any of the prohibited acts under the Act of theseRules and Regulations, and/or any further orders issued by theaforementioned agencies under the enforcement mechanismsection of the IRRs.

Actions shall be commenced by any person filing a writtencomplaint, or by the Department on its own initiative, or by thefiling of a charge by any deputized agent of the Department,Commission or the LGU, before the court hearing officer.

However, the commencement of such an action shall bewithout prejudice to the right of any individual or affectedperson to file any other appropriate legal action for theviolation of the Act, its IRRs and/or any further orders issuedby the aforementioned concerned agencies.

The LGU ordinance shall prescribe the rules and proceduresfor the commencement of an action/complaint at the locallevel.

b) Charge Sheets - For actions initiated by the respective LGUs,the filing of charge sheets shall be in accordance with the rulesand procedures prescribed by relevant ordinances and pursuant

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to the relevant provisions of RA 7160. Actions initiated by andfor the Department shall follow the existing rules andprocedures of the Agency. The charge sheet shall be in writingand drawn in clear and concise language. It shall recite theultimate facts constituting the cause(s) of action and/or theviolations committed under the Act and/or these ImplementingRules and Regulations, as well as all information pertinentthereto and shall be duly signed by the apprehending officer.The charge sheet shall include a notice requiring theRespondent to appear and answer the charge, and specify thedate, time and place indicated therein which shall not be lessthan fifteen (15) days nor more than thirty (30) days fromreceipt hereof.

c) Filing and Service of Charge Sheet/Complaint - The chargesheet shall be filed in two (2) copies before the secretariat.Upon the receipt of the charge sheet and/or a complaint, thesecretariat shall determine the appropriate agency, to which thecharge sheet and/ or complaint may be remitted.

d) Hearing -Designated hearing officers of the appropriateagencies, to which the charge sheet/complaint is remitted, shallregard both the validity of the action/complaint and theappropriate authority, to which the charge sheet should proceedand be determined and shall make recommendations, thereto.

Hearing officers shall be appointed and undertake theirresponsibilities pursuant to the guidelines and criteria of theirexisting agency.

Department Secretaries shall be responsible for undertaking theappropriate action regarding the action/complaint, once thesecretariat has determined that it should proceed to his/herparticular agency. Existing agency procedures shall applywhere appropriate, including both administrative and criminalprocedure.

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e) Nature and Procedure - Subject to the basic requirements ofdue process, the proceedings herein provided shall be summaryin nature. The technical rules of evidence obtaining in courts oflaw shall not bind the designated adjudicating unit for LGUs orof the Department as the case maybe. Similarly the rules of theCourt shall not apply in proceedings before the adjudicatingunit except in a supplementary character and only wheneverapplicable.

Section 8. Closure or Suspension of Operations of SolidWaste Management Facilities

The Department shall have the authority to order the closure orsuspension of developments, construction or operation of solidwaste management facilities pursuant to existing laws, rules andregulations.

Section 9. Authentication with Official Seal

All decisions, orders and appropriate legal documents hereinafterpromulgated shall be issued with the official seal of theDepartment or the government agencies designated by theCommission.

RULE XX. SUITS

Section 1. Citizen Suits

The purposes of this section are to:

a) promote the participation of the citizens in the enforcement ofthe Act

b) ensure that government officials to take the necessary andappropriate action to abate and/or control pollution.

The legal actions contemplated under this section of the IRR arefor civil and criminal remedies. The procedure for administrative

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sanctions is discussed under Section 50 and Section 61 of the Actand IRR, respectively.

Any citizen may file an appropriate civil, criminal oradministrative action in the proper courts/bodies against:

a. Any person who violates or fails to comply with the provisionsof the Act or this rules and regulations; or

b. The Department or other implementing agencies with therespect to orders, rules and regulations issued inconsistent withthe Act; and/or

c. Any public officer who willfully or grossly neglects theperformance of an act specifically enjoined as a duty by theAct or this rules and regulations.

Provided, however, that no suit can be filed until after thirty-day(30) notice has been given to the public officer and the allegedviolator concerned and no appropriate action has been takenthereon.

Section 2. Suits and Strategic Legal Action Against PublicParticipation (SLAPP) and the Enforcement of the Act.

Where a suit is brought against a person who filed an action asprovided in Sec. 52 of the Act, or against any person, institution orgovernment agency that implements the Act, it shall be the duty ofthe investigating prosecutor or the Court, as the case may be, toimmediately make a determination not exceeding thrity (30) dayswhether said legal action has been filed to harass, vex, exert unduepressure or stifle such legal recourses of the person complaining ofor enforcing the provisions of the Act. Upon determinationthereof, evidence warranting the same, the Court shall dismiss thecase and award attorney’s fees and double damages.

This provision shall also apply and benefit public officers who aresued for acts committed in their official capacity, there being no

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grave abuse of authority, and done in the course of enforcing theAct.

Section 3. Administrative Sanctions

Local government officials and officials of government agenciesconcerned, who fail to comply with and enforce rules andregulations promulgated relative to the Act shall be chargedadministratively in accordance with the Ombudsman Law and RA7160 and other existing laws , rules and regulations.

Any citizen may file an action. The action shall be filed with theDILG or the Ombudsman, if related to any LGU, or to anygovernment agency/employee, respectively.

PART VI. RESEARCH, PUBLIC INFORMATION ANDACCESS TO RECORDS

RULE XXI. RESEARCH AND PUBLIC INFORMATION

Section 1. Research on Solid Waste Management

The Department, in consultations with the cooperating agencies,shall encourage, cooperate with and may render financial and otherassistance to appropriate government agencies, academe, privateinstitutions and individuals in the conduct and promotion ofresearches, experiments, and other studies on solid wastemanagement.

a) The DOH, in coordination with the concerned agencies andinstitutions, shall spearhead the study on the adverse healtheffects of the unintentional release of by-products ofcombustion (e.g., dioxins and furans) and methods to eliminatesaid effects. Likewise, the health effects of solid wastes toscavengers, garbage collectors and other personnel involved inthe solid waste management (SWM) programs shall be lookedinto by concerned agencies.

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b) The DENR, in coordination with the concerned agencies andinstitutions shall:

1. Spearhead the setting of standards for leachate.2. Conduct monitoring of the leachate contamination of

ground water and surface water.3. Chair the panel that will evaluate research proposals on

solid waste management for possible funding.4. Lead in the benchmarking of researches on solid wastes for

the identification of gaps.5. Study on factors for success/failure of community-based

waste management initiatives.6. Pursue improvement in the disposal practices for the solid

wastes including sludge.7. Undertake researches on economic instruments in solid

waste management.

c) The DOST, in coordination with the concerned agencies andinstitutions, shall:

1. Initiate study on the alternative usage of non-recyclable andnon-reusable materials.

2. Develop an environmental technology verification (ETV)program in the evaluation of technologies prior to itsintroduction locally. ETV will serve as basis for verifyingthe performance of technology under local conditions.

3. Promote the development of clean technology(CT)/production (CP) program in industry. Technicalassistance program shall be provided by concernedagencies to implement CP and CT by the industries.

4. Develop and apply new and improved methods ofcollecting and disposing of solid wastes and processing andrecovering materials and energy from solid wastes.

5. Improved utilization of various types of organic materialsas source of fertilizer and biofuels.

6. Conduct of study and development of new uses ofrecovered resources.

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d) The DA, in coordination with the concerned agencies andinstitutions, shall:

1. Lead in the improvement of composting technology andmake such more affordable to communities at the barangaylevels.

2. Identify/inventory existing markets and demand forcompost.

3. Encourage the composting of agricultural waste, and othercompostable materials including, but not limited to gardenwaste.

4. Assist the compost producers to ensure that the compostproducts conform to standards.

5. Set standards for organic fertilizers from compost.

e) The DOE, in coordination with the concerned agencies andinstitutions, shall:

1. Spearhead landfill extraction and utilization of biogas.2. Lead in production of usable forms of recovered resources,

including fuels from solid waste.

In carrying out solid waste management related researched andstudies, the Secretary of the Department or the authorizedrepresentative may provide grants or enter into contract withgovernment agencies, non-government organizations, academe,private institutions and individuals

The private sector is further encourage to pursue researched insolid waste management.

Section 2. Environmental Education in the Formal and Non-formal Sectors

a) The Department of Education (DeptEd), the TechnicalEducation and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), theCommission on Higher Education (CHED), the Department of

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Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR), and otherconcerned government agencies, shall aggressively incorporateecological waste management in the school systems at alllevels, emphasizing the involvement of the schooladministrators, teaching and non-teaching staff, and studentryin school-wide and nearby community waste managementactions, and in the strengthening of the waste managementcontent in the curricula.

b) Such education program shall emphasize, but not be limited to,the ill-effects of solid wastes relative to human health and theenvironment, waste minimization and pollution prevention,waste segregation (biodegradable and non-biodegradable) andstorage, waste reduction at source, waste recycling/reuse,composting, different methods of waste management andeconomic benefits derived thereat, and other community-basedsolutions to the solid waste problem.

c) The education program should also include the provisions ofthe prohibited acts, their sanction, and the right of citizens tofile suits.

Section 3. Public Education and Information

a) The Department of Interior and Local Governments (DILG)and its leagues, in coordination with the National EcologyCenter and its local counterparts, shall ensure active educationand public information on waste management of every localgovernment unit, down to the barangay levels.

b) The local government units, down to the barangay levels, shallallocate a portion of their funds, to public education andinformation activities on ecological waste managementparticularly biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastesincluding, but not limited to, installation of billboards oncollection days for specific waste types, other outdoorsignages, stickers, flyers, conduct of seminars, and othereffective non-traditional information strategies.

Page 97: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

c) The Office of the Press Secretary, the Philippine InformationAgency, the Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas, theNational Press Club, the Philippine Press Institute and theprivate sector (particularly the entertainment and advertisingindustries), shall allocate regular free air time and print spaceson waste management matters, in television, radio,broadsheets, outdoor signages, other telecommunications,information technologies and non-traditional medial channels.

d) The DILG, through the Philippine National Police, theDepartment of National Defense and the Philippine CoastGuard, shall help enforce compliance to Sections 48 and 49 ofthe said prohibited acts of this Law.

e) All government offices, at the national and local levels, withinthe executive, legislation and judicial branches, andgovernment-owned and controlled corporations, shall ensureinformation, education and actual implementation of wastemanagement programs at the workplaces and work premises,including the pursuit of environment-friendly purchasingpolicies for their respective offices.

f) The DENR, other concerned government agencies, educationalassociations, non-government organizations, people’sorganizations and the private sector, shall also help implementvarious efforts in the education and public information onwaste management.

g) All garbage collection and hauling companies shall also bedirected to install visible signs in their collection and haulingtrucks, describing the waste type they are supposed to collect(for example, NABUBULOK, NARERESIKLO,DI NABUBULOK).

h) All garbage collection and hauling companies shall also beenjoined to employ other possible media approached to ensurecompliance to mandatory waste segregation (for example, use

Page 98: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

of bell, characteristic music, jingle, slogan, color-coded trucks,and the like) in their garbage collection vehicles.

i) All institutions in the foregoing provisions are directed tosubmit periodic reports to the appropriate local solid wastemanagement boards. The criteria and mechanisms for thereport and its submission may be specified by the NSWMC.The report shall thereafter be submitted to the NSWMCsecretariat. Sample copies of education and public informationmaterials and strategies employed, shall be part of suchsubmissions.

RULE XXII. ACCESS TO RECORDS

Section 1. Public Access to Records

Any record, report or information obtained by the NSWMC and /orits secretariat, and their local offices, under the Act and the IRR,shall be available to the public.

Section 2. Business and Industry Role

The Commission shall encourage commercial and industrialestablishments through appropriate incentives other than taxincentives:

a) To initiate, participate and invest in integrated ecological solidwaste management projects;

b) To manufacture environmental-friendly products, to introduce,develop and adopt innovative processes that shall recycle andre-use materials, conserve raw materials and energy, reducewaste and prevent pollution; and

c) To undertake community activities to promote and propagateeffective solid waste management practices.

Page 99: DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

PART VII. FINAL PROVISIONS

Section 1. Separability Clause

If any section or provision of these Rules and Regulations is heldor declared unconstitutional or invalid by a competent court, theother sections or provisions hereof shall continue to be in force asif the sections or provisions so annulled or voided had never beenincorporated herein.

Section 2. Repealing Clause

All Rules and Regulations or parts of said rules and regulations ofpertinent laws inconsistent with these Rules and Regulations arehereby revised, amended, modified and/or superseded as the casemay be by these Rules and Regulations.

Section 3. Amendments

These Rules and Regulations may be amended and/or modifiedfrom time to time by the Department of Environment and NaturalResources.

Section 4. Effectivity

These Implementing Rules and Regulations shall take effect fifteen(15) days from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette orin at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.

(Sgd.) HEHERSON T. ALVAREZSecretary

IRR TO RA 9003

IRR TO RA 9003

Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )

Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )

Environment

RA 9003 the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

RA 9003 the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

Water Pollution Control and Enforcement Status and … ·  · 2018-03-14RA 8749 (Clean Air Act of 1999) RA 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000) RA 9275 (Philippine

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Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003

Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003

LegalBases 3. RESPONSIBILITIES 4. WASTE MANAGEMENT … › ... › Waste_Management.pdfLegalBases: • RA 9003 • RA 6969 • QC Ordinance Nos. SP-1707 S. 2006 • QC Ordinance SP-1323

LegalBases 3. RESPONSIBILITIES 4. WASTE MANAGEMENT … › ... › Waste_Management.pdfLegalBases: • RA 9003 • RA 6969 • QC Ordinance Nos. SP-1707 S. 2006 • QC Ordinance SP-1323

Environmental Technology Verification: An Opportunity for … · 2010-02-26 · Section 3 • RA 9003 - Ecological Solid Waste Management Act • RA 9275- Philippine Clean Water Act

Environmental Technology Verification: An Opportunity for … · 2010-02-26 · Section 3 • RA 9003 - Ecological Solid Waste Management Act • RA 9275- Philippine Clean Water Act

inFORMAL-formal · 2019-08-08 · ii Part III, Rule IX, Section 2(c-3) IRR of RA 9003 iii Part III, Rule XIII, Section 2(h). IRR of RA 9003 iv Part III, Rule 4, Section 1 (o). IRR

inFORMAL-formal · 2019-08-08 · ii Part III, Rule IX, Section 2(c-3) IRR of RA 9003 iii Part III, Rule XIII, Section 2(h). IRR of RA 9003 iv Part III, Rule 4, Section 1 (o). IRR

 · environmental advocacy promotions are concerned. Among these are RA 7160 (Local Government Code), RA 7924 (MMDA Charter) and RA 9003 better known as the Ecological Solid Waste

 · environmental advocacy promotions are concerned. Among these are RA 7160 (Local Government Code), RA 7924 (MMDA Charter) and RA 9003 better known as the Ecological Solid Waste

RA 9003 AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK SUPPORTING … · 2013-01-31 · RA 9003 AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK SUPPORTING COMMUNITY BASED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Presented BY ... Per Section 3 Article

RA 9003 AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK SUPPORTING … · 2013-01-31 · RA 9003 AND THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK SUPPORTING COMMUNITY BASED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Presented BY ... Per Section 3 Article

countrysafeguardsystems.net · Hazardous a-d Nuclear Wastes Control Act), R.A. 8749 'Philippine C½ar Ar Act': and RA 9003 ... with Title Il ot RA 6969. ... (toxic substances)

countrysafeguardsystems.net · Hazardous a-d Nuclear Wastes Control Act), R.A. 8749 'Philippine C½ar Ar Act': and RA 9003 ... with Title Il ot RA 6969. ... (toxic substances)

ra 9003.mmt

ra 9003.mmt

RA 9003 IRR

RA 9003 IRR

Procedural Manual for DAO 20AA-YY · Procedural Manual for DAO 20AA-YY ... 2.5.1 Summary of Water Supply and Wastewater Generation ... RA 8749 or the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999

Procedural Manual for DAO 20AA-YY · Procedural Manual for DAO 20AA-YY ... 2.5.1 Summary of Water Supply and Wastewater Generation ... RA 8749 or the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999

Republic Act 9003

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Chapter 5 Review of the Waste Management System in the …€¦ ·  · 2016-03-20Act 9003 (RA 9003), known as the “Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000.” Also, this

Chapter 5 Review of the Waste Management System in the …€¦ ·  · 2016-03-20Act 9003 (RA 9003), known as the “Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000.” Also, this

Ra 9003-Solid Waste Mgt Law

Ra 9003-Solid Waste Mgt Law

Republic Act (RA) 9003

Republic Act (RA) 9003

IMAGES

  1. RA-9003

    presentation of ra 9003

  2. Climate Change and RA 9003

    presentation of ra 9003

  3. Salient Features RA 9003

    presentation of ra 9003

  4. RA 9003.ppt

    presentation of ra 9003

  5. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )

    presentation of ra 9003

  6. RA 9003 PHILIPPINE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000

    presentation of ra 9003

VIDEO

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COMMENTS

  1. 03 ra9003-pco

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  2. PDF The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (Ra 9003)

    Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. First Law signed by the then President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Passed by the Philippine Congress on 20 December 2000. Approved on 26 January 2001. Took Effect on 16 February 2001.

  3. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000(RA 9003 )

    Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (RA 9003 ) Mar 22, 2015 •. 45 likes • 73,366 views. Jan Del Rosario. Go to: superyano.weebly.com to download. Environment. 1 of 11. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (RA 9003 ) - Download as a PDF or view online for free.

  4. Republic act no. 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management act of 2000)

    1 of 26. Download now. Republic act no. 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management act of 2000) 1. Republic Act No. 9003 Isabela State University Ilagan City Campus Department of Electrical Engineering By: John Rudy A. Buraga Jay Carlo D. Malana Rowel M. Agcaoili. 2. Solid waste are wastes that are not liquid or gaseous The term solid waste means ...

  5. Powerpoint Presentations

    Republic Act 9003: The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

  6. PDF Republic Act No. 9003

    Republic Act No. 9003 ENGR. ANALYNNE M. AGGABAO EMS II- Solid Waste Management ... OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION I. SALIENT FEATURES OF RA 9003 II. DENR AO 2006-10 (Guidelines on the Categorized Final Disposal Facilities) Water Environment Association of the Philippines, Inc. (WEAP) DENR -Environmental Management Bureau (DENR EMB)

  7. Republic Act No. 9003: "Ecological Solid Waste Management Act ...

    Ra 9003 Final - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 establishes the National Solid Waste Management Commission to oversee the country's solid waste management. It creates Local Government Unit Solid Waste Management Boards to implement segregation, waste ...

  8. Republic Act 9003: The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

    Republic Act 9003: The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. File: national policy.pdf. Publication Type: Powerpoint Presentations ...

  9. Ecological Solid Waste Management of 2000 (RA 9003)

    Edith Castillo. W ith the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, or Republic Act 9003, a priority concern of the nation's lawmakers, floods in the metropolis and other urban centers in the country brought about by the onset of the rainy season may soon be a thing of the past. Floods are only one of the consequences of improper disposal ...

  10. R.A 9003 by Nikki Fajardo on Prezi

    R.A. 9003 Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 Objectives: Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Objectives: Powers and functions of the implementing agencies: Republic Act No. 9003 Implementing Structure: Objectives: Article 1: General Provisions Article 2: Segregation

  11. RA9003

    RA9003_Salient Features - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. This document provides an overview of Republic Act 9003, also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. It establishes the objectives of the law to promote proper waste management and recycling in the Philippines.

  12. RA 9003 Solid Waste Management Act

    Download ppt "RA 9003 Solid Waste Management Act". Prohibited Acts and corresponding penalties Littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places, such as roads, sidewalks, canals, esteros or parks, and establishment, or causing or permitting the same. Fine: P300 - P1,000, or Community service: 1-15 days in LGU where violation was ...

  13. Ra 9003

    RA 9003.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. This document discusses compliance with RA 9003, the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, for local government units in the Philippines. It outlines key factors contributing to solid waste problems, the effects of pollution, and ecological solid waste ...

  14. Classification of Waste as defined by RA 9003

    Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003. Pauline Sy. Background. Passed by the Congress and Senate on 2000, and approved by President Gloria Macapagal -Arroyo 0n January 26,2001. 12.97k views • 31 slides

  15. RA 9003.pptx

    The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act RA 9003 An Act providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary institutional mechanisms, declaring certain prohibited acts. Was passed by the Congress and Senate on December 2000 and signed by the President on January 26, 2001.

  16. Ra 9003

    RA-9003 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (RA 9003) establishes an institutional framework and mechanisms for ecological solid waste management in the Philippines. It defines key terms like solid waste and its classification.

  17. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 RA 9003

    Presentation Transcript. Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000RA 9003 Pauline Sy. Background • Passed by the Congress and Senate on 2000, and approved by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 0n January 26,2001 • Provides an ecological solid waste management program, and lists prohibited acts and penalties for the perpetrator.

  18. REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9003 by ropi ropi on Prezi

    This law aims for the reduction of solid waste through source reduction and waste minimization measures, treatment and disposal of solid waste in accordance with ecologically sustainable development principles. (Sec. 2-C) It also aims to ensure the proper segregation, collection,

  19. Salient Features of RA 9003 by Shihchi Lunjas on Prezi

    Salient Features of RA 9003 ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000 Charmaine B. Lunjas Information Officer DEFINITION Definition of SW under RA 9003: "SOLID WASTE" shall refer to all discarded household, commercial waste, non-hazardous industrial waste, street sweepings, ... Overcome presentation deadlines with Prezi AI: User success ...

  20. Module 8

    Module 8_ (Eswa) Ra 9003 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The document summarizes key aspects of Republic Act 9003, also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in the Philippines. It establishes an institutional structure for solid waste management with the National Solid Waste ...

  21. DAO 2001-34 Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003

    235. DENR Administrative OrderNo. 2001 - 34December 20, 2001. SUBJECT : Implementing Rules andRegulations of Republic Act 9003. Pursuant to the provisions of Section 59 of Republic Act No. 9003,otherwise known as the "Philippine Ecological Solid WasteManagement Act of 2000," and by virtue of Executive Order No.192, Series of 1987, the Department of Environment and NaturalResources hereby ...

  22. Republic Act 9003

    Republic Act 9003.pptx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. RA 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 is a landmark environmental law in the Philippines that aims to establish a systematic solid waste management program to protect public health and the environment.

  23. Salient Features RA 9003

    Salient Features RA 9003 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The document summarizes key aspects of Republic Act 9003, also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 in the Philippines. It outlines the law's goals of establishing an ecological solid waste management system through waste ...