essay on indian education system in 250 words

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Essay on Education System

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  • Updated on  
  • Nov 15, 2023

Essay on Education System

The future of a country is shaped by its classrooms. Implementing a sound education system based on a holistic approach to learning is quintessential for ensuring that every student gets the best learning environment to flourish. As education is the most important and basic right, everyone should have, it is our moral duty to facilitate the perfect learning environment for our students.

With the educational journey playing the foundation role in one’s career, there are contrary views concerning the type of education system and approaches we need to take. Hence, it has become a frequently asked topic under the essay writing section in school tests as well as competitive exams. To help you with this topic, we have curated a complete guide on how to write an essay on education system, with useful tips and tricks as well as reference samples. 

This Blog Includes:

How to write an essay on education system, essay on education system in india in 100 words, essay on education system in india in 200 words, sample essay on education system in 300 words, essay on new education system, essay on education system in india during covid-19, essay on education system in india: good or bad, how can we improve the indian education system, list of best education systems in the world.

Generally, the essay topics on education system revolve around analysing a specific education system, its strengths and weaknesses as well as suggesting the solutions for its improvement. You might also be asked about writing an essay on the Education system of India in which you must mention the characteristics of the history of our educational apparatus from the Gurukul Education System to the Current education system in India . You can also take notes from our exclusive blog on the New Education Policy formulated by India with a unique approach to academics. Further, your essay on education system must also imperatively elucidate the key aspects of the system and its salient features as well as an unbiased analysis of its strong characteristics as well as a critical overview of its weak areas where improvement is needed.

  • Format – Before drafting an essay on education system, you must know about the format of essay writing. Take a look at the following pointers which elaborate upon the general format of writing structured and impressive essays
  • Introduction -The education system essay introduction should provide an overview of the given topic in the introduction, i.e. highlight the recent instances or questions related to the concerned education system. When it comes to the writing style, the introduction as the first paragraph will set the tone of the whole essay thus make sure that it covers a general outline of your topic
  • Body of Content – After the introduction, you can start elaborating on the topic of the education system, its role in the development of a country, its key objectives, salient features (if a specific education system is given as a topic) as well as highlight its strong and weak areas. Then, you can further assess how the education system has evolved from earlier times. For example, talk about the history of the education system, and the prominent measures that contributed to its growth, amongst others. Analyse the major points thoroughly according to the essay question and then move towards the next section
  • Conclusion – The conclusion is the final section as you wrap up your essay underlining the major points you have mentioned. Avoid ending it abruptly, either go for an optimistic touch to it or just summarize what has been mentioned above

The education system in India comprises four levels: pre-primary, primary, secondary and senior secondary system; all these levels are well-structured and developed to systemically introduce students to the subject matter, develop their language and cognitive skills and prepare them for higher education. The Indian education system gives equal value to knowledge-based learning as well as co-curricular. Countries are now rigorously working on providing free access to education. Nowadays, being in school isn’t the same thing as before. Every individual is skilled in different fields and interests with a due focus on the set curriculum. We need a society that is more elevated towards balanced personal and professional growth . 

Also Read: Importance of Education in Development

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For a nation to have harmony, the education system must focus on a holistic learning approach, i.e. provide equal educational opportunities to everyone, emphasize a wholesome curriculum as well and incorporate educational technologies to make learning a fun and interactive process. When it comes to the education system in India it is not only focused on rote learning and also pushes students towards sports , building interpersonal skills , etc. When schools were shut due to a global pandemic, Indian schools adopted online learning as the new method. There are a few drawbacks as well that the grading system starts from elementary classes and students are under the constant burden to score and pass the exams. Instead of learning something, new students become competitive to score better than the other students. The constant competition and comparison affect the mental health of all students. 

Also Read: Gurukul Education System

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The need for a well-balanced education system has become a necessity for every country as it plays a significant catalyst in its growth and development. As we know irrespective of one’s background, or family income the right to education is a necessity for everyone. Thus, the government of a nation shall work to make the system more accountable to every citizen. It should aim to enhance the features and policies as per the needs of the country so that it can contribute to the overall development as well as the growth of the economy.  Every child should get an opportunity to attend school and get educated as it is rightly said that “educated people make an educated nation”. The teachings of a sound education system help us to improve our lives in every way. For individuals, education raises self-confidence and opens opportunities for earning. On a country-wide level, it reduces the level of poverty and develops long-term economic growth.

The lack of diversity and engaging recreational activities is one of the biggest problems leading to the global crisis of illiteracy. For the developing nations, it is necessary to have ample knowledge regarding who is learning and what they are learning, so that they can mould their system in a more efficient way and hence, the future. The need for making the system reliable for children is very specific. It should aim to promote comprehensive growth which will ultimately help them in almost every aspect of life. The school and the teachers together shall prepare the children for future times. The children must know the practical aspects of what they are learning in the class. It can be easily said that students nowadays lack the ability to perform efficiently when given fundamental tasks. Thus, an education system must aim to penetrate creativity, decisiveness, communication, collaboration leadership and the spirit of teamwork.

Also Read: Women Empowerment Essay

Rooted in the ancient learnings of Vedas and Puranas, the Indian education system has come a long way from the old-school Gurukuls to the new-age hi-tech academic institutions. The students in schools and colleges are not just tested based on their learning abilities but also on their acquired knowledge and skills as well as their performance in extracurricular activities . This system is implemented in order to emphasize the importance of the overall growth of the child to broaden their horizons. The academic institutions in India, be it primary, secondary, or higher education, are embracing advanced technologies in facilitating learning and bringing a revolutionary change to the same-old classroom teaching. Many schools have brought tablets into their traditional classrooms to make learning an engaging and interesting process by teaching kids through digital applications .  

Also Read: Speech on Education for Students in English

Covid-19 has affected the world of education leading to a major shift from traditional four-walled classrooms to online classes. Online classes for online courses definitely lack the ‘personal’ touch and one-to-one interactions between teachers and students. On the contrary, traditional classrooms are less flexible and accessible to many students, especially in underprivileged communities. Attention and interaction are objective to every individual and can’t be attributed to any platform or mode of learning . Teachers and students have enhanced interaction and creative learning by using chatboxes, screen-share, whiteboards, etc. Which are useful for the presentation of images or PPTs. online classes becoming the new normal also gave the world the opportunity to make learning more flexible and accessible on a global level. It is also cost-effective since a good internet connection and a working computer is all you need to teach your class. 

Also Read: Best Schools in Delhi

The Indian education system is one of the oldest, most diverse learning systems in the world. The Indian educational system is designed to ensure a well-developed and uniform curriculum across different states for different grades in the subcontinent. Education is given utmost importance in India with schemes like free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 to 14, Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign and Mid-meals in government schools to encourage students to attend school. Under the system, sports and performing arts are given the utmost significance and all students are encouraged to take part and develop a skill or expertise that will help them in the future. The Indian education system also focuses on practical learning and group activities to provide exposure and teach students the importance of teamwork and communication . The Indian education system focuses on the overall development of each student by introducing them to the basics of all the subjects from the start till the secondary level.

Also Read: Essay on Freedom: Wings of Liberation

With the rise in a lot of problems in the Indian Education System, we need a proper solution that will be effective. There is a requirement for improvement that creates a brighter future for the candidate. We can initiate a focus on skill development at the school level. Students and parents must understand that not only the ranks and grades but also the analytical and creative skills are also important. The subject taught in school must have both theory and practical teaching methods. Time-to-time syllabus update is necessary with changes with time.

This is also a high time for the government and private colleges to increase the payroll of teachers. The teachers who are working hard for the future of the students deserve more than what they are offered. The schools must hire teachers qualified teachers. The Indian Education System must change all these things. The schools must give equal opportunities to the students. The system now needs to let go of the old and traditional ways to elevate the teaching standards so our students can create a better and more advanced world.

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Relevant Blogs

A sound education system based on a holistic approach to learning is quintessential for ensuring that every student gets the best learning environment to flourish.

The best education systems in the world focus tightly on key concepts which are taught in detail at an early age and ensure that students master the basics from which to build.

The modern school system was brought to India by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s.

The Boston Latin School, established in 1635, was the first school.

Despite having improved over the years, the Indian education system still needs to be updated in various ways and the teaching techniques need to be revised.

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  • Indian Education Essay

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Read Indian Education Essay on Vedantu

The Education of a child is one of the most important decisions a parent can make. While there are many different types of educational options available, not all are created equal. Children in India have the unique opportunity to receive a world-class education, thanks to the many excellent schools that are available. Since ancient times, India has been known for its great educational system. The country's first university, Nalanda, was founded over 1,000 years ago. Today, there are thousands of schools in India, many of which are among the best in the world.

What is Indian Education?

Indian Education is a term used to refer to the Education that is offered primarily to American Indian students. The Indian Education Act of 1972 defined its purpose as "to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of American Indian children."

Similarities Between Mainstream Education and Indian Education

There are several similarities between mainstream education in America, also known as public schools, and Indian Education. Traditional public schools are subject to the same educational mandates as Indian schools overseen by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Most incorporate a core set of subjects such as English, math, social studies, and science into their curriculum. The school year is roughly 180 days long, and students attend class 5 days a week for around 6 hours each day.

Differences Between Mainstream Education and Indian Education

Despite these similarities, there are also some key differences between mainstream education and Indian Education. Perhaps the most notable is that Indian Education is often delivered in a culturally relevant and inclusive manner, which takes into account the unique needs of Native American students. This can include incorporating tribal history and culture into the curriculum, providing Native American educators, and incorporating traditional tribal values and beliefs into the school environment. In addition, Indian Education is often offered on or near reservations, while mainstream Education is not.

Essay on Indian Education

Education plays an important role in the development of an individual and makes him a knowledgeable citizen. It is the Education that makes an individual self-reliant, helps to suppress social evils, and contributes towards the development of the society and nation as a whole. Education helps in unraveling the mystery of nature. It enables us to understand and improve the working of our society. It creates conditions for a better life. Education brings out the capabilities to fight injustice happening in society. Every individual has the right to Education. 

Indian Education is one of the largest and complex education systems in the world along with China. India is committed to providing basic Education to its citizens, the framework of which is defined in the National Policy of Education. Elementary Education is now compulsory in India. At the time of Independence, only 14% of India's population was literate. Now after so many decades since Independence, the number of literates has increased by fivefold.

History of Education System

The history of the Indian education system comes from the times of Ramayana and Mahabharata. The historic Indian education system is also called the Gurukula system. There were gurus then who are now known as teachers and shishyas who are called students now. The gurus and the shishyas lived together under one roof in Gurukula until the completion of their Education. The shishyas were expected to help the guru in all the daily chores as part of their learning. The children belonging to higher strata of the society were taught all the subjects from Sanskrit to Holy Scriptures and mathematics to metaphysics by the gurus. The Gurukulas during those times focused on the practical aspects of life. The students were taught in the open classroom in the surrounding area of nature. This early system of Education in India continued for many years until the modern education system came into the picture in the nineteenth century.

In the early 19th century, during the British period, the modern education system was brought into our country by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay. The basic strength of this modernized education system was the examinations and a well-defined curriculum, which gave importance to subjects like science and mathematics and subjects like philosophy, metaphysics were given a back seat. The brick and mortar classrooms replaced the open classrooms in the Gurukulas. The essence of the guru shishya bond was taken over by a more formal relationship between the teacher and the student. To understand the progress of any student, examinations were conducted at frequent intervals. The focus of the education system shifted from learning to memorizing the concepts to score good marks in the examinations.

Problems of Indian Education System

Over a period of time, it has been observed that there are many loopholes in the system of Education in India. Instead of understanding the concepts, students started cramming and memorizing the lessons. Knowledge is given a backseat and scoring in high rankings takes importance. Modern parents have tuned their mindsets accordingly, and their goal is to ensure that their children score good marks instead of acquiring knowledge right from the primary level. 

Private schools and colleges have been rapidly increasing in the country but the results produced by them are far beyond satisfactory. It has also been observed that the quality of teachers deteriorated with the passing of time. Our examination system is responsible for the wide skill gap. India is producing lakhs of engineers and professionals every year but only a fraction of this number is actually getting employed. This is because the Indian examination system focuses more on scoring good percentages rather than the actual continuous comprehensive evaluation. 

Research and development, which should be the cornerstone of our system, are given the least importance. The private schools and colleges focus on the admission of more students and are least interested in the quality of their Education. This is the major reason why the faculties and the teachers lack skills and specialization. This is quite evident from the fact that a single professor is assigned to teach multiple subjects.

How Can We Improve the Indian Education System?

First and most importantly we should improve the grading system. Rote learning should be discouraged completely. Teachers and faculties should focus more on the analytical skills of the students and grade them accordingly. There should be more focus on comprehensive evaluation instead of scoring only good marks. Workshops must be organized for teachers on a regular basis to keep them updated about the latest developments in the sector of Education. At the same time, the curriculum should be reframed according to the present needs of Education in India.

Indian Education is a unique and specialized Education system that is offered primarily to Indian students. It incorporates culturally relevant and inclusive elements not found in mainstream Education but is subject to many of the same mandates .

The payroll structure of the teachers and the faculties, especially in the government institutions should be improved. This step will help in motivating the teachers to develop their skills and they will take a keen interest in grooming or shaping up a student's life and career. The government and other entities who are associated with the education sector, need to understand the importance of quality of Education. Education should be a holistic process that must focus on the overall development of the physical, emotional, social, and cognitive skills of a child. It needs to be a slow and cyclic process and must take place gradually to help the child develop into an autonomous, independent, and knowledgeable individual.

An educated individual is an individual who should be able to contribute towards the betterment of the economic and social development of the society as well as the country. The true goal of Education must exceed awarding the degrees and certificates to the students. Education is not a tool to earn livelihood, but it is a way to liberate the mind and soul of an individual.

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FAQs on Indian Education Essay

1. Why is Education Important for Any Individual?

Education is important for the development of an individual. It makes an individual self-reliant, helps to suppress the social evils and contribute towards the development of the society and nation as a whole.

2. What Problems Does the Indian Education System Face?

The Indian education system focuses on rote learning. It means that the education system focuses more on memorizing instead of understanding the concepts. The grading system in the Indian education system is very poor. Teachers and faculties lack in skills and qualification. They don’t update themselves with the latest facts. Teachers are paid very less and so they lose motivation.

3. How Can the Education System Improve in India?

The education system in India should be improved by discouraging rote learning and changing the grading system. Utmost importance should be given to the research and development, which is the cornerstone of our system. Parents and teachers should focus on the overall development of a child and focus on their cognitive and analytical skills.

4. How are Women Empowered Through Education?

Education helps in empowering women. Women can voice out themselves in the society against the injustice done to them. They can be self-dependent. Women empowerment will bring a lot of development in society as well as in the nation.

5. What are the Skills Someone Needs to Acquire Through Education?

There are many skills that develop through Education, but some of the core ones include Communication, Critical Thinking, Active Listening, Leadership, etc. A truly educated individual should be able to communicate effectively with others and use critical thinking to help them make the right decisions in life. Moreover, active listening is a skill needed for introspection, and leadership is important for guiding and motivating people. All these skills are essential for the overall development of an individual. These skills help one in achieving success not only in their Education but also in professional life. One of the main reasons for the success of the western world is that they put a great deal of emphasis on education and reward students who excel in it. These skills helped in making them leaders in their respective fields.

6. What are the Educational Goals of India?

India mainly has three educational goals - Equality, Excellence and Equity. To achieve the first two goals, the government of India is making tremendous efforts by providing free Education to students belonging to weaker sections of society. This measure helps in providing opportunities to all the children irrespective of their socio-economic background. To achieve excellence in Indian Education, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has taken many initiatives, including setting up world-class institutions, promoting research activities, etc. The third goal is equity in Education. The government is implementing schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan to promote equitable distribution of resources for Education across different sections of society, including weaker and marginalized sections.

7. How Is Education Related to Employment?

Education is directly related to employment because of multiple reasons. Most importantly, qualifications are required for securing jobs. The more the qualification, the better is the chance of landing a good job. Moreover, an individual with quality education is more likely to be productive at work and do his/her tasks in a precise manner which helps their employer to achieve their goals as well. Also, the person is likely to be paid better if they have a good educational background. In a nutshell, Education helps an individual in getting a good job and earning a respectable salary.

8. How is Education Linked With Economic Development?

Education is the key to economic development because an educated person is able to contribute more to society. They are able to think innovatively and come up with new ideas that can help in improving the economic condition of their country. Moreover, they are able to work in various sectors like agriculture, manufacturing, services, etc., and contribute to the economic growth of their country. It can also be seen as a key to social development because an educated individual is able to contribute more towards societal welfare. This, in turn, plays a major role in reducing poverty and hunger levels across the world.

9. How Do We Make Education More Interesting and Interactive?

Education should be made more interesting and interactive by providing real-life examples in the classroom. For example, a mathematics teacher can explain a topic in a class by referring to a purchase receipt or tax statement of an individual. This way, students will be able to connect with what is being taught in the classroom and understand it better. Moreover, the teacher should not only rely on textbooks. Instead, they should use various other sources like newspapers, magazines, and the Internet to supplement teaching. Also, awarding marks for participation in classroom activities such as debates & discussions will help students develop public speaking skills and improve their communication. Vedantu teachers are constantly being trained in this area to provide better interactive sessions in the classroom.

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Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words

Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words

Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words: The Indian education system is a vast and intricate network that plays a pivotal part in shaping the minds of millions of scholars across the country. With a rich history and different artistic background, the Indian education system has evolved over the times to meet the changing requirements and bournes of its people. In this essay, we will explore the crucial features, challenges, and implicit reforms of the Indian education system.

Table of Contents

In this blog Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words, we include About Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words, in 100, 200, 250, and 300 words. Also cover Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words for classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and up to the 12th class and also for kids, children, and students. You can read more Essay Writing in 10 lines about sports, events, occasions, festivals, etc… Short Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words is also available in different languages. In this, Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words, the following features are explained in the given manner.

Historical Overview

The roots of the Indian education system can be traced back to ancient times when gurukuls( traditional seminaries) were the primary means of education. These gurukuls emphasized a holistic approach, fastening on spiritual, moral, and intellectual development. still, with the appearance of social rule, the education system passed significant changes to serve the interests of the British Empire.

Crucial Features Of The Indian Education System

Multiple Education Boards The Indian education system comprises colorful boards, including the Central Board of Secondary Education( CBSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education( ICSE), and state boards, each with its class and assessment styles.

Formal Structure The system follows a formal structure conforming of primary education( grades 1- 5), secondary education( grades 6- 10), and advanced secondary education( grades 11- 12). After completing advanced secondary, scholars can pursue undergraduate studies.

Emphasis on Examinations The Indian education system places a significant emphasis on examinations as a measure of a pupil’s academic performance. This focus frequently leads to a rote literacy approach, where scholars study information rather than understanding generalities deeply.

Competitive Entrance Exams Another distinctive point of the Indian education system is the frequence of competitive entrance examinations for admission to advanced education institutions. These examinations, similar as the Joint Entrance Examination( JEE) and National Eligibility cum Entrance Test( NEET), can be largely demanding and stressful for scholars.

Crucial Features Of The Indian Education System

Challenges Faced By The Indian Education System

Quality difference There’s a significant difference in the quality of education between pastoral and civic areas. pastoral seminaries frequently warrant proper structure, well- trained preceptors, and access to educational coffers, leading to an unstable educational experience.

Overemphasis on Academic Performance The focus on academic performance through examinations frequently neglects other essential aspects of education, similar as critical thinking, creativity, and life chops development.

Lack of Vocational Training The Indian education system has traditionally been acquainted towards academic hobbies, with limited emphasis on vocational training. This has redounded in a mismatch between the chops acquired through education and the demands of the job request.

Implicit Reforms For The Indian Education System

Holistic Education Approach Introducing a more holistic approach to education that incorporates the development of life chops, critical thinking, and creativity, alongside academic literacy.

elevation structure furnishing acceptable structure, similar as well- equipped classrooms, libraries, and laboratories, especially in pastoral areas, to insure equal access to quality education.

schoolteacher Training and Development Enhancing the training and professional development openings for preceptors to ameliorate the overall quality of education.

The Indian education system is at a critical juncture, with the need for comprehensive reforms to address the challenges it faces. By espousing a more holistic approach, bridging the quality difference, and promoting vocational training, India can strive to produce an inclusive and progressive education system that nurtures the bents and eventuality of its scholars.

Also Read: Online Education Essay 250 Words

Essay On Indian Education System In 250 Words (FAQ’s)

Question 1. Are there any indispensable education systems in India?

Answer: Yes, piecemeal from the traditional formal education system, there are indispensable systems like Montessori, Waldorf, and homeschooling.

Question 2. How does the Indian education system compare encyclopedically?

Answer: The Indian education system has its strengths but also faces challenges in terms of quality and availability compared to some other countries.

Question 3. What’s the part of technology in Indian education?

Answer: Technology is playing an decreasingly important part in Indian education, enabling remote literacy, digital coffers, and substantiated learning gests.

Question 4. How can maternal involvement contribute to the enhancement of the education system?

Answer: Maternal involvement, similar as engaging in their children’s education, supporting their literacy at home, and uniting with seminaries, can appreciatively impact the education system.

Question 5. What way can be taken to reduce the stress associated with competitive examinations?

Answer: Furnishing comprehensive comforting and internal health support, diversifying assessment styles, and promoting a more balanced approach to assessing scholars’ capacities can help reduce test- related stress.

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Education System In India Essay

Indian education reformers want to narrow the disparity in student achievement between rural and urban areas. India's educators work hard to overcome their country's challenges in providing quality education to all its citizens. Here are some sample essays on the education system in India.

100 Words Essay On Education System In India

India's education system is ideal for providing its students with a solid academic foundation. It emphasises lifelong learning and encourages its students to pursue higher education. It also develops the students' language skills by allowing them to study in both English and Indian languages. Such courses encourage ideal attitudes toward their nation and its people- creating a positive atmosphere for learning and growth.

Education System In India Essay

India surrounds its students with Indian history, culture, religion, and literature throughout their schooling years. It promotes patriotism through encouraging students to study Indian history and culture. This can help them develop a sense of cultural pride that can inspire them to support the development of their home country.

200 Words Essay On Education System In India

Education is the most important aspect of any society. It is the foundation on which a society is built and the tool that allows its citizens to make the most of their lives. It allows the country to educate its people and earn revenue from their talents. However, there are always 2 sides to a coin, along with benefits there are also some issues.

Issues In The Indian Education System

The Indian education system is in a state of flux. A number of issues have cropped up in recent years, and there seems to be no clear solution in sight.

One of the biggest problems is the disparity between urban and rural students. The quality of education that students in rural areas receive is quite poor, and they often don't have access to the same resources as their urban counterparts. This leads to a huge achievement gap between students from different backgrounds.

There are also concerns about the level of education that students are receiving. Many experts believe that the curriculum is outdated and does not prepare students for the modern world. In addition, there is a lot of emphasis on rote learning, which does not allow students to think creatively or critically.

500 Words Essay On Education System In India

The education system in India is plagued with a number of issues that have a direct impact on the students. Addressing these issues will require systemic changes that ensure all students can access adequate resources.

Challenges of Accessibility and Quality

Let's take a closer look at two of the biggest challenges facing India's education system: accessibility and quality.

Accessibility is a huge issue in India. Due to poverty and the lack of infrastructure, many rural areas and poor urban neighbourhoods don't have adequate schools or teachers. As a result, many children are denied the right to an education.

And even when children have access to education, it's often of poor quality. Many schools are overcrowded and underfunded, which means that students don't have access to good teachers or up-to-date textbooks and other learning materials.

Impact of Gender Inequality

One issue impacting the students is gender inequality. Boys and girls are not given an equal opportunity to receive an education. This needs to change if India wants to become a developed nation. Girls need to be given the same opportunities as boys so that they can contribute to the growth of the country. There are many solutions that have been proposed to address this issue, but more needs to be done to implement them successfully.

Struggles of India’s Rural Areas

For many parts of the country, especially rural areas, the issues in India’s education system run even deeper. Much of the Indian population is still living without access to educational resources and other basic needs. To make matters worse, a large number of these people belong to marginalised communities, like those living in poverty or facing discrimination based on factors like gender or caste.

In rural areas, most schools are underfunded and lack basic facilities. These schools face varying levels of neglect when it comes to providing adequate teacher support as well as basic needs such as toilets, clean drinking water, and well-maintained buildings. As a result, attendance rates at primary schools are often very low and many drop out before completing schooling altogether.

Solutions for Improved Education

The Indian government has taken various steps to ensure that a quality education is accessible for all. In 2020, the government launched a new initiative called ‘National Education Policy’ (NEP) which promises to set up a new educational system in India with increased access, improved quality, and greater equity. This initiative will focus on strengthening school education by providing more resources and more qualified teachers, and introducing vocational training programs as an alternative to traditional education.

NEP also sets out some objectives for higher education that aim to make learning more interesting and accessible. These include setting up new autonomous colleges for research purposes, and improving the availability of faculty in universities. NEP also aims to bridge the digital divide by making information communication technology (ICT) an integral part of teaching and learning.

Furthermore, NEP plans to focus on addressing gender inequalities in the Indian education system by introducing measures such as affirmative action policies, gender sensitization training, flexible learning options and financial assistance schemes specifically for women. These strategies go a long way towards improving India’s educational system and ensuring better outcomes for students across the country.

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Essay on The Indian Education System: Challenges and Opportunities 1000, 500, 300, 200 words

  • Essay on The Indian Education System: Challenges and Opportunities

Essay on The Indian Education System

Introduction

Essay on The Indian Education System: The Indian education system is one of the oldest in the world, with a rich history dating back to ancient times. It has undergone numerous transformations over the centuries, but it continues to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of India. This essay explores the strengths and weaknesses of the Indian education system, its historical evolution, current challenges and potential opportunities for improvement.

Essay on The Indian Education System: A Journey of Challenges and Opportunities 500 words

Essay on the indian education system: challenges and opportunities 300 words, essay on education system in india 200 words, essay on education system in india 150 words, historical evolution.

The roots of the Indian education system can be traced back to the Gurukul system, where students lived with their gurus (teachers) and received holistic education encompassing not only academic subjects but also ethics, values and life skills. This system emphasized experiential learning and individualized instruction.

During British colonial rule, the education system underwent significant changes with a focus on producing a workforce to serve the colonial administration. This period saw the establishment of institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), which have since become renowned globally.

Strengths of the Indian Education System

  • Diversity : India’s education system is vast and diverse, offering a wide range of subjects and courses, catering to the varied interests and talents of its students.
  • Quality Institutions : India boasts several prestigious institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), and top-tier universities that have produced exceptional graduates who excel on the global stage.
  • Strong Emphasis on STEM : The system places significant importance on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education, contributing to India’s reputation as a hub for IT and engineering professionals.
  • Global Diaspora : The Indian education system has produced a vast pool of skilled professionals who have excelled internationally, making India a significant contributor to the global workforce.

Challenges Faced

  • Quality Disparities : While India has prestigious institutions, a majority of schools and colleges, especially in rural areas, lack basic infrastructure and quality teachers. This results in a stark rural-urban divide in education.
  • Rote Learning : The system’s emphasis on rote memorization rather than critical thinking and problem-solving often stifles creativity and innovation among students.
  • Pressure and Stress : A highly competitive environment and parental expectations can place immense pressure and stress on students, leading to mental health issues.
  • Outdated Curriculum : The curriculum often lags behind in terms of relevance to real-world skills, emerging technologies and global trends.
  • Inequality : Socio-economic disparities result in unequal access to quality education, perpetuating inequality.

Opportunities for Improvement

  • Holistic Education : Incorporating holistic education that includes life skills, ethics and vocational training can prepare students for the complexities of the modern world.
  • Teacher Training : Investing in teacher training and providing incentives for educators can improve the quality of instruction across the board.
  • Flexible Curriculum : Regularly updating and adapting the curriculum to include relevant and contemporary subjects can better prepare students for the future job market.
  • Digital Education : Leveraging technology for online and distance learning can bridge the urban-rural education gap and make education more accessible.
  • Mental Health Support : Introducing mental health support services within educational institutions can help students cope with the pressures of academic life.

The Indian education system is at a crossroads, with both strengths and weaknesses. While it has produced brilliant minds and professionals, it also faces challenges related to quality, access and relevance. To truly harness its potential, India must address these issues and embrace reforms that prioritize holistic education, teacher development and adaptability to the changing global landscape. Only then can the Indian education system prepare its youth to excel not only in the domestic arena but also on the global stage.

Essay on The Indian Education System: An In-depth Analysis 600 words

essay on indian education system in 250 words

Introduction :

The Indian education system has a rich and diverse history dating back thousands of years. With its roots in ancient Gurukul systems, it has evolved significantly over time to meet the changing needs of society. This essay delves into the Indian education system, its structure, challenges, and prospects.

Historical Background:

The origins of the Indian education system can be traced back to ancient times when education was imparted in Gurukuls, informal centers of learning under the guidance of a guru (teacher). This system emphasized holistic education, including subjects like mathematics, science, philosophy and ethics. However, the British colonial era (from the 18th to the 20th century) brought significant changes to India’s education system, introducing a more standardized, Westernized approach.

Structure of the Indian Education System:

  • Pre-primary and Primary Education: The foundation of education in India starts with pre-primary and primary education, typically from ages 3 to 14. This stage is crucial for building a strong educational base.
  • Secondary Education: After completing primary education, students move on to secondary education, which spans from grades 9 to 12. Here, they follow the curriculum set by respective state boards or national boards like the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education).
  • Higher Education: After completing secondary education, students have the option to pursue various streams, including science, arts, commerce and vocational courses. India has a vast higher education system comprising universities, colleges, and institutes offering undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programs.
  • Technical and Professional Education: India boasts prestigious institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) that offer specialized technical and management education.

Challenges in the Indian Education System:

  • Quality Disparities: There is a significant gap in the quality of education between urban and rural areas. Urban schools tend to have better infrastructure and teaching facilities, while rural schools often lack essential resources.
  • Rote Learning: The system is often criticized for promoting rote learning over critical thinking and practical skills. This limits students’ creativity and problem-solving abilities.
  • Overemphasis on Exams: The Indian education system is notorious for its heavy reliance on high-stakes exams, which can lead to immense stress and a narrow focus on exam-oriented education.
  • Lack of Vocational Education: While there has been progress in recent years, vocational education remains underdeveloped in India. This limits opportunities for skill development and employment.
  • Gender Disparities: Gender inequality still exists, with fewer girls having access to education, especially in rural areas.

Prospects for Reform:

  • RTE Act: The Right to Education (RTE) Act of 2009 is a significant step towards universalizing education by ensuring free and compulsory education for all children aged 6 to 14.
  • Emphasis on Skill Development: There is a growing recognition of the importance of skill-based education to prepare students for the job market. Initiatives like Skill India aim to address this need.
  • Digitalization: The use of technology in education, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, has gained momentum, making education more accessible and interactive.
  • International Collaboration: Collaboration with foreign universities and institutions is on the rise, leading to the establishment of international campuses in India, which can enhance the quality of education.

Conclusion:

The Indian education system has a rich history but faces numerous challenges. However, ongoing reforms and initiatives offer hope for a brighter future. A shift towards a more holistic, skill-based and inclusive approach can help prepare the youth of India for the complex challenges of the 21st century and beyond, ensuring that education remains a tool for personal and national development.

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essay on indian education system in 250 words

The Indian education system is a complex and multifaceted structure that has evolved over centuries. It is a critical component of the nation’s growth and development, playing a pivotal role in shaping the lives and aspirations of millions of young Indians. This short essay explores the Indian education system, highlighting its strengths, challenges and potential for transformation.

Historical Roots

The roots of the Indian education system can be traced back to ancient times, with institutions like Nalanda and Takshashila renowned for their pursuit of knowledge. The traditional Gurukul system, where students lived with teachers, was a hallmark of early Indian education. However, over time, the education system underwent significant changes, especially during British colonial rule, leading to the present structure.

  • Diversity and Inclusivity : One of the system’s strengths is its inclusivity, catering to a diverse population with various languages, cultures and backgrounds. India offers a wide range of educational boards and mediums, allowing students to choose a system that suits them best.
  • Strong Foundation in Science and Technology: The country has produced numerous skilled professionals who have excelled in fields such as engineering, medicine and information technology. Indian institutes like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are globally recognized for their excellence.
  • Competitive Examinations: India’s rigorous competitive examination system prepares students for challenges in various fields. Exams like the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) and the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exam are examples of such assessments.
  • Inequality : The education system grapples with stark inequalities, both in access and quality. Disparities in infrastructure, teacher quality and educational resources persist, creating a divide between urban and rural areas.
  • Rote Learning : The emphasis on rote learning, where students memorize information without understanding its practical application, has been criticized for stifling creativity and critical thinking.
  • Pressure and Stress: The intense competition for limited seats in prestigious institutions places immense pressure on students, often resulting in stress and mental health issues.
  • Outdated Curriculum: The curriculum often lacks relevance to real-world challenges, leading to a gap between classroom education and practical skills needed for employment.

Opportunities for Reform

  • Curriculum Overhaul : Updating the curriculum to incorporate practical skills, vocational training and a broader understanding of subjects can make education more relevant and engaging.
  • Digitalization : Leveraging technology for education delivery can help bridge the urban-rural divide and improve access to quality education.
  • Teacher Training: Investing in teacher training and professional development can enhance the quality of instruction and foster a more interactive learning environment.
  • Emphasis on Holistic Development : Encouraging extracurricular activities, sports and arts alongside academics can promote holistic development and reduce the stress on students.

The Indian education system has come a long way, reflecting both its strengths and challenges. While it has produced outstanding professionals, it also faces the task of addressing inequalities and adapting to the changing needs of a globalized world. Through reforms, inclusivity and a focus on holistic development, India can continue to harness the potential of its vast youth population and build a brighter future for generations to come.

The Indian education system is a vast and intricate structure that has evolved over centuries. It comprises various stages, from primary to higher education, and plays a pivotal role in shaping the country’s future. However, it faces both challenges and opportunities in its quest for excellence.

One of the most significant challenges facing the Indian education system is accessibility. While strides have been made to increase enrolment, especially at the primary level, there is still a wide gap in access to quality education, particularly in rural areas. Infrastructure deficits, inadequate teacher training, and socio-economic disparities are obstacles that hinder many children from receiving a good education.

Another pressing issue is the rote-learning culture prevalent in the system. Traditional assessment methods often prioritize memorization over critical thinking and problem-solving skills. This can stifle creativity and hinder students from developing a deeper understanding of subjects.

However, there are opportunities for improvement. The digital revolution has the potential to bridge educational gaps. Online learning platforms and educational apps can provide access to quality resources, even in remote areas. Additionally, the National Education Policy 2020 aims to transform the system by focusing on holistic learning, vocational skills, and flexibility in curriculum choices.

Moreover, India’s diverse population is a unique asset. It fosters a rich cultural exchange and can be leveraged to create a more inclusive and globalized education system that prepares students for a competitive world.

In conclusion, the Indian education system faces challenges related to accessibility and outdated teaching methods. However, it also possesses significant opportunities for improvement through digital integration, policy reforms, and embracing diversity. Addressing these challenges while capitalizing on these opportunities is essential for shaping a brighter future for India’s students.

The education system in India is a complex and diverse landscape that reflects the country’s vast cultural and socioeconomic diversity. While it has made significant progress over the years, it still faces numerous challenges.

One of the key strengths of the Indian education system is its emphasis on academic excellence. India is home to some prestigious institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), which are renowned globally. Additionally, the country has a rich tradition of producing skilled professionals in fields such as medicine, engineering, and IT.

However, there are significant issues that need to be addressed. The system often places excessive pressure on students to excel in rote memorization rather than promoting critical thinking and creativity. The quality of education varies widely between urban and rural areas, with rural regions often lacking access to quality schools and teachers. Furthermore, socio-economic disparities persist, limiting educational opportunities for many.

In recent years, there has been a push for educational reform, with initiatives aimed at improving infrastructure, curriculum and teacher training. Additionally, the promotion of digital learning and vocational education is gaining momentum.

In conclusion, while the Indian education system has notable strengths, it also faces substantial challenges related to quality, accessibility and equity. Continued efforts to reform and modernize the system are essential to ensure that all children in India have access to a high-quality education.

The education system in India is a complex and multifaceted structure that plays a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s future. While it has made significant progress in recent years, challenges persist.

India’s education system consists of several stages, starting with primary education, followed by secondary and higher education. The government has implemented various schemes to promote enrollment and quality in primary schools, but issues like infrastructure gaps and teacher shortages persist, particularly in rural areas.

Secondary education faces issues of standardized curricula and a heavy emphasis on rote learning, which can hinder critical thinking and creativity. The higher education system, on the other hand, boasts prestigious institutions like the IITs and IIMs, but access and quality vary greatly across the country.

To address these challenges, India must focus on improving infrastructure, teacher training and curriculum development. Additionally, promoting a more holistic and skill-oriented approach to education can better prepare students for the demands of the modern world. Overall, the evolution of India’s education system is critical for the nation’s socio-economic development and global competitiveness.

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Essay on Indian Education System

Education is like a key that opens doors to a world of knowledge, opportunities, and growth. In India, a vast and diverse country, the education system plays a crucial role in shaping the future of millions of students. In this essay, I will argue that the Indian education system has its strengths and challenges, and it is continually evolving to provide quality education to its youth.

The Foundation of the Indian Education System

The roots of the Indian education system can be traced back to ancient times, where gurus (teachers) imparted knowledge to their students. This rich history forms the foundation of modern Indian education. Today, the system is a blend of traditional values and contemporary approaches.

The Structure of Indian Education

The Indian education system is divided into several stages, including primary, secondary, and higher education. It is governed by various boards and councils, such as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE). These boards set standards and conduct examinations.

Strengths of the Indian Education System

One of the strengths of the Indian education system is its emphasis on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) subjects. India has produced many successful scientists, engineers, and IT professionals who have made significant contributions worldwide.

Furthermore, the Indian education system places importance on rote learning, which helps students develop strong memory and discipline. It also fosters a competitive spirit, motivating students to excel academically.

Challenges Faced by the Indian Education System

Despite its strengths, the Indian education system faces several challenges. One significant challenge is the disparity in access to quality education between urban and rural areas. Many rural schools lack proper infrastructure and trained teachers, hindering the education of countless students.

Another challenge is the pressure of examinations and competition. High-stakes exams can create stress and anxiety among students, which may not always be conducive to their overall development.

The Importance of Vocational Education

Recognizing the need for practical skills, the Indian education system has been gradually incorporating vocational education. Vocational courses provide students with skills that are directly applicable to various industries, making them job-ready upon graduation. This is a positive step towards reducing unemployment and enhancing employability.

The Role of Technology in Indian Education

In recent years, technology has played a significant role in transforming Indian education. E-learning platforms and digital classrooms have made education more accessible and interactive. These innovations bridge the gap between urban and rural students, providing them with valuable resources.

Expert Opinions on Indian Education

Experts in education, such as Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the former President of India, have stressed the importance of holistic education. They advocate for a system that not only focuses on academics but also nurtures creativity, critical thinking, and ethical values.

The Journey Towards Educational Reforms

The Indian government has been working on several educational reforms to address the challenges faced by the system. Initiatives like the National Education Policy 2020 aim to provide quality education, promote research and innovation, and reduce the burden of exams.

Conclusion of Essay on Indian Education System

In conclusion, the Indian education system is a complex and evolving landscape. It has its strengths, including its emphasis on STEM subjects and rote learning, and its challenges, such as the rural-urban education divide and exam pressure. However, with ongoing reforms and a focus on holistic education, India is working towards nurturing well-rounded individuals who can contribute to the nation’s growth and prosperity. The Indian education system continues to shape the minds and futures of millions, guided by the vision of a brighter tomorrow.

Also Check: Simple Guide on How To Write An Essay

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Indian Education System Essay

Indian education system has changed over the time. A major change in our education system came with the colonization of the country by the Britishers. It was the British Government who introduced modern education in India, as they wanted some educated Indians to assist them in administering the state. Indian education system is mainly divided into four stages – lower primary, upper primary, high school and higher secondary.

Students follow a fixed curriculum up to 10 th standard; though, in higher secondary they get to choose from various streams i.e. science, commerce, etc. Apart from certain textual changes and over time rectifications, nothing much has changed in Indian Education system. The need to reform and restructure our education system has been felt many time. However, no concrete steps have yet been taken in this direction.

Long and Short Essays on Indian Education System in English

Here are Long and Short Essays on Indian Education system in English of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam.

After going through this Indian Education System Essay you will be well versed with the Indian Education system and its shortcomings.

Also, you would be able to assess it and make suggestions for its improvement.

These Essays will help you in your school essay writing competition and also in several debate competitions.

Short Essay on Indian Education System – Essay 1 (200 words)

Indian education system is quite different from that of the foreign nations. The curriculum in the western countries is known to be quite light and based on practical knowledge whereas in India the focus is on theoretical knowledge and acquiring marks by hook or crook.

Students are expected to mug up chapter after chapter and fetch good grades in the class. The marking system in the Indian schools begins from the primary classes thereby burdening little kids. The competition is growing by the day. Parents want their children to outperform their peers and teachers want their class to do better than the other classes.

They are so blinded by the urge of staying ahead of the competition that they do not realize that they are pushing the children in the wrong direction. At an age when the students should be given the chance to explore their interests and hone their creative side, they are pressurized to follow a set curriculum and slog day and night to get good marks.

Instead of making the students understand various concepts of mathematics, physics and other subjects so that they can use them at different stages in their life, the focus is on blindly learning the chapters whether or not the concepts are understood just so that one can get good marks. So, the very basis of the Indian education system is inappropriate.

Essay on Indian Education System Needs Serious Reforms – Essay 2 (300 words)

Introduction

Indian education system is said to be old and mundane. In the times, when the organizations are looking for creative and enthusiastic individuals, the Indian schools train the young minds, to follow a set curriculum and behave as they are told for almost fifteen years of their lives. There is no freedom to provide suggestions or share ideas. There is a serious need to reform the Indian education system which in turn helps in developing smarter individuals.

Need to Think Out of the Box

There is a dire need to think out of the box if we want to make new inventions, bring positive changes in the society and prosper at a personal level. However, unfortunately our schools train us otherwise. They tie us to a set study schedule and keep us so busy with completing the assignments and learning theoretical lessons that there is no room left for creativity.

The Indian education system must be changed to make way for creative thinking. Schools must focus on activities that challenge the student’s mind, hone their analytical skills and invoke their creative thinking ability. This will help them perform better in different fields as they grow up.

Need for All Round Development

The primary focus of the Indian education system is on academics. Here also the focus is not on understanding the concept and enhancing knowledge but only on mugging up the lessons with or without understanding them with the sole aim of attaining good marks. Even though some schools have extra-curricular activities, there is hardly one class per week for these activities.

Education in the Indian schools has just been reduced to gaining theoretical knowledge which is not enough to raise an intelligent and responsible individual. The system must be changed to ensure the all round development of the students.

The people in power must understand that the Indian education system requires serious reforms. The system must change to develop students spiritually, morally, physically as well as mentally.

Essay on Indian Education System and Its Development – Essay 3 (400 words)

Indian Education System has seen quite a few changes ever since its inception. It has changed with the changing times and with the changes in the society. However, whether these changes and developments are for good or not is still a question.

The Gurukul

The Indian education system dates back several centuries. From the ancient times, children are being sent to the teachers to learn lessons on different subjects and to add value to their lives and make them skilled to live a self dependent life. During the ancient times, the gurukuls were set up in various parts of the country.

Children went to gurukuls to seek education. They stayed with their guru (teacher) in their ashram until they completed their education. The students were taught various skills, given lessons in different subjects and were even involved in doing the household chores to ensure their all round development.

British Brought About Changes in the Indian Education System

As the Britishers colonized India, the Gurukul system began to fade away as the Britishers set up schools that followed a different education system. The subjects taught in these schools were quite different from that taught in the gurukuls and so was the way the study sessions were conducted.

There was a sudden change in the entire education system of India. The focus shifted from the all round development of the students to the academic performance. This was not a very good change. However, one thing that changed for good during this time was that girls also began to seek education and were enrolled in schools.

Introduction of Educomp Smart Classes

The education system introduced by the British is still prevalent in India. However, with the advancement in technology many schools have adopted to newer means to impart education to the students. Educomp smart classes have been introduced in the schools. These classes have brought about a positive change. Unlike the earlier times when the students only learned from the books, they now get to see their lessons on a big wide screen installed in their class rooms. This makes the learning experience interesting and helps the students grasp better.

In addition to it, many extra-curricular activities are also being introduced by the schools for the all round development of the students. However, the marking system still remains as stringent and the students have to focus largely on their academics.

So, there has been a major shift in the Indian education system since the ancient times. However, we require further reforms in the system for the proper development of the students.

Essay on Education System in India is Good or Bad – Essay 4 (500 words)

The Indian education system is said to be largely flawed. It does more harm than good to the young minds. However, some people may argue that it gives a good platform to the students as it challenges their mind and focuses on increasing their grasping power. The debate on whether the Indian education system is good or bad is ongoing.

The Good and Bad of the Indian Education System

While the people in power discuss the good and the bad in the Indian education system and whether there is a need to bring in reforms or not, here is a look at the pros and cons of the same.

Cons of Indian Education System

Indian education system has many cons. Here is a look at some of the main cons in the system:

  • Lack of Practical Knowledge

Focus of the Indian education system is on the theoretical part. Teachers read out from the book during the classes and explain the concepts verbally. Students are expected to understand even the intricate concepts theoretically. The need to impart practical knowledge is not felt even though it is highly essential.

  • Focus on Grades

The focus of the Indian schools is on mugging up the chapters to get good grades. Teachers do not bother if the students have understood the concept or not, all they look at is the marks they have obtained.

  • No Significance to All Round Development

The focus is only on studies. No effort is made to build a student’s character or his physical health. The schools do not contribute in the all round development of their students.

  • Over Burdening

The students are over burdened with studies. They study for long hours in the school and are given a pile of home work to complete at home. In addition to it, the regular class tests, first term examination, weekly examination and mid-term examination puts a lot of pressure on the young minds.

Pros of Indian Education System

Here are some of the pros of the Indian education system:

  • Provides Knowledge on Different Subjects

The Indian education system includes a vast curriculum and imparts knowledge on various subjects including maths, environmental science, moral science, social science, English, Hindi and computer science to name a few. All these subjects form a part of the curriculum from the primary classes itself. So, the students gain knowledge about different subjects from an early age.

  • Inculcates Discipline

The schools in India are very particular about their timings, time table, ethical code, marking system and study schedule. Students need to follow the rules set by the school else they are punished. This is a good way to inculcate discipline in the students.

  • Increases Grasping Power

Owing to the marking and ranking system in the Indian schools, the students are required to learn their lessons thoroughly. They need to do so in order to fetch good marks and rank higher than their classmates. They look for different ways to concentrate and grasp better. Those who identify the tools that help them grasp better are able to enhance their grasping power which helps them throughout their lives.

Indian education system has been criticized time and again. There is a tremendous need to change this system to ensure proper development of our young generation.

Long Essay on Indian Education System – Essay 5 (600 words)

Indian education system is one of the oldest education systems around the globe. It is unfortunate that while the education systems of the other nations have undergone major changes with the changing times and technological advancement we are still stuck with the old and mundane system. Neither has our system seen any major change in the curriculum nor has there been any significant change in the way the education is imparted.

Problems with Indian Education System

The Indian education system has numerous problems that hinder the proper growth and development of an individual. One of the main problems with the Indian education system is its marking system. The intelligence of the students is judged by the way they perform in a 3 hour theoretical paper rather than by their overall performance in the class. In such a scenario, learning lessons to get good marks becomes the sole aim of the students. They are not able to think beyond it. They are not bothered about understanding concepts or enhancing their knowledge all they think about is to look for ways to get good marks.

Another problem is that the focus is only on theory. No importance is given to practical learning. Our education system encourages the students to become bookworms and does not prepare them for handling the real problems and challenges of life.

Academics are given so much importance that the need to involve the students in sports and art activities is overlooked. Students are also overburdened with studies. Regular exams are held and students are scrutinized at every step. This creates acute stress among the students. The stress level of the students continues to grow as they advance to higher classes.

Ways to Improve Indian Education System

Many ideas and suggestions have been shared to improve the Indian education system. Some of the ways to change our education system for good include:

  • Focus on Skill Development

It is the time for the Indian schools and colleges to stop putting so much importance to the marks and ranks of the students and focus on skill development instead. The cognitive, problem solving, analytical and creative thinking skills of the students must be enhanced. In order to do so they must be involved in various academic as well as extra-curricular activities instead of caging them in the dull class room sessions.

  • Impart Practical Knowledge

Practical knowledge is very important to develop a thorough understanding of any subject. However, our Indian education system focuses mainly on theoretical knowledge. This needs to be changed. Students must be imparted practical knowledge for better understanding and application.

  • Revise the Curriculum

The curriculum of our schools and colleges is the same since decades. It is the time to change it as per the changing times so that the students learn things more relevant to their times. For instance, computer should become one of the main subjects in schools so that students learn how to work efficiently on the same from the very beginning. Similarly, there should be classes on developing good communication skills as it is the need of the hour.

  • Hire Better Teaching Staff

In order to save a few bucks, the educational institutes in our country hire teachers who demand less salary even if they are not highly skilled and experienced. This approach must be changed. Good teaching staff must be hired in order to nurture the young minds well.

  • Look Beyond Academics

The education system of our country must look beyond academics. Sports, arts and other activities must also be given importance to ensure the all round development of students.

While the need to change the Indian education system has been emphasized several times nothing much has been done in this regard. It is the time to understand the importance of changing this old system for the better future of the children as well as the country as a whole.

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Essay on Problems in Indian Education System for Students

The Indian education system has been a topic of concern and debate for several years. While it has made significant progress in terms of increasing enrollment rates and establishing educational institutions, there are still numerous challenges that need to be addressed. This essay will explore the problems in the Indian education system, discussing key issues and potential solutions. By shedding light on these challenges, we hope to encourage meaningful reforms and improvements in the education sector.

Table of Contents

Essay on Problems in Indian Education System

Access to quality education is a major problem in the Indian education system. Many children, especially those in rural areas, lack access to proper educational facilities. This hampers their learning and overall development. The government needs to focus on bridging the gap and ensuring that every child has equal access to quality education.

Inadequate Infrastructure

Inadequate infrastructure is a significant hurdle in providing quality education. Many schools lack basic amenities such as proper classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and sanitation facilities. This affects the overall learning environment and hampers the educational experience of students.

Shortage of Qualified Teachers

Another issue contributing to the lack of access to quality education is the shortage of qualified teachers. Many schools in rural areas struggle to attract and retain competent teachers. This results in a compromised learning experience for students, as they do not receive proper guidance and mentorship.

Rote Learning and Lack of Practical Application

The Indian education system is often criticized for its emphasis on rote learning rather than practical application of knowledge. This approach stifles creativity and critical thinking among students. It is important to promote a more holistic and experiential learning environment to foster innovation and problem-solving skills.

Exam-oriented Education

The education system in India is heavily focused on exams, which promotes rote learning. Students are often encouraged to memorize information without truly understanding the concepts. This approach limits their ability to apply knowledge to real-world scenarios and hampers their overall development.

Lack of Hands-on Learning

Hands-on learning opportunities are limited in the Indian education system. Practical subjects such as science and technology often lack adequate laboratory facilities, preventing students from gaining practical knowledge. Incorporating more experiential learning methods can help students develop a deeper understanding of the subjects.

Gender Inequality and Social Disparities

Gender inequality and social disparities remain significant challenges in the Indian education system. These issues prevent equal opportunities for all students and perpetuate social and economic gaps.

Gender Bias in Education

Despite efforts to promote gender equality, gender bias in education persists. Girls face barriers such as early marriage, limited access to education, and societal expectations that prioritize domestic roles over education. Eliminating gender discrimination in education is crucial for creating an inclusive and equitable learning environment.

Educational Divide between Rural and Urban Areas

A stark educational divide exists between rural and urban areas in India. Rural students often lack access to quality educational resources, including libraries, digital technology, and extracurricular activities. Bridging this divide requires targeted efforts to improve infrastructure and enhance educational opportunities in rural regions.

Outdated Curriculum and Lack of Vocational Training

The Indian education system’s curriculum is often criticized for being outdated and disconnected from real-world requirements. The focus on theoretical knowledge neglects the importance of vocational training and practical skills development.

Irrelevant Curriculum

The curriculum in Indian schools often fails to align with the evolving needs of society and the job market. It lacks emphasis on critical skills such as communication, problem-solving, and digital literacy. Updating the curriculum to make it more relevant and practical is essential for preparing students for the future.

Insufficient Vocational Training

The Indian education system places limited emphasis on vocational training. Many students graduate without the necessary skills for employment. Integrating vocational training programs into the curriculum can help students acquire practical skills and increase their employability.

Lack of Individual Attention and Counseling

One of the challenges faced by the Indian education system is the lack of individual attention and counseling for students. Large class sizes and limited resources make it difficult for teachers to provide personalized guidance to every student.

High Student-Teacher Ratio

The high student-teacher ratio in Indian schools is a significant obstacle to providing individual attention to students. Teachers are often overwhelmed with large class sizes, making it challenging to address the unique needs and learning styles of each student. Reducing the student-teacher ratio can improve the quality of education and ensure personalized attention.

Inadequate Counseling Services

Counseling services are essential for guiding students in their academic and personal development. However, many schools lack dedicated counselors or have limited resources for counseling programs. Strengthening counseling services can help students overcome challenges and make informed decisions about their education and careers.

The problems in the Indian education system are multi-faceted and require comprehensive reforms. It is crucial to address issues such as lack of access to quality education, rote learning, gender inequality, outdated curriculum, and insufficient individual attention.

By implementing targeted strategies and policies, India can work towards building a robust and inclusive education system that empowers its youth and prepares them for the challenges of the future.

Long Essay on Problems in Indian Education System in 500 Words

The Indian education system faces numerous challenges that hinder its ability to provide quality education to all students. These problems range from inadequate infrastructure and a shortage of qualified teachers to the emphasis on rote learning and the lack of practical application of knowledge.

Gender inequality, social disparities, outdated curriculum, and the absence of vocational training further contribute to the issues plaguing the system. Additionally, the lack of individual attention and counseling for students poses a significant hurdle. Addressing these problems is crucial to building a robust and inclusive education system in India.

One of the primary problems in the Indian education system is the lack of access to quality education. Many children, particularly those in rural areas, do not have access to proper educational facilities.

Inadequate infrastructure, including insufficient classrooms, libraries, and sanitation facilities, hampers the learning environment and negatively impacts students’ educational experience. Additionally, there is a shortage of qualified teachers, especially in rural regions, which compromises the quality of education provided.

Another significant issue is the overemphasis on rote learning and the limited application of knowledge. The education system in India is often criticized for its exam-oriented approach, where students are encouraged to memorize information rather than understanding the concepts.

This leads to a lack of critical thinking and creativity among students. Furthermore, the system lacks hands-on learning opportunities, particularly in subjects like science and technology, where practical knowledge is essential. Incorporating experiential learning methods can foster innovation and problem-solving skills among students.

Gender inequality and social disparities persist within the Indian education system. Girls face numerous barriers, including early marriage, limited access to education, and societal expectations that prioritize domestic roles over education. Eliminating gender bias in education is crucial for creating an inclusive and equitable learning environment.

Additionally, there is a significant educational divide between rural and urban areas. Rural students often lack access to quality educational resources and opportunities, such as libraries, digital technology, and extracurricular activities. Bridging this divide requires targeted efforts to improve infrastructure and enhance educational opportunities in rural regions.

The outdated curriculum in Indian schools is another pressing concern. The curriculum often fails to align with the evolving needs of society and the job market. It lacks emphasis on critical skills such as communication, problem-solving, and digital literacy.

Updating the curriculum to make it more relevant and practical is essential for preparing students for the future. Additionally, the education system places limited emphasis on vocational training, leaving many students without the necessary skills for employment.

Integrating vocational training programs into the curriculum can enhance students’ practical skills and increase their employability.

The Indian education system also faces challenges in providing individual attention and counseling to students. Large class sizes and limited resources make it difficult for teachers to provide personalized guidance. Reducing the student-teacher ratio can improve the quality of education and ensure that each student receives individual attention.

Moreover, inadequate counseling services in schools hinder students’ academic and personal development. Strengthening counseling services can help students overcome challenges and make informed decisions about their education and careers.

In conclusion, the problems in the Indian education system are diverse and require comprehensive reforms. Addressing issues such as lack of access to quality education, rote learning, gender inequality, outdated curriculum, and insufficient individual attention is crucial.

Also read: Essay on Self Confidence

Essay on in Problems in Indian Education System 250 / 300 Words

The Indian education system, despite being one of the largest in the world, faces numerous problems that hinder its effectiveness and inclusivity. One of the primary challenges is the lack of access to quality education, particularly in rural and remote areas.

In these regions, schools often lack essential infrastructure, including proper classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and sanitation facilities. The absence of these basic amenities creates a hostile learning environment for students, impeding their ability to receive a quality education.

Moreover, the lack of access to transportation further compounds the issue. Many students have to travel long distances between their villages and schools, making it difficult for them to attend regularly. This issue disproportionately affects marginalized communities, exacerbating educational inequalities across the country.

The limited availability of educational institutions and the absence of reliable transportation act as barriers that prevent many children from pursuing their education.

Furthermore, there is a significant shortage of qualified and skilled teachers in many schools. This scarcity adversely affects the quality of education imparted to students. Underqualified teachers often struggle to deliver engaging and effective lessons, resulting in a lack of motivation and interest among students.

The absence of proper teacher training programs and professional development opportunities further compound this problem, hindering the overall quality of education.

Additionally, the Indian education system faces challenges related to the assessment and examination processes. The heavy emphasis on standardized testing and high-stakes examinations places immense pressure on students, leading to a culture of rote learning and cramming. This focus on exams often sidelines holistic learning and discourages creativity and critical thinking.

In conclusion, the Indian education system grapples with various problems that hinder its effectiveness and inclusivity. These challenges include the lack of access to quality education in rural areas, outdated teaching methods, shortage of qualified teachers, and a heavy reliance on exams.

Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive approach that focuses on improving infrastructure, promoting innovative teaching methods, investing in teacher training and development, and reevaluating the assessment and examination systems.

Only through concerted efforts can the Indian education system transform into a more inclusive, equitable, and effective platform for nurturing the potential of its students.

Also read: Essay on Domestic Violence

Essay on Problems in Indian Education System in 150 Words

The Indian education system is plagued by numerous challenges that impede its effectiveness and hinder the growth and development of students.

One of the major problems is the lack of quality education, particularly in government-run schools, due to insufficient infrastructure, shortage of qualified teachers, and outdated teaching methods. Another issue is the prevalent rote learning culture, which focuses on memorization rather than understanding, stifling critical thinking and creativity.

Examination pressure is another significant concern, with the emphasis on high-stakes tests creating a stressful and competitive environment for students.

Gender disparity remains a persistent problem, as girls, especially in rural areas, face barriers to education, including societal norms, safety concerns, and limited access to schools. Moreover, there is a stark disparity between rural and urban education, with rural schools lacking basic facilities and resources.

The lack of technical and vocational education, as well as the overemphasis on degree-based education, contribute to a mismatch between graduates’ skills and the demands of the job market.

Addressing these challenges necessitates comprehensive reforms, including investments in infrastructure, teacher training, curriculum updates, and ensuring equitable access to quality education for all students, irrespective of their socio-economic background or gender.

By addressing these issues, India can strive towards a more inclusive and effective education system that prepares students for the challenges of the future.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the major problems in the indian education system.

The major problems in the Indian education system include a lack of access to quality education, rote learning, gender inequality, outdated curriculum, and insufficient individual attention.

How can access to quality education be improved in India?

Improving access to quality education in India requires investment in infrastructure, ensuring a sufficient number of qualified teachers, and implementing policies that promote equal opportunities for all students, regardless of their socio-economic background.

What is the impact of rote learning on students?

Rote learning hampers students’ creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills. It limits their ability to apply knowledge to real-world situations and stifles their overall development.

How can gender inequality in education be addressed?

Addressing gender inequality in education requires creating an inclusive and supportive environment for girls, ensuring equal access to education, and challenging societal norms and stereotypes that hinder girls’ education.

Why is vocational training important in the education system?

Vocational training equips students with practical skills and enhances their employability. It helps bridge the gap between education and the job market, preparing students for future careers.

How can individual attention and counseling be improved in schools?

To improve individual attention and counseling in schools, reducing the student-teacher ratio, hiring dedicated counselors, and providing training for teachers on effective counseling techniques are essential steps.

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Essay on Indian Education System in English for Children and Students

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Table of Contents

Essay on Indian Education System: Indian education system has changed over the time. A major change in our education system came with the colonization of the country by the Britishers. It was the British Government who introduced modern education in India, as they wanted some educated Indians to assist them in administering the state. Indian education system is mainly divided into four stages – lower primary, upper primary, high school and higher secondary.

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Students follow a fixed curriculum up to 10 th standard; though, in higher secondary they get to choose from various streams i.e. science, commerce, etc. Apart from certain textual changes and over time rectifications, nothing much has changed in Indian Education system. The need to reform and restructure our education system has been felt many time. However, no concrete steps have yet been taken in this direction.

Long and Short Essays on Indian Education System in English

Here are Long and Short Essays on Indian Education system in English of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam.

After going through this Indian Education System Essay you will be well versed with the Indian Education system and its shortcomings.

Also, you would be able to assess it and make suggestions for its improvement.

These Essays will help you in your school essay writing competition and also in several debate competitions.

Short Essay on Indian Education System – Essay 1 (200 words)

Indian education system is quite different from that of the foreign nations. The curriculum in the western countries is known to be quite light and based on practical knowledge whereas in India the focus is on theoretical knowledge and acquiring marks by hook or crook.

Students are expected to mug up chapter after chapter and fetch good grades in the class. The marking system in the Indian schools begins from the primary classes thereby burdening little kids. The competition is growing by the day. Parents want their children to outperform their peers and teachers want their class to do better than the other classes.

They are so blinded by the urge of staying ahead of the competition that they do not realize that they are pushing the children in the wrong direction. At an age when the students should be given the chance to explore their interests and hone their creative side, they are pressurized to follow a set curriculum and slog day and night to get good marks.

Instead of making the students understand various concepts of mathematics, physics and other subjects so that they can use them at different stages in their life, the focus is on blindly learning the chapters whether or not the concepts are understood just so that one can get good marks. So, the very basis of the Indian education system is inappropriate.

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Essay on Indian Education System Needs Serious Reforms – Essay 2 (300 words)

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Introduction

Indian education system is said to be old and mundane. In the times, when the organizations are looking for creative and enthusiastic individuals, the Indian schools train the young minds, to follow a set curriculum and behave as they are told for almost fifteen years of their lives. There is no freedom to provide suggestions or share ideas. There is a serious need to reform the Indian education system which in turn helps in developing smarter individuals.

Need to Think Out of the Box

There is a dire need to think out of the box if we want to make new inventions, bring positive changes in the society and prosper at a personal level. However, unfortunately our schools train us otherwise. They tie us to a set study schedule and keep us so busy with completing the assignments and learning theoretical lessons that there is no room left for creativity.

The Indian education system must be changed to make way for creative thinking. Schools must focus on activities that challenge the student’s mind, hone their analytical skills and invoke their creative thinking ability. This will help them perform better in different fields as they grow up.

Need for All Round Development

The primary focus of the Indian education system is on academics. Here also the focus is not on understanding the concept and enhancing knowledge but only on mugging up the lessons with or without understanding them with the sole aim of attaining good marks. Even though some schools have extra-curricular activities, there is hardly one class per week for these activities.

Education in the Indian schools has just been reduced to gaining theoretical knowledge which is not enough to raise an intelligent and responsible individual. The system must be changed to ensure the all round development of the students.

The people in power must understand that the Indian education system requires serious reforms. The system must change to develop students spiritually, morally, physically as well as mentally.

Essay on Indian Education System and Its Development – Essay 3 (400 words)

Indian Education System has seen quite a few changes ever since its inception. It has changed with the changing times and with the changes in the society. However, whether these changes and developments are for good or not is still a question.

The Gurukul

The Indian education system dates back several centuries. From the ancient times, children are being sent to the teachers to learn lessons on different subjects and to add value to their lives and make them skilled to live a self dependent life. During the ancient times, the gurukuls were set up in various parts of the country.

Children went to gurukuls to seek education. They stayed with their guru (teacher) in their ashram until they completed their education. The students were taught various skills, given lessons in different subjects and were even involved in doing the household chores to ensure their all round development.

British Brought About Changes in the Indian Education System

As the Britishers colonized India, the Gurukul system began to fade away as the Britishers set up schools that followed a different education system. The subjects taught in these schools were quite different from that taught in the gurukuls and so was the way the study sessions were conducted.

There was a sudden change in the entire education system of India. The focus shifted from the all round development of the students to the academic performance. This was not a very good change. However, one thing that changed for good during this time was that girls also began to seek education and were enrolled in schools.

Introduction of Educomp Smart Classes

The education system introduced by the British is still prevalent in India. However, with the advancement in technology many schools have adopted to newer means to impart education to the students. Educomp smart classes have been introduced in the schools. These classes have brought about a positive change. Unlike the earlier times when the students only learned from the books, they now get to see their lessons on a big wide screen installed in their class rooms. This makes the learning experience interesting and helps the students grasp better.

In addition to it, many extra-curricular activities are also being introduced by the schools for the all round development of the students. However, the marking system still remains as stringent and the students have to focus largely on their academics.

So, there has been a major shift in the Indian education system since the ancient times. However, we require further reforms in the system for the proper development of the students.

Essay on Education System in India is Good or Bad – Essay 4 (500 words)

The Indian education system is said to be largely flawed. It does more harm than good to the young minds. However, some people may argue that it gives a good platform to the students as it challenges their mind and focuses on increasing their grasping power. The debate on whether the Indian education system is good or bad is ongoing.

The Good and Bad of the Indian Education System

While the people in power discuss the good and the bad in the Indian education system and whether there is a need to bring in reforms or not, here is a look at the pros and cons of the same.

Cons of Indian Education System

Indian education system has many cons. Here is a look at some of the main cons in the system:

Lack of Practical Knowledge

Focus of the Indian education system is on the theoretical part. Teachers read out from the book during the classes and explain the concepts verbally. Students expected to understand even the intricate concepts theoretically. The need to impart practical knowledge is not felt even though it is highly essential.

Focus on Grades

The focus of the Indian schools is on mugging up the chapters to get good grades. Teachers do not bother if the students have understood the concept or not, all they look at is the marks they have obtained.

No Significance to All Round Development

The focus is only on studies. No effort is made to build a student’s character or his physical health. The schools do not contribute in the all round development of their students.

Over Burdening

The students are over burdened with studies. They study for long hours in the school and are given a pile of home work to complete at home. In addition to it, the regular class tests, first term examination, weekly examination and mid-term examination puts a lot of pressure on the young minds.

Pros of Indian Education System

Here are some of the pros of the Indian education system:

Provides Knowledge on Different Subjects

The Indian education system includes a vast curriculum and imparts knowledge on various subjects including maths, environmental science, moral science, social science, English, Hindi and computer science to name a few. All these subjects form a part of the curriculum from the primary classes itself. So, the students gain knowledge about different subjects from an early age.

Inculcates Discipline

The schools in India are very particular about their timings, time table, ethical code, marking system and study schedule. Students need to follow the rules set by the school else they punished. This is a good way to inculcate discipline in the students.

Increases Grasping Power

Owing to the marking and ranking system in the Indian schools, the students required to learn their lessons thoroughly. They need to do so in order to fetch good marks and rank higher than their classmates. They look for different ways to concentrate and grasp better. Those who identify the tools that help them grasp better are able to enhance their grasping power which helps them throughout their lives.

Indian education system has criticized time and again. There is a tremendous need to change this system to ensure proper development of our young generation.

Long Essay on Indian Education System – Essay 5 (600 words)

Indian education system is one of the oldest education systems around the globe. It is unfortunate that while the education systems of the other nations have undergone major changes with the changing times and technological advancement we are still stuck with the old and mundane system. Neither has our system seen any major change in the curriculum nor has there any significant change in the way the education imparted.

Problems with Indian Education System

The Indian education system has numerous problems that hinder the proper growth and development of an individual. One of the main problems with the Indian education system is its marking system. The intelligence of the students judged by the way they perform in a 3 hour theoretical paper rather than by their overall performance in the class. In such a scenario, learning lessons to get good marks becomes the sole aim of the students. They are not able to think beyond it. They not bothered about understanding concepts or enhancing their knowledge all they think about is to look for ways to get good marks.

Another problem is that the focus is only on theory. No importance given to practical learning. Our education system encourages the students to become bookworms and does not prepare them for handling the real problems and challenges of life.

Academics given so much importance that the need to involve the students in sports and art activities overlooked. Students also overburdened with studies. Regular exams held and students scrutinized at every step. This creates acute stress among the students. The stress level of the students continues to grow as they advance to higher classes.

Ways to Improve Indian Education System

Many ideas and suggestions have shared to improve the Indian education system. Some of the ways to change our education system for good include:

Focus on Skill Development

It is the time for the Indian schools and colleges to stop putting so much importance to the marks and ranks of the students and focus on skill development instead. The cognitive, problem solving, analytical and creative thinking skills of the students must enhanced. In order to do so they must involved in various academic as well as extra-curricular activities instead of caging them in the dull class room sessions.

Impart Practical Knowledge

Practical knowledge is very important to develop a thorough understanding of any subject. However, our Indian education system focuses mainly on theoretical knowledge. This needs to changed. Students must imparted practical knowledge for better understanding and application.

Revise the Curriculum

The curriculum of our schools and colleges is the same since decades. It is the time to change it as per the changing times so that the students learn things more relevant to their times. For instance, computer should become one of the main subjects in schools so that students learn how to work efficiently on the same from the very beginning. Similarly, there should classes on developing good communication skills as it is the need of the hour.

Hire Better Teaching Staff

In order to save a few bucks, the educational institutes in our country hire teachers who demand less salary even if they not highly skilled and experienced. This approach must changed. Good teaching staff must hired in order to nurture the young minds well.

Look Beyond Academics

The education system of our country must look beyond academics. Sports, arts and other activities must also given importance to ensure the all round development of students.

While the need to change the Indian education system has emphasized several times nothing much has done in this regard. It is the time to understand the importance of changing this old system for the better future of the children as well as the country as a whole.

More on Education:

  • Article on Importance of Education in our Life
  • Importance of Education in Society
  • Article on Importance of Education for Children
  • Importance of Education for Women

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  • Essay on Education System in India

essay on indian education system in 250 words

Compilation of Essays on ‘Education System in India’ for class 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays and speech on ‘Education System in India’ especially written for school and college students. Also learn about 1. Essay On Education System In India In 200 Words 2. Essay On Education System In India For Upsc 3. 250 Words Essay On Education System In India 4. Essay On Education System In Our Country 5. Problems In Indian Education System Speech 7.Essay on Today’s Education System.

Essay Contents:

  • Essay on Elementary Education
  • Essay on Secondary Education for UPSC
  • Essay on Higher Education for UPSC
  • Essay on Technical Education
  • Essay on Today’s Education System

1. Essay on Education System in India: [250 + words]

A uniform structure of school education, the 10+2 system has been adopted by all the States and Union Territories of India. However, within the States and the UTs, there remains variations in the number of classes constituting the Primary, Upper Primary, High and Higher Secondary school stages, age for admission to class I, medium of instruction, public examinations, teaching of Hindi and English, number of working days in a year, academic session, vacation periods, fee structure, compulsory education, etc.

Stages of School Education in India :

A. The Primary Stage consists of Classes I-V, i.e., of five years duration, in 20 States/UTs namely Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Delhi and Karaikal and Yanam regions of Pondicherry. The primary stage consists of class’s I-IV in Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Mahe region of Pondicherry.

B. The Middle Stage of education comprises Classes VI- VIII in as many as 18 States. UTs viz., Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Delhi and Karaikal region of Pondicherry; Classes V-VII in Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Mahe region of Pondicherry and Classes VI-VII in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Yanam region of Pondicherry. In Nagaland Classes V – VIII constitute the upper primary stage.

C. The Secondary Stage consists of Classes IX-X in 19 States/UTs. viz., Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan , Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Delhi and Karaikal region of Pondicherry. The High School stage comprises classes VIII to X in 13 States/UTs viz., Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Orissa, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Mahe & Yanam regions of Pondicherry. However, the Higher Secondary/Senior Secondary stage of school comprising classes XI-XII (10+2 pattern) is available in all the States/UTs though in some States/UTs these classes are attached to Universities/Colleges.

2. Essay on Elementary Education :

The Government of India lays emphasis to primary education up to the age of fourteen years. It is also called as primary education. The Government of India has also banned child labour in order to ensure that the children do not enter unsafe working conditions.

However, both free education and the ban on child labour arc difficult job due to pre­vailing economic disparity and social conditions. More than two third of all recognized schools at the elementary stage are government run or supported, making it the largest provider of education in the Country.

The Right of Children to Free & Compulsory Education :

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 as well as Article 21 A, inserted in the Constitution of India through the Constitution (Eighty-Sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, became operational on 1st April, 2010. This milestone achieve­ment was market by the Prime Minister’s address to the Nation.

The Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has rightly said- Right to Education Act will realize the dreams of many children across the nation… “This demonstrates our national commitment to the education of our children and to the future of India. We are a nation of young people. Education will determine the well-being of our nation. Education is the key to progress. It empowers the individuals. If we nurture our children through right to education then India’s future is secured”. The RTE Act entitles every child with the right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

(i) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India’s flagship programme for achieve­ment of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right. SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.

The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have school­ing facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of addi­tional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.

Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by extensive train­ing, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district level.

SSA seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has a special focus on girl’s education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an effort to universalise elementary education by community-ownership of the school system.

It is a response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country. The SSA programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children, through provision of community-owned quality education in a mission mode.

Concept of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

(i) A programme with a clear time frame for universal elementary education.

(ii) A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country.

(iii) An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education.

(iv) An effort at effectively involving the Panchayati Raj Institutions, School Manage­ment Committees, Village and Urban Slum Level Education Committees, Parents’ Teachers’ Associations, Mother Teacher Associations, Tribal Autonomous Coun­cils and other grass root level structures in the management of elementary schools.

(v) An expression of political will for universal elementary education across the coun­try.

(vi) A partnership between the Central, State and the local government.

(vii) An opportunity for States to develop their own vision of elementary education.

Aims of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6 to 14 age group by 2010. There is also another goal to bridge social, regional and gender gaps, with the active participation of the community in the manage­ment of schools. Useful and relevant education signifies a quest for an education system that is not alienating and that draws on community solidarity.

Its aim is to allow children to learn about and master their natural environment in a manner that allows the fullest harnessing of their human potential both spiritually and materially. This quest must also be a process of value based learning that allows children an opportunity to work for each other’s well-being rather than to permit mere selfish pursuits.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan realizes the importance of Early Childhood Care and Education and looks at the 0-14 age as a continuum. All efforts to support pre-school learning in ICDS centres or special pre-school centres in non-ICDS areas will be made to supple­ment the efforts being made by the Department of Women and Child Development.

Objectives of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

Objectives of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan are as fol­lows:

(i) All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ‘Back-to- School’ camp by 2003;

(ii) All children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007;

(iii) All children complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010;

(iv) Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on educa­tion for life;

(v) Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010;

(vi) Universal retention by 2010.

Revision of SSA norms:

In September, 2009 the Government of India set a committee under the Chairmanship of Shri Anil Bordia, a former Union Education secretary to suggest follow up action on SSA viz., the RTE Act.

On the basis of the recommendation of the Committee, SSA’s Frame­work of Implementation is under revision and the following norms have been modified to align them with the requirement of RTE Act, 2009:

(i) New Schools:

SSA would support opening of new primary and upper primary schools as per neighbourhood norms prescribed by the State Governments in their RTE Rules; all alternate schooling facilities provided through centres under the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) to be upgraded to regular formal schools within a period of two years.

(ii) Teachers:

Issues of teacher availability and teacher training need to be addressed. Sanction of teachers and part-time instructors for Art Education, Health and Physi­cal Education and Work Education as per norms prescribed in the Schedule to the RTE Act.

(iii) Additional Classrooms:

Provision of additional classrooms so that every teacher has a classroom to herself/himself; also provision of a room for head teacher- cum-office.

(iv) Special Training for Out-of-School Children:

Provision of Special Training for out- of-school and drop out children to facilitate age – appropriate admission man­dated under section 4 of the RTE Act. The centre functioning under SSA’s Alter­nate and Innovative Education (AIE) programme are reconceptualised to provide Special Training in residential or non-residential mode in a flexible duration of three months to two years depending on the needs of the child.

(v) Eight Year EE Cycle:

In order to facilitate all State Governments to move towards an eight year elementary education cycle comprising five years of primary + three years of upper primary schooling, the SSA norms have been revised to provide teaching learning equipment (TLE) to enable States to merge class 5 and class 8 with the primary and upper primary stage respectively, and thus move towards an eight year elementary education cycle.

(vi) Uniforms:

The RTE Act mandates free and compulsory education for all children in Government schools. Uniforms constitute an expense which poor families are often not able to afford, and thus becomes a barrier for many children to pursue and complete elementary education. SSA will provide two sets of uniform to all girls, SC, ST children and BPL children, wherever (i) State Governments have, incorporated provision of school uniforms as a child entitlement in their State RTE Rules, and (ii) State Governments are not already providing uniforms from the State budgets.

Procurement of uniforms would, however, be in decentralized mode at the Gram Panchayat or SMC level.

(vii) Transportation:

Children in remote habitations with sparse populations or in urban areas where availability of land is a problem may not find access to neighbourhood schools. Such children may be provided support for transporta­tion.

(viii) Residential Facilities:

There are certain areas in the country where it may be unviable to set up schools.

Residential facilities may be provided for these children under SSA. However, there may an inherent difficulty in locating such schools all over the country; the establishment of residential schools should therefore be restricted, as an excep­tion measure to sparsely populated, hilly/forested terrains and for urban deprived children, street children and children without adult protection.

(ix) Augmenting academic support at block and cluster level to ensure that States follow the curriculum and evaluation procedure mandated under section 29 of the RTE Act, and provide appropriate and adequate on-site subject support to teachers.

Sanction of KGBVs in educationally backward blocks. An additional 1073 KGBVs have been approved for sanction in educationally backward blocks.

Eleventh Plan Targets for Elementary Education :

(i) Universal enrolment of 6-14 age group children including the hard to reach seg­ment.

(ii) Substantial improvement in quality and standards with the ultimate objective to achieve standards of Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs) under the Central Board of Sec­ondary Education (CBSE) pattern.

(iii) All gender, social, and regional gaps in enrolments to be eliminated by 2011-12.

(iv) One year pre-school education (PSE) for children entering primary school.

(v) Dropout at primary level to be eliminated and the dropout rate at the elementary level to be reduced from over 5096 to 20% by 2011-12.

(vi) Universalized MDMS at elementary level by 2008-09.

(vii) Universal coverage of ICT at UPS by 2011-12.

(viii) Significant improvement in learning conditions with emphasis on learning basic skills, verbal and quantitative.

(ix) All EGS centres to be converted into regular primary schools.

(x) All States/UTs to adopt NCERT Quality Monitoring Tools.

(xi) Strengthened BRCs/CRCs- 1 CRC for every 10 schools and 5 resource teachers per block.

3. Essay on Secondary Education for Upsc :

A significant feature of India’s secondary school system is the emphasis on inclusion of the disadvantaged sections of the society. Professionals from established institutes are often called to support in vocational training. Another feature of India’s secondary school system is its emphasis on profession based vocational training to help students to attain skills for finding a vocation of his/her choosing. A significant new feature has been the extension of SSA to secondary education in the form of the Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. A special Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) programme was started in 1974 with a focus on primary education.

But which was converted into Inclusive Educa­tion at Secondary Stage another notable special programme, the Kendriya Vidyalaya project, was started for the employees of the Central Government of India, who are distributed throughout the country. The government started the Kendriya Vidyalaya project in 1965 to provide uniform education in institutions following the same syllabus at the same pace regardless of the location to which the employee’s family has been transferred.

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan :

This scheme was launched in March, 2009 with the objective to enhance access to sec­ondary education and improve its quality and the implementation of the scheme started from 2009-10. It is envisaged to achieve an enrolment rate of 75% from 52.26% in 2005-06 at secondary stage within 5 years by providing a secondary school within a reasonable distance of any habitation.

The other objectives include improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, providing universal access to secondary level education by 2017, i.e., by the end of 12th Five Year Plan and achieving universal retention by 2020.

(i) Broad physical targets include providing facilities for estimated,

(ii) Additional enrolment of more than 32 lath/students by 2011-12,

(iii) Strengthening of about 44,000 existing secondary schools,

(iv) Opening of around 11,000 new secondary schools,

(v) Appointment of additional teachers to improve Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR), and

(vi) Construction of more than 80,000 additional classrooms.

Components :

Important physical facilities to be provided in schools include:

(i) Additional class rooms,

(ii) Laboratories,

(iii) Libraries,

(iv) Art and crafts room,

(v) Toilet blocks,

(vi) Drinking water provisions,

(vii) Electricity/telephone/internet connectivity.

Targets for the Eleventh Plan :

The Eleventh Plan aims to:

(i) Raise the minimum levels of education to class X and accordingly universalize access to secondary education;

(ii) Ensure good quality secondary education with focus on Science, Mathematics, and English;

(iii) Aim towards major reduction in gender, social, and regional gaps in enrolments, dropouts, and school retention;

(iv) The norm will be to provide a secondary school within 5 km and a higher second­ary school within 7-8 km of every habitation; and

(v) The GER in secondary education is targeted to increase from 52% in 2004-05 to 75% by 2011-12 and the combined secondary and senior secondary GER from 40% to 65% in the same period. Scheme for Universal Access and Quality at the Sec­ondary Stage (SUCCESS).

Problems of Secondary Education

1. Different committees and commissions before and after independence have mentioned various aims of secondary education. But secondary educational institutions in practice do not try to materialise those aims. The so-called aims are practically paper-aims. During pre- independence days the only aim of secondary education was to secure white-collar jobs, this is no doubt a very narrow aim.

Even secondary education is not complete by itself. It is a stepping-stone for admis­sions in colleges and universities. Secondary education is thus re­garded as a passport for higher education. Hence the main defect of secondary education is its aimlessness. Secondary education must have definite aims related to practical life and the secondary schools should try to realise those aims in every possible manner.

2. Secondary education is theoretical, bookish, narrowly conceived and unpractical. It creates social misfits and does not fulfill the needs of life. It is not life-centred. It should not increase unemploy­ment and should help to produce able, self-dependent and patriotic citizens.

The current secondary education has aggravated the un­employment problem. Therefore we have to make our secondary ed­ucation so useful that the students having passed this stage do not run only for admission to universities and unemployment does not increase and they become economically independent by having acquired some vocational skills of productive nature acquired some vocational skills of productive nature.

3. The present secondary education is not related to productivity. In most of the western countries secondary education is highly related to productivity. But this is not so in our country. Secondary education in India does not help to augment national production both in agricultural as well as in industrial.

Both the Mudaliar Commis­sion (1952-53) and the Kothari Commission (1964-66) strongly rec­ommended for making secondary education productive. But this has not been achieved at the desired level. The schemes of core peri­phery and work experience have failed miserably and the plus- two stage has not yet been vocationalised as propose.

4. The secondary education in our country is not helpful for economic development of the nation and rapid social transformation. No man-power training is possible in the present set-up of secondary education in India. Secondary education must prepare an adolescent for India’s technical and industrial growth though proper utiliza­tion of the natural resources.

5. In the present system of secondary education there is little scope for total development of personality or individuality which is the avowed aim of education in all ages and in all countries. Adoles­cent stage which covers secondary education is the proper stage for such development.

India now requires men of glorified and sublime personalities and not men of timid characters. Secondary education has a role to play in this regard.

6. There is little scope for character training in the present system of secondary education. Character is the crown of life. Value educa­tion is essential for character training but our secondary education does not attach much importance to education for values such as toleration, cooperation, fellow-feeling, truthfulness, modesty, re­spect to teachers or elders, spirit of self-respect, faith in national cultural tradition, secularism etc. Since independence our society is confronted with crisis of character and rapid erosion of eternal val­ues.

The secondary school stage is the suitable stage for the cultiva­tion of those values. Our main purpose is to produce youths of char­acter. Our education has not only to impart bookish knowledge but to give such a knowledge which may contribute to personal, social and national prosperity. We want all-round development of our children-physical, mental, moral, spiritual etc.

7. Secondary education also does not provide opportunities for leader­ship training. Students are the future leaders in different walks of our national life and as such their traits of leadership should be cultivated when they are young and sensitive enough. Secondary stage can be regarded as the breeding ground for leadership train­ing. Organisation of and participation in co-curricular activities can help in this regard to a great extent.

8. The present secondary education in our country is not congenial to effective, democratic and productive citizenship which is the need of the hour. We need able, dutiful and self-dedicated citizens for making our infant democracy a success, who are imbued with the spirit of intelligent patriotism contributing to the rapid prosperity of the country. Our secondary education does not help to develop ci­vic sense in children and to shoulder gallantly multifarious civic duties and responsibilities. Independent India requires citizens trained in democratic values of life and citizenship.

9. Development of social efficiency is not possible in the present set­up of secondary education in our country. Every individual has a so­cial self. For an integrated personality development of this social self is essential which is neglected by our secondary education. There is also close relationship between education and society. If social aspect of education is neglected no society can prosper and at­tain the desired growth.

10. Man cannot live by bread alone. He wants something more which is nothing but culture. But education and culture are not synonymous. Culture is more than education. Still education forms the basis of culture and develops the cultural potentiality of an individual. National cultural regeneration is not possible without cultural re­generation of the individual. Secondary education should enrich our traditional culture-pattern and imbibe new cultural ingredients from other countries.

11. Secondary education today neglects co-curricular activities. Mere curricular activities cannot help to develop all round personality of an individual. Here lies the need of organisation of a co- curricular activities.

12. Physical education is not emphasised by the present system of sec­ondary education in our country. Today we need Spartan outlook. Human beings are essentially psycho-physical in nature. National security depends to a large extent on its able bodied citizens. Sound mind is not possible without sound body. Swami Vivekananda greatly emphasised physical education. “We can reach God even through football”, Swamiji remarked. Most of the secondary schools of our country possess minimum facilities for physical edu­cation. Many of them have no play-grounds. This is particularly true in cities where the students play in the streets. 60% of secon­dary students suffer from malnutrition. However, new Education Policy (1986) has emphasised physical education.

13. Many secondary schools still suffer from the inadequate number of able and trained teachers. Training is a pre-requisite condition for successful teaching and professional growth. Able and suitable teachers are also not available everywhere particularly in rural Areas.

Our secondary teachers’ training programme is also faulty and has made the problem crucial. Teachers should be trained in basic and vocational curriculum also. Teachers are like the spinal chord of the school. The school cannot function well if the teachers are inefficient and inadequate in number. Today the schools have few able teachers. Now we need urgently vocationally trained teachers to make the scheme of vocationalization of secondary ed­ucation a success.

Still many secondary teachers are untrained. Dearth of efficient and properly trained teachers is a peculiar fea­ture of present-day secondary schools. The teaching profession do not attract talented students. Conditions of work and service of teachers should be improved. Private tuition by teachers should also be discouraged.

14. The curriculum poses a great problem in the field of secondary education. It is difficult to have an universally accepted curriculum because the needs of one state differ from the others. Our country is a multi-lingual and multi-religious country. The NCERT and the All India Council for Secondary Education are trying to forge out a universally accepted curriculum.

In recent years the Secondary School Curriculum is almost uniform with some variations according to local needs. Inspite of this there are some inherent defects in the curriculum. Both the Mudaliar and Kothan Commissions made some fruitful suggestions to make the secondary- school curriculum up-to-date and useful.

But these have not produced the desired results. Many defects still persist in the curriculum and new defects have appeared. It does not properly reflect the needs of the individual as well as the society. It is narrowly conceived and is largely of unilateral character. There is not sufficient variety and elasticity.

It is theoretical bookish unpractical and not life-centred. “The education imparted in most secondary schools is, generally speaking, of the academic type leading at the end of the school course to university admission rather than entry into a vocation”. The curriculum is heavy and overloaded particularly at the plus-two stage.

The curriculum still lays great emphasis on the acquisition of the knowledge and comparatively little on the building up of those skills, aptitudes, values and interests which are essential for the full development of the student personality. There is little scope for vocational training which is essential for rapid economic development, proper utilization of natural and human resources of the country.

15. The curriculum has intimate connection with the method of teach­ing. The method followed by most of the secondary teachers is ste­reotyped, obsolete and un-psychological. Modern activity-centred methods are not applied by the teachers. Many of them are not fa­miliar with these methods and as such they fail to attract the at­tention tension of the students.

As a result the lessons become unproductive and the effects are far from satisfactory. There are practical diffi­culties also in way of applying modem methods of teaching in our school situations. Many schools are not properly equipped with la­boratory and library facilities, necessary teaching aids and appli­ances.

Most of the secondary schools are over-crowded, ill-staffed and suffer from inadequate number of teachers and accommodation. The average teacher-pupil ratio is 1: 50. But for effective arid creative teaching it should be 1: 30. There is little scope for tutori­al work. No fruitful teaching is possible without personal contact between the teacher and the taught.

16. Next comes the problem of text-books which is also intimately connected with the problem of curriculum and methodology of teaching. Many students suffer from want of text-books which are very costly. Text-books are often changed. This has added fuel to the fire. 45% of the population in our country lives below the subsistence level. It is not possible for them to purchase text-books for their children and to supply necessary stationery needed for educational purposes.

They cannot bear other educational expenses of their wards. It might have been better if text-books could be supplied free of cost. In many socialistic as well as capitalistic countries text books are supplied free of cost upto secondary level. But our educational system has not yet been nationalised and the budgetary provision for education is very scanty. It is only 2½ %. Under the circumstances, the Govt. should give financial assistance to the private publishers so that the prices of text-books may be kept at reasonable level. Due to competition the private publishers also will be forced to maintain the reasonable quality or standard.

17. The entire system of education is vitiated by examination. The educational achievements of students are measured by the single measuring rod known as examination. The prevailing essay-type examination dominates the educational arena. But it has developed a large number of defects and as such it is no longer regarded as the only measuring rod for determining the academic achievements of students.

The main charge against the essay-type examination is that it is vitiated by subjectivity. For this reason, along with essay-type examination which has its own intrinsic merits objective type tests and short-answer type tests have been introduced. But the latter two are not entirely free from defects.

It is true that these have improved the examination process and made the system more scientific and reliable. We cannot reject the essay type examination altogether. But it should be reformed in the desired channels. Some reforms are needed after careful thinking and a good deal of research.

The Radhakrishna Commission, the Hartog Committee, the Mudaliar Commission and the Kothari Commission all have made important recommendations and observations in respect to examination reform. Many of these have been put into operation and still many are under consideration. External examination alone should not be accepted as a tool for measuring the academic achievements of students.

Internal evaluation throughout the year by the internal teachers should also be used for examining the students. Bi-weekly or monthly tests of the students should also be considered for assessing their academic achievements. Instead of percentile marks abilities of students should be measured in grades. For this purpose a five point scale (A, B, C, D, E) may be used. Along with essay type questions at least 30 percent of the total marks should be assigned to objective tests.

18. Many secondary schools suffer from inadequate finance. Our educa­tional system has not yet been nationalised. But public and private sectors run side by side. Most of the secondary schools are under pri­vate sector. Government schools are very few. The schools run by private sector have always to face the problem of inadequate funds.

For running of the schools they have to look for the Govt. grants which are very meagre and paid irregularly. As a result pri­vate aided schools cannot maintain proper standard. Teachers are not paid regularly and disgruntled teachers cannot act properly. Neither have they had good school buildings nor good teachers and suitable teaching materials. Both the Govt. and the public should co-operate with each other for organising the necessary funds for the schools.

19. The teacher-training programmes in our country are inadequate and far from satisfactory. Teaching is a difficult task. It is an art. Only academic degrees cannot make one an able and ideal teacher. Teaching is not only a profession; it is also a mission. Dedicated teachers are now-a-days very few. Training is essential for every teacher. Still many secondary teachers are untrained.

Number of training institutions is limited. It is very difficult to get admission in training colleges. Existing institutions are overloaded. The peri­od of training is also too short. It is ten to eleven months. At the sec­ondary level it should be at least two years. The most objectionable part of the training programme is the conducting of the practice teaching.

Above all what the teachers learn during training period they can not apply it after going back to their respective schools. So training remains as paper-training. For professional growth and efficiency there should be adequate arrangements for in service training programmes during puja or summer vacations through the organisation of refresher course, short intensive course, workshop, seminar, conference etc.

20. The administration of the secondary schools does not appear to be efficient. Education administration in India is a three-tier process – Central, Slate and district. Secondary education is for all practical purposes under the control of the State Govts. though the Central Govt. formulates general policy and guidelines applicable all over the country uniformly. But there is a dual administration over secondary schools in each state – the Department of Education and the State Board of Secondary Education.

The Board determines the nature of the curriculum, text books and conducts examinations. The Department formulates general policies, allocates funds and takes measures for professional efficiency and training of teachers. Because of this dual control the secondary schools are not achiev­ing their purposes, because of lack of harmony and co-ordination between the officers of these two controlling units.

In fact, there should be a mutual cooperation between the two for achieving the objectives of secondary education. Unusual delay takes place in taking important decisions and in disposing files. Red-tapism is the order of the day. Due to ill decisions or delay in decisions schools and their teachers had to suffer tremendous financial hardships.

At least 25,000 litigations are pending in West Bengal. These cases should be disposed of at an early date in the interest of education irrespective of political affiliation of teachers. Supervi­sion is a part of administration. Secondary schools are not properly supervised by school inspectors. Inspection is almost a far cry in the field of secondary education. There are different graded Govt. In­spectors, but the number of inspectors is not sufficient.

The inspec­tors are so busy with their files in their offices that they get little time for supervision and inspection of schools under their charge. Moreover, the attitude of the inspectors in respect of teachers is be­low the norm. Their attitude appears to be that of a master. But they should know that they are co-partners of teachers. Their at­titude should be democratic and they should try to solve the diffi­culties of the teachers and problems of the schools.

21. Many schools suffer from an atmosphere of indiscipline and non- academic activities. This is mainly due to the influence of politi­cal parties. Almost every political party has a student wing and it very often interferes with the day to day administration of schools. This is not desirable in the interest of smooth running of school administration and maintaining academic atmosphere in schools.

It is true that sometimes school management takes wrong decisions and makes delay in taking decisions which aggravate the situation. All litigations and problems should be solved through discussions round the table. Probably for maintaining proper academic tone in educational institutions the National Edu­cation Policy, 1986 has proposed depoliticisation of education. The proposal is welcomed from academic point of view.

22. The education imparted in secondary schools is not psychologically sound as it does not provide ample opportunities to the students to receive education according to their abilities, interests and apti­tudes It is not based on the pedagogical concept of individual dif­ferences.

It does not fulfill the needs and aspirations of adolescent children. The only remedy to this situation is the introduction of varied and diversified curriculum in secondary schools.

23. Since independence the growth of secondary education is tremen­dous. The demand for secondary education has increased to a large extent because it is now regarded as the minimum level of education for an individual. Still all the students between the age group 14 – 18 are not provided with opportunities for having secondary educa­tion.

All who have completed elementary education are not getting admissions because of dearth of accommodation. The only solution to this pressing problem is “open door policy” in respect of admis­sion in secondary schools. Admission should not be selective up to Class X. More schools should be set up. More expansion is needed but surely not at the cost of qualitative improvement.

24. Secondary education has not yet been nationalised. It is still a privilege in the hands of a certain sections of population. This is extremely regrettable. Secondary schools differ in their standards. There are thousands of sub-standard schools in the country. Due to financial difficulties many students are deprived of secondary edu­cation.

Secondary education is not even free throughout India. Boys enjoy more educational privileges than girls. Educational privileg­es are far better in cities than in villages. This situation should be ameliorated by providing equal opportunities of education to all children reading in secondary schools irrespective of caste, creed, sex, social and economic status. This is possible only through na­tionalisation of education.

25. Since independence quality of secondary education has suffered a set-back. This is caused by various reasons such as paucity of funds want of suitable equipment’s, ever increasing pressure on enrolment, dearth of able and dedicated teachers and faulty planning. There is large number of sub-standard secondary schools in the country.

A good number of superfluous schools also exist. Many schools are devoid of minimum infrastructural provision. Secondary education is still the weakest link in our educational chain. Wastage is mounting in secondary level also due to failures. Only qualitative improvement of secondary education can reduce this huge wastage. Quantity and quality should go hand in hand.

4. Essay on Higher Education for Upsc :

India’s higher education system is the third largest in the world, after China and the United States. The main governing body at the tertiary level is the University Grants Commission (India), which enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the centre and the state. Accreditation for higher learning is over­seen by 12 autonomous institutions established by the University Grants Commission.

University Grants Commission :

The University Grants Commission (UGC), established in November, 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament, has been vested with two main responsibilities: that of coordination, determination and maintenance of standards in higher education and that of providing funds to achieve its objectives.

Besides, the mandate of the UGC includes advising the Central and State Governments on the measures necessary for improvement of university education, saving as a vital link between the Union and State Governments and institutions of higher learning, monitor­ing developments in the field of university and collegiate education, etc. The UGC func­tions from New Delhi as well as through its six Regional Offices located in Bangalore, Bhopal, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Pune.

Growth of Higher Education :

The growth has been phenomenal since India’s independence at which time there were 20 Universities and 500 Colleges. The total profile of the type and the number of Higher Education Institutions in summarized in the Exhibit 3.2

essay on indian education system in 250 words

Education System in India Essay, 100, 200, 300, 500 Words

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Education System in India Essay 100 Words

In India, the education system is crucial for shaping the future of its citizens. It consists of primary, secondary, and higher education stages. Primary education focuses on basic subjects and fundamental skills. Secondary education offers more specialized subjects and allows students to choose their preferred stream. Higher education provides specialized knowledge in various fields.

Challenges include ensuring access to quality education for all and addressing the rote-learning approach. Reforms are being implemented to promote inclusive education and bridge the urban-rural divide. Initiatives like digital classrooms and vocational training aimed to enhance the quality of education. India strives for an empowering education system that prepares citizens for the future.

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Paragraph an Education System in India 200 Words

The education system in India plays a crucial role in shaping the future of its citizens. It consists of primary, secondary, and higher education stages. Primary education focuses on fundamental subjects like mathematics, science, social studies, and languages to build a strong foundation in literacy and numeracy. Secondary education offers specialized subjects and allows students to choose streams like science, commerce, or humanities.

Higher education provides undergraduate and postgraduate programs in fields such as engineering, medicine, law, arts, commerce, and science. Challenges exist in ensuring equal access to quality education and addressing the rote-learning approach in some schools. Efforts are being made to bridge the urban-rural divide and promote inclusive education through digital classrooms, vocational training, and scholarships.

Reforms are being implemented to foster creativity, critical thinking, and overall development. Despite the challenges, the education system strives to prepare individuals for their future roles in society. By providing equitable opportunities and a student-centric approach, India aims to build a robust education system that empowers its citizens and prepares them for the opportunities and challenges of the future. The education system in India holds immense potential in preparing individuals for their future roles in society. It encompasses primary, secondary, and higher education stages, each catering to specific objectives.

Education System in India Essay

Essay on Change in the Education System in India 300 Words

What is indian education.

 The Indian education system is a vast network of schools, colleges, and universities that provide knowledge, skills, and values to its students. It encompasses various stages, from primary education to higher education, offering a wide range of subjects and fields of study. The system aims to equip individuals with the necessary tools to succeed academically, professionally, and personally.

Similarities Between Mainstream Education and Indian Education 

Indian education shares some similarities with mainstream education systems around the world. It emphasizes foundational subjects such as mathematics, science, languages, and social studies. It follows a structured curriculum and evaluation system to assess students’ knowledge and progress. Furthermore, it focuses on building essential skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication.

History of the Education System 

The roots of the Indian education system can be traced back to ancient times. Ancient India had renowned centers of learning, such as Takshashila and Nalanda, attracting students from various parts of the world. Formal education was imparted through Gurukuls, where students lived with their teachers and learned through a guru-disciple relationship. Over time, the education system evolved with the influence of colonial rulers and the introduction of modern education.

Problems of the Indian Education System

 The Indian education system faces several challenges. One major issue is the lack of access to quality education, especially in remote areas and disadvantaged communities. Disparities exist in terms of infrastructure, teacher quality, and resources. Another concern is the heavy reliance on rote learning and memorization, which hampers critical thinking and creativity. Additionally, there is often an overemphasis on academic performance and limited focus on practical skills and vocational training.

How Can We Improve the Indian Education System? 

To enhance the Indian education system, several measures can be taken. First, there is a need for increased investment in education infrastructure, especially in rural and underprivileged areas. This includes providing adequate facilities, qualified teachers, and learning resources. Second, there should be a shift towards a more holistic and student-centric approach that encourages critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills. This can be achieved through innovative teaching methods, project-based learning, and promoting of extracurricular activities. Third, vocational training and skill development programs should be integrated into the curriculum to equip students with practical skills that align with industry requirements. Lastly, continuous teacher training and professional development should be emphasized to enhance the quality of education delivery.

Education System in India Essay 500 Words

What is indian education .

The Indian education system is a vast and diverse network of educational institutions that aim to provide knowledge, skills, and values to students across the country. It encompasses various levels, including primary, secondary, and higher education. The system is designed to impart academic knowledge, foster critical thinking, promote holistic development, and prepare individuals for their future roles in society.

Indian education shares similarities with mainstream education systems worldwide. It focuses on foundational subjects such as mathematics, science, languages, and social studies. The curriculum is structured, with examinations and assessments to evaluate students’ understanding and progress. Moreover, the objective of equipping students with skills like problem-solving, effective communication, and collaboration is a common goal shared by many education systems globally.

The history of education in India dates back thousands of years. Ancient India had well-established centers of learning, such as Takshashila and Nalanda universities, which attracted scholars from different parts of the world. The Gurukul system, where students lived with their teachers, played a significant role in imparting knowledge and values. With the advent of colonial rule, the education system underwent transformations, with the introduction of Western education models. Post-independence, India’s education system focused on expanding access to education and promoting social equity.

Problems of the Indian Education System 

The Indian education system faces several challenges that need to be addressed. One significant issue is the lack of access to quality education, particularly in rural and economically disadvantaged areas. Insufficient infrastructure, inadequate resources, and a shortage of qualified teachers contribute to this disparity. Another concern is the rote-learning approach, which emphasizes memorization over conceptual understanding and critical thinking. This approach hampers creativity and problem-solving skills among students. Additionally, there is a need to improve the relevance of the curriculum to align it with the evolving needs of the job market and society.

To improve the Indian education system, various measures can be taken. Firstly, there should be increased investment in education, including infrastructure development, teacher training, and the provision of necessary resources. Efforts should be made to bridge the urban-rural divide and ensure equitable access to quality education for all students. Secondly, there is a need to promote learner-centered approaches that encourage active participation, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

This can be achieved through project-based learning, collaborative activities, and integrating technology into teaching and learning processes. Thirdly, vocational education and skill development should be given more prominence, preparing students for diverse career opportunities and reducing the overemphasis on academic qualifications. Fourthly, teacher training programs should focus on enhancing pedagogical skills, promoting innovative teaching methods, and fostering a student-centric approach. Additionally, continuous professional development should be encouraged to keep educators updated with the latest trends and methodologies in education.

In conclusion, the Indian education system is a complex entity that plays a vital role in shaping the future of the nation. While it has made significant progress, there are challenges that need to be addressed. By investing in infrastructure, promoting innovative teaching approaches, ensuring equitable access, and enhancing teacher training, India can improve its education system. 

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Essay On Education System In India 2000+ Words

Education system in India

 Essay On Education System In India 2000+ Words

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Essay On Education System In India

Introduction.

This education system profile provides an in-depth overview of the structure of the E ducation System in India , its academic institutions, quality assurance mechanisms, and grading practices, also as trends in outbound and inbound student mobility.

Essay On Education System In India

What is Education?

‘ Education is the most powerful weapon with which you can change the world- Nelson Mandela

Education is the process of acquiring knowledge, data, skills, beliefs, values, and habits.

While talking about education people usually confuse it with schooling. When seeing or hearing the word (Education), many peoples imagine places like schools or colleges. Also, they consider specific jobs such as teachers or tutors.

Education means ” To prepare a person to handle the challenges of every day of life.”

The problem with this is that while looking to help people learn, the way a lot of the schools and teachers operate isn’t necessarily something we will properly call education. they need to be chosen or fallen or been pushed into “schooling”- trying to drill learning into people according to some plan often involved by others.

Such ‘schooling’ quickly descends into treating learners like objects, things to be acted upon instead of people to be related to.

The whole purpose of education is to show the mirror to windows. education must help to question, Inquire, act, and rethink.

Education may be a social process- ‘a process of living and not a preparation for future living. The task of educators is to develop potential. Such education is hopeful. it’s a process of inviting truth and possibility. it’s a cooperative and inclusive activity that appears to assist people to live their lives, as well as they can.

Characteristics of Education 

  • Education as a process
  • Education as a product
  • Education as a discipline
  • Education as growth and development
  • Education as direction
  • Education as developing mental faculties
  • Education is the acquisition of knowledge and skill.

Essay On Education System In India

There are many types of education:-

  • Child Education
  • Adult Education
  • Technical Education
  • Health Education
  • Physical Education

Education is classified under these three categories:-

Formal education, informal education, non-formal education.

  • It is an institutionalized process
  • Everything is systematic and organized
  • There will be a particular procedure for evaluation
  • There will be a particular procedure for admission

Characteristics of Formal Education

  • Systematically organized and institutionalized
  • Planned with a particular end in view
  • Limited to a specific period or stage
  • It has a well-defined and systematic curriculum
  • Given by specially qualified teachers
  • observes strict discipline
  • Informal education takes place naturally in the process of living
  • Learning education from spontaneous or incidents
  • Not scheduled or deliberate
  • It is not imparted by any professional organization
  • No  prescribed  program  or  time  schedule 
  • It is a life-long process.
  • Non-formal education is systematic and organized but does not happen in the realm of formal education.
  • Does have agencies
  • As per the need of the client, there will be; flexibility in teaching and curriculum.

Characteristics of Non-Formal Education

  • Organized, Systematic education carried outside the framework of the established formal system
  • Outside the realm of formal education
  • Conscious and deliberate
  • It is organized for a homogeneous group
  • It serves the need of the identified group

Education System in Ancient India

  • The education system in India during ancient times can be traced back to the 3rd century B.C., at this time, the Gurukul Education system in India existed.
  • These gurukuls were primarily residential schools where the Sishyas (students) lived in the same house with their gurus (teachers)
  • The rishis imparted education orally. the bark of trees and palm leaves were used for writing. The teaching methods used were reasoning and questioning.
  • Character formation and personality development, infusion of spiritual and religious values were mainly imparted by the guru into Sishyas through the Gurukul system of education.
  • Education was free, but the students paid “Gurudakshina,” a voluntary contribution after the completion of their studies.
  • Through Upanayana, a student was initiated into Brahmacharya. This time period was exclusively allotted for Vedic education. During this pupil, was under complete self-discipline and self-control. all sorts of luxuries and pleasures were to be avoided.
  • Herbal medicine, Astronomy, Drama, Philosophy, Astrology, Literature, warfare, Statecraft, and History were the most common subjects.
  • Vedic education included: proper pronunciation and recitation of the Veda, the rules of sacrifice, grammar, and understanding the secret of nature.
  • The Upnishads encouraged an exploratory learning process where teachers and students co-travelers in a search for truth.
  • The Mahabharata and Ramayana too were a part of ancient Indian education. these epic poems discussed human goals, and explain the duty of the individual to society and the world through the concept of Drama.
  • Essay on Women’s Education in India in 1000+ Word s

Education System in Medieval India

  • Medieval India saw the flourishing of higher education at Nalanda, Takshila, Ujjain, and Vikramshila Universities.
  • Painting, Logic, Astronomy, Grammar, Art, Architecture, Buddhism, Arthashastra (Economics, Politics), Law, and Medicine were famous subjects.
  • Education in medieval India expressed a new perspective in the 11th century when the Muslims established elementary and secondary schools. These were established by emperors and other nobles.
  • The aim of education during the Muslim period was the illumination and extension of knowledge and the propagation of Islam. The education of this era was imparted for the propagation of Islamic principles, laws, and social conventions.
  • This further led to the commencement of universities like Delhi, Lucknow, and Allahabad.
  • Urban education watch promoted by building libraries and literary societies.
  • Primary schools called Maktabs were established where reading, writing, and basic Islamic prayers were taught.
  • Secondary Schools are known as Madrasas in which students learn advanced language skills.
  • Oral education and memorization of the assigned lesson with the chief methods of teaching in the Maktaps. Akbar encouraged writing and tried to reform the scripts. Akbar wanted the educational procedure to become Systematic. Objectives of Medieval India Islamic Education.
  • Acquisition of knowledge
  • Propagation of Islam
  • Achievement of material progress
  • The organization of the political and social system

The Education System in India During British Times:

For the primary 60 years of its domination in India, the East India Company, trading, and profit-making concern took no interest in the promotion of education.

Some minor exceptions were:

  • Calcutta Madrasa by Warren Hasting in 1781
  • Asiatic Society of Bengal by Sir William Jones
  • The Sanskrit College in Varanasi by Jonathan Duncan in 1791

Progressive Indians like Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Dayanand Saraswati also encourage modern education.

Charter Act of 1813

The charter act of 1813 paved the way for setting aside a 1 lakh rupee for promoting the knowledge of modern Sciences. but sadly this money wasn’t used for several years and there was an issue about the medium of learning.

Between 1828 and 1835 William Bentinck along which lord Macaulay encouraged English learning. In 1835, Elphinstone College (Bombay) and Calcutta Medical College were established.

However, there was also a difficulty regarding the language of instruction. Some wanted the utilization of Indian languages (called Vernaculars) while others preferred English

Woods despatch 1854 

Woods despatch 1854 was considered the Magna Carta of English education in India. It enabled educational departments to be established in every province and universities were opened at Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras in 1857. At least one government school in each district was established.

It asked the govt of India to assume responsibility for the education of the masses, thus repudiating the ‘downward filtration theory’, a minimum of on paper.

Later, several efforts were taken by the British:-

  • Hunter Education Commission 1882- Impart primary education in Vernacular and Division of secondary schooling in literary and vocational
  • Indian Universities Act 1904- Based on Raleigh Commission recommendations
  • Saddler University Commission 1917- 12 years of schooling before University admission, a separate board for secondary and intermediate education. Use intermediate education as a stage for preparing students for University admission.
  • Hartog Committee 1929-   More emphasis on primary education and only deserving students should go for high schooling. for the improvement of standards of universities, admission should be restricted.
  • Wardha Scheme 1937- By Zakir Hussain Committee, the Main principle behind this scheme was ‘Learning Through Activity, it was based on Gandhi’s idea published in Harijan weekly.
  • Sergeant Plan of Education 1944.

The education system in India which the British introduced gave greater emphasis to the teaching English language and the study of languages like Arabic, Persian, and Sanskrit was left to individual efforts.

The English introduced modern education to reduce the expenditure on administration, encourage the study of the English language, spread Christianity, and expand the marketplace for English goods.

According to Lord Macaulay after receiving the modern education system in India , Indians would remain Indians only in blood and color but English in their tastes, opinions, morals, and intellect (there was a huge requirement of lower scale manpower for the company’s administration). Macaulay was a fanatical Anglicist who had absolute contempt for Indian learning of any kind.

Mass education was neglected leading to widespread illiteracy.

In the traditional education system in India , Indian learning gradually declined for want of support and especially after 1884 when it was declared that applicants for government employment should possess knowledge of English.

There was total neglect of women’s education because the British didn’t want to invite the wrath of the orthodox sections and it had no immediate utility for the colonial rule.

Since education was to be paid for, it becomes a monopoly of the rich, upper-class, and city dwellers.

Scientific and technical education was neglected.

Nevertheless, by the 1920s, the student body had become a hotbed of Indian nationalism

Status of Education in India during Post-Independence

Literacy at the end of British rule in India was 12% India was faced with the challenge of imparting quality education to its citizens to make the most of its human capital.

After India got independence, education became the responsibility of the states.

The central government’s only commitment was to coordinate technical and higher education and determine standards.

This continued till 1976, after which education became a joint responsibility of the state and the center when it was added to the concurrent list.

Several articles of our constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. there are also provisions for protecting the interests of minority educational institutions also.

Initially, the Radhakrishna committee was set up in 1948 to report on university education in the country.

Subsequently, the India education commission, popularly known as Kothari Commission was set up in 1964 to evolve the general pattern of education in the country.

Radhakrishna Commission 1948

  • There should be 12 years of the pre-university educational course.
  • A university degree shouldn’t be considered essential for administrative services.
  • Rural universities should be established.
  • A University Grants Commission should be established to oversee the university education system in India .
  • Education should be placed on the concurrent list.
  • English as a medium of higher studies should not be removed.
  • Colleges should not be overcrowded. There shouldn’t be over 1000 students in each college.
  • Setup UGC to look after university education in India

UGC was set up in 1953 and was given Autonomous statutory status through the Act of Parliament.

Kothari Commission 1964

  • One of the main recommendations of the commission was the standardization of the 10+2+3 pattern across the country.
  • It classified high school up to class X
  • Graduate studies were recommended to be standardized as a 3-year course
  • Stressed making work experience and social service an integral part of education.
  • It recommended setting up of book banks, provision of scholarships, residential facilities, opportunities to earn while learning, etc.
  • It emphasized free education up to the secondary level
  • It laid stress on women’s education by establishing schools, hostels, and colleges for women.
  • Adopt three language formulas- Mother tongue, Hindi, and English for the education
  • Development of education for the promotion of agriculture and industry

The government accepted most of the Kothari Committee recommendations. It classified the various stages of education and framed the national education policy in 1986.

This education system has guided India for several decades and is still continuing to do so.

The central government established several state-run schools such as Kendriya Vidyalayas, Jawahar Vidyalayas, Sainik Schools, and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya. It also established several universities and institutes of national importance such as Agriculture institutes, AIIMS, IITs, IIMs, etc.

The Right to Education Act, of 2009 was landmark legislation that made education free up to the age of 14.

Various Stages in the Education System in India

  • Pre-primary – consist of children of 3-5 years of age.
  • Primary – classes 1st-5th
  • Middle – classes 6th-8th
  • Secondary classes 9th and 10th
  • Higher Secondary – classes 11th and 12th
  • Higher education – college education which included undergraduate and postgraduate studies.

Governing Bodies

  • CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)-   It is the prime governing body of education in India. It has control over the central education system in India.
  • CISCE ( Council of Indian School Certificate Examination)- It is a board for Anglo-Indian Studies in India
  • National Institute of Open Schooling- Governs opens schools as constituted for students who cannot attend formal schools
  • State Government Boards- Each state has its own state board of education to look after education issues.

Initiatives by the Ministry of Human Resource Development:

  • National Literacy mission
  • national means cum merit scholarship
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Mid-day meal scheme
  • madrasa modernization scheme
  • Mahila Samkhya scheme
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Model school scheme
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scholarship scheme
  • Rashtriya Unchchatar Siksha Abhiyan
  • Saakshar Bharat- Adult Education

Lacunae in the Education System- Challenges

  • Despite raising investment in education, 25% of its population is yet illiterate; only 15% of our country’s students reach high school and just 7 % of the 15% who passed it to high school to graduate.
  • India spends approx 3.8% of its GDP (Data- World Bank)   on education whereas the US, UK, and Germany spend over 5% even when they are highly developed societies and have huge GDPs.
  • Rote learning marks culture, etc are the most amongst the biggest flaws in the education system in India . Rather than lifelong learning it enables cramming and forgetting. Students only study to get marks on their exams.
  • One  out  of  nine  children  who  complete  school  joins  a  college . India has one of just 11 percent with the lowest enrollment ratio in higher education. it is 83% in the US.
  • According to the 10th Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) , only a fourth of all class 3rd children are able to read class 2nd text fluently, In fact, 25% of class 8th children could not read the class 2nd level text.
  • It is estimated that there is a shortage of more than 5 lakh qualified teachers in elementary schools. The shortage of teachers is endemic with even the IITs reporting a 20-30% shortfall in faculty. RTE norms stipulate a teacher per 30 students and there is a huge lack of teachers, most in UP.
  • Teacher absenteeism is very high in many schools. many are not willing to work in rural areas as the incentive is poor.
  • If the teacher problem is the structural problem at the qualitative level, teaching is also crippled by absenteeism, a culture of proxy teachers and sub-contracting, appointment of under-trained teachers, long-distance posting, lack of motivation, poor accommodation, and among the most important obstacle is the allotment of non-academic duties and political duties and political pressures.
  • There is no such department as the education department where teachers take such a decent salary and refuse to work, says the Magsaysay award winner activist  Sandeep Pandey.
  • Infrastructure is very poor in many schools. eg: Many don’t have separate toilets for girls which has led to several girls dropping out of school.
  • Corruption and red-tapism plague educational schemes . E.g. mid-day meal scheme, teacher recruitment scheme, scholarship schemes.
  • India’s education policy, 1986 is over 3 decades old and not updated to keep with modern developments in the education sector.
  • A recent McKinsey study showed that only 1 out of 10 Indian Students with degrees in humanities and 1 out of 4 engineering graduates are employable. So much for India’s demographic dividend.
  • The above-mentioned report says that 20% of the teachers do not measure up to the standards of the National Council for Teachers Education (NCTE) . Also, due to the absence of a focus on effective skill development, India is one of the least skilled countries.
  • Many institutes like IITs and IIMs lack autonomy and work with heavy political influences. This has stifled academic creativity. No Indian university ranks in the top 100 universities in the world. India ranks at the bottom in all innovation indexes with regard to the education system in India .
  • Extreme pressure from parents to use education as financial security as people are spending their parent’s life savings and borrowing money on education. This is crushing innovation and students begin a rat race to find the best employment. It also forces students to commit suicide.
  • Additional pressure due to limited seats resulted in very intense competition between students.
  • Standardized tests determine everything. The aptitude of students is not recognized outside this format.
  • The curriculum remains outdated. (Refer- NCERT to review books for 1st time since 2007)
  • There is a lack of diversity in subjects one can take in college. e.g. cannot double major in Maths and German like you can in the USA. less flexibility to cross over into different streams of education.

Lack of emphasis on value-based education.

Essay On Education System In India

There are crooks, money launderers, and politicians opening private educational institutions that extract money from students. their focus is on marketing rather than innovation or providing great educational service.

  • While private schools are expected to follow norms set by the state government and department, there is no other government body that is evaluating them periodically on the quality of holistic education provided.

Rebooting Indian Education System – way ahead

India will be having the largest young population in the future by 2025. though only 20% constitute the present enrollment in various courses, they are definitely the 100% future of our country. It is essential the youth becomes assets and not liabilities for the country.

India should not only focus on fact-based education but should give emphasis on social education, physical education, political education, and moral education.

It will include values of honesty, truthfulness, kindness, etc. It will increase public engagement and participation in democracy. physical education will ensure a healthy mind in a healthy body.

12th plan recognized for measuring and improving learning outcomes. the center launched ‘Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat’ targeting early reading and writing with comprehension and understanding mathematics as a “twin-track”

Some suggestions  with regard to the Education System in India

Personalize education .

Personalized Education – one size doesn’t fit all. Assembly line education prepares assembly line workers. some kids learn comparatively slower than others.

some are visual learners, some are auditory learners, and some learn from practical experiences. this encourages creative thinking and innovation.

Implement ICT in Education on a massive scale

Implemented ICT in Education on a massive scale- focus on investing in technology rather than outdated brick-and-mortar institutions.

this will ensure education is cheap and reaches all. The government can distribute smartphones, tablets, and computers with high-speed internet to rural students.

Redefine the purpose of the education system

Redefine the purpose of the education system- instead of aiming at getting jobs and indulging in the rat race and rote learning, our education system should focus on creating entrepreneurs, innovators, scientists, artists, thinkers, writs, etc.

Focus on skill-based education

‘Give a man fish and you feed him one day, teach him to how to catch fish and you feed him for a lifetime.’ students are rewarded for cramming information rather than practical implementation.

Bring Smarter Teachers

Teaching has become the sanctuary of the incompetent. Thousands of terrible teachers all over India are wasting valuable time on young children every day.

Allow the Private Capital in Education

The government cannot afford higher education for all people in the country. It’s too costly for the government to do so.

Allowing profit-making will encourage serious entrepreneurs, innovators, and investors to take an interest in the Education sector.

In other developing countries such as Brazil, private capital is responsible for the majority of higher education.

Reward Creativity and Innovation

Testing and marking systems should be built to recognize original contributions in the form of creativity, and research.

The education system in India rarely rewards what is actually deserving, Deviance is discouraged, and risk-taking is mocked.

Recent Initiatives by the Government 

  • BRICS (means Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) Nations adopts New Delhi Declaration on Education
  • Interest-free loans for all IIT/Higher education students under the ‘Vidyalakshmi’ scheme
  • Higher education study material to be made available for free through e-Paathshaala
  • Rajasthan becomes the first state to make student data available online
  • HRD Ministry calls for compulsory aptitude tests before JEE to remove coaching needs
  • Government to Fund ‘pure science’ Scholars’ for post-doctoral research
  • HRD launches 32 educational channels for students
  • CBSE directs schools to drop school bags until class 2
  • The Kasturirangan committee was formed in 2017 to make a draft of the new education policy.

T.S.R. Subramanian Committee 2016

It has been formed to frame a draft of the new education policy which will replace the 1986 education policy. some of its recommendations are; (Essay On Education System In India)

  • Indian Education services- like IAS, IPS, etc should be established to have dedicated and competent personnel overseeing the education system.
  • Pre-school Education- was not given enough focus in the 1986 policy. It recommends all primary schools cover preschool education.
  • Learning outcomes- No-Detention Policy to be limited up to class V only.
  • School education- School mapping to identify schools with low enrolment and inadequate infrastructure.
  • Use of ICT in Education- ICT to be part of the curriculum. online maintenance of all records
  • Inclusive Education- The curriculum should cover issues of social justice and harmony to avoid social discrimination
  • Comprehensive Education- Schools should earmark funds for co-scholastic activities like Yoga, NCC, NSS, Games, Arts, and crafts.
  • Skill in Education- skill schools should be created to improve employment opportunities.
  • Language and Culture Education- All schools can provide education up to class V in their mother tongue or local language. Schools must instill discipline, and civic sense, and must have facilities for teaching Sanskrit.
  • Adolescent Education- schools will engage trained counselors to solve adolescent problems faced by students.
  • Teacher Development- Urgent steps to be taken to fill vacancies. set up a teacher education university, and establish a separate cadre of ‘Teacher Educators’ in every state.
  • School Assessment and governance- A mechanism to be put in place for accreditation of schools.
  • MOOC- NIOS and the Ministry of Skill Development must reshape, promote, and modernize MOOC (Massive open online courses).
  • Regulating In Higher Education- CESA (Central education statistics agency) will be established as the central data collector which will be used for predictive analysis, manpower planning, and future course corrections.
  • Internationalization of Education- Top 200 foreign Universities will be allowed to establish a presence in India through collaboration with Indian Universities.
  • Innovation- Set up 100 more incubators over a period of the next five years.
  • Financing Education- To be increased to 6% of GDP. Instead of setting up new institutions focus on expanding the capacity of existing institutions. Brig performance-linked funding.

Learning from International Experiences

  • Japan- Kindergarten schools in Japan have pets that the students are made to feed and wash. On weekends, the students are made to clean their classrooms. This teaches them responsibility, caring for animals, and the importance of cleanliness. thus early education focuses on values that develop the character of the child.
  • Finland- No tuition fees are charged, subsidized meals are provided, and free transportation is also provided. Thus, common basic education is available for all without any discrimination.

It is said that it will take India six generations or 126 years to catch up with developed countries if we do not change the education system in India dramatically. Thus, urgent reforms in this sector are the need of the hour.

India’s improved education system will act as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India. It will enable India to reap most of its demographic bulge and deliver an enhanced quality of living to its citizens. it will help the youth to develop to their maximum potential.

Now New Education Policy 2020 Is Implemented by the Indian Government.

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Indian Education System Essay

In this Indian Education System Essay , we had described the education system in India, its importance & how to improve the education system in India. 

With over 13, 00,000+ schools and over 315 million enrollments, India has the largest education system in the world.

Due to educational reforms since the 80s, pre-school and primary schools have been made available to all children in India.

According to the Right to Education Act 2009, schooling is free and compulsory for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years.

Most schools in India pay attention to academics and pay less attention to extra-curricular activities; the Indian education system follows a 10 + 2 + 3 pattern.

Essay on Indian Education System 200 words:

The Indian education system is quite different from foreign nations.

In Western countries, the syllabus is considered to be quite light and based on practical knowledge, while in India the focus is on theoretical knowledge and rote scores.

Students are expected to read all the chapters and bring good grades in the classroom.

The marking system in Indian schools starts with primary classes, putting the burden on young children, the competition is increasing day by day.

Parents want their children to perform better than their peers and teachers want their class to do better than other classes.

The need to stay ahead of the competition makes them so blind that they don’t even realize that they are pushing children in the wrong direction.

At an age when students should be allowed to explore their interests and improve their creative side, they are pressured to follow a set curriculum and to get good marks.

Instead of understanding the various concepts of Mathematics, Physics and other subjects, students are given the full focus on learning the chapter.

Due to this, they are unable to take practical knowledge and are unable to make decisions for themselves further in life and cannot even choose a profession according to their interest.

Therefore, the basis of the Indian education system is very unfair.

Essay on Indian education system

Indian Education System Essay 300 words:

The Indian education system is said to be old and worldly.

At a time when the world is looking for creative and enthusiastic people, Indian schools are training young minds with bookish knowledge that is making them bibliophiles and preventing them from becoming a creative person.

There is no freedom to suggest or share ideas, there is a serious need for reform in the Indian education system which in turn can help to develop smarter individuals.

Need to Think Creatively:

If we want to make new inventions, then there is a need to bring positive changes in society and bring prosperity on a personal level.

However, unfortunately, our schools train us otherwise. They connect us to a defined study schedule and keep us so busy completing assignments and learning theoretical lessons that there is no room for creativity.

The Indian education system has to be changed for creative thinking.

Schools should focus on activities that challenge the student’s mind, improve their analytical skills and enhance their creative thinking ability, this will help them perform better in different areas.

All-round Development Required:

The primary focus of the Indian education system is on academics.

The focus is not on understanding the concept and increasing knowledge, but just on mug lessons to understand them with or without the sole purpose of achieving good marks.

Even though some schools have extra-curricular activities, there is hardly one class per week for these activities.

Education in Indian schools has been reduced to acquiring only theoretical knowledge which is not sufficient to raise an intelligent and responsible person.

The system should be changed to ensure the all-round development of students.

Conclusion:

Those in power must understand that the Indian education system needs serious reforms.

The system must be changed to develop students spiritually, morally, physically and mentally.

Education System in India Essay 400 words:

The Indian education system has seen quite a few changes since its beginning, it has changed with changing times and with the change in society.

However, whether these changes and developments are for good is still a question.

Since ancient times, children were sent to teachers to learn lessons on various subjects and to add value to their lives and to make them efficient to lead self-reliant lives.

Gurukuls were established in different parts of the country, children used to go to Gurukul to get an education.

They used to stay in his ashram with his guru (teacher) until he completed his education.

Students were taught various skills, given lessons in various subjects and also involved in household chores to ensure their all-round development.

Changes by the British in the Indian Education System:

As the British colonized India, the Gurukul system began to erode as the British established schools that followed a separate education system.

The subjects taught in these schools were quite different from the subjects taught in Gurukuls and study sessions were conducted similarly.

There was a sudden change in the entire education system of India.

The focus shifted from students’ all-round development to academic performance, however, one thing changed for good during this period, is that girls also started taking education and enrolled in schools.

Introduction to Educomp Smart Classes:

The education system introduced by the British is still prevalent in India.

However, with the advancement in technology many schools have adopted new means to provide education to the students. Educomp Smart classrooms have been introduced in schools.

These classes have brought about a positive change unlike earlier times when students only learned from books, they now see their lessons on a large widescreen installed in their classroom rooms.

This makes the learning experience interesting and helps students understand better.

Apart from this, many extra-curricular activities are also being started by the schools for the all-round development of the students.

However, the marking system is still rigid and students have to focus largely on their academics.

Therefore, there has been a major change in the Indian education system since ancient times.

However, we need further improvement in the system for proper development of students.

Indian Education System Essay

Indian Education System Essay 500 words:

The Indian education system is said to be largely defective. It does more harm than benefit to young minds.

However, some may argue that it gives students a good platform because it challenges their minds and focuses on the power to increase their satisfaction.

The merits and demerits of the Indian education system:

Lack of Practical Knowledge:

The focus of the Indian education system is on the theoretical part. Teachers read from the book during classes and explain the concepts orally.

Students are expected to understand complex concepts theoretically as well. The need to impart practical knowledge is not felt even when it is highly necessary.

Focus on grades:

The focus of Indian schools is on designing chapters to get good grades. Teachers do not bother if students have understood the concept or not, they all see what marks they have scored.

No importance for all-round development:

The focus is only on studies. No attempt is made to build the character of the student or his physical health. Schools do not contribute to the overall development of their students.

Over-burden of Studies:

There is a burden on students. They study for a long time in school and are given a pile of household chores to complete at home.

 Also, regular classroom tests, first-term exams, weekly exams and mid-term exams put a lot of pressure on young minds.

Positive Points of Indian Education:

Some rules of the Indian education system are as follows:

Provides knowledge on Various Subjects:

The Indian education system encompasses a vast curriculum and imparts knowledge on various subjects including Mathematics, Environmental Sciences, Ethical Sciences, Social Sciences, English, Hindi and Computer Science to name a few.

All these subjects form part of the syllabus from primary classes. Therefore, students acquire knowledge about various subjects from an early age.

Enhances Discipline:

Schools in India are very particular about their timings, time tables, ethical codes, marking systems and study schedules.

Students are required to follow the rules set by the school otherwise they are punished. This is a good way to increase discipline in students.

Increases understanding of power:

Due to the marking and ranking system in Indian schools, students are required to learn their lessons well.

They need to do this to get good marks and get a higher rank than their classmates. They seek different ways to focus and for better understanding.

Those who identify tools that help them understand them better can increase their grasping power which helps them throughout their life.

The Indian education system has been criticized from time to time.

There is a tremendous need to change this system to ensure the proper development of our younger generation.

Also, read 1. Globalization Essay 2. Essay on Education 3. Discipline Essay

Essay on Indian Education System in India 700 words:

Education is the criterion of social control, personality building and social and economic progress in any nation or society. India’s current education system is based on the British model, which was implemented in 1835 AD.

Pre-school Education (Play School):

Education is not compulsory at this level, but it is very popular in urban and semi-urban areas.

Childhood Montessori schools or sports schools have been opened for children up to the age of 3 years.

The preschool system has been further divided into playschools and kindergarten.

Primary School:

Primary education is compulsory for all children in India. One to fifth-grade children in the age group of 6 to 10 years is in the primary education system of India.

Pre-secondary school:

Children aged between 11 and 14 are placed under the middle school, who fall between sixth to eighth grades.

Secondary school (High School):

Secondary schools are designed for children in the age group of 16 to 17, from ninth to tenth grade.

Higher Secondary School:

It is also popular in India under the name 10 + 2. In this, students choose their specific field of study (science, commerce, arts).

Students in this level typically belong to the age group of 16 and 18 years.

Supreme organization:

The NCERT or National Council of Educational Research and Training is the main body for all courses.

The various curriculum bodies that govern the school education system are:

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE):

There are currently 262+ schools under CBSE. CBSE is recognized by the Government of India and all universities and colleges in India.

All Kendriya Vidyalayas are affiliated to CBSE.

Indian School Certificate Examination Council (ISCE):

It is a private board of education in India. Conducts ICSE exams for class X and ISC exams for class 12. About 1,900 schools belong to the CISCE board.

State Government Boards:

All states have their educational boards, which are regulated and supervised by the state governments.

Many Indian schools belong to various state boards, the oldest UP board was established in 1922.

Some of the other popular state boards are Maharashtra State Board, West Bengal State Board, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.

National Open Schooling Institute (NIOS):

It was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, it is a board for distance education & provides affordable but quality education in remote areas.

Presently there are 3,827 educational centres, 1,830 vocational centres and 690 accredited agencies under NIOS.

HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA

Higher education in India:

After completing class 12 or higher secondary examination, students are admitted to various colleges and institutes to obtain a bachelor’s degree.

He has the option of choosing the main subject of his choice, in which he can choose subjects like Science, Arts or Commerce or Engineering, Law or Medicine.

The main institution of higher education in India is UGC or the University Grants Commission.

As of 2012, there were 152 Central Universities, 191 Private Universities and 316 State Universities.

It is based on pharmaceutical science and technology, so there are many technical institutes in India which seek admission through general entrance examinations.

Technical education in India:

Technical education in India is regulated by AICTE, which was enacted in 1987 through an Act of Parliament.

The main institutes providing the world’s technical services in the field of technology in India are Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, National Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Information Technology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology.

Distance Education in India:

Indira Gandhi National Open University or IGNOU coordinates distance education at the higher education level.

The District Education Council (DEC), an official of IGNOU, is coordinating correspondence courses at 13 state open universities and traditional universities of 119 institutes.

Also, read 1.   Technology Essay 2. Teachers day Essay 3. My School Essay

Indian Education System Essay Conclusion:

Education is the criterion of social control, personality building and social and economic progress in any nation or society.

India’s current education system is based on the British model, which was implemented in 1835 AD.

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4 thoughts on “Indian Education System Essay”

Thanks to your article, I really appreciate the chance of allowing me to discuss this topic Education. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, every citizen has the right to education which is free of charge for the compulsory primary education. No one shall be deprived of the right of education. The scope of the right to education shall be defined and regulated by law. The freedom of education does not relieve the individual from loyalty to the Constitution.

Thank you, Ferdinard Orumgbe, for your valuable comment! Read our other articles as well…

You have well describe post about Indian education system. Our education system is suffering from this current situation.

Even though the education system has evolved over the years, there are still huge challenges faced by the Indian Education System, due to which it isn’t showing much progress.

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Essay on New Education Policy 2020

500+ words essay on new education policy 2020.

Education is a fundamental need and right of everyone now. In order to achieve our goals and help develop a just society, we need education. Similarly, education plays a great role in the national development of a nation. As we are facing a major change in terms of knowledge globally, the Government of India approved the National Education Policy 2020. This essay on new education policy 2020 will help you learn how this new policy has replaced the National Education Policy 1986 that is 34 years old.

essay on new education policy 2020

Aim of the New Education Policy 2020

This new policy has the aim of universalizing education from pre-school to secondary level. It plans to do that with a 100% GRE (Gross Enrollment Ratio) in schooling. The plan is to achieve it by 2030.

This essay on new education policy 2020 will highlight the changes brought in by this new policy. Firstly, the policy proposes to open Indian higher education in foreign universities.

It aims to introduce a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate program with various exit options. Thus, this new policy will strive to make the country of India a global knowledge superpower.

Similarly, it also aims to make all universities and colleges multi-disciplinary by the year 2040. Finally, the policy aims to grow employment in India and also bring fundamental changes to the present educational system.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Advantages and Disadvantages of New Education Policy 2020

The policy gives an advantage to students of classes 10 and 12 by making the board exams easier. In other words, it plans to test the core competencies instead of mere memorization of facts.

It will allow all the students to take the exam twice. Further, it proposes that an independent authority will be responsible for regulating both public and private schools . Similarly, the policy aims to diminish any severe separation between the educational streams and vocational streams in the schools.

There will also be no rigid division between extra-curriculum. Vocational education will begin at class sixth with an internship. Now, the essay on new education policy 2020 will tell you about the disadvantages of the policy.

Firstly, it can make the education system expensive. Meaning to say, admission to foreign universities will probably result in this. Further, it will create a lack of human resources.

If we look at the present elementary education, we notice that there is a lack of skilled teachers. Thus, keeping this in mind, the National Education Policy 2020 can give rise to practical problems in implementing the system that is for elementary education.

Finally, there is also the drawback of the exodus of teachers. In other words, admission to foreign universities will ultimately result in our skilled teachers migrating to those universities.

To conclude the essay on New Education Policy 2020, we can say that this policy is an essential initiative to help in the all-around development of our society and country as a whole. However, the implementation of this policy will greatly determine its success. Nonetheless, with a youth dominant population, India can truly achieve a better state with the proper implementation of this education policy.

FAQ of Essay on New Education Policy 2020

Question 1: What does the New Education Policy 2020 aim to achieve by 2030?

Answer 1: This new policy has the aim of universalizing education from pre-school to secondary level. It plans to do that with a 100% GRE (Gross Enrollment Ratio) in schooling. The plan is to achieve it by 2030.

Question 2: Give two challenges the New Education Policy 2020 may face?

Answer 2: Firstly, it can make the education system expensive. Meaning to say, admission to foreign universities will probably result in this. Further, it will create a lack of human resources.

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Restructuring Indian Education System: Opportunities & Challenges

  Restructuring Indian Education System: Opportunities & Challenges  

Relevant Quotes

  • Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world” – Nelson Mandela
  • Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family. Kofi Annan
  • “Learning gives creativity, creativity leads to thinking, thinking provides knowledge and knowledge makes you great” – Abdul Kalam
  • “Don’t limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time” – Rabindranath Tagore
  • “Intelligence plus character that is the goal of true education” – Martin Luther King

Introduction

  • India, one of the youngest countries among large economies with a median age of 25 has seen a countinous spur in growth and overall development of the country. Education is a major variable in influencing this development as it has tended to play a critical role in development stories for nations. Education is important for the personal, social and economic development of a nation. Education is important to live with happiness and prosperity. Education empowers minds that will be able to conceive good thoughts and ideas. Great philosopher Rabindranath Tagore has also dwelled on education. According to him, the aim of education is creative self-expression through physical, mental, aesthetic and moral development.
  • For the smooth and progressive growth for a nation, the essence of education in society is indispensable and cohering, which is why society and knowledge cannot be ever separated into two distinct entities . It is often said that an Education Institution, is a building Block of a Nation and if this building block is overlooked than nothing can stop a building to collapse.Given the fact that India is going to be the youngest nation by 2020, Education will play a vital role in social and economic transformation of society.
  • The Present Education system in India mainly comprises of – Primary education, Secondary education, and Higher Education. So far, the progress of Education has been of mixed success. Although soon after independence in 1947, making education available to all had become a priority for the government but the discrimination on the basis of caste and gender has been a major hurdle in the healthy development of the Indian society, which in turn has also restricted the educational development of the nation as a whole.
  • The statistics shows about 59 million children under the age limit 6-14 are out of school and about 41 million people are registered in the different employment exchange across the country. The unemployment is not because of there isn’t sufficient opportunity for the job seekers but the educational system made them inapt for employment. While the country made major progress in raising literacy rates and has emerged as an important player in the worldwide information technology there are still various issues in the education system which needs to be addressed and call for restructuring of Indian Education system. We are governed by a system of education that was made with accordance to the society at the time of 1960-1990 it served us well enough, but now it would be imprudent choice to ride on an bicycle that is very much rusted to the core.
  • Temporal Elaboration
  • Our country has always been famous for gaining education since the Vedic period. The earliest education system to develop in India was known as ‘Vedic system’ with the ultimate aim being complete realization of self. This system was based on ‘ Gurukul ’ which fostered a bond between the Guru & the Shishya .
  • The world’s first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC and the University of Nalanda was built in the 4th century BC dominated by Indian scholars like Charaka and Sushruta, Aryabhatta, Chanakya, Patanjali etc.It made seminal contribution to world knowledge in diverse fields as mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, medical science and surgery, etc.
  • Until the 17th century, India was considered one of the richest country in the world. However, due to the arrival of the foreign colonizers and the wrong policies of the then rulers, India lost almost all its richness wealth wise as well as knowledge wise. Lord Macaulay brought the modern school system to India, including the English language, in the 1830s
  • During the freedom struggle, several leaders like Gokhale, Ram Mohan Roy and Mahatma Gandhi worked for better education for our people, particularly women . Indigenous model of education was a major component of Gandhi’s conception of Swaraj and Swadeshi. Post-Independence, the importance of education as a precondition for development was very well recognized by the leadership.
  • In the last 20 years, education discourse in India has undergone a major transformation and new concepts such as rights-based approach to elementary education; shift in emphasis from literacy and basic education to secondary, higher, technical and professional education; the endeavour to extend universalization to secondary education; reshape the higher education scenario
  • Drawbacks in Present Education System that call for its Restructuring
  • Lacks of A Firm Base : Present system critically lacks a firm base with balance. Purpose of education is not only limited to gain knowledge but to mentally mold a child in order to give a course to Nation. But instead present system tends to make them pessimist which is detrimental for escalation of a progressive nation.
  • Narrow scope: The scope of education system is also very narrow, instead of producing thinkers we produce apparatuses for machines and if piece of equipment is of good quality it will deliver itself to better landscape (foreign).
  • Heavy baggage : The present system of education burdens the childhood of future of this nation with heavy baggage (school-bags) and tiresome (boring and dull) lectures which ultimately encourage them for “RATTAFICATION”. An education system resolutely requires a basic framework in order to encourage children omitting the element of force.
  • Apathetic system of Examination : India, a student has to appear for dozens of qualifying, selection, entrance and periodical exams in a short span of 4-5 years after leaving school. In the process, students lose interest in sports, creative pursuits and everything else that could be important.
  • Hefty fee structure – The major downside of the prevailing system of education is that it is not easily affordable. Nowadays in India, more than 37% people are living below poverty level. Therefore, they cannot afford education even at primary level.
  • Chalk and talk system of teaching: The Indian education system is firmly stuck with the old and traditional system of ‘chalk and talk’. Technology plays a little or no role , and there is little or no attempt to modernize student assessment processes, teaching methods, etc.
  • Focus upon theoretical knowledge : The biggest challenge that lies within the education system in India is the quality of education that is been delivered to the students, as most of the education that is delivered to students in India is generally theoretical in nature, its lacks the practical aspect .In the process, the students lose the curiosity which could have helped them learn better, and at a much faster rate
  • Little room for World Class Research : There is little or no room for world class research in the Indian education system. Even if a university student has great ideas but he or she deviates from what a professor with outdated knowledge thinks and believes in, the student is likely to get no funding for research, average grades or no recommendation in future.
  • Cast reservation and paid seat: : In Indian education system, seats are reserved for reserved cast and rich students(paid seats).  In India, the child of good a rich family gets good education just because of ample money whereas the child of a poor family hardly gets the primary education.Further,the merit is sidelined as a major chunk of the “limited” seats is  reserved for students who are born in certain communities, whether their parents happen to be peasants, industrialists or IAS officer.
  • Issues and Challenges of Indian Education System
  • Lack of infrastructure: Most of the villages in India do not have proper schools, which makes the students to travel few kilometers to attain their basic education.
  • Lack of funds : The education institutions in india-schools,colleges Universities etc in India lack funds .These institutions don’t have enough funds to enhance the quality of education and hence lacks in the infrastructure facility, teaching environment and quality teachers. Infrastructure facilities at schools and colleges across rural areas dispense very poor quality of education. The teachers are not paid adequately, as they are not much qualified so they are not willing to work hard.
  • High drop outs and low attendance: Secondary education reflects a very high level of dropouts and low attendance especially for vulnerable groups because of poverty, social restrictions or lack of belief in usefulness of education. It is the mentality of the Indian families that more and more people of the family should earn, little kids are send out to earn the daily bread and butter of the family instead of going to school and attain their basic education
  • Absence of basic facilities : Most of the education institutions lacks basic facilities for students like well equipped libraries, E-LABS, playing grounds, for their athletic advancement, Clean toilets safe –drinking water and so and so forth.
  • Rising Cost of Education : Due to mushrooming of private schools the cost of education is rising. More than 80% of schools in India are managed by the government. Private schools are very expensive and are not affordable by the poor.
  • Commercialization of Education – Schools and Colleges have become money making institutions rather than providing quality education. E.g. capitation fees, excessive fee hikes, additional costs for uniform, books, etc.
  • Low Budget Allocation: According to the Economic Survey 2017- 18 , India’s average expenditure on education is 2.8% of GDP. However, if we measure the expenses on education as a percentage to GDP, India lags behind some developed/ developing nations.Developing countries like South Africa and Brazil spend about 5.8% whereas neighboring Bhutan spends more than 7% of its GDP on education.
  • Issue of Capacity utilization  Another challenge to be addressed in strengthening the Indian education system is to improve the capacity utilization of institutions, especially higher education institutions. In case of certain states, there are a lot of unfilled seats in institutions. we need to ensure that institutions/ colleges/schools created for providing higher education fully utilize the capacity created.
  • Lo Student-teacher Ratio: Another challenge for improving the Indian education system is to improve the student teacher ratio. In India, this ratio is very high as compared to certain comparable countries in the world. For example, while in developed countries this ratio stands at 11.4, in case of India, it is as high as 22.0.
  • Demand Supply Gap : Failure of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in producing a skilled labour force in the country. Skills training continues to be departmentally-scattered and fragmented in the country Higher education system has been aloof from the skills ecosystem. The Sharda Prasad Committee Report, released in 2017 , explains how private training partners have made a “mockery” of skills training by dolling out short-term courses.
  • Regulation Issues : Regulators like MCI, UGC, AICTE continue to be marked by inadequate financial and human resources, nepotism, corruption and favouritism.
  • Inadequate research facilities: Currently research in India is suffering from low standard, quality as well as lack of interest towards research as a career due to paltry and unsustainable stipend amounts. More students prefer to go abroad for research due to better facilities, laboratories, more favorable culture of research.
  • Political Interference: Higher education is fast emerging as a lucrative business and a number of education institutions have cropped up which are owned by political leaders. In addition, there is a growing political interference in running educational institution as seen in the case of Delhi University.
  • Inadequate facilities for Students with special needs : India has huge population of children with special needs (Differently abled) who inspite of provisions in RTE for statutory right to education continue to be denied this right. A recent report of CAG has highlighted that transport, aid and appliances were not provided as envisaged in the act to all the eligible children with special needs.
  • Increasing Rate of Crimes: While schools are regarded as “Temples of Learning”, in recent times they have become breeding grounds of crime against children! In 2017, a seven-year-old boy was found murdered inside a school in Gurugram and the next day a five-year old girl was raped in a school in Delhi.
ü 

·          

·           Saakshar Bharat

·           Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) Scheme

·           National Medical Commission Bill

·           Beti Bacaho,Beti Padao

·           Mahila Samakhya

·           Swachh Vidyalya

·           Udaan

·           Pragati

·           Kanya Saksharta Protsahan Yojana

·           Saksham for students with special needs

·           National E-Library

·           Ishan Uday

·           Ishan Vikas

·           Sakshar Bharat

·           Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

·           National Literacy Mission Authority (NLMA)

 

Suggestions

  • Given that we need to compete globally in the 21st century, our education system should adopt certain benchmarking techniques for improving instruction models and administrative procedures in universities/colleges to move forward
  • It is suggested that we need a thorough study and evaluation of models implemented elsewhere and work out strategies to adopt such models in our system.
  • Lots of technological and scientific improvements are taking place in India and therefore the courses are Graduate and post graduates must be updated as per the industrial and technological development.
  • The education system should give equal chance to all students irrespective of their cast and creed.
  • As education has to be made affordable to all deserving and poor students, there is a strong need for educational institutions not to over-commercialize education but to uphold ethics in the business of education as well
  • If education has to reach all deserving students, it should be made affordable.
  • India needs to learn from examples of countries like UK whose model of vocational education called Technical & Vocational Education & Training (TVET) which integrates skills and higher education.
  • India has one of the youngest populations in an aging world. By 2020, the median age in India will be just 28, compared to 37 in China and the US, 45 in Western Europe, and 49 in Japan. Education with a holistic perspective is concerned with the development of every person’s intellectual, emotional, social, physical, artistic, creative and spiritual potentials.
  • To leverage the advantage of demographic dividend India needs to invest into its abundant human capital through quality education, reforming the curriculum and pedagogical processes, improving delivering by utilizing public-private partnerships, evolving an efficient audit and accountability mechanism and resolving the existing lacunae in the current institutional system which will help unleash the true potential of Indian citizens and lead to economic and social prosperity.
  • The people in power must understand that the Indian education system requires serious reforms. The system must change to develop students spiritually, morally, physically as well as mentally. It is the high time to understand the importance of changing this old system for the better future of the children as well as the country as a whole.

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Essay on Education System In India for Students in 1200 Words

Essay on Education System In India for Students in 1200 Words

In this article, you will read an Essay on Education System In India. Also, we have explained the importance, needs, benefits, defects, ways to improve the education system.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Importance of education in ancient india.

Some similar schools were Taksha Shila and Nalanda. Foreigners also used to come here to get an education. Then came the medieval era when India had to suffer a long period of subordination. Arabic-Persian education spread during the Muslim era. When the 18th and 19th centuries came, only the rich and the feudal could accept education. Female education was almost over.

Need For A New Education System

Establishment of kothari commission.

In this, all the students will study the same subjects. In this course, two languages, mathematics, science, and society, will be considered on five topics. But students should also be familiar with physical education. After the seventh examination, students will study different subjects. If he wants, he can take science; take commerce and even craft for industrial work.

Benefits of New Education Policy

Defects of the indian education system:.

Another issue is that the focus is only on theory. No importance is given to practical education. Our education system encourages students to become bookworms and does not prepare them to deal with the real problems and challenges of life.

Ways to improve Indian education system (changes needed in the Indian education system)

1. focus on skill development, 2. equivalent practical knowledge.

Practical knowledge is essential to develop an in-depth understanding of any subject. However, our Indian education system focuses primarily on theoretical knowledge . It needs to be changed. Students should be provided with practical experience for better understanding and application.

3. Revise the syllabus

4. hire better teaching staff, 5. look beyond academics, 10 lines on education system in india, the bottom line.

The need to change the Indian education system has been emphasized many times. However, little has been done in this regard. It is time to understand the importance of improving the old system for the better future of children and the whole nation. I hope you like this information on the Essay on Education System In India.

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Education System In India Essay

Education System In India Essay | Essay on Education System In India for Students and Children in English

Education System In India Essay: Visit any school in the country. You will find in the notebooks, waiting to be crammed. Will the students studying in this manner become our future leaders? Certainly not! The paradigm needs to shift its focus from ‘captive’ to ‘creative studies’.

You can read more  Essay Writing  about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Long and Short Essays on Education System In India for Kids and Students in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘Education System In India’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on Education System In India of 400-500 words. This long essay about Education System In India is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Education System In India of 150-200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on Education System In India 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on Education System In India of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

The education sector in India is divided into primary, higher secondary, senior secondary and vocational education sections. Schools are regulated by NCERT. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is the apex body for curriculum related matters for school education in India. It provides sup of schools in India.

Other curriculum bodies that govern school education system are

  • The state government boards.
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). CBSE conducts two examinations, namely the All India Secondary School Examination, AISSE and the All India Senior School Certificate Examination, AISSCE.
  • The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).
  • The council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations. (CISCE)

There are government run Kendriya Vidyalayas, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas and independent schools. The higher education system encompasses 700 universities and 35500 colleges. Vocational Training is conducted by private Industrial Training Centres (ITCs) and government Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs).

Despite this robust network, the foundation of Indian education is shaky. It is lacking in both its outreach and content. Primary education has been made free and compulsory for all children upto the age of 14 years, under the Right To Education, but many children in rural and remote areas still don’t have access to it. In schools that have been established, appropriate infrastructure is lacking. The Mid-Day Meal Scheme of the government was a good initiative to lure rural children to schools, but in some areas, the quality of food provided was found to be sub-standard.

According to a recent survey, it was also found that a majority of teaching posts are lying vacant in government schools. In private schools, though both the infrastructure and teaching recruitments are good, the admission process especially for nursery, is a big challenge for parents.  With time, the school curriculum also needs to evolve. Our ancient language, Sanskrit has made it to the British school curriculum, but still it’s not taken seriously in India.

As with other subjects, like Science, we lay more stress on mugging up facts, rather than understanding the concept. We want our students to score ‘high marks’, without trying to find out where their talents lie. Also, students are being dealt with, harsher than ever before. Recently, students in Kolkata and Bengaluru, were beaten up brutally, as if they were hardened criminals.

In the higher education sector also, a number of faculty positions are unoccupied, because of less job security. Also the minimal fellowships awarded for research is the reason for students not pursuing doctoral and post-doctoral studies.

Short Essay on Education System In India 200 Words in English

Below we have given a short essay on Education System In India is for Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. This short essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 6 and below.

All these grey areas exist notwithstanding that Indian students and professionals are considered one of the most hard working and intelligent in the world. However, if the present state of Indian education is not improved, we would lose the top honours among the best in the world, in various fields. For that, firstly students must be encouraged to ask, ‘Why?’ and ‘How?’ Remember, the 2009 movie, 3 Idiots. In that ‘Rancho,’ the character played by actor Aamir Khan, taught us that a subject can become interesting if applied practically. There should not be any involvement of rote learning.

Secondly, students must be made ‘all-rounders’ by laying equal emphasis on sports. Thirdly, as PM Modi said in his Independence Day speech, girls’ toilets and other basic facilities must be ensured in all schools. Fourthly, sex education’s inclusion is the need of the hour. Fifthly, action must be taken against man handling of students. Sixthly’efforts must be directed towards bringing up female literacy rates.

Last, but not the least, tolerance to different faiths and communities, along with patriotism, must be essential ingredients of the education we impart. Value education should be the ‘raison d’etre’ of every institution. As Nelson Mandela said

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”.

Education System In India Essay Word Meanings for Simple Understanding

  • Captive – kept in confinement or restraint
  • Robust – strong and effective in all or most situations and conditions
  • Paradigm – an example serving as a model or pattern
  • Brutally – inhuman, cruel
  • Notwithstanding- in spite of the fact that
  • Fellowship – an association of persons having similar tastes, interests, etc; the status of a fellow of a college or society
  • Raison d’ etre – reason or justification for being or existence

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5) Our Indian Education system needs serious reforms and changes. Comment. (250 words)

Topic –  Part of static series under the heading – “issues related to education”
Key demand of the question The question expects us to bring out the issues in Indian education system and suggest reforms that would make education outcomes more in tune with the needs of the nation. Directive word Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences. Structure of the answer Introduction – Mention that to reap the demographic dividend, education and skilling should be two main focus area. Body Discuss the various issues in education sector such as Lack of hands on knowledge and emphasis on theoretical knowledge and rote learning Indian education and social arrangements are very inflexible on kids and completely ignore their feelings, thoughts and ambitions. one of the lowest public expenditure rates on education per student, especially compared to other Asian countries like China. Education in most schools is one dimensional, with an obsessive focus on marks. Added to this is the lack of availability of trained teachers at all levels. Quality teachers are the missing link in the Indian education system. Discuss the impact of such issues with the education system Suggest reforms which would enable India to improve the education outcomes Conclusion – It is time that India began viewing school education as a critical strategic investment and gave it the status of a vital infrastructure project. As all in-country efforts have failed, we should go in for a radical overhaul of our educational infrastructure with the help of countries that have an amazing record in providing quality school education — Finland, for instance.

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Online Education Essay in English (200-250) Words Paragraph & PDF_0.1

Online Education Essay in English (200-250) Words Paragraph & PDF

Online Education Essay in English: Online education is one of the major changes in the global education industry after COVID hits the country. Read Online Education Essay from here only.

Why is Education Important?

Table of Contents

Online education is a type of learning in which students get instructional content via the internet. It is a flexible and convenient method of learning that has grown in popularity in recent years.

Online Education Essay

Online education is one of the major changes in the global education industry after COVID hits the country. The internet is used for this type of learning. This form of learning has been made easier with new and improved technologies. Higher education institutions favour online learning as well. In short and extended articles about online education, this article will inform students of its benefits and outcomes.

Education spans a range more than just attending classes and reading books to learn things. It exceeds all restrictions. Learning extends beyond the pages of a book. We are fortunate to live in a time where learning is accessible online. Yes! We can educate our kids and ourselves while sitting in our own homes. Online education is a good option for doing this. All needy kids who are unable to enroll in local schools now have access to education thanks to online learning.

Online Education Essay in English (200-250) Words Paragraph & PDF_3.1

Online Education Essay PDF

Download Online Education Essay PDF: Online Education Essay in English

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Online Education Essay in English (200-250) words

Today’s Essay on Online Education covers an important subject. There are different types of essays about online education in English for students and children in this post.

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Here we, at adda247 are providing 10 lines essays, short essays, and long essays on online education.

  • Online education is the process of acquiring education using the internet.
  • The Internet is the foundation of online learning.
  • Online education was an idea that existed years back.
  • It protects students’ sensitive time and money.
  • It provides students with a range of courses while sitting at their homes.
  • It helped in achieving a balance between safety and education during the pandemic.
  • However, it may be shown that it is bad for students’ health.
  • In areas with poor network connectivity, studying online is challenging.
  • There are numerous online learning resources, including Adda247,Coursera, Udemy etc.
  • Online learning features including texts, videos, and animations aid in student comprehension.

Online Education Essay in English (200-250) Words Paragraph & PDF_6.1

Online Education Essay in Paragraph 200-250 Words

These days, technology has impacted every industry, including education. The most recent method of getting an education through the internet is online education. Utilizing your smartphones, laptops, or tablets for learning is a fun and productive method. Both teachers and students can benefit greatly from it, but there are also many drawbacks. Learning from anywhere is flexible with online education.

Non-time-boundness is another advantageous property. You don’t have to sit from morning until lunch like in a typical school. Depending on your preference, you can study online day or night. There is no upper age limit for learning online, in addition to the flexibility of time and location. You can pick the subjects and skills you want to learn by using online education. There are numerous institutions that provide their degrees and courses online. As a result, it is a more practical option to educate yourself without physically visiting schools or universities. Additionally, it helps you save money on transportation and other expenses.

People who reside in areas with poor internet connectivity, however, struggle with online learning. The core of online education is the internet. Your health may suffer if you spend more time in front of devices. Only those with the ability to discipline themselves should consider it.

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Online Education Essay in 500-1000 words for UPSC

Introduction: Online education is a flexible method of providing instruction that includes all online learning. Online learning helps students who need to do their work on their own time and at their own speed and gives teachers access to students who may not be able to enroll in a regular classroom course.

The modern method of education, known as online education, differs greatly from the traditional method of learning. For a better comprehension of the students, the instructor or mentor employs a variety of techniques, including texts, audios, films, animations, etc.

Every field is experiencing a rapid increase in the amount of distant learning and the awarding of online degrees. The number of institutions and schools that provide online education is likewise increasing. Students who are seeking degrees online need to be careful in making sure that they finish their coursework through a reputable and recognized university.

Synchronization is a well-known benefit of online learning. Here, the chosen format allows for lively dialogue between the students and the teachers. Sources are exchanged through these communications, and a synergy that is open-ended develops as a result of a learning process. It helps the learner learn more when each person shares their point of view or opinion through conversations and comments on others’ work. This unique advantage can only be achieved through online learning, which creates a virtual learning environment focused on the needs of the students.

We don’t need to commute over long distances or travel to different place because we can take classes online. While pursuing a degree online to advance our careers, we can remain where we are and keep our current jobs. Digital nomads—those who advocate a technologically enabled or location-independent lifestyle—are also helped by online schooling. No matter where we are, we may finish our schoolwork and view lectures.

The online education experience offers a lot more reasonable schedule, whether we are full-time or part-time students. The low cost of online education has contributed to its popularity. Online courses are less expensive than those provided at schools or colleges because of this. While attending a university, we might need to pay for things like transportation, lodging, and meals; however, online education might not.

The inherent flexibility of online learning is one of its key benefits, but there is a catch: one needs to be very self-motivated. The top online learners use a variety of strategies for maintaining their assignments. Setting aside time each week for studying and designing a workspace with few distractions can both be highly beneficial.

Conclusion: Increased educational access, high-quality learning opportunities, improved student outcomes and abilities, and more educational options are some of the possible benefits of online education. Because of online education, variables like location, time, and quality are no longer taken into account when looking for degree programmes or higher education.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education for Essay

Advantages of online education.

Save time and money: Students who pursue their education online do so at a considerable time and financial savings. It cuts down on both the cost and time of transportation. Accessible to All : Everyone has access to online schooling. Online education is available to students of all backgrounds and ages. For students who have physical disabilities, this is one of the main benefits. They can receive an education from the comfort of their own home without having to travel anyplace. No Time Limit : Students have a lot of freedom with online education. Anytime, students can seek knowledge. There is no time limit like there is in the traditional learning method.

Choice : Online education offers a wide range of courses. Students can study skills like personality development and other things that are typically challenging to master offline in addition to course material.

Disadvantages of Online Education

Dependency : Online learning is beneficial for those who can study independently. Kids and other students cannot effectively study online without help. Self-concentration is necessary for this kind of study. Lack of Resources : Online education requires computers or mobile devices as well as strong internet connectivity. Online study is not possible for those without computers or in places with network problems. Disengagement from Society : Spending a lot of time in front of a screen could be bad for your health. The students’ physical growth is also impacted by it. They will grow apart from their friends and society if they don’t attend school.

Online vs Offline Education Comparision

  • Time management: Unlike online education, where you can choose a time slot that best suits your needs, offline education has a set timetable.
  • Cost-Effectiveness : Online learning is significantly less expensive than traditional learning. Transportation costs are just one of the numerous costs associated with the existing educational system. Students require appropriate uniforms as well as a number of other items.
  • Online learning presents new challenges for students, but it also has the potential to cut them off from their surroundings. Children’s physical and mental development are both aided by attending school. They enjoy spending time with their friends and teachers.
  • Choice: In an online classroom, students are allowed to select the subject they want to learn about. They can view it multiple times for better comprehension. Students have no options in offline schooling.
  • Knowledge Outside the Books: In an offline setting, students physically interact. They also learn other manners, such as self-control, appropriate behaviour, and other related abilities. These competencies are not produced by offline schooling.

Online Education Essay in Hindi

ऑनलाइन शिक्षा पर आज का निबंध एक महत्वपूर्ण विषय को शामिल करता है। इस पोस्ट में छात्रों और बच्चों के लिए अंग्रेजी में ऑनलाइन शिक्षा के बारे में विभिन्न प्रकार के निबंध हैं।

ऑनलाइन शिक्षा पर 10 पंक्तियों के निबंध, लघु निबंध और लंबे निबंध प्रदान कर रहे हैं।

ऑनलाइन शिक्षा इंटरनेट का उपयोग करके शिक्षा प्राप्त करने की प्रक्रिया है। इंटरनेट ऑनलाइन सीखने का आधार है। ऑनलाइन शिक्षा एक ऐसा विचार था जो वर्षों पहले अस्तित्व में था। यह छात्रों के संवेदनशील समय और धन की रक्षा करता है। यह छात्रों को उनके घरों पर बैठकर कई तरह के पाठ्यक्रम प्रदान करता है। इसने महामारी के दौरान सुरक्षा और शिक्षा के बीच संतुलन हासिल करने में मदद की। हालांकि, यह दिखाया जा सकता है कि यह छात्रों के स्वास्थ्य के लिए खराब है। खराब नेटवर्क कनेक्टिविटी वाले क्षेत्रों में, ऑनलाइन अध्ययन करना चुनौतीपूर्ण है। Adda247, Coursera, Udemy आदि सहित कई ऑनलाइन शिक्षण संसाधन हैं। टेक्स्ट, वीडियो और एनिमेशन सहित ऑनलाइन सीखने की विशेषताएं छात्र की समझ में सहायता करती हैं। 250-300 शब्दों में ऑनलाइन शिक्षा निबंध

इन दिनों, प्रौद्योगिकी ने शिक्षा सहित हर उद्योग को प्रभावित किया है। इंटरनेट के माध्यम से शिक्षा प्राप्त करने का सबसे हालिया तरीका ऑनलाइन शिक्षा है। सीखने के लिए अपने स्मार्टफोन, लैपटॉप या टैबलेट का उपयोग करना एक मजेदार और उत्पादक तरीका है। इससे शिक्षक और छात्र दोनों ही काफी लाभान्वित हो सकते हैं, लेकिन कई कमियां भी हैं। ऑनलाइन शिक्षा के साथ कहीं से भी सीखना लचीला है।

गैर-समयबद्धता एक और लाभप्रद संपत्ति है। आपको एक ठेठ स्कूल की तरह सुबह से दोपहर के भोजन तक बैठने की ज़रूरत नहीं है। आप अपनी पसंद के आधार पर दिन हो या रात ऑनलाइन पढ़ाई कर सकते हैं। समय और स्थान के लचीलेपन के अलावा, ऑनलाइन सीखने के लिए कोई ऊपरी आयु सीमा नहीं है। आप ऑनलाइन शिक्षा का उपयोग करके उन विषयों और कौशलों को चुन सकते हैं जिन्हें आप सीखना चाहते हैं। ऐसे कई संस्थान हैं जो अपनी डिग्री और पाठ्यक्रम ऑनलाइन प्रदान करते हैं। नतीजतन, शारीरिक रूप से स्कूलों या विश्वविद्यालयों का दौरा किए बिना खुद को शिक्षित करना एक अधिक व्यावहारिक विकल्प है। इसके अतिरिक्त, यह आपको परिवहन और अन्य खर्चों पर पैसे बचाने में मदद करता है।

हालांकि, जो लोग खराब इंटरनेट कनेक्टिविटी वाले क्षेत्रों में रहते हैं, उन्हें ऑनलाइन सीखने में कठिनाई होती है। ऑनलाइन शिक्षा का मूल इंटरनेट है। यदि आप उपकरणों के सामने अधिक समय बिताते हैं तो आपका स्वास्थ्य खराब हो सकता है। केवल उन्हें ही इस पर विचार करना चाहिए जो स्वयं को अनुशासित करने की क्षमता रखते हैं।

यूपीएससी के लिए 500-1000 शब्दों में ऑनलाइन शिक्षा निबंध

परिचय: ऑनलाइन शिक्षा निर्देश प्रदान करने का एक लचीला तरीका है जिसमें सभी ऑनलाइन शिक्षण शामिल हैं। ऑनलाइन सीखने से उन छात्रों को मदद मिलती है जिन्हें अपना काम अपने समय पर और अपनी गति से करने की आवश्यकता होती है और शिक्षकों को उन छात्रों तक पहुंच प्रदान करता है जो नियमित कक्षा पाठ्यक्रम में नामांकन करने में सक्षम नहीं हो सकते हैं।

शिक्षा की आधुनिक पद्धति, जिसे ऑनलाइन शिक्षा के रूप में जाना जाता है, सीखने की पारंपरिक पद्धति से बहुत अलग है। छात्रों की बेहतर समझ के लिए, प्रशिक्षक या संरक्षक कई तरह की तकनीकों का इस्तेमाल करते हैं, जिनमें टेक्स्ट, ऑडियो, फिल्म, एनिमेशन आदि शामिल हैं।

हर क्षेत्र दूरस्थ शिक्षा और ऑनलाइन डिग्री प्रदान करने की मात्रा में तेजी से वृद्धि का अनुभव कर रहा है। ऑनलाइन शिक्षा प्रदान करने वाले संस्थानों और स्कूलों की संख्या भी बढ़ रही है। ऑनलाइन डिग्री चाहने वाले छात्रों को यह सुनिश्चित करने में सावधानी बरतने की जरूरत है कि वे एक प्रतिष्ठित और मान्यता प्राप्त विश्वविद्यालय के माध्यम से अपना शोध कार्य पूरा करें।

तुल्यकालन ऑनलाइन सीखने का एक प्रसिद्ध लाभ है। यहां, चुना गया प्रारूप छात्रों और शिक्षकों के बीच जीवंत संवाद की अनुमति देता है। इन संचारों के माध्यम से स्रोतों का आदान-प्रदान किया जाता है, और एक सीखने की प्रक्रिया के परिणामस्वरूप एक तालमेल विकसित होता है। यह शिक्षार्थी को अधिक जानने में मदद करता है जब प्रत्येक व्यक्ति बातचीत और दूसरों के काम पर टिप्पणियों के माध्यम से अपनी बात या राय साझा करता है। यह अनूठा लाभ केवल ऑनलाइन सीखने के माध्यम से प्राप्त किया जा सकता है, जो छात्रों की जरूरतों पर केंद्रित एक आभासी सीखने का माहौल बनाता है।

हमें लंबी दूरी तय करने या अलग-अलग जगहों की यात्रा करने की आवश्यकता नहीं है क्योंकि हम ऑनलाइन कक्षाएं ले सकते हैं। अपने करियर को आगे बढ़ाने के लिए ऑनलाइन डिग्री का पीछा करते हुए, हम जहां हैं वहीं रह सकते हैं और अपनी वर्तमान नौकरी रख सकते हैं। डिजिटल खानाबदोश – जो तकनीकी रूप से सक्षम या स्थान-स्वतंत्र जीवन शैली की वकालत करते हैं – को भी ऑनलाइन स्कूली शिक्षा से मदद मिलती है। चाहे हम कहीं भी हों, हम अपना स्कूल का काम पूरा कर सकते हैं और व्याख्यान देख सकते हैं।

ऑनलाइन शिक्षा का अनुभव बहुत अधिक उचित कार्यक्रम प्रदान करता है, चाहे हम पूर्णकालिक या अंशकालिक छात्र हों। ऑनलाइन शिक्षा की कम लागत ने इसकी लोकप्रियता में योगदान दिया है। इस वजह से स्कूलों या कॉलेजों में प्रदान किए जाने वाले ऑनलाइन पाठ्यक्रमों की तुलना में ऑनलाइन पाठ्यक्रम कम खर्चीले हैं। विश्वविद्यालय में भाग लेने के दौरान, हमें परिवहन, आवास और भोजन जैसी चीज़ों के लिए भुगतान करना पड़ सकता है; हालाँकि, ऑनलाइन शिक्षा नहीं हो सकती है।

ऑनलाइन सीखने का अंतर्निहित लचीलापन इसके प्रमुख लाभों में से एक है, लेकिन एक पकड़ है: किसी को बहुत आत्म-प्रेरित होने की आवश्यकता है। शीर्ष ऑनलाइन शिक्षार्थी विभिन्न प्रकार की रणनीतियों का उपयोग करते हैं

अपने कार्यों को बनाए रखने के लिए। अध्ययन के लिए हर हफ्ते समय अलग करना और कुछ ध्यान भटकाने वाले कार्यक्षेत्र को डिजाइन करना दोनों ही अत्यधिक फायदेमंद हो सकते हैं।

निष्कर्ष: बढ़ी हुई शैक्षिक पहुंच, उच्च गुणवत्ता वाले सीखने के अवसर, बेहतर छात्र परिणाम और क्षमताएं, और अधिक शैक्षिक विकल्प ऑनलाइन शिक्षा के कुछ संभावित लाभ हैं। ऑनलाइन शिक्षा के कारण, डिग्री प्रोग्राम या उच्च शिक्षा की तलाश में स्थान, समय और गुणवत्ता जैसे चरों को ध्यान में नहीं रखा जाता है।

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Essay on Online Education- FAQs

Q.Are online learning and distance learning the same?

Ans.  Online learning follows a school learning format and provides students more campus-like feel. Students have a formal or informal interactions with the teachers as well as their peers. But in distance learning, there is no interaction with teachers or classmates.

Q. What are some benefits of online classes?

  • Flexibility.
  • Reduced Costs.
  • More Free Time.
  • Increased Course Variety.
  • Career Advancement Opportunities.

Q. How does online education affect students?

Ans.Online learning has helped students to become independent learners before they make their way into the real world.

Q. Are online classes good for students?

Ans. The importance of online classes are that they are much more convenient and flexible as compared to traditional learning platforms.

Q. Why do students prefer online learning?

Ans. Online courses are  easily accessible on much smaller budgets . In addition to the convenience and the cost, a large number of students are turning to online learning courses because they have become a better way to learn.

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Are online learning and distance learning the same?

Online learning follows a school learning format and provides students more campus-like feel. Students have a formal or informal interactions with the teachers as well as their peers. But in distance learning, there is no interaction with teachers or classmates.

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