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Essay Samples on Fiction

Critical analysis of emotions that build historical fiction literature.

Indeed, historical fiction has long been battled by critics between being purely fictitious and a transformational stimulation of the past, ever since Sir Walter Scott's 'Waverley' in 1814 - the first recorded novel on this genre. Although it can entail a lack of 'critical analysis',...

  • Literary Genres
  • Literature Review

Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale as Dystopian Fiction

Published in 1985, Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale emerged during an auspicious time for dystopian fiction, following works such as Adoux Huxley’s Brave New World, George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Anthony Burgess' A Clockwork Orange. These dystopian narratives provided readers with captivating examinations into bleak,...

  • The Handmaid's Tale

The Concepts Of Good And Evil In Good Man Is Hard To Find

Hypocrisy is the disease of this era. Most people wear the masks of love, purity, and goodness, yet from inside they hide the complete opposite feelings, hatred, selfishness, and dishonesty. In the '' A good Man is Hard to Find '' this reality can clearly...

  • A Good Man Is Hard to Find

Stereotypes And Identity Of Beneatha In Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin In The Sun

In Langston Hughes’ poem “Harlem,” he discusses the idea of unfulfilled dreams and their plausible outcomes using symbolism and imagery. Firstly he describes a “deferred” dream as a sun-dried raisin, showing the dream originally as a fresh grape that now has dried up and “turned...

  • A Raisin in The Sun

Out Of The Wallpaper: The Imagery Of Mentally Ill In Yellow Wallpaper

At first glance, Charlotte Perkins Gilman's 'The Yellow Wallpaper' is merely the story of a helpless woman grappling with mental illness in a dysfunctional marital relationship. Her husband assumes that as a doctor he knows best what is necessary for his wife to recover from...

  • The Yellow Wallpaper

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The Theme Of Betrayal And Redemption In The Kite Runner

There is a theme of redemption In the novel, “The Kite Runner” by Khaled Hosseini.. The redemption came from the theme of betrayal. Redemption comes when Amir realizes he cannot escape his past and must correct his wrongs from his past. Amir, from the beginning...

  • The Kite Runner

Finding The Meaning Behind The Symbolism In The Yellow Wallpaper

The life of a woman wasn’t that easy back then in the 1800s. Gilman wrote a short story describing the point of view of the roles in society, the story was her way of bringing together women’s oppression to light. “The Yellow Wallpaper” is written...

  • Short Story

Topic Of Equality In Harrison Bergeron

Equality is something many people had to fight for. Imagine the dystopian United States in 2081 when everyone is equal. Above-average people have handicaps so they are equal to normal people. A powerful symbol in this story is the Tv which Harrison's parents are watching....

  • Harrison Bergeron

Unbroken: The Struggles Of Warriors In Life

“I believe in one thing only, the power of the human will.” (Joseph Stalin) This is a quote from a book called “Man of Steel” by Joseph Stalin and the first thing that comes to mind is Hugh Glass from the book “The Revenant” by...

Gender Roles And Womanhood In Adichie Purple Hibiscus And Emecheta‘s The Bride Price

The representation of female gender is mostly sloppy and biased. It is belief that men are the bulwark of any society. However, their contribution to the overall development of mankind and the nature in general is great. Women on the other hand is saddled with...

  • Purple Hibiscus

Capturing The Anxiety And Mental Struggles In The Thing Around Your Neck

A collection of short stories titled The Thing Around Your Neck divulges a holistic expression of Position Two situation: “To acknowledge the fact that you are a victim, but to explain this as an act of fate…the necessity decreed by History, or Economics, or the...

  • The Thing Around Your Neck

Analysis Of Class Interests In The Garden Party

The conflict of interest between the upper-class Sheridan family regarding the death of their neighbour Mr. Scott seems purposely emphasized by Mansfield to shed light on the presence of prejudice to the working class living in modern communities. The social class division became coherent when...

  • The Garden Party

Gender Roles and Victimization Of Women In Adichie’s "Purple Hibiscus"

Abstract: Women are given the position of ‘second sex’ since the time immemorial. They have been subjected to have a secondary treatment and they are deprived of the opportunities which are enjoyed by men. This discrimination pushes the fair sex into the background position and...

Unbroken And The Tale Of Almost Broken And Hurt People

When Louie and Phil were helped onto the Japanese boat, the Japanese hurt them. A person came in and stopped the beating. They were given some food. Then they were moved to a different boat. The people on that boat gave them more food and...

Reflection On Louis Zamperini's Life In Unbroken

The adventurous and dangerous life of Olympic Runner Louis Zamperini in the book Unbroken isn’t just for entertainment. Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand is a biography of an Olympic runner Louis Zamperini who enlisted in the air force and when his plane crashes he becomes a...

The Elements Of Symbolism In A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings

Gabriel García Márquez was known for the way he would create vast woven plots and tightly knit narratives within his works. His world is mostly that of provincial Colombia, where medieval and modern practices and beliefs clash both comically and tragically (Echevarría). In A Very...

  • A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings

Remain Unbroken: The Story Of Unlikely Survival

Throughout the powerful novel Unbroken A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience and Redemption by Laura Hillenbrand, Louis Zamperini shows a relentless will to survive in extreme ways that most could not, also demonstrating many counts of leadership. Louis Zamperini has been innovative and...

Imagery and Character Evolution in "The Purple Hibiscus"

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s novel Purple Hibiscus unleashes the lives of two young characters Kambili, the main character and Jaja, her older brother, that are brought up by a religiously rigid father, Papa, who adheres to Catholicism consequently overshadowing his paternal love. Papa eventually punishes his...

Exploring Hidden Symbolism Of Growth In "Purple Hibiscus"

When raised in a country hindered by the hardships of domestic violence, voicing one's true thoughts can often carry savage consequences, Purple Hibiscus is no exception. When the voice of the Achike family is confined in an oppressive society and home under Eugene, an authoritarian...

Love Does Not Define Social Class In The Decameron

In every household, there are many unspoken rules and norms which members structure their behavior around. According to the Marxian Class Theory, the development of these norms, ideological consciousness, are dependent on the social class of the members in a given household. This theory was...

  • The Decameron

Imagery On Cultural Ideas Used In The Purple Hibiscus

The novel Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Adichie, set in post-colonial Nigeria during the Civil War in the late 1960s, is a bildungsroman that focuses greatly on family relationships as well as religious and cultural ideals. The passage describing Kambili and Jaja’s first meal at their...

A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings: A Tale For Children

The author I chose is Gabriel García Márquez (born March 6, 1927, Aracataca, Colombia—died April 17, 2014, Mexico City, Mexico), Colombian novelist and one of the greatest writers of the 20th century, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982, mostly for his...

Dante And Boccaccio: Consumption Of The Human Heart And Other Food Symbolism In Decameron

Food is a key component and defining factor of all cultures. It connects people in ways that sometimes even language cannot, or even facilitates communication between people by bringing them together over the dining table. Although physical food and its role in daily life is...

The Notion Of Justice In Boccaccio's The Decameron

Boccaccio presents an earthly system of justice to show how messy human life is. This tells us that the divine system of justice (one that Dante adheres to) does not fit with the complications that life presents us. Dante’s use of his moral system, which...

The Elements Of Symbolism In Purple Hibiscus

The novel, Purple Hibiscus uses many types of symbolism to express Papa’s abusive behavior towards his wife and children. Within the novel, There are many symbols being used to help develop the novel, in the text; the four major ones being Love Sip Tea, Figurines,...

Lord Of The Flies By William Golding: Civilization Versus Savagery

Conflicting ideas within people that are not resolved can lead to savagery and pain. In William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies, Ralph and young British boys are left stranded from a plane crash on an island. The boys start to become civilized on the...

  • Lord of The Flies
  • William Golding

Comparison Of Symbolism In A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings And Swimmer

'The Swimmer' by John Cheever and 'A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings' by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, both focus on magic realism in the way that people are never content. 'The Swimmer' is a story of how one man's ego can change his life. The...

Unbroken By Laura Hillenbrand And The Message Of Not Giving Up

Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand is one of the most interesting books that I've at any point perused. This true to life piece has even made me have an alternate point of view and made me consider the lesson of the story in an edifying manner....

A Historical Evaluation Of The Decameron Directed By Pier Paolo Pasolini

As an eminent historian, indicating the significance of filmic narrative of history, Bruno Ramirez emphasises that scholars, who must not be necessarily historians but other social, or pertinent disciplines, should not perceive historical films as only stories about past but also contemporary cultural outputs, intrinsic...

The True Nature Of Unbroken: Journey Through Delinquency

There is never a moment in life when adversity is absent, but the true test of resilience presents itself in times when the misfortune seems completely grim and utterly unrelenting. In the novel Unbroken, Laura Hillenbrand describes the tumultuous life of one man through his...

A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings: Analysis Of Good And Evil

In the Old Bible in Titus chapter 1 verse 16 it saids “They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, unfit for any good work”, this words utterly emphetazie with Gabriel Garcia Marquez and the message in...

Don Quixote Influence on Cassandra Clare's Book City of Glass

“It was a wrong number that started it…Much later…he would conclude that nothing was real except chance.’’ (Auster, Paul. City Of Glass,1985:1) The first sentences of the book although We don’t notice at the first glimpse informs the reader about the possibility of this detective...

  • Don Quixote

Analysis of the Elements of Fiction in the Novels The Mark of Cain, Lamb to The Slaughter and The Tell-Tale Heart

Summary The Mark of Cain by Roxane Gay The short story is about a young unnamed woman who is married to a man called Caleb, Caleb has an identical twin, Jacob. They both switch places for days. The woman knows about their actions but does...

  • Lamb to The Slaughter
  • The Tell Tale Heart

Comparison of the Fictional Works of Mary Flannery O’Connor and Gregorio Brillantes

Flannery O’Connor: A Background Mary Flannery O’Connor was an American writer born in Savannah, Georgia, in 1925. She had spent years in Iowa and New York for her education, while the rest of her life was spent in her birth state, though more in Milledgeville,...

  • Good Country People

Black Marginalization in Mainstream Science Fantastic Fiction

Throughout its history, science fiction is associated and dominated by white male writers, readers, editors, and protagonists (Salvaggio, 1984, p. 78). Carrington (2016) has used the expression “The Whiteness of Science Fiction” to refer to two things: first, “the overrepresentation of white people among the...

Magical Realism as a Form of Fantastic Fiction

A woman can interact with spirits, a man can live one hundred and forty years, and characters can have conversations with the walls. In Magical Realism, anything is possible. All the rules we applied to the ordinary world can be bent at any moment. Writers...

An Overview of Zombies: Epidemiology of Fear

This article aimed to rationale how science fiction content describe and illustrate human culture through zombies. There was no formal concept of probability in Europe prior to the mid-17th century [3], despite the idea of randomized objects was already commonly seen. Asides from the first...

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow: One of the Most Famous Early Works in American Fiction

Introduction The Legend of Sleepy Hollow is a short story of speculative fiction by American author Washington Irving, contained in his collection of 34 essays and short stories entitled The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. Written while Irving was living abroad in Birmingham, England,...

  • Gothic Literature
  • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

Uncovering The True Fiction Behind Ishmael Beah’s Recount of His Life Story

What settles the difference between nonfiction and fiction? The specifics. In a nonfiction novel, the author is recounting on purely true events. However, in a fictional text, the author has a wide range of possibilities and can be very subjective. The specifics can be used...

  • A Long Way Gone

My Reflection over the Novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark aTwin is a classic novel about a young boy growing up along the Mississippi River. It is set in the 1840s in the fictional town of St. Petersburg, inspired by Hannibal, Missouri, where Twain lived as a boy....

  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

The Biography and Works of Tui T. Sutherland

Tui T. Sutherland, is a children's book author of several books (such as Wings of Fire, Avatars, Spirit Animals, etc.) and usually writes from 11:00 to 4:00 am instead of during the day. Some of the pen names she goes by are Heather Williams, Rob...

  • Wings of Fire

Analysis of the Deterioration of Annie John's Relationship with Her Mother

Annie john incorporates a weird relationship to power and her mother with regards to power. She perpetually changes. what is more the manner her and her mother act continuously modified and differs. Finally we have a tendency to see this within the initial 2 chapters...

  • Protagonist

The Crucial Importance of Knowledge in Fever: 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson

In the historical fiction novel, Fever: 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson, citizens in the city Philadelphia are suffering and dying from yellow fever. The epidemic is spreading all throughout the town and not many people can stop it. The main character Mattie, who is 14,...

  • Yellow Fever

Book Review of The Nightingale by Kristin Hannah

The Nightingale, by Kristin Hannah, was truly a remarkable story. It's poignant! I will beg everyone who loves historical fiction to read this. Although the book is considered fiction, I believe it was planted in well-researched truth. The Nightingale was glamorous and powerful; it is...

A Wrinkle in Time: Introduction of the Abstract Concepts

A Wrinkle in Time is a classic in the fantasy fiction genre. It has won numerous awards with the most prestigious being the john newberry medal award, won in 1963. Written by Madeleine L'Engle, it is the first in the Time Quintet series, which targets...

  • A Wrinkle in Time

A Wrinkle in Time Brought Revolution to Children's Literature

Something that makes the classic children’s novel A Wrinkle in Time, by Madeleine L’Engle, such an interesting story is that it succeeds in straddling the border between science fiction and fantasy. It brings the two genres together by including, for example, both the concept of...

The Killer Angels: Accurate Depiction of Revolutionary Events

I don’t think there was too much opinion in this novel, it was a very long novel but honestly short at the same time, once you get into the book, you want to keep reading to see what is going to happened next. It really...

  • The Killer Angels

Michael Shaara's The Killer Angels as the Foundation of Historic Fiction

In Gods and Generals, Shaara tells old stories in his own style and prose, using factual information to create a realistic yet still entertaining narrative. The author’s tales revolve around four generals and the events surrounding them, particularly in reference to the Civil War. Shaara...

Literary Analysis of "In the Time of Butterflies" by Julia Alvarez

Keywords: In the Time of the Butterflies, Julia Alvarez, Dominican Republic, Historical fiction, Symbolism, Political oppression, Feminism, Identity The desire for overcoming corruption became a battle for everyone living in those times. The passion that many had and the hope that wasn’t lost kept them...

The Idea of Blending Fiction into Reality In 'Don Quixote'

Part II of this story is changing like how Don Quixote’s fantasy is changing, and it is turning a part as the story goes on. Reality is rising up in his imaginative world, and he starts to doubt his views. He is beginning to see...

The Awakening of Fantastic and Science Fiction

The most resourceful genre that involves movies shows art and books is science fiction. Most science fiction are labeled as drama, or comedy.It is much more than those two things that is what makes it so much more interesting and enjoyable.There are many definitions and...

  • Science Fiction

How Fantastic Fiction Impacts Social Issues and Reformation

Fantastic fiction be used to bring about social changes and/or political reforms In order to better understand fantastic fiction we should also understand other fictions. The most resourceful genre that involves movies shows art and books is science fiction. Most science fiction is labeled as...

  • Social Problems

A Comprehensive Analysis of Dystopian Genre in Literature

Dystopian genre blossomed in literature during the nineteenth century and developed significantly as a critical response and an antithesis to utopian fiction and shows utopia gone awry. The word ‘dystopia’ can be translated from Greek as ‘bad place’ and usually it depicts something a society...

The Variability of Themes in Oscar Wilde's Fiction

Oscar Wilde wrote his melodramatic, light-hearted comedic play, “The Importance of Being Earnest”, and his darker, tragic, allegorical novella, “The Picture of Dorian Gray”, encompassing the thematic content of internal conflict using his “Wildean paradox and humour to ensure readers into confronting their own prejudices...

  • Oscar Wilde

Terror in the Woods: Short Horror Story about Unholy Monster in the Lake

For most years, my husband Alan, his brother Sean and I have enjoyed getting into the great outdoors, which includes a lot of hiking and day fishing, specifically for my brother-in-law who considers himself a sort of authority in fly sport fishing. When we camped...

Feminism In Women's Fiction Of The Late 20Th Century And Starting Of The 21St Century

Kaveri Nambian, who did her FRCS at the Royal College of Surgery in England and who works in the rural place in India, has also emerged as an innovative author in fiction. She at first wrote for women's magazines and for children. Her first fictional...

  • Gender Equality

Girl Protagonists In Anita Nair's The Better Man

It has to be made clear here that in Anita Nair’s fictional works she has presented episodes that delineate the testimonies of girl protagonists. Cambridge Dictionary defines “protagonist” as “ONE of the MAIN characters in a story or a play”. And in Anita Nair‟s novel...

Reflection On Elastic Girl By Olivia Rana

Elastic Girl by Olivia Rana is a heart-wrenching fictional story centered around circus life in India. It touches on many big themes such as the oppression and objectification of women and girls, poverty, sexual exploitation, and the ways in which families scapegoat one another. The...

  • Book Review

The Evaluation Of The Book Alphabet Trucks By Samantha R. Vamos

During the first two practicum data sets, I have learned quite a bit about my learner regarding his current reading skills. Through two read alouds and planned activities, my learner has taught me countless elements of how young children learn and develop literacy skills. For...

Best topics on Fiction

1. Critical Analysis of Emotions That Build Historical Fiction Literature

2. Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale as Dystopian Fiction

3. The Concepts Of Good And Evil In Good Man Is Hard To Find

4. Stereotypes And Identity Of Beneatha In Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin In The Sun

5. Out Of The Wallpaper: The Imagery Of Mentally Ill In Yellow Wallpaper

6. The Theme Of Betrayal And Redemption In The Kite Runner

7. Finding The Meaning Behind The Symbolism In The Yellow Wallpaper

8. Topic Of Equality In Harrison Bergeron

9. Unbroken: The Struggles Of Warriors In Life

10. Gender Roles And Womanhood In Adichie Purple Hibiscus And Emecheta‘s The Bride Price

11. Capturing The Anxiety And Mental Struggles In The Thing Around Your Neck

12. Analysis Of Class Interests In The Garden Party

13. Gender Roles and Victimization Of Women In Adichie’s “Purple Hibiscus”

14. Unbroken And The Tale Of Almost Broken And Hurt People

15. Reflection On Louis Zamperini’s Life In Unbroken

  • Hidden Intellectualism
  • William Shakespeare
  • Sonny's Blues
  • A Place to Stand
  • A Jury of Her Peers

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83 Fiction Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

🏆 best fiction topic ideas & essay examples, 👍 good essay topics on fiction, 💡 most interesting fiction topics to write about.

  • Elements of Modern Fiction Time and realism is a crucial element of modern literature.”Time, in Modernist literature, may take the reader through a day in the life of a narrator, whereas in Realism, the reader is taken into a […]
  • Opening Scene in Pulp Fiction by Quentin Tarantino The purpose of this paper is to discuss the formal, aesthetic, and narrative elements of this scene to make an argument about the significance of the movie as a whole.
  • Growing Popularity of Science Fiction Films in 1950s Most of the science fiction films reflect the socio-political environment in both the US and the rest of the world. Science fiction has presented not only some of the greatest stories in the contemporary literature, […]
  • The Influence of Realism and Naturalism on 20th Century American Fiction. The aim of the modernist writers was not only depiction of life “as it is”, but search of solutions to dilemmas and problems of the society of the 20th century.
  • “Technoculture” Concept in Modern Fiction The first is changes in the scope and uniqueness of the main sectors technology, information, and industry. In sum, the term and concept of “technoculture” reflect the essence of modern society and its overdependence on […]
  • Demystifying the Fiction Movie “The Matrix” The second world is a generic world created by the machines in order to pacify the human being as the machines siphon energy from people by plugging the human beings into an artificial intelligence system […]
  • Greene’s “The Destructors”: Commercial vs. Literary Fiction There is the existence of various obstacles along the chain of events that hamper the processes aligned towards the achievement of the protagonist’s goals. In the whole story, this theme is reflected in the destructors […]
  • Poetry v. Prose: Their Differences and Overlaps Fiction can possibly include the happenings of everyday life and is reliant on the person that narrates the happenings, the manner of its narration, and its composition.
  • Coming-of-Age Fiction: “The Bell Jar” by Sylvia Plath In the opening chapters of the novel, the author introduces the initial situation by illustrating the life of Esther, a college student, working as an intern at a women’s magazine in New York together with […]
  • 20th Century Dystopian Fiction and Today’s Society The author considers the fiction works of that era as an attempt to convey the destructive nature of violence and everything related to injustice.”The tone of dystopia is of despair and the feel it gives […]
  • The Evolution of Dragons in Fantasy Fiction One of the most significant figures among the range of the animals inhabiting the land of fantasy is a dragon, the symbol of wisdom and power.
  • Domestic and Adventure Fiction Domestic and adventure fictions have several characteristics that distinguish them from other types of imaginative writing.”One Crazy Summer” and “Hoot” are some of the most intriguing novels that show the features of domestic and adventure […]
  • The Accuracy of “The Machine Stops” Fiction The machine is a metaphor that represents those at the top of a hierarchy or the government who control people and run all the activities within the system.
  • History & Fiction in the ”Free State of Jones” Film Newton managed to survive until the end of the war, but he was forced to wage the struggle for the civil rights of blacks also in the era of Reconstruction.
  • Solar System Colonization in Science Fiction vs. Reality Mars, also known as the Red Planet, the fourth in the distance from the Sun and the seventh-largest planet in the Solar System, is a favorite destination for colonization of science fiction authors, and the […]
  • Femme Fatale in Hard-boiled Fiction The convention of the femme fatale is of great significance for the noir fiction as far as it can reveal the historical and cultural background of Los Angeles in the 1930s.
  • Genre: Science Fiction Dystopia The western genre is the most common movie genre used to highlight the dominance and development of both American and European cultures and economies to the rest of the world.
  • Concept of Science Fiction Genre in Books “Dark They Were, and Golden-Eyed” by Ray Bradbury, and “Nightfall” by Isaac Asimov Science fiction has found its place among the ‘great’ literatures of the word and hence a contribution in the field of literature. Some of the most sales in literature are in the genre of science […]
  • To Live: a true story or biased fiction? The third episode from the novel to support that Yu Hua is not biased against the nationalist period is that the civil war ended in the victory of the communist ideology.
  • Pulp Fiction: Moral Development of American Life and Interests Quentin Tarantino introduces his Pulp Fiction by means of several scenes which have a certain sequence: proper enlightenment, strong and certain camera movements and shots, focus on some details and complete ignorance of the others, […]
  • Temporal Perspective in Fiction This paper focuses on the perspectives of time in the following books Cat’s Eye by Margaret Atwood, Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf, The Time and the Conways by JB Priestley, and The Dragon by Ray […]
  • The Concept and History of Dystopian Fiction Thus, the goal of this paper is to study the phenomenon of DF based on the examples of Orwell’s and Huxley’s fiction and determine the presence of the themes that overlap with the contemporary social, […]
  • Zadie Smith’s Non-Fiction Writing Style This essay is very emblematic of Smith’s work, which is perhaps the reason that she chose to open her book with it.
  • Social Criticism Work in the Scandinavian Crime Fiction Novels The issue of revenge being a better option in the Swedish society is evident when, at the end of the novel, Blomkvists makes efforts to bring down the executive who worn the lawsuit mentioned at […]
  • Imagery of Rural Injustices in Literature Therefore, the author of the short story has managed to show various rural injustices in the Chinese rural society through the use of themes, styles and characters as discussed in this paper.
  • Elements of Fiction in ”A Good Man Is Hard to Find” by O’Connor For example, the first literary element, the setting, emphasizes the serene and simple beginning of the story. The author wants to show the real face of the character and her treatment of other characters.
  • Is Kafka’s The Metamorphosis Horror Fiction? It also forces readers to rely on their own interpretations and inferences to understand what is happening in the story, adding to the overall sense of uncertainty and ambiguity.
  • Science Fiction Elements in Stories by Asimov, Bradbury, and Vonnegut The events illustrated in stories of the science fiction genre occur in a world that is in many ways different from reality.
  • Analyzing Science Fiction: “Vintage Season” When We Went to See the End of the World is an incredible story that shows the variety of people’s perceptions about their ends of the world.
  • The “Bang Bang Baby” Science Fiction Musical After watching the trailer first, I was surprised by the energetic nature of the music and the characters in the film.
  • A Comic Science Fiction Film “Back to the Future” In addition to the fact that the plot is exciting and adventurous throughout the whole film, the film’s creators raise acute societal problems. In addition, the film is full of references to political and social […]
  • Use of Strangers as Symbolism in American Fiction Symbolism reflects in the stories “Young Goodman Brown,” “A Good Man Is Hard to Find,” and “A&P” through the use of strangers in their plots.
  • The Fiction Character`s PTSD Diagnosis: Rambo According to the American Psychiatric Association, experiencing traumatic events, witnessing the events, learning that a traumatic event occurred to a close person, and is exposed to aversive details of events are the triggers of PTSD.
  • “Pulp Fiction” Film by Tarantino In Pulp Fiction, Tarantino introduces postmodernism into cinema, a form of art in which it will probably get its best manifestation, and one of the main characteristics of postmodern fiction, in general, is the lack […]
  • The Passenger Is One of the Best Science Fiction Movies This twist is certainly not uncommon to the genre, but the ease with which the story flows, and the plot woven together with the main story in In this case is very interesting.
  • “Pulp Fiction” , “Out of Sight”, and “Back to the Future” Analysis For example, such famous and successful films as Pulp Fiction by Quentin Tarantino, Out of Sight by Steven Soderbergh and Back to the Future by Robert Zemeckis present a different approach to the story order […]
  • Commercial and Literary Fiction Analysis The marshal is illustrated as a positive person.”He, the town policeman of Yellow Sky, was a man known, liked, and feared in his community”.
  • Fiction in “The Things They Carried” by Tim O’Brien In the story, the author portrays the inner nature of each of the characters via the symbolic features of the things carried by them.
  • Reasons of Success of Amateur Detective Fiction Authors The essay will analyze the success of amateur detective fiction authors, paying special attention to the narrative voice and character, as well as the interest and complexity of solving a problem.
  • Pulp Fiction (1994): Tarantino’s Mesmeric Thriller Many classical tales and more of these outlooks of classic crime films draw ideas from the hard-edged pool of crime fiction that later on invaded the film industry in the farther side of the United […]
  • Science Fiction Literary Analysis The story takes the reader through an intriguing encounter of human beings with a variety of extraterrestrial beings with the aim of outlining the theme of life.
  • Critical Aspects of Film Pulp Fiction The film begins with two small-time thieves in a diner taking breakfast and then they decide to rob the place, the writer then moves to another story where there are two characters involved, Vincent and […]
  • Empires and Science Fiction In his article “Race, Space and Class: The Politics of the SF Film from Metropolis to Blade Runner”, David Desser had made a perfectly good point while stating: “…the themes and techniques of such films […]
  • Elements of Fiction in Colette’s “The Hand” The author further takes the point of view of a third person character in narrating the story; as he tells the story from an invisible point of view where he is not one of the […]
  • Six-Words Fiction and Memoirs According to Schwarz A six-word fictional story is a work of fiction because it presents unreal facts, while a six-word memoir is a work of non-fiction which presents reality and is able to evoke a certain response in […]
  • Science Fiction in Literature and the Human Condition Since the publication of Darwin’s science of evolution, mankind has been attempting to solve one of the major problems of our age where will this sort of evolution lead the human race and what implications […]
  • Psychology of Biomedical Fiction The chances of giving a more correct description of hospital incidents and the weaving of crimes into medical life cater to the fancies of the public.
  • American Studies: Fan Culture Around Pulp Fiction This paper aims to draw a profile of the fan culture around Pulp Fiction and the different layers of the same.
  • Unhappy Relationships in Hemingway’s Life and Fiction In “The Short and Happy Life of Francis Macomber”, Hemingway reveals his latent fear of strong women and being dominated as he depicts the story of a middle-aged man who is finally beginning to understand […]
  • “Science Fiction” by Roger Luckhust The analysis of this genre focuses on the series of fiction works with the purpose of disclosure of unique qualities of fiction theory. The history of technology and science contributes to the formation of contextual […]
  • The Genre of Science Fiction in Movies In this paper we will analyse “The War of the Worlds”, “Star Wars” and “The Fifth Element”, as movies that reflect the genre of science fiction being transformed from something that used to help people […]
  • The Theme of Death in Fiction-Writing Nevertheless, while it is emotional, having to deal with death, the pain of losing a son, and having to deal with the sympathy of people around them, the story disguised the emotion of the individuals […]
  • “Downsizing” Science Fiction Film by A. Payne J rgen Asbj rnsen, who was the inventor of the downsizing technology and one of the first people to undergo the procedure.
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13.1: Fiction and Drama - types, terms and sample essay

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The main literary forms are Fiction, Drama & Poetry .

Although each of the three major literary genres, fiction, drama, and poetry are different, they have many elements in common. For example, in all three genres, authors make purposeful use of diction (word choice), employ imagery (significant detail) and each piece of literature has its own unique tone (emotional quality). An important element that you will find in all three genres is theme, the larger meaning(s) the reader derives from the poem, story, novel or play.

Each of the literary genres is distinguished by its form: Fiction is written in sentences and paragraphs. Poetry is written in lines and stanzas. Drama is written in dialogue.


As you read different forms of literature you will need to know specialized vocabulary to be able to best understand, interpret, and write about what you are reading. Also, how you approach a literary text and what you focus on will depend on its literary form. For instance, fiction and drama are typically anchored by a reader’s engagement with characters while many poems do not contain a character or tell a story. Therefore, plot is often not a factor in a poem . A poem can be an impression or reflection about a person, a place, an experience or an idea.



Short Stories are usually defined as being between 2000-6000 words long. Most short stories have at least one “rounded” (developed and complex) character and any number of “flat” (less-developed, simpler) characters. Short stories tend to focus on one major source of conflict and often take place within one basic time period.

Novellas generally run between 50-150 pages, halfway between a story and a novel.

Novels don’t have a prescribed length. Because they are a longer form of fiction, an author has more freedom to work with plot and characters, as well as develop sub-plots and move freely through time. Characters can change and develop over the course of time and the theme(s) can be broader and more intricate than in shorter forms of fiction.


Drama Types

Tragedy – generally serious in tone, focusing on a protagonist who experiences an eventual downfall

Comedy – light in tone, employs humor and ends happily

Satire – exaggerated and comic in tone for the purpose of criticism or ridicule

Experimental – can be light or serious in tone. It creates its own style through experimentation with language, characters, plot, etc.

Musical – can be light or serious. The majority of the dialogue is sung rather than spoken.

Drama Structure

Plays are organized into dialogue, scenes and acts. A play can be made up one act or multiple acts. Each act is divided into scenes, in which a character, or characters, come on or off stage and speak their lines. A play can have only one character or many characters. The main character is the protagonist and a character who opposes him/her is the antagonist .

The plots of plays typically follow this pattern:

  • Rising Action – complications the protagonist must face, composed of any number of conflicts and crises
  • Climax – the peak of the rising action and the turning point for the protagonist
  • Falling Action – the movement toward a resolution


Both fiction and drama are typically anchored by plot and character. They also contain literary themes as well as having other elements in common, so we will look at literary terms that can be applied to both of these literary forms.

Fiction and Drama Terms

PLOT: Plot is the unfolding of a dramatic situation; it is what happens in the narrative. Be aware that writers of fiction arrange fictional events into patterns. They select these events carefully, they establish causal relationships among events, and they enliven these events with conflict. Therefore, more accurately defined, plot is a pattern of carefully selected, casually related events that contain conflict. There are two general categories of conflict: internal conflict , takes place within the minds of the characters and external conflict , takes place between individuals or between individuals and the world external to the individuals (the forces of nature, human created objects, and environments). The forces in a conflict are usually embodied by characters, the most relevant being the protagonist , the main character, and the antagonist , the opponent of the protagonist (the antagonist is usually a person but can also be a nonhuman force or even an aspect of the protagonist—his or her tendency toward evil and self-destruction for example). QUESTIONS ABOUT PLOT: What conflicts does it dramatize?

CHARACTERS: There are two broad categories of character development: simple and complex. Simple (or “flat”) characters have only one or two personality traits and are easily recognizable as stereotypes—the shrewish wife, the lazy husband, the egomaniac, etc. Complex (or “rounded”) characters have multiple personality traits and therefore resemble real people. They are much harder to understand and describe than simple characters. No single description or interpretation can fully contain them. For the characters in modern fiction, the hero has often been replaced by the antihero , an ordinary, unglamorous person often confused, frustrated and at odds with modern life. QUESTIONS ABOUT CHARACTERS: What is revealed by the characters and how they are portrayed?

THEME: The theme is an idea or point that is central to a story, which can often be summed up in a word or a few words (e.g. loneliness, fate, oppression, rebirth, coming of age; humans in conflict with technology; nostalgia; the dangers of unchecked power). A story may have several themes. Themes often explore historically common or cross-culturally recognizable ideas, such as ethical questions and commentary on the human condition, and are usually implied rather than stated explicitly.

QUESTIONS ABOUT THEME: To help identify themes ask yourself questions such as these:

SYMBOLISM: In the broadest sense, a symbol is something that represents something else. Words, for example, are symbols. But in literature, a symbol is an object that has meaning beyond itself. The object is concrete and the meanings are abstract. QUESTIONS ABOUT SYMBOLS: Not every work uses symbols, and not every character, incident, or object in a work has symbolic value. You should ask fundamental questions in locating and interpreting symbols:

SETTING: The social mores, values, and customs of the world in which the characters live; the physical world; and the time of the action, including historical circumstances.

TONE: The narrator’s predominant attitude toward the subject, whether that subject is a particular setting, an event, a character, or an idea.

POINT OF VIEW: The author’s relationship to his or her fictional world, especially to the minds of the characters. Put another way, point of view is the position from which the story is told. There are four common points of view:

  • Omniscient point of view —the author tells the story and assumes complete knowledge of the characters’ actions and thoughts.
  • Limited omniscient point of view —the author still narrates the story but restricts his or her revelation—and therefore our knowledge—to the thoughts of just one character.
  • First person point of view —one of the characters tells the story, eliminating the author as narrator. The narration is restricted to what one character says he or she observes.
  • Objective point of view —the author is the narrator but does not enter the minds of any of the characters. The writer sees them (and lets us see them) as we would in real life.

FORESHADOWING: The anticipation of something, which will happen later. It is often done subtlety with symbols or other indirect devices. We have to use inferential thinking to identify foreshadowing in some stories, and often it occurs on an almost emotional level as we're reading, leading us further into the heart of the story.

EXPOSITION : The opening portion of a story that sets the scene, introduces characters and gives background information we may need to understand the story.

INTERIOR MONOLOGUE : An extended exploration of one character's thoughts told from the inside but as if spoken out loud for the reader to overhear.

STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS: A style of presenting thoughts and sense impressions in a lifelike fashion, the way thoughts move freely through the mind, often chaotic or dreamlike.

IRONY: Generally irony makes visible a contrast between appearance and reality. More fully and specifically, it exposes and underscores a contrast between (1) what is and what seems to be, (2) between what is and what ought to be, (3) between what is and what one wishes to be, (4) and between what is and what one expects to be. Incongruity is the method of irony; opposites come suddenly together so that the disparity is obvious.

CLIMAX: The moment of greatest tension when a problem or complication may be resolved or, at least, confronted.

RESolution, CONCLUSION or DENOUEMENT ("untying of the knot"): Brings the problem to some sort of finality, not necessarily a happy ending, but a resolution.

Using the literary vocabulary and questions, let’s analyze a literary text.

Read the memoir, “Learning to Read,” by Jessica Powers which can be located in Chapter 1: Critical Reading in the “Faculty-Written Texts” section. Powers employs many of the elements of fiction in this autobiographical piece. When you have finished reading, answer the questions below.

Questions about plot :

  • What is the main conflict in the story?
  • What causes the conflict?
  • Is the conflict external or internal?
  • What is the turning point in the story?
  • How is the main conflict resolved?

Questions about character:

  • Is the main character simple or complex? Explain.
  • What are the traits of the main character? Make a list.
  • Does the main character change? Describe.
  • What steps does she go through to change? Make a list.
  • What does she learn? Describe.
  • Does the main character experience an epiphany? Describe.

Questions about theme:

  • What does the story show us about human behavior?
  • Are there moral issues raised by the story? Describe.
  • What does the story tell us about why people change?

Example A sample essay written on fiction (a short story)

Last Name 1

Student Name

Professor name

English 110

Women, Are You Living for Yourself or for a Man?

A woman in her 40s who never marries or has children is often met with concern, suspicion or pity and there is even a pejorative word for her, "spinster." In contrast, a man in his 40s who never marries or has children is often viewed positively as a bachelor or a playboy or simply as a free man. This double standard forces many women to live for others first and themselves second, something a man is never asked to do. This was especially true in the early 1900s when women were discouraged from having careers outside of the home and were encouraged to have their primary focus in life be caring for their husband, children and home. Mary E. Wilkins Freeman the author of the short story "A New England Nun," presented women from this era with a story of a woman who rebels against the usual adherence to duty, submission, and self-sacrifice. Through the story of her main character Louisa, Freeman offers an alternative to the role American society had expected women to play. Freeman proves there are advantages to be had for women who break the bonds of socially created gender roles by declining to get married and have children, and instead create a life entirely their own, one in which they are not tied down by the needs of others and advantageously avoid the negative influence brought on by the judgement and expectations of a man.

Although Louisa's engagement promised security and stability, it is immediately clear that the return of Louisa's long-awaited fiance threatens to destabilize the ordered and serene life she had created for herself. Because her finace Joe Dagget had to work overseas for 14 years, Louisa had a taste of something not many women of her time experienced, socially approved independence. During this time, Louisa became quite content with her solitary life. Louisa developed a passion for caring for her home and did chores because it pleased her, which is a far cry from the feelings most women in that era experienced in caring for a house, husband and children. Upon her fiance's return, the presence of masculinity upsets the ideal environment Louisa had established in her life and Freeman illustrates this when the couple's first reunion ends in chaos. As Joe is leaving Louisa's house, he stumbles over a rug which knocks over her basket of sewing supplies, and as the yarn spools helplessly unravel across the floor Louisa says stiffly to Joe, "Never mind, I'll pick them up after you're gone" (65). As her yarn unravels, Louisa gets a preview of what Joe's presence will do to her life. Louisa's meticulous care for her home and her appreciation for cleanliness and order shows that having a place of her own and maintaining her preferred surroundings gave her a sense of price and placed power and control over her life in her own hands.

Another way marriage threatens Louisa is that it would make her dependent. A stipulation for marriage during the early 20th century that would have had a devastating impact on Louisa's life was that all her treasured possessions would legally become her husband's property. Louisa discovered many of her passions whilst living independently. Among those were her china set that she used daily, her photo albums, her books, her sewing supplies that she grew to call good friends, her dog Caesar, and most of all her home. In addition to the transfer of possessions following matrimony, women also no longer had control over what they did with their time. In Louisa's case, she would be forced to become a servant of both her new husband, his mother, and their future children. Her time would no longer be her own as she would become the cook, laundress, seamstress, and caretaker for others. The independence that Louisa cherished would be replaced with servitude, duty, and dependence on a man she barely knew.

The predominate message for women, yet not for men, is that their lives will be incomplete, empty, and without purpose if they do not marry and have children, trapping some women in miserable lives. Without socially accepted alternatives, some women get married and have children who would be better off doing neither. Shouldn't a person want to take on the challenging task of caring for others rather than producing more unhappy marriages and checked out parents who feel distanced from and resentful of their children? The pressures, however, on women to marry and have children back then persist today, and this needs to change. The ending that Freeman created in her story proposes that some women should choose to live for themselves. After Louisa breaks off her engagement, she sees the endless possibilities for her future, "She gazed ahead, through a long reach of future days strung together like pearls on a rosary, every one like the others, and all smooth and flawless and innocent, and her heart went up in thankfulness" (71). At this point, Louisa is no longer marrying Joe, but she does not perceive life without love or intimacy as any terrible loss. Instead, she sees a life full of freedom and potential.

We mustn't continue to limit the potential of women by making them conform to limited gender roles. An article written by the UN Women's Secretary General for International Women's Day 2017 claims that, "Around the world, tradition, cultural values and religion are being misused to curtail women's rights, to entrench sexism and defend misogynistic practices." Even though women in the 21st century have deviated from being dependent on the financial stability provided by a man, conventional views continue to limit their growth by assigning them to feminine type jobs and denying them leadership positions. In addition to Inequality in the workplace, women are often juggling both work-life and domestic-life. Louisa's story stresses the importance of being a strong woman in a restrictive society and emphasizes the previous rewards that are yours to possess when you alter your path based on your own decisions. The worth of a women should not be judged by marriage and children because the worth of man certainly is not.

Works Citied

Freeman Wilkins, Mary E. "A New England Nun." Great Short Stories by American Women, edited by

Candace Ward, Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, 1996, pp. 61-71.

Guterres, Antonio. "UN Secretary-General's Message for International Women's day." UN Women, 6

Mar. 2017, http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stori...omens-day-2017 .

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Plot is what happens in a story, but action itself doesn’t constitute plot. Plot is created by the manner in which the writer arranges and organizes particular actions in a meaningful way. It’s useful to think of plot as a chain reaction, where a sequence of events causes other events to happen.

When reading a work of fiction, keep in mind that the author has selected one line of action from the countless possibilities of action available to her. Trying to understand why the author chose a particular line of action over another leads to a better understanding of how plot is working in a story

This does not mean that events happen in chronological order; the author may present a line of action that happens after the story’s conclusion, or she may present the reader with a line of action that is still to be determined. Authors can’t present all the details related to an action, so certain details are brought to the forefront, while others are omitted.

The author imbues the story with meaning by a selection of detail. The cause-and-effect connection between one event and another should be logical and believable, because the reader will lose interest if the relation between events don’t seem significant. As Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren wrote in Understanding Fiction , fiction is interpretive: “Every story must indicate some basis for the relation among its parts, for the story itself is a particular writer’s way of saying how you can make sense of human experience.”

If a sequence of events is merely reflexive, then plot hasn’t come into play. Plot occurs when the writer examines human reactions to situations that are always changing. How does love, longing, regret and ambition play out in a story? It depends on the character the writer has created.

Because plot depends on character, plot is what the character does. Plot also fluctuates, so that something is settled or thrown off balance in the end, or both. Traditionally, a story begins with some kind of description that then leads to a complication. The complication leads up to a crisis point where something must change. This is the penultimate part of the story, before the climax, or the most heightened moment of a story.

In some stories, the climax is followed by a denouement, or resolution of the climax. Making events significant in plot begins with establishing a strong logic that connects the events. Insofar as plot reveals some kind of human value or some idea about the meaning of experience, plot is related to theme.

Character can’t be separated from action, since we come to understand a character by what she does. In stories, characters drive the plot. The plot depends on the characters' situations and how they respond to it. The actions that occur in the plot are only believable if the character is believable. For most traditional fiction, characters are divided into the following categories:

  • Protagonist : the main or central character or hero (Harry Potter)
  • Antagonist : opponent or enemy of the protagonist (Dark Lord Voldemort)
  • Foil Character : a character(s) who helps readers better understand another character, usually the protagonist. For example in the Harry Potter series, Hermione and Ron are Harry's friends, but they also help readers better understand the protagonist, Harry. Ron and Hermione represent personalities that in many ways are opposites - Ron is a bit lazy and insecure; Hermione is driven and confident. Harry exists in the middle, thus illustrating his inner conflict and immaturity at the beginning of the book series.

Because character is so important to plot and fiction, it’s important for the writer to understand her characters as much as possible. Though the writer should know everything there is to know about her character, she should present her knowledge of the characters indirectly, through dialogue and action. Still, sometimes a summary of a character’s traits needs to be given. For example, for characters who play the supporting cast in a story, direct description of the character’s traits keeps the story from slowing down.

Beginning and intermediate level writers frequently settle for creating types, rather than highly individualized, credible characters. Be wary of creating a character who is a Loser With A Good Heart, The Working Class Man Who Is Trapped By Tough Guy Attitudes, The Lonely Old Lady With A Dog, etc. At the same time, keep in mind that all good characters are, in a sense, types.

Often, in creative writing workshops from beginning to advanced levels, the instructor asks, “Whose story is this?” This is because character is the most important aspect of fiction. In an intermediate level workshop, it would be more useful to introduce a story in which it is more difficult to pick out the main character from the line-up. It provides an opportunity for intermediate level fiction writers to really explore character and the factors that determine what is at stake, and for whom.

Conflict depends on character, because readers are interested in the outcomes of people’s lives, but may be less interested in what’s at stake for a corporation, a bank, or an organization. Characters in conflict with one another make up fiction. Hypothetically, a character can come into conflict with an external force, like poverty, or a fire. But there is simply more opportunity to explore the depth and profundity in relationships between people, because people are so complex that conflict between characters often gets blurred with a character’s conflict with herself

The short story, as in all literary forms, including poetry and creative nonfiction, depends on the parts of the poem or story or essay making some kind of sense as a whole. The best example in fiction is character. The various aspects of a character should add up to some kind of meaningful, larger understanding of the character. If the various aspects of a character don’t add up, the character isn’t believable. This doesn’t mean that your characters have to be sensible. Your characters may have no common sense at all, but we have to understand the character and why she is that way. The character’s motives and actions have to add up, however conflicted, marginalized or irrational they may be.

Fiction - Free Essay Examples And Topic Ideas

Fiction refers to literature created from the imagination, not based on fact. Essays on fiction might explore various genres, the elements of storytelling, or the ways fiction can reflect or challenge societal norms. Other topics might include the analysis of narrative techniques, the history and evolution of fiction, or the impact of fiction on cultural or individual perception. Essays could also delve into discussions on the boundary between fiction and reality, or the role of fiction in philosophical or ethical debates. We have collected a large number of free essay examples about Fiction you can find at PapersOwl Website. You can use our samples for inspiration to write your own essay, research paper, or just to explore a new topic for yourself.

Is the Great Gatsby Historical Fiction?

Historical information about the period of publication: The Great Gatsby was published in the twenties and the book takes place in the twenties. In the 1920's Jazz was upcoming and very popular. Jazz clubs were very popular, and many people would come in some pretty cool outfits. Also in 1920 the 19th amendment was ratified and gave women the right to vote. In 1928 Hoover is elected president and creates the slogan a chicken in every pot, a car in […]

Global Warming: Fact or Fiction

Introduction: Global Warming is the theory that the atmosphere of the earth is gradually increasing as a result of the increase in levels of greenhouse gases and pollutants being released. Since the Industrial Revolution, Earth's global average temperature has increased by 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (The World Counts, 2014). There are generally two opinions regarding the argument of global warming: those who believe it is occurring and those who do not. People who believe in the issue back their opinions up […]

Medieval Romance “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”

Medieval romance is a type of literature first made popular in the 12th century by various medieval writers. These works were often characterized by a strong idealization of the code of chivalry and the main heroic protagonist, along with supernatural elements, creativity, a fairytale setting, a simple plot often revolving around some sort of quest, and other similar items. Based on this understanding of the genre, "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" can be considered a prime, perfect example of […]

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Dystopian Science Fiction Film “The Hunger Games”

The Hunger Games is a dystopian science fiction film based on Susan Collins novel of the same name. I love this film because it is set in a scary futuristic fantasy world. Directed by Gary Ross, The Hunger Games film has a leading strong female character that raises above all odds. The films main characters are Jennifer Lawrence who plays Katniss Everdeen and Josh Hutcherson who plays Peeta Mellark. The film is set inside the Panem country consisting of 12 […]

George Orwell’s Fiction Novel 1984

With new technology and advanced programs, the government is gaining more power than one may realize. George Orwell’s fiction novel 1984, depicts Oceania’s control upon it’s party members thoughts and freedom showcasing the harsh effects that it had on its population. Too much control can often lead to social repression, Winston being a product of this repressed society. The cruelty Winston is faced with serves as both a motivation for him throughout the novel and reveals many hidden traits about […]

Point of View in the Odyssey and Margaret Atwood’s “Siren Song”

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Fiction Story “The Hunger Games”

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Symbols and their Meanings in “Heart of Darkness”

Symbols are a common literary device used by authors. Some authors use symbols to make the readers think and find the deeper meanings. Other authors use symbols to help tie together different parts of the story. In Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad many symbols are shown to the readers throughout the literary work. Three of the major symbols the author uses in this book are the color black, the color white, and buzzing flies. In the book Heart of […]

“Dragos Tenter” Fiction Paper

The Oscars, the Emmys and the Tonys are awards given to the best of the arts. Literature is an inspiration for TV programs and Broadway plays. There are four nominees for the Best American short story of all time. The nominees are “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway, “Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin and “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The winner is “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman […]

Gender Wage Gap: Fact or Fiction?

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Essay the House on Mango Street

A twelve year old girl named Esperanza is the main character of the the “House On Mango Street.” Esperanza was a shy but very smart girl, she dreamed of the perfect house to live with her family. She wanted this because her parents told her about a nice house that they will get if they win a lottery and it was a story that her mom told her before she goes to sleep. Throughout the novel cisneros displayed many use […]

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Flowers for Algernon: a Thought-Provoking Odyssey into the Depths of Human Potential and Ethical Conundrums in Science Fiction

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Resilience and Magic Unveiled: Cinderella’s Fiction Enduring Cinematic Legacy

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Exploring Historical Fiction: ‘Al Capone does my Shirts’ and its Narrative Depth

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Unspoken Justice in Fiction: Analyzing ‘A Jury of her Peers’

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Fiction and Heartache: Delving into the Plot of Madame Butterfly

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“The Sign of the Beaver”: a Fiction about Survival and Cultural Exchange

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Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Short Stories

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Summary of the Main Fiction Books

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How to Write an Essay About Fiction

Understanding the elements of fiction.

Before writing an essay about a work of fiction, it is essential to understand the fundamental elements that make up a fictional piece. Fiction, in its various forms such as novels, short stories, or novellas, is narrative writing drawn from the author's imagination. Start your essay by discussing the key elements of fiction: plot, character, setting, point of view, theme, and style. Explain how these elements work together to create a cohesive and engaging story. It's also important to consider the historical and cultural context in which the work was written, as this often influences the themes and perspectives presented in the story.

Developing a Thesis Statement

A strong essay on a work of fiction should be centered around a clear, concise thesis statement. This statement should present a specific viewpoint or argument about the piece. For example, you might analyze the development of a central character, explore the significance of the setting in shaping the story, or interpret the underlying themes and their relevance to contemporary issues. Your thesis will guide the direction of your essay and provide a structured approach to your analysis.

Gathering Textual Evidence

To support your thesis, it's crucial to gather evidence directly from the text. This involves close reading of the work to find significant quotes, passages, and examples that align with your thesis. If discussing a theme, identify parts of the text that illustrate this theme. If analyzing a character, choose examples of actions or dialogues that reveal something significant about that character. This evidence strengthens your argument and shows your deep engagement with the text.

Analyzing Literary Techniques and Themes

Dedicate a section of your essay to analyzing the author's use of literary techniques and how they contribute to the themes or overall impact of the story. Discuss the author’s style, use of symbolism, narrative techniques, and character development. For example, if examining a novel, you might explore how the author's use of descriptive language creates vivid imagery or how the narrative structure contributes to the development of the plot. This analysis demonstrates your understanding of literary techniques and their function within the story.

Concluding the Essay

Conclude your essay by summarizing your main points and restating your thesis in light of the discussion. Your conclusion should bring together your insights into the work of fiction, emphasizing the significance of your findings. This is also an opportunity to reflect on the broader implications of the story, such as its impact on literature or its relevance to readers today.

Reviewing and Refining Your Essay

After completing your essay, review and refine it for clarity and coherence. Ensure that your arguments are well-structured and supported by textual evidence. Check for grammatical accuracy and ensure that your essay flows logically from one point to the next. Consider seeking feedback from peers, teachers, or literary enthusiasts to further improve your essay. A well-crafted essay on a work of fiction not only showcases your understanding of the text but also your ability to critically analyze and discuss literary works.

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Can an Essay be Fiction: How to write Fictional Story with Examples

example essay of fictional story

How to Write Fiction Essays

If you are pursuing a degree, an essay is a very important part of your studies. Primarily, it helps to improve your understanding by pushing you to seek more clarification on ideas and information.

By digging deep into the right source material for your essay, you are able to understand the ideas involved in the process of learning.  

example essay of fictional story

Secondly, essays help to polish the writing skills of a student. In the end, you will be able to organize your thoughts and have creative thinking. Also, essay writing can improve the logical thinking of a student.

Can an Essay be Fiction?

An essay can be fiction if the content of the essay or the events it describes are not true in real life. Essays can be fictitious if the instructions require them to be own compositions and not real narration. Therefore, in a fictional essay, the writer needs to have great imagination and creativity skills so as to capture the attention of the audience.


A fiction essay involves imaginative creation. If you are writing this type of essay, your creative thoughts have to put together imaginary descriptions, events, and characters into writing.

You introduce to the reader through your piece of writing the fictional fantasy world

Since the story you are telling is not factual, the author has to devise means of making it engaging and interesting to the reader.

You have to identify a story and then imagine and analyze the plot, characters, and dialogues involved.

Fiction essays need an introduction of the theme to discuss. The introduction should also consist of a preview of devices to feature in the narration.

a fiction writing set-up

The essay implores the use of direct quotes that demonstrate how the devices in the essay are being elaborated by the writer.

Below are tricks on how to write a good fiction essay:

  • The author ought to have a clear understanding and interpretation of the work. If a book is your source of inspiration, flip back to establish what interests you.
  • Topic selection is arguably the most important part. It determines whether you will be able to come up with an interesting essay. As such, ensure you identify good topics then narrow down to remain with a topic that you can easily gather all the details.
  • Proceed to establish a working thesis in line with the topic evidence you have gathered. After this, put down all ideas in a list with inspiration from the narrator’s remarks and interpretations. You can also get more inspiration from the characters in the book. It is important to understand elements such as setting, plot, point of view, and character as it helps the writer to gather more evidence.
  • The evidence gathered for writing a fiction essay should feature facts that are closely related to the thesis statement selected by the writer. The best step if you want to have an easy time is to select evidence that has a large amount of content.
  • Now that you are more familiar with the topic to write, revisit your working thesis and make sure it is matching your topic.
  • At this stage, you have a clear thesis signaling the ideal time to organize your evidence. Put all the details together and identify all the possible claims that will feature in your fiction essay writing. Claims you include in your essay such as the conclusion should be strictly related to the evidence and be supportive of your thesis.
  • Readers of fiction essays need clarity and easy choice of words for a better understanding. For this reason, confirm that your essay paper is not burdened with evidence from your story. Whenever there is a reference to a story, its significance in your essay should be explained in the writer’s own words.

Through these fiction essay writing strategies, your work will be simplified. You can come up with a fiction essay that is specific and simple to understand.

All the aspects of evidence gathered can make your writing more resonant and resounding. Gradually, you can master the art of fiction writing and be able to write captivating essays that no reader will want to miss.

Differences between Fiction Essays and Other Essays

The main difference that distinguishes the two is that fiction essays do not have real events but the other type of essays usually discusses true events. Below are some of the factors that distinguish these essays:

Fiction writing vs other writing

  • Fiction essays are subjective in nature while the other type of essay is objective.
  • In fiction type of writing, the reader has the responsibility of closely following and comprehending the presented theme. However, in other essays, it is the author who must give a direct presentation of the message.
  • In most cases, you write fiction essays for the purpose of entertaining readers whereas other essays are to educate and inform the audience about a specific subject.
  • References in fiction essay writing are not a must but in the other types of essays, they must be provided so as to enhance the credibility of the writing.
  • A fiction essay is based on the perspective of the narrator or the main character that is being described. However, non-fiction essays are written from the perspective of the writer.
  • As a fiction essay writer, you will enjoy the advantage of flexibility. You can navigate your story in any direction that will make your piece more exciting. This is simply because you are dealing with events that are not true. On the other hand, non-fiction essay writers do not have this freedom because they have to give only real and true information.
  • In a fiction essay, you hide the theme and the audience has to follow keenly in order to understand. As a matter of fact, readers can have different interpretations of the essay depending on their understanding. Other types of essays are written with only one interpretation.
  • Fiction writing is purely subjective. Before completing the write-up, the writer has the choice of adding his own perspective and opinion. Moreover, the characters, setting, and plot can be further elaborated by the writer as long as it fits his imagination.
  • In the other category of essays, you cannot add your opinion because your presentation ought to be fact-based and straightforward. This condition does not have any room for a writer’s own imagination.

In the end, it is clear that fiction essays are utterly the opposite of the other type of essays. Fiction essays provide the reader with an avenue to break away from a boring day and get into a dreamland full of sheer imagination. As a reader, if you want to learn more, non-fiction essays will suit you.

9 Examples Fiction Essay of Topic Ideas

1. The evolution of dragons, a symbol of power

2. Dystopian fiction for the young

3. Swifter than light travel science fiction

4. Theme of death

5. Witchcraft fiction

6. The British Empire adventure       

7. Global warming fiction

8. A city getting ready for a heavy storm

9. Living in a remote village full of wild animals

There exist thousands of concepts you can base your essay on but these are some good ideas that can get you started on your fiction essay writing.

As a student progresses from elementary school going to college, the type of fiction writing metamorphoses from a simple one to a more complicated and in-depth style of writing . In elementary and middle schools, writing these essays is not complicated.

In essence, the writing focuses on essay progression and its plot. When they advance to high school and college, characters and emotions are the main focus. High school and college fictional essays have higher stakes.

James Lotta

James Lotta

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example essay of fictional story

25 Great Nonfiction Essays You Can Read Online for Free

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Alison Doherty

Alison Doherty is a writing teacher and part time assistant professor living in Brooklyn, New York. She has an MFA from The New School in writing for children and teenagers. She loves writing about books on the Internet, listening to audiobooks on the subway, and reading anything with a twisty plot or a happily ever after.

View All posts by Alison Doherty

I love reading books of nonfiction essays and memoirs , but sometimes have a hard time committing to a whole book. This is especially true if I don’t know the author. But reading nonfiction essays online is a quick way to learn which authors you like. Also, reading nonfiction essays can help you learn more about different topics and experiences.

Besides essays on Book Riot,  I love looking for essays on The New Yorker , The Atlantic , The Rumpus , and Electric Literature . But there are great nonfiction essays available for free all over the Internet. From contemporary to classic writers and personal essays to researched ones—here are 25 of my favorite nonfiction essays you can read today.

example essay of fictional story

“Beware of Feminist Lite” by  Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

The author of We Should All Be Feminists  writes a short essay explaining the danger of believing men and woman are equal only under certain conditions.

“It’s Silly to Be Frightened of Being Dead” by Diana Athill

A 96-year-old woman discusses her shifting attitude towards death from her childhood in the 1920s when death was a taboo subject, to World War 2 until the present day.

“Letter from a Region in my Mind” by James Baldwin

There are many moving and important essays by James Baldwin . This one uses the lens of religion to explore the Black American experience and sexuality. Baldwin describes his move from being a teenage preacher to not believing in god. Then he recounts his meeting with the prominent Nation of Islam member Elijah Muhammad.

“Relations” by Eula Biss

Biss uses the story of a white woman giving birth to a Black baby that was mistakenly implanted during a fertility treatment to explore racial identities and segregation in society as a whole and in her own interracial family.

“Friday Night Lights” by Buzz Bissinger

A comprehensive deep dive into the world of high school football in a small West Texas town.

“The Case for Reparations” by Ta-Nehisi Coates

Coates examines the lingering and continuing affects of slavery on  American society and makes a compelling case for the descendants of slaves being offered reparations from the government.

“Why I Write” by Joan Didion

This is one of the most iconic nonfiction essays about writing. Didion describes the reasons she became a writer, her process, and her journey to doing what she loves professionally.

“Go Gentle Into That Good Night” by Roger Ebert

With knowledge of his own death, the famous film critic ponders questions of mortality while also giving readers a pep talk for how to embrace life fully.

“My Mother’s Tongue” by Zavi Kang Engles

In this personal essay, Engles celebrates the close relationship she had with her mother and laments losing her Korean fluency.

“My Life as an Heiress” by Nora Ephron

As she’s writing an important script, Ephron imagines her life as a newly wealthy woman when she finds out an uncle left her an inheritance. But she doesn’t know exactly what that inheritance is.

“My FatheR Spent 30 Years in Prison. Now He’s Out.” by Ashley C. Ford

Ford describes the experience of getting to know her father after he’s been in prison for almost all of her life. Bridging the distance in their knowledge of technology becomes a significant—and at times humorous—step in rebuilding their relationship.

“Bad Feminist” by Roxane Gay

There’s a reason Gay named her bestselling essay collection after this story. It’s a witty, sharp, and relatable look at what it means to call yourself a feminist.

“The Empathy Exams” by Leslie Jamison

Jamison discusses her job as a medical actor helping to train medical students to improve their empathy and uses this frame to tell the story of one winter in college when she had an abortion and heart surgery.

“What I Learned from a Fitting Room Disaster About Clothes and Life” by Scaachi Koul

One woman describes her history with difficult fitting room experiences culminating in one catastrophe that will change the way she hopes to identify herself through clothes.

“Breasts: the Odd Couple” by Una LaMarche

LaMarche examines her changing feelings about her own differently sized breasts.

“How I Broke, and Botched, the Brandon Teena Story” by Donna Minkowitz

A journalist looks back at her own biased reporting on a news story about the sexual assault and murder of a trans man in 1993. Minkowitz examines how ideas of gender and sexuality have changed since she reported the story, along with how her own lesbian identity influenced her opinions about the crime.

“Politics and the English Language” by George Orwell

In this famous essay, Orwell bemoans how politics have corrupted the English language by making it more vague, confusing, and boring.

“Letting Go” by David Sedaris

The famously funny personal essay author , writes about a distinctly unfunny topic of tobacco addiction and his own journey as a smoker. It is (predictably) hilarious.

“Joy” by Zadie Smith

Smith explores the difference between pleasure and joy by closely examining moments of both, including eating a delicious egg sandwich, taking drugs at a concert, and falling in love.

“Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan

Tan tells the story of how her mother’s way of speaking English as an immigrant from China changed the way people viewed her intelligence.

“Consider the Lobster” by David Foster Wallace

The prolific nonfiction essay and fiction writer  travels to the Maine Lobster Festival to write a piece for Gourmet Magazine. With his signature footnotes, Wallace turns this experience into a deep exploration on what constitutes consciousness.

“I Am Not Pocahontas” by Elissa Washuta

Washuta looks at her own contemporary Native American identity through the lens of stereotypical depictions from 1990s films.

“Once More to the Lake” by E.B. White

E.B. White didn’t just write books like Charlotte’s Web and The Elements of Style . He also was a brilliant essayist. This nature essay explores the theme of fatherhood against the backdrop of a lake within the forests of Maine.

“Pell-Mell” by Tom Wolfe

The inventor of “new journalism” writes about the creation of an American idea by telling the story of Thomas Jefferson snubbing a European Ambassador.

“The Death of the Moth” by Virginia Woolf

In this nonfiction essay, Wolf describes a moth dying on her window pane. She uses the story as a way to ruminate on the lager theme of the meaning of life and death.

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10 of the Best Very Short Stories That Can Be Read Online

By Dr Oliver Tearle (Loughborough University)

One very short story – often attributed to Ernest Hemingway but actually the work of another writer – is just six words long: ‘For sale: baby shoes, never worn’. And some of the greatest fiction-writers of the last two centuries have written memorable short stories which stretch to little more than a few pages: short enough to be read in a coffee break.

Below, we introduce ten classic short stories – very short stories – from some of the finest authors in the literary canon. All of the stories can be read online: follow the links provided to read them.

1. Anton Chekhov, ‘ The Student ’.

A key device in many Chekhov short stories is the epiphany : a sudden realisation or moment of enlightenment experienced by one of the story’s characters, usually the protagonist. In many ways, the epiphany can be said to perform a similar function to the plot twist or revelation at the end of a more traditional (i.e., plot-driven) short story.

In ‘The Student’, one of Chekhov’s shortest stories, a young seminary is travelling home on Good Friday. He meets two women, a mother and her daughter who have both been widowed, and joins them around their fire, and the conversation turns to the Gospels, since it is Easter.

The student begins telling them about the story of Peter’s denial of Jesus, and this tale reawakens painful memories in the two women. Here, the emphasis is more on character and emotion than plot and incident, as we discuss in our analysis of the story .

2. Kate Chopin, ‘ The Story of an Hour ’.

Some short stories can say all they need to do in just a few pages, and Kate Chopin’s three-page 1894 story ‘The Story of an Hour’ (sometimes known as ‘The Dream of an Hour’) is a classic example. Yet those three pages remain tantalisingly ambiguous, perhaps because so little is said, so much merely hinted at.

Chopin’s short story is a subtle, studied analysis of death, marriage, and personal wishes. Written in April 1894 and originally published in Vogue in December of that year, the story focuses on an hour in the life of a married woman who has just learnt that her husband has apparently died.

We have analysed this story here .

3. Saki, ‘ The Lumber-Room ’.

Saki, born Hector Hugh Munro, is one of the wittiest short-story writers in English, a missing link between Wilde and Wodehouse. Yet he remains undervalued.

‘The Lumber Room’ is a classic short story about a child who is too clever for the adults: a mischievous boy, Nicholas, seeks to outwit his aunt so he can gain access to the lumber-room with its hidden treasures and curiosities. The story is also about the nature of obedience and the limited view of the world adults have, when contrasted with the child’s more expansive and imaginative outlook.

We have analysed this wonderful story here .

4. Virginia Woolf, ‘ A Haunted House ’.

In the pioneering short stories Woolf wrote in the period from around 1917 until 1921, she not only developed her own ‘modernist’ voice but also offered a commentary on other literary forms and styles.

This two-page story is a good example: we find a woman living in a house which is apparently haunted by a ghostly couple. The story that emerges is less frightening than it is touching, and as much romance as horror, as Woolf provides a modernist, stream-of-consciousness take on the conventional ghost story, all in a brief vignette of around 600 words.

We have analysed the story here .

5. Franz Kafka, ‘ Before the Law ’.

This is a very short story or parable by the German-language Bohemian (now Czech) author Franz Kafka (1883-1924). It was published in 1915 and later included in Kafka’s (posthumously published) novel The Trial , where its meaning is discussed by the protagonist Josef K. and a priest he meets in a cathedral. ‘Before the Law’ has inspired numerous critical interpretations and prompted many a debate, in its turn, about what it means.

A man approaches a doorkeeper and asks to be admitted to ‘the law’. The doorkeeper tells him he cannot grant him access, but that it may be possible to admit the man later. We won’t say what happens next, but the parable is typically Kafkaesque – in so far as anything else – in its comic absurdism and depiction of the futility of human endeavour. The story is often interpreted as a tale about religion.

We discuss the story in more depth in our summary and analysis of it.

6. Katherine Mansfield, ‘ Miss Brill ’.

‘Miss Brill’ is a short story by the New-Zealand-born modernist writer Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923), published in the Athenaeum in 1920 and then included in Mansfield’s 1922 collection The Garden Party and Other Stories .

Every Sunday, a lady named Miss Brill goes to the local public gardens to hear the band play and to sit in the gardens and people-watch. On the particular Sunday that is the focus of the story, the unmarried Miss Brill comes to realise that she, and all of the other people gathered in the gardens, appear to be in a sort of play. But when she overhears a young couple making apparently disparaging remarks about her, she appears to undergo an epiphany …

We discuss the story in more detail in our analysis of it.

7. Ernest Hemingway, ‘ Cat in the Rain ’.

This short tale was published in Hemingway’s early 1925 collection In Our Time ; he wrote ‘Cat in the Rain’ for his wife Hadley while they were living in Paris. She wanted to get a cat, but he said they were too poor.

‘Cat in the Rain’ was supposedly inspired by a specific event in 1923 when, while staying at the home of Ezra Pound (a famous cat-lover) in Rapallo, Italy, Hadley befriended a stray kitten. We find a woman in a hotel seeking to rescue a cat she spots in the rain outside, but the story takes in deeper longings, too.

We have offered an analysis of this story in a separate post.

8. Jorge Luis Borges, ‘ The Lottery in Babylon ’.

The Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges is one of the great short-fiction writers of the twentieth century, and many of his classic tales stretch to just a few pages.

‘The Lottery in Babylon’, first published in 1941, is among his most ‘Kafkaesque’ tales. When he wrote the story, Borges was working a rather unfulfilling library job refilling the bookshelves, and ‘The Lottery in Babylon’ reflects the sense of futility in all human endeavour which Borges was feeling at this time. We are told of a lottery in the (fictional) land of Babylon, which becomes compulsory, and which delivers both rewards and punishments to its lucky (or unlucky) participants. Although Borges’ story is satirical and humorous, it also taps into the horrific realities of totalitarian regimes.

Find out more about this story by reading our analysis of it .

9. Lydia Davis, ‘ On the Train ’.

Very few stories in The Collected Stories of Lydia Davis are longer than a few pages, and many are a single page, like prose haiku or short vignettes. Her stories are usually less about narrative and more about observation, seemingly insignificant details, and a refusal to sentimentalise. Indeed, her stories are almost clinical in their precision and emotional tautness.

We’ve opted for ‘On the Train’ as it’s one of the few Davis stories available online via the link above, but we could have chosen any number of short stories from the collected edition mentioned above. Highly recommended.

10. David Foster Wallace, ‘ A Radically Condensed History of Postindustrial Life ’.

This is the shortest story on this list. Published on ‘page zero’ of Wallace’s 2000 collection Brief Interviews with Hideous Men , it is another vignette, about how the way we behave is ultimately motivated by our longing to be liked by others.

The rise of social media has only brought home even more clearly what Wallace brilliantly and wittily reveals here: that much of our behaviour is purely performative, with the individual having lost any sense of authenticity or true identity.

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Home / Essay Samples / Literature / Literary Genres / Fiction

Fiction Essay Examples

The meaning of grotesque in winesburg, ohio.

Sherwood Anderson authors a number of tales from a fictional town in Midwest Ohio known as Winnesburg. He addresses people's way of life and emphasis the word “grotesque” many times. Anderson defines grotesque as an obsession of one’s truth in life that leads to distortion...

Enif' Book Review: a Precious Knowledge and Life Lessons

The book ‘Enif’ It is a story which will give you precious knowledge summary and life lessons, all wrapped in wrappers of delectable metaphors. The fine details of the storyline, through science fiction prowess, teaches the way life works and gives insights on the machinery...

Exploring the Depths of Gothic Romantic Fictional Narratives

Gothic romantic fiction is a genre that is characterized by its dark and mysterious themes, often featuring supernatural elements and a brooding, atmospheric setting. In a gothic romantic fictional narrative essay, the writer crafts a story that captures the essence of this genre, immersing the...

Unleashing the Imagination: Exploring Science Fiction

Science fiction can be regarded as the fiction which illustrates an objective or the reason which deals with social or we can say that science fiction is called as future prediction. In writing, it is said to be the subject that deals with the period...

Horror Story: Genre, Understanding and Example

In this horror story essay I will tell you a little bit about horror, and then I will tell a story, and then at the end I will tell you what I have learned and what I think about horror stories. Horror is a genre...

Courage and Heroism in Number the Stars

Number the stars is a historical fiction based in 1943 by an American author, Lois Lowry, about the fleeing of a Jewish family, The Rosens family, from their home in Copenhagen in Denmark, during World War Two. The story is based around a ten-year-old girl,...

Fahrenheit 451 is a Fiction Book

Many people of our generation are being addicted to things that are digital. They are wasting time either watching television or playing video games and they never have time to spare about their feelings with their love or families. Ray Bradbury shows a perfect example...

The Uncanny in Fiction and in Real World

Sigmund Freud, the great founder of psychoanalysis and the famously known father of psychology, made a big realization about the paradoxical deployment of the uncanny, stating that “The somewhat paradoxical result is that in the first place a great deal that is not uncanny in...

Mortality Salience on Reading the Year of Wonders

A new genre of fiction can be constructed by analysing narratives in a pragmatic level. A literary work can be labelled as “Finitude Narrative” if it is found having two basic requisites. The first of these conditions would be that the syntagm of the narrative...

Analysis of the Major Themes in the Hobbit by J.r.r. Tolkien

Throughout everyday life, people encounter experiences that embark them on a journey like never before. 'The Hobbit' written by J.R.R. Tolkien, Classic Fiction, published 1937, containing 276 pages, portrays the story of a Hobbit who for the most part is found enjoying his peace in...

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About Fiction

Fiction is an integral part of literature, a kind of art of the word that describes reality in artistic images. It's any creative work, chiefly any narrative work, portraying individuals, events, or places in ways that are imaginary or inconsistent with history, fact, or plausibility. In a narrow sense, "fiction" refers to written narratives in prose – often limited to novels, novellas, and short stories.

Traditionally it's novels, short stories, fables, legends, myths, fairy tales, epic and narrative poetry, plays (including operas, musicals, dramas, puppet plays, and various kinds of theatrical dances). However, fiction may also encompass comic books, and many animated cartoons, stop motions, anime, manga, films, video games, radio programs, television programs (comedies and dramas), etc.

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